Today in History - Historical Events - April 19th

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Notable Historical Events on April 19th

1911George Bernard Shaw's "Fanny's First Play" premieres in London

2011Fidel Castro resigns from the Communist Party of Cuba's central committee after 45 years of holding the title.

1951Gen Douglas MacArthur ends his military career

1782John Adams secures Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy.

1933FDR announces US will leave gold standard

1934Shirley Temple appears in her 1st movie, "Stand Up & Cheer"

1994Rodney King award $3,800,000 in compensation for his police beating

1981Beth Daniel wins LPGA Florida Lady Citrus Golf

1986Michael Spinks beats Larry Holmes in 15 for heavyweight boxing title

1932President Herbert Hoover suggests 5 day work week

1973Barbra Streisand records "Between Yesterday & Tomorrow"

1947After scoring 45 goals during the regular season, Maurice Richard is named MVP.

2005Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger elected Pope Benedict XVI on the second day of the Papal conclave.

1964Mickey Wright wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Invitational

1949Yankees dedicate a plaque for Babe Ruth

1932Bonnie Parker is captured in a failed hardware store burglary, and subsequently jailed. A grand jury fails to indict her, however, and she is released a few months later

1991Evander Holyfield beats George Foreman in 12 for heavyweight boxing title

1909Joan of Arc receives beatification

April 19th Historical Events
Date Event
607
Comet 1P/607 H1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0898 AUs of Earth 
1012
Martyrdom of Alphege in Greenwich, London. 
1451
Alam Shah of Delhi resigns throne 
1524
Pope Clemens VII fires Neth inquisitor-general French Van de Holly 
1529
2nd Parliament of Spiers bans Lutheranism 
1539
Charles, protestant German monarch, signs Treaty of Frankrfurt 
1552
Mauritius of Saksen captures Karel 
1587
Sir Frances Drake sails into Cadiz Spain & sinks Spanish fleet 
1591
Chartres surrenders to king Henri IV in France 
1619
Theatrum Anatomicum opens in Amsterdam 
1713
Emperor Karel VI ends Pragmatic Sanctions 
1770
Amsterdam buys Van Aerssens family 1/3 part of Suriname 
1770
British explorer Captain James Cook 1st sights Australia 
1774
CW Glucks opera "Iphigenia in Aulis" premieres in Paris 
1775
Minutemen Capt John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon 
1775
American Revolution begins - Lexington Common, shot "heard round the world" 
1782
John Adams secures Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy. 
1810
Venezuela achieves home rule: Vicente Emparan, Governor of the Captaincy General is removed by the people of Caracas and a Junta is installed. 
1825
33 patriotic exiles return to Uruguay 
1836
Nikolai Gogol's "Revisor" premieres in St Petersburg 
1837
Cheyney University forms as the Institute for Colored Youth 
1839
Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom & Luxembourg a Grand Duchy 
1852
California Historical Society forms 
1853
Netherlands Van Hall government forms 
1861
Baltimore riots-4 soldiers, 9 civilians killed 
1861
Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War) 
1863
Union troops/fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia 
1874
Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire 
1877
Opera "Les Cloches de Cornerville" is produced (Paris) 
1890
Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in Brussels 
1892
Charles Duryea takes 1st American-made auto out for a spin (Mass) 
1894
Jules Massenet's opera "Werther" premieres in NYC 
1896
Herzl's "The Jewish State" is published 
1897
1st American marathon ran, John J McDermott wins in 2:55:10 (Boston) 
1897
1st performance of Debussy's "Pelléas et Mélisande" 
1898
2nd Boston Marathon won by Ron McDonald of Mass in 2:42:00 
1899
3rd Boston Marathon won by Lawrence Brignolia of Mass in 2:54:38 
