Today in History - Historical Events - July 23rd

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Notable Historical Events on July 23rd

1946Menachem Begin's Zionist militant group Irgun bombs the King David Hotel, the then British administrative headquarters for Palestine

1979George Brett gets his 1,000th hit

1925NY Yankee Lou Gehrig hits his 1st of 23 career grand slammers

1961Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Cosmopolitan Golf Open

1978Reggie Jackson returns & helps Yankees win their 5th straight

1972Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Raleigh Golf Classic

1938Bradman scores 103 in 178 mins on a Headingley sticky, 3rd Test

2006135th British Golf Open: Tiger Woods shoots a 270 at Royal Liverpool Golf Club

1956Joe Cronin & Hank Greenberg inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame

196015th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Betsy Rawls

1798Napoleon captures Alexandria, Egypt

1976Balt Oriole Reggie Jackson homers in 6th straight game

1934Bradman completes 304 at Headingley, 430 mins, 43 fours 2 sixes

1959VP Richard Nixon begins visit on USSR

1980River of No Return Wilderness Area designated by Jimmy Carter

1726Benjamin Franklin sails back to Philadelphia

1995124th British Golf Open: John Daly shoots a 282 at St Andrews Scotland

1942Hitler's Directive #45: order to occupy Stalingrad

July 23rd Historical Events
Date Event
636
Arabs gain control of most of Palestine from Byzantine Empire 
685
John V begins his reign as Catholic Pope 
1148
Crusaders attack Damascus 
1215
Frederick II crowned King of the Romans (King of the Germans) in Aachen 
1253
Jews are expelled from Vienne France by order of Pope Innocent IV 
1298
Rindfleisch Persecutions - Jewish community in Wurzburg Germany massacred 
1431
G Cesarini opens Counsil of Basel (Ferrara/Florence) 
1453
Battle at Gavere: Philip the Good beats Gentse rebellion 
1532
Emperor Charles V and the Schmalkaldic League sign Peace of Nuremberg 
1540
Turkey recognizes Janos Sigismund Zapolyai as vassal-king of Hungary 
1558
Battle of Grevelingen: Gen/earl Lamoraal of Egmont beat France 
1572
William of Orange's troops occupy Roermond on the Spanjaarden 
1594
Groningen surrenders to earl Mauritius/Willem Louis 
1599
Caravaggio's 1st public commission for paintings 
1632
Three hundred colonists bound for New France depart from Dieppe, France. 
1664
4 British ships to drive Dutch out of NY, arrive in Boston 
1726
Benjamin Franklin sails back to Philadelphia 
1745
Charles Stuart, the Younger, lands at Eriskay Island, Hebrides 
1764
James Otis publishes views on taxation without representation 
1793
The Prussians conquer Mayence. 
1798
Napoleon captures Alexandria, Egypt 
1803
Robert Emmett leads rebellion in Dublin 
1812
Battle of Mogilev Russia-Napoleon fights Tsar Alexander I 
1827
1st US swimming school opens (Boston Mass) 
1829
William Austin Burt patents "typographer" (typewriter) 
1833
Cornerstones are laid for the construction of the Kirtland Temple in Kirtland, Ohio. 
1834
HMS Beagle anchors in Bay of Valparaiso 
1840
Union Act passed by British Parliament, uniting Upper & Lower Canada 
1848
Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts 
1850
17th Postmaster General: Nathan K Hall of NY takes office 
1851
Treaty of Traverse des Sioux signed by Sioux Indians & US 
1852
1st interment in US National Cemetery at Presidio 
1858
Jewish Disabilities Removal Act passed by British Parliament 
1863
Alexandra Park opens in North London 
1864
Battle of Woodstock, VA 
1866
Cincinnati Baseball club (Red Stockings) forms 
1870
Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France 
1874
Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos is appointed the Archbishop of the Portuguese colonial enclave of Goa. 
