Today in History - Historical Events - August 13th

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Notable Historical Events on August 13th

1940Hermann Goering's "Adler Tag" (Eagle day); 45-48 German aircraft shot down over Southern England (Battle of Britain)

1521Spanish conquistadors under Hernán Cortés capture Aztec Emperor Cuauhtémoc in Tenochtitlan marking the end of the Aztec Empire

1608John Smith's story of Jamestown's first days submitted for publication

1876The Bayreuth Festspielhaus opens with the first complete performance of Richard Wagner's Ring Cycle

1732Voltaire's "Zaire" premieres in Paris

198971st PGA Championship: Payne Stewart shoots 276 at Kemper Lakes GC Ill

1997SD Padres trade Rickey Henderson to Anaheim Angels

1993Blue Jay Rickey Henderson pays Turner Ward $25,000 for his #24

1886John A. Macdonald uses a silver hammer to pound a gold spike, officially completing the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway in British Columbia

1950US President Harry Truman gives military aid to Vietnamese regime of Bao-Dai

1792Revolutionaries imprison French royals including Marie Antoinette

1932Hitler refuses President Von Hindenburg's proposal to become vice-chancellor of Germany

August 13th Historical Events
Date Event
3114
According to the Lounsbury correlation, the start of the Mayan calendar 
BC
AD
523
St John I begins his reign as Catholic Pope 
1099
Raniero elected as Pope Paschal II 
1326
Aradia de Toscano, according to legend/folklore, is initiated into a Dianic witchcraft cult and subsequently founds the tradition of Stregheria, later known as the Malandanti. 
1415
King Henry V of England army lands on mouth of Seine River 
1516
The Treaty of Noyon between France and Spain is signed. Francis recognises Charles's claim to Naples, and Charles recognises Francis's claim to Milan. 
1521
Spanish conquistadors under Hernán Cortés capture Aztec Emperor Cuauhtémoc in Tenochtitlan marking the end of the Aztec Empire 
1536
Buddhist monks from Kyōto's Enryaku Temple set fire to 21 Nichiren temples throughout Kyoto in the Tenbun Hokke Disturbance. (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1536). 
1553
Michael Servetus is arrested by John Calvin in Geneva as a heretic. 
1578
Duke Frans of Anjou recognized as protector of Netherlands 
1608
John Smith's story of Jamestown's first days submitted for publication 
1624
Cardinal Richelieu appointed Chief Minister of France by Louis XIII 
1630
Ferdinand II dismisses supreme commander Albrecht von Wallenstein 
1642
Christiaan Huygens discovers Martian south polar cap 
1645
Sweden & Denmark sign Peace of Brömsebro 
1651
Litchfield, CT, founded 
1695
-15] French troops under Villeroi shoot in Brussels 
1696
State of Drenthe accredits Willem III as mayor 
1704
French & Bavarian forces were routed by a combined British, German & Dutch army at Blenheim, Germany 
1732
Voltaire's "Zaire" premieres in Paris 
1740
Hunger strike in Rotterdam 
1784
British parliament accepts India Act 
1788
Prussia joins Anglo-Dutch alliance to form Triple Alliance to prevent spread of Russo-Swedish War of 1788-90 
1792
Revolutionaries imprison French royals including Marie Antoinette 
1799
British fleet under Lord Seymour overthrows Suriname 
1814
Cape of Good Hope formally ceded to British by the Dutch 
1814
Treaty of London-Netherland stops transporting slaves 
1852
Steamer "Atlantic" crossing Lake Erie from Buffalo to Detroit collided with a fishing boat, sinks with 250 aboard 
1864
Battle of Deep Bottom VA (Strawberry Plains) & Fussell's Mill VA 
1868
Earthquakes kill 25,000 & causes $300 million damages (Peru & Ecuador) 
1876
The Bayreuth Festspielhaus opens with the first complete performance of Richard Wagner's Ring Cycle 
1881
Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolese monarch 
1886
John A. Macdonald uses a silver hammer to pound a gold spike, officially completing the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway in British Columbia 
1889
William Gray patents coin-operated telephone 
1892
US black newspaper "Afro-American" begins publishing from Baltimore 
1898
US forces under George Dewey captures Manila during Spanish-Amer war 
1902
England beat Australia by one wicket at The Oval Famous victory 
