Today in History - Historical Events - December 20th

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Notable Historical Events on December 20th

1957Elvis Presley given draft notice to join US Army for National Service

1862Brig-gen Nathan Bedford Forrest occupies Trenton, Kentucky

1983PLO chairman Yasser Arafat & 4,000 loyalists evacuate Lebanon

1987Nancy Lopez/Miller Barber wins LPGA Mazda Golf Championship

1996The horror classic "Scream", starring Neve Campbell and Courteney Cox, is released

2007The painting Portrait of Suzanne Bloch (1904), by the Spanish artist Pablo Picasso, was stolen from the São Paulo Museum of Art, along with O Lavrador de Café, by the major Brazilian modernist painter Candido Portinari.

2002"Gangs of New York", starring Leonardo DiCaprio, Daniel Day-Lewis, and Cameron Diaz, is released

1985Denis Potvin passes Bobby Orr as NHL defenseman scorer (916 points)

1967"The Graduate" starring Dustin Hoffman & Anne Bancroft premieres

1940Connie Mack acquires controlling interest in the Athletics for $42,000

1823Franz Schubert's "Ballet-Musik aus Rosamunde," premieres in Vienna

1974George Harrison releases his "Dark Horse" album in UK

1983Guy Lafleur, Montreal, became 10th NHLer to score 500 goals

2007Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II becomes the oldest ever monarch of the United Kingdom, surpassing Queen Victoria, who lived for 81 years, 7 months and 29 days.

1924Adolf Hitler freed from jail early

1917Cheka formed - Soviet state security force and forerunner to the KGB, under Felix Dzerzhinsky after decree by Lenin

1699Russian Tsar Peter the Great ordered Russian New Year changed from Sept 1 to Jan 1

1920Bob Hope becomes an American citizen

1991"Father of the Bride", starring Steve Martin, Diane Keaton, and Martin Short, is released

1812"Grimm's Fairy Tales" by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm is published

