Today in History - Historical Events - July 12th

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Notable Historical Events on July 12th

1985Doctors discover a cancerous growth in President Reagan's colon

1926Paavo Nurmi walks world record 4x1500m (16:26.2)

1804Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a duel.

1771James Cook sails Endeavour back to Downs England

1191English King Richard I / the Lionheart & Crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine

1843Mormon leader Joseph Smith says God allows polygamy

1442King Alfonso V of Aragon becomes king of Naples

1996Michael Jordan signs a NBA contract for 1 year for $25 million

1993Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical "Sunset Promenade" opens in London

1927Babe Ruth hits 30th of 60 HRs

1990Boris Yeltsin quits Soviet Communist Party

1679Britain's King Charles II ratifies Habeas Corpus Act allowing prisoners right to be imprisoned to be examined

1921Babe Ruth sets record of 137 career home runs

1992Betsy King wins LPGA Phar-Mor in Youngstown Golf Tournament

1970Blues-Rock singer Janis Joplin debuts in Kentucky

1901Cy Young wins his 300th game

19878th US Seniors Golf Open: Gary Player

1975104th British Golf Open: Tom Watson shoots a 279 at Carnoustie

1930Bradman out for 334 in Test Cricket at Headingley, 383 mins, 46 fours

196419th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Mickey Wright

1996Kirby Puckett retires from Minnesota Twins

1537Battle of Albancay: Diego de Almagro defeated by army led by Alonso de Alvarado on behalf of Francisco Pizarro

1998Pres. Nelson Mandela accompanies Queen Elizabeth II on a coach drive through the streets of London

1995Enrique Iglesias releases his first album, "Enrique Iglesias"

