Today in History - Historical Events - April 18th

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Notable Historical Events on April 18th

1834Charles Darwin sails to Rio Santa Cruz up Patagonia

1874David Livingstone, African explorer, buried in Westminster Abbey

1982Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA CPC Women's Golf International

1999Wayne Gretzky plays his last game in the NHL, as his New York Rangers lose 2-1 to the Pittsburgh Penguins

1958A United States federal court rules that poet Ezra Pound is to be released from an insane asylum.

1995Quarterback Joe Montana announces his retirement from football

1966Bill Russell became 1st black coach in NBA history (Boston Celtics)

1987Mike Schmidt hits 500th home run (vs Robinson-Pirates)

1775Paul Revere & William Dawes ride from Charleston to Lexington warning the "regulars are coming!"

1977Alex Haley, author of "Roots", awarded Pulitzer Prize

1977Eddie Murray hits his 1st HR

1946Jackie Robinson debuts as 2nd baseman for the Montreal Royals

1942James Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities

1993David Lee Roth arrested in NYC for purchasing marijuana for $10

1991John Stockton breaks his own NBA season assist record at 1,136

1971Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Raleigh Golf Classic

1975John Lennon releases "Stand by Me"

1881Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.

1865Confederate Gen Johnson surrendered to General William T. Sherman in North Carolina

1934Hitler names Joachim von Ribbentrop ambassador for disarmament

1908Tommy Burns KOs Jewy Smith in 5 for heavyweight boxing title

1983Pulitzer Prize awarded to Alice Walker for "The Color Purple"

1988Barbra Streisand records "Warm All Over"

