Today in History - Historical Events - July 31st

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Notable Historical Events on July 31st

1997A's trade Mark McGwire to St Louis Cardinals

1993A's trade Rickey Henderson to Blue Jays

1987Oriole Eddie Murray hits his 299th & 300th career home runs

1966Alabamans burn Beatle products due to John Lennon's anti-Jesus remark

1864Ulysses S. Grant is named General of Volunteers

30 BCBattle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves a minor victory over Octavian's forces, but most of his army subsequently deserts, leading to his suicide.

1930Lou Gehrig grand slams as Yanks beat Red Sox 14-13

1973ABA Virginia Squires trade Julius Erving to NY Nets

1703Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory for the crime of seditious libel after publishing a politically satirical pamphlet, but is pelted with flowers.

1990Nolan Ryan becomes 20th major league pitcher to win 300 games

1498Christopher Columbus on his third voyage discovers the island of Trinidad

1978Pete Rose ties NL record hitting streak at 44

July 31st Historical Events
Date Event
30
Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves a minor victory over Octavian's forces, but most of his army subsequently deserts, leading to his suicide. 
BC
AD
432
St Sixtus III begins his reign as Catholic Pope 
768
[Philip] begins & ends his reign as Catholic Pope 
781
The oldest recorded eruption of Mt. Fuji (Traditional Japanese date: July 6, 781). 
1291
Egyptian Mamelukken occupies Akko, crusaders driven out of Palestine 
1423
Hundred Years' War: Battle of Cravant - the French army is defeated at Cravant on the banks of the river Yonne. 
1451
Jacques Cœur is arrested by order of Charles VII of France. 
1498
Christopher Columbus on his third voyage discovers the island of Trinidad 
1620
Pilgrim Fathers depart Leiden for England before heading to America 
1653
Fronde-leaders surrender in Bordeaux 
1655
Russo-Polish War (1654-1667): the Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years. 
1658
Aurangzeb appoints himself Mongol emperor 
1664
Pierre Corneille's "Othon" premieres in Paris 
1667
Peace of Breda: 2nd English war-Suriname vs New-Netherlands ends 
1703
Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory for the crime of seditious libel after publishing a politically satirical pamphlet, but is pelted with flowers. 
1718
Battle at Cape Passaro: English fleet destroys Spanish 
1737
Prince Frederick of Wales escapes English court 
1741
Charles Albert of Bavaria invades Upper Austria and Bohemia. 
1751
Fire in Stockholm destroys 1,000 houses 
1771
Paul Potters "Great ossendrift" sold for Ÿ9050 in Amsterdam 
1777
Marquis de Lafayette, 19, made major-general of Continental Army 
1790
1st US patent granted, to Samuel Hopkins for a potash process 
1792
Cornerstone laid for 1st US government building: US Mint in Philaelphia 
1794
All Jacobijnse clubs together in Haarlem 
1809
1st practical US railroad track (wooden, for horse-drawn cars), Phila 
1813
British invade Plattsburgh NY 
1849
Benjamin Chambers patents breech loading cannon 
1852
Hottest July in Netherlands since at least 1783 (68.4°F (20.2°C) avg) 
1855
Hottest July in Stockholm since at least 1756 (21.4°C avg) 
1856
Christchurch, New Zealand, is chartered as a city. 
1861
9,300 mm rainfall in July in Cherrapunji, Assam: world record 
1864
Ulysses S. Grant is named General of Volunteers 
1865
The first narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Australia. 
1874
Patrick Francis Healy, SJ, inaugurated as pres of Georgetown U 
1876
US Coast Guard officers' training school established (New Bedford MA) 
1879
The first cable connection between South Africa and Europe is laid by the British electrical engineer Charles Tilston Bright as part of his project to link the British Empire with growing telecommunications technologies 
1893
Henry Perky patents shredded wheat 
1893
