Today in History - Historical Events - July 21st

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Notable Historical Events on July 21st

2013142nd British Golf Open: Phil Mickelson shoots a 281 at Muirfield Golf Links

1669John Locke's Constitution of English colony Carolina approved

1989Mike Tyson KOs Carl Williams in 1:33 for heavyweight boxing title

1944British premier Winston Churchill flies to France, meets Montgomery

1974US House Judiciary approves two Articles of Impeachment against President Richard Nixon

1991Betsy King wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Golf Classic

1969Neil Armstrong steps on Moon at 2:56:15 AM (GMT)

1865In the market square of Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Davis Tutt in what is regarded as the first true western showdown.

1971Sam Giancana returns to the United States after spending seven years of exile in Mexico

285Diocletian appoints Maximian as Caesar, co-ruler.

1979108th British Golf Open: Seve Ballesteros shoots a 283 at Royal Lytham

1944Field Marshal Günther von Kluge warns Hitler of impending collapse of front in Normandy

1798Napoleon Bonaparte wins Battle of Pyramids in Egypt

1873Jesse James & James Younger gang's 1st train robbery (Adair Iowa)

July 21st Historical Events
Date Event
356
Herostratus sets fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World. 
BC
AD
230
St Pontianus begins his reign as Catholic Pope 
285
Diocletian appoints Maximian as Caesar, co-ruler. 
365
Crete Earthquake followed by tsunami around the Eastern Mediterranean allegedly destroys Alexandria 
866
John appointed bishop of the kingdom 
905
Holy Roman Catholic emperor Louis III captured 
976
Emperor Otto II gives earl Leopold I, East Bavaria 
1403
Battle of Shrewsbury fought by Percys against King Henry IV 
1542
Pope Paul III begins inquisition against Protestants (Sactum Officium) 
1545
The first landing of French troops onto the coast of the Isle of Wight during the French invasion of the Isle of Wight occurs. 
1568
Battle at Jemmingen: Alva's troops beat Dutch rebellion 
1579
Mechelen surrenders to Duke of Parma 
1588
First engagement between the English fleet and the Spanish Armada off the Eddystone Rocks 
1595
Alvara Mendana discovers Marquesas Island 
1669
John Locke's Constitution of English colony Carolina approved 
1718
The Treaty of Passarowitz between the Ottoman Empire, Austria and the Republic of Venice is signed. 
1730
States of Holland put death penalty on "sodomy" 
1749
Pieter Steyn becomes pension advisor of Holland 
1773
Pope Clemens XIV bans Jesuits 
1774
Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774: Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war. 
1798
Napoleon Bonaparte wins Battle of Pyramids in Egypt 
1825
Java princess Dipo Negoro/Mangkubumi declare war on all non-islamics 
1831
Belgium gains independence from Netherlands, Leopold I made king 
1836
1st Canadian RR opens, between Laprairie & St John, Quebec 
1846
Mormons found 1st English settlement in California (San Joaquin Valley) 
1861
1st major battle of Civil War ends (Bull Run), Va - South wins 
1865
In the market square of Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Davis Tutt in what is regarded as the first true western showdown. 
1866
Cholera epidemic kills hundreds in London 
1867
City Gardens on Folsom opens 
1873
Jesse James & James Younger gang's 1st train robbery (Adair Iowa) 
1877
-27] US army breaks railroad strike 
1880
Compressed air accident kills 20 workers on Hudson River tunnel, NY 
1884
1st Test Cricket match played at Lord's 
1896
National Federation of Afro-American Women & Colored Women's 
1896
13th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Charlotte Sterry beats A Pickering (6-2 6-3) 
1896
20th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Harold Mahony beats W Baddeley (6-2 6-8 5-7 8-6 6-3) 
1897
Tate Gallery opens in England 
1898
Spain cedes Guam to USA 
1900
Pope Leo XIII encyclical to Greek-Melkite rite 
1904
After 13 years, the 4,607-mile Trans-Siberian railway is completed 
1904
Camille Jenatzy sets world auto speed record at 65.79 MPH 
1913
The Egyptian government announces a new constitutional system and electoral law 
1915
Wilson sends the third Lusitania note, warning Germany that future infringement of American rights will be deemed 'deliberately unfriendly' 
1917
Russian Revolution: Socialist Alexander Kerensky becomes Russian Prime Minister 
1918
U-156 shells Nauset Beach, in Orleans, Massachusetts. 
1919
Anthony Fokker's establishes airplane factory at Hamburg & Amsterdam 
1919
Dirigible crashes through bank skylight killing 13 (Chicago, Ill) 
1921
Indians (9) & Yankees (7) hit a record 16 doubles 
1923
Phillies score 12 in 6th & beat Cubs 17-4 
1925
"Monkey Trial" ends - John Scopes found guilty of teaching Darwinism 
1930
