Today in History - Historical Events - 1943

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Notable Historical Events - 1943

1943FDR becomes 1st US president to visit a foreign country during wartime

1943RAF discovers Werner von Braun's V1/V2-base in Peenemunde

1943Assassination attempt on Hitler fails

1943Gen MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel (island-hopping)

1943FDR appoints Gen Eisenhower supreme commander of Allied forces

1943Agnes Moorehead appears in "Sorry, Wrong Number" on the radio program "Suspense", her most successful appearance

1943U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases to common carriers and public utilities.

1943FDR, Churchill & Stalin agree to Operation Overlord (D-Day)

1943NYC's Times Square greets Frank Sinatra at Paramount Theater

1943Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight

1943Hermann Goering division in Tunisia surrenders

1943Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus

1943W.E.B. Du Bois becomes 1st Black member of National Institute of Letters

1943Stalin says: "The issue of German fascism is lost"

1943US forces led by Gen George Patton liberate Palermo Sicily

1943Joseph Stalin dissolves the Comintern (or Third International).

1943Major General George Patton arrives in Djebel Kouif Tunisia

1943British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca

1943FDR & Winston Churchill confer in Casablanca concerning WW II

1943US Joint Chiefs of Staff question Admiral Nimitz over the landing on Gilbert Island

1943FDR signs withholding tax bill into law

1943Pres FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US

1943Duke Ellington plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time.

194315th Academy Awards - "Mrs. Miniver", James Cagney & Greer Garson win

1943Bulgarian Tsar Boris III visits Adolf Hitler

1943Blue Ribbon Town (with Groucho Marx) 1st heard on CBS Radio

1943Admiral Donitz stops U-boat in Atlantic Ocean

1943Spud Chandler wins AL MVP; Stan Musial wins NL MVP

1943Benito Mussolini forms a rival fascist government in Italy

19431st US pres to visit a foreign country in wartime-FDR leaves for Casablanca, Morocco

1943Sign on Munich facade: "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" done by "White Rose" student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22

1943Conference of Teheran (Churchill-Roosevelt-Stalin)

1943Benito Mussolini dismissed as Italian Premier and arrested on authority King Victor Emmanuel II

1943Italian Facist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns

1943British premier Winston Churchill arrives in USA

1943Waffen-SS (Skorzeny) frees Benito Mussolini at Gran Sasso

1943-19] Hitler visits fieldmarshal von Mansteins hq in Zaporozje

1943FDR orders minimal 48 hour work week in war industry

1943Counter attack by Hermann Goering Armoured division in Sicily

1943FDR, Churchill & Chiang Kai-shek meet to discuss ways to defeat Japan

1943French general Charles de Gaulle arrives in Algiers

1943Hitler orders deportation of Danish Jews (unsuccessful)

1943FDR, Churchill & Stalin met at Tehran to map out strategy

1943Singer Frank Sinatra debuts on radio's "Your Hit Parade"

1943Stalin disbands Komintern

1943Washington Redskin Sammy Baugh passes for 6 touchdowns vs Bkln (48-10)

1943Hitler promotes Friedrich von Paul to Field Marshal

1943Hitler orders German troops at Stalingrad to fight to the death

1943Gen Patton calls injured soldier "cowardly"

1943-Dec 6] 2nd conference of Cairo: FDR, Churchill & Turkish pres Inonu

1943Gen Patton enters Messina, completing conquest of Sicily by Allies

1943FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial

1943Thomas Mann completes his tetralogy, "Joseph & His Brothers"

1943British premier Winston Churchill gets pneumonia

1943Last Judy Garland-Mickey Rooney movie released (Girl Crazy)

1943Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini met for an Axis conference in Salzburg

1943Hitler declares "Total War"

1943In their third match, Jake LaMotta finally defeats Jimmy Reeves by knocking him out in the sixth round

1943Gen Patton slaps a US GI in hospital, accusing him of cowardice

1943Pulitzer prize awarded to Upton Sinclair (Dragon's Teeth)