July 12th Historical Events
Date Event
526
St Felix IV begins his reign as Catholic Pope 
1109
Crusaders capture Syria's harbor city of Tripoli 
1191
English King Richard I / the Lionheart & Crusaders defeat Saracens in Palestine 
1290
Jews are expelled from England by order of King Edward I 
1442
King Alfonso V of Aragon becomes king of Naples 
1537
Battle of Albancay: Diego de Almagro defeated by army led by Alonso de Alvarado on behalf of Francisco Pizarro 
1542
French troops under Maarten van Rossem occupies Flanders 
1549
Kett's uprising occupies Norwich, England 
1580
Ostrog Bible, the first printed Bible in a Slavic language, is published. 
1627
English fleet under George Villiers lands on the Rhe [NS=June 22] 
1630
New Amsterdam's governor buys Gull Island from Indians for cargo, renames it Oyster Island, it is later known as Ellis Island 
1679
Britain's King Charles II ratifies Habeas Corpus Act allowing prisoners right to be imprisoned to be examined 
1690
Battle of Boyne in Ireland, Protestant King William III defeats English Catholic King James II 
1691
Antonio Pignatelli elected as Pope Innocentius XII 
1691
Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) Ireland, William III beats James II 
1700
Gelderland accepts Gregorian calendar; yesterday is June 30, 1700 
1704
Stanislaw Leszcynski becomes king of part of Poland 
1730
Lorenzo Corsini chosen as Pope Clemens XII 
1745
Warship Elisabeth joins Bonnie Prince Charlie's frigate Doutelle [NS] 
1771
James Cook sails Endeavour back to Downs England 
1774
Citizens of Carlisle Penn, pass a declaration of independence 
1774
Cossack leader Emilian Pugachevs army occupies Kazan 
1776
Captain Cook departs with Resolution for 3rd trip to Pacific Ocean 
1785
1st manned flight by gas balloon in Netherlands 
1801
Battle at Algeciras: British fleet beats French & Spanish 
1804
Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in a duel. 
1812
US forces led by Gen Hull invade Canada (War of 1812) 
1817
1st flower show held (Dannybrook, County Cork, Ireland) 
1817
Karl Drais von Sauerbronn demonstrates bicycle course 
1843
Mormon leader Joseph Smith says God allows polygamy 
1850
Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts establishment of Provincial States 
1859
Paper bag manufacturing machine patents by William Goodale, Mass 
1862
Congress authorizes Medal of Honor 
1862
Federal troops occupy Helena Arkansas 
1863
In New Zealand, British forces invade Waikato, home of the Maori King Movement, beginning a new phase of the wars between Maori and Colonial British 
1874
Ontario Agricultural College founded 
1874
Start of Sherlock Holmes Adventure "Gloria Scott" (BG) 
1878
Fever epidemic in New Orleans begin, it will kill 4,500 
1882
1st ocean pier in US completed, Washington, DC 
1898
Jean-Baptiste Marchand hoists French flag in Fashoda Sudan 
1900
114°F (46°C), Basin, Wyoming (state record) 
1901
Cy Young wins his 300th game 
1901
Striking Canadian salmon fishermen on the Pacific coast, resentful of the nonunion Japanese who continue to fish, maroon and imprison 47 
1901
In Germany a group of 104 aristocrats present a deceleration against dueling, though the tradition will go on 
1902
Australian parliament agrees to female suffrage 
1902
Arthur Balfour succeeds Lord Salisbury, who retired as Prime Minister on 11 July 
1905
The British and Japanese renew their alliance (of January 1902)for 10 years and agree to provide mutual support if attacked by other power 
1906
Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France 
1909
16th Amendment approved (power to tax incomes) 
1912
1st foreign feature film exhibited in US-"Queen Elizabeth"-NYC 
1913
150,000 Ulstermen gather and resolve to resist Irish Home Rule by force of arms; since the British Liberals have promised the Irish nationalists Home Rule, civil war appears imminent 
1917
The Bisbee Deportation occurs as vigilantes kidnap and deport nearly 1,300 striking miners and others from Bisbee, Arizona. 
1918
Japanese battleship explodes in Bay of Tokayama, 500 killed 
1920
Lithuania & USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuania becomes independent republic 
1921
Babe Ruth sets record of 137 career home runs 
1921
Indians (9) & Yankees (7) combine for an AL record 16 doubles 
1926
Guomindangleger draws against warlord Wu Peifu 
1926
Paavo Nurmi walks world record 4x1500m (16:26.2) 
1927
Babe Ruth hits 30th of 60 HRs 
1928
1st televised tennis match 
1930
34th US Golf Open: Robert T "Bobby" Jones wins 
1930
Bradman out for 334 in Test Cricket at Headingley, 383 mins, 46 fours 
