Today in History - Historical Events - July 2nd

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Notable Historical Events on July 2nd

1940Hitler orders invasion of Britain (Operation Sealion)

1881US President James Garfield shot by Charles J Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker; Garfield died 79 days later

1993Pope John Paul II hospitalized for Cat Scan test

1921Warren G. Harding signs a joint congressional resolution declaring the official end of war with Germany

1932FDR makes 1st presidential nominating conventional acceptance speech

1921Jack Dempsey KOs George S Carpentier in 4 for heavyweight boxing title 1st million dollar gate ($1.7m) boxing match (Dempsey KOs Carpentier)

1916Lenin says Imperialism is caused by capitalism

1962Fidel Castro visits Moscow

1956Elvis Presley records "Hound Dog" & "Don't Be Cruel"

197683rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Chris Evert beats E Goolagong (63 46 86)

1937Amelia Earhart & Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean

2014Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy is criminally charged with corruption by French prosecutors

1963Giant Willie Mays' HR in 16th inning gives them a 1-0 win over Braves

198895th Wimbledon Womens Tennis Open: Steffi Graf beats Navratilova (5-7 6-2 6-1)

197791st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bjorn Borg beats Connors (36 62 61 57 64)

196579th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Roy Emerson beats Fred Stolle (62 64 64)

1776At the Continental Congress, John Dickinson abstains from the votes that declare independence

1991Donald Trump proposes to Marla Maples and gives her a 7.5 carat diamond ring

1787Marquis de Sade shouts from Bastille that prisoners are being slaughtered

1986After 14 wins, Roger Clemens suffer his 1st loss of year

1900First flight LZ-1, of a dirigible airship designed by Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin, at Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.

