Today in History - Historical Events - January 1st

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Notable Historical Events on January 1st

1982Pope John Paul II prays for an end to martial law in Poland

1968Evel Knievel fails in his attempt to jump Caesar's Palace Fountain

1907Pres Theodore Roosevelt shakes a record 8,513 hands in 1 day

1758The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature establish the "starting point" for standardized species names across the animal kingdom. This naming system is based on the binomial nomenclature laid out in Carolus Linnaeus 10th edition of Systema Naturae.

1995Last "Far Side" by cartoonist Gary Larson (started 1980)

1994Howard Stern's New Year's Eve Beauty Pageant

1863Franz Schubert's "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig

1959Cuban Dictator Fulgencio Batista flees Cuba for the Dominican Republic

1818Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus" is published anonymously by the small London publishing house of Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, & Jones

1965American actor George Murphy begins his term as Senator of California

1950Ho Chi Minh begins offensive against French troops in Indo China

1896Wilhelm Röntgen announces his discovery of x-rays

1776Gen George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag

1831William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal

1861President-elect of the United States Abraham Lincoln declares slavery in Confederate states unlawful (US Civil War)

1976After 45 years of coaching, Paul Brown announces his retirement from the National Football League

1651Charles II Stuart crowned king of Scotland

1948Bradman scores 132 in the 1st innings of the 3rd Test v India

1919Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company.

