Today in History - Historical Events - March 12th

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Notable Historical Events on March 12th

1985Larry Bird scores Boston Celtic record 60 points

1987David Robinson scores 50 points in a NCAA basketball game

1961Mickey Wright wins LPGA Miami Golf Open

1904Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund

1930Mohandas Gandhi begins 200m (300km) march protesting British salt tax

1980Jury finds John Wayne Gacy guilty of murdering 33 in Chicago

1963Beatles perform as a trio, John Lennon is ill with a cold

19915th Soul Train Music Awards: Johnny Gill, Mariah Carey win

1966Bobby Hull's 51st goal of season, sets record

1857Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Simon Boccanegra" premieres in Venice

1972NHL great Gordie Howe retires after 26 seasons

1978Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Sunstar Golf Classic

198915th People's Choice Awards: Dustin Hoffman & Meryl Streep win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Bill Cosby & Phylicia Rashad win (TV)

1912Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low

198511th People's Choice Awards: Clint Eastwood & Meryl Streep win (Motion Picture) and Tom Selleck, Joan Collins & Linda Evans win (TV)

1947Pres Harry Truman introduces Truman-doctrine to fight communism

1737Galileo's body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy

1919George Bernard Shaw's "Augustus Does His Bit" premieres in NYC

March 12th Historical Events
Date Event
538
Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths, ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Roman general, Belisarius. 
1054
Pope Leo IX escapes captivity & returns to Rome 
1088
Odo of Lagery elected as Pope Urban II, succeeding Victor III 
1144
Gherardo Caccianemici elected Pope Lucius II, succeeding Callistus II 
1350
Orvieto city says it will behead & burn Jewish-Christian couples 
1365
University of Vienna founded 
1455
First record of Johann Gutenberg's Bible, letter dated this day by Enea Silvio Piccolomini refers to the bible printed a year before 
1496
Jews are expelled from Syria 
1572
Luis Vaz de Camoes publishes "Os Lusíados" in Portugal 
1594
Company of Distant established for business on East-Indies 
1597
England routes troops to Amiens 
1609
Bermuda becomes an English colony 
1619
Dutch settlement on Java changes name to Batavia 
1622
Ignatius of Loyola declared a saint 
1642
Abel Tasman is 1st European in New Zealand 
1664
1st naturalization act in American colonies 
1664
New Jersey becomes a British colony 
1689
Former English King James II lands in Ireland 
1737
Galileo's body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy 
1755
1st steam engine in America installed, to pump water from a mine 
1773
Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable found settlement now known as Chicago 
1794
Theatre Royal in London's Dury Lane opens after being rebuilt 
1799
Austria declares war on France 
1832
The ballet La Sylphide first premieres at the Opéra de Paris. 
1848
2nd republic established in France 
1849
1st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to Calif 
1850
1st US $20 gold piece issued 
1857
Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Simon Boccanegra" premieres in Venice 
1860
Congress accepts Pre-emption Bill: free land in West for colonists 
1867
Last French troops leave Mexico 
1868
Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa (later renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho) 
1868
US Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax 
1868
Henry O'Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh. 
1877
Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony, Southern Africa. 
1881
Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain. 
1884
Mississippi establishes 1st US state college for women 
1888
2nd day of the Great blizzard of '88 in NE US (400 die) 
1889
Battle at Metema (Gallabad): Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes IV, defeated 
1889
Start of South Africa's 1st Test, v England, Port Elizabeth 
1894
Pittsburgh issues free season tickets for ladies on Tuesday & Friday 
1894
In Vicksburg, Mississippi, USA, Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time. 
1896
1st movie in Netherlands (Kalverstr 220) 
1897
Vincent d'Indy's opera "Fervaal" premieres in Brussells 
1900
President Steyn of Orange Free state flees from Bloemfontein 
1901
Ground is broken for Boston's 1st AL ballpark (Huntington Ave Grounds) 
1903
NY Highlanders (Yankees) approved as members of AL 
1904
1st main line electric train in UK (Liverpool to Southport) 
1904
Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund 
1905
The continuing strikes and disorders that unsettle Italy force out Premier Giovanni Giolitti, though he will return in March, 1906 
1906
Heavy storm ravages Dutch west coast 