Gaelic League is founded by Douglas Hyde and Eoin MacNeill in order to encourage Irish people to speak the language and take a greater interest in their culture 
1899
Albert Trott hits Monty Noble over the Pavilion at Lord's 
1900
Boer Generals Prinsloo & Roux surrender in Brandwater Basin 
1901
Abraham Kuyper becomes premier of Netherlands 
1905
Matumbi rebellion at Samanga German East Africa 
1909
Bill Burns has no-hitter broken up with 2 outs in 9th 
1910
Chic Cub King Cole no-hits St Louis, 4-0 in a 7 inning game 
1910
Clement van Maasdijk gives flying demonstration 
1911
Hungarian education is only taught in German 
1912
RBC soccer team forms in Roosendaal 
1912
US government prohibits movies & photos of prize fights (censorship) 
1914
German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize 
1914
Oil discovered in Lake of Maracaibo 
1917
3rd battle of Ypres begins 
1919
Germany accepts Weimar Constitution 
1922
18-year-old Ralph Samuelson rides world's 1st water skis (Minn) 
1922
General strike in Italy against fascist violence 
1923
Belgian Chamber discusses bilinguality at Ghent University 
1925
Last allied occupying troops leave Ruhrgebied 
1925
Unemployment Insurance Act passed in Britain 
1928
1st woman to win a track and field olympic gold medal, Halina Konopacka of Poland 
1929
Aristide Briand becomes premier of France 
1930
Lou Gehrig grand slams as Yanks beat Red Sox 14-13 
1932
27th Davis Cup: France beats USA in Paris (3-2) 
1932
Cleveland Municipal Stadium opens-Phila A's beat Indians 1-0 
1932
George Washington quarter goes into circulation 
1932
German Election (NSDAP gets 37.3%) 
1934
29th Davis Cup: Great Britain beats USA in Wimbledon (4-1) 
1934
St Louis Cards defeat Cin Reds 8-6 in 18 innings, pitchers Dizzy Dean & Tony Freitos go the distant 
1935
3rd Dutch government of Colijn sworn in 
1936
Tokyo Japan is awarded the 1940 Olympics (later cancelled) 
1937
Politburo enables Operative Order 00447: execute 193,000 Russians 
1938
NY Yanks suspend Jake Powell, after he said on Chicago radio he'd "hit every colored person in Chicago over head with a club" 
1938
Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius in Persepolis. 
1940
38 U boats sinks this month (196,000 ton) 
1940
Riechskommissar Seyss-Inquart bans homosexuals 
1941
U boats sink 21 allied ships this month: 94,000 ton 
1942
German SS gases 1,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia 
1942
U-boats sank 96 allied ships this month: 476,000 ton 
1943
Transport nr 58 departs with French Jews to nazi Germany 
1944
Last deportation train out Mechelen departs to Auschwitz 
1944
Transport nr 77 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany 
1944
US troops occupy Sansapor, New-Guinea 
1945
Pierre Laval, the fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria. 
1948
"Brigadoon" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 581 performances 
1948
US President Harry Truman dedicates Idlewild Field (now Kennedy Airport), NY 
1949
Lightning strikes a baseball field in Fla, kills SS & 3rd baseman 
1951
Japan Airlines is established. 
1953
Dept of Health, Education & Welfare created 
1954
Mil Braves' Joe Adcock sets record of 18 total bases (4 hrs, 1 double) 
1954
First ascent of K2, by an Italian expedition led by Ardito Desio. 
1955
Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Battle Creek Golf Open 
1955
KRNT (now KCCI) TV channel 8 in Des Moines, IA (CBS) 1st broadcast 
1955
WHIS (now WVVA) TV channel 6 in Bluefield, WV (NBC) 1st broadcast 
1956
Laker takes 10-53 in Australia's 2nd innings, 19-90 for match 
1958
Anti-Chinese uprising in Tibet 
1959
1st exhibit of bongos at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opens 
1960
Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, calls for a black state 
1960
KSOO (now KSFY) TV channel 13 in Sioux Falls, SD (NBC) 1st broadcast 
1960
Patty Berg wins LPGA American Women's Golf Open 
1961
31st All Star Baseball Game: 1-1 tie ends by rain at Fenway, Boston 
