Today in History - Historical Events - April 20th

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Notable Historical Events on April 20th

1968Pierre Trudeau sworn in as Canada's 15th Prime Minister

1976George Harrison sings lumberjack song with Monty Python

1759George Frederic Handel is buried in Westminster Abbey, London

1977Woody Allen's film "Annie Hall" premieres

1904George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premieres in London

18961st public film showing in US John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan" premieres in NYC

1939Ted Williams' 1st hit (off of Yankee Red Ruffing) a double

1977"Annie Hall", starring Woody Allen and Diane Keaton, is released

1997Nick Price wins golf MCI Classic

1986Michael Jordan sets NBA playoff record with 63 points in a game

1983President Reagan signs a $165B bail out for Social Security

1992Madonna signs $60-million deal with Time Warner

1736French mathematician Pierre Louis Maupertuis begins his expedition to Lapland to measure a degree of latitude and prove the shape of the earth, he is joined by fellow scientists Anders Celsius, Charles Etienne Louis Camus, Alexis Claude Clairaut, and Pierre-Charles Le Monnier

1997Mark McGwire is 4th to HR on Detroit Tiger left field roof (others are Frank Howard, Harmon Killibrew, & Cecil Fielder)

1862The first pasteurization test completed by Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard.

1990Pete Rose pleads guilty to hiding $300,000 in income

1971Barbra Streisand records "We've Only Just Begun"

1809Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria

1918Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day.

