Today in History - Historical Events - 1945

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Notable Historical Events - 1945

1945Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil, resigns.

1945Benito Mussolini flees from Salò to Milan

1945Italian partisans capture Benito Mussolini at Dongo (Lake Como),

1945Yalta agreement signed by FDR, Churchill & Stalin

1945Hank Greenberg's final day HR wins pennant for Tigers

1945Elvis Presley's 1st public appearance at the age of 10

19451st of the superstars returns from the WW II, Hank Greenberg homers

1945Tennessee Williams' "Glass Menagerie" premieres in NYC

1945In the United Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Auxiliary Transport Service as a driver.

1945Generals Eisenhower, Patton & Patch meet in Luneville

1945Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's Prime Minister after election defeat

194517th Academy Awards - "Going my Way", Bing Cosby & Ingrid Bergman win

1945De Paul wins NIT basketball championship, George Mikan scores 34

1945Bradman scores 112, his 1st post-War century, SA v Aust Services

1945Harry Truman sworn in as 33rd pres

1945Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup

1945Potsdam Conference ended, with Stalin, Truman & Churchill

1945Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories

1945Jackie Robinson signs Montreal Royal contract

1945Movie star Jimmy Stewart is promoted to full colonel, one of the few Americans to rise from private to colonel in four years

1945World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler's death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases.

1945FDR buried on grounds of Hyde Park home

1945Gen MacArthur named Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan

1945General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila

194527th PGA Championship: Byron Nelson at Morraine CC Dayton Ohio

1945British premier Winston Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg)

1945US soldiers led by Gen Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines

1945US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manilla

1945Abbott and Costello's film "The Naughty Nineties" released featuring longest version their "Who's on First" routine.

1945FDR announces success of Yalta Conference

1945Patton's 3rd Army makes contact with Hodge's 1st Army

1945Gen MacArthur lands in Japan

1945Following an 8-7 win over the Phils, Brooklyn manager Leo Durocher is arrested on a complaint by a fan that Durocher slugged him

1945Winston Churchill visits Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters

1945US President Harry Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada

1945Paul Brown agrees to coach the new American football expansion team in Cleveland, which would later be named the Cleveland Browns after their coach

1945Potsdam Conference (Truman, Stalin, Churchill) holds 1st meeting

1945Branch Rickey signs Jackie Robinson to a Montreal Royals

1945British Premier Winston Churchill visits France

1945Chinese civil war begins, Chiang Kai-Shek vs Mao Zedong

1945Roosevelt, Churchill & Stalin meet at Yalta in the Crimea to discuss the final phase of the war

1945Ella Fitzgerald & Delta Rhythm Boys record "It's Only a Paper Moon"

1945The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies.

1945Generals Eisenhower/Bradley/Patton attack at Remagen the Rhine

1945Golfer Byron Nelson records most tournament wins (18) in a season

1945World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.

1945Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented 4th term as US President

