Today in History - Historical Events - August 31st

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Notable Historical Events on August 31st

1950Dodger Gil Hodges hits 4 HRs & a single in a game vs Braves

1976George Harrison found guilty of plagiarising "My Sweet Lord"

1923Mussolini's troops occupy Corfu

1924Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10,000m (30:06.2)

1999Dino Ciccarelli retires from the NHL

1535Pope Paul II excommunicates King Henry VIII of England

1959Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Waterloo Golf Open

1968Private Eye magazine reports a John Lennon & Yoko Ono album will have a picture of them nude on cover

1935FDR signs an act prohibiting export of US arms to belligerents

1897Thomas Edison patented his movie camera (Kinetograph)

1945The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies.

200623rd MTV Awards: Panic! At the Disco, Kelly Clarkson & James Blunt wins

August 31st Historical Events
Date Event
1056
Byzantine Empress Theodora becomes ill, dying suddenly a few days later, without children to succeed the throne, ending the Macedonian dynasty. 
1142
Possible date for establishment of the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) League - with the aid of Hiawatha and Deganawidah 
1230
Bishop Willebrand of Utrecht grants Swells state justice 
1310
German king Heinrich VII makes his son Johan king of Bohemia 
1422
Henry VI, becomes King of England at the age of 9 months. 
1535
Pope Paul II excommunicates King Henry VIII of England 
1745
Bonnie Prince Charlie reaches Blair Castle, Scotland 
1751
British troops under Sir Robert Clive occupy Arcot, India 
1772
Hurricane destroy ships off Dominica 
1778
British kill 17 Stockbridge indians in Bronx during Revolution 
1829
Opera "Guillaume Tell" is produced (Paris) 
1836
HMS Beagle anchors in Postage Praia, Cape Verde Islands 
1842
Micah Rugg patents a nuts & bolts machine 
1842
US Naval Observatory authorized by an act of Congress 
1843
Liberty Party nominates James Birneyas presidential candidate 
1850
California pioneers organized at Montgomery & Clay Streets 
1864
Atlanta Campaign: Battle of Jonesboro Georgia, 1900 casualties 
1876
Ottoman sultan Murat V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid II. 
1881
1st US men's single tennis championships (Newport, RI) 
1886
1st major earthquake recorded in eastern US, at Charleston SC, 110 die 
1886
Crocker-Woolworth National Bank organized 
1887
Thomas A Edison patents Kinetoscope, (produces moving pictures) 
1889
Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Cardboard Box" (BG) 
1894
Phillies Billy Hamilton steals 7 bases 
1894
The Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act passed by Richard Seddon's Liberal government, making New Zealand the first country in the world to outlaw strikes in favour of compulsory arbitration 
1895
1st pro football game (QB John Brallier paid $10 & won 12-0) 
1896
Louis Napoleon Parker's "Rosemary" premieres in NYC 
1897
General Kitchener occupies Berber, North of Khartoum 
1897
Thomas Edison patented his movie camera (Kinetograph) 
1900
British troops over run Johannesburg 
1900
Dodgers' Brickyard Kennedy walks 6 straight Phillies 
1902
Split skirt 1st worn by Mrs Adolph Landeburg (horse rider) 
1903
Joe McGinnity wins his 3rd doubleheader of month 
1905
25th US Men's Tennis: Beals C Wright beats Holcombe Ward (6-2 6-1 11-9) 
1905
Mbunga-rebellion takes German Fort Mahenge East-Africa 
1907
Britain & Russia sign treaty with Afghanistan, Persia & Tibet 
1907
Britain, Russia & France form Triple Entente 
1909
A J Reach Co patents cork-centered baseball 
1909
Thure Johnstown wins Stockholm marathon (2:40:34.2) 
1910
