Today in History - Historical Events - February 20th

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Notable Historical Events on February 20th

199133rd Grammy Awards: Another Day in Paradise, Mariah Carey

1963Willie Mays (SF Giants) signs a record $100,000 per year contract

1975Margaret Thatcher elected leader of British Conservative Party

1959The Avro Arrow program to design and manufacture supersonic jet fighters in Canada is cancelled by the Diefenbaker government amid much political debate.

1994Pope John Paul II demands juristic discrimination of homosexuals

1938UK Foreign Sec Eden resigns, says PM Chamberlain appeased Germany

1810Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean patriot and leader of rebellion against Napoleon's forces, executed.

1986Mike Tyson sexually harasses a woman in Albany NY

1997SF Giants Barry Bonds signs record $22.9M 2 year contract

1971Bruin Phil Esposito is NHL's quickest to score 50 goals in a season

19784th People's Choice Awards: John Wayne & Barbra Streisand win (Motion Picture) and James Garner & Mary Tyler Moore win (TV)

1724George F Handel's opera "Giulio Cesare in Egitto," premieres in London

1974Gordie Howe comes out of retirement for $1M from Houston Aeros, WHA

1988Peter Kalikow purchases NY Post from Rupert Murdoch for $37.6 million

1832Charles Darwin visits Fernando Noronha in Atlantic Ocean

1960Jimi Hendrix, rock and roll guitarist, plays his first gig.