1945Gen George Marshall named special US envoy to China

1945President Harry Truman signs the UN Charter

1945Heavyweight champ Joe Louis is discharged from army

1945 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
France joins the UN 
Jan 1
German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels 
Jan 2
Allied air raid on Nuremberg 
Jan 2
Kentucky begins 130 home basketball game win streak, ends in 1955 
Jan 2
Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion 
Jan 3
Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab 
Jan 3
British Premier Winston Churchill visits France 
Jan 3
Cato-Meridian School, NY, installs germicidal lamps in every room 
Jan 3
Greek General Plastiras forms government 
Jan 3
John Patrick's "Hasty Heart," premieres in NYC 
Jan 3
US aircraft carriers attack Okinawa 
Jan 4
Germans execute resistance fighters in Amsterdam 
Jan 4
US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after Japanese kamikaze attack 
Jan 5
Pepe LePew debuts in Warner Bros cartoon "Odor-able Kitty" 
Jan 5
Surprise attack on Liese-Aktion-office on Marnix St, Amsterdam 
Jan 7
Lord Haw-Haw reports total German victory in the Ardennes 
Jan 7
The last surface engagement between Allies and Japanese in the Pacific campaign, World War II 
Jan 8
"Youth for Christ" organizes 
Jan 9
US soldiers led by Gen Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines 
Jan 10
LA Railway (with 5 streetcar lines) forced to close 
Jan 10
No one is elected to baseball's Hall of Fame 
Jan 12
German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge 
Jan 12
US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Jap ships in Battle of South China Sea 
Jan 12
The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe 
Jan 13
Prokofchev's 5th Symphony premieres in Moscow 
Jan 14
In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece) 
Jan 15
"Make Mine Manhattan" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 429 perfs 
Jan 15
Every Amsterdammer gets 3 kg of sugar beets 
Jan 15
Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp 
Jan 15
The Manhattan Project's G-5 Group, headed by Physicist's Donald Kerst and Seth Neddermeyer, take their first betatron pictures of a nuclear implosion at the Los Alamos Laboratory 
Jan 16
Scottish 52nd land division/1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg 
Jan 16
US 1st & 3rd army meet at Houffalise 
Jan 17
Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation 
Jan 17
Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work 
Jan 17
The devastated city of Warsaw is cleared of German resistance by the Russians and a Polish unit fighting with them 
Jan 17
Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by secret police in Hungary 
Jan 18
Warsaw freed by Soviet army 
Jan 20
Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented 4th term as US President 
Jan 20
The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany 
Jan 21
British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma 
Jan 22
Burma highway reopens 
Jan 22
Heavy US air raid on Okinawa 
Jan 23
Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, offers his resignation 
Jan 23
World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal. 
Jan 24
Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg 
Jan 25
Dan Topping, Del Webb & Larry MacPhail purchase NY Yanks for $2.8 mil 
Jan 25
Grand Rapids, Michigan becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water 
Jan 25
Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths 
Jan 25
NY Yankees sold by Ruppert estate to construction magnate Del Webb and partners Dan Topping and Larry MacPhail for $2.8 million 
Jan 25
West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma 
Jan 26
Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp 
Jan 27
Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands) 
Jan 27
Russia liberates Auschwitz & Birkenau Concentration Camp (Poland) 
Jan 27
S Romberg, H&D Fields' musical premieres in NYC 
Jan 27
Wally van Hall, "banker in defiance," arrested 
Jan 28
Dutch airplanes dump pamphlets on Java 
Jan 28
Gen "Vinegar Joe" Stillwell & truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China 
Jan 28
Swedish ships bring food to starving Netherlands 
Jan 30
"Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die 
Jan 31
US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath 
Jan 31
Russian troops reach the Oder River, less that 50 miles from Berlin 
Feb 1
US Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie 
Feb 2
Escape attempt at Mauthausen concentration camp 
Feb 3
Almost 1,000 Flying Fortresses drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin 
Feb 3
Walt Disney's "3 Caballeros" released 
Feb 4
Roosevelt, Churchill & Stalin meet at Yalta in the Crimea to discuss the final phase of the war 
Feb 5
Big Racket becomes fastest race horse at 69t.6 kph (440 yd/20.8 s) 
Feb 5
British premier Churchill arrives in Yalta, the Crimea 
Feb 5
US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manilla 
Feb 6
US 8th Air Force bombs Magdeburg/Chemnitz 
Feb 6
Russian Red Army crosses the river Oder 
Feb 7
General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila 
Feb 7
Harry Truman appoints Irwin C Mollison judge of US Customs Court 
Feb 7
US 76th/5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer 
Feb 8
Allied air attack on Goch/Kleef/Kalkar/Reichswald 
Feb 8
Paul Brown agrees to coach the new American football expansion team in Cleveland, which would later be named the Cleveland Browns after their coach 
Feb 9
-Feb 10] Germany destroys Ruhrdammen 
Feb 9
WAAF-corporal flies along the tail of a Spitfire 
Feb 9
The Battle of the Atlantic the HMS Venturer sinking U-Boat 864 off the coast of Norway. 
Feb 10
"Rum & Coca Cola" by Andrews Sisters hits #1 
Feb 11
1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, CA 
Feb 11
Yalta agreement signed by FDR, Churchill & Stalin 
Feb 12
SF selected for site of UN Conference 
Feb 13
Allied planes bomb Dresden Germany; 135,000 die 
Feb 13
Gerbrandy Dutch government refuses Dutch Jewish right to buy 
Feb 13
USSR captures Budapest, after 49-day battle with Germany; 159,000 die 
Feb 14
US 8th Air Force bombs Dresden 
Feb 14
Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN 