Theodore Roosevelt makes a speech in Kansas advocating a 'square deal': property shall be 'the servant and not the master of the commonwealth' 
1911
Anthony Fokker's demonstrates aircraft "Snip" 
1913
Soccer club PSV forms in Eindhoven, Netherlands 
1913
Massive protest rally on Sackville Street attacked by the Dublin Metropolitan Police; two strikers killed by the police 
1914
24.8 cm rainfall at Bloomingdale, Michigan (state record) 
1914
General von Kluck decides not to attack Paris 
1914
German troops reconquer Soldau/Neidenburg East-Prussia 
1914
Ecuador becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty. 
1915
Chicago White Sox Jimmy Lavender no-hits NY Giants, 2-0 
1915
Brazil becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty. 
1916
Oscar Asche's musical "Chu Chin Chow" premieres in London 
1918
Boston Red Sox, win earliest AL pennent ever (season ended Sept 2) 
1919
John Reed forms American Communist Labor Party in Chicago 
1919
Petlyura's Ukrainian Army kills 35 members of a Jewish defense group 
1919
Ukranian (Petlyura) Army recaptures Kiev 
1920
Belgium starts paying old age pensions 
1920
Detroit radio station is 1st to broadcast a news program on the air 
1923
League of Nations gives Belgium mandate of Ruanda-Urundi (was German) 
1923
Mussolini's troops occupy Corfu 
1924
Paavo Nurmi runs world record 10,000m (30:06.2) 
1928
Brecht & Weils "Dreigroschenoper" premieres 
1934
1st NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Bears 0, All-Stars 0 (79,432) 
1935
1st national skeet championship (Indianapolis) 
1935
Chicago White Sox Vern Kennedy no-hits Cleve Indians, 5-0 
1935
FDR signs an act prohibiting export of US arms to belligerents 
1935
Russian Aleksei Stachanov digs 6 hours, 105 tons of cabbages 
1935
White Sox Vern Kennedy no-hits Indians 5-0 
1937
Det's rookie Rudy York sets record for HRs of 18 HRs in August 
1938
5th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 28, Washington 16 (74,250) 
1939
Japanese invasion army driven out of Mongolia 
1939
Staged "Polish" assault on radio station in Gleiwitz 
1940
1st edition pf illegal opposition newspaper Free Netherlands 
1940
56 U-boats sunk this month (268,000 ton) 
1940
RAF Fighter Command loses 39 aircraft against Luftwaffe 41 
1940
German occupiers in Netherlands begin soap rationing 
1940
US National Guard assembles 
1941
23 U-boats sunk this month (80,000 ton) 
1941
Great Gildersleeve, a spin-off of Fibber McGee & Molly debuts on NBC 
1942
Battle at Alam Halfa: German & Italians assault 
1942
U boats sunk this month 108 ships (544,000 ton) 
1943
1st battle of Essex/new Yorktown: US assault on Marcus Island 
1943
Japanse occupiers intern Jewish Congregation of Sorabajo 
1944
Allied offensive at "Gothen-linie" Italy 
1944
French provisional government moves from Algiers to Paris 
1944
French troops liberate Bordeaux 
1944
Russian-Romanian troops march into Bucharest 
1945
The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies
1947
Hungarian communist party wins election 
1947
NY Giants set season record for HRs by a club 183 (en route to 221) 
1948
Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands celebrates golden jubilee 
1950
Dodger Gil Hodges hits 4 HRs & a single in a game vs Braves 
1951
1st 33 1/3 album introduced in Dusseldorf 
1953
KRBC TV channel 9 in Abilene, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting 
1953
WKBG (now WLVI) TV channel 56 in Cambridge-Boston, MA (IND) begins 
1954
US Census Bureau forms 
1954
Hurricane Carol hits New England, 70 die, Costliest ever hurricane at the time and 1st storm name to be retired. 
1954
Indians beat Yanks 6-1 for record tying 26 wins in August (1931 A's) 
1954
WMTW TV channel 8 in Portland-Poland Spring, ME (ABC) begins 
