Today in History - Historical Events - April 1st

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Notable Historical Events on April 1st

1938Joe Louis KOs Harry Thomas in 5 for heavyweight boxing title

1990Wrestlemania VI, 67,678 in Toronto, Ultimate Warrior beats Hulk Hogan

1939US recognizes Franco government in Spain at end of Spanish civil war. Pope Pius XII congratulates Generalissimo Franco's victory in Spain

1936Charles "Lucky" Luciano" is arrested in Arkansas on a criminal warrant from New York

1983NY Isle Mike Bossy becomes 1st to score 60 goals in 3 cons seasons

1964John Lennon is reunited with his father Freddie after 17 years

1693Cotton Mather's four-day-old son dies, and witchcraft is blamed

1934Clyde Barrow kills two young highway patrolmen, H. D. Murphy and Edward Bryant Wheeler, at the intersection of Route 114 and Dove Road near Grapevine, Texas. Bonnie Parker's role in the murders was greatly exaggerated, but helped turn public perception against the gang for good

1857Herman Melville publishes The Confidence-Man.

1980Wayne Gretzky breaks Bobby Orr's record with 103rd assist

1924Hitler sentenced to 5 years labor but Gen Ludendorff acquitted

2011Alan Rickman's last performance in "Seminar" on Broadway

1930"Blue Angel" starring unknown Marlene Dietrich premieres in America

1976Stephen Wozniak & steven jobs found Apple Computer

1981CNN airs a videotape that shows that Tamara Rand predicted that Reagan is in danger from someone named Jack Humley (a hoax)

1918Henry Miller's Theater opens at 124 W 43rd St NYC

527Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne

1854Hard Times begins serialisation in Charles Dickens magazine, Household Words.

