Today in History - Historical Events - January 31st

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Notable Historical Events on January 31st

19763rd American Music Award: Olivia Newton-John & John Denver win

1961David Ben-Gurion resigns as Prime Minister of Israel

1941Joe Louis KOs Red Burman in 5 for heavyweight boxing title

1963Tony Sheridan & Beat Brothers record "What'd I Say" & "Ruby Baby"

198744th Golden Globes: Platoon, Marlee Matlin win

199872nd Australian Womens Tennis: Martina Hingis beats C Martinez (63 63)

1975Barry Manilow's "Mandy" goes gold

1929Leon Trotsky expelled from Russia to Turkey

1999Seth MacFarlane's "Family Guy" first airs on Fox

19774th American Music Award: Olivia Newton-John & Elton John win

1865Gen Robert E. Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies during US Civil War

1933Hitler promises parliamentary democracy

1901Chekhov's "Three Sisters" opens at Moscow Art Theater

1975John Lennon releases "#9 Dream"

1995President Bill Clinton authorizes a $20 billion loan to Mexico to stabilize its economy.

1950President Harry Truman publicly announces support for development of Hydogen bomb

1971"My Sweet Lord" by George Harrison hit #1 on UK pop chart

2006Alan Greenspan retires as Chairman of the Federal Reserve

1874Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri

1974McDonald's founder Ray Kroc buys San Diego Padres

2000A fight between Ray Lewis and his companions and another group of people results in the stabbing deaths of Jacinth Baker and Richard Lollar, resulting in the indictment of Lewis 11 days on murder and aggravated-assault charges

