Today in History - Historical Events - March 19th

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Notable Historical Events on March 19th

1945Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories

1991St Louis Blues Brett Hull is 3rd NHLer to score 80 goals in a season

1943In their third match, Jake LaMotta finally defeats Jimmy Reeves by knocking him out in the sixth round

1995Michael Jordan rejoins Chicago Bulls after 17 months, beats Pacers

1942FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non military duty

1964Sean Connery's 1st day of shooting on "Goldfinger"

1991NFL owners strip Phoenix of 1993 Super Bowl game due to Arizona Not recognizing Martin Luther King Day

1925Angelo G Roncalli (later Pope John XXIII) becomes a bishop

1885Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Sask

1953Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real" premieres in NYC

March 19th Historical Events
Date Event
1227
Count Ugolino of Segna elected Pope Gregory IX 
1279
A Mongolian victory at the naval Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China. 
1452
Frederick III of Hapsburg crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Nicholas V in Rome 
1524
Giovanni de Varrazano of France sights land around area of Carolinas 
1540
Court of Holland names Amsterdam sheriff John Hubrechtsz a "heretic" 
1563
Peace of Amboise: Rights for Huguenots 
1571
Spanish troops occupy Manila 
1628
Massachusetts Bay Colony granted land by England 
1644
200 members of Peking imperial family/court commit suicide in loyalty to the Emperor 
1682
Nationally Council accept independence of French church 
1687
Explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle, searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River, is murdered by his own men. 
1702
James II's daughter Anne Stuart becomes queen of England 
1748
Naturalization Act passes granting Jews right to colonize north American colonies 
1775
4 people buried by avalanche for 37 days, 3 survive (Italy) 
1775
Poland & Prussia sign trade agreement 
1799
Joseph Haydn's "Die Schopfung" premieres in Vienna 
1803
Friedrich Schiller's "Die Braut von Messina" premieres in Weimar 
1822
Boston, Mass, incorporated as a city 
1831
1st US bank robbery (City Bank, NY/$245,000) 
1859
Opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris 
1861
The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand 
1863
The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, medicines and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000. The wreck was discovered on the same day and month, exactly 102 years later by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence. 
1864
Opera "Mireille" premieres in Paris 
1865
Battle of Bentonville-Confederates retreat from Greenville NC 
1866
Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die 
1870
The opera "Guarany" premieres in Milan 
1877
Australia beat England by 45 runs in very 1st Test match 
1883
Jan Matzeliger invents 1st machine to manufacture entire shoes 
1885
Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Sask 
1892
3 brothers Hearne play in same Test Cricket Eng v SA (Cape Town) 
1895
Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service 
1897
Yale defeated Penn, 30-10 in 1st major college basketball game 
1906
Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari's "Quattro Rusteghi" premieres in Munich 
1907
18.8 cm precipitation at Lewer's Ranch, Nevada (state record) 
1914
Stanley Cup: Tor Blueshirts (NHA) sweep Vict Capitals (PCHA) in 3 game 
1915
Pluto photographed for 1st time (although unknown at the time) 
1917
US Supreme Court upheld 8-hr work day for railroad employees 
1918
US Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time 
1918
S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane 
1920
US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations' covenant (maintaining isolation policy) 
1921
Italian Fascists shoot from the Parenzana train at a group of children in Strunjan (Slovenia): two children are killed, two mangled and three wounded. 
1925
Angelo G Roncalli (later Pope John XXIII) becomes a bishop 
1927
Bloody battles between communists & nazis in Berlin 
1928
"Amos & Andy" debuts on radio (NBC Blue Network-WMAQ Chicago) 
1930
Nakagawa Soen accepted as a student of Katsube Keigaku Roshi 
1931
Nevada legalizes gambling 
1932
The Sydney Harbour Bridge is opened. 
1937
Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism 
1937
Astronomer Fritz Zwicky publishes his research on stellar explosion in which he coins the term "supernova" and hypothesizes that they were the origin of cosmic rays 
1938
Toronto Maple Leafs score 8 goals in 5 minutes 
1940
Failed British air raid on German base at Sylt 
1940
French government of Daladier falls 
1941
Jimmy Dorsey & orchestra record "Green Eyes" & "Maria Elena" 
1942
FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non military duty 
1942
Thoroughbred Racing Association of US formed in Chicago 
1943
Airship Canadian Star torpedoed & sinks 
