Today in History - Historical Events - March 20th

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Notable Historical Events on March 20th

1942Gen MacArthur vows, "I shall return"

1988Laura Davies wins Circle K LPGA Tucson Golf Open

1937Franco offensive at Guadalajara, Spain

1616Walter Raleigh released from Tower of London to seek gold in Guyana

1800Alessandro Volta reports his discovery of the electric battery in a letter to Joseph Banks, president of the Royal Society of London

200418th Soul Train Music Awards: R. Kelly, Janet Jackson, Outkast & Beyoncé win

2004Stephen Harper wins the leadership of the newly created Conservative Party of Canada, becoming the party's first leader.

1990Singer Gloria Estefan breaks her collarbone in a bus accident

1815Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule

1965Civil and Women's Rights Activist Dorothy Height has her first column published in the weekly African-American newspaper called the "New York Amsterdam News"

1983Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open

1988Mike Tyson KOs Tony Tubbs in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

1868Jesse James Gang robs bank in Russelville, Kentucky, of $14,000

1991Michael Jackson signs $65M 6 album deal with Sony records

1906George Bernard Shaw's "Captain Brassbound's Conversion" premieres in London

1890German emperor Wilhelm II fires republic chancellor Otto Von Bismarck

1968LBJ signs a bill removing gold backing from US paper money

200216th Soul Train Music Awards: The O'Jays, Dr. Dre & Alicia Keys wins

1989Baseball announces Reds manager Pete Rose is under investigation

1994"Cyrano - The Musical" closes at Neil Simon NYC after 137 perfs

1994Laura Davies wins LPGA Standard Register Ping Golf Tournament

1852Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" published (Boston)