1943Hitler watches lynching of allied pilots

1943Benito Mussolini transfered from La Maddalena Sardinia to Gran Sasso

1943 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to lt-colonel 
Jan 1
Negro League star Josh Gibson suffers a nervous breakdown 
Jan 3
1st missing persons telecast (NYC) 
Jan 3
Canadian Army troops arrive in North Africa 
Jan 4
Thomas Mann completes his tetralogy, "Joseph & His Brothers" 
Jan 5
Teams agrees to start season later due to WW II 
Jan 5
William H Hastie, civilian aide to secretary of war, resigns to protest segregation in armed forces 
Jan 9
Japanese government in Java limits sale & use of motorcars 
Jan 10
Russian offensive against German 6th/4th Armies near Stalingrad 
Jan 10
1st US pres to visit a foreign country in wartime-FDR leaves for Casablanca, Morocco 
Jan 11
US & Britain relinquish extraterritorial rights in China 
Jan 12
Frankfurters replaced by Victory Sausages (mix of meat & soy meal) 
Jan 13
British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca 
Jan 13
Hitler declares "Total War" 
Jan 13
Russian offensive at Don under general Golikov 
Jan 13
US infantry captures Galloping Horse Ridge, Guadalcanal 
Jan 14
Alex Smart (Mont) is 1st NHLer to score hat trick in his 1st game 
Jan 14
FDR & Winston Churchill confer in Casablanca concerning WW II 
Jan 14
Heinrich Himmler views Warsaw 
Jan 15
1st transport of Jews from Amsterdam to concentration camp Vught 
Jan 15
World's largest office building, Pentagon, completed 
Jan 15
1,000 workers complete air conditioning system for Pentagon 
Jan 16
-60°F (-51°C), Island Park Dam, Idaho (state record) 
Jan 16
1st US air raid on Ambon 
Jan 16
German 2nd SS-Pantzer division evacuates Charkow 
Jan 16
Red Army recaptures Pitomnik airport at Stalingrad 
Jan 17
Tin Can Drive Day 
Jan 18
Soviets announce they broke long Nazi siege of Leningrad 
Jan 18
US rations bread & metal - banning presliced bread reduce bakery demand for metal parts 
Jan 19
Uprising in Warsaw ghetto 
Jan 19
Joint Chiefs of Staff decide on invasion in Sicily 
Jan 20
Lead SD, temp is 52°F, while 1.5 miles away Deadwood SD records -16°F 
Jan 20
Operation-Weiss: Assault of German, Italian, Bulgarian & Croatian 
Jan 21
Soviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk 
Jan 21
Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport near Stalingrad 
Jan 21
Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham, Royal Navy, promoted to Admiral of the Fleet 
Jan 22
66.3 cm precipitation at Hoegees Camp, California (state record) 
Jan 22
Battle of Anzio: Italy; Allies stopped on beach[1944]- 
Jan 22
Joint Chiefs of Staff determine invasion in Sicily for July 10th 
Jan 22
Temperature rises 49°F (9°C) in 2 minutes in Spearfish, SD 
Jan 23
66.34 cm (26.12"), Hoegees Camp, California (state record) 
Jan 23
British 8th army marches into Tripoli 
Jan 23
Detroit Red Wings scores NHL record 8 goals in 1 period 
Jan 23
Japanese Mount Austen on Guadalcanal captured 
Jan 23
Duke Ellington plays at Carnegie Hall in New York City for the first time. 
Jan 24
Hitler orders German troops at Stalingrad to fight to the death 
Jan 24
Jewish patients/nurses/doctors incinerated at Auschwitz-Birkenau 
Jan 27
1st US air attack on Germany (Wilhelmshafen) 
Jan 28
Chic Blackhawks beats NY Rangers 10-1, Max Bentley scores 4 goals 
Jan 28
Forward Doug Bentley sets NHL record with 5 points in a game 
Jan 29
New Zealand cruiser Kiwi collides with Japanese submarine I-1 at Guadalcanal 
Jan 29
Sidney Kingsley's "Patriots," premieres in NYC 
Jan 30
6 British Mosquitos bomb Berlin in daylight 
Jan 30
German assault on French in Tunisia 
Jan 30
German under officers shot down in Haarlem Neth 
Jan 30
