Today in History - Historical Events - March 3rd

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Notable Historical Events on March 3rd

1985Betsy King wins LPGA Samaritan Turquoise Golf Classic

1910Rockefeller Foundation: John D. Rockefeller Jr. announces his retirement from managing his businesses so that he can be devoted full time to being a philanthropist

1968Jean Beliveau (Mont) becomes 2nd NHLer to score 1,000 pts

1994IRS investigates Darryl Strawberry

1991LA Police severly beat motorist Rodney King, captured on amateur video

1877Rutherford B. Hayes is sworn in as the 19th US president

1981Isle's Mike Bossy 9th & final hat trick of season-4 goals

1941Netherlands NSB-leader Mussert visits Hermann Goering in Berlin

1837US President Andrew Jackson & Congress recognizes Republic of Texas

1875Georges Bizet's opera "Carmen" premieres (Paris)

1955Elvis Presley makes his 1st TV appearance on a broadcast of radio show "Louisiana Hayride"

1998Bill Gates testifies at Senate Judiciary Committee

1863Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences

1865US Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, & Abandoned Lands established by Abraham Lincoln to help destitute free blacks

1974Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic

1956Elvis Presley's 1st hit in Billboard's top 10: "Heartbreak Hotel"

1968In a blockbuster trade, the Toronto Maple Leafs send hall of fame forward Frank Mahovlich to the rival Detroit Red Wings

1934John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol

1966Kwame Nkrumah flees Ghana to Guinee

1972Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, & Stonewall Jackson are completed at Stone Mountain Georgia

1575Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi.

1957Mickey Wright wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open

1992Mike Bossy's #22 is 2nd # retired by NY Islanders

1985"Moonlighting" with Cybill Shepard & Bruce Willis, premieres

1966Buffalo Springfield form (Steven Stills, Neil Young, et al)

1980Pierre Trudeau sworn in, for the second time, as the 17th Prime Minister of Canada

1939In Mumbai (Bombay), Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest against autocratic rule in India.

1945Winston Churchill visits Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters

19751st People's Choice Awards: John Wayne & Barbra Streisand win (Motion Picture) and Alan Alda, Telly Savalas & Mary Tyler Moore win (TV)

