Today in History - Historical Events - March 31st

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Notable Historical Events on March 31st

1547Henry II succeeds Francois I as king of France

1939"The Hound of Baskervilles", starring Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes and Nigel Bruce as Dr. Watson for the first time, is released

1988NY Islanders celebrate Denis Potvin night

1989Donald Trump purchases Eastern's Northeast Shuttle

1999"10 Things I Hate About You", a modernization of Shakespeare's The Taming of the Shrew, starring Julia Stiles and Heath Ledger, is released

199625th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Patty Sheehan

1968Mickey Wright wins LPGA Palm Beach County Golf Open

1933German Republic gives power to Hitler

19671st time Jimi Hendrix burns his guitar (London)

1657English Parliament makes the Humble Petition to Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell offering him the crown: he declines

1980President Jimmy Carter deregulates banking industry

1945Tennessee Williams' "Glass Menagerie" premieres in NYC

1969George Harrison & Patti Boyd are fined £250 each for illegal drugs

1991St Louis Blues Brett Hull scores his 86th goal

1980Mike Weaver KOs John Tate in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1796Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's "Egmont" premieres in Weimar

1968LBJ announces he will not seek re-election

1980Larry Holmes TKOs Leroy Jones in 8 for heavyweight boxing title

1973Ken Norton defeats Muhammad Ali in a 12 round split decision

1814Forces allied against Napoleon capture Paris

March 31st Historical Events
Date Event
1084
Anti-pope Clemens crowns German King Hendrik IV as Holy Roman Emperor 
1146
Bernard of Clairvaux preaches his famous sermon in a field at Vézelay, urging the necessity of a Second Crusade. Louis VII is present, and joins the Crusade. 
1492
Queen Isabella & King Ferdinand of Aragon issue Alhambra Decree expelling Jews from Kingdoms of Castile and Aragon 
1504
France & Spain sign ceasefire 
1521
Magelhaes takes possession of Homohon, Archipelago of St Lazarus 
1547
Henry II succeeds Francois I as king of France 
1644
Pope Urbanus VIII & duke of Parma signs Peace of Ferrara 
1651
Great earthquake at Cuzco Peru 
1657
English Parliament makes the Humble Petition to Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell offering him the crown: he declines 
1667
France & England sign anti-Dutch military accord 
1683
Emperor Leopold I/Poland signs covenant against Turkey 
1717
A sermon on "The Nature of the Kingdom of Christ" by Benjamin Hoadly, the Bishop of Bangor, provoked the Bangorian Controversy. 
1745
Jews are expelled from Prague 
1796
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's "Egmont" premieres in Weimar 
1808
French created Kingdom of Westphalia orders Jews to adopt family names 
1814
Forces allied against Napoleon capture Paris 
1822
The massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following a rebellion attempt, depicted by the French artist Eugène Delacroix. 
1831
Mainzer Rijnvaart Convention ends 
1831
Quebec & Montreal incorporated 
1841
1st performance of Robert Schumann's 1st Symphony in B 
1849
Col John W Geary arrives as 1st postmaster of SF 
1850
US population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%)) 
1854
Treaty of Kanagawa: Commodore Perry forces Japan to opens ports to US 
1861
Confederacy takes over mint at New Orleans (US Civil War) 
1862
Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River 
1863
Battle of Grand Gulf MS & Dinwiddie Court House VA 
1865
Battle of Boydton, VA (White Oaks Roads, Dinwiddie C H) 
1865
Gen Pickette moves to 5 Forks, abandoning the defense of Peterburg 
1866
The Spanish Navy bombs the harbor of Valparaíso, Chile. 
1868
Chinese Embassy arrives aboard steamship China 
1870
1st black to vote in US (Thomas P Mundy of Perth Amboy NJ) 
1877
British high director/governor sir Bartle Frere arrives in Capetown 
