Today in History - Historical Events - December 25th

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Notable Historical Events on December 25th

1991Mikhail Gorbachev formally resigns as President of USSR in a televised speech

1834Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas on Beagle at Tres Montes, Chile

1915Irving Berlin & Harry B Smith's musical premieres in NYC

800Pope Leo III crowns Charles the Great (Charlemagne), Roman emperor

1896"Stars & Stripes Forever" written by John Philip Sousa

1492Columbus' ship Santa Maria runs aground and sinks on Hispaniola

274Roman Emperor Aurelian dedicates a temple to Sol Invictus on the supposed day of the winter solstice and day of rebirth of the Sun.

2013"The Wolf of Wall Street", starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Jonah Hill, is released

1835Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in Pahia, New Zealand

1977Israeli PM Menachem Begin meets Egyptian Pres Sadat in Egypt

1940Bradman out 1st ball for SA v Victoria before 6213

1833Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in Port Desire, Patagonia

1832Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in St Martin at Cape Receiver

1223St Francis of Assisi assembles 1st Nativity scene (Greccio, Italy)

1932During King George V's Christmas dinner speech his chair collapes

2008Phil Jackson becomes the sixth coach in NBA history to win 1,000 games

1957Ed Gein found insane of murder

1967Paul McCartney & Jane Asher get engaged

1964George Harrison's girlfriend Patti Boyd attacked by female Beatle fans

1997Jerry Seinfeld says this is the final season of his TV show

1741Astronomer Anders Celsius introduces Centigrade temperature scale

1922-Dec 26] Lenin dictates his "Political testament"