1908
Stanley Cup: Mont Wanderers sweep Win Maple Leafs in 2 games 
1908
The Pan-Macedonian group is formed in Athens to support the Greek Struggle for Macedonia. 
1909
Alarmed over increasing German naval strength, Parliament passes a new naval appropriations bill 
1910
Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers beat Berlin (Kitchener), 7-3 
1912
Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low 
1912
Helen Hayes Theater opens at 238 W 44th St NYC 
1912
Establishment of the first football club in Bulgaria - Botev Plovdiv 
1913
Foundation stone of the Australian capital in Canberra laid 
1916
French airship sinks British submarine D3 
1917
[OS Feb 27] Russian Duma sets up the Provisional Committee; Soviets form Executive Committee 
1917
Stalin, Kamenev & Muranov arrives in Petrograd/St Petersburg 
1919
Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany) 
1919
George Bernard Shaw's "Augustus Does His Bit" premieres in NYC 
1925
British government of Baldwin refuses to ratify Geneva agreement 
1926
Denmark begins unilateral disarmament 
1926
Pope Pius XI names J E van Roey archbishop of Malines Belgium 
1928
In California, the St. Francis Dam fails, killing over 600 people. 
1930
Mohandas Gandhi begins 200m (300km) march protesting British salt tax 
1930
Stella Walsh sets record for the 220-yard dash (0:26.1) 
1933
FDR conducts his 1st "fireside chat" 
1934
Acting Pres Constantine Päts commits coup in Tallinn Estonia 
1934
Josip Broz (Tito) freed from jail 
1934
Paul Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Berlin 
1935
England establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns & villages 
1938
Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss) 
1939
Pope Pius XII crowned in Vatican ceremonies 
1940
Finland surrenders to Russia during WW II, gives Karelische Isthmus 
1941
German occupiers confiscate AVRO studios in Netherlands 
1942
British troops vacate the Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal 
1943
Soviet troops liberate Wjasma 
1945
30 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers 
1945
Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy 
1945
NY is 1st to prohibit discrimination by race & creed in employment 
1945
USSR returns Transylvania to Romania 
1946
Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland 
1947
"Chocolate Soldier" opens at Century Theater NYC for 69 performances 
1947
Belgian government of Huysmans resigns 
1947
Pres Harry Truman introduces Truman-doctrine to fight communism 
1948
-5°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March 
1950
Belgium votes (58%) for return of King Leopold III 
1950
Pope Pius XII encyclical "On combating atheistic propaganda" 
1951
Baseball Commish Happy Chandler loses fight (9-7) to stay in office 
1951
Communist troops driven out of Seoul 
1954
1st performance of Arnold Schoenberg's "Moses und Aaron" 
1956
Dow Jones closes above 500 for 1st time (500.24) 
1957
German DR accepts 22 Russian divisions 
1958
British Empire Day is renamed "Commonwealth Day" 
1959
Dutch Liberal Party wins 2nd parliamentary elections 
1959
US House joins Senate approving Hawaii statehood 
1961
Mickey Wright wins LPGA Miami Golf Open 
1962
Dutch Premier De Quay announces secret talks with Indonesia 
1963
Beatles perform as a trio, John Lennon is ill with a cold 
1964
6th Grammy Awards: Days of Wine & Roses, Striesand wins 2 
1964
Jimmy Hoffa sentenced to 8 years 
1964
SN Behrmann's "But for Whom Charlie" premieres in NYC 
1964
WKAB TV channel 32 in Montgomery, AL (ABC) begins broadcasting 
1966
Bobby Hull's 51st goal of season, sets record 
1966
Jockey Johnny Longden retires after 40 years (6,032 wins) 
1966
Love's 1st album released "Love" 
1966
Pioneer Plaza dedicated 
1966
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1967
Austria's Reinhold Bachler ski jumps 505 feet 
1967
Indonesian congress deprives president Sukarno of authority 
1968
Mauritius gains independence from Britain (National Day) 
1968
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1969
11th Grammy Awards: Mrs Robinson, By the Time I Get to Phoenix wins 
1969
120 cannabis joints found at George & Patti Harrison's home 
1970
US lowers voting age from 21 to 18 
1971
Syrian premier Hafez Assad elected president 
1971
Turkish Government of Demirel forced to resign by Army 
1971
Thousands of Belfast shipyard workers march demanding the introduction of Internment for members of the Irish Republican Army 
1972
Judy Rankin wins LPGA Lady Eve Golf Open 
1972
NHL great Gordie Howe retires after 26 seasons 
1974
Bundy victim Donna Manson disappears, Evergreen SC, Olympia, Wash 
1975
Vietcong conquer Ban me Thuot South Vietnam 
1976
South African troops leave Angola 
1977
Chile president Pinochet bans Christian-Democratic Party 
1977
Egypt's Anwar Sadat pledges to regain Arab territory from Israel 
1978