1887Anne Sullivan begins teaching 6 year old blind-deaf Helen Keller

March 3rd Historical Events
Date Event
78
Origin of Saka Era (India) 
468
St Simplicius elected to succeed Catholic Pope Hilarius 
493
Ostrogoten King Theodorik the Great beats Odoaker 
1284
Statute of Rhuddlan incorporated the Principality of Wales into England 
1409
Austrian civil war ends 
1431
Bishop Gabriele Condulmer elected as Pope Eugene IV 
1575
Indian Mughal Emperor Akbar defeats Bengali army at the Battle of Tukaroi. 
1585
The Olympic Theatre, designed by Andrea Palladio, is inaugurated in Vicenza. 
1627
Piet Heyn conquerors 22 ships in Bay of Salvador Brazil 
1634
1st tavern in Boston opens (Samuel Cole) 
1638
Duke Bernard van Saksen-Weimar occupies Rheinfelden 
1746
Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Inverness Castle 
1776
US commodore Esek Hopkins occupies Nassau Bahamas 
1791
1st US internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits & carriages) 
1791
Congress establishes US Mint 
1794
1st performance of Joseph Haydn's 101st Symphony in D 
1794
Richard Allen founded AME Church 
1801
1st US Jewish governor, David Emanuel, takes office in Georgia 
1803
1st impeachment trial of a federal judge, John Pickering, begins 
1803
Colégio Militar is founded in Portugal by Colonel Teixeira Rebello. 
1805
Louisiana-Missouri Territory forms 
1812
US passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims) 
1813
Office of Surgeon General of the US Army forms 
1815
US declares war on Algiers for taking US prisoners & demanding tribute 
1817
Mississippi Territory is divided into Alabama Territory & Mississippi 
1820
Missouri Compromise passes, allowing Missouri to join the United States despite slavery still being legal there. 
1835
Congress authorizes a US mint at New Orleans Louisiana 
1837
Congress increases Supreme Court membership from 7 to 9 
1837
US President Andrew Jackson & Congress recognizes Republic of Texas 
1838
Rebellion at Pelee Island, Ontario, Canada 
1842
1st US child labor law regulating working hours passed (Mass) 
1842
1st performance of Felix Mendelssohn's 3rd "Scottish" Symphony 
1843
Congress appropriates $30,000 "to test the practicability of establishing a system of electro-magnetic telegraphs" by the US 
1845
1st time, US Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto 
1845
Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery 
1845
Florida becomes 27th state of the Union 
1847
Post Office Department authorized to issue postage stamps 
1849
Gold Coinage Act authorizes $20 Double Eagle gold coin 
1849
Territory of Minnesota organizes 
1849
US Home Department (later renamed the Department of the Interior) established by Congress 
1851
Congress authorizes smallest US silver coin (3 cent piece) 
1853
Transcontinental railroad survey is authorized by Congress 
1853
US Assay Office in NYC authorized 
1855
US Congress approves $30,000 to test camels for military use 
1855
US Congress authorizes registered mail 
1857
Second Opium War: France and the United Kingdom declare war on China. 
1861
Alexander II of Russia signs the Emancipation Manifesto, freeing serfs [OS=Feb 19]. 
1862
Union forces under General Pope lay siege to New Madrid, Missouri (US Civil War) 
1863
US Congress authorizes track width of 4'8½" for Union Pacific Railroad 
1863
1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted 
1863
Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences 
1863
Congress authorizes a US mint at Carson City, Nevada 
1863
Federal ironclad ships bombard Fort McAllister, Georgia 
1863
Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired 
1863
Gold certificates (currency) authorized by Congress 
1863
Idaho Territory forms 
1865
US Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, & Abandoned Lands established by Abraham Lincoln to help destitute free blacks 
1865
Opening of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group. 
1869
University of South Carolina opens to all races 
1871
US Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent 
1871
US Congress establishes the civil service system 
1873
US Congress authorizes federal departmental postage stamps 
1873
US Congress & government raise own salary, retroactively 
1873
Censorship: The U.S. Congress enacts the Comstock Law, making it illegal to send any "obscene, lewd, or lascivious" books through the mail. 
1875
1st recorded hockey game (Montreal) 
1875
Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years 
1875
Georges Bizet's opera "Carmen" premieres (Paris) 
1877
Rutherford B. Hayes is sworn in as the 19th US president 
1878
Bulgaria liberated from Turkey (Peace of San Stefano) 
1879
1st female lawyer heard by US Supreme Court (Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood) 
1879