Hitler promotes Friedrich von Paul to Field Marshal 
Jan 30
Illegal opposition newspaper Loyal begins publishing 
Jan 30
USS Chicago sinks in Pacific Ocean 
Jan 31
39 U boats sunk this month (203,100 ton) 
Jan 31
Chile breaks contact with Germany & Japan 
Jan 31
Gen Friedrich von Paul surrenders to Russian troops at Stalingrad 
Feb 1
German occupiers make Vidkun Quisling Norwegian premier 
Feb 1
Mussert forms pro-Nazi shadow cabinet in Netherlands 
Feb 2
Cubs return to original uniform after experimenting with a vest 
Feb 2
German 6th Army surrenders after Battle of Stalingrad, turning point in Europe during WW II 
Feb 3
4 chaplains drown after giving up their life jackets to others 
Feb 4
Bertolt Brecht's "Der gute Mensch von Sezuan," premieres in Zurich 
Feb 5
Amsterdam resistance group CS-6 shoots nazi general Seyffardt 
Feb 5
Clandestine Radio Atlantiksender, Germany, 1st transmission 
Feb 6
1st Spitfire in action above Darwin, Australia, Mu Ki-46 shot down 
Feb 6
Singer Frank Sinatra debuts on radio's "Your Hit Parade" 
Feb 7
Shoe rationing begins in US (may purchase up to 3 more pairs in 1942) 
Feb 8
Red Army recaptures Kursk 
Feb 9
FDR orders minimal 48 hour work week in war industry 
Feb 9
German riots at "plutocratenzoontjes," 1,200 in Vught Camp 
Feb 9
Japanese troops evacuate Guadalcanal, ends epic WWII battle on the Solomon Islands in the Pacific 
Feb 9
NL seeks buyer for Phillies, as owner Gerry Nugent, falls in arrears 
Feb 9
Nazis arrest Dutch sons of rich parents 
Feb 10
"Manifesto of Algerian People" calls for equality & self-determination 
Feb 10
British 8th Army sweeps through North Africa to Tunisia 
Feb 10
Van der Veen Resistance starts fire in Amsterdam employment bureau 
Feb 11
US General Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe; British General Montgomery not best pleased. 
Feb 11
Transport nr 47 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany 
Feb 12
General Eisenhower departs Algiers to Tebessa 
Feb 13
German assault on Sidi Bou Zid Tunisia, Gen Eisenhower visits front 
Feb 13
Women's Marine Corps created 
Feb 14
German offensive through de Faid-pass Tunisia 
Feb 14
Soviets recapture Rostov 
Feb 14
World War II: Rostov-on-Don, Russia is liberated. 
Feb 15
Women's camp Tamtui on Ambon (Moluccas) hit by allied air raid 
Feb 16
-32°F (-36°C), Falls Village, Connecticut (state record) 
Feb 16
British premier Winston Churchill gets pneumonia 
Feb 16
Red army conquers Kharkov 
Feb 16
Withdrawing Afrika Korps reaches Mareth-line in North-Africa 
Feb 16
Sign on Munich facade: "Out with Hitler! Long live freedom!" done by "White Rose" student group, caught on 2/18, beheaded on 2/22 
Feb 16
World War II: The USSR reconquers Kharkov. 
Feb 17
-19] Hitler visits fieldmarshal von Mansteins hq in Zaporozje 
Feb 17
Dutch churches protest at Seyss-Inquart against persecution of Jews 
Feb 17
Gen-major Bradley flies to Wash DC 
Feb 17
NY Yankee Joe DiMaggio, enlists into the US army 
Feb 18
1st edition of Dutch resistance newspaper "Trouw" 
Feb 18
Munich resistance group "White Rose" captured by Nazis 
Feb 18
William D Cox buys Philadelphia Phillies 
Feb 19
German tanks under brig gen Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass Tunesia 
Feb 20
Allied troops occupy Kasserine pass in Tunisia 
Feb 20
New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer's corn patch (Mexico) 
Feb 20
Phil Wrigley & B Rickey charter All-American Girls Softball League 
Feb 20
American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies. 
Feb 21
Dutch RC bishops protest against persecution of Jews 
Feb 21
German offensive at Western Dorsalgebergte Tunisia 
Feb 22
Members of White Rose are executed in Nazi Germany. 