1836Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Cocos Islands

1724Jonathan Swift publishes Drapier's letters

April 1st Historical Events
Date Event
374
Comet 1P/374 E1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0884 AUs of Earth 
527
Byzantine Emperor Justin I names his nephew Justinian I as co-ruler and successor to the throne 
705
Greek pope John VII chosen as successor to John VI 
1064
Body of bishop Eleutherius of Blandain moved to Doornik 
1318
Berwick-upon-Tweed is captured by the Scottish from the English. 
1340
Niels Ebbesen kills Gerhard III of Holstein in his bedroom, ending the 1332-1340 interregnum in Denmark. 
1504
English guilds/corp goes under state control 
1572
Watergeuzen capture Brielle from the Spaniards, during the Eighty Years' War, gaining the first foothold on land for what would become the Dutch Republic. 
1581
Portugese Cortes subjects himself on Philip II 
1663
Gemert fines unwed motherhood (50 guilder penalty) 
1693
Cotton Mather's four-day-old son dies, and witchcraft is blamed 
1724
Henry Pelham becomes English minister of War 
1724
Jonathan Swift publishes Drapier's letters 
1748
Ruins of Pompeii found 
1776
Friedrich von Klinger's "Sturm und Drang" premieres in Leipzig 
1778
New Orleans businessman Oliver Pollock creates "$" symbol 
1789
US House of Representatives 1st full meeting, NYC, F Muhlenberg 1st speaker 
1792
Gronings feminist Etta Palm demands women's right to divorce 
1793
Volcano Unsen on Japan erupts killing about 53,000 
1803
French law rules the use of intention 
1826
Samuel Mory patents internal combustion engine 
1826
Samuel Morey is issued the first U.S. patent for an internal-combustion engine, which he calls a "Gas or Vapour Engine" 
1836
Charles Darwin aboard HMS Beagle reaches Cocos Islands 
1850
SF County government established 
1853
Cincinnati became 1st US city to pay fire fighters a regular salary 
1854
Hard Times begins serialisation in Charles Dickens magazine, Household Words. 
1857
Herman Melville publishes The Confidence-Man. 
1862
Shenandoah Valley campaign, Jackson's Battle of Woodstock, VA 
1863
1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect 
1865
-9] Battle at Blakely Alabama 
1865
Battle of 5 Forks Virginia, signalling end of Lee's army 
1866
US Congress rejects presidential veto giveing all equal rights in US 
1867
Blacks vote in municipal election in Tuscumbia, Alabama 
1867
International Exhibition opens in Paris 
1867
Singapore, Penang & Malakka become British crown colonies 
1868
Hampton Institute opens 
1872
1st edition of The Standard 
1873
British White Star steamship Atlantic sinks off Nova Scotia, 547 die 
1873
Mehmed Kemals play "Vatan" premeres in Constantinople 
1876
1st official NL baseball game (Boston-6, Phila-5) 
1881
Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem 
1881
Kingdom post office in Netherlands opens 
1888
Soccer team Sparta forms in Rotterdam 
1889
1st dishwashing machine marketed (Chicago) 
1891
London-Paris telephone connection opens 
1891
Painter Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti 
1891
The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois. 
1899
NC Mutual opens doors for business 
1900
1st edition of Dutch newspaper "The People" 
1905
British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya 
1905
SOS first adopted as a morse distress signal ( · · · — — — · · · ) by German government 
1910
Dumitru Dan (Romania) completes a 62,137 mile (100,000 m) walk 
1912
Greek athlete Konstantinos Tsiklitiras breaks the world record -in standing long jump jumping 3.47 metres. 
1914
UVS Soccer team forms in Lead 
1916
1st US national women's swiming championships held 
1918
Henry Miller's Theater opens at 124 W 43rd St NYC 
1918
United Kingdom: the Royal Air Force is created from the Royal Naval Air Service and the Royal Flying Corps. 
1920
The (Anglican) Church in Wales disestablished 
1920
Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) beat Seattle (PCHA), 3 games to 2 
1924
Crown takes over Northern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co 
1924
Hitler sentenced to 5 years labor but Gen Ludendorff acquitted 
1924
Imperial Airways forms in Britain 
1924
The Royal Canadian Air Force is formed. 
1925
1st transmission of Danish state radio 
1925
Hebrew University, Jerusalem dedicated [see May 9, 1925] 
1926
Halsteren Soccer team forms in Halsteren 
1927
1st automatic record changer introduced by His Master's Voice 
1928
Chiang Kai-shek's army crosses Yang-tse 
1929
Austrian government of Ignaz Seipel falls 
1929