1521Diet of Worms: Cardinal Alexander questions Martin Luther

April 18th Historical Events
Date Event
310
St Eusebius begins his reign as Catholic Pope 
387
Bishop Ambrosius of Milan baptizes Augustinus 
1025
Bolesław Chrobry is crowned in Gniezno, becoming the first King of Poland. 
1506
The cornerstone of the current St. Peter's Basilica is laid. 
1518
Bona Sforza is crowned as queen consort of Poland. 
1521
Diet of Worms: Cardinal Alexander questions Martin Luther 
1552
Mauritius of Saksen occupies Linz 
1663
Osman declares war on Austria 
1666
Peace of Kleef: Netherlands & bishop Von Galen of Munster 
1676
Sudbury, Mass attacked by Indians 
1738
Real Academia de la Historia ("Royal Academy of History") founded in Madrid. 
1775
Paul Revere & William Dawes ride from Charleston to Lexington warning the "regulars are coming!" 
1783
Fighting ceases in the American Revolution, eight years to the day since it began. 
1797
France & Austria signs cease fire 
1809
1st run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket England 
1834
Charles Darwin sails to Rio Santa Cruz up Patagonia 
1835
William Lamb (Lord Melbourne) forms British government 
1838
Wilkes' expedition to South Pole sails 
1848
American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico. 
1853
1st train in Asia (Bombay to Tanna, 36 km) 
1856
Russian Republic Chancellor Earl von Nesselrode resigns 
1861
Battle of Harpers Ferry, Virginia, part of the Maryland Campaign (US Civil War) 
1861
Colonel Robert E. Lee turns down offer to command Union armies (US Civil War) 
1862
Battle of Ft Jackson, Ft St Philip & New Orlean's, LA 
1864
Battle of Poison Springs, AR (Camden Expedition) 
1865
Confederate Gen Johnson surrendered to General William T. Sherman in North Carolina 
1868
San Francisco Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals formed 
1869
1st international cricket match, held in SF, wins by Californian 
1874
David Livingstone, African explorer, buried in Westminster Abbey 
1876
Daniel O'Leary completes a 500 mile walk in 139 hrs 32 min 
1879
Trial of Standing Bear-Crook on indians citizen rights begins 
1880
An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100. 
1881
Natural History Museum opens in South Kensington, England 
1881
Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico. 
1890
NY Commission of Emigration ends, closing Castle Clinton 
1899
John McGraw, at 36, managerial debut as Oriole manager 
1899
The St. Andrew's Ambulance Association is granted a Royal Charter by Queen Victoria. 
1902
Denmark is 1st country to adopt fingerprinting to identify criminals 
1904
L'Humanité, under Jean Jaurès begins publishing 
1906
8.25 earthquake shakes SF Calif 
1906
Calvinist Reformed Union in Neth Church forms in Utrecht 
1906
San Francisco earthquake & fire kills nearly 4,000 & destroy 75% of city 
1906
The Los Angeles Times story on the Azusa Street Revival launches Pentecostalism as a worldwide movement. 
1907
Augustus Thomas' "Witching Hour" premieres in NYC 
1907
Fairmont Hotel opens 
1908
Tommy Burns KOs Jewy Smith in 5 for heavyweight boxing title 
1912
The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City. 
1912
Tripolitan War: in continuing hostilities, Turkey closes the Dardanelles Straits after an Italian naval bombardment of the coastline 
1915
French pilot Roland Garros is shot down and glides to a landing on the German side of the lines during World War I. 
1916
US Secretary of State Warns Germany that the USA may break diplomatic relations unless torpedo attacks on unarmed ships stop 
1918
Cleveland center fielder Tris Speaker turns an unassisted double play 
1921
Junior Achievement incorporated in Colorado Spring 
1921
Philip James Barry's "Punch for Judy" premieres in NYC 
1922
Netherlands soccer team defeats Denmark 2-0 
1923
74,000 (62,281 paid) on hand for opening of Yankee Stadium 
1923
Poland annexes Central Lithuania 
1924
1st crossword puzzle book published (Simon & Schuster) 
1925
World's Fair opens in Chicago 
1926
Rhein Stadium opens in Dusseldorf Germany 
1927
Chiang Kai-Shek forms anti-government in China 
1929
Palace for People's industry in Amsterdam devastated by fire 
1930
Attempted raid on the armoury of police and auxiliary forces in Chittagong in Bengal province, British India by armed pro-independence revolutionaries led by Surya Sen popularly known as Master-da. 
1934
1st "Washateria" (laundromat) opens (Fort Worth, Tx) 
1934
Hitler names Joachim von Ribbentrop ambassador for disarmament 
1935
Gen Sarazen's double eagle on 15th, wins him his 2nd Masters 
1935
Netherlands election (Musserts NSB wins 8% of vote) 
1936
Pan-Am Clipper begins regular passenger flights from San Francisco to Honolulu 
1938
Headless Mad Butcher victim found in Cleveland 
1939
Franz von Papen becomes German ambassador in Turkey 