Feb 14
World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden. 
Feb 14
World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans. 
Feb 16
US forces land on Corregidor, complete conquest on March 3 
Feb 16
Venezuela declares war on Nazi Germany 
Feb 19
980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma 
Feb 19
Brotherhood Day-1st celebrated 
Feb 19
US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines 
Feb 21
Archbishop De Jong calls for help with war casualties 
Feb 21
British Army captures Goch 
Feb 21
US 10th Armour division overthrows Orscholz line 
Feb 22
Arab League forms (Cairo) 
Feb 22
British troops take Ramree Island, Burma 
Feb 22
Canadian 3rd Division occupies Moyland 
Feb 23
2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London 
Feb 23
Canadian troops occupy Kalkar 
Feb 23
Operation Grenade: Gen Simpsons 9th Army crosses Ruhr 
Feb 23
US Marines raise flag on Iwo Jima, famous photo & statue 
Feb 24
Egypt & Syria declares war on nazi-Germany 
Feb 24
Manila freed from Japanese 
Feb 24
Nazi occupiers begin state of siege 
Feb 24
Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree. 
Feb 25
US aircraft carriers attack Tokyo 
Feb 25
World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany. 
Feb 26
Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th US Air Force 
Feb 27
Battle of US 94 Infantry 
Mar 1
British 43rd Division under Gen Essame occupies Xanten 
Mar 1
Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi 
Mar 1
FDR announces success of Yalta Conference 
Mar 1
Fieldmarshal Kesselring succeeds von Rundstedt as commander 
Mar 1
US infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach 
Mar 2
8th Air Force bombs Dresden 
Mar 2
King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government 
Mar 3
Winston Churchill visits Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters 
Mar 3
RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511 
Mar 3
Roermond/Venlo Neth, freed 
Mar 3
US & Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor 
Mar 3
US 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall 
Mar 4
Finland declares war on nazi-Germany 
Mar 4
In the United Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Auxiliary Transport Service as a driver. 
Mar 5
Allies bombs The Hague, Netherlands 
Mar 5
Generals Eisenhower, Patton & Patch meet in Luneville 
Mar 5
US 7th Army Corps captures Cologne 
Mar 5
US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill 
Mar 5
World War II: The Battle of the Ruhr begins. 
Mar 6
117 SD-prisoners executed at Savage Farm 
Mar 6
Chinese 38th division occupies Lashio 
Mar 6
Erich Honnecker & Erich Hanke flee nazis 
Mar 6
Federico Garcia Lorca's "La Casa" premieres in Buenos Aires 
Mar 7
Attack on car of Netherlands SS Police Chief Hans Rauter by Dutch resistance, Rauter injured 
Mar 7
Cologne taken by allied armies 
Mar 7
US 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen Germany, crosses Rhine 
Mar 7
Yugoslavia government of Tito forms 
Mar 8
"Kiss Me Kate" opens in Britain 
Mar 8
53 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers 
Mar 8
International Women's Day is 1st observed 
Mar 8
Phyllis M Daley is 1st black nurse sworn-in as US Navy ensign 
Mar 9
334 US B-29 Superfortresses attack Tokyo with 120,000 fire bomb 
Mar 9
Japanese proclaim "independence" of Indo-China 
Mar 10
Germany blows-up Wessel Bridge on Rhine 
Mar 10
Japan declares Vietnam Independence 
Mar 10
Patton's 3rd Army makes contact with Hodge's 1st Army 
Mar 10
Tokyo in fire after night time B-29 bombing 
Mar 10
US troops lands on Mindanao 
Mar 10
US Army Air Force firebombs Tokyo, and the resulting firestorm kills more than 100,000 people, mostly civilians. 
Mar 11
1,000 allied bombers harass Essen, 4,662 ton bombs 
Mar 11
Flemish nazi collaborator Maria Huygens sentenced to death 
Mar 12
30 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers 
Mar 12
Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy 
Mar 12
NY is 1st to prohibit discrimination by race & creed in employment 
Mar 12
USSR returns Transylvania to Romania 
Mar 13
Queen Wilhelmina returns to Netherlands 
Mar 13
Sicherheitsdienst arrest Dutch resistance fighter Henry Werkman 
Mar 14
RAF bomb cuts railway link Hannover-Hamm 
Mar 15
17th Academy Awards - "Going my Way", Bing Cosby & Ingrid Bergman win 
Mar 15
Bert Shepard (1 legged WW II vet) tries out as a pitcher for Senators 
Mar 15
Billboard publishes its 1st album chart (King Cole Trio is #1) 
Mar 15
Catholic University of Nijmegen reopens 
Mar 15
Dodgers open spring training at Bear Mountain NY 
Mar 16
Allies secure Iwo Jima 
Mar 16
Würzburg, Germany is 90% destroyed, with 5,000 dead, in only 20 minutes by British bombers. 
Mar 17
Allied ships bomb North-Sumatra 
Mar 18
1,250 US bombers attacks Berlin 
Mar 18
Maurice "Rocket" Richard becomes the 1st NHLer to score 50 goals 
Mar 18
US Task Force 58 attacks targets on Kiushu 
Mar 19
800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan 
Mar 19
Adolf Hitler issues "Nero Decree" to destroy all German factories 
Mar 19
British 36th division conquers Mogok (ruby mine) 
Mar 19
US Task Force 58 attacks ships near Kobe/Kure 
Mar 20
US 70th Infantry division/7th Armour division attack Saar 
Mar 21
1st Japanese flying bombs (ochas) attack Okinawa 
Mar 21
During WW II Allied bombers begin 4-day raid over Germany 
Mar 21
Dutch Resistance fighter Hannie Schaft arrested by Nazi police 
Mar 22
Arab League forms with adoption of a charter in Cairo Egypt 
Mar 22
US 3rd Army crosses Rhine at Nierstein 
Mar 23
British 7th Black Watch crosses the Rhine 
Mar 23
Largest operation in Pacific War (WWII), 1,500 US Navy ships bomb Japanese island of Okinawa 
Mar 23
Premier Churchill visits Montgomery's headquarter in Straelen 
Mar 24
Generals Eisenhower, Montgomery & Bradley discuss advance in Germany 
Mar 24
Largest one-day airborne drop, 600 transports & 1300 gliders 
Mar 24
Operation Varsity: British, US & Canadian airborne landings east of the Rhine 
Mar 24
US minesweepers reach Kerama Retto, South coast of Okinawa 
Mar 25
US 1st army breaks out bridgehead near Remagen 
Mar 25
US 4th Armored div arrives at Hanau & Aschaffenburg 
Mar 25
US Northern Tractor Flotilla departs Ulithi to Okinawa 
Mar 26