1900
4th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:39:44.4 
1900
Highest scoring opening game, Phils beat Braves 19-17 in 10 
1901
5th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:29:23.6 
1901
James J Caffrey wins Boston marathon (2:29:23.6) 
1901
In the Philippines, recently captured insurgent leader Emilio Aguinaldo issues a proclamation advising his countrymen to end their rebellion and use of peaceful means to work with the US toward independence. 
1902
6th Boston Marathon won by Sam Mellor of NY in 2:43:12 
1904
8th Boston Marathon won by Michael Spring of NY in 2:38:04.4 
1904
Much of Toronto destroyed by fire 
1905
9th Boston Marathon won by Fred Lorz of NY in 2:38:25.4 
1906
10th Boston Marathon won by Tim Ford of Mass in 2:45:45 
1906
Belgian naval education ship Comte The Stain de Naeyer sets sail 
1906
SF Earthquake ends killing 452 
1907
11th Boston Marathon won by Tom Longboat of Canada in 2:24:24 
1909
13th Boston Marathon won by Henri Renaud of NH in 2:53:36.8 
1909
Joan of Arc receives beatification 
1909
A convention with Turkey recognizes Bulgarian independence 
1910
14th Boston Marathon won by Fred Cameron of Canada in 2:28:52.4 
1910
Halley's comet seen by naked eye 1st time this trip (Curacao) 
1911
15th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:21:39.6 
1911
George Bernard Shaw's "Fanny's First Play" premieres in London 
1912
16th Boston Marathon won by Mike Ryan of NY in 2:21:18.2 
1913
17th Boston Marathon won by Fritz Carlson of Minn in 2:25:14.8 
1915
19th Boston Marathon won by Edouard Fabre of Canada in 2:31:41.2 
1916
"Bing Boys are Here" opens in London 
1916
20th Boston Marathon won by Arthur Roth of Mass in 2:27:16.4 
1916
Italians troops conquer Col di Lana at Merano 
1916
Alderman Kelly reads the 'Castle Order' to a meeting of Dublin Corporation; this forged document supposedly from Dublin Castle, indicated that there was to be mass arrests of Irish Volunteers to prevent "trouble" 
1917
21st Boston Marathon won by Bill Kennedy of NY in 2:28:37.2 
1919
23rd Boston Marathon won by Carl Linder of Mass in 2:29:13.4 
1919
French assembly decides on 8 hour work day 
1919
Leslie Irvin of US makes 1st parachute jump & free fall 
1919
Opera "Monsieur Beaucaire" is produced (London) 
1920
24th Boston Marathon won by Peter Trivoulidas of Greece in 2:29:31 
1921
25th Boston Marathon won by Frank Zuna of NJ in 2:18:57.6 
1921
Funeral of last German Emperoress, Augusta Victoria 
1922
26th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:18:10 
1923
27th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:23:37.4 
1923
New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers 
1924
"National Barn Dance" premieres on WLS Chicago 
1924
28th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:29:40.2 
1926
30th Boston Marathon won by Johnny Miles of Canada in 2:25:40.4 
1927
"Vagabond King" opens in London 
1927
31st Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:40:22.2 
1928
32nd Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:37:07.8 
1928
Japanese troops occupies Sjantung-schiereiland 
1928
Yanks are out of 1st place for 1st time since May 1926 
1928
The 125th and final fascicle of the Oxford English Dictionary is published. 
1929
33rd Boston Marathon won by Johnny Miles of Canada in 2:33:08.6 
1930
34th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:34:48.2 
1932
36th Boston Marathon won by Paul de Bruyn of Germany in 2:33:36.4 
1932
President Herbert Hoover suggests 5 day work week 
1932
Bonnie Parker is captured in a failed hardware store burglary, and subsequently jailed. A grand jury fails to indict her, however, and she is released a few months later 
1933
37th Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:31:01.6 
1933
FDR announces US will leave gold standard 
1934
38th Boston Marathon won by Dave Komonen of Canada in 2:32:53.8 
1934
