Today in History - Historical Events - April 8th

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Notable Historical Events on April 8th

1455Alfonso de Borgia elected as Pope Callistus III

1986Clint Eastwood elected mayor of Carmel California, Make his day

1953Jomo Kenyatta convicted of involvement with Mau Mau and sentenced to 7 years in Kenya

199054th Golf Masters Championship: Nick Faldo wins, shooting a 278

1994Darryl Strawberry enters Betty Ford clinic

1974Hammerin' Hank Aaron hits 715th HR, breaking Babe Ruth's record in Atlanta

1500Battle at Novara: King Louis XII beats duke Ludovico Sforza

2014Mike Babcock wins his 414th career game as head coach of the Detroit Red Wings, becoming the winningest coach in Red Wings history (passing Jack Adams)

200165th Golf Masters Championship: Tiger Woods wins, shooting a 272

2012Pope Benedict XVI calls for an end to Syrian blood shed in papal Easter message

196335th Academy Awards - "Lawrence of Arabia", Anne Bancroft & Gregory Peck win

1995Oliver McCall beats Larry Holmes in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

1966AFL chooses 36 year old Al Davis as commissioner

1796Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, proves the quadratic reciprocity law (the ability to determine the solvability of any quadratic equation in modular arithmetic)

1832Charles Darwin begins trip through Rio de Janeiro

1886William Ewart Gladstone introduces the first Irish Home Rule Bill into the British House of Commons.

1968Gangsters Henry Hill and Jimmy Burke commit the Air France robbery, stealing $420,000

217Roman Emperor Caracalla is assassinated (and succeeded) by his Praetorian Guard prefect, Marcus Opellius Macrinus.

1941Joe Louis TKOs Tony Musto in 9 for heavyweight boxing title

1943U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases to common carriers and public utilities.

