Today in History - Historical Events - December 8th

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Notable Historical Events on December 8th

1863Abraham Lincoln's Amnesty Proclamation and plan for Reconstruction of South

1902Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr became Associate Justice on Supreme Court

1849Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Luisa Miller" premieres in Naples

1886American Federation of Labor (AFL) formed by 26 craft unions Samuel Gompers elected AFL president

1987US President Reagan & Soviet General Secretary Gorbachev sign a treaty eliminating medium range nuclear missiles

1994Darryl Strawberry indicted on tax evasion charges

1961Wilt Chamberlain scores the 2nd highest total in the NBA - 78

1980Annie Leibovitz has a photo-shoot with John Lennon, the last person to professionally photograph him before his death

198473rd Australian Men Tennis: Mats Wilander beats K Curren (67 64 76 62)

1966A terrible Yankee trade, Roger Maris for Card's Charlie Smith

1914Irving Berlin's musical "Watch your Step" premieres in NYC

1955Brooklyn catcher Roy Campanella wins his 3rd MVP Award

1984Ringo Starr appears on Saturday Night Live

19934th Billboard Music Awards: Whitney Houston, The Bodyguard Soundtrack win

1987Flyers' Ron Hextall becomes 1st goalie to actually score a goal

1963Mickey Wright/Dave Ragan Jr wins LPGA Haig & Haig Scotch Mixed Golf

1776George Washington's retreating army crosses Delaware River from NJ

1874Jesse James gang takes train at Muncie Kansas

1949"On the Town", the film adaptation of the Broadway musical, starring Gene Kelly, Frank Sinatra, Ann Miller and Vera-Ellen, is released