1934FDR devalus dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce

January 31st Historical Events
Date Event
314
St Silvester I begins his reign as Catholic Pope 
876
Charles becomes king of Italy 
1504
By treaty of Lyons, French cede Naples to Ferdinand of Aragon 
1531
Kings Ferdinand of Austria/Janos Zapolyai of Hungary accept each other 
1578
Battle of Gembloers (Gembloux); Dutch and English forces overcame the Spanish 
1596
Catholic League disjoins 
1609
Wisselbank of Amsterdam established 
1627
Spanish government goes bankrupt 
1675
Cornelia/Dina Olfaarts found not guilty of witchcraft 
1679
Jean-Baptiste Lully's opera "Bellerophon," premieres in Paris 
1696
Revolt by undertakers after funeral reforms (Amsterdam) 
1747
The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Lock Hospital. 
1779
Charles Messier adds M57 (Ring Nebula in Lyra) to his catalog 
1804
British vice-admiral William Blighs fleet reaches Curacao 
1814
Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina. 
1817
Franz Grillparzer's "Die Ahnfrau," premieres in Vienna 
1846
After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 
1849
Corn Laws abolished in Britain 
1851
Gail Borden announces invention of condensed milk 
1851
SF Orphan's Asylum, 1st in California, founded 
1854
Dutch KNMI established (Royal Meteorological Institute) 
1855
Western railroads blocked by snow 
1861
Friedrich Hebbel's "Siegfrieds Tod," premieres in Weimar 
1861
State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans (U.S Civil War) 
1862
Astronomer Alvan Graham Clark makes first observation of Sirius B (first known white dwarf star) in Cambridgeport, Massachusetts while testing his new telescope 
1863
1st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army 
1865
Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (121-24) 
1865
Gen Robert E. Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies during US Civil War 
1867
Maronite nationalist leader Youssef Karam leaves Lebanon on board of a French ship for Algeria 
1871
Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkening the sky 
1874
Jesse James gang robs train at Gads Hill, Missouri 
1876
The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations. 
1891
The first attempt of a Portuguese republican revolution breakes out in the northern city of Porto. 
1893
"Westminster Gazette" begins publishing 
1895
Jose Martí & others leave NYC for invasion of Spanish Cuba 
1900
The final report of the USA's Philippine Commission is released, favouring territorial government for the islands with home rule in local affairs, but with US assumptions of ultimate responsibility for the government. 
1901
Boer general John Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river Transvaal 
1901
Chekhov's "Three Sisters" opens at Moscow Art Theater 
1901
Winnipeg Victorias sweep Montreal Shamrocks in 2 for Stanley Cup 
1901
Austro-Hungarian Empire: The Reichsrath, disolved on 7 September 1900 by Employer Franz Joseph, reopens after the recent elections have defeated extremists 
1904
Bela Bartok's symphony "Kossuth," premieres 
1905
1st auto to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach 
1905
Carroll Wright appointed 1st Commissioner of Labor, USA 
1906
Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter 
1911
Congress names SF as Panama Canal opening celebration site 
1915
1st (German) poison gas attack, against Russians 
1916
Dutch Girl Guides form 
1917
Germany notifies US that U-boats will attack neutral merchant ship 
1917
Mexican President Carranza announces a new constitution with many liberal elements; most of which his regime will not implement 
1918
A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships. 
1919
The Battle of George Square takes place in Glasgow, Scotland. Troops deployed against protesters for fear of a Bolshevik uprising. 
1920
1st Ukrainian daily newspaper in US (NYC) begins publication 
1920
Joe Malone, Quebec Bulldogs, sets NHL record with 7 goals in a game 
1920
Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, at Howard University, incorporates 
1925
Premier Ahmed Zogu becomes president of Angola 
1927
Internationall allied military command in Germany disbands 
1927
NL Pres John Heydler rules Rogers Hornsby can't hold stock in the Cardinals & play for the Giants 
1928
Scotch tape 1st marketed by 3-M Company 
1929
Erich Maria Remarque publishes "Im Westen nichts Neues" in Berlin 
1929
Leon Trotsky expelled from Russia to Turkey 
1930
1st US glider flight from a dirigible, Lakehurst, NJ 
1931
NHL's Quebec Bulldogs' Joseph Malone scores a record 7 goals 
1931
Philip Barry's "Tomorrow & Tomorrow," premieres in NYC 
1932
US railway unions accept 10% wage reduction 
1933
French government of Daladier takes power 
1933
Hitler promises parliamentary democracy 
