Today in History - Historical Events - August 19th

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Notable Historical Events on August 19th

1961US vice-president Lyndon B. Johnson visits West Berlin

1991Janajev & KGB coup in Russia deposes Mikhail Gorbachev

1791Benjamin Banneker published his 1st Almanac

1821Failed liberal coup against French King Louis XVIII

1990Betsy King wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Golf Classic

1976President Gerald R Ford wins Republican presidential nomination at KC convention

1984Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Chevrolet World Championship of Women's Golf

1918Irving Berlin's musical "Yip Yip Yaphank" premieres in NYC

1921Ty Cobb, is 4th to get 3,000 hits

1980George Brett ends hitting streak at 30

1984Republican convention in Houston nominates Ronald Reagan for President

1791Benjamin Banneker writes a letter to the Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson using language from the 'United States Declaration of Independence' to criticize Jefferson's pro-slavery stance and to request justice for African Americans

1995Mike Tyson returns to the ring & DQs Peter McNeeley in 38 seconds

192236th US Womens Tennis: Molla Mallory beats Helen Wills Moody (6-3 6-1)

1839Details of Louis Daguerre's 1st practical photographic process are released in Paris

1962Mickey Wright wins LPGA Albuquerque Swing Parade Golf Tournament

August 19th Historical Events
Date Event
43
Octavian, later known as Augustus, compels the Roman Senate to elect him Consul. 
BC
AD
440
St Sixtus III ends his reign as Catholic Pope 
1071
Battle at Manzikert: Seldjuken sultan Alp Arslan beats Byzantine King 
1099
Crusaders beat Saracens in Battle of Ascalon 
1263
King James I of Aragon censors Hebrew writing 
1399
King Richard II of England surrenders to his cousin Henry 
1458
Aenea Silvio Piccolomini chosen Pope Pius II 
1493
Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I becomes Archduke of Austria 
1504
Battle of Knockdoe in Galway Ireland. 
1524
Emperor Charles V's troops besiege Marseille, Italy 
1561
Mary Queen of Scots arrives in Leith, Scotland to assume throne after spending 13 years in France 
1587
Sigismund III becomes king of Poland 
1591
French King Henri IV occupies Rouen 
1627
Prince Frederik Henry conquerors fort Groenlo 
1691
Battle at Szalankemen: Austrians beat Turks 
1692
Five more people hanged for witchcraft (20 in all) in Salem, Massachusetts 
1702
-24] Battle at Santa Marta Venz: English fleet beat French 
1757
Battle at Gross Jagerndorf: Russian army beats Prussia [NS=Aug 30] 
1768
Saint Isaac's Cathedral is founded in Saint Petersburg, Russia. 
1772
Gustav III seizes effective control of Swedish government & restores full power of monarchy, which had been subordinate to parliament since 1720 
1787
W Herschel discovers Enceladus, a moon of Saturn 
1791
Benjamin Banneker published his 1st Almanac 
1791
Benjamin Banneker writes a letter to the Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson using language from the 'United States Declaration of Independence' to criticize Jefferson's pro-slavery stance and to request justice for African Americans 
1796
Spain & France sign anti-British alliance 
1812
US warship Constitution defeats British warship Guerriere 
1813
Gervasio Antonio de Posadas joins Argentina's second triumvirate. 
1816
Java again in Dutch hands 
1821
Failed liberal coup against French King Louis XVIII 
1826
Canada Co chartered to colonize Upper Canada (Ontario) 
1836
HMS Beagle anchors at Angra Azores 
1839
Details of Louis Daguerre's 1st practical photographic process are released in Paris 
1849
NY Herald reports gold discovery in California 
1861
Confederacy Congress allies with government of MO 
1864
2nd day of battle at Globe Tavern, Virginia 
1887