Eric Heiden skates world record 1000m (1:14.99) 
1978
Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Sunstar Golf Classic 
1980
Jury finds John Wayne Gacy guilty of murdering 33 in Chicago 
1980
NY Islanders 3rd scoreless tie, vs Pittsburgh Penguin 
1981
Soyuz T-4 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6 space station 
1981
Stephen Sondheim's musical "Marry Me a Little," premieres in NYC 
1981
Walter R T Witschey installs world's largest sundial, Richmond, VA 
1982
1st-class debut of Courtney Walsh, Jamaica v Leeward Islands 
1982
PLO chief Yassar Arafat appears on "Nightline" 
1983
Don Ritchie runs world record 50 mile (4:51:49) 
1984
National Union of Mine Workers in Britain begins a 51 week strike 
1984
British ice dancing team, Torvill & Dean, become 1st skaters to receive 9 perfect 6.0s in world championships 
1985
Larry Bird scores Boston Celtic record 60 points 
1985
11th People's Choice Awards: Clint Eastwood & Meryl Streep win (Motion Picture) and Tom Selleck, Joan Collins & Linda Evans win (TV) 
1986
210.25 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange 
1986
Susan Butcher wins 1,158 mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race 
1987
"Les Miserables" opens at Broadway/Imperial NYC for 4000+ perfs 
1987
David Robinson scores 50 points in a NCAA basketball game 
1987
Federal judge dismisses lawsuits sought by Oliver North 
1987
Ice Pairs Championship at Cincinnati won by E Gordeeva & Grinkov (URS) 
1987
Men's Fig Skating Championship in Cincinnati won by Brian Orser (CAN) 
1987
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1989
15th People's Choice Awards: Dustin Hoffman & Meryl Streep win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Bill Cosby & Phylicia Rashad win (TV) 
1989
2 cyanide-contaminated Chilean grapes found (Philadelphia) 
1989
Madagascar AREMA party wins parliamentary election 
1990
LA Raiders announce they were returning to Oakland 
1991
5th Soul Train Music Awards: Johnny Gill, Mariah Carey win 
1991
OPEC announces oil production cut to 22.3 Mbbl/d (3,550,000 m3/d) 
1992
Mauritius becomes a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations. 
1993
317 killed by bomb attacks in Bombay 
1993
Cleveland radio station WMMS-FM/101.7 is bought by Disney 
1993
Entertainment Tonight's 3,000th show 
1993
Inkhata leader Mangosuthu Buthelezi begins 2½ week speech 
1994
Church of England ordains 1st 33 women priests 
1995
Congress party loses India national election 
1995
Dottie Mochrie wins LPGA PING/Welch's Golf Championship 
1995
Ice Dance Championship at Birmingham UK won by Gritshuk & Platov (RUS) 
1995
Ice Pairs Championship at Birmingham won by Radka Kovarikova & Rene Novotny 
1995
Lara scores 139 in ODI v Australia at Port-of-Spain 
1995
Letitia Vriesde runs South American indoor record 800m (2:00.35) 
1995
Men's Figure Skating Champions in Birmingham won by Elvis Stojko (CAN) 
1995
Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Birmingham won by Chen Lu (CHN) 
1996
Leeward Islands beat Trinidad by 73 runs to win Red Stripe Trophy 
1998
"Sound of Music," opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC 
1999
Former Warsaw Pact members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland join NATO. 
2003
Zoran Đinđić, Prime Minister of Serbia, is assassinated in Belgrade. 
2003
Elizabeth Smart, was found after having been missing for 9 months. 
2004
Roh Moo-hyun, President of South Korea is impeached by its national assembly for the first time in the nation's history. 
2005
Tung Chee Hwa, the first Chief Executive of Hong Kong, steps down from his post after his resignation is approved by the Chinese central government. 
2011
A reactor at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant melts and explodes and releases radioactivity into the atmosphere a day after Japan's earthquake. 
2012
100 people are killed in ethnic clashes and cattle raids in South Sudan 
2012
45 people, including children, are massacred by the Syrian Army in Homs 
2012
China records its highest trade deficit in over a decade 
2013
JOGMEC becomes the first to successfully extract methane hydrate from seabed deposits 
2013
The 2013 Papal conclave begins with no new Pope elected on the first day 
2014
8 people are killed, 70 are injured, & 2 buildings are leveled by a gas explosion in East Harlem, New York 
2016
Iraqi Officials: IS Chemical Attacks Kill Child, Wound 600 
2016
North Korea Warns of Pre-emptive Strikes Against the South 
2016
Honduras reports death of man with suspected Zika link 
2016
North Korea submarine 'missing' as US-South Korea drills continue 
2016
Police Use Pepper Spray to Disperse Protesters Outside Trump Rally in Kansas City 
2016
NASA Says Scott Kelly, Record-Setting Astronaut, Will Retire 
2016
Snowmobile 'driven into dog-sleds' in Alaska Iditarod race 
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