1939
Hubert Pierlot forms Belgian government 
1942
"Stars & Stripes" paper for US armed forces starts 
1942
James Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities 
1942
Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 3 
1944
48th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:50.4 
1944
Leonard Bernstein & Jerome Robbins' ballet premieres in NYC 
1945
1 armed outfielder, St L Brown Pete Gray, 1st game he goes 1 for 4 
1945
Epe freed (by corporal G van Aken) 
1945
Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propoganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops 
1945
Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Bolivia are established. 
1946
"Call Me Mister" opens at National Theater NYC for 734 performances 
1946
Jackie Robinson debuts as 2nd baseman for the Montreal Royals 
1946
League of Nations dissolves (3 months after UN starts) 
1946
Rome/Auerbach/Horwitt's musical "Call Me Mister" premieres in NYC 
1946
US recognizes Tito's Yugoslavia government 
1948
International Court of Justice opens at Hague Netherlands 
1949
Republic of Ireland withdraws from British Commonwealth 
1950
1st opening night-game, Cards beat Pirates, 4-2 
1950
1st transatlantic jet passenger trip 
1950
Polish Catholic church & government sign accord over relations 
1950
Sam Jethroe is 1st black to play for Boston Braves 
1950
Yankees win 15-10 after trailing Red Sox 9-0 in 6th 
1951
"Make a Wish" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 102 performances 
1951
Dutch Antilles government of Da Costa Gomez forms 
1951
France, West Germany & Benelux form European Steel & Coal Community 
1953
"Pal Joey" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 542 performances 
1954
Colonel Nasser seizes power & becomes PM of Egypt 
1954
Louise Suggs wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open 
1955
"Ankles Aweigh" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 176 perfs 
1955
1st "Walk"/"Don't Walk" lighted street signals installed 
1955
1st Bandoeng Conference - Afro-Asian conference opens 
1956
Egypt & Israel agree to a cease fire 
1958
Government troops reconquer Padang, Middle-Sumatra Indonesia 
1958
NL single-game record of 78,682, Giants lose to Dogers 6-5, in LA 
1958
A United States federal court rules that poet Ezra Pound is to be released from an insane asylum. 
1959
Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4 games to 1 
1961
CONCP is founded in Casablanca as a united front of African movements opposing Portuguese colonial rule. 
1962
16th NBA Championship: Boston Celtics beat LA Lakers, 4 games to 3 
1963
"Sophie" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 8 performances 
1963
Dr James Campbell performed the 1st human nerve transplant 
1963
Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 1 
1964
"Cafe Crown" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 3 performances 
1964
"Foxy" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 72 performances 
1964
Artisans strike in Belgium ends 
1964
Sandy Koufax is 1st to strike out the side on 9 pitches 
1964
Van Joe Orton's "Entertaining Mr Sloane" 
1966
Bill Russell became 1st black coach in NBA history (Boston Celtics) 
1968
178,000 employees of US Bell Telephone System go on strike 
1968
1st ABA basketball championship began 
1968
Dutch Department of Amnesty International forms 
1968
London Bridge is sold to US oil company (to be erected in Arizona) 
1968
Mart Crowley's "Boys in the Band" premieres in NYC 
1968
Peter Luke's "Hadrian VII" premieres in London 
1968
San Francisco's Old Hall of Justice demolished 
1968
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1969
Melina Mercouri establishes Greek Aid Fund 
1971
Gavaskar makes 220 in 2nd inning v WI after 124 in 1st 
1971
Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Raleigh Golf Classic 
1972
"Lost in the Stars" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 39 performances 
1972
The Widgery Report on 'Bloody Sunday' in Northern Ireland is published, causing outrage among the people of Derry who call it the "Widgery Whitewash" 
1973
US Government ends Mandatory Oil Import Program, established in 1959 by President Eisenhower 
1974
Red Brigade kidnaps Italian attorney general Mario Sossi 
1975
John Lennon releases "Stand by Me" 
1976
30th Tony Awards: Travesties & Chorus Line win 
1976
Judy Rankin wins LPGA Karsten- Ping Golf Open 
1977
"Side by Side" by Stephen Sondheim opens at Music Box NYC for 390 perfs 
1977
6th Boston Women's Marathon won by Miki Gorman of California in 2:48:33 
1977
81st Boston Marathon won by Jerome Drayton of Canada in 2:14:46 
1977
Alex Haley, author of "Roots", awarded Pulitzer Prize 
1977
Eddie Murray hits his 1st HR 
1977
Pulitzer prize awarded to Michael Cristofer for "Shadow Box" 
1978