1955
1st microwave TV station operated (Lufkin, Tx) 
1955
1st sun-powered automobile demonstrated, Chicago, Ill 
1955
KTRE TV channel 9 in Lufkin, TX (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting 
1957
Malaysia (formerly Malaya) gains independence from Britain 
1959
48th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in New York (3-2) 
1959
Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Waterloo Golf Open 
1959
Sandy Koufax breaks Dizzy Dean's NL mark of 18 strikeouts in a game 
1960
Agricultural Hall of Fame forms 
1961
Amsterdam National Ballet forms 
1962
Trinidad & Tobago gain independence from Britain (National Day) 
1964
Ground is broken for Anaheim Stadium, future home of Angels 
1965
US House of Representatives and Senate establish Department of Housing & Urban Development 
1965
The Aero Spacelines Super Guppy Aircraft makes its first flight. 
1966
Referee Leo Horn whistles his last soccer match (Ajax-Bulgaria) 
1968
12,000 die in 7.8 quake destroys 60,000 buildings in NE Iran 
1968
68th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Bruce Fleisher 
1968
Private Eye magazine reports a John Lennon & Yoko Ono album will have a picture of them nude on cover 
1968
Roy Face ties W Johnson's record of 802 pitching appearances with club 
1968
Verne Gagne beats Dick Beyers (Dr X) in Minn, to become NWA champ 
1968
Garfield Sobers becomes the first cricketer to hit 6 sixes in one over. 
1969
25,000 attend New Orleans Pop Festival 
1970
59th Davis Cup: USA beats Germany in Cleveland (5-0) 
1970
Lonnie McLucas, a Black Panther activist, convicted 
1970
Molukkers occupy Indonesian ambassador's home in Wassenaar 
1970
Peter Yarrow arrested for taking "immoral liberties" with girl, 14 
1970
WKMJ TV channel 68 in Louisville, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1971
Adrienne Beames runs female world record marathon (2:46:30) 
1971
An inquiry into allegations of brutality by the security forces against those interned without trial in Northern Ireland is announced 
1972
Lasse Viren runs Olympic/world record 10,000m (27:38.4) 
1972
Olga Korbut, USSR, wins olympic gold medal in gymnastics 
1973
1st heavyweight championship fight in Japan (Foreman beats Roman) 
1973
PBA National Championship Won by Earl Anthony 
1974
Pirate Radio Veronica moves into Scheveningen harbor 
1976
George Harrison found guilty of plagiarising "My Sweet Lord" 
1976
Mexican peso devalued 
1976
Trinidad & Tobago adopts constitution 
1976
Waldemar Cierpinski wins 18th Olympics Marathon (2:09:55.0) 
1977
Aleksandr Fedotov sets aircraft alt rec of 38.26 km (125,524') 
1977
Spyros Kyprianou appointed president of Cyprus 
1977
Ian Smith, espousing racial segregation, wins Rhodesian general election with 80% of overwhelmingly white electorate's vote 
1978
Constitution adopted by Sri Lanka 
1978
Emily & William Harris plead guilty to 1974 kidnapping of Patty Hearst 
1978
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1979
16 yr old Tracy Austin defeats 14 yr old Andrea Jaeger at US Open Tennis 
1979
Comet Howard-Koomur-Michels collides with Sun 
1979
Donald McHenry named to succeed Andrew Young as UN ambassador 
1979
Phillies replaces manager Danny Ozark with Dallas Green 
1980
"Oklahoma!" closes at Palace Theater NYC after 301 performances 
1980
80th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Hal Sutton 
1980
Poland's Solidarity trade union federations forms and is offically recognised by the Polish goverment 
1980
The Gdańsk Agreement is signed. 
1981
Dirk Wellham scores 103 on Test Cricket debut, v England at Lord's 
1981
Royals manager Jim Frey is fired & replaced by Dick Howser 
1982
USSR performs underground nuclear test 
1983