1877
Test Cricket debut of Fred "Demon" Spofforth, Aust v Eng MCG 
1877
The family with samurai antecedents who responded to the Saigo army in Ōita Nakatsu rebels. 
1880
1st town completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, IN) 
1883
1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Le Chasseur Maudit" 
1883
Utrecht begins water pipe system 
1885
Great Britain declares Bechuanaland a protectorate 
1889
300m Eiffel Tower officially opens (commemorates French Revolution) 
1900
At " Surprise of Sanna's Post" in the Second Boer War 150 troops under Brigadier General Robert Broadwood were killed. 
1903
Richard Pearse flies monoplane several hundred yards (NZ) 
1905
Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany visits Tangier, Morocco and proclaims Germany's support of Moroccan independence and equal opportunity for all powers to trade there 
1906
GB Shaw's German version of "Caesar & Cleopatra" premieres in Berlin 
1907
Romanian Army puts down Moldavian farmers' revolt 
1909
Baseball rules players who jump contracts are suspended for 5 years 
1909
Gustav Mahler conducts NY Philharmonic for his 1st time 
1909
In a diplomatic note to Austria, Serbia recognizes the the Bosnian annexation and promises to maintain friendly relations with Austria 
1916
Dutch government ends all military engagements 
1917
US purchases Danish West Indies for $25M & renames them Virgin Islands 
1918
1st daylight savings time in US goes into effect 
1919
Strike against Ruhrgebied government of Scheidemann 
1920
British parliament accepts Irish Home Rule law 
1921
British coal miners goes on strike 
1922
KFI-AM in Los Angeles CA begins radio transmissions 
1922
Prince Hendrik opens trade fair building in Amsterdam 
1923
1st dance marathon-NYC-Alma Cummings sets record of 27 hrs 
1923
French soldiers fire on workers at Krupp factory in Essen; 13 die 
1923
Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) sweep Edm Eskimos (WCHL) in 2 games 
1924
Croydon Airport, London: Imperial Airways established 
1924
London public transport strike ends 
1925
WOWO-AM, Ft Wayne Indiana begins radio transmission (500 watts) 
1926
German Special Court of Justice for state security disbands 
1930
The Motion Pictures Production Code is instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in film for the next thirty eight years. 
1932
150 wild swans die in Niagara waterfall 
1932
Ford publicly unveils its V-8 engine 
1933
1st newspaper published on pine pulp paper, "Soperton News" (Ga) 
1933
Congress authorizes Civilian Conservation Corps 
1933
German Republic gives power to Hitler 
1934
Netherlands Indies BC Ltd begins radio transmission (Indonesia) 
1935
Fusahige Suzuki runs world record marathon (2:27:49) 
1939
Britain & France agree to support Poland if invaded by Germany 
1939
"The Hound of Baskervilles", starring Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes and Nigel Bruce as Dr. Watson for the first time, is released 
1940
Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes 12th Soviet republic (until 1956) 
1941
Ground broken for Union Square Garage, SF 
1943
US errantly bombs Rotterdam, kills 326 
1944
Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars 
1945
3rd Algerian division crosses the Rhine 
1945
Sicherheitsdienst murders 10 political prisoners in Zutphen 
1945
Tennessee Williams' "Glass Menagerie" premieres in NYC 
1945
US artillery lands on Keise Shima/begins firing on Okinawa 
1946
Belgian government of Acker forms 
1946
The first election is held in Greece after World War II. 
1948
Congress passes Marshall Aid Act to rehabilitate war-torn Europe 
1949
Newfoundland becomes Canada's 10th province 
1951
US tanks exceed 38° of latitude in Korea 
1953
US Department of Health, Education & Welfare established 
1953
UN Security Council nominates Dag Hammarskjoeld secretary-general 
1954
US Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs established 
1954