1877
1st US municipal railroad, Cincinnati Southern, begins operations 
1877
1st telephone & telegraph line in Hawaii completed 
1880
1st commercial hydroelectric power planet begins, Grand Rapids, Michigan 
1886
Steve Brodie supposedly survives plunge from Brooklyn Bridge 
1888
John Boyd Dunlop applies to patent pneumatic tire 
1890
Jack Barrett carries his cricket bat for Australia at Lord's (67) 
1890
14th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Willoughby Hamilton beats W Renshaw (6-8 6-2 3-6 6-1 6-1) 
1900
Pan-African Congress meets in London 
1900
The Canadian government reviews immigration policy, prohibiting criminals and paupers from landing in Canada 
1904
Ice cream cone created by during St Louis World Fair - reputedly first by Charles E Menches 
1906
Pogroms against Jews in Oddessa 
1907
7th Davis Cup: Australasia beats British Isles in Wimbledon (3-2) 
1913
Arabs attack Jewish community of Rechovot Palestine 
1914
Austria-Hungary presents an ultimatum to Serbia; that A-H demands acceptance within 48 hours make peacekeeping difficult 
1917
Cleveland Metropolitan Park District establishes 
1920
British East Africa renamed Kenya & becomes a British crown colony 
1921
Chinese communist party forms under guidance of Henk Sneevliet 
1921
Edward Gourdin of US sets long jump record at 25' 2 3/4" 
1925
NY Yankee Lou Gehrig hits his 1st of 23 career grand slammers 
1926
Belgian NMBS/SNCFB forms 
1926
French government of Poincaré forms 
1929
The Fascist government in Italy bans the use of foreign words. 
1930
Earthquake strikes Ariano Italy, 1,500 killed 
1930
Pitts Pie Traynor ends both games with HRs (1st in 9th, 2nd in 13th) 
1931
Ashmore & Cartier Is in Indian Ocean transferred to Australia 
1931
France announces it can't afford to send a team to 1932 LA olympics 
1934
Bradman completes 304 at Headingley, 430 mins, 43 fours 2 sixes 
1936
Anthony M Kennedy, Sacramento CA, Supreme Court Justice 
1937
Isolation of pituitary hormone announced (Yale University) 
1938
Bradman scores 103 in 178 mins on a Headingley sticky, 3rd Test 
1940
"Blitz" all-night air raid by German bombers on London begins 
1942
German troops conquer Rostow 
1942
Hitler's Directive #45: order to occupy Stalingrad 
1942
World War II: Operation Edelweiss (a German plan to gain control over the Caucasus) begins. 
1943
Battle of Koersk, USSR ends in Nazi defeat (6,000 tanks) 
1943
US 45th Infantry division occupies north coast of Termini 
1944
Chicago Cubs Bill Nicholson hits 4 HRs in a doubleheader 
1944
Conference of Bretton Woods signed; IMF operations begin 
1944
Soviet Army marches into Lublin Poland 
1944
US forces invade Japanese-held Tinian in WW II 
1944
US troops occupy Pisa Italy 
1945
Marshal Henri Pétain, leader Vichy-regime, goes on trial 
1946
Menachem Begin's Zionist militant group Irgun bombs the King David Hotel, the then British administrative headquarters for Palestine 
1947
1st (US Navy) air squadron of jets, Quonset Point, RI 
1948
Progressive party convention nominates Henry Wallace for President 
1949
Test Cricket debut of Brian Close aged 18 years 149 days 
1952
General Neguib seizes power, Monarchy overthrown in Egypt (Natl Day) 
1955
NY Yankees Bob Cerv & E Howard are 1st to hit consecutive pinch HRs 
1956
Bell X-2 rocket plane sets world aircraft speed record of 3,050 kph 
1956
Joe Cronin & Hank Greenberg inducted into Baseball Hall of Fame 
1956
The Loi Cadre is passed by the French Republic in order to order French overseas territory affairs. 
1958
1st 4 women named to peerage in House of Lords 
1959
VP Richard Nixon begins visit on USSR 
1960
15th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Betsy Rawls 
1961
Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Cosmopolitan Golf Open 
