Today in History - Historical Events - 1944

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Notable Historical Events - 1944

1944Franklin Roosevelt announces that he will run for a fourth term as President of the United States.

1944British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Italy

1944"Father of Medicare" Tommy Douglas becomes the 7th Premier of Saskatchewan

1944British premier Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica

1944Aaron Copland's "Appalachian Spring" premieres in Washinton DC

1944British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Stalin

1944The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosts a jazz concert for the first time. The performers were Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw, Roy Eldridge and Jack Teagarden.

194468th & last transport of Dutch Jews (including Anne Frank) leaves for Auschwitz concentration camp

1944FDR & Churchill meet in Canada at 2nd Quebec Conference

1944Rommel & von Rundstedt travel to Berchtesgaden

1944French General Charles de Gaulle arrives in Washington, DC

1944Tennessee Williams' play "Glass Menagerie," premieres in Chicago

1944Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet at Salzburg

1944Hitler begins attack on British/US "terror pilots"

1944"Laura", starring Gene Tierney, is released

1944Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt led by Germany army officer Claus Von Stauffenberg.

1944Anne Frank's last diary entry; 3 days later she is arrested

1944Hitler secretly meets with von Rundstedt in Marjival Soissons

1944General Charles de Gaulle lands at Courselles France

1944Ralph Bunche appointed 1st Negro official in US State Department

1944Hitler orders Paris to be destroyed [or 23rd]

1944British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US

1944Battle of Bastogne-US Gen Patton's 4th Pantzers repulse Germans

1944World War II: U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt announces the 6th War Loan Drive, aimed at selling $14 billion USD in war bonds to help pay for the war effort.

19445th Army enters & liberates Rome from Mussolini's Fascist armies

1944British premier Winston Churchill flies to France, meets Montgomery

1944Claus von Stauffenberg meets Hitler

1944Hitler routes 4 division of South France to Normandy

1944US General Patton lands in France

1944Stalin meets Polish/US priest S Orlemanski

1944Holocaust diarist Anne Frank was sent to Auschwitz

1944Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen

1944Bing Crosby records "Swinging on a Star" for Decca Records

1944US forces under Gen Douglas MacArthur return to Philippines

1944Gen Rommel, Speidel & von Stulpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler

1944FDR wins 4th term in office, defeating Thomas E Dewey (R)

1944Thomas Mann becomes a US citizen

1944German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies

1944American movie star Jimmy Stewart flies his 12th combat mission, leading the 2nd Bomb Wing in an attack on Berlin

1944US President FDR nominated for an unprecedented 4th term at Dem convention

1944US President Franklin Roosevelt signs "GI Bill of Rights" (Servicemen's Readjustment Act)

1944Gandhi freed from prison

1944Field Marshal Günther von Kluge warns Hitler of impending collapse of front in Normandy

1944The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes over the power in Hungary.

1944Field Marshal Erwin Rommel ordered to return to Berlin

1944Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by German Security Police (Grüne Polizei) following a tip-off from an informer who was never identified

1944British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow

1944"Gaslight", starring an 18-year-old Angela Lansbury in her film debut, is released