1969Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open

April 20th Historical Events
Date Event
295
8th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet 
850
Guntherus becomes bishop of Cologne 
1139
2nd Lateran Council (10th ecumenical council) opens in Rome 
1505
Jews are expelled from Orange Burgandy by Philibert of Luxembourg 
1551
John Dudley becomes Earl Marshal of England 
1611
First known performance of Shakespeare's tragedy Macbeth at the Globe Theatre, London recorded by Simon Forman 
1650
Dutch East India Company (VOC) management sets new guidelines 
1653
Cromwell routes English parliament to house 
1657
Battle in Santa Cruz Bay, Tenerife: English fleet under Robert Blake sinks Spanish silver fleet 
1689
The former King James II of England, now deposed, lays siege to Derry. 
1702
Comet C/1702 H1 approaches within 0.0437 AUs of Earth 
1715
Nicholas Rowe's "Tragedy of Lady Jane Grey" premieres in London 
1736
French mathematician Pierre Louis Maupertuis begins his expedition to Lapland to measure a degree of latitude and prove the shape of the earth, he is joined by fellow scientists Anders Celsius, Charles Etienne Louis Camus, Alexis Claude Clairaut, and Pierre-Charles Le Monnier 
1759
George Frederic Handel is buried in Westminster Abbey, London 
1770
Captain Cook arrives in New South Wales 
1775
British begin siege of Boston 
1777
New York adopts new constitution as an independent state 
1792
France declares war on Austria, Prussia & Sardinia 
1799
Friedrich von Schiller's "Wallensteins Tod" premieres in Weimar 
1809
Napoleon I and French forces defeat Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria 
1810
The Governors of Caracas declares the national sovereignty from Spain. 
1828
René Caillié is first non-Muslim to enter Timbouctou. 
1836
Territory of Wisconsin created 
1841
1st detective story (Edgar Allen Poe's "Murders in Rue Morgue") published 
1861
Battle of Norfolk, VA 
1862
The first pasteurization test completed by Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard. 
1865
Chicago's Crosby Opera House opens 
1871
3rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus) 
1872
SF Bar Association organized 
1879
1st mobile home (horse drawn) used in a journey from London & Cyprus 
1884
Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Freemasonry" 
1888
246 reported killed by hail in Moradabad, India 
1894
136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase 
1896
1st public film showing in US John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan" premieres in NYC 
1898
US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota opens 
1902
Marie & Pierre Curie isolate the radioactive element radium chloride 
1903
7th Boston Marathon won by John Lorden of Mass in 2:41:29.8 
1904
George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premieres in London 
1904
Louisiana Purchase Exposition opens in St Louis 
1908
12th Boston Marathon won by Tom Morrissey of NY in 2:25:43.2 
1908
Opening day of competition of the New South Wales Rugby League. 
1910
Cleve Indians Addie Joss 2nd no-hitter, beats Chicago, 1-0 
1910
Halley's Comet passes 29th recorded perihelion at 87.9 million km 
1912
Fenway Park officially opens, Red Sox beat NY Highlanders 7-6 in 11 
1912
Tiger Stadium in Detroit opens, Tigers beat Cleve Indians 6-5 
1914
18th Boston Marathon won by James Duffy of Canada in 2:25:01.2 
1914
33 killed by soldiers during mine strike in Ludlow, Colo 
1914
US President W Wilson, having dispatched more naval ships to Mexico, asks a joint session of Congress to approve armed force if necessary; Congress approves 
1915
The Armenians rise and seize the Turkish town of Van, which they hold until Russians relieve them on 19 May; thousands of Armenians are killed 
1916
German-British sea battle off Belgian coast 
1916
Weeghman Park (Wrigley Field) in Chicago opens, Cubs beat Cin Reds 7-6 
1918
Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day. 
1919
Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania from Soviet Army 
1920
7th modern Olympic games opens in Antwerp Belgium 
1920
Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate 
1920
Big Show ends 2 year run on NBC radio 
1920
Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama & Mississippi 
1920
Phillies mgr Gravvy Cravath puts himself in as pinch hitter, his 3- run homer beats NY Giants 3-0 
1925
29th Boston Marathon won by Charles Mellor of Ill in 2:33:00.6 
1926
1st check sent by radio facsimile transmission across Atlantic 
1931
35th Boston Marathon won by Jim Henigan of Mass in 2:46:45.8 
1931
British House of Commons agrees for sports play on Sunday 
1934
Heinrich Himmler becomes inspector Prussian secret state police 
1935
"Your Hit Parade" begins broadcasting (becomes #1 quickly) 
1936
40th Boston Marathon won by Ellison Brown of RI in 2:33:40.8 
1936
Jews repel an Arab attack in Petach Tikvah Palestine 
1939
Ted Williams' 1st hit (off of Yankee Red Ruffing) a double 
1940
1st electron microscope demonstrated (RCA), Philadelphia, Pa 
1941
100 German bombers attack Athens 
1941
Dodgers start to wear liners in their caps 
1942
German occupiers forbids Dutch access to their beach 
1942
Heavy German assault on Malta 
1943
Braves manager Casey Stengel is struck by a taxi, fractures a leg 
1944
Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death 
1944
NFL legalizes coaching from bench 
1945
Cleveland Browns organization formed by Arthur "Mickey" McBride 
1945
German occupiers flood Beemster & Fencer 
1945
Soviet troops enter Berlin 
1945
US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg 
1945
US forces conquer Motobu peninsula on Okinawa 
1946
1st baseball broadcast in Chicago, Cards vs Cubs 
1946
50th Boston Marathon won by Stylianos Kyriakides of Greece in 2:29:27 
1947
Frederik IX becomes king of Denmark 
1948
NYC hikes subway fare from 5 cents to 10 cents 
1948
Walter P Reuther UAW pres shot & wounded at his home in Detroit 
1949
Jockey Bill Shoemaker wins his 1st race, in Albany, California 
1950
Balt's Memorial Stadium opens - Orioles of International League 
1951
US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak 
1951
Velsen city council demands investigation of police collaborators 
1953
57th Boston Marathon won by Keizo Yamada of Japan in 2:18:51 
1954
"Golden Apple" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 125 performances 
1955
"Saint of Bleecker St" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 92 perfs 
1957
61st Boston Marathon won by John J Kelley of Conn in 2:20:05 
1957
Yankee Bill Skowron becomes 3rd player to hit a ball out of Fenway 
1958
Buses replace Key System trains at 3 AM 
1958
Louise Suggs wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open 
1958
Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins 4 games to 2 for Stanley Cup 
1958
Morocco demands departure of Spanish troops 
1959
63rd Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:22:42 
1960
"From A to Z" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 21 performances 
1961
American Harold Graham makes 1st rocket belt flight 
1962
NASA civilian pilot Neil A Armstrong takes X-15 to 63,250 m 
1962
New Orleans Citizens Co gives free 1-way ride to blacks to move North 
1962
OAS-leader ex-general Salan arrested in Algiers 
1963
"Sophie" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 8 performances 
1963
-30] All Africa Conferences of Churches opens in Kampala Uganda 
1964
68th Boston Marathon won by Aurele Vandendriessche of Belgium in 2:19:59 
1964
86% of black students boycott Cleveland schools 
1965
People's Republic China offers North Vietnam military aid 
1966
WDCA TV channel 20 in Washington, DC (IND) begins broadcasting 
1967
French author Régis Debray caught in Bolivia 
1967
NY Met Tom Seaver's 1st victory, beats Cubs, 6-1 
1967
US Surveyor 3 lands on Moon 
1967
US planes bomb Haiphong for 1st time during Vietnam War 
1967
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1967
A Globe Air Bristol Britannia turboprop crashes at Nicosia, Cyprus, killing 126. 
1968
S Afr Boeing 707 crashes at Windhoek, 122 killed 
1968
English politician Enoch Powell makes his controversial "Rivers of Blood" speech. 
1968
Pierre Trudeau sworn in as Canada's 15th Prime Minister 
1969
23rd Tony Awards: Great White Hope & 1776 win 
1969
Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Lady Carling Golf Open 
1969
Bombs planted by Loyalists members of the Ulster Volunteer Force and the Ulster Protestant Volunteers explode at Silent Valley reservoir in County Down and at an electricity pylon at Kilmore, County Armagh 
1970
74th Boston Marathon won by Ron Hill of Great Britain in 2:10:30 
1970
Bruno Kreisky becomes 1st socialist chancellor of Austria 
1970
Ron Hill's 2:10:30 at Boston, sets new US marathon record 
1971
Barbra Streisand records "We've Only Just Begun" 
1971
US Supreme Court upholds use of busing to achieve racial desegregation 
1972
Apollo 16's Young & Duke land on Moon with Boeing Lunar Rover #2 
1972
Kallicharran scores his 2nd Test century in his 2nd Test Cricket 
1973
Mass murderer Ed Kemper attempted to dispose of his mother's vocal chords in a domestic waste disposal unit. 
1973
Canadian ANIK A2 becomes 1st commercial satellite in orbit 
1974
Paul McCartney & Wings release single "Band on the Run" 
1974
'The Troubles', a period of conflict in Northern Ireland involving republican and loyalist paramilitaries, the British security forces, and civil rights groups. claims its 1000th victim 
1975
29th Tony Awards: Equus & Wiz win 
1975
4th Colgate Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Sandra Palmer 
1975
Penguins 1-Isles 3-Quarterfinals-Penguins hold 3-1 lead 
1976
George Harrison sings lumberjack song with Monty Python 
1977
Supreme Court rules "Live Free or Die" may be covered on NH licenses 
1977
Woody Allen's film "Annie Hall" premieres 
1977
"Annie Hall", starring Woody Allen and Diane Keaton, is released 
1980
Cubans begin to arrive in US from Mariel boatlift 
1980
Donna White wins LPGA Florida "Lady Citrus" Golf Tournament 
1980
Climax of Berber Spring in Algeria as hundreds of Berber political activists are arrested. 
1981
10th Boston Women's Marathon won by Allison Roe of NZ in 2:26:46 
1981
85th Boston Marathon won by Toshihiko Seko of Japan in 2:09:26 
1981
Final performance of TV show "Soap" airs 
1981
Rocker Papa John Phillips arrested for drug possession 
1982
Atlanta Braves become 1st team to win 1st 12 games of the season 
1982
The Provisional Irish Republican Army explode bombs in Belfast, Derry, Armagh, Ballymena, Bessbrook and Magherafelt; 2 civilians are killed and 12 injured 