1931
45,715 fans in 35,000 seat Sportsman Park St Louis, help cause many ground ruled doubles, 11 in 1st game & 21 in 2nd game for 32 
1932
Hedley Verity establishes a first-class cricket record by taking all ten wickets for only ten runs against Nottinghamshire on a pitch affected by a storm 
1933
Congress passes 1st minimum wage law (33 cents per hour) 
1934
US Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned 
1934
Willy de Supervise swims world record 400m (5:16.0) 
1935
Belgium recognizes Soviet Union 
1937
-13) Tupolev ANT-25 non-stop flight Moscow to San Jacinto Calif 
1943
Battle of Kolombangara (2nd battle of Gulf of Kula) 
1943
National Committee Freies Deutschland forms 
1943
Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker 
1943
Russian offensive at Orel 
1943
WWII: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles 
1944
Theresienstadt Family camp disbands, with 4,000 people gased 
1944
US government recognizes authority of General De Gaulle 
1945
Cubs stop Braves Tommy Holmes modern-day NL hitting streak at 37 games 
1946
Benjamin Britten's "Rape of Lucretia" premieres in Glyndebourne 
1946
Vance Dinges hits only Phillie pinch hit inside-the-park HR 
1948
1st jets to fly across Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires) 
1949
16th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 11-7 at Ebbets Field, Brooklyn 
1949
Baseball owners agree to erect warning paths before each fence 
1949
Dutch KLM Constellation crashes near Bombay, 45 die 
1949
LA Rams sign Norm Van Brocklin 
1950
ILTF re-admit Germany & Japan in Davis Cup, Poland & Hungary withdraws 
1950
Hague Council of Annulment convicts German war criminals W Lages, FH Van de Funten & F Fischer to death 
1951
Mob tries to keep black family from moving into all-white Cicero Ill 
1951
NY Yankees Allie Reynolds no-hits Cleve Indians, 8-0 
1952
East German SED decides to form German DR army 
1953
KTVB TV channel 7 in Boise, ID (NBC/ABC) begins broadcasting 
1954
Major League Baseball Players Association founded 
1954
Pres Eisenhower put forward a plan for an interstate highway system 
1954
ANC President Albert Luthuli banned by South African Minister of Justice from attending public gatherings and confined to the magisterial district of Lower Tugela, Natal 
1955
22nd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-5 in 12 at County Stad, Milw 
1955
Christian Democratic Party forms in Argentina 
1957
1st President to fly in helicopter-Dwight Eisenhower 
1957
US Surgeon Gen Leroy Burney connects smoking with lung cancer 
1958
"Li'l Abner" closes at St James Theater NYC after 693 performances 
1958
US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island 
1959
NBC uses cameras to show catchers signals during ankee-Red Sox game 
1960
Congo, Chad & Central African Republic declare independence 
1960
Echo I, 1st passive satellite launched 
1960
Joyce Ziske wins LPGA Hoosier Celebrity Golf Tournament 
1960
USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs 
1960
XEWT TV channel 12 in Tijuana-San Diego, CA (IND) begins broadcasting 
1960
Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded. 
1962
1st time 2 manned crafts in space (USSR) 
1962
Rolling Stones 1st performance (Marquee Club, London) 
1964
19th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Mickey Wright 
1966
10.51" (26.70 cm) of rainfall, Sandusky Ohio (state record) 
1966
37th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 2-1 in 10 at Busch Stad, St Louis 
1966
All star MVP: Brooks Robinson (Balt Orioles) 
1966
Race riot in Chicago 
1966
US Treasury announces it will buy mutilated silver coins at silver bullion price at Philadelphia & Denver mints 
1967
23 die in Newark race riot 
1967
5th Mayor's Trophy Game, Mets beat Yanks 4-0 
1967
Blacks in Newark, riot, 26 killed, 1500 injured & over 1000 arrested 
1967
Greek regime deprives 480 Greeks of their citizenship 
1968
Couve de Murville forms government in France 
1968
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1969
98th British Golf Open: Tony Jacklin shoots a 280 at Royal Lytham 
1969
As the 'marching season' reaches its height there is serious rioting in Derry, Belfast and Dungiven; many familles in Belfast are forced to move from their homes 
1970
Thor Heyerdahl crosses Atlantic on raft Ra II, arrives in Barbados from Morocco in 57 days 
1970
99th British Golf Open: Jack Nicklaus shoots a 283 at St Andrews 
1970
Blues-Rock singer Janis Joplin debuts in Kentucky 
1970
Tanzania signs contract with China for building Tanzam-railway 
