Today in History - Historical Events - March 1st

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Notable Historical Events on March 1st

1970Charles Manson's album "Lie" is released

1932Charles Lindbergh Jr (20 months), kidnapped in NJ; found dead May 12

1987Jane Geddes wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open

1985Liza Minnelli enters Betty Ford Drug Center

1978Charlie Chaplin's coffin and remains are stolen from a Swiss cemetery

1896Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity.

1954In spring training, baseballer Ted Williams breaks his collarbone

1974George Harrison announces his concert tour of US in November

1988Wayne Gretzky passes Gordie Howe with his record 1,050th NHL assist

317Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius Iunior, son of Emperor Licinius, are made Caesares

1945FDR announces success of Yalta Conference

1633Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.

200317th Soul Train Music Awards: LL Cool J, Mariah Carey & Nelly win

1932The 20 month old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh is kidnapped from their home in East Amwell, New Jersey in what became known as the "Lindbergh kidnapping"

1972Wilt Chamberlain is 1st NBA player to score 30,000 points

1969Jim Morrison arrested for exposing himself at Dinner Key Auditorium

1953Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later.

1936The Hoover Dam is completed.

1996Lenny Wilkens, winningest coach in NBA, coaches his 1,000th victory

1628Writs are issued in February by Charles I of England mandating that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date.

