Today in History - Historical Events - March 23rd

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Notable Historical Events on March 23rd

1153Treaty of Konstanz between Frederick I "Barbarossa" & Pope Eugene III

199870th Academy Awards - "Titanic," Jack Nicholson & Helen Hunt win

200375th Academy Awards - "Chicago," Adrien Brody & Nicole Kidman win

1867Congress passes 2nd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto

2000Joe Sakic records his 400th career goal and becomes the Quebec Nordiques/Colorado Avalanche all-time leading point scorer

1979Larry Holmes TKOs Osvaldo Ocasio in 7 for heavyweight boxing title

1997Phil Mickelson wins Bay Hill Golf Invitiational

1980Donna Caponi Young Pro-Am wins LPGA National Golf Tournament

1994Last day of Test cricket for Kapil Dev

1973Yoko Ono is granted permanent residence in US

1835Charles Darwin reaches Los Arenales, in the Andes

1808Napoleon's brother Joseph takes the throne of Spain

1983US President Ronald Reagan introduces "Star Wars"-plan (SDI)

1994Howard Stern formally announces his Libertarian run for NY governor

2007After some initial hesitation, Emma Watson signs on to appear as Hermione in the final three Harry Potter films

1982Isle's Mike Bossy's 20th career hat trick-4 goals

1969Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Port Charlotte Golf Invitational

1865General Sherman/Cox' troops reach Goldsboro NC

1743George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" premieres in London

1997Betsy King wins LPGA Standard Register PING

1933Enabling Act: German Reichstag grants Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers

