Today in History - Historical Events - December 16th

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Notable Historical Events on December 16th

1939Bradman scores 251* SA v NSW, 271 minutes, 38 fours 2 sixes

1940Joe Louis KOs Al McCoy in 6 for heavyweight boxing title in Chicago

1942Hitler orders combat against partisans in Russia & Balkan

1983Yogi Berra named Yankee manager for 2nd time

1653Parliamentarian General Oliver Cromwell appointed as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland

1966Jimi Hendrix Experience releases its 1st single, "Hey Joe," in the UK

1913Charlie Chaplin began his film career at Keystone for $150 a week

1950Harry Truman proclaims state of emergency against "Communist imperialism"

1994Davy Jones (Monkees), charged with DWI

1927Cricket 1st-class debut of Don Bradman, NSW v South Australia

1997President Clinton names his Labrador retriever "Buddy"

1967Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Phila 76ers scores 68 points vs Chicago

1938Bradman scores 143 South Aust v NSW, 11 fours 91 singles

1993Shannen Doherty (Brenda) is fired from Beverly Hills 90210

1930Golfer Bobby Jones wins James E Sullivan Award

1918Jack Dempsey KOs Carl Morris in 14 seconds

1978Ronald Reagan denounces President Jimmy Carter's recognition of China PR

1980President-elect Reagan announces Alexander Haig as secretary of state

December 16th Historical Events
Date Event
755
An Lushan revolts against Chancellor Yang Guozhong at Fanyang, initiating the An Shi Rebellion during the Tang Dynasty of China. 
882
Marinus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding John VIII 
1392
Nanboku-chō - Emperor Go-Kameyama abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu. 
1431
King Henry VI of England crowned king of France 
1497
Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama sailing along African East Coast names it Natal, first European to sail so far 
1538
King Francois I orders renewed pursuit of Protestants 
1575
The 1575 Valdivia earthquake takes place. 
1577
Danzig surrenders to troops of Polish king Istvan Bathory 
1598
Seven Year War: Battle of Noryang Point - The final battle of the Seven Year War is fought between the Korean and Japanese navies, resulting in a decisive Korean victory. 
1617
Spanish viceroy Hernando Arias de Saavedra founds provinces Rio de la Plata (Argentina)/Guaira (Paraguay) 
1631
Mount Vesuvious, Italy erupts, destroys 6 villages & kills 4,000 
1653
Parliamentarian General Oliver Cromwell appointed as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland 
1659
General Monck demands free parliamentary election in Scotland 
1689
English Parliament passes Bill of Rights establishing limits on crown powers and requirement for regular elections 
1707
Last recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan. 
1740
Prussian Libya falls to Silezie 
1761
Seven Years' War: After four-month siege, Russian army under Pyotr Rumyantsev takes Prussian fortress of Kolobrzeg (German: Kolberg). 
1767
Van Ritter von Glucks opera "Alceste" premiers 
1773
Boston tea party incident - Sons of Liberty protesters throw tea shipments into Boston harbour in protest against British omposed Tea Act 
1811
Earthquake hits New Madrid, Missouri, causing widespread damage 
1817
Leaders of Molukkas uprising hanged in Ambon 
1824
Great North Holland Canal opens 
1826
Benjamin W. Edwards rides into Mexican controlled Nacogdoches, Texas and declares himself ruler of the Republic of Fredonia. 
1835
Fire consumes over 600 buildings in NYC 
1838
Boers beat Zulu chieftain Dingaan in South Africa 
1850
Ships the Charlotte-Jane and the Randolph bring the first of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton, New Zealand 
1857
Earthquake in Naples, Italy 
1858
Dutch government decides to vacate Schokland Island 
1862
Kingdom of Nepal accepts its constitution 
1864
Battle of Nashville ends after 4400 casualities 
1877
Anton Bruckner's 3rd Symphony in D, premieres 
1880
Transvaal region declares itself as the Republic of South Africa 
1884
Great Britain recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State 
1886
Rift at Dutch Reformed Church over "Doleantie" 
1890
Negro Methodist Episcopal Church founded in Jackson, TN 
1892
Commencement of 1st Sheffield Shield cricket game, SA v NSW 
1893
Anton Dvorak's "New World Symphony" premieres 
1897
1st submarine with an internal combustion engine demonstrated 
1900
Boer army under gen Kritzinger take Cape colony 
1900
A National Civic Federation is formed in the US to arbitrate labor disputes 