Dmitri Mendeleev makes a solo ascent by balloon to an altitude of 11,500 feet (3.5 km) above Klin, Russia to observe an eclipse 
1888
1st beauty contest (Spa, Belgium), 18 yr old West Indian wins 
1891
William Huggins describes astronomical application of spectrum 
1895
American frontier murderer and outlaw, John Wesley Hardin, is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas. 
1897
1st electric taxis drive in London 
1900
Start of the one & only olympic cricket match, in Paris 
1903
Phillies suffer record 9th straight posponed game 
1905
Russian Tsar installs "Imperial Duma", without legislative powers 
1909
Indianapolis 500 race track opens 
1911
NY Giant Christy Mathewson loses after beating Reds 22 straight times 
1912
Percy Aldridge Grainger's "Shepherd's Key" premieres 
1913
Frenchman Pégoud makes 1st parachute jump in Europe 
1914
Elmer Rice' "On Trial" premieres in NYC 
1914
German army executed 150 Belgians by firing squad 
1914
German fleet bombs English coast 
1914
Harris Theater (Candler, Coan & Harris) opens at 226 W 42nd St NYC 
1914
In a message to the Senate, US President Wilson urges the American people to be 'neutral in fact as well as name' 
1915
Rationing laws go into effect in Netherlands 
1915
World War I: the Battle of Van begins 
1915
British liner 'SS Arabic' sunk by German submarine without warning leaving Liverpool for New York; killing 44. Creates diplomatic incident 
1917
Sunday benefit baseball game at Polo Grounds results in John McGraw & Christy Mathewson's arrest for violating Blue laws 
1918
Irving Berlin's musical "Yip Yip Yaphank" premieres in NYC 
1919
Afghanistan declares independence from UK 
1921
Ty Cobb, is 4th to get 3,000 hits 
1922
36th US Womens Tennis: Molla Mallory beats Helen Wills Moody (6-3 6-1) 
1927
Metropolitan Sergius proclaims the declaration of loyalty of the Russian Orthodox Church to the Soviet state. 
1931
Lefty Grove wins AL record tying 16th consecutive game 
1932
46th US Women's Tennis: Helen Jacobs beats Carolin A Babcock (6-2 6-2) 
1933
47th US Women's Tennis: Helen Jacobs beats Helen Moody (8-6 3-6 3-0 ret) 
1934
48th US Women's Tennis: Helen Jacobs beats Sarah H P Fabyan (6-1 6-4) 
1934
Paul Runyan wins PGA golf tournament 
1934
The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio. 
1936
Trial against Ljev Kamenev & Grigori Zinovjev because of "Trotskyism" opens in Moscow 
1939
37.6 cm rainfall at Tuckerton, NJ (state record) 
1941
Ump Jocko Conlan ejects Pirate manager Frankie Frisch for coming out on field holding an umbrella to get a rainout 
1942
-20] Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Burg-al-Arab 
1942
WWI: Over 4,000 Canadian & British soldiers killed, wounded or captured raiding Dieppe, France 
1942
WWII: General Paulus orders German 6th Army to conquer Stalingrad 
1943
Belgian church excommunicates nazi Leon Degrelle 
1943
US air raid on German bases at Gilze-Rijen/Vlissingen 
1944
Allied air raid on Maastricht, 80+ killed 
1944
Gen Bradley visits Montgomery 
1944
Last Japanese troops driven out of India 
1944
Nazis give parts of Paris to Resistance 
1944
Paris police strike against nazi occupiers 
1944
Polish 1st Division occupies Hill 262 (Mont Ormel), Normandy 
1944
US 15th Army Corps occupies Mantes-Gassicourt at Paris 
1944
US 90th/Polish 1st Division occupy Chambois, Normandy 
1945
Phillies Jimmie Foxx, 37, pitches 1st 7 innings vs Reds & wins 
1947
J Arens & D van Dorpen synthetise vitamin A 
1950
ABC begins Saturday morning kid shows (Animal Clinic & Acrobat Ranch) 
1951
Bill Veeck (Cleveland Indians) sends Eddie Gaedel, a 3'7" little person, to pinch-hit 
1953
England regained cricket Ashes after winning series 1-0 
1953
The democratically elected Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh is overthrown in a coup orchestrated by the United Kingdom (under the name 'Operation Boot') and the United States (under the name TPAJAX Project) 