1969NY Yankees' Mickey Mantle retires

1949Joe Louis retires as heavyweight boxing champ

March 1st Historical Events
Date Event
752
Romulus, first king of Rome, celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, following the Rape of the Sabine Women. 
86
Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus. 
BC
AD
293
Roman emperor Maximianus introduces tetrarchy 
317
Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius Iunior, son of Emperor Licinius, are made Caesares 
492
St Felix III ends his reign as Catholic Pope 
492
St Gelasius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope 
705
John VII begins his reign as Catholic Pope 
743
Slave export by Christians to heathen areas prohibited 
918
Balderik becomes bishop of Utrecht 
1260
Hulagu Khan, grandson of Genghis, conquerors Damascus 
1382
French Maillotin uprises against taxes 
1420
Pope Martinus I calls for crusade against the hussieten 
1457
The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination. 
1562
Blood bath at Vassy: Gen de Guise allows 1200 huguenots murder 
1565
Portuguese soldier Estácio de Sá founds the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 
1587
English parliament leader Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower 
1591
Pope Gregory XIV threatens to excommunicate French King Henri IV 
1593
The Uppsala Synod is summoned to confirm the exact forms of the Lutheran Church of Sweden. 
1628
Writs are issued in February by Charles I of England mandating that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date. 
1633
Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu. 
1634
Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians 
1642
Georgeana (York) Maine became the 1st incorporated American city 
1692
Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, & Tituba arrested for witchcraft (Salem, MA) 
1711
"The Spectator" begins publishing (London) 
1780
Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only) 
1781
Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation 
1784
E Kidner opens 1st cooking school, in Great Britain 
1785
Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture organized 
1790
1st US census authorized 
1792
US Presidential Succession Act passed 
1796
1st National Meeting in the Hague 
1803
Ohio becomes 17th state 
1809
Embargo Act of 1807 repealed & Non-Intercourse Act signed 
1811
Egyptian king Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees ceremonial murder of 500 
1811
French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel 
1815
Sunday observance in Netherlands regulated by law 
1840
Adolphe Thiers becomes prime minister of France. 
1845
President Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas 
1847
Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state) 
1852
Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. 
1854
SS City of Glasgow leaves Liverpool harbor & is never seen again 
1854
German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg. 
1859
Present seal of SF adopted (its 2nd) 
1864
Louis Ducos du Hauron patents movie machine (never built) 
1864
Rebecca Lee (US) becomes 1st black woman to receive a medical degree 
1866
Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana 
1867
Howard University, Washington DC, chartered 
1867
Most of Nebraska becomes 37th US state (expanded later) 
1869
Postage stamps showing scenes are issued for 1st time 
1871
J Milton Turner named minister to Liberia 
1872
Yellowstone becomes world's 1st national park 
1873
E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter. 
1875
Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883 
1876
Guernsey Cattle Club forms (Farmington Conn) 
1878
First winter ascent of Aneto 
1879
Library of Hawaii founded 
1886
The Anglo-Chinese School, Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham. 
1890
1st US edition of Sherlock Holmes (Study in Scarlet) published 
1893
Diplomatic Appropriation Act, authorizes the US rank of ambassador 
1896
Battle of Adwa: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians in Ethopia 
1896
Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity. 
1904
England regains cricket Ashes taking a 3-1 series lead v Australia 
1909
1st US university school of nursing established, Univ of Minn 
1910
3 passenger trains buried at Steven's Pass in Cascade Range. 118 die. Worst snow slide in US history 
1912
Capt Albert Berry performs 1st parachute jump from an airplane 
1912
Isabella Goodwin, 1st US woman detective, appointed, NYC 
1913
1st state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND 
1913
Federal income tax takes effect (16th amendment) 
1914
Dutch Minister of war H Colijn named director of British Petroleum 
1914
The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union. 
1916
Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic 
1917