1983
President Reagan signs a $165B bail out for Social Security 
1983
Rangers 2-Isles 7-Patrick Div Finals-Isles hold 3-2 lead 
1983
Soyuz T-8 launched; mission aborted when capsule fails to dock 
1983
Soyuz T-8 is launched (lands 2 days later) 
1984
Russian offensive in Panshirvallei Afghanistan 
1985
Carlos Lopes runs world record marathon (2:07:12) 
1985
Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Mark Williams 
1985
Karyn Marshall of NYC lifted 303 lbs in a clean & jerk lift 
1985
ATF raid on The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord compound in northern Arkansas. 
1986
"Jerry's Girls" closes at St James Theater NYC after 139 performances 
1986
Michael Jordan sets NBA playoff record with 63 points in a game 
1986
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1986
Vladimir Horowitz performs in his Russian homeland 
1987
16th Boston Women's Marathon won by Rosa Mota of Portugal in 2:25:21 
1987
91st Boston Marathon won by Toshihiko Seko of Japan in 2:11:50 
1987
Sri Lanka: Tamils shoot 122 Singalezen dead 
1987
US deports Karl Linnas to USSR, charged with Nazi war crimes 
1988
Balt Orioles set worst record to start a season 0-14 (will go 0-21) 
1988
NJ Devils 1st playoff hat trick-Eric Broten 
1988
US accuses Renamo of killing 100,000 Mozambiquians 
1988
Yanks HR 9,999 (D Winfield) 10,000 (C Washington) 10,001 (J Clarke) 
1990
Pete Rose pleads guilty to hiding $300,000 in income 
1990
8 2/3 inning perfect game pitched by Brian Holman of Oakland A's is spoiled by a home run hit by Ken Philips 
1991
"Les Miserables" opens at Odense Teater, Odense 
1991
1st non stop flight Schiphol-Flamingo airport Bonaire 
1991
Mark Lenzi is 1st diver to score 100 pts on a dive (101.85) 
1991
Raghib "Rocket" Ismael signs with Toronto Argonauts for $26.2 million 
1992
100th episode of "Murphy Brown" airs 
1992
21st Boston Women's Marathon won by Olga Markova of Russia in 2:23:43 
1992
96th Boston Marathon won by Ibrahim Hussein of Kenya in 2:08:14 
1992
All star concert in memory of Freddie Mercury held at Wembley Stadium 
1992
Expo '92 opens in Seville Spain 
1992
Joan Lunden, breaks her left shoulder after being thrown from a horse 
1992
Madonna signs $60-million deal with Time Warner 
1993
Uranus passes Neptune (once every 171 years) 
1994
Danny Harold Rolling sentenced to death in Florida for killing 5 
1994
Serbian army bombs hospital in Goradze Bosnia, 47 killed 
1994
Sohail & Inzamam make world record ODI partnership of 263 
1994
Space shuttle STS-59 (Endeavour 6), lands 
1996
Chicago Bulls win record 72 games in a season 
1997
"Gin Game" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 144 performances 
1997
"Present Laughter" closes at Walter Kerr Theater NYC 
1997
1st baseball game in Hawaii, Cards beat Padres in doubleheader 
1997
27th Easter Seal Telethon raises $47,392,682 
1997
58th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Hale Irwin 
1997
Cubs beat NY Mets ending NL worst opening, lost 14 straight games 
1997
Karrie Webb wins LPGA Susan G Komen International 
1997
Myrtle Beach LPGA Classic 
1997
Nick Price wins golf MCI Classic 
1997
PGA Seniors Championship 
1997
Mark McGwire is 4th to HR on Detroit Tiger left field roof (others are Frank Howard, Harmon Killibrew, & Cecil Fielder) 
1998
TAME Boeing 727-200 chartered by Air France crashes into Cerro El Cable mountain after takeoff from Bogotá, Colombia, killing 53. 
1998
German terrorist group Red Army Faction announces their dissolution after 28 years. 
1999
Columbine High School massacre: Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold kill 13 people and injure 24 others before committing suicide at Columbine High School located in Jefferson County, Colorado. 
2004
In Iraq, 12 mortars are fired on Abu Ghraib Prison by insurgents, killing 22 detainees and wounding 92. 
2007
Johnson Space Center Shooting: A man with a handgun barricades himself in NASA's Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas before killing a male hostage and himself. 
2008
Danica Patrick wins the Indy Japan 300 becoming the first female driver in history to win an Indy car race. 
2010
Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explosion kills 11 and causes rig to sink, initiating a massive oil discharge in the Gulf of Mexico. 
2012
Plane crash near Islamabad, Pakistan, kills 127 people 
2012
40 people are killed and 27 injured after a tractor trailer collided with a bus in Alamo, Mexico 
2013
193 people are killed and 11,826 are injured after a magnitude 7.0 earthquake strikes Lushan County, China 
2013
5 snowboarders are killed by an avalanche in Loveland Pass, Colorado 
2013
Giorgio Napolitano is re-elected President of Italy 
2016
Thousands rally to call for release of Israeli soldier who shot Palestinian assailant 
2016
House leader wants review of 9/11 bill that would let Americans sue Saudis 
2016
Aftershocks bring misery for Japan quake survivors; death toll to 47 
2016
Donald Trump and Hillary Clinton Win Easily in New York 
2017
Bill O'Reilly out at Fox after harassment allegations 
2017
China criticizes North Korea, praises US on nuclear issue 
2017
Russia vetoes UN statement on North Korea's missile tests 
2017
China Defends Trademark Grants For Ivanka Trump Products 
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