Today in History - Historical Events - 1946

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Notable Historical Events - 1946

19461st performance of Igor Stravinsky's "Ebony Concerto"

1946Speaking at a prayer meeting in New Delhi, Gandhi calls on the South African government to stop 'hooliganism' by Whites

1946Australia compile 645 v India at the Gabba (Bradman 187)

1946Nat King Cole records "The Christmas Song" for the first time

1946Bradman scores 106 for an Australian XI v the MCC

1946Dr Benjamin Spock's "Common Sense Book of Baby & Child Care" published

1946Pres Harry Truman officially proclaims end of WW II

1946Bradman scores 119 South Australia v Victoria, 183 mins, 8 fours

1946Charles "Lucky" Luciano is deported to Italy, and never returns to the United States

1946Menachem Begin's Zionist militant group Irgun bombs the King David Hotel, the then British administrative headquarters for Palestine

1946George Orwell publishes "Animal Farm" in the United Kingdom

1946Ted Williams is picked as AL MVP

1946Manuel Roxas was inaugurated as the last President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines

1946As a reward for his wartime cooperation, Governor Thomas E. Dewey commutes Charles "Lucky" Luciano's pandering sentence on condition that he does not resist deportation to Italy

1946War breaks out in Indochina as Ho Chi Minh attacks French in Hanoi

1946Cleve Lou Boudreau hits 4 doubles & HR but Red Sox win 11-10 on Ted Williams 3 HR with 8 RBIs

1946Pres Harry Truman creates Committee on Civil Rights by Exec Order #9808

1946Jackie Robinson debuts as 2nd baseman for the Montreal Royals

194675th British Golf Open: Sam Snead shoots a 290 at St Andrews

1946At Club 500 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis stage their first show as a comedy team.

1946Bradman & Barnes complete 405 run 5th wkt stand, score 234 ea

1946US President Harry Truman establishes Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)

1946Ted Williams is offered $500,000 to play in Mexican Baseball League, he refuses

1946German/Swiss novelist Hermann Hesse wins the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his inspired writings which, while growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style"

1946Jean-Paul Sartre's "La Putain Respecteuse" premieres in Paris

1946Pres Harry Truman ends wage/price freeze

1946Joe Louis KOs Tami Mauriello in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

1946Bradman scores 187 in 1st Test Cricket v England at the Gabba

1946UN accepts 6 Manhattan blocks as a gift from John D. Rockefeller Jr

1946Joachim von Ribbentrop & Hermann Goering sentenced to death by Nuremberg trial

1946Aaron Copland's 3rd Symphony premieres

1946Joe Louis KOs Billy Conn in 8 for heavyweight boxing title

1946Winston Churchill welcomed in Rotterdam

1946Hank Williams begins to record on Sterling label

1946Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech (Fulton Missouri) popularizes the term and draws attention to division of Europe

