Today in History - Historical Events - February 14th

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Notable Historical Events on February 14th

1931The original "Dracula", starring Bela Lugosi as the titular vampire, is released

198849th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Gary Player

1966Wilt Chamberlain breaks NBA career scoring record at 20,884 points

1895Oscar Wilde's "Importance of Being Earnest," opens in London

1988Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Classic

1076Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV (for the 1st time)

1995The Portland Trail Blazers trade Clyde Drexler to the Houston Rockets, who end up winning the 1995 NBA Championship

1951Sugar Ray Robinson defeats Jake LaMotta & takes middleweight title

1803Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution is void.

1971Richard Nixon installs secret taping system in White House

1849In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes first serving US President to have his photograph taken (by Matthew Brady).

20008th ESPY Awards: Tiger Woods, Mia Hamm win

1931Bradman scores 152 Aust v WI, 154 minutes, 13 fours 2 fives

2010Alexandre Bilodeau wins the Gold Medal in the freestyle skiing men's moguls event, becoming the first Canadian to win a Gold Medal during a Canadian-hosted Olympics

1929St Valentine's Day Massacre in Chicago, 7 gangsters killed, allegedly on Al Capone's orders

1797The Battle of Cape St Vincent: British fleet under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeats larger Spanish fleet under Admiral Don José de Córdoba y Ramos near Cape St. Vincent, Portugal. Captain Horatio Nelson distinguishes himself.