April 8th Historical Events
Date Event
217
Roman Emperor Caracalla is assassinated (and succeeded) by his Praetorian Guard prefect, Marcus Opellius Macrinus. 
1093
The new Winchester Cathedral is dedicated by Walkelin. 
1139
Roger II of Sicily is excommunicated. 
1149
Pope Eugene III takes refuge in the castle of Ptolemy II of Tusculum. 
1195
Alexius III Angelus drives out brother Isaak II as Byzantine emperor 
1271
In Syria, sultan Baybars conquers the Krak of Chevaliers (a fortress near Homs). 
1341
Francesco Petrarca crowned in Rome 
1378
Bartolomeo Prignano elected as Pope Urban VI 
1455
Alfonso de Borgia elected as Pope Callistus III 
1500
Battle at Novara: King Louis XII beats duke Ludovico Sforza 
1513
Explorer Juan Ponce de Leon claimed Florida for Spain 
1730
1st Jewish congregation in US forms synagogue, "Shearith Israel, NYC" 
1759
British troops chase French out of Masulipatam India 
1766
1st fire escape patented, wicker basket on a pulley & chain 
1767
Ayutthaya kingdom falls to Burmese invaders. 
1781
Premiere of Mozart's violin sonata K379 
1783
Catharina II of Russia annexes the Crimea. [What goes around comes around.] 
1789
First meeting of the US House of Representatives 
1796
Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, proves the quadratic reciprocity law (the ability to determine the solvability of any quadratic equation in modular arithmetic) 
1801
Soldiers riot in Bucharest, kill 128 Jews 
1802
French Protestant church becomes state-supported & -controlled 
1808
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Baltimore was promoted to an archdiocese, with the founding of the dioceses of New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Bardstown (now Louisville) by Pope Pius VII. 
1820
The Venus de Milo is discovered on the Aegean island of Melos. 
1832
Charles Darwin begins trip through Rio de Janeiro 
1838
Steamship "Great Western" maiden voyage (Bristol, England, to NYC) 
1848
1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians 
1848
Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro 
1861
US mint at Dahlonega, Georgia, seized by confederacy (US Civil War) 
1862
John D Lynde patents aerosol dispenser 
1864
Battle of Mansfield, La; Federals routed by Gen Richard Taylor 
1866
Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary. 
1869
American Museum of Natural History opens (NYC) 
1876
Amiliare Ponchielli's opera "La Gioconda" premieres in Milan 
1879
Khedive Ismael of Egypt fires French/British ministers 
1879
Milk was sold in glass bottles for 1st time 
1886
William Ewart Gladstone introduces the first Irish Home Rule Bill into the British House of Commons. 
1886
First Home Rule Bill for Ireland presented by Gladstone, the Liberal Prime Minister of Britain, to the House of Commons 
1893
The Critic reports that ice cream soda is our national drink 
1898
Battle of Atbara River, Anglo-Egyptian forces crush 6,000 Sudanese 
1902
Russia and China sign the Convention of Evacuation under which Russia agrees to evacuate Manchuria within 18 months 
1902
Growing unrest in Belgian society as people demand better education, better work and living conditions, the right to strike and universal male suffrage, culminate in a demonstration organised by Socialists. In the rioting that ensues, many Belgians are killed 
1904
Great Britain and France establish their Entente Cordiale, a technical treaty settling long-standing disagreements over Morocco, Egypt, Africa, and the Pacific 
1904
British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the first chapter of the Book of the Law. 
1908
Lord Asquith succeeds Henry Campbell-Bannerman as British premier 
1912
Steamers collide in Nile, drowning 200 
1913
17th amendment, requiring direct election of senators, ratified 
1913
Opening of China's 1st parliament takes place in Peking (now Beijing) 
1914
US & Colombia sign a treaty concerning Panama Canal Zone 
1916
Norway approves active & passive female suffrage 
1916
In Corona, California, racecar driver Bob Burman crashes, killing three and badly injuring five spectators. 
1920
LONGA soccer team forms in Tilburg 
1924
South African State pass the Industrial Conciliation Act No 11: the act provided for job reservation, excluded blacks from membership of registered trade unions,and prohibited registration of black trade unions 
1929
Indian Independence Movement: At the Delhi Central Assembly, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt throw handouts and bombs to court arrest. 
1931
"White Horse Inn" opens in London 
1931
Dmitri Shostakovitch's ballet "The Arrow" premieres 
1933
Manchester Guardian warns of unknown Nazi terror 
1935
2nd Golf Masters Championship: Gene Sarazen wins, shooting a 282 
1935
Bartoks 5th String quartet premieres in Wash DC 
1935
Works Progress Administration approved by Congress 
1939
ACV soccer team forms in Axes 
1939
King Zog I of Albania flees 
1940
German battle cruisers sink British aircraft carrier Glorious 
1941
Joe Louis TKOs Tony Musto in 9 for heavyweight boxing title 
1942
A Schoenberg & Tudor's ballet "Pillar of Fire" premieres in NYC 
1943
Hakuun Yasutani Roshi, founder of Sanbo Kyodan, receives dharma 
1943
Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings sweep Boston Bruins in 4 games 
1943
U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases to common carriers and public utilities. 
1945
Nazi occupiers executed, Nazi general Christiansen flees Netherlands 
1946
League of Nations assembles for last time 
1947
Largest recorded sunspot (7,000) observed 
1948
Soen Nakagawa & Nyogen Senzaki (Zen teachers) meet in SF 
1950
"Miss Liberty" closes at Imperial Theater NYC after 308 performances 
1952
US President Harry Truman seizes steel mills to avert a strike 
1953
Dag Hammarskjoeld chosen as secretary-general of UN 
1953
Jomo Kenyatta convicted of involvement with Mau Mau and sentenced to 7 years in Kenya 
1954
"By the Beautiful Sea" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 270 perfs 
1956
20th Golf Masters Championship: Jack Burke Jr wins, shooting a 289 
1956
6 marine recruits drown during exercise at Paradise Is SC 
1956
M Bandaranaike's People's front wins election in Ceylon 
1960
Neth & Germany sign accord concerning war casualties 
1960
US Senate passes Civil Rights Bill with measures against discriminatory voting pracrices 
1961