Shirley Temple appears in her 1st movie, "Stand Up & Cheer" 
1935
39th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley of Mass in 2:32:07.4 
1936
Anti-Jewish riots break out in Palestine 
1936
First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine. 
1937
41st Boston Marathon won by Walter Young of Canada in 2:33:20 
1938
42nd Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:35:34.8 
1938
Phil Emmett Mueller & Dodger Ernie Koy both homer in their 1st at bat 
1939
43rd Boston Marathon won by Ellison Brown of RI in 2:28:51.8 
1939
Connecticut finally approves Bill of Rights (148 years late) 
1940
"Lake Shore Ltd" derails speed killing 34 near Little Falls NY 
1940
44th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:28:28.6 
1940
Dutch prime minister De Geer declares state of siege 
1941
45th Boston Marathon won by Leslie Pawson of RI in 2:30:38 
1941
B Brecht's "Mutter Courage und ihre Kinder" premieres in Zurich 
1941
Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia 
1941
Milk rationed in Holland 
1942
46th Boston Marathon won by Joe Smith of Mass in 2:26:51.2 
1943
47th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:28:25.8 
1943
SS-lt-gen Jurgen Stoop leads destruction of ghetto of Warsaw 
1943
Bicycle Day - Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time. 
1944
Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra 
1945
49th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley of Mass in 2:30:40.2 
1945
Rodgers & Hammerstein musical "Carousel" opens on Broadway 
1945
US aircraft carrier Franklin heavy damaged in Japanese air raid 
1945
US offensive against Shuri-barrier on Okinawa 
1945
The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala are established. 
1946
Yankees switch from 3rd base to 1st base dug out 
1947
51st Boston Marathon won by Yun Bok Soh of Korea in 2:25:39 
1947
AAU record for a 25-foot rope climb is set in 4.7 seconds 
1947
French ship explodes in Texas City harbor, kills about 522 
1947
Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Montreal Canadiens, 4 games to 2 
1947
Suh Yun Buck wins world record marathon (2:25:39) 
1947
After scoring 45 goals during the regular season, Maurice Richard is named MVP. 
1948
52nd Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:02 
1948
ABC-TV network begins 
1948
Chiang Kai-shek elected president of Nationalist China 
1949
53rd Boston Marathon won by Gosta Leandersson of Sweden in 2:31:50.8 
1949
Yankees dedicate a plaque for Babe Ruth 
1950
54th Boston Marathon won by Kee Yong Ham of Korea in 2:32:39 
1951
"Tree Grows in Brooklyn" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 267 perfs 
1951
55th Boston Marathon won by Shigeki Tanaka of Japan in 2:27:45 
1951
Gen Douglas MacArthur ends his military career 
1952
56th Boston Marathon won by Doroteo Flores of Guatemala in 2:31:53 
1953
Louise Suggs wins LPGA San Diego Golf Open 
1953
WAFB TV channel 9 in Baton Rouge, LA (CBS) begins broadcasting 
1954
58th Boston Marathon won by Veikko Karvonen of Finland in 2:20:39 
1954
7-time winner of Boston Marathon, 65-year-old Clarence Demar, runs his last race at Boston finishing 78th 
1955
59th Boston Marathon won by Hideo Hamamura of Japan in 2:18:22 
1955
The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network. 
1956
1st ML baseball game in NJ, Dodgers beat Phils in Roosevelt Stadium 
1956
60th Boston Marathon won by Antti Viskari of Finland in 2:14:14 
1958
62nd Boston Marathon won by Franjo Mihalic of Yugoslavia in 2:25:54 
1959
Louise Suggs wins LPGA Dallas Civitan Golf Open 
1959
Uprising in La Paz Bolivia, fails 
1960
64th Boston Marathon won by Paavo Kotila of Finland in 2:20:54 
1960
Baseball uniforms begin displaying players' names on their backs 
1960
Comiskey Park's famed "exploding" scoreboard begins operating 
1961
65th Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:23:39 
1962
66th Boston Marathon won by Eino Oksanen of Finland in 2:23:48 