February 20th Historical Events
Date Event
1472
Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a dowry payment. 
1525
Swiss & German mercenaries desert Francois I's army 
1547
King Edward VI of England was enthroned following death of Henry VIII 
1613
Gerard Reynst appointed Dutch gov-gen of East-Indies 
1619
Trial against Johan van Oldenbarnevelt begins in The Hague for alleged crimes against the federal government 
1653
Defeat of Dutch fleet under Adm Van Tromp by Adm Blake off Portsmouth 
1673
1st recorded wine auction held (London) 
1710
Johan Willem Friso becomes viceroy of Groningen, Netherlands 
1724
George F Handel's opera "Giulio Cesare in Egitto," premieres in London 
1725
10 sleeping Indians scalped by whites in New Hampshire for £100 a scalp bounty 
1732
Estates of Holland ratifies Treaty of Vienna 
1737
French minister of Finance, Chauvelin, resigns 
1745
Jacobite troops occupy Fort Augustus, Scotland 
1746
Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Inverness Castle 
1768
1st American chartered fire insurance company opens (Penn) 
1792
US postal service created, postage 6 cents - 12 cents depending on distance 
1798
Louis Alexandre Berthier removes Pope Pius VI from power. 
1809
US Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state 
1810
Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean patriot and leader of rebellion against Napoleon's forces, executed. 
1811
Austria declares bankruptcy 
1816
Rossini's opera "Barber of Seville" premieres in Rome 
1823
English Capt James Weddell reaches 74°15' S, 1520 km from S pole 
1831
Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow 
1832
Charles Darwin visits Fernando Noronha in Atlantic Ocean 
1835
Concepcion, Chile, destroyed by earthquake; 5,000 die 
1839
Congress prohibits dueling in District of Columbia 
1846
British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore 
1856
John Rutledge, Liverpool-NY steamer, hits iceberg; many die 
1861
Department of Navy of Confederacy forms (US Civil War) 
1861
Steeple of Chichester Cathedral blown down during a storm 
1864
Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida 
1865
M I T forms 1st US collegiate architectural school 
1869
Tennessee Governor W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis 
1872
Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin 
1872
Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags 
1872
Metropolitan Museum of Art opens (NYC) 
1872
Silas Noble & JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine 
1873
University of California gets its 1st Med School (UC/SF) 
1877
1st cantilever bridge in US completed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky 
1877
International Association (minor baseball league) organizes 
1887
1st minor league baseball association organizes (Pittsburgh) 
1887
Germany, Austria-Hungary & France end Triple Alliance 
1890
Amsterdam Theater destroyed by fire 
1895
Congress authorizes a US mint at Denver, Colorodo 
1899
Ill Tel & Tel granted franchise for Chicago freight tunnel system 
1901
1st territorial legislature of Hawaii convenes 
1902
Heavy surf breaks over Seal Rocks & damages Sutro Baths, SF 
1903
Nick Young remains as NL president as AG Spalding ends challenge 
1909
Publication of the Futurist Manifesto in the French journal Le Figaro. 
1912
Argentina beat the MCC in their inaugural cricket 1st-class fixture 
1913
King O'Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Canberra. 
1915
Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in San Francisco 
1917
Ammunition ship explodes in Archangel harbour, about 1,500 die 
1917
Kern, Bolton & Wodehouse's musical "Oh, Boy!," premieres in NYC 
1919
French premier Clemenceau injured during assassination attempt 
1921
Riza Khan Pahlevi seizes control of Iran 
1922
Marc Connelly & George Kaufman's "To the Ladies," premieres in NYC 
1922
Vilinus, Lithuania, agrees to separate from Poland 
1922
WOR-AM in New York City begins radio transmissions 
1923
Christy Mathewson becomes pres of Boston Braves 
1927
Golfers in SC arrested for violating Sabbath 
1929
American Samoa organizes as territory of US 
1929
Red Sox announce they will play Sunday games at Braves Field 
1930
Capelle soccer team forms 
1931
Congress allows California to build Oakland-Bay Bridge 
1932
Japanese troops occupy Tunhua China 
1933
Curom, Curacaose Broadcast System starts: Princess Juliana's speech 
1933
House of Reps completes congressional action to repeal Prohibition 
1933
Sidney Howard's "Alien Corn," premieres in NYC 
1934
Virgil Thomson's opera "4 Saints in 3 Acts" opens in NYC 
1935
Dane Caroline Mikkelson is 1st woman in land on Antarctica 
1937
1st automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica, Ca 
1938
UK Foreign Sec Eden resigns, says PM Chamberlain appeased Germany 
1940
Larry Clinton & his Orchestra record "Limehouse Blues" 
1941
1st transport of Jews to concentration camps leave Plotsk Poland 
1941
Nazis order Polish Jews barred from using public transportation 
1941
Romania breaks relations with Netherlands 
1942
Lt E H O'Hare single-handedly shoots down 5 Japanese heavy bombers, becomes America's first World War II flying ace 
1943
Allied troops occupy Kasserine pass in Tunisia 
1943
New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer's corn patch (Mexico) 
1943
Phil Wrigley & B Rickey charter All-American Girls Softball League 
1943
American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies. 
1944
Batman & Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers 
1944
US takes Eniwetok Island 
1944
World War II: The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers. 
1947
Chemical mixing error causes explosion that destroys 42 blocks in LA 
1947
Earl Mountbatten of Burma appointed as last viceroy of India 
1947
State of Prussia ceases to exist. 
1948
Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns 
1949
1st International Pancake Race held (Liberal Ks) 
1950
Dylan Thomas arrives in NYC for his 1st US poetry reading tour 
1950
WOL-AM in Washington DC swaps calls with WWDC 
1952
"African Queen" opens at Capitol Theater in NYC 
1952
1st black umpire in organized baseball certified (Emmett Ashford) 
1953
August A Busch buys the Cards for $3.75 million 
1953
US Court of Appeals rules that Organized Baseball is a sport & not a business, affirming the 25-year-old Supreme Court ruling 
1954
Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open 
1954
General Zahedi wins election in Persia 
1955
Fay Crocker wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open 
1956
WOSU TV channel 34 in Columbus, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1957
Hughie Tayfield takes 9-113 v England, 13 wkts for match 
1958
Jockey Eddie Arcaro rides his 4,000th winner 
1958
LA Coliseum Comm approves 2-yr pact allows Dodgers to use facility 
1959
The Avro Arrow program to design and manufacture supersonic jet fighters in Canada is cancelled by the Diefenbaker government amid much political debate. 