1960Johnny Cash plays first of many free concerts behind bars

January 1st Historical Events
Date Event
153
Roman consuls begin their year in office. 
45
The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time. 
BC
AD
1
Origin of Christian Era 
69
Roman garrison of Mainz uprising 
89
Gov Lucius Antonius Saturninus of Germany becomes emperor of Rome 
313
Start of Roman (Pontifical) Indiction 
404
Last gladiator competition in Rome 
630
The Prophet Muhammad sets out toward Mecca with the army that captures it bloodlessly. 
722
Hofmeier Charles Martel flees from bishop Willibrord 
990
Russia adopts Julian calendar 
1259
Michael VIII Palaiologos is proclaimed co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea with his ward John IV Laskaris. 
1430
Jews of Sicily are no longer required to attend conversionist services 
1438
Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes king of Hungary 
1494
Juw Dekama elected potentate of Frisia 
1502
Portuguese navigators discover Rio de Janeiro 
1504
King Louis XII loses last bulwark in Naples, Caeta 
1515
Francis, Duke of Angouleme succeeds King Louis XII as Francis I of France 
1515
Jews are expelled from Laibach Austria 
1527
Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as king of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin. 
1573
Geuzen sets fire to Woudrichem 
1583
1st day of the Gregorian calendar in Holland & Flanders 
1600
Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of 25 March. 
1610
German astronomer Simon Marius first discovers the Jupiter moons, but does not officially report it, Galileo does on July 1 1610 
1622
Papal Chancery adopts Jan 1 as beginning of the year (was Mar 25) 
1651
Charles II Stuart crowned king of Scotland 
1660
1st entry in Samuel Pepys' diary 
1660
General Moncks army battles with the Tweed on way to London 
1660
Thomas Fairfax' New Model-army occupies York 
1672
Jean Racine's "Bajazet," premieres in Paris 
1673
Regular mail delivery begins between NY & Boston 
1675
Don Carlos de Gurrea/Aragon becomes Spanish land guardian of S Neth 
1689
Pro-James II-earl of Danby occupies York 
1700
Protestant Western Europe (except England) begin using Gregorian calendar 
1700
Russia begins using the Anno Domini era and no longer uses the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire. 
1707
John V succeeds his father Pedro II as king of Portugal 
1739
J B C Bouvet de Lozier discovers Bouvet Island, near Antarctica 
1758
The International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature establish the "starting point" for standardized species names across the animal kingdom. This naming system is based on the binomial nomenclature laid out in Carolus Linnaeus 10th edition of Systema Naturae. 
1770
Date of action in the opera "Madeleine" 
1772
First traveler's cheques go on sale in London, can be used in 90 European cities 
1776
Gen George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag 
1781
1,500 soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne's command rebel against the Continental Army's winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey as part of the Pennsylvania (Continentals; Regiment) Mutiny of 1781. 
1785
"Daily Universal Register" (Times of London) publishes 1st issue 
1788
London's Daily Universal Registrar becomes the Times 
1788
Quakers in Pennsylvania emancipate their slaves 
1797
Albany replaces NYC as capital of NY 
1798
Russia appoints 1st Jewish censor to censor Hebrew books 
1800
Dutch East Indies Company dissolves 
1801
The Irish Parliament votes to join the Kingdom of Great Britain, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland 
1801
The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi. 
1803
Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn Dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam. 
1804
Haiti gains independence from France (National Day) 
1807
Curacao is taken by English (until March, 1816) 
1808
African Benevolent Society (education) forms 
1808
Congress prohibits importation of slaves 
1808
Sierra Leone becomes a British colony 
1809
Holland Brigade under brig gen Chasse reaches Madrid 
1814
Field marshal Blucher's troops cross the Rhine at Kaub 
1818
Official reopening of the White House 
1818
Mary Shelley's "Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus" is published anonymously by the small London publishing house of Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, & Jones 
1826
Baron Van der Capellen resigns as governor of Dutch-Indies 
1827
Dutch Trade Company NHM gets opium monopoly on Java 
1831