British premier Winston Churchill looks over at the Rhine (near Ginsberg) 
Mar 26
De Paul wins NIT basketball championship, George Mikan scores 34 
Mar 26
Generals Eisenhower/Bradley/Patton attack at Remagen the Rhine 
Mar 26
Japanese resistance ends on Iwo Jima 
Mar 26
Kamikaze attack on US battle fleet near Kerama Retto 
Mar 26
US 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms 
Mar 26
Venray soccer team forms 
Mar 27
7th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Oklahoma State beats NYU 49-44 
Mar 27
British premier Churchill sails to eastern banks of Rhine 
Mar 27
DePaul beats Bowling Green for NIT title 
Mar 27
Ella Fitzgerald & Delta Rhythm Boys record "It's Only a Paper Moon" 
Mar 27
Gen Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken 
Mar 27
Iwo Jima occupied, after 22,000 Japanese & 6,000 Americans killed 
Mar 27
US 20th Army corps captures Wiesbaden 
Mar 27
World War II: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins. 
Mar 28
Last German V-1 (buzz bomb) attack on London 
Mar 29
World War II: Last day of V-1 flying bomb attacks on England. 
Mar 29
Movie star Jimmy Stewart is promoted to full colonel, one of the few Americans to rise from private to colonel in four years 
Mar 30
289 anti-fascists murdered by nazis in Rombergpark Dortmund 
Mar 30
USSR invades Austria 
Mar 30
World War II: a defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmitt Me 262A-1 to Americans. 
Mar 31
3rd Algerian division crosses the Rhine 
Mar 31
Sicherheitsdienst murders 10 political prisoners in Zutphen 
Mar 31
Tennessee Williams' "Glass Menagerie" premieres in NYC 
Mar 31
US artillery lands on Keise Shima/begins firing on Okinawa 
Apr 1
1st edition of Indonesia Merdeka publishes 
Apr 1
Canadian troops free Doetinchem, Enschede, Borculo & Eibergen 
Apr 1
Ruhrgebied sealed off by US 1st & 9th army 
Apr 1
Sons of Elburger Soccer team forms in Elburg 
Apr 1
US forces invade Okinawa during WW II 
Apr 2
1st US units reach east coast of Okinawa 
Apr 2
Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Brazil are established. 
Apr 3
Hengelo freed from Nazi control by Canadian army 
Apr 3
Nazis begin evacuation of camp Buchenwald 
Apr 3
US 1st army conquers Hofgeismar 
Apr 4
Hungary liberated from Nazi occupation (National Day) 
Apr 4
US forces liberated the Nazi death camp Ohrdruf in Germany 
Apr 4
US tanks/infantry conquer Bielefeld 
Apr 5
Almelo Netherlands freed 
Apr 5
Kuniaki Koiso resigns as PM of Japan; replaced by Kantaro Suzuki 
Apr 6
Coevorden freed from Nazis 
Apr 6
Japanese giant battleship Yamato heads to Okinawa 
Apr 6
Massive kamikaze attack on US battle fleet near Okinawa 
Apr 6
US marines explore Tsugen Shima near Okinawa 
Apr 7
1st & last assault of German Rammkommando on US bombers 
Apr 7
US B-17s bombs range at Luneburg 
Apr 7
US planes intercept Japanese fleet heading for Okinawa on a suicide superbattleship Yamato & four destroyers were sunk 
Apr 8
Nazi occupiers executed, Nazi general Christiansen flees Netherlands 
Apr 9
Battleship Admiral Scheer sunk by RAF bombing in Kiel 
Apr 9
Liberty ship at Bari Italy carrying aerial bombs explodes, kills 360 
Apr 9
NFL requires players to wear long stockings 
Apr 9
World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, East Prussia, ends. 
Apr 10
Allies liberate 1st Nazi concentration camp, Buchenwald (Czech) 
Apr 10
Canadian troops conquer Deventer 
Apr 10
General Blaskowitz becomes nazi leader of "Fort Holland" 
Apr 10
German troops attack Ijsselbrug 
Apr 10
NFL's Boston Yanks & Brooklyn Tigers merge 
Apr 10
US troops land on Tsugen Shima Okinawa 
Apr 10
William Schuman & Antony Tudors ballet premieres in NYC 
Apr 11
Allied troops liberate Basket-Compascuum 
Apr 11
SS burns & shoots 1,100 at Gardelegen 
Apr 11
US captures Tsugen Shima 
Apr 11
US soldiers liberate Nazi concentration camp "Buchenwald" 
Apr 11
US troops conquers Mulheim, Oberhausen, Bochum, Unna, Essen 
Apr 12
Canadian troops liberate Nazi concentration camp Westerbork, Netherlands 
Apr 12
Harry Truman sworn in as 33rd pres 
Apr 12
Richard Strauss completes his "Metamorphosis" 
Apr 13
Canadian army liberates Teuge & Assen Neth from Nazis 
Apr 13
Red Army occupies Vienna 
Apr 13
US Marines conquer Minna Shima off Okinawa 
Apr 14
American planes bomb Tokyo & damage the Imperial Palace 
Apr 14
Arnhem/Zwolle freed from Nazis 
Apr 14
WWII: US 7th Army & allies forces capture Nuremberg & Stuttgart in Germany 
Apr 14
US forces conquered Motobu peninsula on Okinawa 
Apr 14
US marines attack Yae Take on Okinawa 
Apr 15
British Army liberates Nazi concentration camp Bergen-Belsen 
Apr 15
FDR buried on grounds of Hyde Park home 
Apr 15
Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Communium interpretes dolorum 
Apr 15
US troops occupy concentration camp Colditz 
Apr 16
German troops in Groningen surrender 
Apr 16
Red Army begins Battle of Berlin 
Apr 16
US troops enter Nuremberg, Germany, during WW II 
Apr 16
US troops land on He Shima, Okinawa 
Apr 16
Colditz Castle, the high-security prisoner of war camp in Germany, is liberated by American troops. 
Apr 17
8th Air Force bombs Dresden 
Apr 17
German occupiers flood Wieringermeer Neth 
Apr 17
Benito Mussolini flees from Salò to Milan 
Apr 17
US troops lands in Mindanao 
Apr 18
1 armed outfielder, St L Brown Pete Gray, 1st game he goes 1 for 4 
Apr 18
Epe freed (by corporal G van Aken) 
Apr 18
Clandestine Radio 1212, after broadcasting pro-nazi propoganda for months used their influence to trap 350,000 German army group B troops 
Apr 18
Diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Bolivia are established. 
Apr 19
49th Boston Marathon won by John A Kelley of Mass in 2:30:40.2 
Apr 19
Rodgers & Hammerstein musical "Carousel" opens on Broadway 
Apr 19
US aircraft carrier Franklin heavy damaged in Japanese air raid 
Apr 19
US offensive against Shuri-barrier on Okinawa 
Apr 19
The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala are established. 
Apr 20
Cleveland Browns organization formed by Arthur "Mickey" McBride 
Apr 20
German occupiers flood Beemster & Fencer 
Apr 20
Soviet troops enter Berlin 
Apr 20
US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg 
Apr 20
US forces conquer Motobu peninsula on Okinawa 
Apr 21
Allied troops occupy German nuclear laboratory 