1919Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy

1972Evel Knievel breaks 93 bones after successfully clearing 35 cars

1994Wayne Gretzky sets NHL record with 802 goals scored

March 23rd Historical Events
Date Event
1026
Koenraad II crowns himself king of Italy 
1066
18th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet 
1153
Treaty of Konstanz between Frederick I "Barbarossa" & Pope Eugene III 
1174
Jocelin, abbot of Melrose, is elected bishop of Glasgow. 
1490
1st dated edition of Maimonides "Mishneh Torah" published 
1534
Aragonese legal code formally recognised 
1568
Treaty of Longjumeau: French huguenots go on strike 
1579
Friesland joins Union of Utrecht 
1593
English Congressionalist Henry Barrow accused of slander 
1630
French troops occupy Pinerolo Piedmont 
1657
France & England form alliance against Spain; England gets Dunkirk 
1708
English pretender to the throne James III lands at Firth of Forth 
1743
George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" premieres in London 
1752
Pope Stephen II elected to succeed Zacharias, died 2 days later 
1775
Patrick Henry proclaims "Give me liberty or give me death" in speech in favour of Virginian troops joining US Revolutionary war 
1794
Josiah Pierson patents a "cold-header" (rivet) machine 
1794
Lt-general Tadeusz Kosciuszko returns to Poland 
1808
Napoleon's brother Joseph takes the throne of Spain 
1821
Battle and fall of city of Kalamata, Greek War of Independence. 
1832
British Parliament passes reform bill 
1835
Charles Darwin reaches Los Arenales, in the Andes 
1836
Coin Press invented by Franklin Beale 
1839
1st recorded use of "OK" [oll korrect] (Boston's Morning Post) 
1840
Draper takes 1st successful photo of the Moon (daguerrotype) 
1848
The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded. 
1849
Battle of Novara (King Charles Albert vs Italian republic) 
1857
Elisha Otis' 1st elevator installed (488 Broadway, NYC) 
1858
Streetcar patented (E A Gardner of Phila) 
1861
London's 1st tramcars, designed by Mr Train of NY, begins operating 
1862
Battle of Kernstown VA-Jackson begins his Valley Campaign 
1864
Encounter at Camden AR 
1865
General Sherman/Cox' troops reach Goldsboro NC 
1867
Congress passes 2nd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson's veto 
1868
University of California founded (Oakland California) 
1879
War of the Pacific was fought between Chile and the joints forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully took over Arica and Tarapacá which left Bolivia as a landlocked country. 
1880
Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisc) 
1881
Boers & Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war 
1881
Gas lamp sets fire to Nice France opera house; 70 die 
1889
Pres Harrison opens Oklahoma for white colonization 
1889
The free Woolwich Ferry officially opens in east London. 
1889
The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community was established by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad in Qadian India. 
1896
Umberto Giordano's opera "Andrea Chénier," premieres in Milan 
1896
The Raines Law is passed by the New York State Legislature, restricting Sunday sale of alcohol to hotels. 
1901
Dame Nellie Melba, reveals secret of her now famous toast 
1903
Wright brothers obtain airplane patent 
1908
American diplomat Durham Stevens is attacked by Korean assassins Jeon Myeong-un and Jang In-hwan, leading to his death in a hospital two days later. 
1910
1st race at Los Angeles Motordrome (1st US auto speedway) 
1912
Dixie Cup invented 
1915
Zion Mule Corp forms 
1917
Tornadoes kills 211 over 4 days in Midwest US 
1918
Alick Wickham dives 200' into Australia's Yarra River 
1918
Crépy-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed 
1918
Lithuania proclaims independence 
1918
Paris bombs "Thick Bertha's Dike" (nickname for the widow Krupp) 
1919
Bashkir ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted 
1919
Benito Mussolini forms Fascist movement in Milan Italy 
1919
Moscow's Politburo/Central Committee forms 
1920
Perserikatan Communist of India (PKI) political party forms 
1922
1st airplane lands at the US Capitol in Washington, DC 
1922
KMJ-AM in Fresno CA begins radio transmissions 
1922
WEW-AM in Saint Louis MO begins radio transmissions 
1923
Frank Silver & Irving Conn release "Yes, We Have No Bananas" 
1925
Tennessee becomes 1st state to outlaw teaching theory of evolution 
1926
NHL Championship: Mont Canadiens outscore Pitt Pirates, 6-4 in 2 games 
1929
1st telephone installed in White House 
1930
US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson 
1930
US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Roger Turner 