1943
British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia 
1943
Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard. 
1943
In their third match, Jake LaMotta finally defeats Jimmy Reeves by knocking him out in the sixth round 
1944
Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time" premieres in London 
1945
800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan 
1945
Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories 
1945
British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine) 
1945
US Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure 
1946
French Guyana, Guadeloupe, Martinique & Reunion become overseas "departments" of France 
1946
Nicolai Schwernik succeeds Kalinin as president of USSR 
1947
Belgian government of Spaak forms 
1947
Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek conquers Jenan 
1948
Lee Savold KOs Gino Buonvino in 54 seconds at Madison Square Garden, NYC 
1949
1st museum devoted exclusively to atomic energy, Oak Ridge, Tn 
1950
5th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Babe Didrikson-Zaharias 
1950
City College of NY defeats Bradley to win the NIT 
1951
Herman Wouk's "Caine Mutiny" published 
1953
Tennessee Williams' "Camino Real" premieres in NYC 
1953
25th Academy Awards - "Greatest Show on Earth", Gary Cooper & Shirley Booth win (1st time televised) 
1954
1st color telecast of a prize fight, Giardello vs Troy in Madison Square Garden, NYC 
1954
1st rocket-driven sled on rails tested in Alamogordo, NM 
1954
US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Tenley Albright 
1954
US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Hayes A Jenkins 
1954
Weekes, Worrell & Walcott complete centuries in innings v England 
1955
17th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: SF beats La Salle 77-63 
1956
Biggest NBA margin of victory - Minn Lakers-133, St Louis Hawks-75 
1957
Indians reject Boston's offer of $1 million for Herb Score 
1958
Britain's 1st planetarium opens at Madame Tussaud's in London 
1958
Gary Sobers completes a century in each innings v Pakistan 
1959
"1st Impressions" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 84 performances 
1960
"Redhead" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 455 performances 
1960
22nd NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Ohio State beats California 75-55 
1962
"All American" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 80 performances 
1962
Archbishop Suenens of Mechelen-Brussels appointed cardinal 
1964
Sean Connery's 1st day of shooting on "Goldfinger" 
1965
Indonesia nationalizes all foreign oil companies 
1965
Rembrandt's "Titus" sells for then record 7,770,000 guilders 
1965
Stoica becomes president & Ceausescu party leader of Romania 
1965
The wreck of the SS Georgiana, valued at over $50,000,000 and said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, was discovered by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence exactly 102 years after its destruction. 
1966
"Pousse Cafe" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 3 performances 
1966
28th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Texas Western beats Ky 72-65 
1966
Belgium government of Vanden Boeynants begins 
1967
French Somaliland (Djibouti) votes to continue association with France 
1967
Marilynn Smith wins LPGA St Petersburg Orange Golf Classic 
1968
Howard University students seize administration building 
1969
British invade Anguilla 
1969
Chicago 8 indicted in aftermath of Chicago Democratic convention 
1969
The 385 metre tall TV-mast at Emley Moor, United Kingdom, collapses due to ice build- up. 
1970
W German chancellor & E German premier meet 
1971
Phila 76ers outscore Cincinnati Royals 90-8 in 1 half 
1972
"To Live Another Summer" closes at Helen Hayes NYC after 173 perfs 
1972
Carol Mann wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic 
1972
India & Bangladesh sign friendship treaty 
1972
LA Lakers beat Golden State Warriors, 162-99, by then record 63 pts 
1973
Dean tells Nixon, "There is a cancer growing on the Presidency" 
1974
Jefferson Starship begins their 1st tour 
1975
"Dr Jazz" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 5 performances 
1975
Penn is 1st state to allow girls to compete with boys in HS sports 
1977
France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island 
1977
Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.33) 
1978
50,000 demonstrate in Amsterdam against neutron bomb 
1978
Sally Little wins LPGA Kathryn Crosby/Honda Civic Golf Classic 
1979
House of Reps begins live TV broadcasts via C-SPAN 
1981
-21] Emmy 8th Daytime Awards - Susan Lucci loses for 2nd time 
1981
2 workers killed in space shuttle Columbia accident 
1981
Buffalo Sabres beat Toronto Maple Leafs 14-4 
1982
National Guard jet tanker crashes killing 27 
1982
Falklands War: Argentinian forces land on South Georgia Island, precipitating war with the U.K.. 
1984
"Kate & Allie" premieres 
1984