1934
FDR devalus dollar in relation to gold at $35 per ounce 
1936
"Green Hornet" radio show is 1st heard on WXYZ Radio in Detroit 
1940
40 U boats sunk this month (111,000 ton) 
1940
C Turney & J Horwin's "My Dear Children," premieres in NYC 
1941
21 U boats sunk this month (127,000 ton) 
1941
Anti-German demonstration in Haarlem Netherlands 
1941
Joe Louis KOs Red Burman in 5 for heavyweight boxing title 
1941
Layforce set sail. 
1942
62 U boats sunk this month (327,000 ton) 
1943
39 U boats sunk this month (203,100 ton) 
1943
Chile breaks contact with Germany & Japan 
1943
Gen Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Russian troops at Stalingrad 
1944
Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June 
1944
U-592 sunk off Ireland 
1944
US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll 
1945
US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath 
1945
Russian troops reach the Oder River, less that 50 miles from Berlin 
1946
Yugoslavia adopts new constitution, becomes a federal republic 
1948
J D Salinger's "A Perfect Day for Banana Fish" appears in NY 
1948
Magnetic tape recorder developed by Wireway 
1949
1st daytime soap on TV "These Are My Children" (NBC in Chicago) 
1950
President Harry Truman publicly announces support for development of Hydogen bomb 
1952
Dutch Lutheran Church reunites after 1½ centuries 
1952
Harry Heilmann & Paul Waner elected to Baseball Hall of Fame 
1953
"Princess Victoria" capsized off Stanraer Scotland; 133 die 
1953
Hurricane-like winds flood Netherlands drowning 1,835 
1953
NY, Cleveland, & Boston retaliate at Bill Veeck, forcing the Browns to play afternoon games to avoid sharing TV revenues 
1955
RCA demonstrates 1st music synthesizer 
1956
French government of Mollet forms 
1956
Juscelino Kubitschek becomes president of Brazil 
1956
Guy Mollet becomes Prime Minister of France. 
1957
Trans-Iranian oil pipe line finished 
1957
Eight people on the ground in Pacoima, California are killed following the mid-air collision between a Douglas DC-7 airliner and a Northrop F-89 Scorpion fighter jet. 
1958
"Jackpot Bowling" premieres on NBC with Leo Durocher as host 
1958
James van Allen discovers radiation belt 
1958
US launches their 1st artificial satellite, Explorer 1 
1959
Joe Cronin signs 7 year pact to become head of AL 
1961
David Ben-Gurion resigns as Prime Minister of Israel 
1961
Ham the chimpanzee is 1st primate in space (158 miles) aboard Mercury/Redstone 2 
1961
Houston voters approve bond to finance luxury domed stadium 
1961
Kanhai completes twin tons (117 & 115) v Aust at Adelaide 
1961
NATO secretary-general Paul-Henri Spaak says he'll resign 
1961
USAF launches Samos spy satellite to replace U-2 flights 
1962
Gen Charles P Cabell, USAF, ends term as deputy director of CIA 
1962
Samuel Gravely assumes command of destroyer escort "USS Falgout" 
1963
Tony Sheridan & Beat Brothers record "What'd I Say" & "Ruby Baby" 
1964
US report "Smoking & Health" connects smoking to lung cancer 
1965
Pud Galvin elected to baseball Hall of Fame 
1966
Belgian state police kills 2 striking mine workers 
1966
USSR launches Luna 9 towards Moon 
1968
Bobby Simpson takes 5-59 v India in his last Test for ten years 
1968
Nauru (formerly Pleasant Island) declares independence from Australia 
1968
Record high barometric pressure (1083.8 mb, 32"), at Agata, USSR 
1968
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1968
Viet Cong Tet offensive begins 
1969
Vice Admiral Rufus L Taylor, USN, ends term as deputy director of CIA 
1970
Grateful Dead members busted on LSD charges 
1971
"My Sweet Lord" by George Harrison hit #1 on UK pop chart 
1971
Apollo 14 launched, 1st landing in lunar highlands 
1971
Jake Beckley, Joe Kelley, Harry Hooper, Rube Marquard, Chick Hafey 
1971
US female Figure Skating championship won by Janet Lynn 
1971
US male Figure Skating championship won by John Misha Petkevich 
1971
& Dave Bancroft & George Weiss elected to baseball Hall of Fame 
1972
Aretha Franklin sings at Mahalia Jackson's funeral 
1972
Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev becomes 11th King of Nepal 
1972
Military coup ousts civilian government of Ghana 
1972
US launches HEOS A-2 for interplanetary observations (396/244,998) 
1972
British Home Secretary Reginald Maudling makes statement to the House of Commons on the events of 'Bloody Sunday' "The Army returned the fire directed at them with aimed shots and inflicted a number of casualties on those who were attacking them with firearms and with bombs" 
1974
McDonald's founder Ray Kroc buys San Diego Padres 
1975
Barry Manilow's "Mandy" goes gold 
1975
John Lennon releases "#9 Dream" 
1975
UCLA wins NCAA basketball championship 
1976
"Love Rollercoaster" by Ohio Players hits #1 
1976
Lance Gibbs becomes highest Test wicket-taker at 308 