1931
Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev embrace the gallows during the Indian struggle for independence. Their request to be shot by a firing squad is refused. 
1933
Enabling Act: German Reichstag grants Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers 
1933
Kroll Opera in Berlin opens 
1934
US Congress accepts Philippines independence in 1945 
1936
Italy, Austria & Hungary sign Pact of Rome 
1936
Physician Joseph Hamilton injects a leukemia patient with a sodium radioisotope, the first intravenous injection of a human with a radioisotope 
1937
LA Railway Co starts using PCC streetcars 
1938
Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis frees 74 St L Cardinals minor leaguers 
1940
1st radio broadcast of "Truth or Consequences" on CBS 
1940
All-India-Moslem League calls for a Moslem homeland 
1940
The Lahore Resolution (Qarardad-e-Pakistan or the then Qarardad-e-Lahore) is put forward at the Annual General Convention of the All India Muslim League. 
1942
2,500 Jews of Lublin massacred or deported 
1942
Japanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean 
1942
US move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers 
1943
German counter attack on US lines in Tunisia 
1944
Bomb assassination against Southern Tirol congregation in Rome, 33 die 
1944
Nicholas Alkemade falls 5,500 m without a parachute & lives 
1945
British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine 
1945
Largest operation in Pacific War (WWII), 1,500 US Navy ships bomb Japanese island of Okinawa 
1945
Premier Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Straelen 
1946
8th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Oklahoma State beats NC 43-40 
1948
John Cunningham sets world altitude record (54,492' (18,133 m)) 
1949
Sidney Kingsley's "Detective Story," premieres in NYC 
1950
"Great to Be Alive" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 52 perfs 
1950
22rd Academy Awards - "All King's Men," Crawford & De Havilland win 
1950
Sophocles Venizelos forms liberal Greeks government 
1950
UN World Meteorological Org established 
1951
Wages in France increase 11% 
1952
Rangers with less than 14 minutes to go blow a 6-2 lead, losing 7-6 to Chicago Black Hawks. Mosienko scores 3 times in 21 seconds 
1956
18th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: SF beats Iowa 83-71 
1956
Pakistan proclaimed an Islamic republic in Commonwealth (Natl Day) 
1956
Sudan becomes independent 
1957
19th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: NC beats Kansas 54-53 (3 OTs) 
1957
US army sells last homing pigeons 
1960
Explorer (8) fails to reach Earth orbit 
1962
JFK visits SF 
1962
Nawab of Pataudi captains India cricket v WI age 21 years 77 days 
1962
Wake Forest coach "Bones" McKinney becomes 2nd person to play & coach 
1962
William DeWitt buys Cin Reds for $4,625,000 
1963
25th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Loyola beats Cin 60-58 (OT) 
1963
Rolf Hochhuth's "Der Stellvertreter," premieres in Berlin 
1964
UNCTAD 1 world conference opens in Geneva 
1965
Gemini 3 launched, 1st US 2-man space flight (Grissom & Young) 
1965
Moroccan army shoots on demonstrators, about 100 killed 
1966
1st official meeting after 400 years of Catholic & Anglican Church 
1968
30th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats NC 78-55 
1968
Rev Walter Fauntroy, is 1st non-voting congressional delegate from DC 
1969
Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Port Charlotte Golf Invitational 
1969
Rally for Decency (Miami) 
1970
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1971
USSR performs underground nuclear test 
1972
Evel Knievel breaks 93 bones after successfully clearing 35 cars 
1972
NY Yanks agree to continue playing ball in the Bronx 
1973
After a 5½ year run soap "Love is a Many Splendored Thing" ends 
1973
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1973
Yoko Ono is granted permanent residence in US 
1975
Sue Roberts wins LPGA Bing Crosby International Golf Classic 
1976
International Bill of Rights goes into effect (35 nations ratifying) 
1978
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1979
Larry Holmes TKOs Osvaldo Ocasio in 7 for heavyweight boxing title 
1979
Wings release "Goodnight Tonight" 
1980
Border completes 150 in each inning of Test Cricket v Pakistan 
1980
Donna Caponi Young Pro-Am wins LPGA National Golf Tournament 
1980
France performs nuclear test 
1980
Shah of Iran arrives in Egypt 
1981
Supreme Court upholds law making statutory rape a crime only for men 
1981
Supreme Court rules states could require, with some exceptions, parental notification when teen-age girls sought abortions 