1944 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
1st feature-length foreign movie, African Journey, shown on TV, NYC 
Jan 1
Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa 
Jan 1
Gen Clark replaces Gen Patton as commander of 7th Army 
Jan 2
1st use of helicopters during warfare (British Atlantic patrol) 
Jan 3
World War II: Top Ace Major Greg "Pappy" Boyington is shot down in his Corsair by Captain Masajiro Kawato flying a Zero. 
Jan 4
Ralph Bunche appointed 1st Negro official in US State Department 
Jan 5
The Daily Mail becomes the first transoceanic newspaper. 
Jan 7
US Air Force announces production of 1st US jet fighter, the Bell P-59 
Jan 10
1st mobile electric power plant delivered, Phila 
Jan 10
British troops conquer Maungdaw, Burma 
Jan 11
Crakow-Plaszow Concentration Camp established 
Jan 12
Churchill & de Gaulle begin a 2-day wartime conference in Marrakesh 
Jan 12
Failed resistance raid on distribution office of Borgerstraat Amsterd 
Jan 14
Soviet army begins offensive at Oranienbaum/Wolchow 
Jan 15
European Advisory Commission decides to divide Germany 
Jan 15
General Eisenhower arrives in England 
Jan 15
Vught Concentration Camp puts 74 women in 1 cell, 10 die 
Jan 16
Gen Eisenhower took command of Allied Invasion Force in London 
Jan 17
Korvet Violet sinks U-641 in Atlantic Ocean 
Jan 18
1st Chinese naturalized US citizen since repeal of exclusion acts 
Jan 18
The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City hosts a jazz concert for the first time. The performers were Louis Armstrong, Benny Goodman, Lionel Hampton, Artie Shaw, Roy Eldridge and Jack Teagarden. 
Jan 20
RAF drops 2300 ton bombs on Berlin 
Jan 21
447 German bombers attack London 
Jan 21
649 British bombers attack Magdeburg 
Jan 22
During World War II, Allied forces begin landing at Anzio Italy 
Jan 23
Arnold Schoenberg's "Ode to Napoleon," premieres in NYC 
Jan 23
Det Red Wings score 15 goals against NY Rangers & NHL record 37 points, also most consecutive goals & most lopsided game 15-0 
Jan 24
Allied troops occupy Nettuno Italy 
Jan 27
Leningrad liberated from Germany in 880 days with 600,000 killed 
Jan 27
Casey Stengel, manager of the Boston Braves since 1938, resigns Lou Perini, Guido Rugo, & Joseph Maney buy control of Boston Braves 
Jan 28
683 British bombers attack Berlin 
Jan 28
Leonard Bernstein's "Jeremiah," premieres in Pittsburgh 
Jan 28
U-271 & U-571 sunk off Ireland 
Jan 29
285 German bombers attack London 
Jan 29
USS Missouri, the last battleship commissioned by the US Navy, is launched. 
Jan 29
World War II: The Battle of Cisterna takes place in central Italy. 
Jan 29
World War II: About 38 men, women, and children die in the Koniuchy massacre in Poland. 
Jan 30
US invades Majuro, Marshall Islands 
Jan 30
World War II: United States troops land on Majuro. 
Jan 31
Operation-Overlord (D-Day) postponed until June 
Jan 31
U-592 sunk off Ireland 
Jan 31
US forces invade Kwajalein Atoll 
Feb 1
Supreme Soviet enlarges soviet republics' autonomy 
Feb 1
US 7th Infantry/4th Marine Division lands on Kwajalein/Roi/Namur 
Feb 2
4th US marine division conquerors Roi, Marshall Islands 
Feb 2
Allied troops 1st set foot on Japanese territory 
Feb 2
Baseball meets in NYC to discuss postwar action 
Feb 2
Edward Chodorov's "Decision," premieres in NYC 
Feb 3
World War II: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands. 
Feb 4
Jean Anouilh's "Antigone," premieres in Paris 
Feb 4
US 7th Infantry Division captures Kwajalein 
Feb 5
358 RAF bombers attack Stettin 
Feb 7
Bing Crosby records "Swinging on a Star" for Decca Records 
Feb 7
Germans launch counteroffensive at Anzio Italy 
Feb 8
1st black reporter accredited to White House, Harry McAlpin 
Feb 8
U-762 sunk off Ireland 
Feb 9
U-734/U-238 sunk off Ireland 
Feb 10
Belgian resistance fighter and author Kamiel van Baelen arrested 
Feb 10
U-666/U-545/U-283 sink off Ireland 
Feb 11
German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy 
Feb 11
U-424 sunk off Ireland 
Feb 12
Wendell Wilkie (R) enters presidential race 
Feb 14
Anti-Japanese revolt on Java 
Feb 14
Carl Wick publishes "Salmon Trolling for Commercial & Sport Fishing 
Feb 15
891 British bombers attack Berlin 
Feb 15
Attack begins at Monte Cassino monastery, Italy 
Feb 17
Battle of Eniwetok Atoll begins; US victory on Feb 22 
Feb 17
US begins night bombing of Truk 
Feb 18
Maastricht resistance fighter JAJ Janssen arrested 
Feb 18
Youngest baseball player, Cin Reds sign 15 year old Joe Nuxhall 
Feb 19
823 British bombers attack Berlin 
Feb 19
U-264 sinks off Ireland 
Feb 20
Batman & Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers 
Feb 20
US takes Eniwetok Island 
Feb 20
World War II: The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers. 
Feb 21
"War As It Happens" news show premieres on NBC TV (NYC only) 
Feb 22
US 8th Air Force bombs Enschede, Arnhem & Nijmegen by mistake/800+ die 
Feb 23
Forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people to Central Asia. 
Feb 24
Argentina coup by Juan Peron minister of war 
Feb 25
US 1st Army completes invasion plan 
Feb 26
1st female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed 
Feb 29
5 leaders of Indonesia Communist Party sentenced to death 
Feb 29
US troop land on Los Negros, Admirality Islands 
Mar 1
Massive strikes in Northern Italian towns 
Mar 1
U-358 sinks in Atlantic 
Mar 2
16th Academy Awards - "Casablanca," Jennifer Jones & Paul Lukas win 
Mar 2
Fumes from locomotive stalled in a tunnel suffocates 521 in Italy 
Mar 3
1st performance of corporal Samuel Barber's 2nd Symphony 
Mar 4
1st US bombing of Berlin 
Mar 4
Anti-Germany strikes in North Italy 
Mar 5
1st performance of Walter Piston's 2nd Symphony 
Mar 6
USAAF begins daylight bombing of Berlin 
Mar 7
Japans begins offensive in Burma 
Mar 8
US resumes bombing Berlin 
Mar 10
U-575 sinks HMS Asphodel 
Mar 11
Dutch resistance fighter Joop Westerweel arrested 
Mar 13
USSR recognizes Italian Badoglio government 
Mar 15
Italian town of Cassino destroyed by Allied bombing 
Mar 16
Vichy Internal minister Pucheu sentenced to death 
Mar 18
Nazi Germany occupies Hungary 
Mar 18