1939Victor Fleming replaces George Cukor as director of Gone With the Wind

19942nd ESPY Awards: Barry Bonds, Julie Krone win

February 14th Historical Events
Date Event
842
Charles II & Louis the German sign treaty 
1009
First known mention of Lithuania, in the annals of the monastery of Quedlinburg. 
1014
Pope Benedict VIII crowns Henry II Roman German Emperor 
1076
Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV (for the 1st time) 
1130
Jewish Cardinal Pietro Pierleone elected as anti-pope Anacletus II 
1540
Emperor Charles V enters Ghent without resistance, executes rebels 
1556
Archbishop Thomas Cranmer declared a heretic 
1610
Polish king Sigismund III, Forges Dimitri #2 & Romanov family sign covenant against Tsar Vasili Shushki 
1630
Dutch fleet of 69 ships reaches Pernambuco, Brazil 
1670
Roman Catholic emperor Leopold I chases Jews out of Vienna 
1689
English parliament places Mary Stuart/Prince William III on the throne 
1743
Henry Pelham becomes Britain's First Lord of Treasury 
1747
Astronomer James Bradley presents his discovery of the wobbling motion of the Earth on its axis to the Royal Society, London 
1766
Dutch governor Falck and King Keerthisiri Rajasinghe of Kandy sign Treaty of Batticaloa 
1778
"Stars & Stripes" arrives in foreign port for 1st time (France) 
1794
1st US textile machinery patent granted, to James Davenport, Phila 
1797
The Battle of Cape St Vincent: British fleet under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeats larger Spanish fleet under Admiral Don José de Córdoba y Ramos near Cape St. Vincent, Portugal. Captain Horatio Nelson distinguishes himself. 
1803
Apple parer patented by Moses Coats, Downington, Penn 
1803
Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution is void. 
1804
Karadjordje leads the First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire. 
1831
Ras Marye of Yejju marches into Tigray and defeats and kills Dejazmach Sabagadis in the Battle of Debre Abbay. 
1844
Lt. John C. Frémont first European to discover Lake Tahoe in the US 
1849
In New York City, James Knox Polk becomes first serving US President to have his photograph taken (by Matthew Brady). 
1855
Texas is linked by telegraph to the rest of the United States, with the completion of a connection between New Orleans and Marshall, Texas. 
1859
Oregon admitted as 33rd state of the Union 
1862
Galena, 1st US iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched, Connecticut 
1867
Hartford Steam Boiler Inspection & Insurance Co issues 1st policy 
1867
Morehouse College organizes (Augusta Georgia) 
1872
1st state bird refuge authorized (Lake Merritt CA) 
1876
A G Bell & Elisha Gray apply separately for telephone patents Supreme Court eventually rules Bell rightful inventor 
1879
Chilean troops occupy Antofagasta 
1883
1st state labor union legislation; NJ legalizes unions 
1887
Cubs sell Mike King Kelly to Boston for record $10,000 
1889
1st train load of fruit (oranges) leaves LA for east 
1890
1st NSW v South Australia 1st-class cricket game 
1894
Venus is both a morning star & evening star 
1895
Oscar Wilde's "Importance of Being Earnest," opens in London 
1896
George Lohmann takes a hat-trick v South Africa, 8-7 for inning 
1896
South Africa all out for 30 v England - their lowest ever 
1896
Stanley Cup: Winnipeg Victorias beat Montreal Victorias, 2-0 
1896
Theodor Herzl publishes "Der Judenstaat" 
1899
US Congress begins using voting machines 
1900
Date of events in movie "Picnic at Hanging Rock" 
1900
Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country. 
1903
US Dept of Commerce & Labor forms 
1907
1st US foxhound association forms in NYC 
1912
1st US submarines with diesel engines commissioned, Groton, Ct 
1912
Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state 
1914
High Council of Labor forms in Hague Netherlands 
1918
H Atteridge & S Rombergs musical "Sinbad," premieres in NYC 
1918
USSR adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar (originally Feb 1) 
1919
United Parcel Service forms 
1919
The Polish-Soviet War begins. 
1920
League of Women Voters forms in Chicago 
1921
Canadian 5 cent nickel coin is authorized 
1921
Little Review faces obscenity charges for publishing "Ulysses," NY 
1924
IBM Corporation founded by Thomas Watson 
1925
State of emergency crisis in Bavaria ends, NSDAP re-allowed 
1929
St Valentine's Day Massacre in Chicago, 7 gangsters killed, allegedly on Al Capone's orders 
1931
Bradman scores 152 Aust v WI, 154 minutes, 13 fours 2 fives 
1931