Apr 21
He Shima Okinawa conquered in 5 days, 5,000 die 
Apr 21
Ivor Novello's "Perchance to Dream" premieres in London 
Apr 21
Russian army arrives at outskirts of Berlin 
Apr 21
US 7th Army reaches Nuremberg 
Apr 22
Concentration Camp at Sachsenhausen liberated 
Apr 22
Stanley Cup: Toronto Maple Leafs beat Detroit Red Wings, 4 games to 3 
Apr 23
Concentration camp Flossenburg liberated 
Apr 23
US troops in Italy cross river Po 
Apr 24
Albert B "Happy" Chandler is named 2nd baseball commissioner 
Apr 24
Delegates of 46 countries gather in SF (to discuss UN) 
Apr 25
45 countries convene UN Conference on Intl Organization in SF 
Apr 25
Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java 
Apr 25
British troops reach Grebbe line Neth 
Apr 25
Clandestine Radio 1212, used to hoax Nazi Germany's final transmission 
Apr 25
Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany 
Apr 25
Red army completely surrounds Berlin 
Apr 25
"Elbe Day" - US & Soviet forces meet at Torgau Germany on Elbe River during WWII invasion of Germany 
Apr 26
Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, leader of France's Vichy collaborationist regime during WW II, arrested for treason 
Apr 26
World War II: Battle of Bautzen - last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht. 
Apr 27
2nd Republic of Austria forms 
Apr 27
Italian partisans capture Benito Mussolini at Dongo (Lake Como), 
Apr 27
US 5th army enters Genua 
Apr 27
World War II: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceases publication. 
Apr 28
British commandos attack Elbe & occupies Lauenburg 
Apr 28
US 5th army reaches Swiss border 
Apr 29
1st food drop by RAF above Nazi-occupied Holland (operation Manna) 
Apr 29
Japanese army evacuates Rangoon 
Apr 29
Terms of surrender of German armies in Italy signed 
Apr 29
US liberates 31,601 in Nazi concentration camp in Dachau Germany 
Apr 29
Venice & Mestre were captured by the Allies 
Apr 30
"Arthur Godfrey Time" begins a 27 year run on CBS radio 
Apr 30
Concentration camp Munchen-Allag freed 
Apr 30
"Lord Haw-Haw" calls for crusade against the bolsheviks 
Apr 30
Red Army occupies Demmin 
Apr 30
Red Army opens attack on German Reichstag building in Berlin 
Apr 30
Russian Army frees Ravensbruck concentration camp 
Apr 30
US troops attack the Elbe 
May 1
About 1,000 citizens of Demmin in Germany, commit suicide provoked by occupation by Soviet Red Army 
May 1
Admiral Karl Doenitz forms German government 
May 1
Australian & Dutch troops lands on Tarakan 
May 1
General Belgian Labor Union (ABVV) party forms 
May 1
Radio Budapest, Hungary re-enters shortwave broadcasting after WW II 
May 1
Seys-Inquart flees to Flensburg 
May 1
Soviet army reaches Rostock 
May 2
Allies occupy Wismar 
May 2
Dutch Queen Wilhelmina & Princess Juliana reach Gilze-Rijen 
May 2
German Army in Italy surrenders 
May 2
WWII: Battle of Berlin end as Russian army takes Berlin; General Weidling surrenders 
May 2
Yugoslav troops occupy Trieste 
May 3
1st Polish armour brigade occupies Wilhelmshafen 
May 3
Allies arrests German nuclear physics Werner Heisenberg 
May 3
British troop join in Rangoon 
May 3
WWII: German ship "Cap Arcona" laden with prisoners sunk by Royal Air Force in East Sea, 5,800 killed - one of largest maritime losses of life 
May 4
German troops in Netherlands, Denmark & Norway surrender 
May 5
Mauthausen Concentration camp liberated 
May 5
Netherlands & Denmark liberated from Nazi control 
May 5
Uprising against occupying SS troops in Prague 
May 5
Premier Gerbrandy on Radio Orange tells Dutch they are liberated 
May 5
World War II: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler's death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases. 
May 6
Gen J Blaskowitz surrenders German troops in Netherlands 
May 6
World War II: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops (first was on December 11, 1941). 
May 7
Branch Rickey announces formation of the US Negro Baseball League 
May 7
WWII: British troops enter Utrecht, Netherlands 
May 7
WWII: unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Rheims 
May 7
Mauthausen Concentration Camp liberated 
May 7
Princess Irene Brigade moves into the Hague Neth 
May 7
Pulitzer prize awarded to John Hersey (Bell for Adano) 
May 7
SS open fire on crowd in Amsterdam, killing 22 
May 8
Canadian troops move into Amsterdam 
May 8
Chinese counter attack at Tsjangte, supports by 14th air fleet 
May 8
German General Von Keitel formally surrenders to Marshal Zhukov and the Soviets in Berlin 
May 8
V-E Day; after Germany signs unconditional surrender it is announced WWII has ended in Europe 
May 9
Czechoslovakia liberated from Nazi occupation (Natl Day) 
May 9
Nazi propagandist Max Blokzijl arrested 
May 9
New balata ball used in baseball, 50% livilier 
May 9
Norwegian nazi collaborators Vidkun Quisling arrested 
May 9
Victory celebration at Red Square 
May 9
World War II: Partisans liberate Ljubljana. 
May 9
World War II: Hermann Göring is captured by the United States Army. 
May 9
World War II: The Soviet Union marks Victory Day. 
May 9
World War II: The Channel Islands are formally liberated by the British. 
May 10
Allies capture Rangoon from the Japanese 
May 10
Russian troops occupied Prague 
May 11
US marines conquer Awatsha Draw Okinawa 
May 13
US troops conquer Dakeshi Okinawa 
May 14
Kamikaze Zero strikes US aircraft carrier Enterprise 
May 14
US offensive on Okinawa, Sugar Loaf conquered 
May 14
Physician Joseph Hamilton injects misdiagnosed cancer patient Albert Stevens (CAL-1) with 131 kBq (3.55 µCi) of plutonium without his knowledge or informed consent. Stevens lived another 20 years, surviving the highest known accumulated radiation dose in any human 
May 15
World War II: The final skirmish in Europe is fought near Prevalje, Slovenia. 
May 16
Violent battles around Sugar Loaf/Half Moon, Okinawa 
May 17
2 US P-47 Thunderbolts bomb Kiushu 
May 18
Tigers & A's both have 7 straight games postponed due to rain 
May 19
Start of the 1st Victory Test Cricket between England & Aust Services 
May 20
Keith Miller scores 105 in the 1st Victory Test Cricket at Lord's 
May 21
Aust Services win 1st Victory Test Cricket at Lord's by 6 wickets 
May 21
Reichsfuehrer Heinrich Himmler of the Nazi SS captured 