2,500 women trample guards & floorwalkers to purchase 1,500 alarm clocks announced for sale in a Chicago Illinois dept store 
Mar 19
Tippett's oratorium "Child of Our Time" premieres in London 
Mar 20
Bus falls off bridge into Passaic River NJ, killing 16 
Mar 20
Mount Vesuvius, Italy, explodes 
Mar 21
Gen Eisenhower postpones S France invasion until after Normandy 
Mar 22
600+ 8th Air Force bombers attack Berlin 
Mar 22
American movie star Jimmy Stewart flies his 12th combat mission, leading the 2nd Bomb Wing in an attack on Berlin 
Mar 23
Bomb assassination against Southern Tirol congregation in Rome, 33 die 
Mar 23
Nicholas Alkemade falls 5,500 m without a parachute & lives 
Mar 24
76 Allied officers escape Stalag Luft 3 (Great Escape) 
Mar 24
811 British bombers attack Berlin 
Mar 24
In occupied Rome, Nazis execute more than 300 civilians 
Mar 25
Germany troop executes 335 residents of Rome 
Mar 25
RAF Flight Sgt Nicholas Alkemade survives a jump from his Lancaster bomber from 18,000 feet over Germany without a parachute; his fall was broken by pine trees and soft snow, and he suffered only a sprained leg. 
Mar 26
705 British bombers attack Essen 
Mar 27
1,000 Jews leave Drancy, France, for Auschwitz concentration camp 
Mar 27
2,000 Jews are murdered in Kaunas Lithuania 
Mar 27
40 Jewish policemen in Riga, Latvia, ghetto are shot by the Gestapo 
Mar 27
Children's Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno 
Mar 28
6th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Utah defeats Dartmouth 42-40 
Mar 28
Astrid Lindgren sprains ankle & begins writing Pippi Longstocking 
Mar 30
781 British bombers attack Nuremberg 
Mar 31
Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars 
Apr 1
Japanese troops conquer Jessami, Eastern India 
Apr 2
CPI-leader Palmiro Togliatti returns to Italy 
Apr 2
Dmitri Shostakovitch's 8th Symphony premieres in NY 
Apr 2
Soviet Army marches into pro-German Romania 
Apr 3
British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz 
Apr 3
US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional 
Apr 4
British troops capture Addis Ababa Ethiopia 
Apr 4
De Gaulle forms new regime in exile, with communists 
Apr 4
Allied Bucharest bombings targeting railroads kills 5,000 
Apr 5
140 Lancasters bomb airplane manufacturer in Toulouse 
Apr 5
World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans. 
Apr 6
Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain France overrun by Nazis 
Apr 7
General Montgomery speaks to generals about invastion plan 
Apr 9
Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae 
Apr 10
"Patrolling the Ether" is shown on 3 TV stations simultaneously 
Apr 10
Soviet forces liberate Odessa from Nazis 
Apr 11
RAF bombs census bureau in The Hague 
Apr 12
Lillian Hellman's "Searching Wind" premieres in NYC 
Apr 13
South Carolina rejects black suffrage 
Apr 13
Stanley Cup: Montreal Canadiens sweep Chicago Blackhawks in 4 games 
Apr 13
Transport nr 71 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany 
Apr 13
The diplomatic relations between New Zealand and the Soviet Union are established. 
Apr 14
1st Jews transported from Athens arrive at Auschwitz 
Apr 14
Freighter "Fort Stikene" explodes in Bombay India, killing 1,376 
Apr 14
Gen Eisenhower becomes head commander of allied air fleet 
Apr 14
Greek Colonel Venizelos forms government 
Apr 18
48th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:31:50.4 
Apr 18
Leonard Bernstein & Jerome Robbins' ballet premieres in NYC 
Apr 19
Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra 
Apr 20
Dutch Communist Party resistance fighter John Postma sentence to death 
Apr 20
NFL legalizes coaching from bench 
Apr 21
NFL Chic Cardinals & Pittsburgh Steelers merge (dissolves on Dec 3) 
Apr 22
Allies land near Hollandia, New-Guinea 
Apr 22
Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet at Salzburg 
Apr 24
1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump" 
Apr 24
RAF bombs Munich 
Apr 24
United Negro College Fund incorporates 
Apr 25
United Negro College Fund incorporates 
Apr 26
1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down 
Apr 26
Papandreou government in Greece forms 
Apr 27
Boston Brave Jim Tobin no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-0 
Apr 28
Stalin meets Polish/US priest S Orlemanski 
Apr 28
Exercise "Tiger" ends with 750 US soldiers dead in D-Day rehearsal after their convoy ships were attacked by German torpedo boats 
Apr 29
Surprise attack by Van de Peat on General Landsdrukkerij in the Hague 
Apr 30
NY Giant Phil Weintraub gets 11 RBIs 
Apr 30
NY Giant, Mel Ott scores 6 runs in 1 game drawing 5 walks for 4th time 
May 1
Messerschmitt Me 262 Sturmvogel, 1st jet bomber, makes 1st flight 
May 1
Pulitzer prize awarded to American Martin Flavin for his novel "Journey in the Dark" 
May 1
Surprise attack on Weteringschans Amsterdam, fails 
May 2
WABD (WNEW, now WNYW) TV channel 5 in NYC (DUM/MET/FOX) 1st broadcast 
May 3
"Meet Me in St Louis" opens on Broadway 
May 3
Meat rationing ends in US 
May 4
"Gaslight", starring an 18-year-old Angela Lansbury in her film debut, is released 
May 5
Gandhi freed from prison 
May 5
Russian offensive against Sebastopol, Crimea 
May 6
70th Kentucky Derby: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 2:04.2 
May 6
KJR-AM in Seattle Wash swaps calls with KOMO 
May 7
German assault on Tito's hideout in Drvar Bosnia 
May 8
33 communist resistance fighter sentenced to death 
May 9
1st eye bank opens in New York 
May 9
Country singer Jimmie Davis becomes governor of Louisiana 
May 9
Dutch resistance fighter Gerard Musch arrested 
May 9
Joe McCarthy returns as Yankee manager after an illness 
May 9
Russians recapture Crimea by taking Sevastopol 
May 10
Chinese offensive in West-Yunnan 
May 10
Smith v Allwright (excluding Blacks from primary voting) is illegal 
May 11
Opposition group surprise attack post office Washer 
May 11
Slomp Resistance fighter (Frits de Zwerver) freed from Arnhem prison 
May 12
900+ 8th US Air Force bombers attack Zwikau, Bohlen & Brux 
May 12
Crimea purged of Nazi troops 
May 12
Secret Police arrest Gerrit Van de Peat 