1961
Bricusse & Newley's musical "Stop the world I want to ..." premieres 
1962
The International Agreement on the Neutrality of Laos is signed. 
1964
As' Bert Campaneris HRs on 1st pitch, hits a 2nd HR on 2nd at bat 
1964
Egyptian munition ship "Star of Alexandria" explodes at dockside in Bone, Algeria. 100 die, 160 injured, $20 million damage 
1965
Beatles "Help" is released in UK 
1965
Dick Stuart homers in a major league-record 23rd different park 
1966
Cavern Club in Liverpool reopens 
1966
John Pennel pole vaults record (5.34 m) 
1966
Napoleon XIV releases "They're Coming to Take Me Away, Ha! Ha!" 
1967
-27] 43 die in race riot in Detroit (2,000 injured, 442 fires) 
1967
Pirate Radio Swinging Scotland closes down for financial reasons 
1968
Fred Blasie wins 5th wrestling world championship belt 
1968
PLO's 1st hijacking of an El Al plane 
1968
Race riot in Cleveland, 11 including 3 police officers killed 
1969
40th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 9-3 at RFK Memorial, Wash DC 
1969
All star MVP: Willie McCovey (SF Giants) 
1969
USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1970
Qaboos ibn Sa'id becomes Sultan of Oman after overthrowing his father, Sa'id ibn Taimur. 
1970
A ban on parades and public processions until January 1971 is announced by the Stormont government (North Ireland Parliament) 
1971
The British Army carry out early morning raids across Northern Ireland and arrest 48 people 
1972
1st Earth Resources Technology Satellite (ERTS) is launched 
1972
Eddy Merckx (Belgium) wins his 4th consecutive Tour de France 
1972
Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Raleigh Golf Classic 
1973
Ozark AL plane knocked out of air by lightning, St Louis-36 die 
1973
Qaboos bin Said Al Said becomes Sultan & Prime Minister of Oman 
1973
USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1973
Pres Nixon refuses to release Watergate tapes of conversations in the White House relevant to the Watergate investigation 
1974
45th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-2 at 3 Rivers Stadium, Pitts 
1974
All star MVP: Steve Garvey (LA Dodgers) 
1974
Greek military dictatorship collapses 
1975
Alan Ayckbourn's "Absent Friends" premieres in London 
1975
LA Dodgers W Crawford & Lee Lacy are 5th to hit consecutive pinch HRs 
1976
42nd NFL Chicago All Star Game: Pittsburgh 24, All Stars 0 (52,895) 
1976
Balt Oriole Reggie Jackson homers in 6th straight game 
1976
France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island 
1976
USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1976
Wings release "Let 'em In" 
1977
Washington jury convicts 12 Hanafi Moslems on hostage charges 
1978
33rd US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Hollis Stacy 
1978
Israeli government rejects Sadat's call for return of 2 Sinai areas 
1978
Phillies Steve Carlton becomes 78th pitcher to win 200 
1978
Reggie Jackson returns & helps Yankees win their 5th straight 
1979
George Brett gets his 1,000th hit 
1980
Billy Carter admits to being paid by Libya 
1980
River of No Return Wilderness Area designated by Jimmy Carter 
1980
Soyuz 37 ferries 2 cosmonauts (1 Vietnamese) to Salyut 6 
1982
FCC approves AM stereo radio, KTSA San Antonio goes stereo 
1982
Intl Whaling Comn votes for total ban on coml whaling (starting 1985) 
1983
Gimli Glider: Air Canada Flight 143 runs out of fuel and makes a deadstick landing at Gimli, Manitoba. 
1984
KC Royals Dan Quisenberry gets his 200th career save 
1984
Suzette Charles (NJ), 21, replaces Williams as 57th Miss America 1984 
1984
Vanessa Williams, 1st African American Miss America, resigns due to posing nude 
1986
King Hassan II meets with Israeli premier Simon Peres 
1987
Petra Felke (E Ger) throws javelin 78.89 m (women's record) 
1987