1990LA Lakers retires Kareem Abdul-Jabbar's #33

1973Roberto Clemente elected to Hall of Fame, 11 weeks after his death

March 20th Historical Events
Date Event
141
6th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet 
1345
Saturn/Jupiter/Mars-conjunction: thought "cause of plague epidemic" 
1525
Paris' parliament begins pursuit of Protestants 
1569
Duke van Alva leads "tenth penning" in Ponts the Cé 
1598
French King Henri IV & duke van Mercour sign treaty 
1600
The Linköping Bloodbath takes place on Maundy Thursday in Linköping, Sweden. 
1602
United Dutch East Indian Company (VOC) forms 
1616
Walter Raleigh released from Tower of London to seek gold in Guyana 
1627
France & Spain sign accord for fighting protestantism 
1697
Willem de Vlamingh returns to Batavia after exploring "South Land" 
1739
Nadir Shah occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city, stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne. 
1760
Great Fire of Boston destroys 349 buildings 
1800
French army defeats Turks at Helipolis & advance to Cairo 
1800
Alessandro Volta reports his discovery of the electric battery in a letter to Joseph Banks, president of the Royal Society of London 
1814
Prince Willem Frederik becomes monarch of Netherlands 
1815
Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule 
1816
US Supreme Court affirms its right to review state court decisions 
1833
US & Siam sign commercial treaty 
1852
Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" published (Boston) 
1861
An earthquake completely destroys Mendoza, Argentina. 
1863
Battle of Pensacola FL -evacuated by Federals 
1865
2nd day of Battle of Bentonville NC 
1865
Michigan authorizes workers' cooperatives 
1868
Jesse James Gang robs bank in Russelville, Kentucky, of $14,000 
1883
Unity treaty of Paris signed: protects industrial property 
1885
John Matzeliger of Suriname patents shoe lacing machine 
1885
Yiddish theater opens in NY with Golldfaden operetta 
1886
1st AC power plant in US begins commercial operation, Mass 
1888
Start of the Sherlock Holmes Adventure "A Scandal in Bohemia" 
1888
The premiere of the very first Romani language operetta staged in Moscow, Russia. 
1890
General Federation of Womans' Clubs founded 
1890
German emperor Wilhelm II fires republic chancellor Otto Von Bismarck 
1896
Marines land in Nicaragua to protect US citizens 
1896
Uprising in Matabeleland 
1897
1st US orthodox Jewish Rabbinical seminary (RIETS) incorporates in NY 
1897
1st known intercollegiate basketball game, Yale beats Penn 32-10 
1897
France signs treaty with emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia 
1900
US Secretary of State John Hay announces that all nations to whom he sent notes calling for an 'open door' policy in China have essentially accepted his stand. 
1902
France and Russia issue a joint declaration that approves the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, but stipulates that they have the right to protect interests in China and Korea 
1906
George Bernard Shaw's "Captain Brassbound's Conversion" premieres in London 
1911
National Squash Tennis Association forms (NYC) 
1911
Winter Garden Theater opens at 1634 Broadway NYC 
1914
1st international figure-skating tournament held in US, New Haven 
1916
Allies attack Zeebrugge Belgium 
1920
1st flight from London to South Africa lands (took 1½ months) 
1920
US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld 
1920
US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger 
1922
USS Langley is commissioned, US Navy's 1st aircraft carrier 
1922
WIP-AM in Philadelphia PA begins radio transmissions 
1923
Bavarian minister of interior refuses to forbid Nazi Sturm Abteilung 
1923
Belgian Senate rejects Dutch University in Ghent 
1924
Finnair begins scheduled flight of Helsinki-Tallinn 
1924
Stanley Cup: Mont Canadiens (NHL) sweep Vanc Millionaires (PCHA) in 2 
1930
Clessie Cummins sets diesel engine speed record of 129.39 kph 
1931
Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin 
1932
Kara-Kalpak Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Kara-Kalpak ASSR 
1933
Dachau, 1st Nazi concentration camp, completed 
1934
Rudolf Kuhnold demonstrates radar in Kiel Germany 
1934
Female Babe Didrickson pitches hitless inning for Phila A's in exhibition game against Brooklyn Dodgers 
1937
Franco offensive at Guadalajara, Spain 
1939
7,000 Jews flee German occupied Memel Lithuania 
1940
Paul Reynoud becomes French premier 
1941
Nazi-German/Yugoslav pact drawn 
1942
Convoy PQ13 departs Reykjavik Iceland to Russia 
1942
Gen MacArthur vows, "I shall return" 
1942
Major German assault on Malta 
1943
German U-384 bombed & sinks 
1944