May 13
70th Preakness: Conn McCreary aboard Pensive wins in 1:59.2 
May 14
91 German bombers harass Bristol 
May 14
British troops occupy Kohima 
May 14
Gen Rommel, Speidel & von Stulpnagel attempt to assassinate Hitler 
May 15
14,000 Jews of Munkacs, Hungary, deported to Auschwitz 
May 15
Cincinnati Red Clyde Shoun no-hits Boston Braves, 1-0 
May 15
Eisenhower, Montgomery, Churchill & George VI discuss D-Day plan 
May 15
Sergei Aleksi becomes guardian of Patriarch Throne 
May 16
1st of 180,000+ Hungarian Jews reach Auschwitz 
May 16
Military police attack gypsies 
May 17
-18] Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java 
May 17
Chinese/US arm forces take Myitkyina Airport, Burma 
May 17
General Eisenhower sets D-Day for June 5th 
May 17
Operation Straightline: Allies land in Neth New-Guinea 
May 18
Polish 2nd Army corps captures convent of Monte Cassino Italy 
May 18
Expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union begins, they are accused of collaborating with the Germans 
May 19
240 gypsies transported to Auschwitz from Westerbork, Netherlands 
May 19
German defense line in Italy collapsed 
May 20
US Communist Party dissolves 
May 21
Hitler begins attack on British/US "terror pilots" 
May 23
British and Canadian troops occupy Pontecorvo, Italy 
May 23
Chinese counter offensive at Hunan front 
May 23
Operation Buffalo: Allied break out from Anzio bridgehead 
May 23
Polo Grounds host 1st NYC night game since 1941 
May 24
Enver Hoxha becomes head of Albania anti fascists 
May 24
Icelandic voters severe all ties with Denmark 
May 25
Partisan leader Tito escapes Germans surrounding Bosnia 
May 27
Allies land on Biak, Indonesia (operation Horlicks) 
May 27
Japanese advance in Hangkhou China 
May 27
Jean-Paul Sartres' "Huis Clos" premieres in Paris 
May 29
British troops occupy Aprilia, Italy 
May 30
Transport number 75 departs with French Jews to Nazi Germany 
May 31
Allied breakthrough in Italy 
Jun 1
Gen Montgomery/Patton/Bradley/Dempsey/Crerar meet in Portsmouth 
Jun 1
Nazi occupiers make it punishable to give aid to allied pilots 
Jun 2
Generals Eisenhower & Montgomery dine in Portsmouth 
Jun 2
Judendurchgangslager Vught disbands 
Jun 3
76th Belmont: G L Smith riding Bounding Home wins in 2:32.2 
Jun 3
Generals Giraud & de Gaulle reach agreement on constitution 
Jun 3
Nazis pull out of Rome 
Jun 4
1st British gliders touch down on French soil for D-Day 
Jun 4
U505 becomes the first German submarine captured & boarded on high seas 
Jun 4
5th Army enters & liberates Rome from Mussolini's Fascist armies 
Jun 4
French general De Gaulle arrives in London 
Jun 5
1st B-29 bombing raid; 1 plane lost due to engine failure 
Jun 5
1st British gliders touched down on French soil for D-Day invasion 
Jun 5
Allies march into Rome 
Jun 5
German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies 
Jun 5
General Eisenhower decides invasion set for June 6 
Jun 6
82nd Airborne division WWII D-day-landing at Ste Mere Eglise 
Jun 6
Baseball cancels all games honoring D-Day invasion 
Jun 6
Operation Neptune, D-Day: 150,000 Allied Expeditionary Force lands in Normandy, France in WWII 
Jun 6
Nazi troops executed 96 prisoners by firing squad 
Jun 6
Theodore Roosevelt Jr receives congressional medal of honor 
Jun 6
U-955, U-970, U-629, U-373 sink in Gulf of Biskaje 
Jun 6
Alaska Airlines commences operations. 
Jun 7
Achilles Veen soccer team forms in Veen 
Jun 7
Canadian 50th division occupies Bayeux 
Jun 7
Claus von Stauffenberg meets Hitler 
Jun 8
1st SS-Panzer Korps counter attacks at Normandy 
Jun 8
Allies occupy Port-en-Bessin Normandy 
Jun 8
Dutch Resistance fighter Frans Duwaer arrested 
Jun 8
General Montgomery lands in Normandy, sets up HQ in Chateau de Creully 
Jun 9
Russian offensive in Carelia 
Jun 10
Joe Nuxhall, 15, of Cin Reds is youngest player in major league 
Jun 10
Nazi murders in Oradour-sur-Glane, France 
Jun 10
World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops. 
Jun 11
15 US aircraft carriers attack Japanese bases on Marianas 
Jun 11
1st Serbian Orthodox cathedral in US, Cathedral of St Sava, NYC 
Jun 11
KP gang surprise attack on Dome Arnhem jail 
Jun 12
1st V-1 rocket assault on London 
Jun 12
British 12th airborne batallion and the 13th & 18th Hussars attack and capture Bréville 
Jun 12
Churchill/Marshall/Arnold visit Montgomery's HQ in Chateau de Creully 
Jun 12
US troop march into Carentan/Caumont, Normandy 
Jun 13
German counter attack on Villers-Bocage, Normandy 
Jun 13
Nazi Germany begins V-1 (Fieseler Fi-103) flying bomb (doodle-bugs) attacks 
Jun 14
1st B-29 raid against mainland Japan 
Jun 14
General Charles de Gaulle lands at Courselles France 
Jun 15
US forces begin invasion of Saipan in Pacific 
Jun 16
Iceland adopts constitution 
Jun 16
King George VI visits General Montgomery's HQ in Normandy 
Jun 16
US bombs Kyushu Japan 
Jun 17
-19] French troops under Lattre de Tssigny conquer Elba 
Jun 17
Hitler secretly meets with von Rundstedt in Marjival Soissons 
Jun 17
Iceland declares independence from Denmark 
Jun 17
Republic of Iceland proclaimed at Thingvallir, Iceland 
Jun 17
Resistance fighter/poet Col Blake arrives in London 
Jun 18
Farewell concert of Willem Mengelberg in Paris 
Jun 18
U-767 sinks 
Jun 19
French troops free Elba 
Jun 19
Heavy air raid on US fleet at Guam "Turkey Shoot" 
Jun 19
Japanese troops conquer Changsha China 
Jun 19
World War II: First day of the 2 day Battle of the Philippine Sea, US naval forces defeat Japanese fleet 
Jun 20
Congress charters Central Intelligence Agency 
Jun 20
Heavy storm hits the Channel 
Jun 20
Nazis begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz 
Jun 20
Soviet forces conquer Wiborg 
Jun 20
US attacks Japanese fleet in Philippines Sea 
Jun 20
US troops occupy Biak 
Jun 21
Very heavy bombing on Berlin 
Jun 22
British 14th Army frees Imphal Assam 
Jun 22
US President Franklin Roosevelt signs "GI Bill of Rights" (Servicemen's Readjustment Act) 
Jun 22
Longest shut out in Phillies history, Phils beat Braves 1-0 in 15 inn 
Jun 22
Boston Brave Jim Tobin 2nd no-hitter of yr beats Phils, 7-0 in 5 inn 
Jun 22