1961
Israel welcomes its 1,000,000th immigrant 
1962
Federation of Malaysia forms 
1962
Statham is Test cricket's leading wkt-taker (229), beating Lindwall 
1963
Arturo Illia elected president of Argentina 
1963
Cleve ties record of 4 consecutive HRS (Held, Ramos, Francona, Brown) 
1963
Indians' Woodie Held, Pedro Ramos, Tito Francona, & Larry Brown hit consecutive home runs in one inning (vs California Angels) 
1964
Al Parker glides 644 miles without a motor 
1964
Rolling Stone concert in Ireland halts after 12 minutes due to riot 
1964
US Ranger 7 takes 4,316 pictures before crashing on Moon 
1965
Cigarette advertsing banned on British TV 
1966
Alabamans burn Beatle products due to John Lennon's anti-Jesus remark 
1967
Rolling Stone Mick Jagger & Keith Richards end 1 month jail sentence 
1968
Beatles close Apple Boutique, giving clothes away for free 
1969
KWIH TV channel 44 in Winona, MN (IND) begins broadcasting 
1969
Mariner 6 flies past Mars 
1969
National Guard mobilizes in racial disturbances in Baton Rouge, La 
1970
37th NFL Chicago All Star Game: Kansas City 24, All Stars 3 (69,940) 
1970
Chet Huntley retires from NBC, ends "Huntley-Brinkley Report" 
1970
Black Tot Day: the last day of the officially sanctioned rum ration in the Royal Navy. 
1970
Daniel O'Hagan (19), a Catholic civilian, is shot dead by the British Army during a serious riot in the New Lodge Road area of Belfast, Northern Ireland 
1971
Apollo 15 astronauts take 6½ hour electric car ride on Moon 
1971
Deventer Soccer team Go Ahead Eagles forms 
1971
Venezuela's Hydrocarbons Reversion Law mandates gradual transfer to government ownership of all "unexploited concession areas" by 1974 and "all their residual assets" by 1983 
1972
Dick Allen is 7th to hit 2 inside-the-park homers in a game 
1972
Thomas Eagleton withdraws as Democratic VP candidate 
1972
Operation Motorman: the British Army use 12,000 soldiers supported by tanks and bulldozers to re-take the "no-go areas" controlled by the Provisional Irish Republican Army 
1972
Claudy bombing: nine civilians were killed when three car bombs exploded in County Londonderry, North Ireland; no group has since claimed responsibility 
1973
ABA Virginia Squires trade Julius Erving to NY Nets 
1973
Delta Airlines DC-9 crashes in fog at Logan Airport, Boston, killing all but one of 89 aboard. Lone survivor dies 6 months later 
1973
Frank Hayes scores 106 on Test Cricket debut v WI as England lose 
1975
The Miami Showband killings: Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF), a loyalist paramilitary group, shoot dead three members of an Irish showband at Buskhill, County Down, Ireland 
1976
Seychelles Independence (Independence day) 
1976
Waldemar Cierpinski runs Olympic marathon (2:09:55.0) 
1977
Debbie Austin wins LPGA Pocono Northeast Golf Classic 
1977
E Henry Knoche, ends term as deputy director of CIA 
1977
John F Blake promoted from acting to deputy director of CIA 
1978
Gunman shoots his way into Iraqi Embassy in Paris 
1978
NY Yanks now 7½ out of 1st, picked up 7 games in previous 2 weeks 
1978
Pete Rose ties NL record hitting streak at 44 
1979
"But Never Jam Today" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 7 performances 
1980
John Phillips of Mamas & Papas is arrested on drug charges 
1980
Rangers snap Orioles pitcher Steve Stone's 14-game winning streak 
1980
Soyuz 37 crew returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 36 
1980
USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1981
42 day old, 2nd major league baseball strike ends 
1981
Arnette Hubbard installed as 1st woman president of Natl Bar Association 
1982
46 kids & 7 adults die as 2 buses & several cars collide in France 
1982
Car/bus collision near Beaune, France, 53 die 
1982
Finland, Italy, Germany, Austria & France form American European Football Federation (AEFF) 
1982
USSR performs nuclear Test 
1983