Feb 23
Gen-Maj Bradley arrives in Dakar & Marrakesh 
Feb 23
German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia 
Feb 24
Gen-major Bradley flies to Algiers 
Feb 24
Texas League announces it will quit for the duration of WW II 
Feb 25
Vietminh forms Indo Chinese Democratic Front 
Feb 26
German assault moves to Beja North Tunisia 
Feb 27
The Smith Mine #3 in Bearcreek, Montana, explodes, killing 74 men. 
Feb 27
The Rosenstrasse protest starts in Berlin 
Feb 28
"Porgy & Bess" opens on Broadway with Anne Brown & Todd Duncan 
Feb 28
63 U Boats (359,300 ton) sinks this month 
Mar 1
Jewish old age home for disabled in Amsterdam raided 
Mar 2
1st transport from Westerbork Neth to Sobibor concentration camp 
Mar 3
Bomb fleeing crowd falls into London shelter; 173 die 
Mar 3
F Ryerson & Cohn Claues' "Harriet," premieres in NYC 
Mar 3
Battle of the Bismarck Sea during WWII: Australian and American airforces devastate Japanese navy convoy 
Mar 4
Transport nr 50 departs with French Jews to Maidanek/Sobibor 
Mar 4
15th Academy Awards - "Mrs. Miniver", James Cagney & Greer Garson win 
Mar 5
Anti-fascist strikes in Italy 
Mar 5
RAF bombs Essen Germany 
Mar 6
Battle at Medenine, North-Africa: Rommels assault attack 
Mar 6
Sukarno asks for cooperation with Japanese occupiers 
Mar 7
Major General George Patton arrives in Djebel Kouif Tunisia 
Mar 8
335 allied bombers attack German city of Nuremberg, a centre for military production 
Mar 8
Limited gambling legalized in Mexico 
Mar 8
US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill 
Mar 8
US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Arthur Vaughn 
Mar 9
Delft opposition group-Pahud de Mortanges overthrown 
Mar 9
Greek Jews of Salonika are transported to Nazi extermination camps 
Mar 11
Nazi Militia forms in Netherlands 
Mar 12
Soviet troops liberate Wjasma 
Mar 13
Baseball approves official ball (with cork & balata) 
Mar 13
Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight 
Mar 13
Frank Dixon wins Knights of Columbus mile (4:09.6) 
Mar 14
World War II - The Kraków Ghetto is 'liquidated'. 
Mar 15
Allied reconnaissance flight over Java 
Mar 15
Red Army evacuates Kharkov 
Mar 16
Elin K (No) & Zaanland (Neth) torpedoed & sinks 
Mar 17
Aldemarin (Ned) & Fort Cedar Lake (US) torpedoed & sinks 
Mar 17
F Hugh Herbert's "Kiss & Tell" premieres in NYC 
Mar 17
Physician Willem J Kolff performs the world's first 'hemodialysis' using his artificial kidney machine, however the treatment is unsuccessful and the patient dies, the Netherlands 
Mar 18
James Oglethorpe (US) & Terkolei (Neth), torpedoed & sinks 
Mar 18
Red Army evacuates Belgorod 
Mar 18
Agnes Moorehead appears in "Sorry, Wrong Number" on the radio program "Suspense", her most successful appearance 
Mar 19
Airship Canadian Star torpedoed & sinks 
Mar 19
British 8th army opens assault on Mareth line, Tunisia 
Mar 19
Frank Nitti, the Chicago Outfit Boss after Al Capone, commits suicide at the Chicago Central Railyard. 
Mar 19
In their third match, Jake LaMotta finally defeats Jimmy Reeves by knocking him out in the sixth round 
Mar 20
German U-384 bombed & sinks 
Mar 21
Assassination attempt on Hitler fails 
Mar 21
Massacre of the town of Kalavryta, Greece by German Nazi troops. 
Mar 22
Dutch work week extended to 54 hour 
Mar 22
Obligatory work for woman ends in Belgium 
Mar 22
SS police chief Rauter threatens to kill half Jewish children 
Mar 23
German counter attack on US lines in Tunisia 
Mar 25
97% of all Dutch physicians strike againt nazi registration 
Mar 25
Jimmy Durante & Garry Moore premiere on radio 
Mar 26
Battle of Komandorski Islands, Pacific Ocean 
Mar 26