"Show Girl" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC after 100 perfs 
1961
British liner "Dara" explodes in Persian Gulf, kills 236 
1962
Accords of Evian (Algeria) accepted by referendum in France 
1963
35th Academy Awards - "Lawrence of Arabia", Anne Bancroft & Gregory Peck win 
1963
Tigers claim young pitcher Denny McLain from the White Sox for $25,000 
1964
Unmanned Gemini 1 launched 
1966
AFL chooses 36 year old Al Davis as commissioner 
1966
Leonid Brezhnev elected secretary-general of communist party 
1966
OAO 1, 1st orbiting astronomical observatory, launched 
1968
40th Academy Awards postponed to Apr 10th due to death of Martin Luther King 
1968
Baseball's Opening Day is postponed because of Martin Luther King's assassination 
1968
Czechoslovakia Cernik government forms 
1968
New socialist constitution of East Germany takes effect 
1968
WKPI TV channel 22 in Pikeville, KY (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1968
Gangsters Henry Hill and Jimmy Burke commit the Air France robbery, stealing $420,000 
1969
1st Baseball game in Canada - Mont Expos beats NY Mets 10-9 
1969
Expansion teams Royals, Expos, Padres & Pilots win their 1st games 
1970
"Cry for Us All" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 8 performances 
1970
Senate rejects Nixon's nomination of Carswell to Supreme Court 
1971
1st legal off-track betting system begins (OTB-New York) 
1972
Alvin Kallicharran scores 100* in his 1st Test Cricket innings v NZ 
1973
Thirty-two terrorist bombings in Cyprus take place. 
1974
Discovery Island opens 
1974
Hammerin' Hank Aaron hits 715th HR, breaking Babe Ruth's record in Atlanta 
1975
47th Academy Awards - "Godfather II", Ellen Burstyn & Art Carney win 
1975
Frank Robinson debuts as 1st black baseball mgr (Cleve, beats NY 5-3) 
1977
Israeli premier Rabin resigns 
1979
"Carmelina" opens at St James Theater NYC for 17 performances 
1979
204th & final episode of "All in the Family" 
1979
8th Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Sandra Post 
1979
People's Republic of China joins IOC 
1980
Islander Potvin's 2 shorthanded goals tie NHL record vs Kings & set NHL rec of 2 shorthanded playoff goals in 1 period 
1981
Islanders scored 9 goals against Toronto in playoffs 
1982
Penguins 2-Isles 4-Preliminary-Isles hold 2-0 lead 
1982
Tracy Caulkins, 19, wins her 36th US swimming title 
1984
13th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Juli Inkster 
1984
4th Golden Raspberry Awards: Lonely Lady wins 
1985
"Leader of the Pack" opens at Ambassador Theater NYC for 120 perfs 
1985
Amdahl releases UTS/V, 1st mainframe Unix 
1985
India files suit against Union Carbide over Bhopal disaster 
1986
Clint Eastwood elected mayor of Carmel California, Make his day 
1989
1-handed pitcher Jim Abbott debut but lasts only 4 2/3 inn 
1990
"Aspects of Love" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 377 performances 
1990
"Twin Peaks" with Peggy Lipton premieres on ABC-TV 
1990
54th Golf Masters Championship: Nick Faldo wins, shooting a 278 
1990
King Birendra of Nepal lifts 30-year ban on political parties 
1990
Kris Monaghan wins LPGA Red Robin Kyocera Inamori Golf Classic 
1990
Norwegian ferry Scandinavian Star catches fire; 159 people die 
1990
New Democracy wins the national election in Greece. 
1991
"I Hate Hamlet" opens at Walter Kerr Theater NYC for 88 performances 
1991
Jockey, Bill Shoemaker, paralyzed in a car accident 
1991
Major league umpires & baseball reach a 4-year agreement 
1991
Michael Landon announces he has inoperable cancer of pancreas 
1991
Oakland A's stadium becomes 1st outdoor arena in USA to ban smoking 
1992
"5 Guys Named Moe" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 445 perfs 
1992
After 151 years Britain's "Punch Magazine" final issue 
1993
Indians' Carlos Baerga is 1st to switch hit HRs in same inn (vs Yanks) 
1993
STS-56 (Discovery) launches into orbit 
1994
Atlanta Brave Kent Mercker no-hits Dodgers, 6-0 
1994
Darryl Strawberry enters Betty Ford clinic 
1994
Japans premier Morihiro Hosokawa resigns 
1994
Smoking banned in Pentagon & all US military bases 
1995
BPAA US Open won by Dave Husted 
1995
Oliver McCall beats Larry Holmes in 12 for heavyweight boxing title 
1996
Bruce Seldon TKOs Tony Tucker in 7 to win vacated WBA boxing title 
1997
Microsoft Corp releases Internet Explorer 4.0 
1997
STS 83 (Columbia 22) lands 
1999
Haryana Gana Parishad, a political party in the Indian state of Haryana, merges with the Indian National Congress. 
2000
Nineteen US Marines are killed when a V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft crashes near Marana, Arizona. 
2001
65th Golf Masters Championship: Tiger Woods wins, shooting a 272 
2004
Darfur conflict: The Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement is signed by the Sudanese government and two rebel groups. 
2004
U.S. National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice testifies before the 9/11 Commission. 
2006
Shedden massacre: The bodies of eight men, all shot to death, are found in a field in Ontario, Canada. The murders are soon linked to the Bandidos motorcycle gang. 
2007
71st Golf Masters Championship: Zach Johnson wins, shooting a 289 
2008
The construction of the world's first building to integrate wind turbines completes, in Bahrain. 
2012
Gunter Grass labelled persona non gratta by Israeli internal affairs minister Eli Yishai 
2012
Pope Benedict XVI calls for an end to Syrian blood shed in papal Easter message 
2012
76th Golf Masters Championship: Bubba Watson wins, shooting a 278 
2013
15 people are killed and 53 are wounded by a car bombing in Damascus 
2013
163 people are killed and 50,000 are displaced after tribal violence erupts in Darfur, Sudan 
2013
Filip Vujanović's election as President of Montenegro is confirmed by the electoral commission 
2014
Mike Babcock wins his 414th career game as head coach of the Detroit Red Wings, becoming the winningest coach in Red Wings history (passing Jack Adams) 
2016
UK's Cameron Says He Did Profit From Dad's Offshore Holdings 
2017
Stolen truck kills 4 in Stockholm; Sweden calls it terror 
2017
President Trump launches military strike in Syria 
2017
US releases flight path of plane used in Syria chemical attack 
2017
Gov. Jerry Brown Lifts Drought Emergency For Most Of California 
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