Today in History - Historical Events - April 13th

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Notable Historical Events on April 13th

1742George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" performed for the 1st time at New Music Hall in Dublin

199761st Golf Masters Championship: Tiger Woods at 21 (270 18 under par)

2004Barry Bonds hits his 661st career home run, passing Willie Mays on the all-time list

198044th Golf Masters Championship: Seve Ballesteros wins, shooting a 275

1963Pete Rose triples for his 1st major league base hit

1997NHL Pitts Penguin Mario Lemieux's last NHL regular game

1954Robert Oppenheimer accused of being a communist

1796Battle at Millesimo Italy: Napoleon beats Austrians

1926At 41, Walter Johnson pitches his 7th opening day shutout

1962Stan Musial scores his 1,869th run, a new NL record

1902J C Penney opens his 1st store in Kemmerer, Wyo

1943FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial

1869Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse)

1984Pete Rose becomes 1st NL to get get 4,000 hits in a career

1986Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Kyocera Inamori Golf Classic

1954Milwaukee Braves' Hank Aaron's 1st game

1986Pope John Paul II met Rome's Chief Rabbi Elio Toaff at Rome synagogue

1993Tom Stoppard's "Arcadia" premieres in London

April 13th Historical Events
Date Event
837
Best view of Halley's Comet in 2000 years 
989
Battle at Abydos: Byzantine emperor Basilius II beats Bardas Phocas 
1055
Bishop Gebhard van Eichstattt named Pope Victor II 
1111
Pope Paschalis II crowns Roman catholics-German king Hendrik II 
1180
Republic day of Gelnhausen 
1204
Crusaders occupy Constantinople 
1241
Battle at Theiss: Mongols beat Hungarian King Béla IV 
1250
The Seventh Crusade is defeated in Egypt, Louis IX of France is captured. 
1256
The Grand Union of the Augustinian order formed when Pope Alexander IV issues a papal bull Licet ecclesiae catholicae. 
1346
Pope Clemens VI declares German emperor Louis of Bavaria, envoy 
1367
Battle at Nájera Spain: Castile & England beat Aragon & France 
1517
Osmaanse army occupies Cairo 
1556
Portuguese Marranos who revert back to Judaism burned by order of Pope 
1598
Edict of Nantes grants political rights to French Huguenots 
1640
English Short Parliament forms (- May 5) 
1668
John Dryden (36) becomes 1st English poet laureate 
1741
Dutch people protest bad quality of bread 
1741
Royal Military Academy forms at Woolwich 
1742
George Frideric Handel's oratorio "Messiah" performed for the 1st time at New Music Hall in Dublin 
1759
French beat European Allies in Battle of Bergen 
1796
1st elephant arrives in US from India 
1796
Battle at Millesimo Italy: Napoleon beats Austrians 
1808
William Henry Lane ("Juda") perfects tap dance 
1829
English Emancipation Act grants freedom of religion to Catholics 
1834
HMS Beagle anchors at river mouth of Rio Santa Cruz, Patagonia 
1842
Lord Rosse successfully casts 72" (183-cm) mirror for a telescope 
1849
Hungarian Republic proclaimed 
1860
1st Pony Express reaches Sacramento Calif 
1861
After 34 hours of bombardment, Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederates (US Civil War) 
1863
Battle of Irish Bend, LA (Ft Bisland) 
1863
Hospital for Ruptured & Crippled in NY is 1st orthopedic hospital 
1865
Battle of Raleigh, NC 
1865
Sherman's march through Georgia begins 
1868
Abyssinian War ends as British and Indian troops capture Magdala and Ethiopian Emperor commits suicide 
1869
Steam power brake patented (George Westinghouse
1870
Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in NYC 
1873
Colfax Massacre in Grant Parish Louisiana (60 blacks killed) 
1882
Anti-Semitic League forms in Prussia 
1883
US prospecter Alfred Packer convicted of manslaughter though accused of cannibalism 
1895
Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Solitary Cyclist" (BG) 
1896
John Philip Sousa's "El Capitan" premieres at the Tremont Theatre in Boston, 