1962
NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 46,900m 
1963
"Hot Spot" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 43 performances 
1963
67th Boston Marathon won by Aurele Vandendriessche of Belgium in 2:18:58 
1964
Mickey Wright wins LPGA Peach Blossom Golf Invitational 
1964
Rightist coup in Laos, Suvanna Phuma remains premier 
1964
Roger Sessions' opera "Montezuma" premieres in West Berlin 
1965
1st all news radio station (WINS 1010 AM in NYC) begins operating 
1965
69th Boston Marathon won by Morio Shigematsu of Japan in 2:16:33 
1965
T.A.M.I. Show premieres in London 
1965
At a cost of $20,000, the outer Astrodome ceiling is painted because of sun's glare, this causes the grass to die 
1966
In 1st regular season game at Anaheim Stadium, Angels lose 3-1 to Chic 
1966
70th Boston Marathon won by Kenji Kimihara of Japan in 2:17:11 
1966
Roberta Bignay becomes 1st woman to run in the Boston Marathon 
1967
"Casino Royale" premieres 
1967
71st Boston Marathon won by Dave McKenzie of New Zealand in 2:15:45 
1967
Beatles sign a contract to stay together for 10 years (they don't) 
1967
Yugoslav author Mihaljo Mihaljov sentenced 4½ years 
1968
72nd Boston Marathon won by Amby Burfoot of Conn in 2:22:17 
1968
Belgian construction workers strike 
1968
NL owners approve expansion for 2 new teams 
1969
Serious rioting in the Bogside area of Derry following clashes between Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association marchers and Loyalists and members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary 
1970
"Look to the Lilies" closes at Lunt-Fontanne NYC after 25 perfs 
1970
24th Tony Awards: Borstal Boy & Applause win 
1970
Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Raleigh Ladies Golf Invitational 
1971
75th Boston Marathon won by Alvaro Mejia of Colombia in 2:18:45 
1971
Charles Manson sentenced to life (Sharon Tate murder) 
1971
Sierra Leone becomes a republic (Natl Day) 
1971
USSR Salyut 1 launched; 1st manned lab in orbit 
1972
"Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope" opens at Playhouse NYC for 1,065 perfs 
1972
Bangladesh becomes a member of British Commonwealth 
1972
Hungary revises constitution 
1972
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1972
British Prime Ministe rEdward Heath confirms that a plan to conduct an arrest operation, in the event of a riot during the march on 30 January 1972, was known to British government Ministers in advance 
1973
Barbra Streisand records "Between Yesterday & Tomorrow" 
1973
Steinbrenner replaces Mike Burke with Gabe Paul as Yankee president 
1973
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1974
Oriole Al Bumbry hits an inside-the-park HR against NY Yankees 
1975
India launches 1st satellite with help of USSR 
1976
5th Boston Women's Marathon won by Kim Merritt of Wis in 2:47:10 
1976
80th Boston Marathon won by Jack Fultz of Wash, DC in 2:20:19 
1978
Yitzhak Navron elected 5th president of Israel 
1979
FCC raids & shuts down pirate radio station WFAT (Brooklyn New York) 
1979
Following a 6-3 loss to the Orioles, Yanks Goose Gossage & Cliff 
1979
Johnson brawl, Gossage sustains a sprained ligament in his left thumb 
1981
Beth Daniel wins LPGA Florida Lady Citrus Golf 
1981
Oakland A's runs record to 11-0 
1981
William Finn's musical "March of Falsettos" premieres in NYC 
1981
Rochester Red Wings & Pawtucket Red Sox play to 2-2 tie in 32 innings, game suspended at 4:07 AM (Pawtucket later wins in 33rd) 
1982
11th Boston Women's Marathon won by Charlotte Teske of Ger in 2:29:33 
1982
86th Boston Marathon won by Alberto Salazar of Oreg in 2:08:51 
1982
Guinon Bluford announced as 1st black astronaut 
1982
Rosie Ruiz, marathon race cheater, arrested for forgery 
1982
Sally Ride announced as 1st woman astronaut 
1982
USSR Salyut 7 space station put into orbit 
1983
France performs nuclear test 
1984