110°F (43°C) at Millsboro, Delaware (state record) 
1930
US Veterans Administration forms 
1931
Reno race track, becomes 1st in US to use daily double wagering 
1933
Haifa Harbor in Palestine opens 
1934
113°F (45°C), near Gallipolis, Ohio (state record) 
1938
Paul Hindemith & Leonide Massines ballet premieres in London 
1940
Soviet Union annexes Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania 
1940
VARA-management accepts Rost of Tonningens demands 
1941
200 Jewish Torahs are burned in Ukraine 
1941
Himmler orders building of Majdanek concentration camp 
1942
8 die as coal waste heap slides in river valley near Oakwood, Va 
1944
British premier Winston Churchill flies to France, meets Montgomery 
1944
General Koiso becomes premier of Japan 
1944
US forces land on Guam to get rid of Japanese invaders 
1944
Field Marshal Günther von Kluge warns Hitler of impending collapse of front in Normandy 
1945
Detroit Tigers & Phila A's play 24 inning 1-1 tie 
1946
Jesus T Pinerol becomes 1st native born Puerto Rican governor 
1947
Indonesia begins 1st political election 
1948
WSPD TV channel 13 in Toledo, OH (NBC) begins broadcasting 
1949
Senate ratifies North Atlantic Treaty by a vote of 82-13 (NATO) 
1951
Dalai Lama returns to Tibet 
1952
7.8 earthquake shakes Kern County California, 14 killed 
1952
Premier Ghavam es-Sultaneh of Persia, resigns 
1954
At Geneva, France agrees to independence of North & South Vietnam 
1955
USS Seawolf launched, 1st submarine powered by liquid metal cooled nuclear reactor 
1956
Cin Red pitcher Brooks Lawrence loses after 13 straight wins 
1956
US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Enwetak 
1957
1st black to win a major US tennis tournament (Althea Gibson) 
1957
39th PGA Championship: Lionel Hebert at Miami Valley GC Dayton Ohio 
1957
Marilynn Smith/Fay Crocker wins Hot Springs 4-Ball Golf Tournament 
1959
1st nuclear powered merchant ship, NS Savannah, named, Camden NJ 
1959
Red Sox are last team to use a black player (Pumpsie Green) 
1960
Country of Katanga forms in Africa 
1960
In Sri Lanka (then Ceylon) Sirima Bandaranaike is world's 1st woman PM 
1960
Francis Chichester arrive in NY aboard Gypsy Moth II, setting record of 40 days for a solo Atlantic crossing 
1961
Launch of Mercury 4 (Liberty Bell) with Grissom 
1962
160 civil right activists jailed after demonstration in Albany Ga 
1962
Battles on Chinese & Indies boundary 
1963
45th PGA Championship: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 279 at Dallas AC Dallas 
1964
Arnold Long takes 11 catches in the match for Surrey v Sussex 
1964
Mildred Simpson runs female world record marathon (3:19:33) 
1964
Last Dutch whaling ship Willem Barents Sea sold to Japan 
1965
Pakistan, Iran & Turkey sign Regional Co-Operation pact 
1966
Gemini X returns to Earth 
1966
USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1968
50th PGA Championship: Julius Boros shoots a 281 at Pecan Valley TX 
1968
Carol Mann wins LPGA Buckeye Savings Golf Invitational 
1968
Jan Janssen wins Tour de France: 1st Dutchman 
1969
Neil Armstrong steps on Moon at 2:56:15 AM (GMT) 
1969
Russia's Luna 15 impacts moon after 52 lunar orbits 
1970
Huge Aswan Dam opens in Egypt 
1970
Libya orders confiscation of all Jewish property 
1970
USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1970
Clay Kirby has a no-hitter going for 8 inn, but is lifted for a pinch hitter, Reliever Jack Baldschun gives up 3 hits & Padres lose, 3-0 
1971
US performs nuclear Test at Nevada Test Site 
1971
Sam Giancana returns to the United States after spending seven years of exile in Mexico 
1972
2 passenger trains collide head-on killing 76 (Seville, Spain) 
1972
27.5 cm rainfall at Fort Ripley, Minnesota (state record) 
1972
Bloody Friday: within the space of seventy-five minutes, the Provisional Irish Republican Army explode twenty-two bombs in Belfast; six civilians, two British Army soldiers and one UDA volunteer were killed, 130 injured 
1972
Dodgers release & end career of pitcher Hoyt Wilhelm 
1972
In New York 57 murders occur in 24 hours 
1973
Braves Hank Aaron hits Ken Brett's fastball for his 700th HR 
1973
France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Atoll un the Pacific 
1973
USSR launches Mars 4 for fly-by (2600 km) of red planet 
1974
29th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Sandra Haynie 
1974
Eddy Merckx wins his 5th Tour de France 
1974
US House Judiciary approves two Articles of Impeachment against President Richard Nixon 
1975
Billy Martin fired as Texas Rangers manager 
1975
NY Met Félix Millán hits 4 singles; erased by Joe Torres 4 double plays 
1976
"Guys & Dolls" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 239 performances 
1976
1st outbreak of "Legionnaire's Disease" kills 29 in Philadelphia 
1976