1964Cilla Black records Beatle's "Its For You", Paul McCartney plays piano

July 2nd Historical Events
Date Event
311
St Militiades begins his reign as Catholic Pope 
626
In fear of assassination, Li Shimin ambushes and kills his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng in the Incident at Xuanwu Gate. On September 4, Shimin's father abdicates in his favour and Shimin becomes Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China. 
706
In China, Emperor Zhongzong of Tang has the remains of Emperor Gaozong of Tang, his wife and recently-deceased ruling empress Wu Zetian, her son Li Xian, her grandson Li Chongrun, and granddaughter Li Xianhui all interred in a new tomb complex outside Chang'an known as the Qianling Mausoleum, located on Mount Liang. 
963
The imperial army proclaims Nicephorus Phocas to be Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea. 
1140
Hartbert becomes bishop of Utrecht 
1214
Battle of La Roche-aux-Moines (Angers), part of King John of England attempt to reclaim Normandy from France 
1298
Battle on Hasenbuhl (Gollheim) between German kings Adolf & Albrecht I 
1555
Turgut Reis sacks the Italian city of Paola. 
1561
Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia, defeats a revolt in Emfraz. 
1576
Muitende Spanish soldiers conquer Zierik Sea 
1578
Martin Frobisher sights Baffin Island. 
1582
Battle of Yamazaki: Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide. 
1600
Battle at Newport: Earl Mauritius van Nassau beats Spanish Army 
1613
The first English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia led by Samuel Argall. 
1644
Battle of Marston Moor, North Yorkshire: Parliamentary forces under Lords Fairfax and Manchester defeat royalists led by Prince Rupert 
1679
Europeans first visit Minnesota and see headwaters of Mississippi in an expedition led by Daniel Greysolon de Du Luth. 
1681
Earl of Shaftesbury arrested for high treason 
1687
King James II disbands English parliament 
1698
Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine 
1776
NJ Jersey gives the right to vote to all adults who could show a net worth of 50 pounds 
1776
Continental Congress resolves "these United Colonies are & of right ought to be Free & Independent States" 
1776
At the Continental Congress, John Dickinson abstains from the votes that declare independence 
1787
Marquis de Sade shouts from Bastille that prisoners are being slaughtered 
1794
2nd Battle of Seneffe: France-Austria 
1808
Simon Fraser completes his trip down Fraser R, BC, lands at Musqueam 
1823
Bahia Independence Day: the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia. 
1839
Slaves aboard a Spanish schooner La Amistad revolt to secure their freedom while being transported from one Cuban port to another 
1843
An alligator falls from sky during a thunderstorm in Charleston, South Carolina 
1847
Envelope bearing 1st US 10 cent stamps used (still exists today) 
1849
Garibaldi begins hunger strike in Rome 
1850
Benjamin Lane patents gas mask with a breathing apparatus 
1858
Partial emancipation of Russian serfs 
1861
Battle of Hoke's Run, WV - small Union victory 
1862
Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges 
1863
Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day) 
1863
R Morgan's: Burksville, KY to Salineville, OH [->JUL 26] 
1864
Gen Early & Confederate forces reach Winchester en route to Washington, DC 
1864
Statuary Hall in US Capitol forms 
1865
One-time Methodist Reform Church minister William Booth and his wife Catherine found the Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation) as the East London Christian Mission 
1867
1st US elevated railroad begins service, NYC 
1870
Jules Joseph d'Anethan is elected the tenth Prime Minister of Belgium. 
1881
US President James Garfield shot by Charles J Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker; Garfield died 79 days later 
1885
Canada's North-west Insurrection ends with surrender of Big Bear 
1890
Congress passes Sherman Antitrust Act 
1894
Government obtains injunction against striking Pullman Workers 
1900
Sibelius' "Finlandia" premieres in Helsinki 
1900
First flight LZ-1, of a dirigible airship designed by Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin, at Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany. 
1901
Butch Cassidy & Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner, Montana 
1902
John J McGraw becomes manager of NY Giants (stays for 30 years) 
1902
19th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Muriel Robb beats C Sterry (7-5 6-1) 
1902
26th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats A Gore (6-4 6-3 3-6 6-0) 
1903
AL/NL batting champ Ed Delahanty, disappears, found dead days later 
1903
Pitcher Jack Doscher, 1 son of a major leaguer debuts with Cubs 
1906
Yanks win by forfeit for the 1st time 
1915
Erich Muenter, an instructor in German at Cornell University, explodes a bomb in the US Senate reception room 
1916
Lenin says Imperialism is caused by capitalism 
1916
Russian offensive in Armenia 
1917
Riots in East St Louis Mo 
1921
41st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: B Tilden beats B Norton (4-6 2-6 6-1 6-0 7-5) 
1921
Jack Dempsey KOs George S Carpentier in 4 for heavyweight boxing title 1st million dollar gate ($1.7m) boxing match (Dempsey KOs Carpentier) 
1921
Warren G. Harding signs a joint congressional resolution declaring the official end of war with Germany 
1926
US Army Air Corps created; Distinguish Flying Cross authorized 
1927
40th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats L de Alvarez (6-2 6-4) 
1927
Earthquake hits Palestine 
1928
British parliament reduces the age at women can vote to 21 - the same as men (Representation of the People Act 1928) 
1928