December 25th Historical Events
Date Event
1
1st Christmas, according to calendar-maker Dionysus Exiguus 
274
Roman Emperor Aurelian dedicates a temple to Sol Invictus on the supposed day of the winter solstice and day of rebirth of the Sun. 
337
Earliest possible date that Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th 
352
1st definite date Christmas was celebrated on Dec 25th 
390
Roman emperor Theodosius admits debt on mass murder in Thessalonica 
498
French King Clovis baptises himself 
597
England adopts Julian calendar 
604
Battle at Etampes (Stampae): Burgundy beat Neustriers 
800
Pope Leo III crowns Charles the Great (Charlemagne), Roman emperor 
875
Charles, the Bare, crowned emperor of Rome 
967
John XIII crowned Otto II the Red German compassionate emperor 
969
Johannes I Tzimisces crowned emperor of Byzantium 
979
Rotardus appointed as bishop of the kingdom 
999
Heribertus becomes bishop of Cologne 
1000
Monarch Istvan crowned king of Hungary 
1046
Pope Clemens VI crowns Henry III as Holy Roman Emperor 
1048
Parliament of Worms: Emperor Henry III names his cousin count Bruno van Egisheim/Dagsburg as Pope Leo IX 
1066
Duke William of Normandy ('William the Conqueror) crowned king of England 
1100
Boudouin I of Boulogne crowned king of Jerusalem 
1101
Henry I of Limburg becomes duke of Neth-Lutherans 
1121
Norbertus van Xanten finds order of the Norbertijnen 
1130
Anti-pope Anacletus II crowns Roger II the Norman king of Sicily 
1223
St Francis of Assisi assembles 1st Nativity scene (Greccio, Italy) 
1261
John IV Lascaris of the restored Eastern Roman Empire is deposed and blinded by orders of his co-ruler Michael VIII Palaeologus. 
1492
Columbus' ship Santa Maria runs aground and sinks on Hispaniola 
1522
Turkish troops occupy Rhodos 
1553
Battle of Tucapel: Mapuche rebels under Lautaro defeats the Spanish conquistadors and exetutes the governor of Chile Pedro de Valdivia. 
1582
Zealand/Brabant adopts Gregorian calendar, yesterday was Dec 14th 
1599
The city of Natal, Brazil, is founded. 
1613
Johan Sigismund of Brandenburg becomes protestant 
1621
Gov William Bradford of Plymouth Colony (now in Massachusetts) forbids game playing on Christmas 
1640
Pierre de Fermat writes to Marin Mersenne about Fermat's church thesis 
1641
Emperor Ferdinand III makes appointments with Sweden & France 
1643
Christmas Island founded and named by Captain William Mynors of the East India Ship Company vessel, the Royal Mary. 
1651
Massachusetts General Court ordered a five shilling fine for "observing any such day as Christmas" 
1683
English Whig leader Duke of Monmouth flees to Holland 
1688
British king James II lands in Ambleteuse, France 
1688
Lord Delamere sides with King James II 
1717
Floods ravage Dutch coast provinces, thousands killed 
1741
Astronomer Anders Celsius introduces Centigrade temperature scale 
1745
Prussia and Austria sign Treaty of Dresden giving much of Silesia to the Prussians 
1758
Return of Halley's comet 1st sighted by Johann Georg Palitzsch 
1760
Jupiter Hammon, NY slave, publishes poetry in "An Evening Throught" 
1769
First Christian service in New Zealand; Mass is celebrated in Doubtless Bay by Father Paul-Antoine Léonard de Villefeix of the de Surville expedition 
1775
Pope Pius VI encyclical on the problems of the pontificate 
1776
Washington crosses Delaware & surprises & defeats 1,400 Hessians 
1809
Physician Ephraim McDowell performs the first abdominal surgery in the U.S, an ovariotomy to remove a 22 lb ovarian tumor 
1814
Rev Samuel Marsden of the Church Missionary Society holds the first Christian service in New Zealand on land, at Rangihoua 
1818
1st known Christmas carol ("Silent Night, Holy Night") sung (Austria) 
1818
Handel's Messiah, premieres in the US in Boston 
1830
Hector Berlioz's "Symphony Fantastic" premieres 
1831
Louisiana & Arkansas are 1st states to observe Christmas as holiday 
1832
Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in St Martin at Cape Receiver 
1833
Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in Port Desire, Patagonia 
1834
Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas on Beagle at Tres Montes, Chile 
1835
Charles Darwin celebrates Christmas in Pahia, New Zealand 
1837
Battle of Okeechobee-US forces defeat Seminole Indians 
1843
1st theatre matinee (Olympic Theatre, NYC) 
1848