1954
Ralph J Bunche named undersecretary of UN 
1955
32.4 cm precipitation at Burlington, Connecticut (state record) 
1955
Hurricane Diane kills 200 & 1st billion $ damage storm (N.E. US) 
1955
US raises import duty on bicycles 50% 
1955
WINS radio, announces it will not play "copy" white cover versions of R&B (DJs must play Fats Domino's "Ain't It A Shame," not Pat Boone's) 
1956
Fay Crocker wins LPGA St Louis Golf Open 
1957
NY Giants vote 8-1 to move their franchise to SF in 1958 
1957
US Major David Simons reaches 30,933m in a balloon 
1958
NAACP Youth Council begin sit-ins at Oklahoma City Lunch counters 
1959
Doctor X beats Wilber Snyder in Omaha, to become NWA wrestling champ 
1959
Honolulu seeks a franchise in Continental League 
1959
Satellite Discoverer 6 launched into polar orbit 
1960
Francis Gary Powers convicted of spying by USSR (U-2 incident) 
1960
Sputnik 5 carries 2 dogs, 3 mice into orbit as the first animals launched on a round trip into space (later recovered alive) 
1960
The first commercial atomic energy reactor, owned by the Yankee Atomic Electric Company, achieves a self-sustaining nuclear reaction in Rowe, Deerfield River, Massachusetts 
1961
US vice-president Lyndon B. Johnson visits West Berlin 
1962
Homer Blancos plays finest round in golf, shooting a 55 
1962
Mickey Wright wins LPGA Albuquerque Swing Parade Golf Tournament 
1963
NAACP Youth Council begins sit-ins at lunch counters, Oklahoma City 
1964
Communication satellite Syncom 3 launched 
1965
Auschwitz trials end with 6 life sentences 
1965
Cincinnati Red Jim Maloney 2nd no-hitter of year beats Chicago Cubs, 1-0 
1966
Earthquake strikes Varko Turkey: 2,400 killed 
1967
Beatles' "All You Need is Love" single goes #1 
1969
Chicago Cub Ken Holtzman no-hits Atlanta Braves, 3-0 
1970
The Chinese Community in South Africa is granted 'White' status 
1973
France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island 
1973
Pirate World Music Radio (Holland) closes down after 10 years 
1973
Sandra Palmer wins LPGA St Paul Golf Open 
1975
Astros hire Bill Virdon to replace Preston Gomez as manager 
1976
President Gerald R Ford wins Republican presidential nomination at KC convention 
1977
USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR 
1978
422 die in an arson fire at a movie theater in Iran 
1979
"My Sharonna" by the Knack hits #1 (stays for 42 days) 
1979
Crew of Soyuz 32 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 34 aft 175 d flight 
1979
Sally wins LPGA Barth Golf Classic Little 
1979
Soviet Cosmonauts Vladimir Lyakov & Valery Ryumin returned to Earth aboard Soyuz 34 after a record 175 days in space 
1980
George Brett ends hitting streak at 30 
1980
Saudi Arabian Lockhead Tristar crashes on landing at Riyadh, 301 die 
1980
Willy Russell's "Educating Rita" premieres in London 
1981
2 US Navy F-14 jet fighters shoot down 2 Soviet-built Libyan SU-22 
1982
Renaldo Nehemiah of US sets record for 110 m hurdles, 12.93 sec 
1982
Soyuz T-7 launched, Svetlana Savtiskaya 2nd woman in space 
1983
LSU footballer Billy Cannon sentenced to 5 yrs for counterfeiting 
1983
Dodgers trade Dave Stewart & Ricky Wright to Texas for Rick Honeycut 
1984
66th PGA Championship: Lee Trevino shoots a 273 at Shoal Creek Ala 
1984
Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Chevrolet World Championship of Women's Golf 
1984
Republican convention in Houston nominates Ronald Reagan for President 
1984
Sally Quinlan wins LPGA MasterCard Golf International Pro-Am 
1985
Japan launches its 2nd probe of Halley's Comet, Suisei 
1985
Following the Rubicon speech four days earlier, Archbishop Desmond Tutu snubs P. W. Botha's invitation to attend a meeting to discuss the role and actions of the police and security forces in South Africa 