USSR offers to join NATO 
1955
Collie Smith scores 104 on cricket debut WI v Aust, Kingston 
1955
US Assay Office in Seattle, Washington closes Chase National (3rd largest bank) & Bank of the Manhattan Company (15th largest bank) merge to form Chase Manhattan 
1958
US Navy forms atomic sub division 
1958
USSR suspends nuclear weapons tests, & urges US & Britain to do same 
1959
Dalai Lama fled China & was granted political asylum in India 
1960
Gore Vidal's "Best Man" premieres in NYC 
1961
Aklilou Habtewold becomes 1st premier of Ethiopia 
1963
LA ends streetcar service after 90 years 
1964
Pres Jango Goulart of Brazil chased out of office by military 
1965
US ordered the 1st combat troops to Vietnam 
1965
Iberia Airlines Convair 440 crashed into the sea on approach to Tangier killing 47 of 51 occupants. 
1966
25,000 anti war demonstrators march in NYC 
1966
Labour Party wins British parliamentary election 
1966
USSR launches Luna 10, 1st lunar orbiter 
1967
1st time Jimi Hendrix burns his guitar (London) 
1968
LBJ announces he will not seek re-election 
1968
Mickey Wright wins LPGA Palm Beach County Golf Open 
1968
Pirate Radio Station Pegaus (NZ) begins transmitting 
1968
Seattle's AL club is named Pilots 
1969
George Harrison & Patti Boyd are fined £250 each for illegal drugs 
1970
Federal bankruptcy court allows Seattle Pilots to be sold to Milwaukee 
1970
Explorer 1 re-enters the Earth's atmosphere after 12 years in orbit 
1970
Following an Orange Order parade, intense riots erupt on the Springfield Road in Belfast; violence lasts for three days, and the British Army used CS gas for the first time in large quantities 
1971
South Africa national debt hits 5.45 billion 
1971
William Calley sentenced to life for Mi Lai Massacre 
1972
Official Beatles Fan Club closes down 
1973
Flyers score 8 goals in 1 period vs Islanders, on 60 shots 
1973
Ken Norton defeats Muhammad Ali in a 12 round split decision 
1975
37th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Kentucky 92-55 
1975
John Wooden's final game, UCLA, wins 10th NCAA championship in 12 yrs 
1976
Cleveland Cavaliers clinch their 1st ever NBA playoff bearth 
1976
NJ Court rules Karen Anne Quinlan may be disconnected from respirator 
1977
Michael Cristofer's "Shadow Box" premieres in NYC 
1978
Red Rum wins 3rd consecutive Grand National & retires 
1978
USSR launches Kosmos 1000 navigational satellite 
1978
Wings release "London Town" album 
1979
The last British soldier leaves the Maltese Islands. Malta declares its Freedom Day (Jum il-Helsien). 
1980
Larry Holmes TKOs Leroy Jones in 8 for heavyweight boxing title 
1980
Mike Weaver KOs John Tate in 15 for heavyweight boxing title 
1980
President Jimmy Carter deregulates banking industry 
1980
The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific railroad operates its final train after being ordered to liquidate its assets due to bankruptcy and debt owed to creditors. 
1981
1st Golden Raspberry Awards: Can't Stop the Music wins 
1981
53rd Academy Awards - "Ordinary People", R De Niro & Sissy Spacek win 
1982
Arkas tanker at Montz La, spills 1.47 million gallons of oil 
1982
Rock group Doobie Brothers split up 
1983
Earthquake in Colombia kills some 5,000 people 
1983
Marsha Norman's "'night, Mother" premieres in NYC 
1984
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1985
15th Easter Seal Telethon raises $27,400,000 
1985
4th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Old Dominion beats Ga 70-65 
1985
El Salvador's Pres Duartes' Christian-Democrats win election 
1985
Wrestlemania I at Madison Square Garden NY, Hogan & Mr T beat Piper & Orndorf 
1986
167 die when Mexicana Airlines Boeing 727 crashes 
1986
48th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Louisville beats Duke 72-69 
1986
English Hampton Court palace destroyed by fire, 1 dead 
1986
Six metropolitan county councils are abolished in England. 
1987
49th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Indiana beats Syracuse 74-73 