December 20th Historical Events
Date Event
69
General Vespasian's troops occupy Rome after defeating the Emperor Vitellius 
1046
Synod of Sutri: German King Henry III removes Popes Gregory VI 
1046
Benedictus IX & Silvester III & names Bishop Siutger, Pope Clemens II at the Council of Sutri 
1192
Richard the Lionhearted captured in Vienna 
1448
Pope Nicholas V appoints Rudolf of Diepholt, Bishop of Utrecht, as cardinal 
1522
Suleiman the Magnificent accepts the surrender of the surviving Knights of Rhodes, who are allowed to evacuate. They eventually settle on Malta and become known as the Knights of Malta. 
1585
English fleet & Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, reach Vlissingen 
1600
Ottario Rinuccini/Giulio Caccini's opera "Euridice" published 
1606
Virginia Company settlers leave London to establish Jamestown, Virginia 
1626
Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand II and Prince of Transylvania Gabor Bethlen sign Peace of Pressburg (Bratislava) 
1661
Corporation Act enforced in England 
1669
1st jury trial in Delaware; Marcus Jacobson condemned for insurrection & sentenced to flogging, branding & slavery 
1688
Prince William of Orange's troops arrive in London 
1694
Frederik van Brandenburg flees Schweiben 
1699
Russian Tsar Peter the Great ordered Russian New Year changed from Sept 1 to Jan 1 
1745
Bonnie Prince Charlie's army reaches the river Esk 
1780
Britain declares war on Holland 
1790
1st successful US cotton mill to spin yarn (Pawtucket, RI) 
1803
French flag lowered in New Orleans to mark formal transfer of Louisiana Purchase from France to US for $27M 
1812
"Grimm's Fairy Tales" by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm is published 
1820
Missouri imposes a $1 bachelor tax on unmarried men between 21 & 50 
1823
Franz Schubert's "Ballet-Musik aus Rosamunde," premieres in Vienna 
1830
Great Britain, France, Prussia, Austria and Russia recognize Belgium 
1850
Hawaiian post office established 
1860
South Carolina secedes from the Union (US Civil War) 
1861
Battle of Dranesville, VA 
1862
-Dec 20th] Battle of Kelly's Ford, VA 
1862
-Jan 3rd] Vicksburg campaign 
1862
Battle of Holly Spring, MS 
1862
Brig-gen Nathan Bedford Forrest occupies Trenton, Kentucky 
1864
-Dec 27th] Battle of Ft Fisher, NC 
1865
De Clear-Alkmaar railway opens 
1879
Tom Edison privately demonstrated incandescent light at Menlo Park 
1880
Battle at Bronker's Spruit, Transvaal: Farmers beat Britten 
1880
NY's Broadway lit by electricity, becomes known as "Great White Way" 
1883
Intl cantilever railway bridge opens at Niagara Falls 
1891
Strongman Louis Cyr withstands pull of 4 horses 
1892
Phileas Fogg completes around world trip, according to Verne 
1892
Pneumatic automobile tire patented, Syracuse, NY 
1893
1st state anti-lynching statute approved, in Georgia 
1894
England beat Australia by 10 runs in the 1st six-day Test Cricket, Australia needed 177 to win, all out at 166 on 6th day 
1900
Giacobini discovers a comet (will be 1st comet visited by spacecraft) 
1906
Venezuela (under vice-pres Gomez) attacks Dutch fleet 
1907
Explosion at Yolande Alabama, coal mine kills 91 
1912
J Hartley Manners' "Peg O' My Heart" premieres in NYC 
1912
Paul Claudels "L'Annonce Faite à Marie" premieres in Paris 
1915
Russian troops overrun Qom, Persia 
1915
Final withdraw of all allied troops from Anzac Cove 
1917
Cheka formed - Soviet state security force and forerunner to the KGB, under Felix Dzerzhinsky after decree by Lenin 
1918
Eugene O'Neill's "Moon of the Caribees" premieres in NYC 
1919
Canadian National Railways established (N America's longest, 50,000 KM) 
1919
US House of Representatives restricts immigration 
1920
Bert Collins scores 104 on Test Cricket debut v England SCG 
1920
Bob Hope becomes an American citizen 
1921
AL votes to return to best-of-7 World Series, while NL votes best-of-9 Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis casts deciding vote for best-of-7 
1922
14 republics form Union of Soviet Socialistic Republics (USSR) 
1922
Polish parliament selects Stanislaw Wojcieckowski as president 
1924
Adolf Hitler freed from jail early 
1926
Cards trade Rogers Hornsby to Giants for Frankie Frisch & Jimmy Ring 
1926
Pope Pius XI convicts fascist pursuit in Italy 
1926
Sidney Howard's "Silver Cord" premieres in NYC 
1928
1st international dogsled mail leaves Minot, Maine for Montreal, Quebec 
1928
Ethel Barrymore Theater opens at 243 W 47th St NYC 