William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal 
1833
British government demands Falkland islands 
1833
Curacao census: 2,602 whites, 6,531 free people & 5,894 slaves 
1834
German Tolunie goes into effect 
1838
1st official horse race in South Australia-Adelaide 
1840
1st recorded bowling match in US, Knickerbocker Alleys, NYC 
1842
1st illustrated weekly magazine in US publishes 1st issue, NYC 
1844
1st edition of New Rotterdam's Daily (3x per week) 
1845
The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn is completed. 
1846
Yucatan declares independence from Mexico 
1847
Michigan is 1st state to abolish capital punishment 
1847
Neth's Haarlem's Current newspaper starts publishing 
1848
Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua 
1851
City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line 
1852
1st US public bath opens, in NYC 
1852
National debt of Britain & Ireland is 765,126,582 pounds 
1852
Netherlands begins issuing postage stamps 
1853
1st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in US enters service 
1854
Lincoln University, a black college, chartered (Oxford, Penn) 
1858
Canada begins using decimal currency system 
1860
Slavery ends of in Neth Indies 
1861
Porfirio Diaz conquers Mexico City 
1861
President-elect of the United States Abraham Lincoln declares slavery in Confederate states unlawful (US Civil War) 
1862
1st US income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000) 
1862
Battle of Ft McRee, FL Battle of Port Royal, SC (Port Royal Ferry) 
1863
1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebr 
1863
Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city 
1863
Emancipation Proclamation issued by Lincoln to free slaves in confederate states 
1863
Franz Schubert's "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig 
1865
-Apr 26th] Carolinas' campaign 
1871
Belgium disbands salt tax 
1873
Origin of Japanese Era 
1874
New York City annexes the Bronx 
1876
The Reichsbank opens in Berlin. 
1877
England's Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India 
1879
John Brahms' Violin Concerto in D major premieres in Leipzig 
1880
Building of Panama Canal, begins 
1881
Dr John H Watson is introduced to Sherlock Holmes 
1886
1st Tournament of Roses (Pasadena California) 
1890
Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government. 
1891
French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed 
1891
King Pakketvaart sails to Neth Indies 
1892
Ellis Island becomes reception center for new immigrants 
1893
1st US college extension courses for credit, Univ of Chicago 
1893
Japan adopts the Gregorian calendar 
1893
The railway line from Germiston to Pretoria, South Africa, is opened to traffic. 
1894
Denmark adopts Mid-European time 
1894
Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic 
1894
South African Amateur Athletic Union is founded in Johannesburg. 
1895
Norway adopts Mid-European time 
1895
Aguinaldo became a Freemason, joining Pilar Lodge No. 203, Imus, Cavite 
1896
Wilhelm Röntgen announces his discovery of x-rays 
1897
1st football game between black colleges-Atlanta U 10, Tuskegee 0 
1898
Brooklyn merges with NY to form present City of NY 
1898
Lightship replaces whistling buoy at mouth of SF Bay 
1898
d'Annunzio's "Sogno d'un mattino di primavera," premieres in Rome 
1899
Cuba liberated from Spain by US (Natl Day) (US occupies till 1902) 
1899
Spanish rule ends in Cuba. 
1900
1st date in John dos Passos' USA trilogy (The 42nd Parallel) 
1900
British protectorates of Northern & Southern Nigeria established 
1900
Compulsory education in Netherlands goes into effect 
1900
British protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria are established. 
1901
Australia declares independence from federation of UK colonies 
1902
1st Rose Bowl game (Pasadena, California) (U of Mich-49, Sanford-0) 
1902
Nathan Stubblefield makes 1st public demonstration of radio, Penn 
1903
In Delhi, a great durbar, or formal reception, marks the coronation of King Edward VII as Emperor of India; the British release some 16,000 prisoners in honor of the occasion 
1904
Neth Indies colony begins opium production 
1905
9 hour work day for diamond miners 
1906
Dutch law makes driver's license mandatory 
1906
The poll tax of £1 per head on all adult male inhabitants of Natal, South Africa, except indentured Indians and married Blacks, imposed by the Natal parliament in 1905, becomes payable. 
1907
Pres Theodore Roosevelt shakes a record 8,513 hands in 1 day 
1908
1st time, ball signifying new year dropped at Times Square 
1908
Jack Hobbs makes his Test debut at the MCG (83 & 28) 