Edwin Moses of USA sets 400m hurdle record (47.02) in Koblenz 
1984
Pinklon Thomas beats Tim Witherspoon in 12 for heavyweight boxing title 
1985
"Prakas" sets trotting mile record of 1:53.4 at Du Quoin, Ill 
1985
Angel Cordero becomes 3rd jockey to ride horses earning over $100 M 
1985
Night Stalker suspect that terrorized S California captured in East LA 
1986
Aeromexico DC-9 & small plane collide in LA, killing 82 
1986
Russian cargo ship crashes into cruise ship Admiral Nakhimov; 398 die 
1987
Curtis Strange sets golf's earning for year record ($697,385) 
1987
Michael Jacskon's "Bad" video premieres on CBS TV 
1987
South Africa longest mine strike in history ends 
1988
5-day power blackout of downtown Seattle begins 
1988
Arbitrator George Nicolau rules owners conspired against free agents 
1988
Bomb attack on office of South Africa Council of Churches 
1989
Aeromexico DC-9 collides over LA, 82 die (15 on the ground) 
1989
Arbitrator T Roberts orders owners to pay $105 million for collusion 
1990
Dennis Eckersley saves his 40th game of the season 
1990
East & West Germany sign a treaty to join legal & political systems 
1990
Ken Griffey Sr & Jr are 1st father & son to play on same team each goes 1 for 4 for Seattle Mariners 
1991
Houston QB David Klingler sets NCAA record with 6 touchdown passes in the 2nd quarter as the Cougars clobbered Louisiana Tech 73-3 
1991
Richard J Kerr, ends term as deputy director of CIA 
1991
Rockies bat out of order against Expos in 1st inning 
1991
William H Webster, ends term as 14th director of CIA 
1992
44th Emmy Awards: Northern Exposure, Christopher Lloyd & Dana Delane win 
1992
Dynamite explosion in Philipines mine; 500 die 
1992
Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Cleveland OH on WNCX 98.5 FM 
1993
Minnesota Twins beat Cleve Indians 5-4 in 22 innings 
1993
Venezuela president Carlos Perez flees 
1993
HMS Mercury, the Royal Navy's communications training establishment, closes after 52 years in commission. 
1994
Last Russian soldiers leave Estonia & Latvia 
1994
Northern Ireland Sinn Fein proclaims ceases-fire 
1994
Pentium computer beats world chess champ Gari Kasparov 
1994
The Provisional Irish Republican Army declares a ceasefire. 
1997
"Gin Game" closes at Lyceum Theater NYC after 144 performances 
1997
Don Mattingly's #23 is retired by NY Yankees 
1997
Last episode of Rolanda airs 
1997
Pittsburgh Senior Golf Classic 
1997
Scott Hoch wins Greater Milwaukee Golf Open with a 268 
1997
Diana, Princess of Wales, dies in a car crash in a road tunnel, Paris 
1998
North Korea reportedly launches Kwangmyongsong, its first satellite. 
1999
The first of a series of apartment bombings in Moscow, killing one person and wounding 40 others. 
1999
A LAPA Boeing 737-200 crashes during takeoff from Jorge Newbury Airport in Buenos Aires, killing 65, including 2 on the ground. 
1999
Dino Ciccarelli retires from the NHL 
2005
A stampede on Al-Aaimmah bridge in Baghdad kills 1,199 people. 
2006
Stolen on August 22, 2004, Edvard Munch's famous painting "The Scream" was recovered from a raid by Norwegian police. The painting was said to be in a better-than-expected condition. 
2006
23rd MTV Awards: Panic! At the Disco, Kelly Clarkson & James Blunt wins 
2012
Apple loses its patent dispute with Samsung in Tokyo, Japan 
2016
South Korea Says Top North Korean Official Executed 
2016
Donald Trump to Visit Mexico After More Than a Year of Mocking It 
2016
Singer Chris Brown Arrested After Standoff at His Los Angeles Home 
2017
Sandra Bullock donates $1 million to Hurricane Harvey victims 
2017
Prince William, Prince Harry pay tribute to Princess Diana before 20th anniversary of her death 
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