1929
Heinie Wagner replaces Bill Carrigan as Red Sox manager 
1929
Mount Davidson dedicated as a SF city park 
1930
Learie Constantine cricket 100 in 52 mins WI v Tas (10x4, 1x6, 1x5) 
1932
Queensland all out 74 v Victoria, Ironmonger (age 50) 7-13 
1933
Bolivia & Paraguay sign cease fire 
1935
Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Ad Catholici Sacerdotii 
1937
Bill O'Reilly takes 9-41 for NSW against South Australia 
1938
Vladimir K Zworykin (Penn) receives patent on Iconoscope TV system 
1939
Radio Australia begins overseas shortwave service 
1940
Connie Mack acquires controlling interest in the Athletics for $42,000 
1941
Free France under adm Muselier occupies St-Pierre et Miquelon 
1941
Japanese troops lands on Mindanao 
1941
World War II: First battle of the American Volunteer Group, better known as the "Flying Tigers" in Kunming, China. 
1942
1st Japanese bombing of Calcutta 
1943
"Internationale" is no longer USSR National Anthem 
1944
Archbishop De Young & bishop Huibers condemn black market 
1944
Battle of Bastogne, Nazis surround 101st Airborne (NUTS!) 
1944
Bishop forbids membership of non Catholic unions 
1944
Terence Rattigan's "O Mistress Mine" premieres in London 
1945
Rationing of auto tires ends in US 
1946
Darius Milhaud's 2nd Symphony, premieres 
1948
Second Chamber accept 2nd Police Action in Indonesia 
1949
Maurice Ravel/John Cranko's ballet "Beauty & the Beast" premieres 
1950
"Harvey" starring James Stewart premieres in NY 
1951
Walter Zinn's Experimental Breeder Reactor I, the first nuclear reactor to produce electric power, goes live at the Argonne National Laboratory, USA 
1952
KHQ TV channel 6 in Spokane, WA (NBC) begins broadcasting 
1953
KID (now KIDK) TV channel 3 in Idaho Falls, ID (CBS) 1st broadcasting 
1953
KWTV TV channel 9 in Oklahoma City, OK (CBS) begins broadcasting 
1955
Cardiff is proclaimed the capital city of Wales 
1956
Military coup under colonel Simbolon in Sumatra 
1956
Montgomery, Ala, removed race-based seat assignments on its buses 
1957
Elvis Presley given draft notice to join US Army for National Service 
1959
Jasu Patel takes 9-69, India v Australia at Kanpur 
1960
Auschwitz commandant Richard Bar arrested in German FR 
1960
National Front for the Liberation of Vietnam is formed. 
1962
Dmitri Shostakovitch's opera "Katerina Ismailova" premieres in Moscow 
1962
Osmond brothers debut on Andy Williams Show 
1963
Berlin Wall opens for 1st time to West Berliners 
1963
Massemba-Debate elected pres of Congo-Brazzaville 
1963
Trial against 21 camp guards of Auschwitz begins 
1964
Levi Eshkol forms Israeli government 
1966
NBA awards Seattle Supersonics a franchise for 1967-68 season 
1966
Nuclear Planning Group forms in Brussels 
1966
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1967
"The Graduate" starring Dustin Hoffman & Anne Bancroft premieres 
1967
474,300 US soldiers in Vietnam 
1967
Ian Anderson & Glenn Cornick form rock group Jethro Tull 
1968
The Zodiac Killer kills Betty Lou Jenson and David Faraday in Vallejo, California. 
1968
The People's Democracy (PD) announce that its members will undertake a protest march from Belfast to Derry beginning 1 January 1969 
1969
Peter, Paul & Mary's "Leaving on a Jet Plane" reaches #1 
1970
Edward Gierek succeeds Wladyslaw Gomulka as Poland's communist party leader 
1971
Pakistan president Yahya Khan resigns 
1972
Neil Simons "Sunshine Boys" premieres in NYC 
1972
Five civilians (four Catholics, one Protestant) killed in gun attack on the Top of the Hill Bar in Derry, North Ireland 
1973
AL pres Joe Cronin refuses to allow Dick Williams to manage Yankees 
1973
Dutch Antillean government of Evertsz forms 
1973
Montreal Canadien Henri Richard scores his 1,000th NHL point 
1974
Ethiopia becomes socialist one-party state 
1974
George Harrison releases his "Dark Horse" album in UK 
1974
"The Godfather Part II", starring Al Pacino and Robert De Niro, is released 
1975
Joe Walsh recruited to join Eagles 
1975
Pope Paul VI named J Willebrands archbishop of Utrecht 
1976
"Music Is" opens at St James Theater NYC for 8 performances 
1976
Israel's PM Yitzhak Rabin resigns 
1977
1st Space walk made by G Grechko from Salyut 
1977
RAF -terrorist Knut Folkerts sentenced to 20 years 
1978
H R Haldeman, Nixon's White House chief of staff released from jail 
1980
NBC broadcasts NY Jets' 24-17 win over Dolphins without audio 
1980
USSR formally announces death of Alexei Kosygin 
1981