May 22
6th US Marine division reaches suburbs of Naha Okinawa 
May 22
NSB-Fuhrer Rost van Tonningen makes failed suicide attempt 
May 23
British military police arrest Admiral Karl Doenitz 
May 23
German island of Helgoland in North Sea surrenders to British 
May 23
Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi leader & Gestapo leader, commits suicide in prison at 44 
May 23
Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) arrested at Danish boundary 
May 25
Arthur C Clark proposes relay satellites in geosynchronous orbit 
May 26
US drop fire bombs on Tokyo 
May 29
US 1st Marine division conquerors Shuri Castle, Okinawa 
Jun 1
WLB-AM in Minneapolis Minn changes call letters to KUOM 
Jun 4
6th US Marine division occupies Orokoe Peninsula Okinawa 
Jun 4
US, Russia, Britain & France agree to split occupied Germany 
Jun 5
Benjamin Britten's opera "Peter Grimes" premieres in London 
Jun 5
USA, UK, USSR, France declare supreme authority over Germany 
Jun 6
"Free People" premieres in Amsterdam 
Jun 9
"Gruesome Twosome" premieres in USA 
Jun 9
-10] Australian troops lands in Brunei Bay North-Borneo 
Jun 9
71st Kentucky Derby: Eddie Arcaro aboard Hoop Jr wins in 2:07 
Jun 9
Following an 8-7 win over the Phils, Brooklyn manager Leo Durocher is arrested on a complaint by a fan that Durocher slugged him 
Jun 10
US destroyer William D Porter ("Willie Dee") sunk by kamikaze 
Jun 12
US 7th Marine regiment conquer summit of Kunishi Ridge, Okinawa 
Jun 13
Heerjansdam soccer team forms 
Jun 13
Orokoe peninsula Okinawa captured, with 6,000 dead 
Jun 15
Dutch political party ANJV established in Concert building, Amsterdam 
Jun 16
71st Preakness: Wayne D Wright aboard Polynesian wins in 1:58.8 
Jun 16
Boo Ferriss loses to Yanks 3-2 after starting his career with 8 wins 
Jun 17
Day of Unity in West Germany (National Day) 
Jun 18
William Joyce (Lord Haw-Haw) charged with treason 
Jun 21
US defeat Japanese forces on Okinawa during WW II 
Jun 23
77th Belmont: Eddie Arcaro aboard Pavot wins in 2:30.2 
Jun 23
Last organized Japanese defiance broken (Tarakan) 
Jun 24
Schermerhorn government forms 
Jun 24
The Moscow Victory Parade takes place. 
Jun 25
Allied landing at Ternate Molukkas 
Jun 25
Imperial General Headquarters in Tokyo announce fall of Okinawa 
Jun 26
England win the second Victory test cricket at Bramall Lane by 41 runs 
Jun 26
UN Charter signed by 50 nations in SF 
Jun 27
Foundation 1940-45 established 
Jun 28
Polish Provisional government of National Unity set up by Soviets 
Jun 29
20.6 cm rainfall at Litchville North Dakota (state record) 
Jun 29
Ruthenia, formerly in Czechoslovakia, annexed by Soviet Union, becomes Ukrainian SSR 
Jun 30
17-day newspaper strike in NY begins 
Jul 1
1st of the superstars returns from the WW II, Hank Greenberg homers 
Jul 1
55th Postmaster General: Robert E Hannegan of Mo takes office 
Jul 1
Allies troop land on Balikpapan 
Jul 5
Labour Party wins British parliamentary election 
Jul 5
World War II: Liberation of the Philippines declared. 
Jul 6
Nicaragua becomes 1st nation to formally accept UN Charter 
Jul 6
US President Harry Truman signs executive order establishing Medal of Freedom 
Jul 6
Wash Senator Rick Ferrell catches a record 1,722 games 
Jul 6
Abbott and Costello's film "The Naughty Nineties" released featuring longest version their "Who's on First" routine. 
Jul 10
Adm Marc Mitscher named chief of US Navy staff 
Jul 12
Cubs stop Braves Tommy Holmes modern-day NL hitting streak at 37 games 
Jul 14
Battleship USS South Dakota is 1st US ship to bombard Japan 
Jul 15
27th PGA Championship: Byron Nelson at Morraine CC Dayton Ohio 
Jul 16
1st test detonation of an atomic bomb, Trinity Site, Alamogordo, New Mexico as part of the US Manhatten Project 
Jul 16
Australian Services win 3rd Victory Test Cricket by 4 wickets 
Jul 16
Cruiser Indianapolis leaves SF with atom bomb 
Jul 17
Potsdam Conference (Truman, Stalin, Churchill) holds 1st meeting 
Jul 19
USS Cod saves 51 sailors from Dutch sub in only sub-to-sub rescue 
Jul 21
Detroit Tigers & Phila A's play 24 inning 1-1 tie 
Jul 23
Marshal Henri Pétain, leader Vichy-regime, goes on trial 
Jul 24
US destroyer Underhill torpedoed West of Guam 
Jul 26
After Labour landslide in general election, Clement Attlee becomes British Prime Minister 
Jul 26
Declaration of Potsdam: US, Britain and China demand the Japanese surrender during WWII 
Jul 26
Japanese government disregards US ultimatum 
Jul 26
US cruiser Indianapolis reaches Tinian with atom bomb 
Jul 26
Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's Prime Minister after election defeat 
Jul 26
Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva depart Kirtland Army Air Field to transport the plutonium core for the Fat Man bomb (bombing of Nagasaki) to the island of Tinian where the bomb is assembled 
Jul 27
Cubs purchase pitcher Hank Borowy from NY Yankees 
Jul 27
US Communist Party forms 
Jul 28
Japanese premier Suzuki disregards US ultimatum to surrender 
Jul 28
US Army B-25 crashes into 79th floor of Empire State Bldg, 14 die 
Jul 28
US Senate ratifies UN charter 89-2 
Jul 28
Physicist Raemer Schreiber and Lieutenant Colonel Peer de Silva arrive on the Pacific island of Tinian with the plutonium core used to assemble the Fat Man bomb used in the bombing of Nagasaki on August 9 
Jul 29
After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed & sunk by a Japanese submarine 
Jul 30
Philippines Sea: US cruiser Indianapolis torpedoed/sinks, 880 die 
Jul 31
Pierre Laval, the fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria. 
Aug 1
Japanese city Toyama destroyed by B-29's 
Aug 1
Mel Ott is 1st in NL to hit 500th HR (joins Babe Ruth & Jimmy Foxx) 
Aug 1
SVBO soccer team forms in Barger-Oosterveld 
Aug 2
Potsdam Conference ended, with Stalin, Truman & Churchill 
Aug 4
Golfer Byron Nelson records most tournament wins (18) in a season 
Aug 4
Red Sox Tom McBride is 3rd to get 6 RBIs in an inning (4th) 
Aug 5
Atom Bomb dropped on Hiroshima (Aug 6th in Japan) 
Aug 6
Hiroshima Peace Day-atom bomb dropped on Hiroshima by "Enola Gay" 
Aug 6
Keith Miller scores 110 in the 4 Victory Test Cricket at Lord's 
Aug 8
England & Australian Services draw 4th Victory Test 
Aug 8
President Harry Truman signs the UN Charter 
Aug 8