Bus falls off bridge into Passaic River NJ, killing 16 
1944
Mount Vesuvius, Italy, explodes 
1945
US 70th Infantry division/7th Armour division attack Saar 
1946
Belgian government of Spaak resigns 
1947
180 tonne blue whale (record) caught in South Atlantic 
1948
1st live televised musical Eugene Ormandy on CBS followed in 90 
1948
20th Academy Awards - "Gentleman's Agreement", L Young, R Colman win minutes by 2nd live televised musical Arturo Toscvanni on NBC 
1951
Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java 
1951
Fujiyoshida, a city located in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan, in the center of the Japanese main island of Honshū is founded. 
1952
24th Academy Awards - "American in Paris", Humphrey Bogart & Vivian Leigh win 
1952
Final ratification of peace treaty restoring sovereignty to Japan by US Senate 
1953
Senator Edwin C Johnson offers a bill to give clubs the sole 
1954
"King & I" closes at St James Theater NYC after 1246 performances 
1954
16th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: La Salle beats Bradley 92-76 
1954
1st newspaper vending machine used (Columbia Pennsylvania) 
1955
KXTV TV channel 10 in Sacramento, CA (CBS) begins broadcasting 
1956
156-day strike against Westinghouse ends 
1956
E Ochab succeeds Beirut as 1st secretary of Polish CP 
1956
Mount Bezymianny on Kamchatka Peninsula (USSR) explodes 
1956
Tunisia gains independence from France 
1956
USSR performs nuclear test 
1956
Union workers ended a 156-day strike at Westinghouse Electric Corp 
1957
Britain accepts NATO offer to mediate in Cyprus, but Greece rejects it 
1958
50" snow across the Mason-Dixon line 
1958
Clandestine Burasi Bizim Radio (communist) begins transmitting 
1958
Greek Clandestine Radio (communist), Voice of Truth 1st transmission 
1962
Sjoukje Dijkstra becomes world champion figure skater 
1963
1st "Pop Art" exhibition (NYC) 
1964
ESRO established, European Space Research Organization 
1965
27th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Michigan 91-80 
1965
Venkataraghavan takes 8-72 v NZ at Delhi 
1965
Civil and Women's Rights Activist Dorothy Height has her first column published in the weekly African-American newspaper called the "New York Amsterdam News" 
1966
Marilynn Smith wins LPGA St Petersburg Women's Golf Open 
1967
The Supremes release "The Happening" 
1967
WOET (now WPTD) TV channel 16 in Dayton, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1968
LBJ signs a bill removing gold backing from US paper money 
1968
Military intervene in South-Yemen (leftist ministers resign) 
1969
Abebe Bikila's auto-accident, near Addis Ababa 
1969
US president Nixon proclaims he will end Vietnam war in 1970 
1971
Boston Bruins win 13th straight NHL game 
1971
Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark resigns in protest at what he views as a limited security response by the British government 
1972
19 mountain climbers killed on Japan's Mount Fuji during an avalanche 
1972
S Mansholt succeeds Malfatti as chairman of European Committee 
1972
Donegall Street bombing: the Provisional Irish Republican Army detonate its first car bomb on Donegall Street in Belfast; four civilians, two RUC officers and a UDR soldier killed while 148 people were wounded 
1973
Roberto Clemente elected to Hall of Fame, 11 weeks after his death 
1976
Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.70) 
1976
Patricia Hearst convicted of armed robbery 
1977
Communists/socialists win French municipal elections 
1977
Parisians elect former PM Jacques Chirac as 1st mayor in a century 
1977
Premier Indira Gandhi loses election in India 
1978
Flyers' Rick MacLeash scores on 6th penalty shot against Islanders 
1979
Columbia flies on Shuttle carrier aircraft to Kennedy Space Center 
1980
The Mi Amigo ship containing England's pirate Radio Caroline sinks 
1980
US appeals to International Court on hostages in Iran 
1981
Argentine ex-president Isabel Peron sentenced to 8 years 
1981
Jean Harris sentenced 15-to-life for slaying of Scarsdale Diet Dr 
1982
1st-class debut of Richie Richardson, Leeward Is v Barbados 
1982
France performs nuclear test 
1982
Joan Jett & Blackhearts' "I Love Rock 'n' Roll" goes #1 for 7 wks 
1982
Rev A Treurnicht forms Conservative Party of South Africa 
1983
Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open 
1984
Andy Kaufman & Fred Blassie's "My Breakfast With Blassie" premieres 
1984
Senate rejects amendment to permit spoken prayer in public schools 
1985
Libby Riddles is 1st woman to win Iditarod Trail Dog Sled Race 
1986
228 KPH gust of wind strikes Cairngorm (UK record) 
1986
Jacques Chirac forms French government 
1987
FDA approves sale of AZT (AIDS treatment) 
1987