US Geological Survey director authorized in Dept of the Interior 
1882
NY Steam Corp begins distributing steam to Manhattan buildings 
1883
Congress authorizes the 1st steel vessels in US navy 
1885
1st US state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission 
1885
American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates 
1885
Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of fed government) 
1885
US Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail 
1887
American Protective Association forms (anti-Catholic) in Clinton Iowa 
1887
Anne Sullivan begins teaching 6 year old blind-deaf Helen Keller 
1891
Congress creates US Courts of Appeal 
1891
Congress creates Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Dept) 
1891
The Penalty Spot Kick rule in Association Football is conceived, but does not come into effect until the next season. 
1892
1st cattle tuberculosis test in US made, Villa Nova, Penn 
1893
Columbian Isabella silver quarter authorized 
1893
Congress authorizes 1st federal road agency, in Dept of Agriculture 
1894
1st Greek-language publication in US begins, "NY Atlantis" 
1894
4th & last British government of Gladstone resigns 
1899
Congress authorizes Lafayette silver dollar 
1899
George Dewey becomes 1st in US to hold the rank of Admiral of the Navy 
1900
US Steel Corporation organizes 
1901
Congress creates National Bureau of Standards, in Dept of Commerce 
1903
North Carolina becomes 1st state requiring registration of nurses 
1904
Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's cylinder. 
1905
US Forest Service forms 
1905
Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to summon a 'consultative assembly' and concedes other points including an edict of religious toleration, relief for Jews, and the cancellation of certain debts 
1906
Vuia I aircraft built by Romanian Traja Vuia tested in France 
1909
Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Montreal Wanderers, 8-3 
1910
Rockefeller Foundation: John D. Rockefeller Jr. announces his retirement from managing his businesses so that he can be devoted full time to being a philanthropist 
1911
1st US federal cemetery with Union & Confederate graves opens, Missouri 
1913
Ida B Wells-Barnett demonstrates for female suffrage in Washington DC 
1915
US National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics(NACA) created, the predecessor of NASA 
1917
US Congress passes 1st excess profits tax on corporations 
1918
Richard Goering's "Seeschlacht," premieres in Berlin 
1918
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk: Germany, Austria & Russia sign 
1919
1st international air mail service from US, Seattle-Victoria, BC 
1919
Communist Party in Germany announces a general strike 
1920
Montreal Canadiens scores NHL record 16 goals beating Quebec Bulldogs 
1921
Toronto's Dr Banting & Dr Best announce discovery of insulin 
1921
The Asiatic Inquiry Commission, est. by the South African Government, proposes a system of voluntary repatriation and segregation of Indians and prohibit Indians from buying agricultural land in a specified area along the coast 
1922
Italian fascists occupy Fiume & Rijeka 
1922
WWJ-AM in Detroit MI begins radio transmissions 
1923
Time magazine publishes 1st issue featuring Joseph G. Cannon (Speaker of US House of Representatives) 
1923
US Senate rejects membership of the International Court of Justice, The Hague 
1924
German & Turkish friendship/trade treaty signed 
1924
Sean O'Casey's "Juno & the Paycock," premieres in Dublin 
1926
International Greyhound Racing Association formed (Miami, Fla) 
1931
"Star Spangled Banner" officially becomes US national anthem by congressional resolution 
1931
Cab Calloway records "Minnie Moocher" (Jazz's 1st million seller) 
1933
German presidential candidate Earnest Thalmann (KPD) arrested 
1933
Mount Rushmore dedicated 
1933
NYC premiere of "King Kong" 
1934
John Dillinger breaks out of jail using a wooden pistol 
1935
Dutch Revolutionary Socialist Worker's party (RSAP), forms 
1936
Grimmett ends his Test career with 13 wkts in 5th Test v South Africa 
1937
Australia snatch series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down 
1938
American Bowling Congress' largest tournament (24,765 competitors) 
1939
In Mumbai (Bombay), Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest against autocratic rule in India. 
1940
Artie Shaw records "Frenesi" on RCA Victor label 
1941
Netherlands NSB-leader Mussert visits Hermann Goering in Berlin 
1942
1st combat flight for Canadian British-built Avro Lancaster bomber 
1943
Bomb fleeing crowd falls into London shelter; 173 die 
1943
F Ryerson & Cohn Claues' "Harriet," premieres in NYC 
1943
Battle of the Bismarck Sea during WWII: Australian and American airforces devastate Japanese navy convoy 
1944