19461st TV sports/boxing spectacular-Joe Louis KOs Billy Conn

1946Ho Chi Minh elected president of North Vietnam

194628th PGA Championship: Ben Hogan at Portland GC Portland Ore

1946 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
ENIAC, US 1st computer finished by Mauchly/Eckert 
Jan 1
Emperor Hirohito of Japan announces he is not a god 
Jan 1
National Assembly proclaims Hungary a republic 
Jan 3
As a reward for his wartime cooperation, Governor Thomas E. Dewey commutes Charles "Lucky" Luciano's pandering sentence on condition that he does not resist deportation to Italy 
Jan 5
"Show Boat" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 417 performances 
Jan 6
Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Quemadmodum 
Jan 7
Cambodia becomes autonomous state inside French Union 
Jan 9
"Would-Be Gentleman" opens at Booth Theater NYC for 77 performances 
Jan 10
UN General Assembly meets for 1st time (London) 
Jan 10
US Army establishes 1st radar contact with Moon, Belmar, NJ 
Jan 11
Bert Bell becomes 2nd NFL commissioner, moves Chicago HQ to Phila 
Jan 11
Enver Hoxha declares People's Rep of Albania with himself dictator 
Jan 12
"Polonaise" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 113 performances 
Jan 12
Edouardo de Filippo's "Questi Fantasmi!," premieres in Rome 
Jan 12
NFL champs Cleveland Rams given permission to move to LA 
Jan 14
2 jetties collapse in Ganges-160 Hindu pilgrims are crushed 
Jan 17
United Nations Security Council holds its 1st meeting 
Jan 20
F Gouin follows De Gaulle as temporary leader of French government 
Jan 21
"Nellie Bly" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 16 performances 
Jan 22
US president sets up CIA, Central Intelligence Agency 
Jan 23
Rear Admiral Sidney W Souers, USNR, becomes 1st director of CIA 
Jan 25
Richard Strauss' "Metamorphosis," premieres in Zurich 
Jan 25
United Mine Workers union rejoins American Federation of Labor 
Jan 30
1st issue of Franklin Roosevelt dime 
Jan 31
Yugoslavia adopts new constitution, becomes a federal republic 
Feb 1
Republic of Hungary proclaimed, Zolt n Tildy as communist president 
Feb 1
Trygve Lie, a Norwegian socialist, becomes 1st Sec-Gen of UN 
Feb 2
"Nellie Bly" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 16 performances 
Feb 2
The Proclamation of Hungarian Republic is made. 
Feb 4
Garson Kanin's "Born Yesterday," premieres in NYC 
Feb 5
The Chondoist Chongu Party is founded in North Korea. 
Feb 6
"Lute Song" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 142 performances 
Feb 7
Filibuster in US Senate kills FEPC bill 
Feb 8
Béla Bartók's 3rd Concert for piano/orchestra premieres in Philadelphia, PA, US 
Feb 8
Premier Salazar of Portugal forbids opposition parties 
Feb 9
Dutch Labor Party (Dutch Social Democratic Party) forms 
Feb 10
Charles "Lucky" Luciano is deported to Italy, and never returns to the United States 
Feb 12
World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 121 of 154 captured U-boats. 
Feb 13
"Duchess Misbehaves" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 5 performances 
Feb 14
Bank of England nationalized 
Feb 15
Bank of England nationalized 
Feb 16
"Duchess Misbehaves" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 5 perfs 
Feb 16
1st commercially designed helicopter tested, Bridgeport Ct 
Feb 17
Humanistic Covenant forms in Amsterdam 
Feb 19
Giants outfielder Danny Gardella is 1st major leaguer to announce he is jumping to the "outlaw" Mexican League 
Feb 21
Anti-British demonstrations in Egypt 
Feb 24
Juan Peron elected President of Argentina 
Feb 26
2 killed & 10 wounded in race riot in Columbia Tenn 
Feb 27
4th "Road" film, "Road to Utopia" premieres (NYC) 
Mar 1
British government takes control of Bank of England, after 252 years 
Mar 1
Panama accepts its new constitution 
Mar 1
The Bank of England is nationalised. 
Mar 2
Dutch troops land on East Bali 
Mar 2
Ho Chi Minh elected president of North Vietnam 
Mar 2
Kingman Douglass, becomes deputy director of CIA 
Mar 3
US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill 
Mar 3
US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button 
Mar 5
Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech (Fulton Missouri) popularizes the term and draws attention to division of Europe 