1914Connie Mack sells Eddie Collins to the White Sox

December 8th Historical Events
Date Event
1326
Daitokuji temple, Rinzai line, established in Kyoto by Daito Kokushi 
1609
Biblioteca Ambrosiana opens its reading room, the second public library of Europe. 
1659
Mexican border town Ciudad Juárez is founded by Fray García de San Francisco. 
1710
Battle of Brihuega in the War of the Spanish Succession: British General James Stanhope captured by French & Spanish forces 
1776
George Washington's retreating army crosses Delaware River from NJ 
1777
Captain Cook leaves Society Islands 
1792
1st cremation in US, Henry Laurens 
1794
1st issue of Herald of Rutland, VT published 
1813
Ludwig von Beethoven's 7th Symphony in A, premieres 
1846
Hector Berlioz's "La Damnation de Faust" premieres 
1849
Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Luisa Miller" premieres in Naples 
1852
Gustav Freytag's "Die Journalisten" premieres in Breslau 
1854
Pope Pius IX proclaims Immaculate Conception, makes Mary, free of Original Sin 
1857
1st production of Dion Boucicaults "Poor of NY" 
1863
2,500 reported killed as result of fire at Jesuit Church of La Compana Santiago Chile 
1863
Abraham Lincoln's Amnesty Proclamation and plan for Reconstruction of South 
1864
Pope Pius IX publishes encyclical Quanta cura ("Syllabus errorum") 
1869
20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome 
1869
Timothy Eaton founds T. Eaton Co. Limited in Toronto, Canada. 
1874
Jesse James gang takes train at Muncie Kansas 
1875
Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Volki i Ovsty" premieres in St Petersburg 
1876
Suriname begins compulsory education for 7-12 years 
1880
5,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal South-Africa 
1881
Vienna's Ring Theater destroyed by fire, kills between 640-850 
1886
American Federation of Labor (AFL) formed by 26 craft unions Samuel Gompers elected AFL president 
1895
Battle at Amba Alagi: Ethiopian emperor Menelik II drives Italian general Baratieri's out 
1896
Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Missing 3 Quarter" (BG) 
1902
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr became Associate Justice on Supreme Court 
1907
King Gustaf V of Sweden accedes to the Swedish throne. 
1909
Bird banding society found 
1913
Construction starts on Palace of Fine Arts in SF 
1914
British & German fleets battle at Falkland Island 
1914
Connie Mack sells Eddie Collins to the White Sox 
1914
Irving Berlin's musical "Watch your Step" premieres in NYC 
1914
Boers rebelling against the British have recently suffered several defeats; today, one of their leaders, General Beyers, accidently drowns 
1915
Jean Sibelius' 5th Symphony in E premieres 
1915
John McCrae's poem "In Flanders Fields" appears anonymously in "Punch" magazine 
1921
Eamon de Valera publicly repudiates Anglo-Irish Treaty 
1923
German-US friendship treaty signed 
1923
Labour/Liberals win British parliament 
1923
Salary & price freeze in Germany 
1930
Broadway Theater opens at 1681 Broadway NYC 
1930
Cole Porter's musical "NYCers" premieres in NYC 
1931
Coaxial cable patented 
1934
Friedrich Wolf's "Professor Mamlock" premieres in Zurich 
1935
The Japanese military police launches a violent suppression of the religious sect Oomoto, beginning with a crackdown on the sect's operational bases of Ayabe and Kameoka in Kyoto Prefecture and the arrest of its leader Onisaburo Deguchi. 
1936
Anastasio Somoza elected pres of Nicaragua 
1936
NAACP files suit to equalize salaries of black & white teachers 
1938
Highest temperature for December in US recorded in La Mesa Calif 
1938
LP Beria follows Nikolai Jezjov as head of Russian secret police 
1940
1st NFL championship on national radio; Bears beat Redskins 73-0 
1941
Destruction Camp Chelmo opens 
1941
London: Dutch government declares war on Japan 
1941
Russian 16th army recaptures Krijukovo 
1941
SF 1st blackout, at 6:15 PM 
1941
US & Britain declare war on Japan, US enters WW II 
1941
President Roosevelt delivers "Day of Infamy" speech to US Congress a day after the bombing of Pearl Harbour 
1942
8th Heisman Trophy Award: Frank Sinkwich, Georgia (HB) 
1943
John Van Druten's "Voice of the Turtle" premieres in NYC 
1946
Army rocket plane XS-1 makes 1st powered flight 
1947
"Caribbean Carnival" opens at International Theater NYC for 11 perfs 
1948
"Marinka" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 168 performances 
1948
14th Heisman Trophy Award: Doak Walker, SMU (HB) 
1948
Jordan annexs Arabic Palestine 
1949
"Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 740 perfs 
1949
Chinese Nationalist government moves from Chinese mainland to Formosa 
1949
Jule Styne's "Gentlemen Prefer Blondes" premieres in NYC 
1949
"On the Town", the film adaptation of the Broadway musical, starring Gene Kelly, Frank Sinatra, Ann Miller and Vera-Ellen, is released 
1951
"Tree Grows in Brooklyn" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 267 perfs 
1951
AL alters its restrictions on night games, adopting NL's suspended game rule & lifting its ban on lights for Sunday games 
1952
1st TV acknowledgement of pregnancy (I Love Lucy) 
1952
French troops shoot on demonstrators at Casablanca, 50 die 
1952
Isaak Ben-Zwi elected pres of Israel 
1953
19th Heisman Trophy Award: John Lattner, Notre Dame (HB) 
1953
Dwight D. Eisenhower gives his "Atoms for Peace" speech at the UN in New York. 
1954
Maxwell Anderson's "Bad Seed," premieres in NYC 
1954
WPTZ TV channel 5 in Plattsburgh, NY (NBC) begins broadcasting 
1955
21st Heisman Trophy Award: Howard Cassady, Ohio State (HB) 
1955
Brooklyn catcher Roy Campanella wins his 3rd MVP Award 
1955
Turkish government of Menderes forms 
1956
16th Olympic games close at Melbourne, Australia 
1956
1st test firing of Vanguard satellite program, TV-0 
1956
Guy Mitchell's "Singing the Blues," single goes #1 for 10 weeks 
1959
Dom Mintoff demands independence for Malta 
1959
President Eisenhower watches Pakistan v Aust Test Cricket at Karachi 
1960
Expansion LA Angels sign a 4 year lease to use Dodger Stadium 