1901
Boer general Kritzinger captured 
1903
Majestic Theater, NYC, becomes 1st in US to employ women ushers 
1905
"Variety" covering all phases of show business, 1st published 
1907
Eugene H Farrar is 1st to sing on radio (Bkln Navy Yard NY) 
1907
As a gesture of the US's new presence as a world power, President Roosevelt sends the US Battle Fleet on a round-the-world cruise, visiting ports internationally 
1908
1st credit union in US forms (Manchester NH) 
1909
A conservative revolution and US pressure forces Nicaraguan President Jose Santos from office 
1912
1st US postage stamp picturing an airplane, 20 cent parcel post, issued 
1912
Austria-Hungary engage in conflict with Serbia 
1913
Charlie Chaplin began his film career at Keystone for $150 a week 
1914
French offensive in Artois (Pétain) 
1914
World War I: German battleships under Franz Von Hipper bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough. 
1918
Jack Dempsey KOs Carl Morris in 14 seconds 
1920
8.5 earthquake rocks the Gansu province in China, killing an estimated 200,000 
1921
The Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) calls for a united front in a pass burning campaign on Dingaan's Day 
1922
Mutual Association of Eastern Colored Baseball Clubs formally organizes 
1922
NSW all out for 786 against South Australia Cricket 
1924
Noel Coward's "Vortex" premieres in London 
1924
Hiram Bingham is elected as a Republican to serve in the U.S. Senate forcing him to resign as Governor of Connecticut after serving only one day in office, the shortest term of any Connecticut Governor 
1925
Alpha Phi Omega national service fraternity is founded at Lafayette College. 
1926
Darius Milhauds opera "Le Pauvre Matelot" premieres in Paris 
1926
Kenesaw Mountain Landis renewed 7-years as baseball commissioner 
1926
WOW-AM in Omaha NE begins radio transmissions 
1927
Cricket 1st-class debut of Don Bradman, NSW v South Australia 
1929
Chic Blackhawks 1st game at Chicago Stadium, beat Pittsburgh Pirates, 3-1 
1930
Golfer Bobby Jones wins James E Sullivan Award 
1931
German SPD begins Iron Front against fascism 
1933
Abe de Vries & Sipke Castelein win Elfstedentocht 
1936
John Monks/Fred Finklehoff's "Brother Rat" premieres in NYC 
1937
Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from the American federal prison on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again. 
1938
Bradman scores 143 South Aust v NSW, 11 fours 91 singles 
1939
Bradman scores 251* SA v NSW, 271 minutes, 38 fours 2 sixes 
1940
British air raid on Mannheim 
1940
Joe Louis KOs Al McCoy in 6 for heavyweight boxing title in Chicago 
1941
Sarawak occupied by Japanese 
1942
Hitler orders combat against partisans in Russia & Balkan 
1943
"Tamiami Champion" (New York to Florida) trains collide, kills 73 & injures 200 
1944
Ardennes campaign ('Battle of the Bulge') begins in Belgium 
1944
German V-2 strikes Antwerp bioscope (638 kill) 
1944
US 2nd Inf division occupies "Heartbreak Crossroads" Wahlerscheid 
1945
Cleveland Rams win NFL championship 
1948
"Lend an Ear" opens at National Theater NYC for 460 performances 
1949
Sukarno becomes President of Indonesia, Mohammed Hatta Premier 
1949
Svenska Aeroplan Aktiebolaget, later knows as SAAB, is founded in Sweden. 
1950
"Let's Make an Opera" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 5 perfs 
1950
Harry Truman proclaims state of emergency against "Communist imperialism" 
1953
1st White House Press Conference (Pres Eisenhower & 161 reporters) 
1953
Charles E Yeager fly > 2,575 kph in Bell X-1A 
1956
"Fanny" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 888 performances 
1957
Sir Feroz Khan Noon replaces Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar as Prime Minister of Pakistan. 
1958
Bogota warehouse fire kills 82 
1959
Snow falling in Lowarai Pass West Pakistan kills 48 
1960
"Wildcat" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 172 performances 
1960
TWA 266 & United 826 collide over Staten Island, kills 134 
1961
"Evening with Yves Montand" opens at John Golden NYC after 55 perfs 
1962
David Lean's film "Lawrence of Arabia" premieres, starring Peter O'Toole 
1962
NY Giant YA Title sets NFL season touchdown pass record at 33 with 6 touchdowns vs Dallas (41-31) 
1962
Nepal gets constitution/becomes Constitutional Hindu Monarchy 
1964
US performs nuclear test at Pacific Ocean 
1965
Gemini 6 returns to Earth 
1965
Pioneer 6 launched into solar orbit 
1965
Taufa'ahau Tupou IV, becomes King of Tonga 
1966