1906
Black soldiers raid Brownsville Texas 
1906
Cub's Pitcher Jack Taylor ends a string of completing 202 games (187 complete, 15 relief) by Dodgers in 3rd inning 
1907
1st taxicab (NYC) 
1908
Cy Young Day in Boston, he pitches briefly against an All-Star team 
1908
Kind Edward VII of Great Britain meets with Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria at Ischl; the King tries to persuade the Emperor to advise Germany against aggressive (anti-British) policies 
1910
Dodgers & Pirates play to 8-8 tie, both have 38 at bats, 13 hits, 12 assists, 2 errors, 5 strikeouts, 3 walks, 1 pass ball & 1 hit by pitch 
1913
Otto Witte, a German acrobat and fantasist, is purportedly crowned King of Albania. 
1913
Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley, Sheffield, England 
1914
-14] German army occupies forts at Liege 
1914
Carl Wickman begins Greyhound, the 1st US bus line, in Minnesota 
1914
France declares war on Austria-Hungary 
1917
Phillies steal 5 bases in an inning against Braves 
1918
Bayerische Motoren Werke AG (BMW) established as a public company in Germany. 
1919
British troops open fire on demonstrators in Amritsar, India; killing 350 
1919
Man o'War's only defeat (Upset wins at Saratoga) 
1920
24th US Golf Open: Ted Ray shoots a 295 at Inverness Club in Ohio 
1921
Simon Kaufman & Marc Connelly's "Dulcy" premieres in NYC 
1923
Gustav Stresemann becomes premier of German coalition government 
1923
Turkish National Congress selects Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Pasja as president 
1923
US Steel Corp initiates 8-hour work day 
1928
Soviet Union Spartacan Games begins 
1931
Cin Red Tony Cuccinello goes 6 for 6 
1932
Hitler refuses President Von Hindenburg's proposal to become vice-chancellor of Germany 
1932
Yankee pitcher Red Ruffing homers & wins game 1-0 in 10 tying 
1933
16th PGA Championship: Gene Sarazen at Blue Mound CC Milwaukee 
1933
Jacques van Egmond becomes world champion amateur cyclist 
1935
Transcontinental Roller Derby begins (Chicago Coliseum) 
1937
Japanese attack at the beinnging of the Battle of Shanghai during Second Sino-Japanese War. Involves nearly 1 million troops 
1939
Yankees set AL shutout margin with 21-0 victory over A's 
1939
Sabotage suspected in crash of 'City of San Francisco' 
1940
Hermann Goering's "Adler Tag" (Eagle day); 45-48 German aircraft shot down over Southern England (Battle of Britain) 
1941
Red army evacuates Smolensk 
1943
Red army recaptures Spas-Demensk 
1944
British 8th Army occupies Florence 
1944
Generals Montgomery/Dempsey/Bradley discuss naderende breakthrough 
1944
Jackie Gleason-Les Tremayne show premieres on NBC radio 
1946
Britain diverts illegal immigrants bound for Palestine to Cyprus 
1948
Satchel Paige at 42, pitches his 1st major league complete game 
1950
Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA World Golf Championship 
1950
US President Harry Truman gives military aid to Vietnamese regime of Bao-Dai 
1951
Great Britain & Iraq sign new oil contract 
1953
4-5 million French go on strike against economizations 
1953
US President Dwight Eisenhower establishes Government Contract Compliance Committee 
1953
US General Omar Bradley becomes US chief of staff 
1954
21st NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Detroit 31, All-Stars 6 (93,470) 
1955
Larry Doby's ends AL record of 167 errorless games in outfield 
1956
WBIR TV channel 10 in Knoxville, TN (CBS) begins broadcasting 
1958
Indians' right fielder Rocky Colavito makes his pitching debut, hurling 3 hitless innings, Detroit 3, Cleveland 2 
1959
US Military satellite Discoverer 5 launched (into polar orbit) 
1960
Central African Republic & Chad proclaim independence from France 
1960
USSR withdraws advisors from China 
1960
The first two-way conversation via satellite is undertaken using Echo 1 
1961
Construction of the Berlin Wall begins in East Germany 
1961
Louise Suggs wins LPGA Kansas City Golf Open 
1962
Bert Campaneris of Daytona Beach (FSL) pitches ambidextrously 
1963
US Customs agents confiscate 21 gold coins from Witte Museum, San Antonio, Texas 
1963
Warren Spahn sets left-hander strike out mark at 2,382 
1964
1st broadcast by Trans World Radio on Bonaire 