The Jenkins Television Corporation (owned by Charles Jenkins) goes on air with W3XK, the first television broadcasting station in the USA 
1932
52nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Ellsworth Vines beats H Austin (6-4 6-2 6-0) 
1932
FDR makes 1st presidential nominating conventional acceptance speech 
1933
Carl Hubbell shuts-out Cards 1-0 in 18 innings without a walk 
1934
General Lazaro Cardenas elected president of Mexico 
1935
Great Britain boxing team beat US team in 1st international Golden Gloves 
1937
57th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Don Budge beats G von Cramm (6-3 6-4 6-2) 
1937
Amelia Earhart & Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean 
1937
50th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Dorothy Little beats J Jędrzejowska (6-2 2-6 7-5) 
1938
51st Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (6-4 6-0) 
1940
Dutch PM Colijn publishes "Borders of 2 Worlds" (German victory) 
1940
Hitler orders invasion of Britain (Operation Sealion) 
1940
Lake Washington (Seattle) Floating bridge dedicated 
1940
British PM Churchill meets Major General Bernard Montgomery 
1940
Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose is arrested and detained in Calcutta. 
1941
DiMaggio breaks Willie Keeler's 44 game hitting streak (45th of 56) 
1941
Earthquake hits Palestine 
1941
Nazi mass murder in Lvov/Lemberg (7,000 dead) 
1941
Noel Coward's "Blithe Spirit" premieres in London 
1943
Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126 
1943
Indians score 12 runs in 4th inning & beat Yankees 12-0 
1943
Lt Charles Hall becomes 1st black pilot to shoot down a Nazi plane 
1944
Field Marshal von Kluge replaces General von Rundstedt 
1946
Dutch Beel government forms 
1946
Harbor workers end strike at Rotterdam & Amsterdam 
1947
Military coup discovered in France 
1948
62nd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Falkenburg beats Bromwich (7-5 0-6 6-2 3-6 7-5) 
1948
77th British Golf Open: Henry Cotton shoots a 284 at Muirfield 
1949
"High Button Shoes" closes at Century Theater NYC after 727 perfs 
1949
"Red Barber's Clubhouse" sports show premieres on CBS (later NBC) TV 
1949
56th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: L Brough beats M duPont (10-8 1-6 10-8) 
1950
Indian Bob Feller, wins his 200th game, 5-3 over Detroit 
1950
Kinkaku-ji in Kyoto, Japan, burns down. 
1950
Henri Queuille is elected the seventh Prime Minister of the Fourth French Republic. 
1951
Bill Veeck buys St Louis Browns from Bill & Charlie DeWitt 
1951
"Bob & Ray show" premieres on NBC radio 
1951
Hugo Yarnold stumps 6 at Dundee, Worcester v Scotland 
1951
Island advisor of Curacao installed 
1951
Leidse astronomers discover radio signal out of Milky Way system 
1952
Princess Beatrice opens miniature city of Madurodam 
1954
68th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: J Drobny beats K Rosewall (13-11 4-6 6-2 9-7) 
1954
Denis Compton scores 278 in 290 minutes v Pakistan 
1955
"7th Heaven" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 44 performances 
1955
"Almost Crazy" closes at Longacre Theater NYC after 16 performances 
1955
"Lawrence Welk Show" premieres on ABC 
1955
10th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Fay Crocker 
1955
62nd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Louise Brough beats B Fleitz (7-5 8-6) 
1956
Elvis Presley records "Hound Dog" & "Don't Be Cruel" 
1956
US performs nuclear test at Enwetak (atmospheric tests) 
1957
1st submarine designed to fire guided missiles launched, Grayback 
1957
Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Le pelerinage De Lourdes 
1958
US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island 
1959
"Plan 9 From Outer Space", one of the worse films ever, premieres 
1960
"Once Upon a Mattress" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 460 perfs 
1961
Maris hits 29th & 30th en route to 61 homers 
1962
Cubans minister of Foreign affairs RaulCastro arrives in Moscow 
1962
Fidel Castro visits Moscow 
1963
Giant Willie Mays' HR in 16th inning gives them a 1-0 win over Braves 
1963
Juan Marichal (Giants) beats Warren Spahn (Braves), 1-0 in 16 innings 
1964
Cilla Black records Beatle's "Its For You", Paul McCartney plays piano 
1964
Grand jury indicts Beckwith in murder of Medger Evers 
1964
US President Johnson signs Civil Rights Act & Voting Rights Act into law 
1965
79th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Roy Emerson beats Fred Stolle (62 64 64) 
1966
1st France nuclear test on Mururoa atoll 
1966
73rd Wimbledon Women's Tennis Singles: Billie J King (Miss Moffat) beats Maria Bueno (63 36 61) 
1967
22nd US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Catherine Lacoste 
1967
Catherine Lacoste becomes youngest (22), 1st foreigner (France) & 1st amateur to US Women's open golf tournament 
1968
An El Al Israeli airliner is hijacked and diverted to Algeria by three armed members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) 
1969
Ireland bowl out West Indies for 25 at Londonderry, win by 9 wkts 
1969
Leslie West & Felix Pappalardi form rock group Mountain 
1970
1st Boeing 747 to land in Amsterdam & Brussels 
1970
NY Yankees Horace Clarke breaks up a no-hitter in the 9th for 3rd time in 28 days 
1970
The Prevention of Incitement to Hatred Act (Northern Ireland) is introduced; it proved difficult to secure convictions under its provisions and was seldom enforced 
1970
Neil Blaney is found not guilty of illegal arms importation to the Irish Republican Army by a Dublin jury 
1971
78th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Evonne Goolagong beats Margaret Smith (64 61) 
1971
USSR performs underground nuclear test 
1972
"Fiddler on the Roof" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 3242 perfs 
1972