NASA launches Palapa B2P 
1987
Soap opera "Capitol" final episode 
1987
Soviet filmmakers arrive in Hollywood for an entertainment summit 
1987
Yvonne van Gennip skates ladies' world record 5 km (7:20.36) 
1988
David Henry Hwang's "M. Butterfly," premieres in NYC 
1988
Laura Davies wins Circle K LPGA Tucson Golf Open 
1988
Mike Tyson KOs Tony Tubbs in 2 for heavyweight boxing title 
1988
Eritrean War of Independence: Having defeated the Nadew Command, the Eritrean People's Liberation Front enters the town of Afabet, victoriously concluding the Battle of Afabet. 
1989
Baseball announces Reds manager Pete Rose is under investigation 
1989
Richard J Kerr replaces Robert M Gates as deputy director of CIA 
1990
LA Lakers retires Kareem Abdul-Jabbar's #33 
1990
Singer Gloria Estefan breaks her collarbone in a bus accident 
1991
Court awards Peggy Lee $3 million in suit against Disney 
1991
Michael Jackson signs $65M 6 album deal with Sony records 
1991
Supreme Court rules unanimously employers can't exclude women from jobs where exposure to toxic chemicals could potentially damage fetus 
1991
US forgives $2 billion in loans to Poland 
1992
Janice Pennington is awarded $1.3M for accident on Price is Right set 
1992
Noriega's wife Felicidad arrested for stealing buttons from dresses 
1993
Dan Jansen skates world record 500m (36.02 sec) 
1993
IRA-bomb kills 3 year old in Warrington England 
1994
"Cyrano - The Musical" closes at Neil Simon NYC after 137 perfs 
1994
"Flowering Peach" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 41 performances 
1994
"No Man's Land" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 61 performances 
1994
14th Golden Raspberry Awards: Indecent Proposal wins 
1994
Brett Hart wins WWF championship at Wrestlemania X 
1994
El Salvador's 1st pres election following 12-year-old civil war 
1994
Laura Davies wins LPGA Standard Register Ping Golf Tournament 
1994
Mashonaland U-24 beat Matabeleland on 1st inn to win Logan Cup 
1994
Wrestlemania X at Madison Square Garden NY, Bret Hart pins Yokozuna 
1994
Zulu-king Goodwill Zwelithini founds realm in South Africa 
1995
Dow-Jones hits 4083.68 (record) 
1995
Poison Gas released in Tokyo subway 12 killed, 4,700 injured 
1995
Beatles song, "Baby It's You", with late John Lennon as lead singer, is released, 1st Fab Four single in more than 30 years 
1996
"Love Thy Neighbor" opens at Booth Theater NYC 
1996
Erik & Lyle Menendez found guilty of killing their parents 
1996
UK admits humans can catch CJD (Mad Cow Disease) 
1997
"Play On!" opens at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC for 61 performances 
1997
Liggett admits cigarettes are addictive 
1997
Mens Figure Skating Championship in Lausanne won by Elvis Stojko (CAN) 
1999
Legoland California, the first and only Legoland outside of Europe, opens in Carlsbad, California. 
1999
19th Golden Raspberry Awards: An Alan Smithee Film: Burn Hollywood Burn wins 
2000
Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, a former Black Panther once known as H. Rap Brown, is captured after a gun battle that leaves a Georgia sheriff's deputy dead. 
2001
Petrobras 36 Oil Platform, the world's largest oil rig, sinks with 400,000 US gallons of fuel and crude oil aboard, after suffering three explosions on March 15 
2002
16th Soul Train Music Awards: The O'Jays, Dr. Dre & Alicia Keys wins 
2004
Stephen Harper wins the leadership of the newly created Conservative Party of Canada, becoming the party's first leader. 
2004
18th Soul Train Music Awards: R. Kelly, Janet Jackson, Outkast & Beyoncé win 
2005
A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits Fukuoka, Japan, its first major quake in over 100 years. One person is killed, hundreds are injured and evacuated. 
2006
Cyclone Larry makes landfall in eastern Australia, destroying most of the country's banana crop. 
2006
Over 150 Chadian soldiers are killed in eastern Chad by members of the rebel UFDC. The rebel movement sought to overthrow Chadian president Idriss Deby. 
2012
50 people are killed and 240 injured in a wave of terror attacks across 10 cities in Iraq 
2012
Disney movie John Carter records one of the largest losses in cinema history with a $200 million dollar write down 
2013
Pierre Deligne wins the 2013 Abel Prize in mathematics 
2016
American Firm, Starwood, Signs Deal to Manage Hotels in Cuba 
2016
Anti-Trump Protesters Block Road in Arizona and Clash With Police in New York 
2016
Two American citizens killed in Istanbul blast: White House 
2016
US marine dies in Iraq Mosul rocket attack 
2016
Pope Francis gets an Instagram account 
2017
SpaceX Dragon capsule returns to Earth 
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