1909
Robert Fowler runs then world record marathon (2:52:45.4) 
1909
Drilling begins on the Lakeview Gusher. 
1909
In Great Britain, the Old Age Pension Law is finally instituted, providing pensions for every British subject over 70 with low income 
1910
Simpson-Hayward (England) takes 6-43 on debut with underarm lobs 
1911
Belgian Mining law introduces 9½ hour work day 
1911
South Australia transfers Northern Territory to federal government 
1912
1st running of SF's famed "Bay to Breakers" race (7.63 miles/12.3 km) 
1912
Sun Yat-sen forms Chinese Republic 
1912
The Republic of China is established. 
1913
Post office begins parcel post deliveries 
1914
1st scheduled airline flight, St Petersburg-Tampa (Tony Jannus pilot) 
1914
Klaas ter Laan becomes Neth's 1st socialist mayor (Zaandam) 
1914
Northern & Southern Nigeria united in British colony of Nigeria 
1915
DW Griffith shows "Clansman" at a sneak preview 
1915
Jews of Laibach Austria expelled 
1916
1st football game in Rose Bowl (Washington State-Brown) 
1916
1st issue of "Journal of Negro History" published 
1917
T. E Lawrence joins the forces of the Arabian sheik Feisal al Husayn, beginning his adventures that will lead him to Damascus by October, 1918 
1918
Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland 
1919
Belorussian SSR established 
1919
Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company. 
1920
The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party. 
1922
Vancouver, BC starts driving on the right side of road 
1922
Coal miners in the Transvaal, South Africa, embark on a strike in response to a wage cut, which quickly escalated into a large-scale revolt against the government, known as the Rand Rebellion. 
1923
Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established 
1923
Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMSR. 
1924
Grossdeutsche Volksgemeinschaft/Volkische Block replaces NSDAP 
1925
Norway's capital Christiania changes name to Oslo 
1926
Flood in Rhine strikes Cologne 
1927
Communist uprising in West Java 
1927
Dodgers announce release of future Hall of Fame Zack Wheat 
1927
Turkey adopts the Gregorian calendar: December 18, 1926 (Julian), is immediately followed by January 1, 1927 (Gregorian). 
1928
1st US air-conditioned office building opens, San Antonio 
1928
Algemeene Vereeniging Radio Omroep (AVRO) begins broadcasting (Neth) 
1929
Roy Riegels runs 60 yds the wrong way with Rose Bowl fumble recovery 
1930
Earl Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to 2nd lieutenant 
1930
Jurgens & Van den Berg merge with Lever Brothers to form Unilever 
1932
Jacob Cocey Sr chosen as mayor of Massillon Ohio 
1932
Rasse und Siedlungshauptamt publishes Himmler's wedding laws 
1932
The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington's birth. 
1934
Alcatraz officially becomes a federal prison 
1934
Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (US bank guarantor) effective 
1934
International Telecommunication Union established 
1934
Nazi Germany passes the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring". 
1935
1st Sugar Bowl & 1st Orange Bowl 
1935
Associated Press inaugurates Wirephoto 
1935
Eastern Airlines hires Eddie Rickenbacker as GM 
1935
Pres Mustapha Kemal Pasha names himself "Ataturk: Father of Turkey" 
1936
1st newspaper to microfilm its current issues, NY Herald Tribune 
1937
Anastasio Somoza becomes president of Nicaragua 
1937
Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain 
1937
US Army Air Corps physiological research laboratory completed, Ohio 
1937
Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain. 
1939
Sydney, Australia, swelters in 45 ˚C (113 ˚F) heat, a record for the city. 
1941
Netherlands begins taxing wages 
1941
Russian general Zhukov appointed chief of general staff 
1942
Rose Bowl football match played in North Carolina due to Japanese threat - Oregon State 20, Duke University 16 
1942
US & 25 other countries sign a united declaration against the Axis 
1943
Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to lt-colonel 
1943
Negro League star Josh Gibson suffers a nervous breakdown 
1944
1st feature-length foreign movie, African Journey, shown on TV, NYC 
1944
Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa 
1944
Gen Clark replaces Gen Patton as commander of 7th Army 
1945
France joins the UN 
1945
German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels 
1946
ENIAC, US 1st computer finished by Mauchly/Eckert 
1946
Emperor Hirohito of Japan announces he is not a god 
1946
National Assembly proclaims Hungary a republic 
1947