RNI (Brooklyn New York pirate radio station) begins broadcasting on 1620 AM 
1987
Red Sox waive Bill Buckner, the goat of last year's World Series 
1987
Said Aouita of Morocco runs world record 5,000 m (12:58.39) 
1988
Saskatchewan's Dave Ridgway kicks record 8 field goals vs Edmonton 
1989
118th British Golf Open: Mark Calcavecchia shoots a 275 at Royal Troon 
1989
Amy Alcott wins LPGA Boston Five Golf Classic 
1989
FOX-TV tops ABC, NBC & CBS for 1st time (America's Most Wanted) 
1989
Winds gust to 85 MPH at Fort Smith, Arkansas 
1990
Rosie Jones (St Louis), 26, crowned 22nd Miss Black America 
1990
South Africa workers' union leader Billy Nair arrested 
1991
James Farentino of Dynasty arrested in Canada for cocaine possession 
1991
Rob Dibble back from 3-game suspension, is ejected for throwing at & hitting Cubs baserunner Doug Dascenzo Cubs win, 8-5 
1992
Bruce Springsteen begins a world tour 
1992
Emperor Haile Selassie, [Ras Tafari Makonnen] of Ethiopia's, funeral 
1993
Boon completes 17th Test Cricket century, 107 at Headingley 
1993
China Northwest Airlines BAe146-300 crashes at Yinchuan, 55 killed 
1993
Chris Boardman bicycles world record 1 hour distance (52,270 km) 
1993
NY Yankee Mark Hutton is 1st Australian to be a starting pitcher, He beats Angels 5-2; Yanks, Red Sox, Blue Jays 3 way tie for 1st 
1994
All 40,000 ceiling tiles in Kingdome must be replaced 
1994
Amy Osmond of Utah, 17, crowned America's Junior Miss 
1994
Dancer Gene Kelly suffers a mild stroke 
1994
Don Mattingly becomes 6th NY Yankee to get 2,000 hits 
1994
Goodwill Games open in St Petersburg 
1994
Longest baseball rain delay (3:39) as Giants beat Mets 4-2 in NYC 
1994
Space shuttle STS-65: Columbia 17, lands after record 14 days 55 mins 
1995
"Hamlet" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 121 performances 
1995
124th British Golf Open: John Daly shoots a 282 at St Andrews Scotland 
1995
Miguel Indurains wins his 5th Tour de France 
1995
Tracy Kerdyk wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Golf Classic 
1995
Comet Hale-Bopp is discovered and becomes visible to the naked eye nearly a year later. 
1997
Dallas TV Station KXAS settle with Dallas Cowboys Michael Irvin & Erik Williams for reporting false sex assault allegations against them 
1997
The US State Department rules that Turkey's agreement to purchase $23 billion worth of natural gas from Iran does not violate the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act 
1999
Crown Prince Mohammed Ben Al-Hassan is crowned King Mohammed VI of Morocco on the death of his father. 
1999
ANA Flight 61 is hijacked in Tokyo, Japan. 
2000
129th British Golf Open: Tiger Woods shoots a 269 at Royal Lytham 
2000
55th US Women's Open Golf Championship 
2005
Three bombs explode in the Naama Bay area of Sharm el-Sheikh, Egypt, killing 88 people. 
2006
135th British Golf Open: Tiger Woods shoots a 270 at Royal Liverpool Golf Club 
2008
Cape Verde joins the World Trade Organization, becoming its 153rd member. 
2009
Mark Buehrle of the Chicago White Sox becomes the 18th pitcher to throw a perfect game in Major League Baseball history, defeating the Tampa Bay Rays 5-0. 
2009
The Bank of Canada announces the end of the recession even though it remains nascent and still dependent on government stimulus money 
2012
A series of attacks across Iraq kill 103 people 
2013
19 people are killed and 22 are injured after a tour bus collides with a truck in Saraburi, Thailand 
2014
2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow holds its opening ceremony 
2014
44 people are killed after TransAsia Airways Flight 222 crashed into buildings in Taiwan 
2016
Hillary Clinton Selects Tim Kaine, a Popular Senator From a Swing State, as Running Mate 
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