Opening day of the Soviet Union's Operation Bagration against Army Group Centre. 
Jun 23
4 tornadoes strike Appalachia, killing 153 
Jun 23
Russian offensive in central front sector 
Jun 23
Thomas Mann becomes a US citizen 
Jun 25
British assault at Caen, Normandy 
Jun 26
2nd British army reaches Grainville-Mouen line 
Jun 26
Yanks, Dodgers & Giants play unique 6 inn game for War Bonds, each playing successive innings, final score Dodgers-5, Yanks-1 & Giants-0 
Jun 27
Cherbourg, France liberated by Allies 
Jun 29
German counter attack at Caen 
Jun 29
Nazi Paul Touvier shoots 7 Jews dead 
Jun 29
Rommel & von Rundstedt travel to Berchtesgaden 
Jun 29
Soviet Armies join in Bobroesjk 
Jun 29
US 7th army corps conquers Cherbourg 
Jun 30
Allies land on Vogelkop, New Guinea 
Jun 30
French Cotentin Peninsula in allied hands 
Jun 30
Universal strike against Nazi terror in Copenhagen 
Jun 30
World War II: The Battle of Cherbourg ends with the fall of the strategically valuable port to American forces. 
Jul 1
2500+ killed in London/SE England by German flying bombs 
Jul 1
Bretton Woods Conference starts, establishing IMF & World Bank 
Jul 1
Earl Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to colonel 
Jul 1
General Eisenhower visits front in Normandy 
Jul 1
US headquarter moves to Colombières Normandy 
Jul 1
Von Rundstedt against Keitel: "Signs peace, idiots!" 
Jul 2
Field Marshal von Kluge replaces General von Rundstedt 
Jul 3
Oriole Park (minor league baseball stadium) burns down in Baltimore 
Jul 3
US V-III-E Army corp opens assault on Coutances Cotentin 
Jul 4
1,100 US guns fire 4th of July salute at German lines in Normandy 
Jul 4
1st Japanese kamikaze attack, US fleet near Iwo Jima 
Jul 4
Allied assault on Carpiquet airport at Caen 
Jul 4
Gestapo arrests German Social Democrat Julius Leber 
Jul 5
Harry Crosby takes 1st rocket airplane, MX-324, for maiden flight 
Jul 6
170 die in a fire at Ringling Bros Circus in Hartford Conn 
Jul 6
French General Charles de Gaulle arrives in Washington, DC 
Jul 6
US General Patton lands in France 
Jul 7
RAF Bomber Command drop 2,572 tons of bombs on Caen, France 
Jul 7
Heavy Japanese counter offensive on Saipan 
Jul 8
British troops march into Caen 
Jul 8
Japanese kamakize attacks on US lines at Saipan 
Jul 9
In World War II, US troops secure Saipan as Japan fell 
Jul 9
U-740 sinks 
Jul 9
World's largest circus tent catches fire at Ringling Brother's - Barnum & Bailey 2nd performance, 168 die (Hartford Conn) 
Jul 10
U-821 sinks 
Jul 10
"Father of Medicare" Tommy Douglas becomes the 7th Premier of Saskatchewan 
Jul 11
12th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 7-1 at Forbes Field, Pittsburgh 
Jul 11
Franklin Roosevelt announces that he will run for a fourth term as President of the United States. 
Jul 12
Theresienstadt Family camp disbands, with 4,000 people gased 
Jul 12
US government recognizes authority of General De Gaulle 
Jul 13
Vilnius, Lithuania, liberated 
Jul 14
Attempt to liberate prisoners in Amsterdam fails, John Post arrested 
Jul 14
US assault on Coutances Cotentin 
Jul 15
Greenwich Observatory damaged by WW II flying bomb 
Jul 16
Dodgers score 8 unearned runs against Braves to win 8-5 & break their 16-game losing streak, they will lose another 5 in a row 
Jul 17
2 ammunition ships explodes at Port Chicago, California kills 322 
Jul 17
Russian troops cross river Bug/march into Poland 
Jul 18
7:45 Operation-Goodwood: British assault east of Caen 
Jul 18
Allies air raid railways at Vaires Paris 
Jul 18
Arne Andersson runs world record 1 mile (4:01.6) 
Jul 18
RAF Mosquitos attack Cologne & Berlin 
Jul 18
British air raid on German convoy SW of Helgoland 
Jul 18
British troops occupy Bourquebus hill range, Normandy 
Jul 18
Polish troops under Gen Anders occupy Ancona Italy 
Jul 18
US troop march into St Lo 
Jul 19
1,200+ 8th US Air Force bombers bomb targets in SW Germany 
Jul 19
500 15th US Air Force Liberators/Flying Fortresses bomb Munich vicinity 
Jul 19
Allied troops occupy Faubourg de Vaucelles, at Caen 
Jul 19
Danish resistance fails in assault on Taarbaek Fort near Copenhagen 
Jul 19
Democratic convention opens in Chicago 
Jul 19
Earl Claus von Stauffenberg visits RC church in Berlin-Dahlem 
Jul 19
General Bradley flies to England 
Jul 19
Japanese aircraft carriers Taiho/Shokaku sinks in Marianas 
Jul 19
NY archbishop Spellman flies to Europe 
Jul 19
Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg 1st meets Eichmann 
Jul 20
British and Canadian troops occupy Hill 67/Ifs/Bras/Frenouville, Normandy 
Jul 20
Browns Nelson Potter is 1st pitcher suspended for throwing spitballs 
Jul 20
Canadian Cameron Highlanders conquer St Andre 
Jul 20
Death March of 1,200 Jews from Lipcani Moldavia begins 
Jul 20
Fieldmarshal von Kluge consults with German commandant at Caen 
Jul 20
Flying Fortresses of US 8th Air Force attack Leipzig/Dessau 
Jul 20
General Eisenhower visits Montgomery's headquarter in Normandy 
Jul 20
Heavy storm hampers British offensive at Caen 
Jul 20
Japanese aircraft carrier Hijo sunk by US air attack 
Jul 20
Liberators of US 8th Air Force attack Gotha Russelsheim/Eisenach 
Jul 20
US President FDR nominated for an unprecedented 4th term at Dem convention 
Jul 20
US 15th Air Force attacks Friedrichshaven Memmingen 
Jul 20
US 9th Air Force bombs railroad at Chaulnes Sable-sur-Sarthe/Dreux 
Jul 20
US invades Japanese-occupied Guam 
Jul 20
Violent battles in Verrieres-hill (Normandy) 
Jul 20
Fifty are hurt in rioting in front of the presidential palace in Mexico City. 
Jul 20
Adolf Hitler survives an assassination attempt led by Germany army officer Claus Von Stauffenberg. 
Jul 21
British premier Winston Churchill flies to France, meets Montgomery 
Jul 21
General Koiso becomes premier of Japan 
Jul 21
US forces land on Guam to get rid of Japanese invaders 
Jul 21
Field Marshal Günther von Kluge warns Hitler of impending collapse of front in Normandy 
Jul 22
Soviets set up Polish Committee of National Liberation 
Jul 23
Chicago Cubs Bill Nicholson hits 4 HRs in a doubleheader 
Jul 23
Conference of Bretton Woods signed; IMF operations begin 
Jul 23
Soviet Army marches into Lublin Poland 
Jul 23