1st federal land bank chartered 
1917
U.S. government releases the plaintext of the Zimmermann Telegram to the public. 
1919
Demonstrations for Korean independence from Japan begin 
1919
March 1st Movement begins in Korea. 
1920
Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Adm Horthy 
1920
Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted 
1921
Australia Cricket team complete 5-0 drubbing of England 
1921
Rwanda ceded to Great Britain 
1921
Sailors revolt in Kronstadt Russia 
1923
Allies occupy Ruhrgebied: killing railroad striker 
1924
Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted 
1927
Bank of Italy becomes a Natl Bank 
1928
Paul Whiteman & orchestra record "Ol' Man River" for Victor Records 
1932
Charles Lindbergh Jr (20 months), kidnapped in NJ; found dead May 12 
1932
12 pro-independence revolutionaries captured in and around Chittagong in Bengal province, British India are sentenced to deportation for life, two to three-year prison terms with the remaining 32 being acquitted. 
1932
The 20 month old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh is kidnapped from their home in East Amwell, New Jersey in what became known as the "Lindbergh kidnapping" 
1933
Bank holidays declared in 6 states, to prevent run on banks 
1934
Henry Pu Yi crowned emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria 
1934
Primo Carnera beats Tommy Loughran in 15 for heavyweight boxing title 
1936
The Hoover Dam is completed. 
1936
A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen's Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union. 
1937
1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct) 
1937
Gov Wouters innaugrates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles 
1937
US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day 
1939
Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump exploded at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94. 
1940
Richard Wright's novel "Native Son" is published 
1941
"Captain America" appears in a comic book 
1941
1st US commercial FM radio station goes on the air, Nashville, Tenn 
1941
Elmer Layden becomes 1st NFL commissioner 
1941
German troops invade Bulgaria 
1941
Himmler inspects Auschwitz concentration camp 
1942
3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, US suffers a major naval defeat 
1942
Baseball decides that players in milt can't play when on furlough 
1942
J Milton Cage Jr's "Imaginary Landscape No 3," premieres in Chicago 
1942
Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java 
1942
Suriname camp for NSB people opens to save Jews 
1942
Tito establishes 2nd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia 
1943
Jewish old age home for disabled in Amsterdam raided 
1944
Massive strikes in Northern Italian towns 
1944
U-358 sinks in Atlantic 
1945
British 43rd Division under Gen Essame occupies Xanten 
1945
Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi 
1945
FDR announces success of Yalta Conference 
1945
Fieldmarshal Kesselring succeeds von Rundstedt as commander 
1945
US infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach 
1946
British government takes control of Bank of England, after 252 years 
1946
Panama accepts its new constitution 
1946
The Bank of England is nationalised. 
1947
International Monetary Fund begins operation 
1949
Joe Louis retires as heavyweight boxing champ 
1949
The Browns, owners of Sportsman's Park, move to evict the Cardinals 
1949
Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch. 
1950
Chiang Kai-shek resumed the presidency of National China on Formosa 
1950
Klaus Fuchs sentenced to 14 years for atomic espionage (London) 
1950
USSR issues golden rubles 
1952
Egyptian government-Ali Maher Pasja resigns 
1952
Helgoland, in North Sea, returned to West Germany by Britain 
1953
Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open 
1953
KAUZ TV channel 6 in Wichita Falls, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting 
1953
KTNT (now KSTW) TV channel 11 in Tacoma-Seattle, WA (IND) begins 
1953
WJZ-AM in NYC becomes WABC; WJZ-TV in Baltimore final transmission 
1953
WTAJ TV channel 10 in Altoona, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting 
1953
Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later. 
1954
4 Puerto Ricans open fire in US house of reps injuring 5 reps 
1954
In spring training, baseballer Ted Williams breaks his collarbone 
1954
Rebellion during visit of pres Naguib in Khartoum Sudan, 30 die 
1954
US explodes Castle Bravo, 15 megaton hydrogen bomb at Bikini Atoll - most powerful nuclear device ever detonated by the US 
1955
Israeli assault on Gaza, kills 48 
1955
KFAR (now KATN) TV channel 2 in Fairbanks, AK (ABC/NBC) 1st broadcast 
1955
Pakistan v India 5 Test Cricket series ends in a 0-0 draw 
1956
The International Air Transport Association finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization. 