Doorne's trailer factory in Einsdhoven Netherlands opens 
1929
Louie Marx introduces Yo-Yo 
1929
Luis Buñuel releases "Un Chien Andalou" 24-minute film 
1929
Morehouse College, Spellman College & Atlanta University affiliate 
1930
"Blue Angel" starring unknown Marlene Dietrich premieres in America 
1931
Earthquake devastate Managua Nicaragua, kills 2,000 
1931
Jackie Mitchell became 1st female in professional baseball 
1933
Hammond scores 336* v NZ at Auckland, 47 fours 10 sixes 
1933
Heinrich Himmler becomes Police Commander of Germany 
1933
Nazi Germany begins persecution of Jews by boycotting Jewish businesses 
1934
Bonnie & Clyde kill 2 police officers 
1934
Clyde Barrow kills two young highway patrolmen, H. D. Murphy and Edward Bryant Wheeler, at the intersection of Route 114 and Dove Road near Grapevine, Texas. Bonnie Parker's role in the murders was greatly exaggerated, but helped turn public perception against the gang for good 
1935
1st radio tube made of metal announced, Schenectady, NY 
1936
Orissa constituted a province of British India 
1936
Charles "Lucky" Luciano" is arrested in Arkansas on a criminal warrant from New York 
1937
Aden becomes a British crown colony 
1938
Joe Louis KOs Harry Thomas in 5 for heavyweight boxing title 
1939
US recognizes Franco government in Spain at end of Spanish civil war. Pope Pius XII congratulates Generalissimo Franco's victory in Spain 
1940
Filippino President Quezon officially authorizes the printing and publication of the grammar and dictionary prepared by the Institute of the National Language. 
1941
Lillian Hellman's "Watch on the Rhine" premieres in NYC 
1941
Navy takes over Treasure Island (SF Bay) 
1941
Nazis forbid Jews access to cafés 
1941
Pro-German Rashid Ali al-Ghailani grabs power in Iraq 
1941
The Blockade Runner Badge for German Kriegsmarine is instituted. 
1942
Allied air raid on harbor city Kupang Timor 
1942
Mexico changes from 3 time zones to 2 
1944
Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India 
1945
1st edition of Indonesia Merdeka publishes 
1945
Canadian troops free Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo & Eibergen 
1945
Ruhrgebied sealed off by US 1st & 9th army 
1945
Sons of Elburger Soccer team forms in Elburg 
1945
US forces invade Okinawa during WW II 
1946
400,000 US mine workers strike 
1946
Tsunamis generated by a quake in Aleutian Trench strike Hilo, Hawaii 
1946
Van Acker forms Belgian government (without CVP) 
1946
Weight Watchers forms 
1946
Formation of the Malayan Union. 
1947
1st Jewish immigrants to Israel disembark at Port of Eilat 
1948
H H H Johnson debut as a bowler for West Indies to win v England 10-96 
1948
Faroe Islands receive autonomy from Denmark. 
1952
Big Bang theory proposed in Physical Review by Alpher, Bethe & Gamow 
1952
US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site 
1953
J van Bale appointed governor of New Guinea 
1953
KXMC TV channel 13 in Minot, ND (CBS/ABC) begins broadcasting 
1953
Walcott Worrell & Weekes all make centuries in innings v India 
1954
1st Dutch motorway, Amsterdam-Utrecht, opens 
1954
1st US Army helicopter battalion forms, Fort Bragg, NC 
1954
Earthquake/tsunami ravage Aleutians, 200 killed 
1954
US Air Force Academy forms 
1954
WQED TV channel 13 in Pittsburgh, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1955
Armed military action taken against bureaucratic strike in Amsterdam 
1955
EOKA-bomb attacks against British government buildings in Cyprus 
1955
WTVT TV channel 13 in Tampa-St Petersburg, FL (CBS) 1st broadcast 
1956
10th Tony Awards: Diary of Anne Frank & Damn Yankees win 
1956
KPIC TV channel 4 in Roseburg, OR (CBS) begins broadcasting 
1956
Violent clashes in Algeria, kills at least 380 
1957
Trial begins in Budapest against participants october uprising 
1957
WYES TV channel 12 in New Orleans, LA (PBS) begins broadcasting 
1957
World's biggest glass oven used 
1958
KVIQ TV channel 6 in Eureka, CA (NBC/ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting 
1958
Marshal Nikolai Bulganin becomes director of Soviet State Bank 
1960
Census determines the resident population of the United States to be 179,245,000 
1960
2nd French atom bomb explodes (Sahara) 
1960
France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds, Algeria 
1960
Mabry Harper catches a 25 lb Walleye in Tennessee 
1960
U Nu elected premier of Burma 
1960
1st weather satellite launched (TIROS 1) 
1963
NY Mets purchase Duke Snider from the Dodgers for $40,000 
1963
NYC's newspapers resume publishing after a 114 day strike 
1963
Soap operas "General Hospital" & "Doctors" premier on TV 