Mar 5
Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc. 
Mar 6
France recognizes Vietnam statehood within Indo-Chinese federation 
Mar 7
"Three to Make Ready" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 323 perfs 
Mar 7
Max Frisch' "Santa Cruz" premieres in Zurich 
Mar 7
18th Academy Awards - "The Lost Weekend" Ray Milland & Joan Crawford win 
Mar 8
1st helicopter licensed for coml use (NYC) 
Mar 9
Dutch troops land at Batavia/Semarang 
Mar 9
Ted Williams is offered $500,000 to play in Mexican Baseball League, he refuses 
Mar 10
Train derailment kills 185 near Aracaju Brazil 
Mar 12
Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland 
Mar 14
Belgian government of Spaak forms 
Mar 15
British premier Attlee agrees with India's right to independence 
Mar 16
"Would-Be Gentleman" closes at Booth Theater NYC after 77 performances 
Mar 19
French Guyana, Guadeloupe, Martinique & Reunion become overseas "departments" of France 
Mar 19
Nicolai Schwernik succeeds Kalinin as president of USSR 
Mar 20
Belgian government of Spaak resigns 
Mar 21
Kenny Washington signs with Rams, 1st black NFLer since 1933 
Mar 21
UN set up temporary HQ at Hunter (now Lehman) College (Bronx) 
Mar 22
1st US rocket to leave the Earth's atmosphere (50 miles up) 
Mar 22
Britain signs treaty granting independence to Jordan 
Mar 23
8th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Oklahoma State beats NC 43-40 
Mar 25
1st performance of Igor Stravinsky's "Ebony Concerto" 
Mar 28
Cold War: The United States State Department releases the Acheson-Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power. 
Mar 29
1st Test Cricket between Australia & NZ 
Mar 29
Test Cricket debuts of Lindwall, Miller & Tallon 
Mar 30
"St Louis Woman" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 113 performances 
Mar 30
Australia beats NZ in cricket at 3 30pm on 2nd day 
Mar 30
Last Test Cricket appearance of Bill O'Reilly (5-14 & 3-19) 
Mar 31
Belgian government of Acker forms 
Mar 31
The first election is held in Greece after World War II. 
Apr 1
400,000 US mine workers strike 
Apr 1
Tsunamis generated by a quake in Aleutian Trench strike Hilo, Hawaii 
Apr 1
Van Acker forms Belgian government (without CVP) 
Apr 1
Weight Watchers forms 
Apr 1
Formation of the Malayan Union. 
Apr 3
Netherlands-German postal relations resume 
Apr 5
1st performance of Charles Ives' 3rd Symphony 
Apr 7
10th Golf Masters Championship: Herman Keiser wins, shooting a 282 
Apr 7
Part of East Prussia incorporated into Russian SFSR 
Apr 7
Syria's independence from France is officially recognised. 
Apr 8
League of Nations assembles for last time 
Apr 9
Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins, 4 games to 1 
Apr 10
1st election for Japanese Diet 
Apr 12
Syria gains independence from France 
Apr 13
Belgian premier Acker proclaims wage & price freeze over 
Apr 13
Eddie Klepp, a white pitcher signed by defending Negro League champ Cleveland Buckeyes, is barred from field in Birmingham Alabama 
Apr 14
"Day Before Spring" closes at National Theater NYC after 167 perfs 
Apr 14
Manager Mel Ott of Giants hits 511th & final HR 
Apr 16
1st US launch of captured V-2 rocket, White Sands, NM; 8 km alt 
Apr 16
NSB mayor of Rotterdam Neth, FE Muller sentence to 100 years in jail 
Apr 17
Syria declares independence from French administration 
Apr 18
"Call Me Mister" opens at National Theater NYC for 734 performances 
Apr 18
Jackie Robinson debuts as 2nd baseman for the Montreal Royals 
Apr 18
League of Nations dissolves (3 months after UN starts) 
Apr 18
Rome/Auerbach/Horwitt's musical "Call Me Mister" premieres in NYC 
Apr 18
US recognizes Tito's Yugoslavia government 
Apr 19
Yankees switch from 3rd base to 1st base dug out 
Apr 20
1st baseball broadcast in Chicago, Cards vs Cubs 
Apr 20
50th Boston Marathon won by Stylianos Kyriakides of Greece in 2:29:27 
Apr 21
Socialistic Einheitspartei Germany forms in East Germany 
Apr 22
SED, Sozialistic Einheitspartei Deutschlands, party forms 
Apr 23
Bkln Dodger Ed Head no-hits Boston Braves, 5-0 
Apr 24
11 players Tinker, Evers, Chance, Burkett, McCarthy, Waddell, Plank, Walsh, Chesbro, Griffith, & McGinnity are named to Hall of Fame 
Apr 25
"Exposition Flyer" rammed at Napierville Illinois, killing 48 
Apr 25
