Today in History - Historical Events - August 20th

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Notable Historical Events on August 20th

200688th PGA Championship: Tiger Woods shoots a 270 at Medinah Country Club

1972Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Southgate Ladies Golf Open

192135th US Women's Tennis: Molla Mallory beats M Browne (4-6 6-4 6-2)

1952Stalin meets Chou Enlai

1990George Steinbrenner steps down as NY Yankee owner

1940Louis Buchalter is indicted on murder charges in Los Angeles for the killing of Harry Greenberg, a mob associate of casino owner Meyer Lansky and mobster Bugsy Siegel

1993Mother Teresa hospitalized with malaria

1964Yankee Phil Linz plays harmonica on bus despite Yogi Berra's orders

1882Tchaikovsky's "1812 Overture" opens in Moscow

573Gregory of Tours selected bishop of Tours

1781George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis

1965Eddie Mathews & Hank Aaron (1954-65) pass Babe Ruth-Lou Gehrig hitting 772 HRs while playing together on the same team

1967Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Women's Western Golf Open

1938Lou Gehrig hits record 23rd & last grand slam

200082nd PGA Championship: Tiger Woods shoots a 270 at Valhalla Golf Club

1865President Andrew Johnson proclaims an end to "insurrection" in Texas

1989Howard Johnson joins Barry Bonds & Willie Mays to hit 30 HRs & steal 30 bases

1191Crusader King Richard I kills 3,000 muslim prisoners in Akko

1991Dolphin Dan Marino surpasses Joe Montana as the highest paid NFL player with a 5-year extension for $25 million

1930Bradman scores 232 in 5th Test Cricket at The Oval

1974Nolan Ryan pitch measured at record 161.6 kph (100.4 mph)