Benelux agress to work related issues 
1947
Britain nationalizes its coal industry 
1947
WTTG TV channel 5 in Washington, DC (MET) begins broadcasting 
1948
1st color newsreel filmed (Pasadena, California) 
1948
Bradman scores 132 in the 1st innings of the 3rd Test v India 
1948
General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade effective 
1948
Italy adopts constitution 
1948
Orissa province accedes to India 
1948
British railways are nationalised to form British Rail. 
1948
After partition, India declines to pay the agreed share of Rs.550 million in cash balances to Pakistan. 
1948
The Constitution of Italy comes into force. 
1949
KPRC TV channel 2 in Houston, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting 
1949
KTTV TV channel 11 in Los Angeles, CA (MET) begins broadcasting 
1949
Tokelau (Union) Islands declared part of New Zealand 
1950
Dutch government raises all wages 5%, minimally fl. 5 per week 
1950
Ho Chi Minh begins offensive against French troops in Indo China 
1950
The state of Ajaigarh is ceded to the Government of India. 
1951
Massive Chinese/North Korean assault on UN-lines 
1952
Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 5th string quartet 
1953
Ernest Blochs "Suite Hebraique," premieres 
1953
WBRE TV channel 28 in Wilkes-Barre Scranton, PA (NBC) 1st broadcast 
1953
The Bantu Education Act (later renamed the Black Education Act) commenced, providing the legal underpinning of several aspects of the apartheid system, most importantly in education. 
1954
KSLA TV channel 12 in Shreveport, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting 
1954
Rose & Cotton Bowl are 1st sport colorcasts 
1954
WWTV TV channel 9 in Cadillac-Traverse City, MI (CBS) 1st broadcast 
1954
Yugoslav parliament chairman/VP Milovan Djilas criticize communism 
1955
Bhutan issues its 1st postage stamps 
1955
WEAT (now WPEC) TV channel 12 in West Palm Beach, FL (CBS) begins 
1956
KHAS TV channel 5 in Hastings, NB (NBC) begins broadcasting 
1956
KOSA TV channel 7 in Odessa, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting 
1956
Sudan (Anglo-Egyptian Sudan) declares independence from Egypt & UK 
1956
WREC (now WREG) TV channel 3 in Memphis, TN (CBS) begins broadcasting 
1956
A new year event causes panic and stampedes at Yahiko Shrine, Yahiko, central Niigata, Japan, killing at least 124 people. 
1957
Benjamin Britten's ballet "Prince & the Pauper," premieres in London 
1957
France returns Saar to becomes the 10th state of German Federal Rep 
1957
International Geophysical Year begins; ends 6/30/1958 (18-mo year) 
1957
George Town, Penang becomes a city by a royal charter granted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II. 
1957
An Irish Republican Army (IRA) unit attacks Brookeborough RUC barracks in one of the most famous incidents of the IRA's Operation Harvest. 
1958
BOAC Britannia flies London to NY in a record 7h57m 
1958
European Economic Community (Common Market) starts operation 
1958
WMBD TV channel 31 in Peoria, IL (CBS) begins broadcasting 
1959
Cuban Dictator Fulgencio Batista flees Cuba for the Dominican Republic 
1959
Chad becomes autonomous republic in French Community 
1959
Rohan Kanhai completes 256 v India at Calcutta 
1960
Bank of France issues new franc, worth 100 times the value of existing francs 
1960
Cameroon (French Cameroon) gains independence from France 
1960
Johnny Cash plays first of many free concerts behind bars 
1960
Montserrat adopts constitution 
1960
A photograph of a 13 year-old South African boy in a torn vest appears in the front page of the London Labour paper, the Daily Herald. According to the Native Labour Regulation Act, it was an offence to employ a Native in a mine under the age of 18 years. 
1961
Briggs Stadium is renamed Tigers Stadium 
1961
Houston Oilers beat LA Chargers 24-16 in AFL championship game 
1961
Largest check issued, Natl Bank of Chicago to Sears ($960.242 billion) 
1961
Russia introduces a new ruble worth $1.11 
1962
Beatles' Decca audition is unsuccessful 
1962
Rwanda granted internal self-government by Belgium 
1962
Western Samoa gains independence from New Zealand Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes co-chief of Western Samoa 
1962
United States Navy SEALs established. 
1963
G Woods succeeds Eugene Black as president of the World Bank 
1963
WTEV (now WLNE) TV channel 6 in Providence RI begins broadcasting 
1964
Federation of Rhodesia & Nyasaland dissolved 
1964
KNMT TV channel 12 in Walker, MN (CBS) begins broadcasting 
1964
KTVS TV channel 3 in Sterling, CO (CBS) begins broadcasting 
1965
International Cooperation Year begins 