Christopher Fry's "Phoenix too Frequent" premieres in London 
Apr 27
1st radar installation aboard a coml ship installed 
Apr 29
28 former Jap leaders indicted in Tokyo as war criminals 
Apr 30
Cleve Indian Bob Feller's 2nd no-hitter beats NY Yankees, 1-0 
May 1
Field Marshal Montgomery appointed British supreme commander 
May 1
Mrs Emma Clarissa Clement named "American Mother of Year" 
May 1
Start of 3 year Pilbara strike of Indigenous Australians. 
May 1
The Paris Peace Conference concludes that the islands of the Dodecanese should be returned to Greece by Italy. 
May 2
Prisoners revolt at Alcatraz, 5 die 
May 2
The "Battle of Alcatraz" takes place, killing two guards and three inmates. 
May 3
International military tribunal in Tokyo begins 
May 4
5 die in a 2 day riot at Alcatraz prison in SF bay 
May 4
72nd Kentucky Derby: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:06.6 
May 4
Wash's Cecil Travis gets 6 straight hits before being stopped 
May 6
Pulitzer prize awarded to Arthur M Schlesinger (Age of Jackson)" 
May 7
William H Hastie inaugurated as 1st black governor of Virgin Islands 
May 7
Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering (later renamed Sony) is founded with around 20 employees. 
May 8
Red Sox Johnny Pesky scores 6 runs in 1 game 
May 8
The Estonian school girls Aili Jõgi and Ageeda Paavel blow up the Soviet memorial that preceded the Bronze Soldier in Tallinn. 
May 9
1st hour long entertainment TV show, "NBC's Hour Glass" premieres 
May 9
King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy abdicates, replaced by his son Umberto II 
May 10
Red Sox win 15th straight beat Yanks 5-4, DiMaggio hits Grand Slam 
May 11
1st night game at Boston Braves Field (Giants 5, Braves 1) 
May 11
72nd Preakness: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:01.4 
May 11
United Malays National Organisation is created. 
May 13
Sarwate & Banerjee add 249 for 10th wkt for Indians v Surrey 
May 13
US sentences 58 camp guards of Mauthausen concentration camp to death 
May 13
Winston Churchill welcomed in Rotterdam 
May 14
Paul Hindemith's "For Those We Love" premieres 
May 16
Musical "Annie Get Your Gun" starring Ethel Merman premieres in NYC 
May 17
KVP Labor/Communists win 1st post-WW2 Dutch parliamentary elections 
May 17
US President Harry Truman seizes control of nation's railroads to delay a strike 
May 19
Dutch Cooperation for Sexual Reform (NVSH) forms in Amsterdam 
May 20
Cubs Claude Passeau makes his 1st error since September 21, 1941, ending pitcher's fielding record of 273 consecutive errorless chances 
May 21
Physicist Louis Slotin is exposed to a lethal dose of radiation while preparing a plutonium core experiment at the Los Alamos lab, he dies 9 days later and the accident ends all hands-on nuclear assembly work at Los Alamos 
May 22
Yankees turn triple-play & defeat Tigers 5-3 
May 22
First US rocket (WAC Corporal) to reach edge of space fired from White Sands Missile Range New Mexico 
May 24
Bill Dickey replaces Joe McCarthy as Yankee manager 
May 25
Jordan gains independence from Britain (National Day); Abdullah ibn Hussein becomes king of Jordan 
May 26
2-for-42 & hitting .048 for 1946, Mel Ott stops playing baseball 
May 26
Darius Milhauds 3rd Concert for piano/orchestra premieres in Prague 
May 26
Klement Gottwald becomes premier of Czechoslovakia 
May 26
Patent filed in US for H-Bomb 
May 28
1st night game at Yankee stadium (Senators 2, Yanks 1) 
May 28
Manuel Roxas was inaugurated as the last President of the Commonwealth of the Philippines 
May 29
KVP wins Provincial National election in Netherlands 
May 30
Braves Bernard Malamud HR shatters Bulova clock in Ebbets Field 
May 30
United flight 521 crashes on takeoff at LaGuardia Airport (NY) 42 die 
May 30
Indianapolis 500: George Robson wins in 4:21:16.711 (184.785 km/h) 
Jun 1
78th Belmont: Warren Mehrtens aboard Assault wins in 2:30.8 
Jun 1
Spijkenisse soccer team forms in Spijkenisse 
Jun 1
Ion Antonescu, Romanian soldier and politician convicted of war crimes, is executed. 
Jun 2
Italian plebiscite chooses republic over monarchy (National Day) 
Jun 3
1st bikini bathing suit displayed (Paris) 
Jun 3
International Military Tribunal opens in Tokyo against 28 Japanese war criminals 
Jun 4
Largest solar prominence (300,000 mi/500,000 km) observed 