New Haven Railroad opens 
1862
40,000 watch Union army men play baseball at Hilton Head, SC 
1868
Despite bitter opposition, President A Johnson grants unconditional pardon to all persons involved in Southern rebellion (Civil War) 
1875
Lambs Club in NY forms 
1888
1st indoor baseball game played at fairgrounds in Philadelphia 
1894
1st midwestern football team to play on west coast, University of Chicago defeats Stanford 24-4 at Palo Alto, CA in football 
1896
"Stars & Stripes Forever" written by John Philip Sousa 
1899
Farmers send/guide belegerd Ladysmith Kerstpudding/desire in grenade 
1900
Arthur Schnitzlers "Leutnant Gustl" forbidden in Germany 
1901
Battle at Tweefontein Orange-Free state: Boers surprise attack Brits 
1901
At Tweefontein, a British force is camped on a hill slope; at 2am it is attacked by Boers coming down from the other side 
1902
Clyde Fitch' "Girl with Green Eyes" premieres in NYC 
1902
Pope Leo XIII, at his annual Christmas reception, endorses the Christian Democratic movement now emerging in Europe as an attempt to offer an alternative to more radical movements 
1905
V Herbert/H Blossoms musical "Mlle Modiste" premieres in NYC 
1911
Edward Knoblock's "Kismet" premieres in NYC 
1914
Legendary "Christmas Truce" takes place on the battlefields of WWI b/w British & Germans troops - gifts exchanged and football played 
1915
Irving Berlin & Harry B Smith's musical premieres in NYC 
1917
"Why Marry" 1st drama to win Pulitzer Prize, premieres in NYC 
1917
Hirsch/Harbach's musical "Going Up" premieres in NYC 
1922
-Dec 26] Lenin dictates his "Political testament" 
1923
Imperial Theater opens at 249 W 45th St NYC 
1926
Prince-regent Hirohito becomes Emperor of Japan (1926-1989) upon the death of his father Yoshihito 
1928
Christmas Day attendance at cricket MCG (Vic v NSW) 14,887 
1928
NSW (v Vic) go from 8-74 to 9-113 to be 9-367 at stumps 
1929
Grimmett takes 6-146 for SA, Queensland all out 380 Crowd 5,390 
1930
1st US bobsled run open to public (Lake Placid, NY) 
1930
Mt Van Hoevenberg bobsled run at Lake Placid, NY opens 
1930
Slinger Nitschke scores 142 SA v Qld at Adelaide before 5,422 
1930
Tasmania all out 280, WI 2-139 at Hobart Crowd 2,500 
1931
Albert Lonergan scores 137 SA v Qld at Adelaide before 5,697 
1931
Fleetwood-Smith takes 5-69 Victoria v Tas at Hobart 
1931
NY's Metropolitan Opera broadcasts an entire opera over radio 
1932
7.6 magnitude earthquake ravages Qansu, China, kills 275 
1932
During King George V's Christmas dinner speech his chair collapes 
1933
Another Christmas Day five-wicket haul by Clarrie Grimmett 
1933
Belgian Working people's party accept Henry de Mans Plan of Labor 
1933
Stan Smith takes 8-33 for Victoria v Tasmania at Hobart 
1934
Four centuries for SA as they make 7-644 v Qld before 6,180 
1934
Samson Raphaelson's "Accent on Youth" premieres in NYC 
1936
Belgian bishops condemn fascism & communism 
1936
Ron Hamence scores 104 for SA v Queensland before 4,865 
1937
Arturo Toscanini conducts 1st Symphony of the Air over NBC Radio 
1937
Queensland all out for 93 v SA in front of 10,436 
1938
George Cukor announces Vivien Leigh will play Scarlett O'Hara 
1939
Grimmett & Ward rip through Qld except Bill Brown (156) 
1939
Montgomery Ward introduces Rudolph the 9th reindeer 
1940
Bradman out 1st ball for SA v Victoria before 6213 
1940
Richard Rodgers & Lorenz Harts "Pal Joey" premieres in NYC 
1941
Japan announces surrender of British-Canadian garrison at Hong Kong 
1941
Japanese aircraft carriers Akagi/Kagu back in Kure, Japan 
1942
Admiral Dalans murderer of Bosinier de la Chapelle, sentenced to death 
1942
British Col S W Bailey reaches Mihailovics headquarter 
1942
Russian artillery/tank battle on German armies at Stalingrad 
1946
Constitution accepted in Taiwan 
1947
Taiwan passes Human Rights laws (Day of Earth Law) 
1947
The Constitution of the Republic of China goes into effect. 
1950
Cleveland Browns beat LA Rams 30-28 in NFL championship game 
1950
Coronation Stone, taken from Scone in Scotland by Edward I in 1296, stolen from Westminster Abbey & smuggled back to Scotland 
1951
1st Christmas Day in Test Crickets, Aust v WI at Adelaide 
1951
West Indies defeat Australia by 6 wkts on 3rd day of 3rd Test Cricket 
1953
Avalanche of lava kills 150 (Ruapehu volcano, New Zealand) 
1954
WSFA TV channel 12 in Montgomery, AL (NBC) begins broadcasting 