1965
Palestinian al-Fatah organization forms 
1965
The People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan is founded in Kabul. 
1965
American actor George Murphy begins his term as Senator of California 
1966
12 day transit worker strike shuts down NYC subway 
1966
Milt coup by Col Jean-Bédell Bokassa in Central African Republic 
1966
Simon & Garfunkel's "Sounds of Silence" reaches #1 
1966
All US cigarette packs have to carry "Caution Cigarette smoking may be hazardous to your health" 
1967
CRU becomes the CAFA & turns over the Grey Cup trophy to the CFL 
1967
Day's play in the Calcutta Test v W Indies cancelled by riots 
1967
FCC requires AM-FM sister stations to be at least 50% different 
1967
Green Bay Packers beat Dallas Cowboys 34-27 in NFL championship game 
1967
KC Chiefs beat Buffalo Bills 31-7 in AFL championship game 
1967
St Helena adopts constitution 
1967
Tonga revises constitution 
1967
WABW TV channel 14 in Pelham, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1968
ABC radio splits into 4 networks (Info, Entertainment, Contemp & FM) 
1968
Evel Knievel fails in his attempt to jump Caesar's Palace Fountain 
1968
Netherlands gets color TV 
1968
WDCO TV channel 15 in Cochran, GA (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1969
Jack Kent Cooke, owner of NHL's LA Kings, fines each player $100 for "NOT" arguing with the referee 
1969
People's Democracy (PD) begin a 4-day march from Belfast across Northern Ireland to Derry, modeled on Martin Luther King's Selma to Montgomery march 
1970
"The Epoch" (Time 0 for UNIX systems, Midnight GMT) 
1970
Afro-American Historical Calendar Series Established 
1970
Charles "Chub" Feeney becomes president of baseball's National League 
1970
Neth Christian Workers Union (NCW) forms 
1970
Revised calendar for Western (RC) Church goes into effect 
1970
The University College of Zululand, formerly affiliated to the University of South Africa, attains full academic autonomy as the University of Zululand. 
1970
The Ulster Defence Regiment (UDR), an infantry regiment of the British Army, comes into existence 
1970
US Federal oil depletion allowance reduced from 27.5 to 22.0 percent 
1971
Cigarette advertisements banned on TV 
1972
"Company" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 690 performances 
1972
"On the Town" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 65 performances 
1972
"Promises Promises" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 1281 perfs 
1972
China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC 
1972
International Book Year begins 
1972
KDSD TV channel 16 in Aberdeen, SD (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1972
Policewomen are enlisted as full members of South African Police Force for the first time. 
1973
47th Australian Women's Tennis: Margaret Court beats Goolagong (64 75) 
1973
Britain, Ireland & Denmark become 7th-9th members of Common Market 
1973
West African Economic Community formed (Benin, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Upper Volta) 
1974
Lee MacPhail takes over as AL president, succeeding Joe Cronin 
1974
NBC radio begins on the hour news 24 hours a day (following CBS lead) 
1974
World Population Year begins 
1974
With effect from this date the New Zealand government terminates all tariff preferences previously granted to South Africa. 
1975
Haldeman, Ehrlichman, Mitchell & Mardian convicted of Watergate crime 
1975
International Women's Year begins 
1975
Sweden adopts constitution 
1975
U.S. Federal oil depletion allowance eliminated for large producers 
1976
"Musical Jubilee" closes at St James Theater NYC after 92 performances 
1976
Liberty Bell moves to new home behind Independence Hall 
1976
NBC replaces the peacock logo 
1976
Venezuela nationalizes oil fields 
1976
After 45 years of coaching, Paul Brown announces his retirement from the National Football League 
1977
1st woman formally ordained an Episcopal priest (Jacqueline Means) 
1977
Belgium reapportions 2,359 communities into 596 
1977
Czech intellects begin Human Rights Group Chapter 77 
1977
Tony Dorsett runs for record 202 yards in the Sugar Bowl 
1978
"Your Arm's Too Short..." closes at Lyceum NYC after 429 perfs 
1978
Air India B747 explodes near Bombay killing 213 
1978
Pres Ford signs 1st major revision of copyright law since 1909 
1978
Newspaper editor Donald Woods arrives in London after fleeing South Africa's apartheid regime 
1979
International Year of the Child begins 
1979
Jura, 26th canton of Switzerland, established 
1979
US & China (Peoples Republic) begin diplomatic relations 
1980