Jun 5
Fire at LaSalle Hotel cocktail lounge kills 61 (Chicago, Ill) 
Jun 6
11 Basketball of America Association teams meet to schedule 1st season 
Jun 6
Henry Morgan is 1st to take off shirt on TV 
Jun 6
Martin Kresses begins publishing "Eric the Viking" comic strip 
Jun 6
The Basketball Association of America is formed in New York City. 
Jun 7
Pirates players vote 20-16 to walkout rather than play the Giants 
Jun 7
US Supreme Court bans discrimination in interstate travel 
Jun 8
"Lute Song" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 142 performances 
Jun 8
Sukarno calls for anti colonial defiance in Indonesia 
Jun 9
19 guests at Canfield Hotel die in fire (Dubuque, Iowa) 
Jun 9
66,545 fans help Yanks break million attendance mark, the earliest 
Jun 9
Bhumibol Adulyadej, becomes king of Thailand 
Jun 9
Joe Louis KOs Billy Conn in 8 for heavyweight boxing title 
Jun 9
NY Giant Mel Ott is 1st mgr ejected from both games of a doubleheader 
Jun 10
Italian Republic established 
Jun 10
Rear Admiral Sidney W Souers, USNR, ends term as 1st director of CIA. Lieutenant General Hoyt S Vandenberg, USA, becomes 2nd director of CIA 
Jun 13
1st transcontinental round-trip flight in 1-day, California-Maryland 
Jun 13
King Umberto II of Italy abdicates 
Jun 14
Canadian Library Association established 
Jun 14
Nat King Cole records "The Christmas Song" for the first time 
Jun 16
"Annie Get Your Gun" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 1147 perfs 
Jun 16
46th US Golf Open: Lloyd Mangrum shoots a 284 at Canterbury GC Cleve 
Jun 17
SW Bell inaugurates mobile telephone commercial service, St Louis 
Jun 18
Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, a Socialist calls for a Direct Action Day against the Portuguese in Goa. A road is named after this date in Panjim. 
Jun 19
1st TV sports/boxing spectacular-Joe Louis KOs Billy Conn 
Jun 20
NYC transit begins using PA system - Car # 744 on 8th Ave IND line 
Jun 21
10 die in fire at Baker Hotel, Dallas Texas 
Jun 21
Bill Veeck buys Indians for $2.2 million 
Jun 21
Fed judge rules Seattle club doesn't have to play returning serviceman 
Jun 22
Alec Bedser takes 7-49 v India on 1st day of his 1st Test cricket 
Jun 22
Bill Veeck purchases Cleveland Indians 
Jun 22
Speaking at a prayer meeting in New Delhi, Gandhi calls on the South African government to stop 'hooliganism' by Whites 
Jun 23
In South Africa, a group of white men attack and assault Indian Passive Resisters 
Jun 24
11.72" (29.77 cm) of rainfall at Mellen Wisc (state 24-hr record) 
Jun 24
Georges Bidault elected premier of France 
Jun 26
Dutch Nazi collaborator Arnold Meijer sentenced to 5 years 
Jun 26
Fred Allen's last radio show, his guest is Jack Benny 
Jun 28
Enrico de Nicola becomes 1st pres of Italy 
Jun 28
Permanent radio play-by-play of Cleve Indians games begins 
Jun 29
"Are You with It?" closes at Century Theater NYC after 264 perfs 
Jun 29
"Billion Dollar Baby" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 219 perfs 
Jun 29
Black Sabbath-Brits arrest 2,700 Jews in Palestine as alleged terrorist 
Jun 29
British mandatory government of Palestine arrests 100 leaders of Yishnuv 
Jul 1
Rajah cedes Sarawak to British crown 
Jul 1
US drops atom bomb on Bikini atoll (4th atomic explosion) 
Jul 2
Dutch Beel government forms 
Jul 2
Harbor workers end strike at Rotterdam & Amsterdam 
Jul 3
1st Dutch government of Beel forms 
Jul 3
The Cape Passive Resistance Council is formed at a mass meeting in Cape Town, attended by 1,500 people 
Jul 4
Anti Jewish riots in Kielce Poland, 42 die 
Jul 4
Philippines gains independence from US 
Jul 4
President Manuel Roxas was inaugurated as the 5th President of the Philippines and the first president of the Third Republic at the Independence Grandstand in Manila 
Jul 5
Louis Reard's bikini swimsuit design debuts at Paris fashion show 
Jul 5
75th British Golf Open: Sam Snead shoots a 290 at St Andrews 
Jul 6
"St Louis Woman" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 113 perfs 
Jul 6
53rd Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Pauline Betz beats Louise Brough (6-2 6-4) 
Jul 6
60th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Yvon Petra beats G Brown (6-2 6-4 7-9 5-7 6-4) 
Jul 7
Mother Frances Xavier Cabrini canonized as 1st American saint 