1988
Last East Limburg coal mine closes in Gent Belgium 
1988
NY Islanders celebrate Denis Potvin night 
1988
Pulitzer prize awarded to Toni Morrison for "Beloved" 
1989
Donald Trump purchases Eastern's Northeast Shuttle 
1990
"Carol & Company" starring Carol Burnette premieres on NBC-TV 
1990
Dionisio Castro cycles world record 20km (57:18.4) 
1990
Riots began in London over the new poll tax laws 
1991
10th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Tennessee beats Virginia 70-67 
1991
20th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Amy Alcott 
1991
Albania offers 1st multi-party election in 50 years 
1991
Danny Bonaduce attacks a transvestite prostitute in Phoenix Az 
1991
Georgian SSR votes on whether to remain in the Soviet Union 
1991
Musical "Will Rogers Follies" premieres in NYC 
1991
Soviet Rep of Georgia endorsed independence; Warsaw Pact dissolves 
1991
St Louis Blues Brett Hull scores his 86th goal 
1991
The Establishment of Islamic Constitutional Movement - Hadas in Kuwait. 
1992
Delhi beat Tamil Nadu on 1st innings to win cricket Ranji Trophy 
1992
UN Security Council voted to ban flights & arms sales to Libya 
1994
James Farentino pleads no contest to stalking ex-girl Tina Sinatra 
1994
Walkway from Cleveland's Tower City to Jacobs Field officially opens 
1994
Human evolution: The journal Nature reports the finding in Ethiopia of the first complete Australopithecus afarensis skull. 
1995
1st game at Coors Stadium Colo (replacement Rockies beat Yanks 4-1) 
1995
Bombay beat Punjab on 1st innings to win cricket Ranji Trophy 
1995
Federal judge orders injunction to end baseball strike 
1996
"Getting Away With Murder" closes at Broadhurst NYC after 17 perfs 
1996
"Midsummer Night's Dream" opens at Lunt-Fontanne NYC for 66 perfs 
1996
15th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Tenn beats Georgia 83-65 
1996
1st Opening Day in history in March takes place in Seattle 
1996
25th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Patty Sheehan 
1996
Karnataka defeat Tamil Nadu on 1st innings to win Ranji Trophy 
1996
Radio Canada International's final shortwave broadcast 
1996
Space Shuttle STS 76 (Atlantis 16), lands 
1996
Wrestlemania XII - Shawn Michaels beats Brett Hart for WWF title 
1997
"Daytime to Remember" a series showing old soaps premieres on ABC-TV 
1997
59th NCAA Mens Basketball Championship: Ariz beats Kentucky 84-79 (OT) 
1997
Pioneer 10 ends its mission 
1998
Tampa Bay Devil Rays 1st game they host Detroit Tigers 
1999
"10 Things I Hate About You", a modernization of Shakespeare's The Taming of the Shrew, starring Julia Stiles and Heath Ledger, is released 
2002
21st NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: at San Antonio 
2004
In Fallujah, Iraq, 4 American private military contractors working for Blackwater USA, are killed and their bodies mutilated after being ambushed. 
2007
In Sydney, Australia, 2.2 million people take part in the first Earth Hour. 
2008
Aloha Airlines, a bankrupt airline, permanently ends passenger service 
2012
Fiji Floods kill 2 people and force thousands to be evacuated 
2013
14 Boko Haram suspects are killed in a Nigerian Army raid 
2013
11 people are killed in flooding at Port Louis, Mauritius 
2013
2 people die from bird flu (type H7N9) in China 
2016
US transgender community fights against 'bathroom bills' 
2016
Trump backs off call to punish women for abortions if they're banned 
2016
Myanmar's Aung San Suu Kyi to be given new 'PM-like' role 
2017
Michael Flynn Offers to Testify Before Congress in Exchange for Immunity 
2017
McDonald's to Use Fresh Beef for Quarter Pounder Burgers 
2017
Interstate 85 collapses in massive fire in Atlanta 
2017
Israeli cabinet approves new settlement, first in 2 decades 
2017
Ousted South Korean President Park Geun-hye arrested 
2017
SpaceX makes history: It launched a used rocket and then landed it in the ocean 
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