1961
Antwerp Belgium diocese forms 
1961
Larry Costello scores 32 consecutive pts without a miss (NBA rec) 
1961
South Africa v NZ, Durban debuts for Eddie Barlow & Peter Pollock 
1961
Wilt Chamberlain scores the 2nd highest total in the NBA - 78 
1962
"I Can Get It For You Wholesale" closes at Shubert NYC after 300 perfs 
1962
114-day newspaper strike begins in NYC 
1962
Failed coup in Brunei 
1962
Funeral for Queen Wilhelmina of Holland (New Kerk, Delft) 
1963
"Girl Who Came to Supper" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 112 perfs 
1963
Mickey Wright/Dave Ragan Jr wins LPGA Haig & Haig Scotch Mixed Golf 
1963
Pan Am Flight 214 crashes outside Elkton, Maryland with 81 killed. Only case of lighting causing air crash 
1965
Abe Burrows' "Cactus Flower" premieres in NYC 
1965
Nikolai Podgorny succeeds Mikojan as president of USSR 
1965
Pope Paul VI signs 2nd Vatican council 
1966
A terrible Yankee trade, Roger Maris for Card's Charlie Smith 
1966
US & USSR sign treaty to prohibit nuclear weapons in outer space 
1967
Beatles' "Magical Mystery Tour" album is released in UK 
1967
NHL California Seals change name to Oakland Seals 
1969
Greek DC-6B crashes in storm at Athens, 93 killed 
1969
Police surprise attack on Black-Panthers in LA 
1970
Head of the Catholic Church in Ireland Cardinal William Conway publishes a pamphlet on the topic of segregation in education in Northern Ireland 
1972
United Airlines crashes at Chicago's Midway Airport killing 45 
1973
"Seesaw" closes at Uris Theater NYC after 296 performances 
1973
39th Heisman Trophy Award: John Cappelletti, Penn State (RB) 
1974
Greek monarchy rejected by referendum 
1974
Irish Republican Socialist Party forms 
1974
Sandra Post wins LPGA Colgate Far East Golf Open 
1974
Soyuz 16 returns to Earth 
1975
"Raisin" closes at 46th St Theater NYC after 847 performances 
1976
UN General Assembly re-elects Kurt Waldheim secretary-General 
1976
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1977
43rd Heisman Trophy Award: Earl Campbell, Texas (RB) 
1977
Portugal's premier Soares resigns 
1978
Commencement of the 1st day/night WSC cricket supertest at VFL Park 
1980
"Bravo" network premieres on cable TV 
1980
Annie Leibovitz has a photo-shoot with John Lennon, the last person to professionally photograph him before his death 
1981
France performs nuclear test 
1982
"Herman Van Veen: All of Him" opens at Ambassador NYC for 6 perfs 
1982
Clark Gilles fails in 7th Islander penalty shot 
1982
Suriname army leader Bouterse murders 15 opponents 
1982
Norman Mayer holds Washington Monument hostage, demanding an end to nuclear weapons. Is killed by police after 10 hrs (he had no explosives) 
1983
9th Space Shuttle Mission, Columbia 6, lands at Edwards AFB 
1983
Richard Baker, Zen teacher, steps down from abbotship of SF Zen Center 
1984
73rd Australian Men Tennis: Mats Wilander beats K Curren (67 64 76 62) 
1984
Europe & 64 developing countries sign Lome III treaty 
1984
Ringo Starr appears on Saturday Night Live 
1985
60th Australian Womens Tennis: M Navratilova beats C Evert (62 46 62) 
1985
Ken O'Brien's 96 yard TD pass (NY Jet record) to Wesley Walker 
1985
Laurie Rinker/Larry Rinker wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic 
1986
House Dems select majority leader Jim Wright as 48th speaker 
1987
Flyers' Ron Hextall becomes 1st goalie to actually score a goal 
1987
Jack Sikma (Milwaukee) begins NBA free throw streak of 51 games 
1987
Occupied Palestinians start "intefadeh" (uprising) against Israel 
1987
US President Reagan & Soviet General Secretary Gorbachev sign a treaty eliminating medium range nuclear missiles 
1987
The Alianza Lima air disaster. 
1988
Knick's set NBA record of 11 3-pointers & sink Bucks, 113-109 
1989
Great Britain performs nuclear test 
1990
Galileo Earth-1 Flyby 
1990
Indians agree to a lease new ballpark in Gateway (Jacobs Field) 
1991
"Homecoming" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 49 performances 
1991
"Nick & Nora" opens at Marquis Theater NYC for 9 performances 
1991
Kris Tschetter/Billy Andrade wins LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic 
1991
Russia, Belorussia & Ukraine form Commonwealth of Ind States 
1991
The Romanian Constitution is adopted in a referendum. 
1992
Galileo's nearest approach to Jupiter (303 km) 
1992
NBC announces that "Cheers" will go off the air in May 1993 
1993
30 killed at religious rebellion in Algeria 
1993
4th Billboard Music Awards: Whitney Houston, The Bodyguard Soundtrack win 
1993
Dow-Jones hits record 3734.53 
1993
Storm hits West Europe, 11 killed in England 
1994
"What's Wrong With this Picture?" opens at Circle in Sq NYC for 12 per 
1994
Darryl Strawberry indicted on tax evasion charges 
1994
Fire in cinema in Karamay China, 310 killed 
1996
"God Said, Ha!" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 22 performances 
1996
Donna Andrews & Mike Hulbert win LPGA J C Penney Golf Classic 
1997
8th Billboard Music Awards: LeAnn Rimes & Spice Girls win 
1998
Tadjena massacre: 81 people are killed by armed groups in Algeria. 
2002
The Caribbean Community Heads of Government meet with the Government of Cuba and declare the date to be "CARICOM-Cuba Day" - To celebrate diplomatic ties between the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) and Cuba. 
2004
The Cuzco Declaration is signed in Cuzco, Peru, establishing the South American Community of Nations. 
2005
Ante Gotovina, Croatian army general accused of war crimes, is captured in the Playa de las Américas, Tenerife by the Spanish police. 
2008
Kirsty Williams elected as Leader of the Welsh Liberal Democrats. The first female leader of a political party in Wales. 
2009
Bombings in Baghdad, Iraq kill 127 and injure 448. 
2010
With the second launch of the SpaceX Dragon, SpaceX becomes the first privately held company to successfully launch, orbit and recover a spacecraft. 
2012
UN climate conference agrees to extend the Kyoto Protocol to 2020 
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