Jul 8
"Tidbits of 1946" opens at Plymouth Theater NYC for 8 performances 
Jul 8
Baseball grants $5,000 minimum salary 
Jul 9
13th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 12-0 at Fenway Park, Boston 
Jul 10
Belgian government of Acker resigns 
Jul 11
Kingman Douglass ends term as deputy director of CIA 
Jul 12
Benjamin Britten's "Rape of Lucretia" premieres in Glyndebourne 
Jul 12
Vance Dinges hits only Phillie pinch hit inside-the-park HR 
Jul 13
"Tidbits of 1946" closes at Plymouth Theater NYC after 8 performances 
Jul 14
Dr Benjamin Spock's "Common Sense Book of Baby & Child Care" published 
Jul 14
Mass murder of Jews in Kielce, Poland 
Jul 14
Cleve Lou Boudreau hits 4 doubles & HR but Red Sox win 11-10 on Ted Williams 3 HR with 8 RBIs 
Jul 15
British North Borneo Co transfers rights to British crown 
Jul 16
Attempt made to recall Mayor Lapham (1st time in SF history) 
Jul 16
US court martials 46 SS to death (Battle of Bulge crimes) in Dachau 
Jul 21
Jesus T Pinerol becomes 1st native born Puerto Rican governor 
Jul 22
Estelle Bennett, rocker (Ronettes) 
Jul 22
Menachen Begin's opposition group surprise attack on King David hotel 
Jul 23
Menachem Begin's Zionist militant group Irgun bombs the King David Hotel, the then British administrative headquarters for Palestine 
Jul 24
9 Spokane baseball players (Western League) die in a bus crash 
Jul 24
US performs atmospheric nuclear Test at Bikini Island 
Jul 25
US detonates underwater A-bomb at Bikini (5th atomic explosion) 
Jul 25
At Club 500 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis stage their first show as a comedy team. 
Jul 26
President Harry Truman orders desegregation of all US forces 
Jul 26
Aloha Airlines began service from Honolulu International Airport 
Jul 27
Boston Red Sox Rudy York hits 2 grand slams in 1 game, gets 10 RBIs 
Jul 30
1st rocket attains 100 mi (167 km) altitude, White Sands, NM 
Aug 1
US President Harry Truman establishes Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) 
Aug 3
Belgian government of Huysmans forms 
Aug 4
An earthquake of magnitude 8.0 hits northern Dominican Republic. 100 are killed and 20,000 are left homeless. 
Aug 6
US officially submits to jurisdiction of World Court 
Aug 7
1st coin bearing portrait of Negro authorized 
Aug 8
India agrees to give Bhutan 32 sq miles 
Aug 8
Dreyfuss family, owners of Pittsburgh Pirates since 1900, sells club to Frank McKinney & John Galbreath for $25 million 
Aug 8
First flight of the Convair B-36. 
Aug 9
1st time all major-league baseball games (8) are played at night 
Aug 13
Britain diverts illegal immigrants bound for Palestine to Cyprus 
Aug 16
Direct Action Day - riots in Calcutta between Moslem and Hindus kill over 4,000 over demand for Pakistan separate state 
Aug 17
Arthur Honegger's 3rd Symphony "Liturgique" premieres 
Aug 17
George Orwell publishes "Animal Farm" in the United Kingdom 
Aug 18
Golf Writers Associaton of America forms 
Aug 22
Baseball approves a 168-game schedule, but later rescinds it 
Aug 22
Mikko Hietanen wins Oslo marathon (2:24:55) 
Aug 23
13th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 16, Los Angeles 0 (97,380) 
Aug 23
Ordinance No. 46 of the British Military Government constitutes the German Land (state) of Schleswig-Holstein. 
Aug 25
28th PGA Championship: Ben Hogan at Portland GC Portland Ore 
Sep 1
1st US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Patty Berg 
Sep 1
Greece votes for monarchy 
Sep 2
Johnny Neun replaces Bill Dickey as Yankee manager 
Sep 2
Nehru forms government in India 
Sep 5
"Yours Is My Heart" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 36 performances 
Sep 5
Joe Garagiola plays his 1st major league baseball game 
Sep 6
All-American Football Conference plays 1st game (Clev 44, Miami 0) 
Sep 6
Terence Rattigan's "The Winslow Boy" premieres in London 
Sep 8
60th US Women's Tennis: Pauline Betz beats Patricia Canning (11-9 6-3) 
Sep 8
66th US Men's Tennis: Jack Kramer beats Tom Brown Jr (9-7 6-3 6-0) 
Sep 8
Bill Kennedy of Rocky Mount (CPL) strikes out minors record 456 
Sep 8
Bulgaria ends monarchy 
Sep 8
Jack Kramer wins US Tennis Open 
Sep 8
SF 49ers play 1st AAFC game, lose to NY Yankees 21-7 
Sep 11
1st mobile long-distance car-to-car telephone conversation 