1866President Andrew Johnson formally declares US Civil War over

August 20th Historical Events
Date Event
2
Venus and Jupiter in conjunction - possible astrological explanation for Star of Bethlehem 
573
Gregory of Tours selected bishop of Tours 
636
Battle at Yarmuk: Moslems beat Byzantines [or August 15] 
917
Battle at Anchialus: Bulgaria army counter attacks Byzantines 
1000
The foundation of the Hungarian state, Hungary is established as a Christian kingdom by Stephen I of Hungary. 
1191
Crusader King Richard I kills 3,000 muslim prisoners in Akko 
1391
Konrad von Wallenrode becomes the 24th Hochmeister of the Teutonic Order. 
1534
Turkish admiral Chaireddin "Barbarossa" occupies Tunis 
1566
Iconoclasm reaches Antwerp, Belgium 
1597
1st Dutch East India Company ships return from the Far East 
1604
Spanish garrison of Sluis surrenders to count Maurice 
1619
1st known African Americans (appox. 20) land at Jamestown Virginia aboard Dutch vessel then sold or traded into servitude for supplies 
1641
England & Scotland sign Treaty of Pacification 
1648
Battle of Lens: French duke d'Enghien defeats Spaniards 
1672
Former Grand Pensionary Johan de Witt and his brother Cornelis are brutally murdered by an angry mob in The Hague. 
1741
Alaska first sighted by Danish explorer Vitus Bering at head of Russian expedition 
1745
Bonnie Prince Charlie reaches Blair Castle, Scotland 
1781
George Washington begins to move his troops south to fight Cornwallis 
1794
Gen Mad Anthony Wayne defeated the Indians at Fallen Timbers Ohio 
1795
Joseph Haydn returns to Vienna from England 
1828
Gioacchino Rossini's opera "Le Comte Ory" premieres in Paris 
1856
Wilberforce University forms in Ohio 
1861
Skirmish at Jonesboro, MO 
1864
8th/last day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Va (about 3,900 casualties) 
1865
President Andrew Johnson proclaims an end to "insurrection" in Texas 
1866
President Andrew Johnson formally declares US Civil War over 
1879
Government Kappeijne of Coppello resigns 
1882
Tchaikovsky's "1812 Overture" opens in Moscow 
1888
Longest US men's single tournament match Palmer Presbrey defeats T S Tailer, 19-21, 8-6, 6-1, 6-4, an 80-game 1st-round contest 
1892
The Transvaal National Union, a political organisation, is set up with J. Tudhope as president 
1893
Shechita (ritual slaughtering) prohibited in Switzerland 
1895
Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Norwood Builder" (BG) 
1896
Dial telephone patented 
1900
Great Britain beats France in cricket in Olympic Games 
1900
Japan's primary school law is amended to provide for four years of mandatory schooling. 
1901
The Fawcett Commission visits Mafeking concentration camp in Cape Colony 
1905
Sun Yat-sen, Chinese revolutionary, forms the first chapter of T'ung Meng Hui, a union of all secret societies determined to bringing down the Manchus 
1908
Congo Free State becomes Belgian Congo 
1908
America's Great White Fleet arrives in Sydney, Australia, to be greeted with a tremendous welcome; 221 American sailors desert to remain in Australia 
1910
US supported opposition brings down Madriz in Nicaragua 
1912
Plant Quarantine Act goes into effect 
1912
Wash Senator Carl Cushion no-hits Cleve Indians, 2-0 in 6 innings 
1913
1st pilot to parachute from an aircraft (Adolphe Pégoud, France) 
1913
Piotr Nesterow 1st flight (Kiev Ukraine) 
1914
German General von Bulow executes 211 Belgians 
1914
-24] Battle of Bounderies: Lorraine, Ardennen, Sambre & Meuse, Mons 
1914
Battle at Gumbinnen, East-Prussia: Russians beat Germans 
1914
Battle at Morhange: German troops chase French, killing thousands 
1914
Bavarian troops kill 50 inhabitants of Nomeny, France 
1914
German army captured Brussels as the Belgian army retreated to Antwerp 
1915
White Sox obtain Joe Jackson from Cleve in exchange for Robert Roth, Larry Chappell, Ed Klepfer, & $31,500 
1918
Britain opens offensive on Western front during WW I 
1919
Wichita outfielder Joe Wilhoit (Western League) fails to get a hit, ending a 69-game streak (155 hits in 299 at bats for a .505 avg) 
1920
1st US commercial radio station, 8MK (WWJ), Detroit begins daily broadcasting 
1920
Allen Woodring wins Oympic 200 m dash wearing borrowed shoes 
1920
Israel publishes its first medical journal "Ha-Refuah" 
1920
Preliminary meeting in Akron to form American Pro Football League 
1920
Red Sox-Indians game postponed in Boston to allow Indian players to attend Ray Chapman's funeral in Cleveland 
1921
35th US Women's Tennis: Molla Mallory beats M Browne (4-6 6-4 6-2) 
1922
1st world championship athletics for women, held in Paris 
1923
London dock strike ends 
1925
WJR-AM in Detroit MI begins radio transmissions 
1926
Uprising against Rezā Shāh Pahlavi in Iran 
1926
Japan's public broadcasting company, Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai(NHK) is established. 
1929
1st airship flight around Earth flying eastward completed 
1930
Bradman scores 232 in 5th Test Cricket at The Oval 
1930
Dumont's 1st TV broadcast for home reception (NYC) 