Nemesis, death star of dinosaurs 1st appears in print (Nature magazine) 
1985
16th Space Shuttle Mission (51-D)-Discovery 4 returns to Earth 
1985
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1985
Advance Australia Fair is proclaimed as Australia's national anthem, and green and gold as the national colours. 
1986
Michael Spinks beats Larry Holmes in 15 for heavyweight boxing title 
1987
Brendon Kuruppu scores 201* on Test Cricket debut (Sri Lanka v NZ) 
1987
Brewers score 5 runs in 9th to win 6-4 & record 12th straight AL win 
1987
Gregory Robertson does 200-mph free fall to save unconscious skydiver 
1987
Jacqueline Blanc, sets women's downhill ski speed rec (124.902 mph) 
1987
Jan Stephenson wins LPGA Santa Barbara Golf Open 
1987
LA Clippers end season with a terrible 12-70 record 
1987
Last wild condor captured on California wildlife reserve 
1987
USSR performs underground nuclear test 
1989
Gun turret explodes on USS Iowa, killing 47 sailors 
1989
Kevin Elster (NY Mets), sets errorless shortstop mark at 73 
1989
Republic Day in Sierra Leone 
1990
Contra guerrillas, leftist Sandinistas & incoming government agree to truce 
1990
Marla Maples appears on ABC's Prime-Time 
1990
Pistons & 76'ers get into a fight accruing $162,500 fines (NBA record) 
1990
Truce in Nicaragua's civil war 
1991
Evander Holyfield beats George Foreman in 12 for heavyweight boxing title 
1991
Greyhound Bus posts $195 million loss for 1990 
1992
"4 Baboons Adoring the Sun" closes at Beaumont NYC after 38 perf 
1992
Balki & Mary Ann wed on "Perfect Strangers" 
1992
Dottie Mochrie wins LPGA Sega Women's Golf Championship 
1993
22nd Boston Women's Marathon won by Olga Markova of Russia in 2:25:27 
1993
97th Boston Marathon won by Cosmas N'deti of Kenya in 2:09:33 
1993
After a 51 day siege by the FBI 76 Branch Davidians die in a fire near Waco Texas (accident, suicide, tear gas are disputed causes) 
1993
Fire in psychiatric institute in South Korea, kills 40 
1993
South Dakota governor George Mickelson and seven others are killed when a state-owned aircraft crashed lands in Iowa. 
1994
15th Emmy Sports Award presentation 
1994
Graeme Obree bicycles world record 10km (11:25.88) 
1994
Inkatha ends boycott of South African multi-racial election 
1994
Rodney King award $3,800,000 in compensation for his police beating 
1994
Supreme Court outlaws excluding people from juries because of gender 
1995
Chopper 4 1st used on WNBC TV (NYC) news 
1995
Truck bomb at Federal Building in Oklahoma City, kills 168 & injures 500 
1996
Rangers scores 16 in 8th vs Orioles 
1996
South Africa defeat Pakistan to win the Pepsi Cup in Sharjah 
1997
Renee Slaughter crowned 14th Miss Hawaiian Tropic Intl 
1997
SD Padres & St Louis Cards play at Aloha Stadium Hawaii 
1998
59th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: 
1999
The German Bundestag returns to Berlin. 
2005
Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger elected Pope Benedict XVI on the second day of the Papal conclave. 
2011
Fidel Castro resigns from the Communist Party of Cuba's central committee after 45 years of holding the title. 
2012
Levon Helm, American rock musician, dies from throat cancer at 71 
2013
Boston bombing suspects killed and captured in Boston after 4 days 
2016
Japan quake survivors struggle with shortages, search for missing goes on 
2016
US oil investors rush for protection at $35 as Doha talks collapse 
2016
Ecuador earthquake: At least 413 people confirmed dead 
2016
Two Boston Marathon amputee survivors run 2016 race 
2017
British lawmakers set to approve PM May's June 8 election plan 
2017
North Korean mock-up birthday video shows missiles blowing up US 
2017
Facebook CEO vows to help prevent repeat of Cleveland murder posting 
2017
Police: Man kills 3 in Fresno, calls whites 'devils' 
2017
Etan Patz Killer Sentenced To 25 Years To Life 
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