Harry Krieger/Tom Eyen's musical "Dreamgirls" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 1522 performances 
1981
Browns set team records for most fumbles (9) & most turnovers (10) 
1981
Doug Small (Winnipeg Jets) ties NHL record scoring at 5 second mark 
1983
El Salvador adopts constitution 
1983
Guy Lafleur, Montreal, became 10th NHLer to score 500 goals 
1983
NY Islanders score their most goals (11) vs Pitts Penguins 
1983
PLO chairman Yasser Arafat & 4,000 loyalists evacuate Lebanon 
1984
33 unknown Bach keyboard works found in Yale library 
1984
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1985
Denis Potvin passes Bobby Orr as NHL defenseman scorer (916 points) 
1985
Sportscaster Howard Cosell retires from television sports after 20 years with ABC 
1985
Position of American Poet Laureate established (Robert Warren is 1st) 
1986
White teenagers beat blacks in Howard Beach, NY 
1987
"Nuts" with Barbra Striesand premieres 
1987
76th Davis Cup: Sweden beats India in Gothenburg (5-0) 
1987
Dona Paz ferry sinks after crash with oil tanker Vector, 4386 die 
1987
Nancy Lopez/Miller Barber wins LPGA Mazda Golf Championship 
1988
Animal rights terrorists fire-bomb Harrod's dept store, London 
1988
NBC signs lease to stay in NYC, 33 more years 
1988
Premier Ranasinghe Premadasa elected pres of Sri Lanka 
1989
Premier Lubbers sees CDA-party leader Elco Brinkman as successor 
1989
US troops invade Panama & oust Manuel Noriega, but don't catch him 
1990
Pentagon warns Saddam that US air power is ready to attack on 1/15 
1990
Robert F X Sillerman purchases WAFL NY-NJ Knights for $11 million 
1990
Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze resigns 
1991
NHL grants permanent membership to Tampa Lightning & Ottawa Senators 
1991
Paul Keating installed as premier of Australia 
1991
A Missouri court sentences the Palestinian militant Zein Isa and his wife Maria to death for the honor killing of their daughter Palestina. 
1991
"Father of the Bride", starring Steve Martin, Diane Keaton, and Martin Short, is released 
1992
Northwest & KLM introduce a new joint logo "Worldwide Reliability" 
1992
Slobodan Milosevic re-elected president of Serbia 
1995
"Paul Roebson" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 14 performances 
1995
American Flight 965 crashes in Columbia, 159 die, 5 survive 
1995
NATO begins peacekeeping in Bosnia. 
1996
The horror classic "Scream", starring Neve Campbell and Courteney Cox, is released 
1998
Wendy's Three-Tour Golf Challenge 
1999
Portugal returns Macau to China 
2001
Argentine economic crisis: President of Argentina Fernando de la Rúa is forced out of office. 
2001
90th Davis Cup: France beats Australia in Melbourne (3-2) 
2002
US Senator Trent Lott resigns as majority leader. 
2002
"Gangs of New York", starring Leonardo DiCaprio, Daniel Day-Lewis, and Cameron Diaz, is released 
2005
US District Court Judge John E. Jones III rules against mandating the teaching of "intelligent design" in his ruling of Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District. 
2005
The first same sex civil partnerships in Scotland are celebrated. 
2005
2005 New York City transit strike: New York City's Transport Workers Union Local 100 goes on strike, shutting down all New York City Subway and Bus services. 
2006
A judge rules against the death penalty in the case of Naveed Haq, a man convicted in the shooting death and injuries at the Jewish Federation in Seattle. 
2007
Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II becomes the oldest ever monarch of the United Kingdom, surpassing Queen Victoria, who lived for 81 years, 7 months and 29 days. 
2007
The painting Portrait of Suzanne Bloch (1904), by the Spanish artist Pablo Picasso, was stolen from the São Paulo Museum of Art, along with O Lavrador de Café, by the major Brazilian modernist painter Candido Portinari. 
2012
Apple is denied a patent for mobile pinch-to-zoom gestures by the US patent authorities 
2012
Intercontinental Exchange purchases the New York Stock Exchange, the largest in the world, for $8 billion 
2015
Man arrested after jumping fence, entering Treasury Building 
2015
Wrong contestant crowned at Miss Universe 2015 
2015
Las Vegas Strip blocked off after car mows down pedestrians 
2015
Steve Harvey mistakenly crowns the wrong Miss Universe 2015 
2015
Dozens missing after landslide in south China 
2016
Donald Trump wins electoral college vote 
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