1st performance of corporal Samuel Barber's 2nd Symphony 
1945
Winston Churchill visits Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters 
1945
RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511 
1945
Roermond/Venlo Neth, freed 
1945
US & Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor 
1945
US 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall 
1946
US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill 
1946
US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button 
1950
3 months as National-American Football League takes back NFL name 
1951
Bill Mikvy (Temple) scores NCAA basketball record 73 pts 
1952
Puerto Rico approves their 1st self written constitution 
1953
Canadian Comet crashes at Karachi, 11 killed 
1953
Boston Braves, who own Milwaukee minor league franchise, block St Louis Browns attempt to shift their franchise to Milwaukee 
1955
Elvis Presley makes his 1st TV appearance on a broadcast of radio show "Louisiana Hayride" 
1956
Elvis Presley's 1st hit in Billboard's top 10: "Heartbreak Hotel" 
1956
Cockie Gastelaars swims world record 100 m freestyle (1:04.2) 
1956
Indonesian government of Harahap resigns 
1956
Morocco gains independence from France (Anniversary of throne) 
1956
Manhattan Borough President Hulan Jack makes plans for a new 110,000-seat stadium to entice Giants to stay in NY 
1957
Corry Brokken wins Eurovision Song festival with "Just as then" 
1957
Ice Dance Championship at Colorado Spr won by Markham & Jones (GRB) 
1957
Ice Pairs Championship at Colorado Springs won by Wagner & Paul (CAN) 
1957
Men's Figure Skating Champ in Colo Springs won by David Jenkins (USA) 
1957
Mickey Wright wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open 
1957
Worlds Ladies Figure Skating Champ in Colo Spr won by Carol Heiss (US) 
1958
KTVU TV channel 2 in Oakland-San Francisco, CA (IND) 1st broadcast 
1958
Nuri ash Said becomes premier of Iraq 
1959
1st US probe to enter solar orbit, Pioneer 4, launched 
1959
Brit government arrests Hastings Banda of Nyasaland, ends emergency crisis 
1959
SF Giant's rename their stadium Candlestick Park 
1960
9th largest snowfall in NYC history (14.5") 
1961
King Hassan II's ascends to throne of Morocco 
1962
British Antarctic Territory forms 
1963
Senegal adopts constitution 
1965
Temptations' "My Girl" reaches #1 
1965
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1965
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1966
Buffalo Springfield form (Steven Stills, Neil Young, et al) 
1966
James Goldman's "Lion in Winter," premieres in NYC 
1966
Kwame Nkrumah flees Ghana to Guinee 
1966
Rock group Buffalo Springfield forms 
1966
Twister hits Jackson Miss; 3 minutes after 1st sighting, 57 die 
1966
WRFT (now WVFT) TV channel 27 in Roanoke, VA (IND) begins broadcasting 
1967
Grenada gains partial independence from Britain 
1967
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1967
White Sox given permission to use semi-DH in training camp with home club permission (use of pinch hitter twice in same game) 
1968
"Here's Where I Belong" opens/closes at Billy Rose Theater NYC 
1968
Greece, Portugal & Spain's embassies bombed in the Hague 
1968
Jean Beliveau (Mont) becomes 2nd NHLer to score 1,000 pts 
1968
In a blockbuster trade, the Toronto Maple Leafs send hall of fame forward Frank Mahovlich to the rival Detroit Red Wings 
1969
Apollo 9 launched for 151 Earth orbits (10 days) 
1971
South African Broadcasting Corp lifts its ban on the Beatles 
1971
Winnie Mandela sentenced to 1 year in jail in South Africa 
1972
Sculpted figures of Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, & Stonewall Jackson are completed at Stone Mountain Georgia 
1973
"Shelter" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 31 performances 
1973
White Sox Dick Allen signs 3 year contract for record $750,000 
1974
"Sextet" opens at Bijou Theater NYC for 9 performances 
1974
Despite Billy Harris' hat trick Islanders lose 3-4 
1974
Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic 
1974
World's worst air disaster, Turkish DC-10 crashes in Paris (346 die) 
1975
"Goodtime Charley" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 104 performances 
1975
Linda McCartney is charged in US with possession of marijuana 
1975
1st People's Choice Awards: John Wayne & Barbra Streisand win (Motion Picture) and Alan Alda, Telly Savalas & Mary Tyler Moore win (TV) 
1976
Mozambique closes border with Rhodesia 
1976
5 workers are killed by the police in a demonstration in Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain. 
1977
Ice Pairs Champs at Tokyo won by Irina Rodnina/Alexandr Zaitsev (URS) 
1977
Islanders allow Red Wings only 11 shots on goal 
1977
Libyan Socialist Arabs People's Republic forms 
1977
Men's Figure Skating Champions in Tokyo won by Vladimir Kovalev (USSR) 
1977