1967
WQLN TV channel 54 in Erie, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1969
Balt Oriole Jim Palmer no-hits Oakland A's, 8-0 
1969
Temp Commissioner Bowie Kuhn elected for 7-year term by unanimous vote 
1970
Pamphlet bombs which scatter revolutionary African National Congress propaganda leaflets explode in Cape Town, Johannesburg, Durban and Port Elizabeth, South Africa 
1971
Paul & Linda McCartney release "Back Seat of My Car" 
1972
Dutch KRO-TV transmits 440th & last episode of "Bonanza" 
1972
Marilynn Smith wins LPGA Pabst Ladies Golf Classic 
1975
Viv Richards out for 291 v England at Cricket Oval 
1975
Bayardo Bar attack: Provisional Irish Republican Army volunteers carry out a gun and bomb attack on a pub in Belfast frequented by Ulster Volunteer Force commanders; 4 Protestant civilians and 1 UVF member are killed 
1976
South Africa pledges support for a negotiated settlement in Rhodesia 
1977
1st test glide of space shuttle 
1977
Randy Bachman quits BTO, they disband 
1978
Bomb attack in Beirut, 175 killed 
1978
Judy wins LPGA WUI Golf Classic Rankin 
1978
Yanks score 5 runs in top of 7th. but rain causes game to be halted & thus score goes back to previous inning, Balt wins 3-0 
1979
Lou Brock, is 14th to get 3,000 hits 
1980
Suriname president Johan Ferrier ousted 
1980
Tatyana Kazankina of USSR sets 1.5k woman's record (3:52.47) in USSR 
1981
Last broadcast of "The Waltons" on CBS-TV 
1981
Mary Terstegge Meagher swims world record 200m butterfly (2:05.96) 
1984
Morocco & Libya sign "Arabic-African Union" treaty 
1985
South African Defence Force soldiers, travelling in a convoy of more than ten armoured vehicles, surrounded the Thaba-Juluba high school in Soweto and arrest 200 students during a clampdown on school boycotts 
1986
KRE-AM in Berkeley CA changes call letters to KBLX (now KBFN) 
1987
Cards outfield sets record of no putouts in a 4-2 in 13 inning 
1987
Jackie Joyner-Kersee ties world record with 24'5½" jump 
1988
Boston Red Sox win AL record 24 straight home games 
1988
Palace of Auburn Hills in Detroit opens 
1988
US beats Jamacia 5-1 in 2nd round of 1990 world soccer cup 
1988
Ronald J Dossenbach sets world record for pedaling across Canada from Vancouver, BC to Halifax, NS in 13 days, 15 hr, 4 min 
1989
2 hot-air balloons crash at Alice Springs, Australia, 13 killed 
1989
71st PGA Championship: Payne Stewart shoots 276 at Kemper Lakes GC Ill 
1989
US space shuttle STS-28 lands 
1991
Michael Ray Barrowman swims world record 200m breaststroke (2:10.60) 
1991
Test Cricket debut of Mike Whitney for Australia versus England at Old Trafford 
1991
US Vice-President Dan Quayle makes a speech attacking lawyers 
1993
Blue Jay Rickey Henderson pays Turner Ward $25,000 for his #24 
1993
Hotel in Nakhon Ratchasima Thailand, collapses, 114 killed 
1993
US Court of Appeals rules congress must save all E-Mail 
1994
Train crash in Tbilisi Georgia, 24 killed 
1995
77th PGA Championship: Steve Elkington shoots a 267 at Riviera Calif 
1995
Beth Daniels wins LPGA PING Welch's Golf Championship 
1996
Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 3.0 
1997
Boston Red Sox trade Mike Stanley back to the NY Yankees 
1997
SD Padres trade Rickey Henderson to Anaheim Angels 
1997
South Park's first episode is aired. 
2004
156 Congolese Tutsi refugees massacred at the Gatumba refugee camp in Burundi. 
2004
Black Friday crackdown by NSS on a peaceful protest in the capital city of Maldives, Malé. 
2004
Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 storm, strikes Punta Gorda, Florida and devastates the surrounding area. 
2008
The Baltic state slides into recession with a 0.9% fall in second-quarter GDP after a drop of 0.5% in the first quarter; it falls deeper into recession in the third quarter when the economy contracted 3.3% 
2012
Nadzeya Ostapchuk of Belarus is stripped of her shot-put gold medal after failing a drugs test 
2016
US declares a Zika public health emergency in Puerto Rico 
2016
Katie Ledecky Swims Into History With 4th Olympic Gold 
2017
Three dead, dozens injured after clashes at Virginia rally 
2017
Virginia Gov. McAuliffe to white nationalists: 'No place for you in America' 
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