US, USSR, Britain & France sign Treaty of London, set down procedures for Nuremberg trials 
Aug 8
USSR declares war against Japan in WW II 
Aug 8
USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea 
Aug 9
US drops 2nd atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki 
Aug 10
Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies provided status of Emperor Hirohito remained unchanged 
Aug 11
Allies refuse Japan's surrender offer to retain Emperor Hirohito 
Aug 14
V-J Day; Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone) 
Aug 15
A riot ensued in SF while the city was celebrating the end of WW II 
Aug 15
US wartime rationing of gasoline & fuel oil ends 
Aug 15
Chandler sells World Series radio rights for $150,000 to Gillette, Ford had been World Series sponsor since 1934, pay $100,000 annually 
Aug 15
World War II: Korean Liberation Day. 
Aug 15
Victory over Japan Day, the Japanese surrender and the end of WWII is announced in Japan (due to time zones 14th Aug in the Americas) 
Aug 16
Puyi, the last Chinese emperor and ruler of Manchukuo, was captured by Soviet troops. 
Aug 17
Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) declares independence from The Netherlands 
Aug 17
Koreas divided on 38th parallel with US occupying the southern area 
Aug 18
Scheduled demonstrations at Polo Grounds & Ebbets Field to end segregation in organized baseball are called off 
Aug 19
Phillies Jimmie Foxx, 37, pitches 1st 7 innings vs Reds & wins 
Aug 20
Dodgers Tommy Brown, 17, is youngest player to hit a HR 
Aug 20
Robert Hamilton wins PGA golf tournament 
Aug 20
Russian troops occupy Harbin & Mukden 
Aug 20
Tommy Brown, Bkln Dodger becomes youngest HR hitter (17) 
Aug 21
US President Harry Truman ends Lend-Lease program 
Aug 22
Bob Cristofani scores 110 for Aust Services at Old Trafford 
Aug 22
England defeat Aust Services by 6 wkts in 5th Victory Test Cricket 
Aug 22
Noel Coward's revue "Sigh no More" premieres in London 
Aug 22
Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup 
Aug 24
Cleveland ace Bob Feller returns from Navy & strike out 12 
Aug 25
Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine 
Aug 26
Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WW II 
Aug 27
US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender 
Aug 29
British liberate Hong Kong from Japan 
Aug 29
Gen MacArthur named Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan 
Aug 30
12th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Green Bay 19, All-Stars 7 (92,753) 
Aug 30
Dmitri Shostakovitch completes his 9th Symphony 
Aug 30
Gen MacArthur lands in Japan 
Aug 30
Hong Kong liberated from Japanese 
Aug 31
The Liberal Party of Australia is founded by Robert Menzies
Sep 1
Japan surrenders ending WW II (US date, 2nd September in Japan) 
Sep 1
Phillies Vince DiMaggio ties NL record with 4th grand slam of season 
Sep 2
59th US Womens Tennis: Sarah P Cooke beats Pauline Betz (3-6 8-6 6-4) 
Sep 2
Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independence from France (National Day) 
Sep 2
V-J Day; formal surrender of Japan aboard USS Missouri (WW II ends) 
Sep 3
65th US Men's Tennis: Sgt Frank A Parker beats Wm Talbert (14-12 6-1 6-2) 
Sep 3
Japanese forces in Philippines surrender to Allies 
Sep 4
Ruben Fine wins 4 simultaneous rapid chess games blindfolded 
Sep 4
US regains possession of Wake Island from Japan 
Sep 6
A's catcher George George punches ump Joe Rue gets suspended 
Sep 7
Japanese at Rioekioe-islands surrender 
Sep 7
Joe Kuhel hits inside-the-park HR, only HR hit by a Senator all season at Washington's Griffith Stadium 
Sep 8
US invades Japanese-held Korea 
Sep 8
Hideki Tojo, Japanese PM during most of WW II, attempts suicide rather than face war crimes tribunal attempt fails, later he is hanged 
Sep 9
Japanese in South Korea, Taiwan, China, Indochina surrender to Allies 
Sep 9
Jimmie Foxx hits his 534th & final HR 
Sep 9
Phila A's Dick Fowler no-hits St Louis Brown, 1-0 
Sep 9
1st "bug" in a computer program discovered by Grace Hopper, a moth was removed with tweasers from a relay & taped into the log 
Sep 10
KLS-AM in Oakland Ca changes call letters to KWBR (now KDIA) 
Sep 10
Vidkun Quisling sentenced to death for collaborating with Nazis 
Sep 10
Mike the Headless Chicken is decapitated in Fruita, Colorado; he survives for another 18 months before choking to death. 
Sep 11
Physician Willem J Kolff performs the first successful kidney dialysis using his artificial kidney machine, the Netherlands 
Sep 15
A hurricane in southern Florida and the Bahamas destroys 366 planes and 25 blimps at NAS Richmond. 
Sep 16
Barometric pressure at 856 mb (25.55") off Okinawa (record low) 
Sep 18
1000 whites walk out of Gary Ind schools to protest integration 
Sep 19
Kim Il Sung arrives in harbor of Wonsan, Korea 
Sep 19
Lord Haw Haw (William Joyce) sentenced to death in London 
Sep 20
German rocket engineers begin work in US 
Sep 26
All old Dutch banknotes declared invalid 
Sep 28
"Mildred Price" starring Joan Crawford opens at Strand 
Sep 28
Canadian football's Calgary Bronks changes its name to Stampeders 
Sep 28
Robert T Duncan appears as Tonio in "I Pagliacci" 
Sep 29
Cubs clinch NL pennant 
Sep 30
Hank Greenberg's final day HR wins pennant for Tigers 
Sep 30
Bourne End rail crash, Hertfordshire, England killed 43 
Oct 1
Heavyweight champ Joe Louis is discharged from army 
Oct 1
US Office of Strategic Services (OSS), precursor to the CIA, disbands 
Oct 3
Elvis Presley's 1st public appearance at the age of 10 
Oct 3
Tigers & Cubs meet in World Series for 4th time 
Oct 3
World Federation of Trade Unions forms; CIO a member 
Oct 5
"Meet the Press" premieres on radio 
Oct 5
Indonesian army forms 
Oct 5
Queen Wilhelmina visits Rotterdam 
Oct 5
Hollywood Black Friday: A six month strike by Hollywood set decorators turns into a bloody riot at the gates of Warner Brothers' studios. 
Oct 6
Gen Eisenhower welcomed in Hague (on Hitler's train) 
Oct 6
Memorial for executed unveiled in Terbregge 
Oct 6
Tavern owner "Billy Goat" Sianis buys seat for his goat for Game 4 of World Series & is escorted out, he casts goat curse on Cubs 
Oct 7
Dutch author A M de Jong's murderer Ton van Gog escapes 
Oct 8
US President Harry Truman announced atomic bomb secret shared with Britain and Canada 