Sep 12
Court martial convicts Henry de Man to 20 years, in Brussels 
Sep 13
Boston Red Sox clinch AL pennant 
Sep 15
Dodgers beat Cubs 2-0 in 5 inns, games called because of gnats 
Sep 17
"Gypsy Lady," opens at Century Theater NYC for 79 performances 
Sep 17
"If the Shoe Fits," opens at Century Theater NYC for 20 performances 
Sep 18
Joe Louis KOs Tami Mauriello in 1 for heavyweight boxing title 
Sep 20
Churchill argues for a 'United States of Europe' 
Sep 20
The first Cannes Film Festival is held. 
Sep 21
Indians play their final game in League Park, ending a 55-year stay 
Sep 22
Evelyn Dick charged with butchering husband 
Sep 24
Yanks set season attendance record of 2,309,029 besting 1929 Cubs 
Sep 26
1st edition of Tintin (Kuifje), publishes until June 1993 
Sep 27
King George II of Greece returns from exile 
Sep 28
Greek king George II back in Athens 
Sep 29
"Adventures of Sam Spade" debuts on CBS Radio 
Sep 29
1st time NL pennant ends in a tie (Cards & Dodgers) 
Sep 29
Al Couture knockouts Ralph Walton in Lewiston Maine in 10 secs 
Sep 29
Los Angeles (previously Cleveland) Rams play 1st NFL game in LA 
Sep 29
NPS, Nationale Party Suriname, forms 
Sep 30
22 Nazi leaders found guilty of war crimes at Nuremberg 
Sep 30
Joachim von Ribbentrop & Hermann Goering sentenced to death by Nuremberg trial 
Oct 1
12 Nazi war criminals sentenced to death in Nuremberg 
Oct 1
1st NL playoffs, Dodgers vs Cards (St Louis wins 2 games to 0) 
Oct 1
Bob Feller 348th strikeout of season 
Oct 2
1st network soap opera-Faraway Hill-Dumont 
Oct 3
Cards beat Dodgers 8-4 at Ebbets Field to win NL playoffs 2-0 
Oct 5
"Yours Is My Heart" closes at Shubert Theater NYC after 36 perfs 
Oct 6
90°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in Oct 
Oct 6
US Pres Harry Truman questions Great Britain Jews about Palestine 
Oct 7
Charles Ives' 2nd string quartet premieres 
Oct 8
Kwo-less-shrew selects Gen Chiang Kai-shek as president of China 
Oct 8
Military plane crashes at Christian HBS, 24 die 
Oct 9
First electric blanket manufactured; sold for $39.50 
Oct 9
Eugene O'Neill's "The Iceman Cometh" premieres in NYC 
Oct 10
Max Frisch' "Die Chinesische Mauer" premieres in Zurich 
Oct 14
Netherland & Indonesia sign cease fire 
Oct 15
Smallest World Series share since 1918 (Cards $3,748, Red Sox $2,140) 
Oct 15
St Louis Cards beat Boston Red Sox, 4 games to 3 in 43rd World Series 
Oct 15
Enos Slaughter scores from 1st on a single in World Series 
Oct 16
10 Nazi leaders hanged as war criminals after Nuremberg trials 
Oct 18
Aaron Copland's 3rd Symphony premieres 
Oct 20
Frank Seno returns kickoff 105 yd, Chicago Cards vs NY Giants 
Oct 22
2 British ships sink near Albania 
Oct 23
UN General Assembly 2nd session convenes (1st NYC-Flushing Meadows) 
Oct 24
Netherlands & Indonesia sign cease fire 
Oct 24
A camera on board the V-2 No. 13 rocket takes the first photograph of earth from outer space. 
Oct 25
1st trial against nazi war criminals (Nuremberg) 
Oct 27
Georgi Domitrovs National Front wins Bulgaria elections (78%) 
Oct 28
German rocket engineers begin work in USSR 
Nov 1
Charles S Johnson becomes 1st black president of Fisk University 
Nov 1
Cleveland Indians owner Bill Veeck's right foot is amputated 
Nov 1
Marken soccer team forms 
Nov 1
NY Knicks 1st basketball game beat Toronto Huskies 68-66 
Nov 1
WABC becomes WCBS radio in NYC 
Nov 1
WEAF radio changes call letters to WNBC (NYC) 
Nov 1
West German state of Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony) created 
Nov 3
Emperor Hirohito proclaims new Japanese constitution 
Nov 4
"Park Avenue" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 72 performances 
Nov 4
UN Educational, Scientific, & Cultural Organization formed 
Nov 5
John F Kennedy (Democrat, Massachusetts) elected to US House of Representatives 
Nov 7
"Bal Negre" opens at Belasco Theater NYC for 54 performances 
Nov 8
Jean-Paul Sartre's "La Putain Respecteuse" premieres in Paris 
Nov 9
Pres Harry Truman ends wage/price freeze 
Nov 10
Communists win many seats at French parliamentary election 
Nov 11
NY Knicks' 1st game at Madison Sq Garden loses 78-68 to Chic Stags 
Nov 12
1st "autobank" (banking by car) forms (Chicago) 
Nov 12
Walt Disney's "Song Of South" released 
Nov 12