1982
Guatemala military coup under gen Rios Montt, pres Romeo Lucas flees 
1982
Isle's Mike Bossy's 20th career hat trick-4 goals 
1983
US President Ronald Reagan introduces "Star Wars"-plan (SDI) 
1984
Andrea Schone skates ladies world record 3 km (4:20.91) 
1984
Ice Dance Championship at Ottawa won by J Torvill & Chris Dean (GRB) 
1984
Ice Pairs Championship at Ottawa won by Underhill & Paul Martini (CAN) 
1984
Ladies Fig Skating Championship in Ottawa won by Katarina Witt (GDR) 
1984
Men's Fig Skating Championship in Ottawa won by Scott Hamilton (USA) 
1985
Discovery moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51-D mission 
1985
Julian Lennon's 1st concert (San Antonio Texas) 
1985
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1986
6th Golden Raspberry Awards: Rambo: First Blood Part II wins 
1986
Heavyweight Trevor Berbick KOs Pinklon Thomas 
1986
Penny Pulz wins LPGA Circle K Tucson Golf Open 
1987
Soap "Bold & Beautiful" premieres 
1987
US offers military protection to Kuwaiti ships in the Persian Gulf 
1987
West Germany SPD chairman Willy Brandt resigns 
1989
2 Utah scientists claim they have produced fusion at room temperature 
1989
Joel Steinberg sentenced to 25 yrs for killing his adopted daughter 
1990
Former Exxon Valdez Captain Joseph Hazelwood ordered to help clean up Prince William Sound & pay $50,000 in restitution for 1989 oil spill 
1991
20 Tornadoes kill 5 in Tennessee 
1991
Sergei Bubka pole vaults world record indoor (6.12m) 
1991
1st World League of American Football games, London beats Frankfurt 24-11, Sacramento beats Raleigh-Dur 9-3 & Mont beats Birmingham 20-5 
1992
Florida Marlins begin selling tickets 
1993
Belgian government of Dehaene, resigns 
1993
NY Knicks & Phoenix Suns get into a major brawl 
1994
Amy Fisher's lover Joey Buttafuoco is released from jail after 4 months & 9 days 
1994
Graeme Obree bicycles world record 10 km (11:28) 
1994
Howard Stern formally announces his Libertarian run for NY governor 
1994
Last day of Test cricket for Kapil Dev 
1994
Russian Airbus A-310 crashes in Siberia (74-75 killed) 
1994
Wayne Gretzky sets NHL record with 802 goals scored 
1994
Richard Jacobs buys naming rights to Indians new ball park at Gateway for $13.8 million (renamed Jacobs Field) 
1995
"How To Succeed in Business..." opens at R Rodgers NYC for 548 perfs 
1995
Dollar equals 88.41 yen (record) 
1996
Taiwan holds its first direct elections and chooses Lee Teng-hui as President. 
1997
"Mandy Patinkin in Concert," closes at Lyceum Theater NYC 
1997
17th Golden Raspberry Awards: Striptease wins 
1997
Betsy King wins LPGA Standard Register PING 
1997
Liberty Legends of Senior Golf 
1997
Phil Mickelson wins Bay Hill Golf Invitiational 
1997
Wrestlemania XIII in Chicago, Undertaker beats Psycho Sid for title 
1997
wins Standard Register PING 
1998
70th Academy Awards - "Titanic," Jack Nicholson & Helen Hunt win 
1999
Gunmen assassinate Paraguay's Vice President Luis María Argaña. 
2000
Joe Sakic records his 400th career goal and becomes the Quebec Nordiques/Colorado Avalanche all-time leading point scorer 
2001
The Russian Mir space station is disposed of, breaking up in the atmosphere before falling into the southern Pacific Ocean near Fiji. 
2002
22nd Golden Raspberry Awards: Freddy Got Fingered wins 
2003
In Nasiriyah, Iraq, 11 soldiers of the 507th Maintenance Company as well as 18 U.S. Marines are killed during the first major conflict of Operation Iraqi Freedom. 
2003
75th Academy Awards - "Chicago," Adrien Brody & Nicole Kidman win 
2004
Andhra Pradesh Federation of Trade Unions holds its first conference in Hyderabad, India. 
2005
The United States 11th Circuit Court of Appeals, in a 2-1 decision, refuses to order the reinsertion of Terri Schiavo's feeding tube. 
2005
A major explosion at the Texas City Refinery kills 15 workers. 
2006
The Federal Reserve discontinues publishing M3 money supply. 
2007
Burnley Tunnel catastrophe occurs in Melbourne, Australia. 
2007
Iranian Navy seize Royal Navy personnel in Iraqi waters. 
2007
After some initial hesitation, Emma Watson signs on to appear as Hermione in the final three Harry Potter films 
2012
African Union suspends Mali's membership following a coup 
2013
20 people are killed and 200 are injured by a tornado in Brahmanbaria, Bangladesh 
2013
The US Senate approves its first budget in four years by a margin of 50—49 
2016
With Presidents Obama, Castro Watching, Rays Beat Cuban Team 
2016
US Election 2016: Trump and Clinton win big in Arizona 
2017
United States Beats Puerto Rico for First World Baseball Classic Title 
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