John J O'Connor named 8th archbishop of NY 
1984
KSD-AM in St Louis MO changes call letters to KUSA 
1984
Mobil oil tanker spills 200,000 gallons into Columbia River 
1984
Pitcher Denny McLain indicted on charges of racketeering 
1984
STS 41-C vehicle moves to launch pad 
1985
"Spin Magazine" begins publishing 
1985
NSW wins cricket Sheffield Shield by beating Queensland by 1 wicket 
1985
Senate votes 55-45, to authorize production of the MX missile 
1987
Bonnie Blair skates ladies' world record 500 m (39.43 sec) 
1987
Fred Currey acquires Greyhound Bus Company 
1987
Hassanali inaugurated as president of Trinidad & Tobago 
1987
PTL leader Jim Bakker resigns after sex scandal with Jessica Hahn 
1987
Yvonne van Gennip skates ladies world record 3 km (4:16.85) 
1988
2 British soldiers lynched in Belfast, North Ireland 
1988
Yvonne van Gennip skates un-official world record 10 km (15:25.25) 
1989
Boeing B-22 Osprey VTOL aircraft makes maiden flight 
1989
Ice Dance Championship at Paris won by M Klimova & S Ponomarenko (USR) 
1989
Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by E Gordeeva & S Grinkov (USSR) 
1989
Lori Garbacz wins Circle K LPGA Golf Open Tucson 
1989
Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Kurt Browning (CAN) 
1989
Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Paris won by Midori Ito (Japan) 
1990
1st world ice hockey tournament for women held (Ottawa) 
1991
KC Royals announce they are putting Bo Jackson on waivers 
1991
Sacramento Kings set NBA record of 29 consecutive road loses 
1991
St Louis Blues Brett Hull is 3rd NHLer to score 80 goals in a season 
1991
NFL owners strip Phoenix of 1993 Super Bowl game due to Arizona Not recognizing Martin Luther King Day 
1991
Gorbachev says the Soviet Union will cut its oil exports by nearly half 
1992
"Master Builder" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 45 performances 
1992
Britain's Prince Andrew & Sarah, Duchess of York, announce separation 
1993
Ice Dance Championship in Prague won by M Usova & A Zhulin (RUS) 
1993
Ice Pairs Championship in Prague won by I Brasseur & L Eisler (CAN) 
1993
US Supreme Court Justice Byron R White announced plans to retire 
1994
2500 kilograms of cocaine intercepted in Zeewolde, Netherlands 
1994
Lara scores 167 for WI v England at Georgetown 
1994
Largest omelet (1,383sq ft) made with 160,000 eggs in Yokohama, Japan 
1994
NJ Devils club record 41st win of the season 
1995
"Translations" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 25 performances 
1995
"Uncle Vanya" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 29 performances 
1995
5 die by poison gas in Japanese subway 
1995
Arizona outside of Phoenix begins using new area code 520 
1995
Bonnie Blair skates female world record point total (156.450) 
1995
Finnish Social Democratic Party wins parliamentary election 
1995
Laura Davis wins LPGA Standard Register PING Golf Tournament 
1995
Michael Jordan rejoins Chicago Bulls after 17 months, beats Pacers 
1995
NBA NY Knicks beat NY Nets in 100th meeting (Knicks 53 Nets 47) 
1995
Neil Marshall skates world record 3 km (3:54.08) 
1997
Ice Pairs won by Mandy Woetzel & Ingo Steuer (GER) 
1997
Major League Baseball announces 5 year/$50M deal with Pepsi 
1997
US Supreme Court hears Internet indecency arguments 
1998
"Ah Wilderness!" opens at Vivian Beaumont theater 
2001
The Bank of Japan issued a monetary policy known as quantitative easing, which stimulated the Japanese economy after the burst of the dot-com bubble. 
2002
U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda ends (started on March 2) after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters with 11 allied troop fatalities. 
2003
Invasion of Iraq by American and British led coalition begins without United Nations support and in defiance of world opinion 
2004
A truck and a bus crash head-on in Äänekoski, Finland. 24 people are killed and 13 injured. 
2004
A Swedish DC-3 shot down by a Russian MiG-15 in the 1950s is finally recovered after years of work. The remains of the crew are left in place, pending further investigations. 
2004
Taiwanese president Chen Shui-bian is shot just before the country's presidential election on March 20. 
2008
GRB 080319B: A cosmic burst that is the farthest object visible to the naked eye was briefly observed on this day. 
2012
Wendy's overtakes Burger King to become the second best selling hamburger chain 
2013
27 people are killed and 14 are injured in a bus crash in Maharashtra, India 
2013
16 people are killed by mudslides in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
2013
NASA's Mars rover Curiosity discovers further evidence of water-bearing minerals 
2014
Russia captures the Ukrainian naval base in Sevastopol 
2016
Belgian minister says of Paris suspect Abdeslam 'we got him' 
2016
UN condemns N Korea 'unacceptable' missile launches 
2016
Hulk Hogan Awarded $115 Million in Privacy Suit Against Gawker 
2017
North Korea 'conducts high-thrust engine test' 
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