Christopher Ewart-Biggs, British ambassador to the Republic of Ireland, is assassinated by the Provisional IRA. 
1976
Christopher Ewart Biggs (the British Ambassador to Ireland) and his secretary Judith Cook are assassinated by a bomb planted in Mr Biggs' car in Dublin 
1977
Libyan-Egyptian border fights 
1977
Sri Lanka premier Bandaranaike loses election 
1978
Bolivia military coup under general Juan Pereda, president Hugo Banzer flees 
1978
US Postal Service & unions agree on a contract averting mail strike 
1978
World's strongest dog, 80-kg St Bernard, pulls 2909-kg load 27 m 
1979
108th British Golf Open: Seve Ballesteros shoots a 283 at Royal Lytham 
1979
National Women's Hall of Fame (Seneca Falls, NY) dedicated 
1980
Jean-Claude Droyer climbs Eiffel Tower in 2 hrs 18 mins 
1981
Australia set 130 to win, all out 111 at Headingley Willis 8-43 
1982
France performs nuclear Test at Muruora Island 
1983
Polish government ends 19 months of martial law 
1983
Storm cuts short Diana Ross' free concert in NY's Central Park 
1983
US announces Lebanon freed American hostage David Dodge 
1984
Marita Koch of E Germany sets world women's mark for 200m, 21.71s 
1984
USSR performs underground nuclear Test 
1985
"Leader of the Pack" closes at Ambassador Theater NYC after 120 perfs 
1985
114th British Golf Open: Sandy Lyle shoots a 282 at Royal St George 
1985
Amina Fakir (Detroit), 23, crowned 18th Miss Black America 
1985
Bernard Hinault wins his 5th & last Tour de France 
1985
Judy Clark wins LPGA Boston Five Golf Classic 
1986
Barbara Palacios Teyde, 22, of Venezuela, crowned 35th Miss Universe 
1986
Pleasure Island plans unveiled 
1987
Kristi Addis, of Mississippi, crowned 5th Miss Teen USA 
1988
ESA's Ariane-3 launches 2 communications satellites (1 Indian) 
1988
Massachusetts Governor Michael Dukakis accepts Democratic nomination for president 
1989
Eastern Airlines submits a reorganization plan to creditors 
1989
Greg LeMond (US) wins Tour de France in fastest time 
1989
Mike Tyson KOs Carl Williams in 1:33 for heavyweight boxing title 
1990
Goodwill Games opens in Seattle Wash 
1990
Pink Floyds' "Wall" is performed where Berlin Wall once stood 
1991
120th British Golf Open: Ian Baker-Finch shoots 272 at Royal Birkdale 
1991
Betsy King wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Golf Classic 
1991
Sharmell Sullivan (Gary Indiana), 20, crowned 23rd Miss Black America 
1991
Ferguson Jenkins, Gaylord Perry, Rod Carew, Tony Lazzeri, & Bill Veeck are elected into the Hall of Fame in Cooperstown, NY 
1993
Angela Kennedy swims world record 50 m butterfly stroke (26.93) 
1994
Tony Blair is declared the winner of the leadership election of the British Labour Party, paving the way for him to become Prime Minister in 1997. 
1995
Brian Lara completes a pair for West Indians v Kent 
1995
KC Royals set club-record of 22 singles in 15 innings 
1996
125th British Golf Open: Tom Lehman shoots a 271 at Royal Lytham 
1996
Dottie Pepper wins LPGA Friendly's Golf Classic 
1996
Wayne Gretzky signs a 2 year deal with NY Rangers 
1997
NY Yank Mike Whiton held in Milwaukee on charges of sexual assault 
1997
The fully restored USS Constitution (aka "Old Ironsides") celebrates her 200th birthday, setting sail for the first time in 116 years. 
2002
Telecom giant WorldCom files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection in the largest such filing in United States history. 
2002
131st British Golf Open: Ernie Els shoots a 278 at Muirfield Golf Links 
2004
The United Kingdom government publishes Delivering Security in a Changing World, a paper detailing wide-ranging reform of the country's armed forces. 
2005
Four terrorist bombings, occurring exactly two weeks after the similar July 7 bombings, target London's public transportation system. All four bombs fail to detonate and all four suspected suicide bombers are captured and later convicted and imprisoned for long terms. 
2007
Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows, the final book in the bestselling Harry Potter series is released. 
2008
Bosnian-Serb war criminal Radovan Karadžić is arrested in Serbia and is indicted by the UN's ICTY tribunal. 
2011
NASA's Space Shuttle program ends with the landing of Space Shuttle Atlantis on mission STS-135. 
2013
15 Egyptian Army soldiers are killed after their bus crashes into a truck on the Mediterranean Coast Highway 
2013
12 people are killed in a clash between two Muslim families in Lanao del Sur, Philippines 
2013
142nd British Golf Open: Phil Mickelson shoots a 281 at Muirfield Golf Links 
2016
Eighteen protesters arrested in Cleveland after scuffle with police 
2016
At least 5 arrested at flag-burning protest outside RNC 
2016
US election: Ted Cruz booed for failing to back Donald Trump 
2017
'Juice' will be loose: OJ Simpson granted parole in robbery 
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