1931
45th US Women's Tennis: Helen Moody beats Eileen Whitingstall (6-4 6-1) 
1934
Ponsford out for 266 in his final Test Cricket match 
1935
Miltary coup by General Pons & president Ibarra in Ecuador 
1938
Lou Gehrig hits record 23rd & last grand slam 
1939
1st black bowling league formed (National Bowling Assoc) 
1939
Russian offensive under General Zjoekov against Japanese invasion in Mongolia 
1940
1st Polish squadrons fight along allies in the Battle of Britain 
1940
British PM Churchill says of Royal Air Force, "Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few" 
1940
Louis Buchalter is indicted on murder charges in Los Angeles for the killing of Harry Greenberg, a mob associate of casino owner Meyer Lansky and mobster Bugsy Siegel 
1941
Police raid 11th district of Paris, takes 4,000+ Jewish males 
1942
Dim-out regulations implemented in SF 
1944
"Anna Lucasta" opens on Broadway 
1944
26th PGA Championship: Bob Hamilton at Manito G & CC Spokane Wash 
1944
Gen de Gaulle returns to France 
1944
Russian offensive at Jassy & Kisjinev 
1944
US & British forces destroy German 7th Army at Falaise-Argentan Gap 
1945
Dodgers Tommy Brown, 17, is youngest player to hit a HR 
1945
Robert Hamilton wins PGA golf tournament 
1945
Russian troops occupy Harbin & Mukden 
1945
Tommy Brown, Bkln Dodger becomes youngest HR hitter (17) 
1947
Boston Braves hit a million attendance for 1st time 
1947
Turner Caldwell in D-558-I sets aircraft speed record, 1131 kph 
1948
15th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Cards 28, All-Stars 0 (101,220) 
1948
US expels Soviet Consul General in New York, Jacob Lomakin 
1949
78,382 watch White Sox play Indians at Cleveland 
1949
Hungary (Magyar People's Republic) accepts constitution 
1952
Stalin meets Chou Enlai 
1953
General Fazlollah Zahedi arrests premier Mossadeq of Persia 
1953
Russia publicly acknowledges hydrogen bomb test detonation 
1955
1st airplane to exceed 1800 mph (2897 kph)-HA Hanes, Palmdale Ca 
1955
Hundreds killed in anti-French rioting in Morocco & Algeria 
1956
Republicans convene at Cow Palace 
1957
"Simply Heavenly" opens at Playhouse Theater NYC for 62 performances 
1957
Chicago White Sox Bob Keegan no-hits Wash Senators, 6-0 
1957
USAAF balloon breaks an altitude record at 102,000' (310,896 m) 
1957
White Sox Bob Keegan no-hits Senators 6-0 
1958
Cubs use 1st baseman Dale Long as their 1st lefty catcher since 1906 
1958
Dale Long becomes 1st major league lefty catcher in 52 years 
1958
Detroit Tiger Jim Bunning no-hits Boston Red Sox, 3-0 
1959
Belgium shortens military conscription to 12 months 
1960
Senegal breaks from Mali federation, declaring independence 
1960
USSR recovers 2 dogs, 1st living organisms to return from space 
1961
Phillies set then dubious record of 23 straight loses, beat Braves 
1961
East Germany begins erecting 5' high wall along the border with the west to replace the barbed wire put up Aug 13 
1962
USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR 
1964
US President Johnson signs Economic Opportunity Act, an anti-poverty measure totaling nearly $1 billion 
1964
Rex Sellers bowls 5-1-17-0 v India in only Test Cricket innings 
1964
Yankee Phil Linz plays harmonica on bus despite Yogi Berra's orders 
1965
Rolling Stones release their single "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction" (their 1st #1 US hit) in the UK 
1965
Eddie Mathews & Hank Aaron (1954-65) pass Babe Ruth-Lou Gehrig hitting 772 HRs while playing together on the same team 
1966
Beatles pelted with rotten fruit during Memphis concert 
1967
Alvin Dark (52-69) is fired, rehired, & fired again as manager of A's 
1967
Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Women's Western Golf Open 
1968
During the night 200,00 Warsaw Pact Soviet led troops begin to invade Czechoslovakia in response to the Prague Spring 
1968
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1969
69 cm rainfall in Nelson County, Virginia (state record) 
1970
-21] Hurricane Dorothy, kills 42 in Martinique 
1971
FBI begins covert investigation of journalist Daniel Schorr 
1972
Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Southgate Ladies Golf Open 
1972
USSR performs underground nuclear test 
1974
Brooklyn pitcher Dan Bankhead is 1st black to homer in his 1st at bat 
1974
Nelson Rockefeller selected US Vice President by President Ford 
1974
Nolan Ryan pitch measured at record 161.6 kph (100.4 mph) 
1975
Il-62 crashes south of Damascus, Syria, killing 126 
1975
Viking 1 launched to orbit around Mars, soft landing 
1977
NASA launches Voyager 2 towards Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus & Neptune 
1978
Gunmen open fire on an Israeli El Al Airline bus in London 
1978
Mark Vinchesi of Amherst Mass keeps a frisbee aloft 15.2 seconds 
1978
Sandra Post wins LPGA Lady Stroh's Golf Open 
1978
Tatyana Providokhina runs female world record 1k (2:30.6) 
1979
India premier Charan Singh resigns 
1979
Singer Vikki Carr & Michael Nilsson wed 
1979