Elsie S Ott becomes 1st woman awarded US Air Force Medal 
Mar 27
Assassination attempt on Van de Peat at Amsterdams census bureau 
Mar 27
Blue Ribbon Town (with Groucho Marx) 1st heard on CBS Radio 
Mar 27
US begins assault on Fondouk Pass, Tunisia 
Mar 29
Meat( 784 gram/week, 2 kilogram for GI's), butter & cheese rationed in US during WW II 
Mar 30
5th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: U of Wyoming beat Georgetown 46-34 
Mar 30
British 1st army recaptures Sejenane 
Mar 30
Rodgers & Hammerstein's "Oklahoma!" premieres in NYC 
Mar 31
US errantly bombs Rotterdam, kills 326 
Apr 3
Jan Dieters (leader of illegal CPN) arrested 
Apr 5
Allies bomb Mortsel 
Apr 5
Japanese troops conquer Indin 
Apr 5
Poon Lim found after being adrift 133 days 
Apr 6
British & US armies link up in Africa during WW II 
Apr 6
British offensive at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia 
Apr 6
Lou Jansen, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN) arrested 
Apr 7
Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini met for an Axis conference in Salzburg 
Apr 7
British/US troops make contact at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia 
Apr 7
Lt colonel Claus von Stauffenberg seriously wounded at allied air raid 
Apr 7
NFL adopts free substitution rule 
Apr 8
Hakuun Yasutani Roshi, founder of Sanbo Kyodan, receives dharma 
Apr 8
Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings sweep Boston Bruins in 4 games 
Apr 8
U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases to common carriers and public utilities. 
Apr 10
12 Jewish patients of Herren Loo-Lozenoord escape nazis 
Apr 10
General Montgomery occupies Sfax Tunisia 
Apr 11
Frank Piasecki, Vertol founder, flies his 1st (single-rotor) craft 
Apr 12
Allies conquer Soussa, North-Africa 
Apr 12
Dutch Catholic University Nijmegen closed 
Apr 13
Catholic University Nijegen closes 
Apr 13
FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial 
Apr 13
Nazis discover mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn 
Apr 14
Gen Alexander/Eisenhower/Anderson/Bradley discuss assault on Tunis 
Apr 14
James Gow & A d'Usseau's "Tomorrow the World" premieres in NYC 
Apr 15
Metropolitan Life Insurances issues a $225 million check to Chase 
Apr 16
40 NZ bombers attack Haarlem Neth (85 killed) 
Apr 16
Dr. Albert Hofmann discovers the psychedelic effects of LSD. 
Apr 17
Admiral Yamamoto flies from Truk to Rabaul 
Apr 17
SS-lt-general Jurgen Stoop arrives in Warsaw 
Apr 19
47th Boston Marathon won by Gerard Cote of Canada in 2:28:25.8 
Apr 19
SS-lt-gen Jurgen Stoop leads destruction of ghetto of Warsaw 
Apr 19
Bicycle Day - Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time. 
Apr 20
Braves manager Casey Stengel is struck by a taxi, fractures a leg 
Apr 22
German counter attack in North-Tunisia 
Apr 22
RAF shoots down 14 German transport planes over Mediterranean Sea 
Apr 23
British & US offensive directed at Tunis/Bizerta 
Apr 25
The Demyansk Shield for German troops in commemoration of Demyansk Pocket is instituted. 
Apr 27
Lou Jansen & Jan Dieters arrested, lead illegal CPN party in Holland 
Apr 27
Soviet Union breaks contact with Polish government exiled in London 
Apr 28
1st performance of Marc Blitzstein's "Freedom Morning" 
Apr 28
German-Italian counter offensive in North-Africa 
Apr 28
US 34th Division occupies Djebel el Hara North Tunisia 
Apr 29
Dietrich Bonhoeffer arrested by nazis 
Apr 29
Noel Coward's "Present Laughter" premieres in London 
Apr 29
US 34th Division occupies Hill 609, North Tunisia 
Apr 30
Bergen-Belsen Concentration Camp for Jews forms 
Apr 30
Dutch strike against forced labor in Nazi Germany's war industry 
Apr 30