Beatles release "Everywhere it's Christmas" in UK 
1966
Jimi Hendrix Experience releases its 1st single, "Hey Joe," in the UK 
1967
Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Phila 76ers scores 68 points vs Chicago 
1968
KFIZ TV channel 34 in Fond du Lac, WI begins broadcasting 
1969
British House of Commons votes 343-185 to abolish the death penalty 
1969
"War is Over! If You Want It, Happy Christmas from John & Yoko" posters begin appearing 
1970
1st successful landing on Venus (USSR) 
1970
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1971
Bangladesh (East Pakistan) declares independence from Pakistan 
1971
Don McLean's 8+ minute version of "American Pie" released 
1971
India's army occupies Dacca, West Pakistani troops surrenders 
1972
Bangladesh Constitution goes into effect 
1972
Miami Dolphins become 1st undefeated NFL team (14-0-0) 
1973
O J Simpson becomes 1st NFLer to rush 2,000 yard in a season 
1973
US kidnap victem Paul Getty III freed 
1974
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1974
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1975
1st broadcast of "One Day at a Time" on CBS TV 
1975
Bill Veeck buys 80% of White Sox from John Allyn 
1976
Andrew Young named Ambassador & Chief US Delegate to UN 
1976
Charlie Finley's $10 million damage suit against Bowie Kuhn begins 
1976
Government halts swine flu vaccination prog following reports of paralysis 
1976
Liberian tanker stranded at Nantucket, 180,000 barrels oil in sea 
1978
Ronald Reagan denounces President Jimmy Carter's recognition of China PR 
1978
Cleveland, Ohio becomes the first post-Depression era city to default on its loans, owing $14,000,000 to local banks. 
1979
68th Davis Cup: USA beats Italy in San Francisco (5-0) 
1979
QB Roger Staubach's last regular season game with the Dallas Cowboys 
1979
4 British Army soldiers are killed by a PIRA landmine near Dungannon, County Tyrone. Another British Army soldier was killed by a PIRA landmine near Forkill, County Armagh 
1980
President-elect Reagan announces Alexander Haig as secretary of state 
1981
Dutch Van Agt's 2nd government falls 
1982
Tom Seaver agrees to new contract with Mets 
1982
The Federal Reserve announces that the operating capacity of factories has gone down to 67.8%. 
1983
Spokesperson for The Who announces the group is disbanding 
1983
Yogi Berra named Yankee manager for 2nd time 
1983
Riverside, California; judge denies cerebral palsy victim Elizabeth Bouviato request to starve herself to death in a county hospital 
1985
Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51-L mission 
1986
Revolt in Kazakhstan against Communist party, known as Zheltoksan, which becomes the first sign of ethnic strife during Gorbachev's tenure 
1987
Roh Tae Woo elected president of South Korea 
1988
Political cult leader Lyndon LaRouche convicted of tax, mail fraud 
1989
Commencement of 1st Test Cricket play at Bellerive Oval, Hobart (v SL) 
1989
Geoff Marsh completes 355* for WA against South Australia 
1989
Protest breaks out in Timişoara in response to an attempt by the government to evict dissident Hungarian pastor, László Tőkés. 
1990
Jean-Bertrand Aristide elected pres of Haiti 
1990
KUSW, Salt Lake City Utah, final shortwave radio transmissions 
1990
Rev Jean Betrand Aristide elected president of Haiti 
1991
Fla Marlins sign their 1st player, 16 year old pitcher Clemente Nunez 
1991
UN reverses ruling that Zionism is racism by 111-25 (13 abstain) vote 
1991
Independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan. 
1993
"Red Shoes" opens at Gershwin Theater NYC for 5 performances 
1993
Shannen Doherty (Brenda) is fired from Beverly Hills 90210 
1994
Davy Jones (Monkees), charged with DWI 
1997
President Clinton names his Labrador retriever "Buddy" 
1998
Iraq disarmament crisis: Operation Desert Fox - the United States and United Kingdom bomb targets in Iraq. 
2012
4 people are killed after Cyclone Evan strikes Fiji 
2012
Corinthians defeat Chelsea 1-0 to win the 2012 FIFA Club World Cup 
2012
A gang rape of a woman on a bus in India that resulted in her death leads to national and international outrage 
2013
21 people are killed and 20 are injured after a bus falls from an elevated highway in Manila, Philippines 
2015
North Korea sentences Canadian pastor Hyeon Soo Lim to life in prison 
2016
Dylann Roof Found Guilty in Charleston Church Massacre 
2016
Russia and Assad 'responsible' for Aleppo, says US 
2016
White House supports claim Putin directed US election hack 
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