1957
"Ziegfeld Follies of 1957" opens at Winter Garden NYC for 123 perfs 
1957
KTWO TV channel 2 in Casper, WY (NBC/ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting 
1957
Kokomo the Chimp becomes Today Show animal editor 
1958
Gary Sobers 365* v Pak, 614 min, 38 fours, best Cricket before Lara 
1958
Sobers completes 446 stand for 2nd wicket with Conrad Hunte, 260 
1958
West Indies cricket declare at stumps score of 3-790 decl v Pakistan 
1958
Samuel Alphonsus Stritch, is appointed Pro-Prefect of the Propagation of Faith and thus becomes the first American member of the Roman Curia. 
1959
Archbishop Makarios returns to Cyprus after 3 years 
1959
Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Golden Triangle Festival Golf Tournament 
1961
Cellist Jacqueline du Prés debut in Wigmore Hall 
1961
President Kennedy establishes the Peace Corp 
1962
American Airlines 707 plunges nose 1st into Jamaica Bay NY killing 95 
1962
K-Mart opens 
1962
US/British nuclear test experiment in Nevada 
1963
200,000 French mine workers strike 
1965
Australia suspends champ swimmer Dawn Fraser for 10-yrs for misconduct 
1965
Gas explosion kills 28 in apartment complex (La Salle, Quebec) 
1965
WPSX TV channel 3 in Clearfield, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1966
Ba'ath-party takes power in Syria 
1966
Venera 3 becomes 1st man-made object to impact on a planet (Venus) 
1967
Dominica & St Lucia gain independence from Britain 
1967
House of Reps expels Rep Adam Clayton Powell Jr (307 to 116) 
1967
Queen Elizabeth Hall (South Bank Center) opens in London 
1967
WMET (now WHSW) TV channel 24 in Baltimore, MD (IND) 1st broadcast 
1968
NBC's unprecedented on-air announcement, Star Trek will return 
1968
Pirate Radio Atlantis South (England) begins test transmitting 
1968
Political Party Radikalen (PPR) established in Netherlands 
1968
Vatican City's Apostolic Constitution of 1967 goes into effect 
1969
"Red, White, & Maddox" closes at Cort Theater NYC after 41 perfs 
1969
After 88 weeks Sgt Pepper drops off the charts 
1969
Jim Morrison arrested for exposing himself at Dinner Key Auditorium 
1969
NY Yankees' Mickey Mantle retires 
1969
Pirate Radio 259 begins operation off the French coast 
1970
Atje Keulen-Deelstra becomes world champion all-round ladies skater 
1970
Charles Manson's album "Lie" is released 
1970
End of US coml whale hunting 
1970
Kreisky's soc-democrats win Austrian parliamentary election 
1970
White government of Rhodesia declares independence from Britain 
1971
Bomb attack on the Capitol in Wash DC 
1971
Clandestine Radio Deutsche Reich (Germany) begins transmitting on FM 
1972
Club of Rome publishes report "Boundaries on the Growth" 
1972
David Rabe's "Sticks & Bones," premieres in NYC 
1972
KHMA TV channel 11 in Houma, LA (IND) begins broadcasting 
1972
Wilt Chamberlain is 1st NBA player to score 30,000 points 
1972
Two Catholic teenagers were shot dead by the Royal Ulster Constabulary while 'joy riding' in a stolen car in Belfast 
1973
Robert Joffrey Dance Company opens 
1973
Robyn Smith becomes 1st female jockey to win a major race 
1974
George Harrison announces his concert tour of US in November 
1974
Ian & Greg Chappell make 264 partnership v NZ cricket at Wellington 
1974
Watergate grand jury indicts 7 presidential aides 
1975
17th Grammy Awards: I Honestly Love You, Marvin Hamlisch win 
1975
Eagles' "Best of My Love" reaches #1 
1975
Colour television transmissions begin in Australia. 
1977
Bank of America adopts the name VISA for their credit cards 
1977
US extends territorial waters to 200 miles 
1978
"Timbuktu!" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 243 performances 
1978
Charlie Chaplin's coffin and remains are stolen from a Swiss cemetery 
1979
"Sweeney Todd" opens at Uris Theater NYC for 557 performances 
1980
CTUC, Commonwealth Trade Union Council, established 
1980
Hilbert van der Duim becomes world champion all-round skater 
1980
Patti Smith & MC5 guitarist Fred Sonic Smith wed in Detroit 
1980
Snow falls in Florida 
1980
The US enacts the Crude Oil Windfall Profit Tax Act as part of a compromise between the Carter Administration and the Congress over the decontrol of crude oil prices 
1981
"Sophisticated Ladies" opens at Lunt-Fontanne NYC for 767 perfs 
1981
Sally Little wins LPGA Olympia Gold Golf Classic 
1981
Republican prisoners in the Maze began a second hunger strike; among the prisoners is Bobby Sands 
1982
5 dies as ski lift malfunctions a Luz-Ardiden in Pyrenees 
1982
5th Emmy Sports Award presentation 
1982
NY Times raises it's price from 25 cents to 30 cents 
1982
Russian spacecraft Venera 14 lands on Venus, sends back data 
1983
Tamara McKinney becomes 1st US woman skier to win the World Cup 
1983
Tornado tears through LA, injuring 33 people 
1984