1902
J C Penney opens his 1st store in Kemmerer, Wyo 
1904
Battle at Oviumbo Africa: Herero's chase away German army 
1904
Congress authorizes Lewis & Clark Expo $1 gold coin 
1904
A squadron of the Russian fleet is decoyed out of Port Arthur by Japanese maneuvers, when they realize they are sailing into a trap; their battleship Petropavlovsk hits a mine and sinks, with a loss of 700 men 
1906
Mutiny on Portuguese battleships Dom Carlos & Vasco da Gama 
1908
Groundbreaking on Philadelphia's Shibe Park (home of A's & Phillies) 
1909
In Constantinople, the primarily Albanian First Army Corps seizes the parliament building and telegraphs offices, forcing the Ottoman statesman Hilmi Pasha to resign 
1911
Polo Grounds grandstand & left field bleachers go up in flames 
1911
The US House of Representatives votes to institute direct elections of senators to Congress, a step towards direct democracy 
1912
Royal Flying Corps forms (later RAF) 
1914
1st Federal League Game: Balt Terrapins beat Buffalo 3-2 
1918
Electrical fire kills 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital 
1919
Amritsar Massacre-British Army fires on nationalist rioters in India 
1919
British forces kill 100s of Indian Nationalists (Amritsar Massacre) 
1919
The Establishment of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea. 
1920
1st woman US Civil Service Commissioner, Helen Hamilton appointed 
1921
Foundation of the Spanish Communist Workers' Party. 
1923
Army wins 1st college three-weapon fencing championships 
1924
Greek plebiscite for a republic 
1925
Virginia Theater (ANTA, Guild) opens at 245 W 52nd St NYC 
1926
At 41, Walter Johnson pitches his 7th opening day shutout 
1926
Bicyclists without bicycle-tax-stamp rounded up in Amsterdam 
1927
Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators beat Boston Bruins, in 2 games & 2 ties 
1928
1st trans atlantic flight Europe-US (Fitzmaurice-von Hunefeld-Köhl) 
1932
Kozakken Boys soccer team forms in Werkendam forms 
1933
1st flight over Mount Everest (Lord Clydesdale) 
1933
Stanley Cup: NY Rangers beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 3 games to 1 
1934
4.7 million US families report receiving welfare payments 
1934
US Congress passes Johnson Debt Default Act 
1936
Metaxas proclaims himself dictator of Greece 
1938
Clifford Goldsmith' "What a Life" premieres in NYC 
1939
W Saroyan's "My Heart's in the Highlands" premieres in NYC 
1939
In India, the Hindustani Lal Sena (Indian Red Army) is formed and vows to engage in armed struggle against the British. 
1940
2nd battle of Narvik-8 German destroyers, destroyed 
1940
Cornelious Warmerdam became 1st man to pole vault 15 ft 
1940
Stanley Cup: NY Rangers beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4 games to 2 
1941
Heavy German assault on Tobruk 
1941
Pact of neutrality between the USSR and Japan is signed. 
1943
Catholic University Nijegen closes 
1943
FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial 
1943
Nazis discover mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn 
1944
South Carolina rejects black suffrage 
1944
Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep Chicago Blackhawks in 4 games 
1944
Transport nr 71 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany 
1944
The diplomatic relations between New Zealand and the Soviet Union are established. 
1945
Canadian army liberates Teuge & Assen Neth from Nazis 
1945
Red Army occupies Vienna 
1945
US Marines conquer Minna Shima off Okinawa 
1946
Belgian premier Acker proclaims wage & price freeze over 
1946
Eddie Klepp, a white pitcher signed by defending Negro League champ Cleveland Buckeyes, is barred from field in Birmingham Alabama 
1948
75 scientists ambushed on way to Mount Scopus 
1949
3rd NBA Championship: Minn Lakers beat Wash Capitols, 4 games to 2 
1953
1st game of Milwaukee Braves, they beat Cin Reds 2-0 
1954
Balt Orioles 1st game, loses to Tigers in Detroit 3-0 
1954
Milwaukee Braves' Hank Aaron's 1st game 
