Today in History - Historical Events - April 12th

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Notable Historical Events on April 12th

1961Douglas MacArthur declines offer to become baseball commissioner

1959Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open

1970Yankees dedicate plaques to Mickey Mantle & Joe DiMaggio

1952Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Houston Weathervane Golf Tournament

1955salk polio vaccine safe & effective; 4 billion dimes marched

1961Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin becomes 1st person to orbit Earth (Vostok 1)

1864Confederate Gen Nathan Bedford Forrest captures Fort Pillow, Tn

195317th Golf Masters Championship: Ben Hogan wins, shooting a 274

1945Harry Truman sworn in as 33rd pres

198145th Golf Masters Championship: Tom Watson wins, shooting a 280

1872Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead/$1,500)

1999US President Bill Clinton is cited for contempt of court for giving "intentionally false statements" in a sexual harassment civil lawsuit.

1941Vichy-France's head of government Admiral Dalarn consults with Hitler

196428th Golf Masters Championship: Arnold Palmer wins, shooting a 276

19429th Golf Masters Championship: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 280

1981Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA American Defender/WRAL Golf Classic

19613rd Grammy Awards: Theme From a Summer Place, Ray Charles wins 4

195418th Golf Masters Championship: Sam Snead wins, shooting a 289

April 12th Historical Events
Date Event
467
Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire. 
1065
Pilgrims under bishop Gunther of Bamberg reach Jerusalem 
1111
Pope Paschalis II crowns Henry V, Roman emperor 
1204
4th Crusade occupies & plunders Constantinople 
1229
Queen Blanche of Castile & earl Raymond VII van Toulouse sign peace 
1545
French King Francois I orders protestants of Vaudois to be killed 
1557
Cuenca is founded in Ecuador. 
1606
England adopts the Union Flag, replaced in 1801 by current Union Flag/Union Jack 
1648
University of Harderwijk Neth solemn opens 
1654
Ordinance of Union between England and Scotland passed by the Council of State 
1713
Dutch State-Gen signs peace with France: Neth loses Orange Princedom 
1770
Townsend Acts repealed 
1776
Halifax resolution for independence adopted by North Carolina 
1782
Battle at Les Saintes West-Indies: British fleet beats French 
1787
Philadelphia's Free African Society forms 
1811
1st US colonists on Pacific coast arrive at Cape Disappointment, WA 
1820
Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organization to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece. 
1826
Weber's opera "Oberon" premieres in London 
1844
Texan envoys sign Treaty of Annexation with the United States 
1857
Gustave Flaubert's "Madame Bovary" published 
1858
1st US billiards championship (Michael J Phelan wins in Detroit) 
1859
Hibernia Savings & Loan Society of SF incorporates 
1861
Fort Sumter, SC is shelled by Confederacy, starting Civil War 
1862
James Andrews steals Confederate train (General) at Kennesaw, GA 
1862
Union troops occupy Fort Pulaski Georgia 
1863
-14] Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche Louisiana 
1864
Battle of Blair's Landing LA 
1864
Confederate Gen Nathan Bedford Forrest captures Fort Pillow, Tn 
1869
North Carolina legislature passes anti-Klan Law 
1872
Jesse James gang robs bank in Columbia, Kentucky (1 dead/$1,500) 
1877
British annex Transvaal, in South Africa 
1877
Catcher's mask 1st used in a baseball game 
1883
French troops under lt-colonel Borgnis-Desbordes occupy Bamako Senegal 
1887
Henrik Ibsen's "Rosmersholm" premieres in Oslo 
1892
George C Blickensderfer patents portable typewriter 
1893
Battle at Hoornkrans Southwest-Africa: German Schutztruppen chases away Hottentotten under Hendrik Witbooi 
1894
British & Belgian secret accord on dividing Central-Africa 
1896
Stamasia Portrisi is 1st woman to win a marathon (5:30 in Athens) 
1898
Army transfers Yerba Buena Island in SF Bay to Navy 
1900
The US Congress passes the Foraker Act, establishing Puerto Rico as an unincorporated territory (effective 1 May) 
1905
French Dufaux brothers test helicopter 
1905
Hippodrome arena opens (NYC) 
1907
Belgium government of De Stain de Naeyer, resigns 
1907
In Switzerland, parliament passes a new army bill reorganizing the nation's forces into a standing militia, with training required for all males 
1908
Fire makes 17,000 homeless in Chelsea Massachusetts 
1909
Philadelphia's Shibe Park (later Connie Mack Stadium) opens 
1911
1st non-stop London-Paris flight (Pierre Prier in 3h56m) 
1916
Irish nationalist activist and poet Roger Casement boards submarine U-19 at Wilmshaven, Germany, bound for a rendezvous with the Aud at Tralee 
1917
Bijou Theater opens at 222 W 45th St NYC (Demolished 1982) 