Spanish government of General Damasco Berenguer falls 
1931
The original "Dracula", starring Bela Lugosi as the titular vampire, is released 
1932
South Africa all out for 36 in 1st innings v Aust (Ironmonger 5-6) 
1934
NHL Ace Bailey Benefit Game: Toronto beats All-Stars 7-3 in Toronto 
1936
National Negro Congress organizes in Chicago 
1936
US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson 
1936
US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee 
1939
Victor Fleming replaces George Cukor as director of Gone With the Wind 
1940
British merchant vessel fleet is armed 
1941
One millionth vehicle traverses the NY Midtown Tunnel 
1941
Carson McCuller's "Reflections in a Golden Eye" published 
1941
Cebrie Park in the Bronx renamed Halsey Street 
1941
German Afrika Korps lands in Tripoli, Libya 
1942
Japanese parachutists land near oil center Palembang, Sumatra 
1942
Rotterdam's Maas tunnel opens 
1942
WWII: Battle of Pasir Panjang contributes to the fall of Singapore. 
1943
German offensive through de Faid-pass Tunisia 
1943
Soviets recapture Rostov 
1943
World War II: Rostov-on-Don, Russia is liberated. 
1944
Anti-Japanese revolt on Java 
1944
Carl Wick publishes "Salmon Trolling for Commercial & Sport Fishing 
1945
US 8th Air Force bombs Dresden 
1945
Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN 
1945
World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden. 
1945
World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans. 
1946
Bank of England nationalized 
1949
1st session of Knesset (Jerusalem Israel) 
1949
Dutch Drees government presents plan for the building of 30,000 houses 
1950
Moroney scores cricket twin centuries for Australia at Johannesburg 
1950
USSR & China sign peace treaty 
1951
Sugar Ray Robinson defeats Jake LaMotta & takes middleweight title 
1952
6th Olympic winter games open at Oslo, Norway 
1954
Beverly Hanson wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open 
1954
Sen John Kennedy appears on "Meet the Press" 
1954
WTOC TV channel 11 in Savannah, GA (CBS) begins broadcasting 
1955
WFLA (now WXFL) TV channel 8 in Tampa-St Petersburg, FL (NBC) begins 
1956
20th Congress of CPSU opens in Moscow 
1956
Indonesia withdraws from Neth Indonesian Union 
1956
Verhoeven/Nauta/De King/Wijnhout win Dutch 11 city skate 
1957
Georgia Senate unanimously approves Sen Leon Butts' bill barring blacks from playing baseball with whites 
1958
Arab Federation of Iraq & Jordan forms 
1959
$3.6 million heroin seizure in NYC 
1960
Beverly Hanson wins LPGA St Petersburg Golf Open 
1960
Marshal Ayub Khan elected president of Pakistan 
1961
Element 103, Lawrencium, 1st produced in Berkeley Calif 
1961
Louise Suggs wins LPGA Royal Poinciana Golf Invitational 
1962
1st lady Jacqueline Kennedy conducts White House tour on TV 
1963
US launches communications satellite Syncom 1 
1966
Australian currency is decimalised, and decimal currency postage stamps introduced 
1966
Wilt Chamberlain breaks NBA career scoring record at 20,884 points 
1966
Writers Andrei Sinjavski & Joeij Daniel found guilty 
1967
Aretha Franklin records "Respect" 
1967
Latin American nuclear free zone proposal drawn up 
1968
Pennsylvania Railroad/NYC Central merge into Penn Central 
1968
WHKY TV channel 14 in Hickory, NC (IND) begins broadcasting 
1970
"Gantry" closes at George Abbott Theater NYC after 1 performance 
1971
Movie "Ben Hur" 1st shown on television 
1971
Richard Nixon installs secret taping system in White House 
1971
Tehran agreement signed; oil companies accept 55 percent tax rate, immediate increase in posted prices, and further successive increases 
1972
John & Yoko co-host "Mike Douglas Show" for entire week 
1972
Luna 20 (Russia) launched to orbit & soft landing on Moon 
1972
CBS "Late Movie" premieres 
1972
Lord Widgery arrives in Coleraine, where the 'Bloody Sunday' (30 January 1972) Tribunal was to be based, and holds a preliminary hearing 
1975
Bomb explodes at annex of Amsterdam metro station 
1976
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1978
1st "micro on a chip" patented by Texas Instruments 
1978
In girls' HS basketball, Chicago Latin beats Harvard St George 
1979
"Whoopee!" opens at ANTA Theater NYC for 204 performances 
1979
In Kabul, Muslims kidnap the American ambassador to Afghanistan, Adolph Dubs who is later killed during a gunfight between his kidnappers and police. 
1980
"West Side Story" opens at Minskoff Theater NYC for 341 performances 
1980
13th Winter Olympic games open in Lake Placid, NY 
1980