1954
Robert Oppenheimer accused of being a communist 
1955
20.33" (51.64 cm) of rainfall, Axis, Alabama (state record) 
1956
KETA TV channel 13 in Oklahoma City, OK (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1957
"Shinbone Alley" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 49 performances 
1957
11th NBA Championship: Bost Celtics beat St Louis Hawks, 4 games to 3 
1957
11th Tony Awards: Long Days Journey into the Night & My Fair Lady win 
1957
Due to lack of funds, Saturday mail delivery in US is temp halted 
1958
12th Tony Awards: Sunrise at Campobello & Music Man win 
1958
Van Cliburn is the first American to win the Chaikovsky Compettion in Moscow. 
1959
USAF launches Discoverer II into polar orbit 
1959
Vanguard SLV-5 launched for Earth orbit (failed) 
1959
Vatican edict forbids Roman Catholics for voting for communists 
1960
France becomes 4th nuclear nation exploding an A-Bomb in Sahara 
1960
Transit 1B, 1st navigational satellite, placed in Earth orbit 
1961
"Carnival!" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 719 performances 
1961
UN General Assembly condemns South-Africa's apartheid 
1962
Stan Musial scores his 1,869th run, a new NL record 
1962
US steel industry forced to give up price increases 
1963
Pete Rose triples for his 1st major league base hit 
1963
Pirate's Bob Friend balks 4 times in a game 
1964
36th Academy Awards - "Tom Jones", Best Film, Sidney Poitier & Patricia Neal win Best Actor/Actress 
1964
Ian D Smith becomes premier of Rhodesia 
1964
New Zealand Colin Bosher shears a record 565 sheep in 1 work day 
1965
Beatles record "Help" 
1965
1st US Senate black page, Lawrence W Bradford Jr, 16, appointed by NY Sen Jacob Javits 
1965
7th Grammy Awards: The Girl From Ipanema, The Beatles wins 
1966
Pan Am places $525,000,000 order for 25 Boeing 747s 
1969
33rd Golf Masters Championship: George Archer wins, shooting a 281 
1969
Closure of the Brisbane tramway network. 
1970
34th Golf Masters Championship: Billy Casper wins, shooting a 279 
1970
Greek composer Mikis Theordorakis freed 
1970
Apollo 13 announces "Houston, we've got a problem!" as Beech-built oxygen tank explodes en route to Moon 
1970
Oakland uses gold-colored bases during the club's home opener Rules Committee subsequently bans this innovation 
1972
1st baseball players' strike ends after 13 days 
1975
39th Golf Masters Championship: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 276 
1975
Chad military coup by General Odingar 
1975
Christian Falange kills 27 Palestinians, begins Lebanese civil war 
1975
Penguins 5-Isles 4-Quarterfinals-Penguins hold 1-0 lead 
1976
$2 bill re-introduced as US currency 
1976
1st NBA playoff game for Cleve Cavliers, they lose 100-95 to Wash 
1976
Federal Reserve begins issuing $2 bicentennial notes 
1978
Jackson slugs a 3-run HR in the 1st inning, & the field is showered 
1978
NY Yanks defeat White Sox 4-2 in home opener on Reggie Candy Bar Day 
1979
Christian Turks occupy St Jansbasiliek 
1979
Longest doubles ping-pong match ends after 101 hours 
1979
Yusuf Lule becomes premier of Uganda 
1980
"Grease" closes at Broadhurst Theater NYC after 3,388 performances 
1980
"Reggae" closes at Biltmore Theater NYC after 21 performances 
1980
44th Golf Masters Championship: Seve Ballesteros wins, shooting a 275 
1980
Amy Alcott wins LPGA American Defender/WRAL Golf Classic 
1980
Emmy News & Documentaries Award presentation 
1980
US boycotts Summer Olympics in Moscow 
1981
Pulitzer prize awarded to Beth Henley for "Crimes of the Heart" 
1981
Wash Post Janet Cooke wins Pulitzer Prize (later admits story a hoax) 
1982
Penguins 3-Isles 4 (OT)-Preliminary-Isles win series (3-2) 
1983
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1983
Undefeated middleweight boxer Tony Ayala gets 35 years on sex assault 
1984
11th Space Shuttle Mission (41C)-Challenger 5-returns to Earth 
1984
India beat Pak by 58 runs to win 1st Asia Cricket Cup in Sharjah 
1984
Pete Rose becomes 1st NL to get get 4,000 hits in a career 