World Ladies Fig Skating Championship in Tokyo won by Linda Fratianne (USA) 
1978
1st day of Test cricket for Desmond Haynes (WI v Australia) 
1980
France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island 
1980
The USS Nautilus is decimmissioned. 
1980
Pierre Trudeau sworn in, for the second time, as the 17th Prime Minister of Canada 
1981
Isle's Mike Bossy 9th & final hat trick of season-4 goals 
1981
NY Islanders & Edmonton Oilers play to an 8-8 tie 
1982
Senate begins debate on expulsion of Sen Harrison Williams (D-NJ) 
1984
NY Islanders score their most goals (11) vs Tor Maple Leafs (6) 
1984
Peter Ueberroth elected baseball commissioner (Effective Oct 1) 
1985
"Moonlighting" with Cybill Shepard & Bruce Willis, premieres 
1985
"My One & Only" closes at St James Theater NYC after 767 performances 
1985
Betsy King wins LPGA Samaritan Turquoise Golf Classic 
1985
Bill Shoemaker is 1st jockey to surpass $100 million 
1985
National Union of Mine Workers in England end a 51 week strike 
1985
Willie Shoemaker becomes 1st jockey to win $100 million 
1987
Ray Dandridge, 3rd baseman in Negro Leagues, eleected to Hall of Fame 
1989
Machinists strike Eastern Airlines; pilots honor picket lines 
1989
Robert McFarlane gets $20,000 fine, 2 yrs probation for Iran-Contra 
1990
Carole Gist, 20, (Michigan 1st black), crowned 39th Miss USA 
1991
"Big Love" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 41 performances 
1991
25 die as United Boeing 737 crashes in Colorado Springs 
1991
Boon completes 10th Test Cricket century, 109* v WI at Kingston 
1991
Iraqi generals & Gen Schwarzkopf meet to discuss cease fire 
1991
LA Police severly beat motorist Rodney King, captured on amateur video 
1991
Latvia & Estonia vote to become independent of the USSR 
1991
Merlene Ottey runs world record 200m indoor (22.24 sec) 
1991
Miguel Trovoada installed as president of Sao Tomé e Principal 
1991
Switzerland votes on lowering voting age from 20 to 18 
1991
United Airlines crashes near Colorado Springs, kills 25 
1992
Gas explodes in coal mine at Zonguldak Turkey, 100s die 
1992
Mike Bossy's #22 is 2nd # retired by NY Islanders 
1992
Pres Bush apologizes for raising taxes after pledging not to 
1992
Charges are filed in Florida against NY Mets Darryl Boston, Vince Coleman & Dwight Gooden of rape (dropped in April) 
1992
The nation of Bosnia was established. 
1993
Howard Stern radio show premieres in Boston (WBCN 104.1 FM-evenings) 
1994
"Damn Yankees" opens at Marquis Theater NYC for 510 performances 
1994
"Philoktetes Variations," with Ron Vawter, premieres in Brussels 
1994
IRS investigates Darryl Strawberry 
1996
26th Easter Seal Telethon 
1996
Auckland beat Wellington by 9 wickets to win Shell Trophy Final 
1997
Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Fayetteville NC on WRCQ 103.5 FM 
1997
The tallest free-standing structure in the Southern Hemisphere, Sky Tower in downtown Auckland, New Zealand, opens after two-and-a-half years of construction. 
1998
Bill Gates testifies at Senate Judiciary Committee 
2002
Citizens of Switzerland narrowly vote in favor of their country becoming a member of the United Nations. 
2004
Belgian brewer Interbrew and Brazilian rival AmBev agreed to merge in a $11.2 billion deal that formed InBev, the world's largest brewer. 
2005
Mayerthorpe Incident: James Roszko murders four Royal Canadian Mounted Police constables during a drug bust at his property in Rochfort Bridge, Alberta, then commits suicide. It is the deadliest peace-time incident for the RCMP since 1885 and the North-West Rebellion. 
2005
Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly an airplane around the world solo without any stops without refueling - a journey of 40,234 km/25,000 mi completed in 67 hours and 2 minutes. 
2009
The Sri Lankan cricket team is attacked by terrorists while on their way to the Gaddafi Stadium, Lahore for a Test match against Pakistan. 
2009
The building of the Historisches Archiv der Stadt Köln (Historical Archives) in Cologne, Germany, collapses. 
2012
Lorry crash in east Guinea kills 50 and injures 27 
2012
Two trains crash in Szczekociny, Poland, with 16 people dead and up to 50 injured 
2013
45 people are killed by a bomb blast in Karachi, Pakistan 
2013
A 2 year old US girl becomes the first child born with HIV to be cured 
2016
North Korea fires several short-range projectiles into sea - South Korea 
2016
North Korean leader Kim Jong Un wants nukes ready to go 
2016
UNHCR: More than 10000 migrants stranded at Greece-Macedonia border 
2016
Fewer than half Rio Games tickets sold: organizers 
2017
Melania Trump Reads Dr. Seuss to Children in First Solo Outing as First Lady 
2017
Kushner and Flynn Met With Russian Envoy in December, White House Says 
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