Oct 9
British troops occupy Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal 
Oct 10
Detroit Tigers beat Chicago Cubs, 4 games to 3 in 42nd World Series 
Oct 11
Chinese civil war begins, Chiang Kai-Shek vs Mao Zedong 
Oct 11
JPL WAC Corporal Launch (1st Man-Made Object to escape Atmosphere) 
Oct 14
Chicago Cardinals end a record 29-game losing streak, beat Bears 
Oct 15
Baseball Attendance hits record 10.28 million (Tigers 1.28 is highest) 
Oct 16
UN's Food & Agriculture Organization comes into existence 
Oct 17
Loyalty Day in Argentina, mass demonstrations held to release Juan Perón 
Oct 18
Nazi war crime trial opens in Nuremberg 
Oct 18
Paul Robeson wins Spingarn Medal for singing & acting achievements 
Oct 20
Supreme Court Justice Geoffrey Lawrence opens trial ofNuremberg 
Oct 21
Women in France allowed to vote for 1st time 
Oct 23
Jackie Robinson signs Montreal Royal contract 
Oct 24
Charter of United Nations comes into effect 
Oct 24
France (PC/PS/MRP win parliamentary election (25/24/23%) 
Oct 25
Japanese surrender Taiwan to Gen Chiang Kai-shek 
Oct 27
"Carib Song" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 36 performances 
Oct 27
1st edition of Elseviers Weekly newspaper (Elseviers Magazine) 
Oct 29
First ball point pen goes on sale, 57 years after it is patented 
Oct 29
Happy Chandler resigns as US Senator, remains as baseball commish 
Oct 29
Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil, resigns. 
Oct 30
Branch Rickey signs Jackie Robinson to a Montreal Royals 
Oct 30
US government announces end of shoe rationing 
Nov 1
First issue of Ebony magazine published by John H Johnson 
Nov 3
Lindsay Hassett scores 187 & 124* for Aust Services at Delhi 
Nov 5
Colombia joins the United Nations. 
Nov 6
House Committee on Un-American Activities begins investigation of 7 radio commentators 
Nov 6
The first landing of a jet on a carrier takes place on USS Wake Island when an FR-1 Fireball touches down 
Nov 8
"Girl from Nantucket" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 12 performances 
Nov 8
Riverboat sinks off Hong Kong; kills 1,550 
Nov 10
"Are You with It?" opens at Century Theater NYC for 264 performances 
Nov 10
College football's #1 Army beats #2 Notre Dame 48-0 
Nov 10
General Enver Hoxha becomes leader of Albania 
Nov 10
Heavy battle in Surabaya between Indonesian nationalists and returning colonialists after World War II, celebrated as Heroes' Day (Hari Pahlawan). 
Nov 12
Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Cordell Hull (establishing UN) 
Nov 13
Australian Services draw 1st Victory Test against India 
Nov 14
H Lindsay & R Crouse's "State of the Union" premieres in NYC 
Nov 14
Java: Sutan Sjahrir appointed as forming government 
Nov 15
The rules are revised for election of modern players to the Hall of Fame 
Nov 16
Yeshiva College (Univesity), chartered in NY, 1st US Jewish College 
Nov 16
UNESCO is founded. 
Nov 16
Two new elements discovered by Glenn Seaborg, James, Morgan and Albert Ghiorso were are announced: americium (atomic number 95) and curium (atomic number 96) 
Nov 17
"Girl from Nantucket" closes at Adelphi Theater NYC after 12 perfs 
Nov 17
New world air speed record 606 mph (975 kph) set by HJ Wilson of RAF 
Nov 18
Arnold Schoenberg's Prelude for orchestra & mixed choir, premieres 
Nov 20
24 Nazi leaders put on trial at Nuremberg, Germany 
Nov 20
Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 9th Symphony under J Mravinski premieres 
Nov 20
Queen Wilhelmina opens parliament in Hague 
Nov 21
Benjamin Britten's 2nd String quartet in C premieres 
Nov 21
General Motors workers go on strike 
Nov 22
"Day before Spring" opens at National Theater NYC for 167 performances 
Nov 22
Jim Benton, Cleveland end, gains 303 yards (NFL record) 
Nov 23
Most US wartime rationing of foods, including meat & butter, ends 
Nov 26
During snow storm, school bus crashes, kills 15 (Washington) 
Nov 26
Charlie "Bird" Parker leads a record date for the Savoy label, marketed as the "greatest Jazz session ever" 
Nov 27
Gen George Marshall named special US envoy to China 
Nov 27
Trial against NSB-leader Mussert begins 
Nov 27
Dutch resistance fighter Hannie Schaft re-buried in presence of Queen Wilhelmina 
Nov 28
Australian Services draw second Victory Test Cricket v India at Calcutta 
Nov 29
Yugoslavian Socialist Republic proclaimed 
Nov 30
33rd CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats Winn Blue Bombers, 35-0 
Dec 1
CFL Grey Cup: Toronto beats Winnipeg 35-0 at Toronto 
Dec 4
11th Heisman Trophy Award: Doc Blanchard, Army (FB) 
Dec 4
Senate approves US participation in UN 
Dec 5
"Lost Squadron" crashes east of Florida (Bermuda Triangle) 
Dec 5
Special Council of Annulment affirms death sentence of Max Blokzijl 
Dec 7
Microwave oven patented 
Dec 10
Aust Services lose 3rd Victory Test Cricket to India by 6 wkts 
Dec 10
Preston Tucker reveals plan to produce the Torpedo, a new 150 MPH car 
Dec 11
Het Parool publishes 1st Captain Rob-strip 
Dec 12
Special Court of justice convicts Dutch Nazi leader Mussert to death 
Dec 14
Elmer Rice' "Dream Girl" premieres in NYC 
Dec 15
John J "Cardinal" O'Connor, ordained as a priest 
Dec 16
Cleveland Rams win NFL championship 
Dec 18
Uruguay joins UN 
Dec 19
Austrian Republic re-establishes 
Dec 19
Jean Giraudoux' "La Folle de Chaillot" premieres in Paris 
Dec 20
Rationing of auto tires ends in US 
Dec 21
"Billion Dollar Baby" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 219 performances 
Dec 21
Gould/Comden/Green's "Billion Dollar Baby" premieres in NYC 
Dec 22
Utrecht: Catholic People's party (KVP) established 
Dec 23
Frederick Astons "Cinderella" premieres in London 
Dec 23
Pope Pius XII encyclical Orientals omnes, about Rutheense church 
Dec 26
CFP franc and CFA franc are created. 
Dec 27
Arthur Laurent's "Home of the Brave" premieres in NYC 
Dec 27
International Monetary Fund formally established by 29 member countries 
Dec 27
The World Bank was created with the signing of an agreement by 28 nations. 
Dec 28
Congress officially recognizes "Pledge of Allegiance" 
Dec 31
Bradman scores 112, his 1st post-War century, SA v Aust Services 
Dec 31
Ratification of UN Charter completed 
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