US forces invade Japanese-held Tinian in WW II 
Jul 23
US troops occupy Pisa Italy 
Jul 24
300 allied bombers drop fire bombs on Allied/German positions 
Jul 24
Soviet forces liberate concentration camp Majdanek 
Jul 24
US troops land on Tinian 
Jul 25
-26] Japanse banzai-attack on Guam 
Jul 25
1st jet fighter used in combat (Messerschmitt 262) 
Jul 25
Allied jailbreak at St-Lo (behind German lines) 
Jul 25
US troop march into Guam 
Jul 25
USAAF kills 136 and wounds 621 GI's at St-Lo 
Jul 25
World War II: Operation Spring - one of the bloodiest days for Canadians during the war: 18,444 casualties, including 5,021 killed. 
Jul 26
Japanese suicide attack on US lines in Guam 
Jul 26
Russian troops arrive in Weichsel 
Jul 26
US offensive at St-Lo/2nd Armour div occupies St Gilles 
Jul 26
The first German V-2 rocket hits Great Britain (nicknamed "gasometer"). 
Jul 27
1st British jet fighter used in combat (Gloster Meteor) 
Jul 27
Soviet Army frees Majdanek concentration camp 
Jul 27
US regains possession of Guam from Japanese 
Jul 27
US troops occupy le Mesnil-Herman/Hill 183 Normandy 
Jul 28
Hitler routes 4 division of South France to Normandy 
Jul 28
US 8th Army corp occupies Coutances France 
Jul 29
Allied air force bomb Germany for 6 hours 
Jul 29
Frank McCormick (Reds) HR off Ace Adams (Giants) in both games of DH 
Jul 29
US 4th Armour division occupiers Avranches 
Jul 30
Heavy battles at Tessy-sur-Vire & Villebaudon Normandy 
Jul 30
US 30th division reaches suburbs of St-Lo Normandy 
Jul 31
Last deportation train out Mechelen departs to Auschwitz 
Jul 31
Transport nr 77 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany 
Jul 31
US troops occupy Sansapor, New-Guinea 
Aug 1
Adam Clayton Powell elected 1st black congressman from East 
Aug 1
Anne Frank's last diary entry; 3 days later she is arrested 
Aug 1
General Montgomery takes command of 12th & 21st army 
Aug 1
US 90th division occupies St Hilaire-du-Harcourt 
Aug 1
US troops enter Tessy-sur-Vir 
Aug 1
Uprising in Warsaw 
Aug 2
Amsterdam soccer team "The Volewijckers" plays in orange shirts 
Aug 2
Jewish survivors of Kovono Ghetto emerge from their bunker 
Aug 2
Turkey breaks diplomatic relationship with nazi-Germany 
Aug 3
Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp gases 4,000 gypsies 
Aug 3
General Montgomery visits general Dempsey's headquarter 
Aug 3
Allied troops under Lt-Gen Joseph Stilwell take Myitkyina, Burma 
Aug 3
Tommy Brown, just 16 years & 8 months old, plays shortstop for Dodgers 
Aug 4
Anne Frank arrested in Amsterdam by German Security Police (Grüne Polizei) following a tip-off from an informer who was never identified 
Aug 4
British 8th Army reaches suburbs of Florence, Italy 
Aug 5
US 79th/90th division occupy Laval/Mayenne 
Aug 5
US troops occupy Vannes, Brittany 
Aug 6
All 1,200 Jewish death marchers from Lipcani Moldavia have died 
Aug 6
Anti-German attack at Avranches fails 
Aug 6
Deportation of 70,000 Jews from Lodz Poland to Auschwitz begins 
Aug 6
US 20th Army corp under general Walker occupies Nantes 
Aug 7
Anton de Kom arrested by Surinam resistance fighter 
Aug 7
Canada/Polish offensive direction Falaise: Total Cooperation 
Aug 7
German counter attack at Avranches fails 
Aug 7
July 20th Plot trial under Roland Freis in Berlin begins 
Aug 7
US 3rd Army reaches suburbs of Brest, Brittany 
Aug 7
IBM dedicates the first program-controlled calculator, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (known best as the Harvard Mark I). 
Aug 8
Canada/Polish troops occupy Cramesnil/Secqueville/Cintheaux/St-Aignan 
Aug 8
US 15th Army corps occupies Le Mans 
Aug 9
12 workers of Dutch illegal paper "Trouw" executed at Camp Vught 
Aug 9
Smokey Bear debuts as spokeman for fire prevention 
Aug 9
US 79th/90th division enter Le Mans 
Aug 10
Braves Red Barrett throws only 58 pitches to shut out Cin Reds 2-0 
Aug 10
Race riots in Athens Alabama 
Aug 10
US recaptures Guam from Japanese 
Aug 10
US/French offensive at Alencon 
Aug 11
British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Italy 
Aug 11
French 5th Armour division recaptures Sées 
Aug 11
Klaus Barbie, Gestapo head of Lyon France leaves for Auschwitz 
Aug 11
US air raid on Palembang 
Aug 12
Churchill & Tito meet in Naples 
Aug 12
Pipeline under ocean (Pluto) begins operating 
Aug 12
Waffen SS troops massacre 560 people in Sant'Anna di Stazzema. 
Aug 13
British 8th Army occupies Florence 
Aug 13
Generals Montgomery/Dempsey/Bradley discuss naderende breakthrough 
Aug 13
Jackie Gleason-Les Tremayne show premieres on NBC radio 
Aug 14
British premier Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica 
Aug 14
Operation Tractable: new Canadian offensive 
Aug 14
Russian offensive at Weichsel 
Aug 15
Allied air raid on train in North Netherlands, 32 killed 
Aug 15
German field marshal von Kluge vanishes for one day 
Aug 15
Operation Anvil: Allies land on French Mediterranean sea coast 
Aug 15
Operation Dragoon: Allied troops land in Provence 
Aug 15
US 12 Army corp enters Le Mans through Orleans 
Aug 15
US 7th Armour division reaches Chartres 
Aug 16
2nd Canadian Division occupies Falaise, Normandy 
Aug 16
Dutch begin diplomatic contact with Vatican in London 
Aug 16
US 15th Army corp reaches Eure, surrounds Dreux 
Aug 16
First flight of the Junkers Ju 287. 
Aug 17
4th Canadian Armoured division occupiers Trun, Normandy 
Aug 17
Canadian 2nd division conquerors Falaise, Normandy 
Aug 17
German field marshal Model replaces von Kluge in Normandy 
Aug 17
Russian troops arrive at Austria-Prussia border 
Aug 17
US 12 Army Corps occupies Orleans 
Aug 17
US 320th regiment infantry occupies Châteaudun 
Aug 17
Yanks Johnny Lindell ties record with 4 consecutive doubles in a game 
Aug 18
Chartres freed by US 3rd Army forces during WWII 
Aug 18
Paris rail workers strike against Nazi occupiers 
Aug 18
US 15th Army Corps reaches Mantes-Gassicourt near Paris 
Aug 18
US 20th Army Corps conquers Chartres 
Aug 19
Allied air raid on Maastricht, 80+ killed 
Aug 19
Gen Bradley visits Montgomery 
Aug 19
Last Japanese troops driven out of India 
Aug 19
Nazis give parts of Paris to Resistance 
Aug 19