1976
3rd American Music Award: Olivia Newton-John & John Denver win 
1977
Frenchman Francois Claustre freed, after 33 months as hostage in Chad 
1977
Joe Sewell, Amos Rusie, & Al Lopez elected to baseball Hall of Fame 
1977
4th American Music Award: Olivia Newton-John & Elton John win 
1978
"Elvis: The Legend Lives!" opens at Palace Theater NYC for 101 perfs 
1978
Israel turns 3 milt outposts in West Bank into civilian settlements 
1980
Police storm occupied Spanish embassy in Guatemala City, killing 41 
1981
"The Tide Is High" by Blondie hits #1 
1981
38th Golden Globes: Ordinary People, Coal Miner's Daughter 
1981
Gaetan Boucher skates world record 1000m (1:13.39) 
1982
10 Arabian oryx (extinct except in zoos) released in Oman 
1982
12th AFC-NFC pro bowl, AFC wins 16-13 
1982
32nd NBA All-Star Game: East beats West 120-118 at New Jersey 
1982
Gustafson skates world record 10 km (14:26.59) 
1982
Hollis Stacy wins LPGA Whirlpool Golf Championship of Deer Creek 
1982
NFL Pro Bowl: AFC beats NFC 16-13 
1982
US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Hamilton 
1984
36th NHL All-Star Game: Wales beat Campbell 7-6 at NJ 
1984
Edwin Newman retires from NBC News after 35 years with the network 
1984
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1985
"Harrigan 'n Hart" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 5 performances 
1985
South African president PW Botha offers to free Mandela if he denounces violence 
1986
Mary Lund of Minn, is 1st female recipient of an artificial heart 
1987
44th Golden Globes: Platoon, Marlee Matlin win 
1987
United Steel workers union ratified a concessionary with USX Corp 
1988
Barge sinks near Anacortes, WA, spills 70,000 gallons of oil 
1988
Super Bowl XXII: Wash Redskins beat Denver Broncos, 42-10 in San Diego Super Bowl MVP: Doug Williams, Washington, QB 
1990
1st McDonalds in Russia opens in Moscow, world's biggest McDonalds 
1990
1st ever all-sports daily "National" begins publishing 
1990
Jushin "Thunder" Liger beats Naoki Sano to become New Japan IWGP champ 
1990
The first McDonald's in the Soviet Union opens in Moscow, USSR. 
1991
Nugget's Michael Adams becomes shortest NBAer to get a triple-double 
1991
Robert Gibson flies record 27,040 feet altitude 
1992
MTA raised tolls on most NYC bridges from $2.50 to $3.00 
1993
"St Joan" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 49 performances 
1993
81st Australian Mens Tennis: Jim Courier beats S Edberg (62 61 26 75) 
1993
Super Bowl XXVII: Dallas Cowboys beat Buffalo Bills, 52-17 in Pasadena Super Bowl MVP: Troy Aikman, Dallas, QB 
1994
Barcelona opera theater "Gran Teatro del Liceo" burns down 
1994
Dow Jones hits a record 3,978.36 
1995
President Bill Clinton authorizes a $20 billion loan to Mexico to stabilize its economy. 
1998
72nd Australian Womens Tennis: Martina Hingis beats C Martinez (63 63) 
1998
STS 89 (Endeavour 12) lands 
1999
Seth MacFarlane's "Family Guy" first airs on Fox 
2000
Alaska Airlines flight 261 MD-83, experiencing horizontal stabilizer problems, crashes in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Point Mugu, California, killing all 88 persons aboard. 
2000
A fight between Ray Lewis and his companions and another group of people results in the stabbing deaths of Jacinth Baker and Richard Lollar, resulting in the indictment of Lewis 11 days on murder and aggravated-assault charges 
2001
In the Netherlands a Scottish court convicts a Libyan and acquits another for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 which crashed into Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988. 
2003
The Waterfall rail accident occurs near Waterfall, New South Wales, Australia. 
2006
Alan Greenspan retires as Chairman of the Federal Reserve 
2007
Suspects are arrested in Birmingham in the UK, accused of plotting the kidnap, holding and eventual beheading of a serving Muslim British soldier in Iraq. 
2009
In Kenya, at least 113 people are killed and over 200 injured following an oil spillage ignition in Molo, days after a massive fire at a Nakumatt supermarket in Nairobi killed at least 25 people. 
2010
52nd Grammy Awards: Use Somebody, Zac Brown Band wins 
2010
NFL Pro Bowl: AFC beats NFC 41-34 
2013
300 people are injured in a train collision in Pretoria, South Africa 
2013
36 people are killed and 126 are injured in an explosion at Torre Ejecutiva Pemex, Mexico 
2016
Novak Djokovic Beats Andy Murray to Win Australian Open 
2016
China Strongly Condemns US for Sending Warship Near Island 
2016
Palestinian Officer Is Killed After Attacking Three Israeli Soldiers 
2016
In Tanzania, 3 charged in death of helicopter pilot who protected elephants 
2016
Boko Haram kills dozens in raid near Nigeria refugee camp 
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