1917
Domenico Scarlatti & Jeab Cocteaus ballet premieres in Rome 
1919
British Parliament passes a 48-hour work week with minimum wages 
1926
Dutch Catholic Radio Broadcast (KRO) forms 
1927
Gen Chiang Kai-shek begins counter revolution in Shanghai 
1930
4th Test Cricket WI v England ends in a draw after nine days 
1930
Wilfred Rhodes ends Test Cricket career aged 52 years 165 days 
1931
Joe McCarthy debuts as NY Yankee manager 
1931
Spanish voters reject the monarchy 
1932
Emmanuel Chabriers & Balanchines ballet premieres in Monte Carlo 
1933
Moffatt Field commissioned 
1934
Second highest ever wind spped of 372 km/h (231 mph) recorded on Mt Washington 
1934
The US Auto-Lite Strike begins, culminating in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers. 
1935
Germany prohibits publishing "not-Arian" writers 
1935
Royal Proclamation sets design of Canada's new Jubilee Silver Dollar 
1935
First flight of the Bristol Blenheim. 
1937
Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft at Rugby, England. 
1938
1st US law requiring medical tests for marriage licenses (NY) 
1938
Stanley Cup: Chicago Blackhawks beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 3 games to 1 
1938
US began requiring medical tests for marriage licenses 
1940
Italy annexes Albania 
1940
NFL cuts clipping penalty from 25 yards to 15 yards 
1941
Stanley Cup: Boston Bruins sweep Detroit Red Wings in 4 games 
1941
Vichy-France's head of government Admiral Dalarn consults with Hitler 
1942
9th Golf Masters Championship: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 280 
1942
Japan kills about 400 Filipino officers in Bataan 
1943
Allies conquer Soussa, North-Africa 
1943
Dutch Catholic University Nijmegen closed 
1944
Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind" premieres in NYC 
1945
Canadian troops liberate Nazi concentration camp Westerbork, Netherlands 
1945
Harry Truman sworn in as 33rd pres 
1945
Richard Strauss completes his "Metamorphosis" 
1946
Syria gains independence from France 
1951
Israeli Knesset officially designated April 13 as Holocaust Day 
1952
Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Houston Weathervane Golf Tournament 
1952
Salaheddine Baccouche forms Tunisian government 
1953
17th Golf Masters Championship: Ben Hogan wins, shooting a 274 
1953
KFDX TV channel 3 in Wichita Falls, TX (NBC) begins broadcasting 
1953
Keizo Yamada runs fastest marathon to date, at Boston 
1954
18th Golf Masters Championship: Sam Snead wins, shooting a 289 
1954
8th NBA Championship: Min Lakers beat Syracuse Nationals, 4 games to 3 
1954
Belgian Van Houtte government resigns 
1954
Bill Haley & Comets records "Rock Around Clock" 
1954
Joe Turner releases "Shake, Rattle & Roll" 
1955
1st game in KC, KC A's beat Detroit Tigers, 6-2 
1955
salk polio vaccine safe & effective; 4 billion dimes marched 
1956
Bandaranaike government forms in Ceylon 
1957
Jim Spalding set a 2088 pin nine-game bowling record 
1957
USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test 
1958
12th NBA Championship: St Louis Hawks beat Bost Celtics, 4 games to 2 
1958
Flemish Open air museum opens in Bokrijk 
1959
13th Tony Awards: J B & Redhead win 
1959
Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Babe Didrikson-Zaharias Golf Open 
1959
France Observator reports torture practice by French army in Algeria 
1960
Bert Haanstra wins Oscar for "Glass" 
1960
Bill Veeck & Chicago Comiskey Park debuts "Exploding Scoreboard" 
1961
3rd Grammy Awards: Theme From a Summer Place, Ray Charles wins 4 
1961
Douglas MacArthur declines offer to become baseball commissioner 
1961
Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin becomes 1st person to orbit Earth (Vostok 1) 
1962
San Mateo County withdraws from BART district (SF Bay area) 
1963
Beatles "From Me to You" is released in UK 
1963
Birmingham police use dogs & cattle prods on peaceful demonstrators 
1964
28th Golf Masters Championship: Arnold Palmer wins, shooting a 276 
1964
Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Baton Rouge Ladies' Golf Open Invitational 
1965
1st NL game at Houston's Astrodome (Phillies beat Astros 2-0) 
1966
1st B-52 bombing on North Vietnam 
1966
Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium opens; Pirates beat Braves 3-2 
1966
Rocker Jan Berry crashes his corvette into a parked truck 
1968
Nerve gas accident at Skull Valley, Utah. 
1969
Simon & Garfunkel releases "Boxer" 
1970
Yankees dedicate plaques to Mickey Mantle & Joe DiMaggio 
1973
France recognizes North Vietnam 
1973
Sudan adopts constitution 
1973
Swaziland suspends constitution 
1975
Linda Ronstadt releases "When Will I Be Loved" 
1975
Six Catholic civilians are killed in a Ulster Volunteer Force gun and grenade attack on Strand Bar in Belfast, North Ireland 
1976
India set 403 to win by WI They get them, 6 wkts 7 overs spare 
1979
Soyuz 33 returns to Earth 