Paris police strike against nazi occupiers 
Aug 19
Polish 1st Division occupies Hill 262 (Mont Ormel), Normandy 
Aug 19
US 15th Army Corps occupies Mantes-Gassicourt at Paris 
Aug 19
US 90th/Polish 1st Division occupy Chambois, Normandy 
Aug 20
"Anna Lucasta" opens on Broadway 
Aug 20
26th PGA Championship: Bob Hamilton at Manito G & CC Spokane Wash 
Aug 20
Gen de Gaulle returns to France 
Aug 20
Russian offensive at Jassy & Kisjinev 
Aug 20
US & British forces destroy German 7th Army at Falaise-Argentan Gap 
Aug 21
Germans storm up Hill 262 (Mont Ormel) Normandy 
Aug 21
Grieg/Work/Forest's musical "Song of Norway" premieres in NYC 
Aug 21
Raid on Jewish childrens house in Secrétan/St-Mandé 
Aug 21
US 12nd Army Corps occupies Sens 
Aug 22
Hitler orders Paris to be destroyed [or 23rd] 
Aug 22
Last transport of French Jews to nazi-Germany 
Aug 23
94.5°F (34.7°C) in De Bilt Netherlands & 101.5°F (38.6°C) in Warnsvelt 
Aug 23
Allied troops capture Marseilles, France 
Aug 23
General George Leclercs troops advance towards Paris 
Aug 23
General Montgomery consults with Generals Bradley and Eisenhower 
Aug 23
King Michael of Romania ordered his forces to cease fire against Allies & dismissed the pro-Axis premier, Marshal Ion Antonescu 
Aug 23
Romania liberated from Nazi occupation 
Aug 23
Sammellager Drancy freed 
Aug 23
US 20th Army corp enter Fontainebleau/Melun de Seine 
Aug 23
US B-24 crashes into school in Freckelton England, 76 killed 
Aug 24
General LeClerc's troops open assault on Paris 
Aug 25
France 2nd Tank division under General Leclerc reaches Notre Dame 
Aug 25
General De Gaulle walks the Champs Elysees in Paris after the liberation of the city from Nazi occupation 
Aug 25
Paris liberated from Nazi occupation (Freedom Tuesday) 
Aug 25
US 12nd Army Corps reaches Troyes 
Aug 26
Bulgaria announces withdrawal & German troops are to be disarmed 
Aug 26
De Gaulle marches along the Champs-Elysees 
Aug 26
US 12nd Army Corps crosses river Seine East of Paris 
Aug 27
200 Halifax bombers attack oil installations in Hamburg 
Aug 28
Last German troops in Marseille surrendered & Toulon cleared 
Aug 28
US air raid on Ambon 
Aug 29
15,000 American troops liberating Paris march down Champs Elysees 
Aug 29
Anti German rebellion in Slovakia 
Aug 30
11th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: Chi Bears 24, All-Stars 21 (48,769) 
Aug 30
Philip Yordan's "Anna Lucasta" premieres in NYC 
Aug 30
Soviet troops enter Bucharest Romania 
Aug 31
Allied offensive at "Gothen-linie" Italy 
Aug 31
French provisional government moves from Algiers to Paris 
Aug 31
French troops liberate Bordeaux 
Aug 31
Russian-Romanian troops march into Bucharest 
Sep 1
Bulgaria government of Bagrjanow, resigns 
Sep 1
King George VI promotes Montgomery to field marshal 
Sep 2
Belgium's Emissie bank closes 
Sep 2
During WW II, George H W Bush ejects from a burning plane 
Sep 2
Holocaust diarist Anne Frank was sent to Auschwitz 
Sep 2
US leaders meet in Belgium 
Sep 3
58th US Women's Tennis: P Betz beats Margaret Osborne duPont (6-3 8-6) 
Sep 3
68th & last transport of Dutch Jews (including Anne Frank) leaves for Auschwitz concentration camp 
Sep 3
Canadian troops liberate Abbeville, France 
Sep 3
Frank Parker beats Bill Talbert for US Tennis title 
Sep 3
French troops liberate Lyon 
Sep 3
Last transport from Westerbork to Auschwitz 
Sep 3
Prince Bernhard appointed supreme commander of Neth Domestic Arm Force 
Sep 3
Tank division of British Guards free Brussels 
Sep 4
2,087 Jews transported for Westerbork to KZ-Lower Theresienstadt 
Sep 4
64th US Men's Tennis: Frank Parker beats Wm F Talbert (6-4 3-6 6-3 6-3) 
Sep 4
British 11th Armoured Division frees Antwerp 
Sep 4
Finland breaks diplomatic contact with Nazi Germany 
Sep 4
US 1st Army frees Namen 
Sep 5
"Mad Tuesday" 65,000 Dutch nazi collaborators flee to Germany 
Sep 5
5 resistance fighter executed in Terneuzen 
Sep 5
Allies liberate Brussels 
Sep 5
Belgium, Luxembourg & Netherlands sign unity treaty 
Sep 5
British premier Churchill travels to Scotland 
Sep 5
Dutch Armed Forces forms, under prince Bernhard 
Sep 6
Gen Von Zangen's 15th army escape from Zealand 
Sep 7
SS-general Kurt Meyer takes Durnal, Belgium 
Sep 7
Strongest Hurricane of century in Netherlands (wind force 12) 
Sep 8
1st V-2 rockets land in London & Antwerp 
Sep 8
Russians march into Bulgaria; Bulgaria declares war on Germany 
Sep 9
Allied forces liberate Luxembourg 
Sep 9
Bulgaria liberated from Nazi control (National Day) 
Sep 9
Resistance fighter Jaap Musch arrested in Nijverdal Neth 
Sep 9
US 113th cavalry passes Belg-Dutch borders 
Sep 9
Very strong hurricane hits Netherland 
Sep 10
Lt-gen Frederick Browning against Montgomery "But, sir, I think we might be going a bridge too far" 
Sep 11
FDR & Churchill meet in Canada at 2nd Quebec Conference 
Sep 11
US 5th Armored Division is 1st allied force to enter nazi-Germany 
Sep 12
-16] Hurricane, kills 389 in NC 
Sep 12
Noorbeek & Mheer freed 
Sep 12
US Army troops entered Germany for 1st time 
Sep 13
30th Infantry division of US 1st Army frees Margraten 
Sep 13
Last transport out camp Westerbork to Bergen Belsen 
Sep 13
US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Siegfried line/Westwall 
Sep 14
6,500 Dutch/Indonesian captives sent to Junyo Maru 
Sep 14
Gulpen, Meerssen & Maastricht freed 
Sep 14
Hurricane hits New England: 389 die 
Sep 14
US 28th Infantry division occupies 1.5 km of Roscheid 
Sep 14
US 4th Ivy League Inf division pushes through Westwall 
Sep 15
British bombers hit Tirpitz with Tallboy bombs 
Sep 15
Russian troops free Sofia Bulgaria 
Sep 15
US 1st Infantry division pushes through to Westwall 
Sep 15
US 28th Infantry division occupies Hill 555 at Roscheid 
Sep 15
US troops lands on Palau & Morotai 
Sep 17
British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US 
Sep 17
Dutch begin railroad strike against German occupiers 
Sep 17
Operation Market Garden: British airborne division lands Arnhem Neth 
Sep 18
British submarine Tradewind torpedoes Junyo Maru: 5,600 killed 
Sep 18
Eindhoven free (Lightly Day) 
Sep 18
US 266th division occupiers Brest Bretagne 
Sep 19