Noel Coward's "This Happy Breed" premieres in London 
May 1
1st edition of illegal "The Free Artist" appears in Amsterdam 
May 1
69th Kentucky Derby: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 2:04 
May 1
Food rationing begins in US 
May 1
German Wehrmacht deployed in order to break Dutch strikes 
May 1
German plane sinks boat loaded with Palestinian Jews bound for Malta 
May 1
Rauter signs unofficial death sentence 
May 2
German troops vacate Jefna Tunisia 
May 3
Pulitzer prize awarded to Upton Sinclair (Dragon's Teeth) 
May 3
Strike against obligatory labor camps ends, after 200 killed 
May 3
US 1st armour division occupies Mateur Tunisia 
May 4
NL Ford Frick demonstrates revised balata ball to reporters by bouncing it on his office carpet ball proves to be 50% livelier 
May 5
Postmaster General Frank C Walker invents Postal Zone System 
May 6
British 1st army opens assault on Tunis 
May 7
British 11th Hussars occupy Tunis 
May 7
Dutch men 18-35 obliged to report to labor camps 
May 7
Liberty Ship George Washington Carver, named after scientist, launched 
May 7
US 1st Armour division occupies Ferryville, Tunisia 
May 7
US 9th Infantry division occupies Bizerta/Bensert, Tunisia 
May 8
69th Preakness: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 1:57.4 
May 8
Admiral Cunningham of Britsh fleet: "Sink, burn & destroy; let nothing pass" 
May 9
5th German Pantser army surrenders in Tunisia 
May 9
Rotschild-Haddassh University Hospital opens 
May 11
Hermann Goering division in Tunisia surrenders 
May 11
US 7th div lands on Attu, Aleutian, (1st US territory recaptured) 
May 12
Axis forces in North Africa surrender 
May 12
British premier Winston Churchill arrives in USA 
May 12
German troops in Tunisia North Africa surrender 
May 13
German & Italian forces in Africa surrender 
May 13
German occupiers confiscate all radios 
May 14
Sinking of the Australian Hospital Ship Centaur off the coast of Queensland, by a Japanese submarine. 
May 15
Halifax bombers sinks U-463 
May 15
Warsaw ghetto uprising ends in its destruction 
May 15
Joseph Stalin dissolves the Comintern (or Third International). 
May 16
-17th] Operation Chastise - the Dambusters Raid; 617 Squadron RAF bombs Möhne & Eder dams (Ruhr valley) with bouncing bombs 
May 16
German troops destroy synagogue of Warsaw 
May 16
Jewish resistance in the Warsaw ghetto ends after 30 days of fighting 
May 17
The United States Army contracts with the University of Pennsylvania's Moore School to develop the ENIAC. 
May 17
World War II: the Dambuster Raids by No. 617 Squadron RAF on German dams. 
May 18
Allied bombers attack Pantelleria in the Mediterranean Sea 
May 19
Berlin is declared "Judenrien" (free of Jews) 
May 19
Churchill pledges Britain's full support to US against Japan 
May 20
French, British & US victory parade in Tunis Tunisia 
May 21
Fastest 9 inning AL baseball game (89 mins), White Sox beat Senators 
May 22
1st jet fighter is tested 
May 22
RAF scatters 1st copies of "The Flying Hollander" 
May 22
Stalin disbands Komintern 
May 23
-24] 826 Allied bombers attack Dortmund 
May 23
Thomas Mann begins writing his novel Dr Faustus 
May 24
Admiral Donitz stops U-boat in Atlantic Ocean 
May 24
U-441 shoots Sunderland seaplane down over Gulf of Biskaje 
May 25
Riot at Mobile, Alabama, shipyard over upgrading 12 black workers 
May 25
Trident conference in Washington, DC (operation plan '43 against Japan) 
May 26
Edwin Barclay of Liberia becomes first president of a black country to visit US 
May 26
Jews riot against Germany in Amsterdam 
May 26
Premier Churchill & General Marshall fly from US to North Africa 
May 27
French resistance under Jean Moulin meets secretly in Paris 
May 27