1985
"TASS" denounced US boycott of Moscow Olympics 
1985
Atlantis ferried to Kennedy Space Center via Ellington AFB, Texas 
1985
Caps 1-Isles 2-Patrick Div Semifinals- Caps hold 2-1 lead 
1985
Katrin Dörre wins 1st female World Cup marathon (2:33:30) 
1985
Ramiz Alia succeeds Enver Hoxha as party leader of Albania 
1986
50th Golf Masters Championship: Jack Nicklaus wins, shooting a 279 
1986
Boston Celtics end season with a 40-1 home win record 
1986
Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Kyocera Inamori Golf Classic 
1986
Pope John Paul II met Rome's Chief Rabbi Elio Toaff at Rome synagogue 
1986
Spanish Grand Prix decided by 0.014 of a second 
1987
1st 3 SD Padres hit HRs off SF starter Roger Mason 
1987
Portugal signs agreement to return Macau to China (in 1999) 
1988
Italy government of De Mita forms 
1989
"Welcome to the Club" opens at Music Box Theater NYC for 12 perfs 
1990
4th largest NBA crowd (45,458) see Orlando play at Minneapolis 
1990
Final episode of Pat Sajak's late night TV show on CBS 
1990
NY Rangers beat NY Islanders 6-5, Rangers win preliminary, 4-1 
1991
BPAA US Open by Pete Weber 
1992
"2 Trains Running" opens at Walter Kerr Theater NYC for 160 perfs 
1992
5.5 earthquake hits Netherlands 
1992
American Airlines reduce its 1st-class fares 20%-50% 
1992
Crystal Pepsi begins test marketing in Providence, Denver & Dallas 
1992
Great Chicago Flood - Chicago's underground tunnels flood 
1992
Lou Conaseca retires as coach of St John's basketball team 
1992
Longest 2 undefeated baseball teams to meet (NY Yanks 5-0 vs Toronto Blue Jays 6-0); Yanks score 3 in top of 9th to win 5-2 
1993
"3 Men on a Horse" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 40 performances 
1993
14th Emmy Sports Award presentation 
1993
Tom Stoppard's "Arcadia" premieres in London 
1994
President guard at Kigali Rwanda, chops 1,200 church members to death 
1994
Target date for Israeli complete withdrawal, doesn't occur 
1994
United Arab Emirates' 1st official ODI, losing to India 
1995
Yankees beat the Mets 2-0 
1996
En route to NHL record 62 victories Detroit Red Wings win #61 
1996
Ottawa Senators eliminate Stanley Cup Champs NJ Devils from playoff 
1997
"American Daughter" opens at Cort Theater NYC for 88 performances 
1997
48th time opposing pitchers hit HRS, Carlos Perez (Mon)/Darren Holmes 
1997
61st Golf Masters Championship: Tiger Woods at 21 (270 18 under par) 
1997
Hartford Whalers last NHL game 
1997
NHL Pitts Penguin Mario Lemieux's last NHL regular game 
1997
Travis Fryman homers off R Hernandez in both games of double header 1st time since 1961 that 2 doubleheaders are played in the same city Giants vs Mets & Oakland A's vs Yankees in NY 
2002
Pedro Carmona, interim president of Venezuela, resigns one day after taking office. 
2003
67th Golf Masters Championship: Mike Weir wins, shooting a 281 
2004
Barry Bonds hits his 661st career home run, passing Willie Mays on the all-time list 
2006
Powerful tornadoes rip through Iowa City, Iowa. 
2008
72nd Golf Masters Championship: Trevor Immelman wins, shooting a 280 
2012
North Korean long range rocket testing ends in failure after the rocket broke up after launch 
2013
8 people are killed after a bomb explodes on a bus in Peshawar, Pakistan 
2013
20 civilians are killed by the government bombing of Saraqib, Idlib 
2014
Kenyan Wilson Kipsang wins the London Marathon 
2014
Bubba Watson wins the US Golf Masters 
2014
Manny Pacquiao defeats Timothy Bradley to regain his WBO welterweight boxing title 
2016
In North Carolina and Mississippi, Backlash Grows Over Rights Law 
2016
North Korea Threatens South Korea Over 13 Defectors 
2016
US Congress sends Obama bill incentivizing Zika drug development 
2017
Russia Vetoes UN Resolution Condemning Syria Chemical Attack 
2017
St. Louis Sues NFL Over Rams' Departure 
2017
ACLU Files 13 Lawsuits For Records Related To Trump's Travel Ban 
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