1986
Car bomb kills 20 in Tehran Iran 
1987
Hungerford Massacre: in England, Michael Ryan kills sixteen people with an assault rifle and then commits suicide. 
1988
Iran-Iraq begin a cease-fire in their 8-year-old war (11 PM EDT) 
1988
Muang Muang succeeds Gen Sein Lwin as president of Burma 
1988
NY Rangers sign ex-Canadien great Guy LaFluer 
1989
Tadeusz Mazowiecki, elected 1st non-communist president of Poland 
1990
Betsy King wins LPGA JAL Big Apple Golf Classic 
1990
Dodger Jose Offerman hits HR in his 1st at bat 
1990
NY Yankee Kevin Mass is quickest to reach 14 HRs (approx 128 at bat) 
1991
-20] Hurricane Bob hits US 
1991
Janajev & KGB coup in Russia deposes Mikhail Gorbachev 
1991
Janel Bishop, 17, of New Hampshire, crowned 9th Miss Teen USA 
1992
Romesh Kaluwitharana scores 132 on Test Cricket debut (SL v Australia) 
1992
Sri Lanka make their highest cricket score ever 8-547 v Australia 
1993
34th Walker Cup: US, 19-5 
1993
Dow Jones hits record high of 3612.13 
1993
George Tiller, abortion doctor, shot in his arms by Rachelle Shannon 
1993
Mattel & Fisher Price toy companies merge 
1993
Sally Gunnell runs women's world record 400m hurdles (52.74") 
1995
After 5 days Shannon Faulkner quits as 1st woman at the Citadel 
1995
Bruce Seldon TKOs Joe Hipp in 10 for heavyweight boxing title 
1995
Mike Tyson returns to the ring & DQs Peter McNeeley in 38 seconds 
1996
The major South African political parties begin their submission to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) 
1997
NY Yank 3rd baseman Wade Boggs pitches a scoreless inning vs Anaheim 
1997
STS 85 (Discovery 23) lands 
1998
South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission chairperson, Archbishop D. Tutu, releases documents revealing an alleged plot by Western countries to assassinate United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold of Sweden 
1999
In Belgrade tens of thousands of Serbians rally to demand the resignation of Slobodan Milošević as president of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 
2001
83rd PGA Championship: David Toms shoots a 265 at Atlanta Athletic Club 
2002
A Russian Mi-26 helicopter carrying troops is hit by a Chechen missile outside of Grozny, killing 118 soldiers. 
2003
A Hamas planned suicide attack on a bus in Jerusalem kills 23 Israelis, 7 of them children in the Jerusalem bus 2 massacre. 
2003
A car-bomb attack on United Nations headquarters in Iraq kills the agency's top envoy Sergio Vieira de Mello and 21 other employees. 
2005
The first-ever joint military exercise between Russia and China, called Peace Mission 2005 begins. 
2005
A series of strong storms lashes Southern Ontario spawning several tornadoes as well as creating extreme flash flooding within the city of Toronto and its surrounding communities. In Toronto, it is also dubbed as the Toronto Supercell. 
2009
A series of bombings in Baghdad, Iraq, kills 101 and injures 565 others. 
2010
Operation Iraqi Freedom ends, with the last of the United States brigade combat teams crossing the border to Kuwait. 
2012
32 people are killed after a plane crash in Talodi, Sudan 
2013
24 Egyptian policemen are killed in an attack in Rafah 
2013
37 pilgrims are killed in a train accident in India 
2013
91 people are killed by floods across China 
2016
Republicans Worry a Falling Donald Trump Tide Will Lower All Boats 
2016
US|US to Phase Out Use of Private Prisons for Federal Inmates 
2016
Rio Olympics 2016: Usain Bolt wins 200m gold, his eighth Olympic gold 
2016
Rio Olympics 2016: Ashton Eaton retains decathlon title to match Daley Thompson 
2016
Louisiana floods: One of the worst US disasters in recent years 
2017
Nervous Japanese hold drill in case N.Korea fires missiles over them 
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