A branch of the Exchange National Bank in Chicago, Illinois opens the first ten drive-up teller windows. 
Nov 13
First artificial snow produced from a natural cloud, Mt Greylock, MA 
Nov 13
Bradman scores 106 for an Australian XI v the MCC 
Nov 14
Dutch Dakota flight to Schiphol crashes, kills 11 
Nov 15
House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) interrogates astronomer Harlow Shapley 
Nov 15
Ted Williams is picked as AL MVP 
Nov 19
Bradman scores 119 South Australia v Victoria, 183 mins, 8 fours 
Nov 20
Lillian Hellman's "Another Part of the Forest" premieres in NYC 
Nov 21
Georgi Dimitrov elected premier of Bulgaria 
Nov 21
Harry Truman becomes 1st US president to travel in a submerged sub 
Nov 23
"Gypsy Lady" closes at Century Theater NYC after 79 performances 
Nov 23
34th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Winn Blue Bombers, 28-6 
Nov 23
French Navy fire in Haiphong Vietnam, kills 6,000 
Nov 23
The Workers Party of South Korea is founded. 
Nov 27
English soccer team beats Netherlands, 8-2 
Nov 28
French government of Bidault resigns 
Nov 28
Dutch Nazi Anton Mussert to death sentenced 
Nov 29
Minister Drees begins emergency rule of old age facilities 
Nov 30
Bradman scores 187 in 1st Test Cricket v England at the Gabba 
Dec 1
Australia compile 645 v India at the Gabba (Bradman 187) 
Dec 3
12th Heisman Trophy Award: Glenn Davis, Army (HB) 
Dec 3
US government asks UN to order dictator Franco out of Spain 
Dec 5
Pres Harry Truman creates Committee on Civil Rights by Exec Order #9808 
Dec 7
Fire at Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta, kills 119 
Dec 8
Army rocket plane XS-1 makes 1st powered flight 
Dec 10
German/Swiss novelist Hermann Hesse wins the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his inspired writings which, while growing in boldness and penetration, exemplify the classical humanitarian ideals and high qualities of style" 
Dec 11
Hank Williams begins to record on Sterling label 
Dec 11
Spain suspended from UN 
Dec 11
UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) established (Nobel 1965) 
Dec 12
Ice plant collapses, shearing a tenement building & burying 38 
Dec 12
Tide detergent introduced 
Dec 12
UN accepts 6 Manhattan blocks as a gift from John D. Rockefeller Jr 
Dec 13
Leon Blum elected French premier 
Dec 14
"Three to Make Ready" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 323 perfs 
Dec 14
Togo made a trusteeship territory of UN 
Dec 14
UN General Assembly votes to establish UN HQs in NYC 
Dec 15
Chic Bears beat NY Giants 24-14 in NFL championship game 
Dec 15
Giants Filchock & Hapes suspended by NFL, didn't report bribe attempt 
Dec 17
Bradman & Barnes complete 405 run 5th wkt stand, score 234 ea 
Dec 17
US V-2 rocket reaches 183 km, White Sands Proving Grounds, NM 
Dec 18
TV's 1st network dramatic serial "Faraway Hill" ends 2 month run in US 
Dec 19
Noel Cowards musical "Pacific 1860" premieres in London 
Dec 19
War breaks out in Indochina as Ho Chi Minh attacks French in Hanoi 
Dec 20
Darius Milhaud's 2nd Symphony, premieres 
Dec 21
"If the Shoe Fits" closes at Century Theater NYC after 20 performances 
Dec 21
Earthquake in South Japan, kills 1,086 
Dec 21
Frank Capra's "It's a Wonderful Life" premieres 
Dec 21
Morton Gould's "Minstrel Show" premieres in Indianapolis 
Dec 22
"Bal Negre" closes at Belasco Theater NYC after 54 performances 
Dec 22
Cleveland Browns beat NY Yankees 14-9 in AAFC championship game 
Dec 23
Belgian Council of State forms 
Dec 23
Highest ridership in NYC subway history (8.8 million passengers) 
Dec 23
U of Tenn refuses to play Duquesne U, because they may use a black player in their basketball game 
Dec 24
4th French republic established 
Dec 24
US General MacNarney gives 800,000 "minor nazis" amnesty 
Dec 24
France's Fourth Republic is founded. 
Dec 25
Constitution accepted in Taiwan 
Dec 26
"Beggar's Holiday" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 111 performances 
Dec 26
"Toplitzky of Notre Dame" opens at Century Theater NYC for 60 perfs 
Dec 26
35th Davis Cup: USA beats Australia in Melbourne (5-0) 
Dec 26
Flamingo Hotel in Las Vegas opens (start of an era) 
Dec 31
French troops leave Lebanon 
Dec 31
Pres Harry Truman officially proclaims end of WW II 
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