54th Australian Womens Tennis: Barbara Jordan beats S Walsh (63 63) 
1980
Alabama beats Arkansas in Sugar Bowl for college football championship 
1980
Chrysler UK renamed Talbot 
1980
International Decade of Water & Sanitation begins 
1980
Mob storms Russian embassy in Teheran 
1980
Premier Adbou Diouf becomes president of Senegal 
1980
Sweden changes order of succession to throne 
1980
Victoria is crowned princess of Sweden. 
1981
Georgia beats Notre Dame in Sugar Bowl for college football title 
1981
Greece is 10th country to join European Economic Community 
1981
International Year for the Disabled begins 
1981
Palau (Trust Territory of Pacific Is) becomes self-governing 
1981
Roger Smith becomes CEO of General Motors 
1982
30 Something stars Ken Olin & Patricia Wettig meet, later they marry 
1982
Clemson wins the Orange Bowl for college football championship 
1982
Javier Perez de Cuellar becomes sec-gen of UN 
1982
MTA launches a 5 year plan to upgrade the NYC subway system 
1982
Pope John Paul II prays for an end to martial law in Poland 
1982
TA launches 5 year capital program to overhaul NYC subway system 
1983
PGA inaugurates all-exempt tour 
1983
Penn State beats Georgia in Sugar Bowl for college football title 
1983
World Communications Year begins 
1983
TCP/IP protocols become the only approved protocol on the ARPANET, replacing the earlier NCP protocol 
1984
AT&T's 22 owned Bell system companies divests into 8 companies 
1984
Brunei becomes independent of UK 
1984
NYC transit fare rises from 75 cents to 90 cents 
1985
International Youth Year begins 
1985
US's 1st manadatory seat belt law goes into effect (NY) 
1985
VH-1 made its broadcasting debut 
1985
The Internet's Domain Name System is created. 
1985
The first British mobile phone call is made by Ernie Wise to Vodafone. 
1986
Aruba becomes independent from neighbor island Curacao 
1986
Barbra Striesand & Jon Peters relationship breaks up 
1986
International Peace Year begins 
1986
NYC transit fare rises from 90 cents to $1.00 
1986
Oklahoma wins Orange Bowl for college football championship 
1986
Spain & Portugal are 11th & 12th to join European Economic Community 
1986
Iowa's All-American running back, Ronnie Harmon, fumbles the ball 4 times in his last game-the Rose Bowl 
1986
South African Government closes its borders with Lesotho, cutting off important food and fuel supplies, after Lesotho refuses to sign a non-aggression pact. 
1987
60 bodies recovered in Dupont Plaza Hotel fire in Puerto Rico 
1987
China's rudimentary civil code in effect 
1987
International Year of Shelter for Homeless begins 
1988
Czech born tennis star Hana Mandikova becomes an Australian Citizen 
1988
Miami beats Oklahoma for college football championship 
1988
Year of the Reader begins 
1989
NYC transit fare rises from $1.00 to $1.15 
1989
Year of the Young Reader begins 
1990
David Dinkins sworn in as 1st black mayor of NYC 
1990
Mitsuko Nishiwaki beats Nakano to become Japan Women wrestling champ 
1990
NYC MTA stops token redemption at subway stations 
1990
Sports News Network begins operation on cable TV 
1990
FCC implements "SYNDEX" giving independent stations more rights over cable TV outlets for exclusive syndicated programs 
1991
5% sales tax on consumer goods & services goes into effect in USSR 
1991
Iraq rejects peace proposal from Egyptian Pres Hosi Mubarak 
1991
Les Miserables opens at Festival Theatre, Adelaide 
1992
Bush is 1st US president to address Australian Parliament 
1992
Curacao becomes 1st in Dutch Antilles to have compulsory education 
1992
Europe breaks down trade barriers 
1992
International Space Year begins 
1992
NYC transit fare increases from $1.15 to $1.25 
1992
The Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic is renamed the Russian Federation, becoming the successor state to the Soviet Union. 
1993
12 member European Economic Community set up vast free trade zone 
1993
Blockbuster Bowl 3: Stanford beats Penn State, 24-3 
1993
Cigarette advertisements are banned in NYC's MTA 
1993
Czechoslovakia separates into Czech Republic (Bohemia) & Slovakia 
1994
"Flying Karamzov Brothers" closes at Helen Hayes NYC after 50 perfs 
1994
"Grand Night after Singing" closes at Criterion NYC after 52 perfs 
1994
Aleksandr Popov swims world record 100m free style (47.83) 
1994
Carquest Bowl 4: Boston College beats Virginia, 32-13 
1994
Howard Stern's New Year's Eve Beauty Pageant 
1994
International Year of Family 
1994
Jacobs Field opens with "Gateway's New Year's Eve Countdown to '94" 
1994
North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect 
1994