1971
Juan Corona, indicted for 25 murders 
1972
Democrats nominated George McGovern for president in Miami Fla 
1972
Twelve years after the banning of the ANC and Pan Africanist Congress, a new political movement, the Black People Convention is formed after a three day long conference in Pietermaritzburg, South Africa 
1973
A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States. 
1974
John Ehrlichman convicted of violating Daniel Ellsberg's rights 
1975
104th British Golf Open: Tom Watson shoots a 279 at Carnoustie 
1975
Bob Taylor catches 7 in an innings, Derbyshire v Yorkshire 
1975
Sao Tomé e Príncipe gains independence from Portugal (Natl Day) 
1976
Ian Dury & Kilburns disband 
1977
John Edrich scores his 100th 100, Surrey v Derbyshire at The Oval 
1978
Sun Bank Building opens 
1978
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1979
Ian Palce joins Whitesnake 
1979
Kiribati (formerly Gilbert Islands) declares independence from UK 
1979
"Disco Demolition Night" at Comiskey Park, causes fans to go wild & causes White Sox to forfeit 2nd game of a doubleheader to Tigers 
1981
Debbie Austin wins LPGA Mayflower Golf Classic 
1982
Britain announces it is returning 593 Argentine POWs 
1982
FEMA promises survivors of a nuclear war will get their mail 
1983
Chad government troops reconquer Abéché 
1984
Geraldine Ferraro, NY becomes 1st woman major-party VP candidate 
1984
A car bomb set off by the military wing of the ANC, explodes in Durban South Africa killing 5 and injuring 27 people 
1985
"Singin' in the Rain" opens at Gershwin Theater NYC for 367 perfs 
1985
Doctors discover a cancerous growth in President Reagan's colon 
1985
STS 51-F launch scrubbed at T -3s because of main engine shutdown 
1987
15th du Maurier Golf Classic: Jody Rosenthal 
1987
1st time in 20 years a delegation from USSR lands in Israel 
1987
50 white South Africans meets ANCers in Dakar 
1987
8th US Seniors Golf Open: Gary Player 
1987
Phillies Kent Tekulve pitches his 900th game in relief 
1988
59th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 2-1 at Riverfront Stadium, Cin 
1988
All star MVP: Terry Steinbach (Oakland A's) 
1988
Margo Adams alleges Red Sox Wade Bogg's had an affair with her 
1988
USSR launches Phobos II for Martian orbit 
1989
NY Yankee pitching great Ron Guidry retires (170-91 .651, 3.29 ERA) 
1990
"Les Miserables," opens at National Theatre, Washington 
1990
Boris Yeltsin quits Soviet Communist Party 
1990
Chicago White Sox Melido Perez no-hits Yankees 8-0 in a rain shortened 6 inning game at Yankee Stadium (7th no-hitter of 1990) 
1990
In Soweto, South Africa, Shanty town women strip to the waist and confront bulldozers sent by authorities to demolish their homes 
1992
13th US Seniors Golf Open: Larry Laoretti 
1992
Axl Rose arrested on riot charges in St Louis of Jul 2, 1991 concert 
1992
Betsy King wins LPGA Phar-Mor in Youngstown Golf Tournament 
1993
7.8 earthquake hits Hokkaido Japan, 160 killed 
1993
Andrew Lloyd Webber's musical "Sunset Promenade" opens in London 
1993
Don Imus begins broadcasting to Boston on WEEI (590 AM) 
1994
65th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 7-8 at 3 Rivers Stad, Pitts 
1994
All star MVP: Fred McGriff (Atlanta Braves) 
1994
Nomination hearings for Steven Breyer for supreme court justice begins 
1995
Enrique Iglesias releases his first album, "Enrique Iglesias" 
1996
Kirby Puckett retires from Minnesota Twins 
1996
Michael Jordan signs a NBA contract for 1 year for $25 million 
1996
Start of 1st "Super 8's" tournament in Kuala Lumpur 
1997
Cubs play in their 5,000th consecutive gane with out being no-hit 
1997
Pirates Francisco Cordova & Ricardo Rincon no-hit Astros 3-0 in 10 inn 
1998
16th Seniors Players Golf Championship: 
1998
Jamie Farr Kroger Golf Classic 
1998
France beats Brazil 3-0 for soccer's 16th World Cup (1st title) 
1998
Pres. Nelson Mandela accompanies Queen Elizabeth II on a coach drive through the streets of London 
2005
76th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 7-5 at Comerica Park, Detroit 
2006
Hezbollah initiates Operation True Promise. 
2011
82nd All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-1 at Chase Field, Phoenix 
2012
200 people are killed by the Syrian army in Tremseh 
2012
90-155 people are killed after an oil tanker crashes and explodes in Okogbe, Rivers State, Nigeria 
2013
8 people are killed after a commuter train derails in Paris 
2016
2 Bailiffs Shot to Death at Michigan Courthouse 
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