The East Coast Main Line rail route between England and Scotland is restored when the Penmanshiel Diversion opens. 
1980
NY Yankee Bob Watson hits Seattle Kingdome speaker, 2nd straight day 
1980
Pitts Omar Moreno steals record 70 bases for 3rd consecutive season 
1980
Reinhold Messner of Italy is 1st to solo ascent Mt Everest 
1980
Cleve Dan Spillner, 545 ERA, is 2 outs from a no-hitter when White Sox rookie Leo Sutherland singles 
1980
UN Security Council condemns (14-0, US abstains) Israeli declaration that all of Jersualem is its capital 
1982
Don Lever becomes 1st captain of NJ Devils 
1982
US marines land in Beirut Lebanon 
1983
The South African anti-apartheid umbrella organization, United Democratic Front (UDF) is launched at Rocklands Community Centre in Cape Town, South Afrca 
1985
1st NL pitcher to strike out 200+ in 1st 2 seasons (Dwight Gooden) 
1985
Israel ships 96 TOWs to Iran on behalf of US 
1985
Libya throws out 1000s Tunisian/Egyptian gas workers 
1985
Met Dwight Gooden strikes out 16 on way to his 13th consecutive win 
1985
Hanspeter Beck of South Australia, finishes a 3,875 mile, 51 day trip from Western Australia to Melbourne on a unicycle 
1986
Postal worker Patrick Sherrill shot 14 fellow workers dead in Edmond, Oklahoma 
1986
Phils Don Carmen perfect game bid is broken in 9th 
1988
6.5 earthquake strikes India/Nepal, 1,000s killed 
1988
Yordanka Donkova of Bulgaria sets 100m hurdle woman's record (12.21) 
1988
"Black Saturday" of the Yellowstone fire in Yellowstone National Park 
1988
Peru becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty. 
1989
Dredger "Bow Belle" collides with pleasure boat "Marchioness" on the River Thames in central London; the "Marchioness" sinks in 30 seconds, drowning 51 
1989
Howard Johnson joins Barry Bonds & Willie Mays to hit 30 HRs & steal 30 bases 
1989
Janet B Evans swims female world record 800m freestyle (8:16.22) 
1989
Said Aouita runs world record 3,000 m (7:29.45) 
1990
Gene Michael names NY Yankee VP/GM replacing Harding Peterson 
1990
George Steinbrenner steps down as NY Yankee owner 
1990
Iraq moves Western hostages to military installations (human shields) 
1990
NY Yankee Kevin Mass is quickest to reach 15 HRs (approx 132 at bat) 
1991
Norbert Rosza swims world record 100m breast stroke (1:01.29) 
1991
Dolphin Dan Marino surpasses Joe Montana as the highest paid NFL player with a 5-year extension for $25 million 
1991
Estonia formally declares its independence from the USSR 
1991
The United Democratic Front, one of the most prominent anti-apartheid movements, comprising of over 400 workers', church, civic and student organisations, dissolves 
1992
England get 7-363 in 55 overs vs Pakistan, then world ODI record 
1993
Colin Jackson runs world record 110m hurdles (12.91) 
1993
Howard Stern is fired from WLUP-AM, Chicago 
1993
Mother Teresa hospitalized with malaria 
1993
After rounds of secret negotiations in Norway, the Oslo Peace Accords are signed, followed by a public ceremony in Washington, D.C. the following month. 
1994
109.8°F (43.2°C) in Cordoba Spain 
1994
Archbishop Quarracino wants all homosexuals to leave Argentina 
1994
Ferry boat sinks at Chandpur Bangladesh, 300-350 killed 
1994
Vuyani Bungu, the South African junior feartherweight, wins IBF World Boxing Title 
1995
"The Play's the Thing" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 75 performances 
1995
Indians' Jose Mesa sets record with his 37th consecutive save 
1995
Kerrie Webb wins LPGA Weetabix Women's British Golf Open 
1996
India defeat Pakistan in Under-15 World Challenge Final at Lord's 
1997
Shelly Moore, 18, of Tenn, crowned 15th Miss Teen USA 
1997
Souhane massacre in Algeria; over 60 people are killed and 15 kidnapped. 
1998
The Supreme Court of Canada rules that Quebec cannot legally secede from Canada without the federal government's approval. 
1998
U.S. embassy bombings: the United States military launches cruise missile attacks against alleged al-Qaida camps in Afghanistan and a suspected chemical plant in Sudan in retaliation for the August 7 bombings of American embassies in Kenya and Tanzania. The al-Shifa pharmaceutical factory in Khartoum is destroyed in the attack. 
2000
82nd PGA Championship: Tiger Woods shoots a 270 at Valhalla Golf Club 
2002
A group of Iraqis opposed to the regime of Saddam Hussein take over the Iraqi Embassy in Berlin for five hours before releasing their hostages and surrendering. 
2006
88th PGA Championship: Tiger Woods shoots a 270 at Medinah Country Club 
2008
Spanair Flight 5022, from Madrid to Gran Canaria, skids off the runway and crashes at Barajas Airport. 146 people are killed in the crash, 8 more die afterwards. Only 18 people survive. 
2012
20 people are killed in a riot in Caracas, Venezuela 
2012
South Africa become the top-ranked test cricket nation after defeating England 
2013
9 Islamist militants are killed by Russian police in North Caucasus 
2016
Rio Olympics 2016: Usain Bolt wins ninth Olympic gold as Jamaica take 4x100m relay 
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