The Zapatista Army of National Liberation initiates twelve days of armed conflict in the Mexican State of Chiapas. 
1995
"Glass Menagerie" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 57 perfs 
1995
"Shadow Box" closes at Circle in Sq Theater NYC after 49 performances 
1995
Austria, Finland & Sweden act to join European Union 
1995
Centennial of Canadian Mounties presence in Canada's Yukon Territory 
1995
Fernando Henrique Cardoso installed as president of Brazil 
1995
International Year of Tolerance 
1995
Last "Far Side" by cartoonist Gary Larson (started 1980) 
1995
Raman Lamba & Ravi Sehgal score 464 for 1st wicket for Delhi 
1995
for"Tuna Christmas" closes at Booth Theater NYC 20 performances 
1995
The Draupner wave in the North Sea in Norway is detected, confirming the existence of freak waves. 
1995
Fred West, the Gloucestershire builder charged with 12 murders, found dead in his prison cell 
1996
After 27 years, Betty Rubble debuts as a Flintstone vitamin 
1996
Curacao gains limited form of self rule (Status Aparte) 
1997
The Republic of Zaïre officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Zaïre. 
1998
All California bars, clubs & card rooms must be smoke-free 
1998
Mongolia switches from a 46 hour to 40 hour work week 
1998
US Census Bureau estimates population at 268,921,733 
1998
Russia begins to circulate new rubles to stem inflation and promote confidence. 
1998
The European Central Bank is established. 
1999
International Year of Elderly 
1999
The Euro currency is introduced. 
2000
Gisbourne, New Zealand population 32,754 is first city in the world to welcome in the new millennium 
2002
The Open Skies mutual surveillance treaty, initially signed in 1992, officially comes into force. 
2002
Euro banknotes and coins become legal tender in twelve of the European Union's member states. 
2002
Taiwan officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Chinese Taipei. 
2004
In a vote of confidence, General Pervez Musharraf wins 658 out of 1,170 votes in the Electoral College of Pakistan, and according to Article 41(8) of the Constitution of Pakistan, was "deemed to be elected" to the office of President until October 2007. 
2006
Sydney, Australia swelters through its hottest New Years Day on record. The thermometre peaked at 45 degrees celsius, sparking bushfires and power outages. 
2007
Bulgaria and Romania officially join the European Union. Also, Bulgarian, Romanian, and Irish become official languages of the European Union, joining 20 other official languages. 
2007
Slovenia officially adopts the Euro currency and becomes the thirteenth Eurozone country. 
2007
Adam Air Flight 574 disappears over Indonesia with 102 people on board. 
2008
A New Hampshire law legalizing civil unions for same-sex couples comes into effect. 
2008
Malta and Cyprus officially adopt the Euro currency and become the fourteenth and fifteenth Eurozone countries. 
2009
Slovakia officially adopts the Euro currency and becomes the sixteenth Eurozone country. 
2009
61 die in nightclub fire in Bangkok, Thailand. 
2009
The government of the Republic of China adopts Hanyu Pinyin as its official Chinese romanization (before this time, the most commonly used was Tongyong Pinyin. 
2010
Suicide car bomb detonates at a volleyball tournament in Lakki Marwat, Pakistan, killing 105 and injuring 100 
2013
13 FARC members are killed by an airstrike by the Colombian military 
2013
13 Boko Harem members are killed by Nigeria's military in Maiduguri 
2013
60 people are killed and 200 are injured after a stampede following New Year celebrations 
2013
18 people are killed and 16 wounded after a bus and mini-bus collision in Thiès, Senegal 
2013
10 people are killed and 120 are injured in a stampede in Luanda, Angola 
2013
US bi-partisan deal temporarily avoids the fiscal cliff 
2013
Magnus Carlsen breaks Garry Kasparov's chess FIDE rating, reaching 2,861 
2014
Michael van Gerwen defeats Peter Wright to win the 2014 PDC World Darts Championship 
2016
Police: 2 killed, at least 4 wounded in Tel Aviv pub shooting 
2016
Justice Department investigates Blue Bell Creameries over listeria response 
2016
Former Rep. Mike Oxley dies, 71 
2016
Zika virus reported in Puerto Rico 
2016
Camille Cosby ordered to give deposition in case against husband Bill 
2017
23 Dead After Ferry Catches Fire Near Indonesia's Capital 
2017
New Year's Attack on Packed Istanbul Club Leaves 39 Dead 
2017
At least 35 killed in New Year gun attack at Istanbul nightclub 
2017
India mine collapse: Bodies of 13 recovered in Jharkhand 
6000
1st reversible date since 11/11/1999 
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