1955
Pope Pius XII encyclical on sacred music & popular music 
1957
Ed Gein found insane of murder 
1958
Alan Freed's Christmas Rock & Roll Spectacular opens 
1959
A synagogue in Cologne Germany desecrated with swatstikas 
1959
Richard Starkey receives his 1st drum set 
1959
Sony brings transistor TV 8-301 to the market 
1962
USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR 
1962
"To Kill a Mockingbird", the film adaptation on the novel by Harper Lee, starring Gregory Peck, is released 
1963
Walt Disney's "The Sword in the Stone" is released 
1964
"Goldfinger" premieres in US 
1964
George Harrison's girlfriend Patti Boyd attacked by female Beatle fans 
1965
The Yemeni Nasserite Unionist People's Organisation is founded in Taiz 
1967
Paul McCartney & Jane Asher get engaged 
1968
Frank Borman's Christmas reading while orbiting Moon 
1968
42 Dalits are burned alive in Kilavenmani village, Tamil Nadu, India, a retaliation for a campaign for higher wages by Dalit labourers. 
1969
5 Israeli gunboats escape from Cherbourg harbor 
1969
India all out for 163 at Madras v Aust, Ashley Mallett 5-91 
1971
Longest NFL game (82m40s) as Dolphins beat Chiefs 27-24 
1971
Operation PUSH (People United to Save Humanity) form Jesse Jackson 
1971
Worst hotel fire in history kills 163 at Taeyokale Hotel in Seoul 
1972
England beat India by six wickets in the 1st Cricket Test in Delhi 
1973
Tommy Chambers (Scotland) finishes 51 yr cycle tour (799,405 miles) 
1973
The ARPANET crashes when a programming bug causes all ARPANET traffic to be routed through the server at Harvard University, causing the server to freeze. 
1973
Arab oil ministers cancel January 5 percent production cut; Saudi Arabian oil minister promises 10 percent OPEC production rise 
1974
Cyclone Tracy virtually destroys Darwin, Australia 
1974
Marshall Fields drives a vehicle through the gates of the White House, resulting in a four-hour standoff. 
1976
Egyptian SS Patria sinks in Red Sea, about 100 killed 
1976
Takeo Fukuda becomes Japanese premier 
1977
Israeli PM Menachem Begin meets Egyptian Pres Sadat in Egypt 
1979
Opening day of 4th Test Cricket, India 8-112 v Pakistan at Kanpur 
1979
USSR airlifts invasionary army to Afghanistan 
1982
Mudassar Nazar scores century, then Imran Khan rips through Indians 
1983
1st live telecast of Christmas Parade at the EPCOT Centre, Disney World Florida 
1984
NBA's Bernard King scores 60 points 
1987
Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, who escaped 2 days earlier, recaptured 
1989
Japanese scientist achieve -271.8°C, coldest temp ever recorded 
1990
"Godfather III" premieres 
1990
The first successful trial run of the system which would become the World Wide Web. 
1991
Last day of a washout Pakistan v Sri Lanka at Gujranwala 
1991
Mikhail Gorbachev formally resigns as President of USSR in a televised speech 
1994
"Comedy Tonight" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC after 8 perfs 
1997
For 1st time US movie box office receipts pass $6 billion 
1997
Jerry Seinfeld says this is the final season of his TV show 
2003
The ill-fated Beagle 2 probe which was released from the Mars Express Spacecraft on December 19, disappears shortly before its scheduled landing. 
2004
Cassini orbiter releases Huygens probe which successfully landed on Saturn's moon Titan on January 14, 2005. 
2008
Phil Jackson becomes the sixth coach in NBA history to win 1,000 games 
2009
Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab unsuccessfully attempts a terrorist attack against the US while on board Northwest Airlines Flight 253 
2012
27 people are killed after an Antonov An-72 plane crashes near Shymkent, Kazakhstan 
2012
8 people are killed and thousands left homeless after two fires strike Manila, Philippines 
2013
"The Wolf of Wall Street", starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Jonah Hill, is released 
2015
Pope calls for peace in Holy Land, end to other conflicts 
2015
Oops! British astronaut Tim Peake phones wrong number from space 
2015
Top Syrian rebel leader killed in air strike 
2015
Bill Clinton's first home damaged in suspected arson 
2016
China's 1st Aircraft Carrier Heads for Western Pacific 
2016
Russian Military Plane With 92 Aboard Crashes Into Black Sea 
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