Luftwaffe bombs Eindhoven: 200 killed 
Sep 19
Armistice between Finland and Soviet Union is signed. (End of the Continuation War). 
Sep 20
Nijmegen is liberated from German occupation 
Sep 20
Polish forces free Terneuzen Neth 
Sep 21
Last British paratroopers at bridge of Arnhem surrenders 
Sep 22
Boulogne reoccupied by Allies 
Sep 22
Operation Market Garden: Polish paratroopers land at Driel 
Sep 22
US troops land on Ulithi 
Sep 22
President Jose P. Laurel declared the country under martial law in 1944 through Proclamation No. 29 
Sep 23
Proclamation No. 30 was issued, declaring the existence of a state of war between the Philippines and the United States and the United Kingdom 
Sep 26
British & Polish paratroopers evacuate Oosterbeek (Arnhem) 
Sep 26
Soviet forces occupy Estonia 
Sep 27
Helmond & Oss Neth liberated 
Sep 28
1st TV Musical comedy (The Boys from Boise) 
Sep 28
Battle of Arnhem, Germans defeat British airborne in Netherlands 
Sep 28
Nazi murders in Marzabotto, Italy (SS-major Reder) 
Sep 29
Browns last in AL attendance, only 6,172 watch them sweep Yanks in DH 
Sep 29
Soviet troops invade Yugoslavia 
Sep 30
-Oct 1] Failed attack on German officers near Putten Neth 
Sep 30
Calais reoccupied by Allies 
Sep 30
Dutch General Mine Workers Union (ABWM) forms 
Oct 1
Newspaper editor Alejandro Córdova assassinated in Guatemala 
Oct 1
St Louis Browns win their only AL pennant 
Oct 2
Nazis crush Warsaw Uprising killing 250,000 people 
Oct 2
US B-17's drops pamphlets on Walcheren 
Oct 3
1st broadcast of Radio Herrijzend Netherland 
Oct 3
RAF bombs West Kapelse 
Oct 4
British troops land on Greek continent 
Oct 4
1st All St Louis World Series, all games played at Sportsman's Park 
Oct 4
St Louis Browns win 1st World Series game in their only appearance 
Oct 5
Harold Arlen/ET Harburgs musical premieres in NYC 
Oct 5
Kerkrade (Neth) liberated 
Oct 5
Suffrage is extended to women in France. 
Oct 6
Allied aircrafts bombard per accident Fishing, Overijssel 
Oct 6
Canadians free Austria 
Oct 6
Royal Ducth Navy submarine Zwaardvis (Swordfish) sinks U168 at Java 
Oct 6
Soviets march into Hungary & Czechoslovakia 
Oct 7
Allies bombs sea dikes at Vlissingen 
Oct 7
Field Marshal Erwin Rommel ordered to return to Berlin 
Oct 7
Riots in Amersfoort/Utrecht/Strugle 
Oct 7
Uprising at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp, Jews burn down crematoriums 
Oct 8
"Adventures of Ozzie & Harriet" debut on CBS radio 
Oct 8
Samuel Barber's "Capricorn Concerto" premieres 
Oct 9
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrives in Russia for talks with Stalin 
Oct 9
Canadian offensive in West-Zeeuws-Flanders 
Oct 9
German occupiers turn off electricity in Amsterdam 
Oct 9
St Louis Cards beat St Louis Browns, 4 games to 2 in 41st World Series 
Oct 10
Admiral Halsey's Task Force 30 bombs Okinawa, 700 die 
Oct 10
US takes Okinawa 
Oct 11
Allies bomb sea wall at Veere 
Oct 11
Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R 
Oct 11
"Laura", starring Gene Tierney, is released 
Oct 12
German army retreats from Athens 
Oct 13
Riga Latvia freed 
Oct 13
US 1st army begins battle of Aachen 
Oct 14
Allied troops land in Corfu 
Oct 14
British troops march into Athens 
Oct 15
The Arrow Cross Party (very similar to Hitler's NSDAP (Nazi party)) takes over the power in Hungary. 
Oct 16
Hungary: Horthy government falls/nazi count Szalasi becomes premier 
Oct 18
Eisenhower, Bradley & Montgomery confer in Brussels 
Oct 18
Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II 
Oct 19
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill flies back to London from Moscow 
Oct 19
Canadian troops liberate Aardensburg 
Oct 19
John Van Druten's "I Remember Mama," premieres in NYC 
Oct 19
US Navy says black women can join WAVES 
Oct 19
US forces land in Philippines 
Oct 20
Liquid-gas tanks in Cleveland, Ohio explode, 135 die, 3,600 homeless 
Oct 20
Revolution by workers & students in Guatemala 
Oct 20
Russian/Yugoslavian troops free Belgrade 
Oct 20
US 1st army wins battle of Aachen 
Oct 20
US 6th army lands on Leyte, Philippines 
Oct 20
US forces under Gen Douglas MacArthur return to Philippines 
Oct 21
Canadian troops occupy Breskens 
Oct 21
During WW II, US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall 
Oct 21
Walter Piston's "Fugue for a Victory Tune" premieres in NYC 
Oct 22
Kurita's vice-admiral fleet leaves North-Borneo 
Oct 23
First Central Kitchen opens in Amsterdam 
Oct 23
Gulf of Leyte battle begin 
Oct 23
Soviet army invades Hungary 
Oct 23
Vice-adm Kurita's sailboat Atago sinks 
Oct 24
Rotterdam Passage fight frees 46 prisoners 
Oct 24
US air raid on Japanese battleships/cruisers in Sibuya Sea: Musashi sinks 
Oct 24
US aircraft carrier Princeton sinks at Philippines 
Oct 24
US capt David Mccampbell shoots down 9-11 Jap planes in Gulf of Leyte 
Oct 25
Battle at Cape Engano: 4 Japanese ships sink 
Oct 25
Battle at Samar-island 
Oct 25
Battle in Straits of Surigao: Japanese fleet destroyed 
Oct 25
Gas output stopped in Amsterdam 
Oct 27
Hertogenbosch & Tilburg freed from nazi occupation 
Oct 27
Tito reaches free Belgrade 
Oct 28
Russia & Bulgaria sign weapons pact 
Oct 29
1st Polish Armoured Division liberates Breda, Netherlands 
Oct 29
Cabadese 2nd Infantry division frees Goes South-Beveland 
Oct 30
Aaron Copland's "Appalachian Spring" premieres in Washinton DC 
Oct 30
Anne Frank is deported from Auschwitz to Belsen 
Oct 30
Last transport for Auschwitz arrives in Birkenau 
Oct 30
Scots Highlanders liberate Waalwijk 
Oct 30
Sweden announces intention to stay neutral & refuse sanctuary in WW II 
Oct 30
Tholen Island freed 
Oct 31
Chief of staff Kruls names De Quay chairman of Universal Commission 
Nov 1
Mary Coyle Chase's "Harvey" premieres in NYC 
Nov 1
Zeeuws & Flanders liberated 
Nov 1
World War II: Units of the British Army land at Walcheren in the Netherlands. 
Nov 2
Auschwitz begins gassing inmates 
Nov 2
Canadian troops occupy Knokke 
Nov 2
US 28th Infantry division opens assault on Schmidt Hurtgenwald 
Nov 3
Allied commandos lands at Westkapelle Walcheren 
Nov 3
German troops in Vlissingen surrenders 
Nov 3
Pro-German government of Hungary flees