27th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Susie Maxwell Berning 
1972
Bob Seagren pole vaults world record 5.63m 
1972
India & Pakistan sign peace accord 
1972
Two Catholic civilians are shot and killed in Belfast by Loyalist paramilitaries, probably the Ulster Defence Association (UDA) 
1973
James R Schlesinger ends term as 9th director of CIA 
1973
Nation Black Network begins operation on radio 
1974
Fernando Mameda of Portugal sets record for 10,000 m (27:13.81) 
1976
83rd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Chris Evert beats E Goolagong (63 46 86) 
1976
Formal reunification of North & South Vietnam 
1976
Supreme Court rules death penalty not inherently cruel or unusual 
1976
Ramble Inn attack: the Ulster Volunteer Force killed 6 civilians (5 Protestants, 1 Catholic) in a gun attack at a pub near Antrim; the pub was targeted because it was owned by Catholics 
1977
91st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Bjorn Borg beats Connors (36 62 61 57 64) 
1978
Pitcher Ron Guidry sets Yankee record of 13-0 start 
1979
Susan B. Anthony dollar is issued, 1st US coin to honor a woman 
1980
Grateful Dead's Bob Weir & Mickey Hart are arrested for incitement 
1980
Julie Marie Bryan, 18, of Georgia, crowned America's Young Woman of Yr 
1982
Larry Walters using lawn chair & 42 helium balloons, rose to 16,000' 
1982
Soyuz T-6 returns to Earth 
1982
In South Africa, the Internal Security Act is passed, giving massive powers to the authorities to investigate any organization or publication 
1983
90th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: M Navratilova beats A Jaeger (60 63) 
1985
Andrei Gromyko appointed president of USSR 
1985
European Space Agency launches Giotto (Halley's Comet Flyby) 
1986
After 14 wins, Roger Clemens suffer his 1st loss of year 
1986
General strike against Pinochet regime in Chile 
1986
US Supreme Court upholds affirmative action in 2 rulings 
1987
Jim Eisenreich's comeback after nervous disorder in 1984 
1987
Nilde Iotti is named as the first female President of the Italian Chamber of Deputies. 
1988
95th Wimbledon Womens Tennis Open: Steffi Graf beats Navratilova (5-7 6-2 6-1) 
1988
Lester Dumakude, commander of an Umkhonto we Sizwe special operations unit, detonate a car bomb by remote control outside Ellis Park Stadium in Johannesburg, South Africa 
1989
10th US Seniors Golf Open: Orville Moody 
1989
17th du Maurier Golf Classic: Tammie Green 
1990
Imelda Marcos & Adnan Khashoggi found not guilty of racketeering 
1990
Panic in tunnel of Mecca: 1,426 pilgrims trampled to death 
1991
Riot at Guns N' Roses concert in St Louis 
1991
Donald Trump proposes to Marla Maples and gives her a 7.5 carat diamond ring 
1992
Braniff Airlines goes out of business 
1993
Boat sinks at Bocaue Philippines, 325 die 
1993
F-28 crashes at Sorong Irian Barat, 41 die 
1993
Kansas Royals rename stadium Ewing Kaufman Stadium after founder 
1993
Moslem fundamentalists in Sivas, Turkey, set hotel on fire, kill 36 
1993
NY Met Anthony Young loses a record 25th straight game (goes to 27) 
1993
Pope John Paul II hospitalized for Cat Scan test 
1994
101st Wimbledon Womens Tennis: C Martinez beats Navratilova (64 36 63) 
1994
John Wayne Bobbitt & Kristina Elliot arrested for domestic battery 
1994
Richard Johnson takes 10-45 for Middlesex against Derbyshire 
1994
US Air DC-9 crash in North Carolina, 37 killed 
1995
"Rose Tattoo" closes at Circle in the Square NYC after 80 perfs 
1995
16th US Seniors Golf Open: Tom Weiskopf 
1995
Michelle McGann wins Youngstown-Warren LPGA Golf Classic 
1995
Thailand: Banharn Silpa-Archa's party wins election 
2000
Vicente Fox Quesada is elected the first President of México from an opposition party, the Partido Acción Nacional after more than 70 years of continuous rule by the Partido Revolucionario Institucional. 
2001
AbioCor self contained artificial heart created. 
2001
Bush Administration announce that it will seek to let oil companies drill on about 1,500,000 acres of the Gulf of Mexico 
2001
UN Security Council, facing an almost certain Russian veto, agrees to postpone indefinitely a vote on the US-led "smart sanctions" package for Iraq 
2002
Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo around the world nonstop in a balloon. 
2003
Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister of Italy, insults German MP Martin Schulz by calling him a "kapo" during a session of the European Parliament. 
2004
ASEAN Regional Forum accepts Pakistan as its 24th member. 
2005
South African tennis player Wesley Moodie and Australian Stephen Huss win the Wimbledon Men's double title 
2008
Ingrid Betancourt and 14 other FARC hostages are rescued by the Colombian armed forces. 
2010
Oil tanker truck explosion in South Kivu, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, kills at least 230 people 
2010
Ghana's Black Stars, the only African team standing in the Quarter Finals of the FIFA 2010 World Cup in South Africa, are defeated by Uruguay 
2012
GlaxoSmithKline settles the largest healthcare fraud case in history for US$3 Billion 
2012
Monsoon rain in East India kills at least 79 people and leaves 2.2 million homeless 
2013
16 people are killed and 200 are injured in protest clashes at Cairo University against Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi 
2014
Former French President Nicolas Sarkozy is criminally charged with corruption by French prosecutors 
2016
Wales Stuns Belgium 3-1 at European Championship 
2016
Bangladesh PM says 13 hostages rescued from Dhaka cafe, some killed 
2016
Gunmen take hostages at cafe in Dhaka's diplomatic quarter 
2016
Gunmen take at least 20 foreign hostages in Bangladesh 
2017
Jeff Horn stuns Manny Pacquiao to win WBO welterweight world title 
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