38th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Jan Stephenson 
1983
B Robinson, J Marichal, G Kell, & W Alston inducted into Hall of Fame 
1983
Dutch July avg temp is 20.1°C; warmest July since 1852 
1984
Leeza Gibbon's 1st appearance on Entertainment Tonight 
1984
US men's gymnastics team won team gold medal at LA Summer Olympics 
1984
Venz commandos terminate hijacking of an aircraft, 2 killed 
1987
"Living Daylights" premieres in US 
1987
Battle between Iranian pilgrims & Saudi-Arabian troops, 402 killed 
1987
Guns & Roses song "Appetite for Destruction" is released 
1987
Oriole Eddie Murray hits his 299th & 300th career home runs 
1987
Rockwell International awarded contract to build a 5th shuttle 
1987
A rare, class F-4 tornado rips through Edmonton, Alberta, killing 27 people and causing $330 million in damage. 
1988
Ayako Okamoto wins LPGA Greater Washington Golf Open 
1988
Jose Canseco is 1st to hit 30 HRs in 1st 3 years 
1988
Last Playboy club closes (Lansing Michigan) 
1988
Miami Dolphins beat SF 49ers 27-21 in London 
1988
Willie Stargell became 200th man inducted in Baseball's Hall of Fame 
1988
32 people are killed and 1,674 injured when a bridge at the Sultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal collapses in Butterworth, Malaysia. 
1989
Twins trade AL Cy Young Award winner Frank Viola to Mets 
1990
Bosnia-Hercegovina declares independence 
1990
Nolan Ryan becomes 20th major league pitcher to win 300 games 
1991
Russia & US sign long range nuclear weapons reduction pact 
1991
Senate votes to allow women to fly combat aircraft 
1991
The Medininkai Massacre in Lithuania. Soviet OMON attacks Lithuanian customs post in Medininkai, killing 7 officers and severely wounding one other. 
1992
Jeff Rouse swims world record/OR 100m backstroke (53.86 sec) 
1992
Kieren John Perkins swims world record/OR 1500m free style (14:43.4) 
1992
Tamas Darnyi swims world record/Olympics 200m backstroke (1:59.36) 
1992
Thai Airbus crashes into mountain at Kathmandu, 113 die 
1992
Yang Wenyi swims world record/OR 50m freestyle (24.79 sec) 
1993
A's trade Rickey Henderson to Blue Jays 
1993
Allman Bros guitarist Dickey Betts arrested for shoving 2 cops 
1993
Inkatha-arm forces killed 49 ANC-followers in Johannesburg 
1993
Prince Ronald "Ronnie" Mutebi crowned king of Uganda 
1994
102.7°F (39.3°C) in Pleschen, East-Germany 
1994
28th Curtis Cup: Draw, 9-9 
1994
Arcen Limburg averages 71.6°F (22.0°C) in July: record 
1994
Helen Alfredss wins LPGA Ping Welch's Golf Championship 
1994
Netherlands' warmest July since 1783 - average 21.4°C 
1994
Phil Rizzuto (Yanks) & Steve Carlton (Phils) enter the Hall of Fame 
1994
Sergei Bubka ploe vaults his 35th world record (6.14 m) 
1994
Stockholm averages 21.5°C; the warmest July since 1855 
1994
UN votes 12-0 (2 abstentions) to authorize use of force against Haiti 
1997
A's trade Mark McGwire to St Louis Cardinals 
1999
Discovery Program: Lunar Prospector - NASA intentionally crashes the spacecraft into the Moon, thus ending its mission to detect frozen water on the moon's surface. 
2002
Polaroid Corporation is purchased by One Equity Partners, creating a new company that now operates under the Polaroid Corporation name, launching a new era for Polaroid. 
2006
Fidel Castro hands over power temporarily to brother Raúl Castro. This leads to a celebration in Little Havana (La Pequeña Habana in Spanish), Miami, Florida, where many Cuban Americans participated. 
2007
Operation Banner, the presence of the British Army in Northern Ireland, and longest-running British Army operation ever, comes to an end. 
2012
Two car bombs kill 21 people in Baghdad, Iraq 
2012
A second power grid failure in two days leaves 670 million people in India without power 
2016
US skydiver jumps without parachute into net from 25000ft 
2016
Game of Thrones to end after season eight in 2018 
2016
Texas hot air balloon crash: 'No survivors' among 16 on board 
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