1980
BCMA, Black Consciousness Movement of Azania, forms 
1980
Milwaukee beats Boston Red Sox, 18-1 (Cooper & Money hit grand slams) 
1980
US Olympic Committee endorses a boycott of the Moscow Olympic games 
1980
Samuel Doe takes control of Liberia in a coup d'etat, ending over 130 years of national democratic presidential succession. 
1980
Terry Fox begins his "Marathon of Hope" at St. John's, Newfoundland. 
1981
45th Golf Masters Championship: Tom Watson wins, shooting a 280 
1981
Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA American Defender/WRAL Golf Classic 
1981
Emmy News & Documentaries Award presentation 
1981
Maiden voyage Space Transit System-space shuttle Columbia launched 
1982
3 CBS employees shot to death in NYC parking lot 
1983
Harold Washington elected Chicago's 1st black mayor 
1983
USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR 
1985
16th Shuttle Mission (51D)-Discovery 4 launched-with Senator Jake Garn 
1986
20,000 mine workers protest closing of Hasselt Belgium mines 
1987
51st Golf Masters Championship: Larry Mize wins, shooting a 285 
1987
Ahmed Salah wins 2nd World Cup marathon (2:10:55) 
1987
Ayako Okamoto wins LPGA Kyocera Inamori Golf Classic 
1987
Texaco files for bankruptcy 
1988
Devils 4-2 over Islanders-Devils lead 3-2 in 1st round 
1988
Frank Robinson replaces Cal Ripkin as manager of Balt Orioles 
1988
Harvard U patents genetically engineered mouse (1st for animal life) 
1988
Sonny Bono elected mayor of Palm Springs Calif 
1989
3rd Soul Train Music Awards: Anita Baker, Bobby Brown win 
1989
Peter Ueberroth deal to purchase Eastern Airlines falls through 
1990
Greyhound Bus hires new drivers to replace strikers 
1990
James Brown moves to a work-release center after serving 15 months 
1990
1st meeting of East German democratically elected parliament, acknowledges responsibility for Nazi holocaust & asks for forgivenesss 
1991
2,500th episode of Entertainment Tonight airs 
1991
Nepalese Congress party wins general elections 
1991
US announces closing of 31 major US military bases 
1992
"Streetcar Named Desire" opens at Ethel Barrymore NYC for 137 perfs 
1992
2nd lowest NBA scoring game - Detroit Piston 72, NY Knicks 61 
1992
53rd PGA Seniors Golf Championship: Lee Trevino 
1992
56th Golf Masters Championship: Fred Couples wins, shooting a 275 
1992
Earthquake rocks Germany 
1992
Euro Disney opens in Marne-la-Vallee France 
1992
Lynn Gunther of California threatens to blow herself up in front of UN 
1992
Matt Young no-hits Cleveland, but loses 2-1 
1992
NY Mets lose 1st 3 home games for 1st time since 1962 
1992
Trump Shuttle becomes US Air Shuttle 
1994
Canter & Siegel post the first commercial mass Usenet spam. 
1998
62nd Golf Masters Championship: Mark O'Meara wins, shooting a 279 
1998
An earthquake in Slovenia, measuring 5.6 on the Richter scale occurs near the town of Bovec. 
1999
US President Bill Clinton is cited for contempt of court for giving "intentionally false statements" in a sexual harassment civil lawsuit. 
2002
Pedro Carmona becomes interim President of Venezuela during the military coup against Hugo Chávez. 
2002
Palestinian suicide bomber (female) kills 7 and injures 104 (among them 9 Arabs) at the Mahane Yehuda Market in Jerusalem. 
2009
U.S. Navy rescues captain Richard Phillips, killing three pirates and capturing a fourth. 
2009
President Mahmoud Abbas of the Palestinian National Authority makes a courtesy phone call to Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel, restarting the Palestinian-Israeli dialogue 
2009
73rd Golf Masters Championship: Ángel Cabrera wins, shooting a 276 
2010
A train derailed near Merano, Italy, after running into a landslide, causing nine deaths and injuring 28 people. 
2012
A ceasefire in the 2011-2012 Syrian uprising comes into effect 
2012
Bodleian, Oxford University and Vatican libraries announce over 1.5 million pages of ancient texts will be made available across the internet 
2012
Civilian rule in Mali is returned after Dioncounda Traore is sworn in as interim president 
2013
11 people are killed and 30 are injured in mosque attacks across Iraq 
2013
A man-made 32-foot and 60 tonne monument that is dates around 2000 BC is discovered in the Sea of Galilee 
2014
The new drug, ABT-450, with a 90-95% success rate for treating Hepatitis C, is announced 
2015
79th Golf Masters Championship: Jordan Spieth wins, shooting a 270  
2016
Investigators Visit Panama Papers Law Firm's Office 
2016
Tesla Recalls 2700 Model X SUVs for a Seat-Back Issue 
2016
Brazil Congressional committee recommends impeaching President Rousseff 
2016
Egyptians outraged at plan to transfer Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia 
2017
Dodge unveils one-seat 840-horsepower muscle car 
2017
Japanese, US navies plan joint show of force toward North Korea 
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