1964
10°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in April 
1964
John Lennon is reunited with his father Freddie after 17 years 
1964
Robert Lowell's "Benito Cereno" premieres in NYC 
1965
South Africa worker's union leader Henry Fazzie sentenced to 10 years 
1965
Syncom 3, 1st geosynchronous communications satellite, passes from civilian to military control 
1966
1st world festival of black art (Dakar Senegal) 
1966
Loyalist led by Ian Paisley, a Protestant fundamentalist preacher, founded the Ulster Constitution Defence Committee to challenge the civil rights movement; it set up a paramilitary-style wing called the Ulster Protestant Volunteers 
1967
1st British ombudsman sir Edward Compton begins work 
1967
The United States Department of Transportation begins operation. 
1968
KEMO (now KOFY) TV channel 20 in San Francisco, CA (IND) 1st broadcast 
1969
Royal Canadian Mint formally forms as a Crown Corporation 
1969
Seattle Pilots trade minor league outfielder Lou Piniella to Royals 
1969
The Hawker Siddeley Harrier (vertical take-off fighter) enters service with the RAF. 
1970
Bud Selig becomes CEO of Milwaukee Brewers 
1970
John & Yoko release hoax they are having dual sex change operations 
1970
Milwaukee Brewers Baseball Club, headed by Bud Selig, purchases the Seattle Pilots for $10,800,000 Although negotiations were conducted over a period of months, it was not until March 13 when a federal bankruptcy referee declared the Pilots bankrupt 
1970
Pres Nixon signs bill limiting cigarette advertisements on 1/1/71 
1970
Serious riots continue in the Ballymurphy estate in Belfast between Catholic residents and the British Army 
1971
US/Canada ISIS 2 launched to study ionosphere 
1971
United Kingdom lifts all restrictions on gold ownership 
1972
30,000 attend Mar Y Sol rock concert, Vega Baja, Puerto Rico 
1972
Major league baseball players stages 1st collective strike 
1973
Betsy Cullen wins LPGA Alamo Ladies Golf Classic 
1973
Japan allows its citizens to own gold 
1973
John & Yoko form a new country with no laws or boundaries, called Nutopia, its national anthem is silence 
1973
OPEC increases price of petroleum by 5.7 percent 
1974
Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran 
1974
Pioneer Hall opens 
1974
Yourdon, Inc forms 
1974
In the England the Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties come into being. 
1975
Cambodia President Lon Nol flees for Red Khmer 
1976
Stephen Wozniak & steven jobs found Apple Computer 
1976
Conrail takes over operations from six bankrupt railroads in the northeastern U.S.. 
1976
Jovian-Plutonian gravitational effect is first reported by the astronomer Patrick Moore. 
1977
Attempt for Moslem state in Chad fails 
1977
NFL decides to experiment with a 7th official in some preseason games 
1978
Philippine College of Commerce becomes the Polytechnic University of the Philippines by presidential decree 
1979
Iran proclaimed an Islamic Republic following fall of Shah 
1979
Joanne Carner wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open 
1980
Baseball Players' Association votes to cancel 92 remaining exhibition games 
1980
Failed assassination attempt on Iraqi vice-premier Tariq Aziz 
1980
France performs nuclear test 
1980
Wayne Gretzky breaks Bobby Orr's record with 103rd assist 
1980
New York City's Transit Worker Union 100 begins a strike lasting 11 days. 
1981
CNN airs a videotape that shows that Tamara Rand predicted that Reagan is in danger from someone named Jack Humley (a hoax) 
1981
Daylight saving time is introduced in the USSR. 
1982
Anguilla (dependent territory of UK) adopts constitution 
1982
US formally transfers Canal Zone to Panama 
1983
Anti-nuclear demonstrators link arms in 14-mile human chain in England 
1983
NY Isle Mike Bossy becomes 1st to score 60 goals in 3 cons seasons 
1983
Iraq increases missile attacks on Iran 
1984
14th Easter Seal Telethon raises $24,600,000 
1984
3rd NCAA Womens Basketball Championship: Southern Cal beats Tenn 72-61 
1984
8 men record longest distance (13 miles) rowed in 24 hours 
1985
47th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Villanova beats Georgetown 84-75 
1986
Delhi beat Haryana by innings & 141 to win Ranji Trophy 
1986
US submarine Nathaniel Green runs aground in Irish Sea 
1986
World oil prices dip below $10 a barrel 
1989
1st NY Met-NY Yankee game in NYC since 1983, Yanks win 4-3 
1989
A Bartlett Giamatti replaces Ueberroth as 7th commissioner of baseball 
1990
"Ha!" comedy Channel on cable TV begins transmitting 
1990