Senate votes to turn Panama Canal over to Panama on Dec 31, 1999 
1979
"Real People" premieres on NBC TV 
1979
Major Haddad declares South-Lebanon independent 
1980
Zimbabwe (formerly Southern Rhodesia) declares independence from UK 
1981
Pawtucket & Rochester start a 33-inning baseball game 
1982
Atlanta Braves win record 11th straight opening game (beat Astros) 
1982
Canada Constitution Act replaces British North America Act 
1982
Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA CPC Women's Golf International 
1982
Zimbabwe capital Salisbury renamed Harare 
1983
12th Boston Women's Marathon won by Joan Benoit Samuelson in 2:22:43 
1983
87th Boston Marathon won by Greg Meyer of Mass in 2:09:00 
1983
A lone suicide bomber kills 63, at US Embassy in Lebanon 
1983
KMO-AM in Tacoma Wash changes call letters to KAMT (now KKMO) 
1983
Pulitzer Prize awarded to Alice Walker for "The Color Purple" 
1983
Rangers 3-Isles 1-Patrick Div Finals-Series tied at 2-2 
1984
Challenger flies back to Kennedy Space Center via Kelly AFB 
1984
Joan Benoit runs world record female marathon (2:22:43) 
1985
Flyers 3-Isles 0-Patrick Div Finals-Flyers hold 1-0 lead 
1986
Robert M Gates, becomes deputy director of CIA 
1986
Titan rocket explodes seconds after liftoff from Vandenberg AFB 
1987
An unconscious skydiver is rescued by another diver in mid-air 
1987
Bob Land wins his 6th straight Kenduskeag Stream Canoe Race 
1987
Mike Schmidt hits 500th home run (vs Robinson-Pirates) 
1987
Pat Knauff, France sets 1-leg downhill ski speed record (115.012 mph) 
1988
17th Boston Women's Marathon won by Rosa Mota of Portugal in 2:24:30 
1988
92nd Boston Marathon won by Ibrahim Hussein of Kenya in 2:08:43 
1988
Barbra Streisand records "Warm All Over" 
1989
Zimbabwe gains independence 
1990
Bankruptcy court forces Frank Lorenzo to give up Eastern Airlines 
1990
Birmingham Fire issued an original franchise in WLAF 
1990
Supreme Court rules states could make it a crime to possess or look at child pornography, even in one's home 
1991
Census Bureau said it failed to count up to 63 million in 1990 census 
1991
Congress ends railroad worker 1 day strike 
1991
John Stockton breaks his own NBA season assist record at 1,136 
1992
Start of South Africa's 1st Test Cricket since 1970 (v WI Bridgetown) 
1993
"Ain't Broadway Grand" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 25 perfs 
1993
54th PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Tom Wargo 
1993
David Lee Roth arrested in NYC for purchasing marijuana for $10 
1993
Trish Johnson wins LPGA Atlanta Women's Golf Championship 
1994
"Beauty & the Beast" opens at Palace Theater NYC 
1994
23rd Boston Women's Marathon won by Uta Pippig of Germany in 2:21:45 
1994
98th Boston Marathon won by Cosmas Ndeti of Kenya in 2:07:15 
1994
Arsenio Hall announces he will end his show in May 1994 
1994
Brian Lara scores 375 for WI vs England to beat Sobers' record 
1994
Cricketer Brian Lara hits 375 runs on 1 day (world record) 
1994
Former President Nixon suffered a stroke & dies 4 days later 
1994
Lebanon drops relations with Iran 
1994
STS-59 (Endeavour) lands [approx] 
1995
Houston Post folds after 116 years 
1995
Quarterback Joe Montana announces his retirement from football 
1996
"Funny Thing Happened" opens at St James Theater NYC for 715 perfs 
1996
In Lebanon, at least 106 civilians are killed when the Israel Defense Forces accidentally shell the UN compound at Quana. 
1999
Wayne Gretzky plays his last game in the NHL, as his New York Rangers lose 2-1 to the Pittsburgh Penguins 
2007
The Supreme Court of the United States upholds the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 5-4 decision. 
2012
The Casoria Contemporary Art Museum in Naples begins burning artworks after cultural institution budget cuts 
2013
27 people are killed and 65 are injured in a cafe bombing in Baghdad, Iraq 
2013
Two earth-like planets are discovered orbiting the star Kepler-62 
2014
12 Nepalese climbers are killed by an avalanche on Mt Everest 
2016
Drone hits British Airways plane approaching Heathrow Airport 
2016
Asian shares drop, crude tumbles after Doha deal fails 
2016
China's first quarter quarterly growth of 1.1 percent misses forecasts 
2016
South Korea Says North Is Preparing for 5th Nuclear Test 
2017
New Trump Order Extends 'Buy American' And 'Hire American' Rules 
2017
Pence reassures Japan of US resolve against North Korea 
2017
A Murder Posted on Facebook Prompts Outrage and Questions Over Responsibility 
2017
White House: Trump congratulates Erdogan after disputed win 
2017
First woman to officially run Boston Marathon finishes race again at 70 
2017
Arkansas execution delayed as Supreme Court refuses to overrule state court 
2017
Trump may have to be patient about North Korea 
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