Landsat 5 & ham satellite Oscar 11 launched into polar orbit 
1984
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR #3931 Batten, #4529 Webern, #4530 Smoluchowski, #4818 Elgar, #5502 Brashear & #5943 Lovi 
1985
Liza Minnelli enters Betty Ford Drug Center 
1985
Milwaukee businessman Herb Kohl purchases the Milwaukee Bucks 
1985
Pentagon accepts theory that atomic war would cause a nuclear winter 
1987
Jane Geddes wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open 
1988
Courtney Gibbs Eplin, 21, (Texas), crowned 37th Miss USA 
1988
Iraq says it launched 16 missiles into Tehran 
1988
Pontiac announces the end of the Fiero automobile 
1988
Wayne Gretzky passes Gordie Howe with his record 1,050th NHL assist 
1989
Ben Johnson's coach testifies Johnson began using steroids in 1981 
1989
Comet du Toit at perihelion 
1989
The United States becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty. 
1990
Benin nullifies its constitution 
1990
Luis Alberto Lacelle sworn in as president of Uruguay 
1990
Steve Jackson Games is raided by the United States Secret Service, prompting the later formation of the Electronic Frontier Foundation. 
1991
US Embassy in Kuwait officially reopens 
1992
"Little Hotel on the Side" closes at Belasco NYC after 41 perfs 
1992
"Visit" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 45 performances 
1992
Jenny Thompson swims 100m freestyle world record (1:01.40) 
1992
Nelson Diebel swims 100m freestyle US record (54.48 secs) 
1993
Authorities near Waco, Texas negotiate with Branch Davidians 
1993
George Steinbenner is reinstated as owner of NY Yankees 
1993
New expansion NHL team, owned by Disney, is named the Mighty Ducks 
1994
36th Grammy Awards: I Will Always Love You, Toni Braxton wins 
1994
Martti Ahtisaari inaugurated as president of Finland 
1994
Senate rejectes a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution 
1995
37th Grammy Awards: All I Want to Do, Streets of Phila, Sheryl Crow 
1995
Belgium ends military conscript 
1995
Jozef Oleksy succeeds Waldemar Pawlak on as premier of Poland 
1995
Julio Maria Sanguinetti sworn in as president of Uruguay 
1995
Part of Houston begins using new area code 281 
1995
Ukraine premier Vitaly Massol, resigns 
1996
Lenny Wilkens, winningest coach in NBA, coaches his 1,000th victory 
1996
New toll-free 888 area code introduced 
1996
Plans approved allowing traffic cameras High Harrington & Shap England 
1997
"Mandy Patinkin in Concert," opens at Lyceum Theater NYC 
1997
5th annual ESPY Awards shown on TV 
1998
"Art," opens at Royale Theater NYC 
1998
Australian Ladies Masters Golf 
2000
The Constitution of Finland is rewritten. 
2000
Hans Blix assumes the position of Executive Chairman of UNMOVIC. 
2002
The peseta is discontinued as official currency of Spain and is replaced with the euro (€). 
2002
U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins in eastern Afghanistan. 
2002
The Envisat environmental satellite successfully reaches an orbit 800 kilometers (500 miles) above the Earth on its 11th launch, carrying the heaviest payload to date at 8500 kilograms (9.5 tons). 
2003
Management of the United States Customs Service and the United States Secret Service move to the United States Department of Homeland Security. 
2003
17th Soul Train Music Awards: LL Cool J, Mariah Carey & Nelly win 
2004
Terry Nichols is convicted of state murder charges and being an accomplice to Oklahoma City bomber Timothy McVeigh. 
2004
Mohammed Bahr al-Uloum becomes President of Iraq. 
2006
Tarja Halonen is inaugurated as President of Finland for the second and last time. 
2006
English-language Wikipedia reaches its one millionth article, Jordanhill railway station. 
2007
Tornadoes swarm across the southern United States, killing at least 20; eight of the deaths were at a high school in Enterprise, Alabama. 
2007
"Squatters" are evicted from Ungdomshuset in Copenhagen, Denmark, provoking the March 2007 Denmark Riots. 
2012
Euro zone unemployment reaches historical high of 10.7% 
2013
The 2013 US budget sequestration comes into effect 
2013
14 people are killed in the Lahad Datu standoff between Malaysian government and rebel forces 
2014
34th Golden Raspberry Awards: Movie 43 wins 
2014
29 people are killed & 130 are injured by a group of knife-wielding terrorists at Kunming Railway Station, China 
2016
Navy SEAL who rescued American hostage awarded Medal of Honor 
2016
Obama to attend historic baseball game in Cuba 
2016
Trump rivals call for release of NY Times editorial board tape 
2016
NATO chief says concerned about Russian military build-up in Syria 
2016
Leonardo DiCaprio wins best actor Oscar for 'The Revenant' 
2017
Obamas Make Book Deal With Penguin Random House 
2017
Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross wore $500 slippers to Trump's address 
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