US launches Solar Maximum Mission Observatory to study solar flares 
1981
Stardust Disaster: A fire in a Dublin nightclub kills 48 people 
1982
"Night of 100 Stars" takes place at NY's Radio City Music Hall 
1982
Hollis Stacy wins LPGA S&H Golf Classic 
1985
Hostage CNN reporter Jeremy Levin is released in Beirut 
1987
53,745 largest NBA crowd to date-Phila at Detroit 
1988
49th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Gary Player 
1988
Alfredo Stroessner re-elected president of Paraguay 
1988
Bobby Allison at 50 becomes oldest driver to win Daytona 500 
1988
Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Classic 
1989
African National Congress (ANC) opens office in Amsterdam 
1989
Ayatollah Khomeini orders Moslems to murder "Satanic Verses" novelist Rushdie 
1989
Union Carbide agrees to pay $470 mill damages for Bhopol disaster 
1989
World's 1st satellite Skyphone opens 
1989
The first of 24 satellites of the Global Positioning System are placed into orbit. 
1990
Alan Ayckbourn's "Man of the Moment," premieres in London 
1990
Perrier recalls 160 million bottles of sparkling water after traces of benzene, a carcinogen, are found in some 
1990
Space probe Voyager 1 takes photograph of entire solar system 
1991
"Mule Bone" opens at Ethel Barrymore Theater NYC for 67 performances 
1991
NL Cy Young winner Doug Drabek wins record $3 mil salary arbitration 
1991
"The Silence of the Lambs", starring Jodie Foster and Anthony Hopkins, is released 
1992
Andre Cason runs world record 6 m indoor (6.41 sec) 
1992
Cease fire in Somalia begins 
1992
Kieren John Perkins swims world record 800m freestyle (7:46.60) 
1992
Merlene Ottey runs world record 60m indoor (6.96 sec) 
1993
Fire in Linxi department store in Tangshan China, kills 79 
1994
Alexander Golubev skates Olympic record 500m (36.33) 
1994
Andrei Chikatilo, a Russian serial killer is executed by shooting. 
1994
2nd ESPY Awards: Barry Bonds, Julie Krone win 
1995
Wellington 2-498d & 4-475 beat Canterbury 496 & 2-476d 
1995
The Portland Trail Blazers trade Clyde Drexler to the Houston Rockets, who end up winning the 1995 NBA Championship 
1998
Authorities in the United States announce that Eric Robert Rudolph is a suspect in an Alabama abortion clinic bombing. 
2000
The spacecraft NEAR Shoemaker enters orbit around asteroid 433 Eros, the first spacecraft to orbit an asteroid. 
2000
8th ESPY Awards: Tiger Woods, Mia Hamm win 
2002
Fishing vessel Tullaghmurray Lass sinks off the coast of Kilkeel, County Down, Northern Ireland killing three members of the same family on board. 
2004
In a suburb of Moscow, Russia, the roof of the Transvaal water park collapses, killing more than 25 people, and wounding more than 100 others. 
2005
Lebanon's former Prime Minister, Rafik Hariri, is assassinated, prompting the country to fall into chaos. 
2005
Seven people are killed and 151 wounded in a series of bombings by suspected Al-Qaeda-linked militants that hit the Philippines' Makati financial district in Metro Manila, Davao City, and General Santos City. 
2008
Northern Illinois University shooting: a gunman opened fire in a lecture hall of the DeKalb County, Illinois university resulting in 24 casualties; 6 fatalities (including gunman) and 18 injured. 
2010
Alexandre Bilodeau wins the Gold Medal in the freestyle skiing men's moguls event, becoming the first Canadian to win a Gold Medal during a Canadian-hosted Olympics 
2011
The 2011 Bahraini uprising commenced. 
2013
A suicide bombing kills 4 police officer and injures 5 in Dagestan 
2013
Oscar Pistorius, a South African amputee sprint runner, is charged with the murder of Reeva Steenkamp 
2013
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world's largest and highest-energy particle accelerator, will be switched off for two years for upgrading 
2013
The recession in the Eurozone economy deepens with a fall of 0.6% in GDP in the fourth quarter of 2012 
2013
Japan remains in recession as the economy shrinks by a further 0.1% 
2014
Italian Prime Minister Enrico Letta resigns after less than a year in office 
2016
Church of England criticized over prayers for atheist Richard Dawkins 
2016
Sports Illustrated has 3 swimsuit cover models this year 
2016
'The Revenant' wins top prize at British Academy Film Awards 
2017
Ku Klux Klan Leader Found Dead in Missouri 
2017
Seattle judge says Trump travel ban case should continue during appeals 
2017
UN Security Council condemns North Korea missile launching 
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