19th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Betsy King 
1990
2nd Seniors Golf Tradition: Jack Nicklaus wins 
1990
9th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Stanford beats Auburn 88-81 
1990
CBS fires sportscaster Brent Mussburger 
1990
It becomes illegal in Salem Oregon to be within 2 feet of nude dancers 
1990
Jack Nicklaus wins 1st start on Senior PGA tour 
1990
Wrestlemania VI, 67,678 in Toronto, Ultimate Warrior beats Hulk Hogan 
1991
53rd NCAA Mens Basketball Championship: Duke Bluedevils beats Kansas 72-65 
1991
Dwight Gooden signs $5.15 million 3 year contract with NY Mets 
1991
Iran releases British hostage Roger Cooper after 5 years 
1991
US Supreme Court rules jurors cannot be barred from serving due to race 
1991
US minimum wage goes from $3.80 to $4.25 per hour 
1991
Warsaw Pact officially dissolves 
1992
5th Largest wrestling crowd (64,287-Toronto SkyDome) 
1992
Battleship USS Missouri, on which the Japanese surrender took place, decommissioned 
1992
Last defendant in St John sex assault case sentenced to 3 yrs probation 
1992
NFL decides to stay with 17 week schedule instead of expanded 18 games 
1992
NHL players begin 1st strike in 75-year history 
1992
Rocker Billy Idol fined $2,000 for hitting a woman 
1992
WA beat NSW by 44 runs to win the Sheffield Shield Final 
1992
World's 7 wealthiest nations agree on $24B aid for former USSR 
1993
Alan Bennett's "Madness of George III" premieres in London 
1994
Bob Feller Statue on Indians Plaza dedicated 
1995
Carlson Wagonlit Travel Agency begins charging $15 service fee 
1995
NY Islanders retire Bobby Nystrom's uniform #23 
1996
58th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Kentucky beats Syracuse 76-67 
1996
Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Boston MA on WBCN 104.1 FM (morn) 
1996
The Halifax Regional Municipality in Nova Scotia is created. 
1997
69 year old Gordie Howe begins playing AHL game with Syracuse Crunch 
1997
Comet Hale-Bopp Perihelion (0.914 AU) 
1997
Shell Oil confirms it will declare force majeure at its Nigerian Bonny terminal due to local protests which disrupted 210 million barrels per day of the company's oil production 
1998
World Ice Pairs Figure Skating Championship in Minn 
1999
Nunavut is established as a Canadian territory carved out of the eastern part of the Northwest Territories. 
2001
20th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: at St Louis 
2001
Same-sex marriage becomes legal in the Netherlands - first country in the world. 
2001
Former president of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Slobodan Milošević surrenders to police special forces, to be tried on charges of war crimes. 
2002
64th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: at Georgia Dome Atlanta 
2002
The Netherlands legalizes euthanasia, becoming the first nation in the world to do so. 
2004
Google introduces Gmail: the launch is met with scepticism on account of the launch date. 
2006
The Serious Organised Crime Agency, dubbed the 'British FBI', is created in the United Kingdom. 
2009
Croatia and Albania joined NATO 
2011
After protests against the burning of the Quran turned violent, a mob attacked a United Nations compound in Mazar-i-Sharif, Afghanistan and killed thirteen people, including eight foreign workers. 
2011
Alan Rickman's last performance in "Seminar" on Broadway 
2012
Plane crash in Western Siberia kills at least 31 people (UTair Aviation ATR-72) 
2012
32nd Golden Raspberry Awards: Jack and Jill wins 
2013
9 people are killed by a suicide bombing in Tikrit, Iraq 
2013
The world's first smelling TV screen is unveiled in Japan 
2014
NATO suspends all practical civilian and military cooperation with Russia 
2016
North Korea Jamming GPS Signals Across Border, South Korea Says 
2016
Tesla unveils $35000-Model 3 with range of 215 miles 
2016
Indian police file homicide case after overpass collapse kills 23 
2016
China's Xi urges implementation of UN resolutions on North Korea 
2016
Xi says China will defend its South China Sea sovereignty 
2016
Trump says he'd allow 'rich Muslims' to enter US 
2017
3 Arrested in Fire That Caused Atlanta Highway Collapse 
2017
12-year-old North Carolina girl picks perfect NCAA Final Four bracket 
2017
Rikers Island Could Be Closed And Replaced With Smaller Jails Around New York City 
2017
Twitter Drops Its Egg, The Unintended Avatar Of Harassment 
2017
Japan's Annual Antarctic Expedition Returns With 333 Whale Carcasses 
2017
Judge Approves $25 Million Settlement Of Trump University Lawsuit 
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