1960
Jimi Hendrix, rock and roll guitarist, plays his first gig. 
1962
John Glenn is 1st American to orbit Earth (Friendship 7) 
1963
End of the Test Cricket careers of Neil Harvey & Alan Davidson 
1963
Willie Mays (SF Giants) signs a record $100,000 per year contract 
1965
Beatles record "That Means a Lot" 
1965
Ranger 8 makes hard landing on the Moon, returns photos, other data 
1965
Turkish government of Uerguplu forms 
1966
Author Valery Tarsis banished in USSR 
1968
State troopers used tear gas to stop demonstration at Alcorn A & M 
1971
Bruin Phil Esposito is NHL's quickest to score 50 goals in a season 
1971
Maj General Idi Amin Dada appoints himself president of Uganda 
1971
Natl Emergency Center erroneously orders US radio & TV stations to go off the air. Mistake wasn't resolved for 30 minutes 
1972
1st time Cleveland Cavaliers beat NY Knicks (111-109) 
1972
Ard Schenk becomes world champ skater 
1972
Sicco Mansholt becomes chairman of European Committee 
1973
10th time Islanders shut-out-4-0 vs Penguins 
1974
Cher files for separation from husband Sonny Bono 
1974
Gordie Howe comes out of retirement for $1M from Houston Aeros, WHA 
1975
Leonard Baichan scores 105* on Test Cricket debut, v Pakistan Lahore 
1975
Margaret Thatcher elected leader of British Conservative Party 
1975
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1975
A feud begains between the Official Irish Republican Army and the Irish National Liberation Army; the two groups assassinate a number of each other's volunteers until the feud ends in June 1975 
1976
Muhammad Ali KOs Jan Pierre Coopman in 5 for heavyweight boxing title 
1976
The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization disbands. 
1977
"My Fair Lady" closes at St James Theater NYC after 384 performances 
1977
Judy Rankin wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic 
1978
4th People's Choice Awards: John Wayne & Barbra Streisand win (Motion Picture) and James Garner & Mary Tyler Moore win (TV) 
1978
Bob Backland beats Billy Graham in NY, to become WWF wrestling champ 
1978
Egypt announces it is pulling its diplomats out of Cyprus 
1978
Jane Blalock wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic 
1979
"Comin' Uptown" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 45 performances 
1979
11 loyalists known as the "Shankill Butchers" are sentenced to life in prison for 19 murders; the gang was named for its late-night kidnapping, torture and murder (by throat slashing) of random Catholic civilians in Belfast 
1981
Flight readiness firing of Columbia's main engines; 20 seconds 
1981
James Sanford equals 50m indoor world record (5.61 sec) 
1982
NY Islanders wins then NHL record 15th straight game 
1983
Japan launches Tenma satellite to study x-rays (450/570 km) 
1983
Roland Liboton becomes world champ cross-country cycling 
1985
After defending his WBC flyweight championship, Sot Chitalada's check for $104,000 is stolen by a ringside pickpocket 
1986
LA Dodger Orel Hershiser is 1st to win a $1M salary by arbitration 
1986
Mike Tyson sexually harasses a woman in Albany NY 
1987
Bomb blamed on Unabomber explodes by computer store in Salt Lake City 
1987
David Hartman quits ABC's "Good Morning America," after 11 years 
1988
500 die in heavy rains in Rio de Janeiro Brazil 
1988
Andre Hoffmann skates world record 1500m (1:52.06) 
1988
Brian Boitano wins Olympic gold medal in figure skating 
1988
Cornelia Oschkenat hurdles indoor world record 50m (6.58 sec) 
1988
Kelly Hrudy's 5th Islander shut-out win-Hartford 3-0 
1988
Peter Kalikow purchases NY Post from Rupert Murdoch for $37.6 million 
1988
Rob Druppers runs world record indoor 1000m (2:16.2) 
1988
Stefka Kostadinova high jumps indoor world record (2.06 m) 
1989
Members of 1949 Oklahoma football team cancelled an April reunion because of deplorable conduct of Oklahoma players 
1989
An IRA bomb destroys a section of a British Army barracks in Ternhill, England 
1991
"Taking Steps" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 78 performances 
1991
33rd Grammy Awards: Another Day in Paradise, Mariah Carey 
1991
A gigantic statue of Albania's long-time dictator, Enver Hoxha, is brought down in the Albanian capital, Tirana, by mobs of angry protesters. 
1992
"Private Lives" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 37 performances 
1992
Orthodox patriarch Shenouda III visits Netherlands 
1992
Ross Perot says he'll run for President on Larry King Show 
1993
Florida Marlins open their 1st spring training camp 
1993
Lisa Walters wins LPGA Itoki Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open 
1993
NY Islanders retire Billy Smith's number 31 
1994
3 Afghans take 70 Pakistani children hostage 
1994
Johann Olav Koss skates world record 10 km (13:30.55) 
1994
Pope John Paul II demands juristic discrimination of homosexuals 
1997
"Stanley" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC 
1997
SF Giants Barry Bonds signs record $22.9M 2 year contract 
1998
Tara Lipinski wins Olympic figure skating gold medal 
1998
UN Sec-Gen Kofi Annan lands in Baghdad, for peace negotiations 
1998
US movie box office hits quickest $1 billion for year (51 days) 
2001
The United States Supreme Court declines to consider an appeal by five major oil companies against Unocal's patent on production of cleaner "reformulated" gasoline sold in California 
2002
In Reqa Al-Gharbiya, Egypt, a fire on a train injures over 65 and kills at least 370. 
2003
During a Great White concert in West Warwick, Rhode Island, a pyrotechnics display sets the club ablaze, killing 100 and injuring over 300 others. 
2005
Spain becomes the first country to vote in a referendum on ratification of the proposed Constitution of the European Union, passing it by a substantial margin, but on a low turnout. 
2010
In Madeira Island, Portugal, heavy rain causes floods and mudslides, leaving at least 32 deaths in the worst disaster on the history of the archipelago. 
2012
Scientists successfully regenerate Silene stenophylla from a 31,800 year old piece of fruit, greatly surpassing the previous record of 2,000 years 
2012
South Korea angers North Korea as it proceeds with live fire drills in disputed Korean sea borders 
2013
Estonia becomes the first country to establish a national system of fast chargers for electric cars 
2013
Kepler-37b, the smallest known exoplanet, is discovered 
2016
2 Serbians believed among 49 killed in US airstrike in Libya 
2016
Umberto Eco, famed author of 'The Name of the Rose,' dead at 84 
2016
Lock of John Lennon's hair sells for thousands 
2017
Three Top American Gymnasts Accuse Doctor of Sexual Abuse 
2017
CCTV footage shows deadly assault on N. Korean leader's half-brother 
2017
Anthony Davis has 52 to lead West to win in All Star Game 
2017
Hitler's phone sold for $243000 at US auction 
2017
SpaceX successfully launches rocket after Saturday setback 
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