US forbids racial discrimination in war industry 
May 28
British miliitary reaches Tito 
May 29
Confederacy of Algiers (Churchill-Marshall-Eisenhower) 
May 29
Meat & cheese rationed in US 
May 30
French general Charles de Gaulle arrives in Algiers 
May 30
US troops reconquer Attu Aleutians 
May 31
"Archie" comic strip 1st broadcast on radio 
May 31
Cards Mort Cooper pitches 1st of back-to-back one-hitters 
Jun 1
Germany shoots down a civilian flight from Lisbon to London, all die 
Jun 1
Pirates Rip Sewell 1st throws his dew-drop (eephus) ball in a game 
Jun 2
99th Pursuit Squadron flies 1st combat mission (over Italy) 
Jun 2
German assault on Sebastopol Krim, begins 
Jun 3
United Nations Relief & Rehabilitation Administration forms 
Jun 3
A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beat up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots. 
Jun 4
Argentina taken over by Gen Rawson & Col Juan Peron 
Jun 4
Race riots in LA 
Jun 4
St Louis Card Mort Cooper pitches his 2nd consecutive 1 hitter 
Jun 5
75th Belmont: Johnny Longden aboard Count Fleet wins in 2:28.2 
Jun 5
German occupiers arrest Louvain University's chancellor 
Jun 5
President Laurel was shot around 4 times with a 45 caliber pistol while playing golf at the Wack Wack Golf Course in Mandaluyong 
Jun 9
"Pay-as-you-go" (withholding) US income tax deductions authorized 
Jun 10
FDR becomes 1st US president to visit a foreign country during wartime 
Jun 10
FDR signs withholding tax bill into law 
Jun 11
British invades Pantelleria (a tiny island south of Sicily) 
Jun 11
Heinrich Himmler orders liquidation of Nazi ghettos in occupied Poland 
Jun 12
Himmler orders extermination of all Nazi ghettos in occupied Poland 
Jun 15
Congress of racial Equality (CORE) forms 
Jun 16
Race riot in Beaumont Texas (2 die) 
Jun 17
Player-manager Joe Cronin of Red Sox hits two 3-run pinch home runs 
Jun 18
SS Police in Amsterdam sentence for 12 resistance fighter to death (Jewish, communists, homosexuality) at the census bureau 
Jun 19
"Shiekh Of Araby" Spike Jones & City Slickers peaks at #19 
Jun 19
NFL's Philadelphia Eagles & Pittsburgh Steelers merge, (dissolves on Dec 5) 
Jun 19
Race riot in Beaumont Texas 
Jun 20
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) founded 
Jun 20
Detroit race riot kills 35 
Jun 20
German round up Jews in Amsterdam 
Jun 20
National Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) organizes 
Jun 20
New Quebec (Chubb) Crater discovered in northern Quebec (3½ km dia) 
Jun 20
Sweden's Gunther Hagg beats favorite Greg Rice by 35 yards in 5,000m at national AAU track & field championship in NY 
Jun 21
Federal troops put down racial riot in Detroit 30 dead 
Jun 22
W.E.B. Du Bois becomes 1st Black member of National Institute of Letters 
Jun 23
Dutch artsens protest against nazis 
Jun 23
RAF discovers Werner von Braun's V1/V2-base in Peenemunde 
Jun 24
Allies begin 10-day bombing on Hamburg 
Jun 25
Crematorium 3 at Birkenau is finished 
Jun 25
Racial unrest in Detroit 
Jun 25
Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Reichskommissar in the Netherlands, orders mass arrests of Dutch physicians 
Jun 27
Elly Dammers throws Dutch record spear (41,43m) 
Jun 27
Fanny Blankers-Koen runs Dutch record 200m (24.5) 
Jun 29
Pope Pius XII encyclical Mystic Corporis (mystic body of Christ) 
Jun 29
US forces landed at Nassau Bay, near Salamaua, New Guinea 
Jun 29
Germany begins withdrawing U-boats from North Atlantic in anticipation of the Allied invasion of Europe 
Jun 30
Gen MacArthur begins Operation Cartwheel (island-hopping) 
Jul 1
"Pay-as-you-go" - 1st withholding tax from paychecks 
Jul 2
Gulf of Biskaje: Liberator bombers sinks U-126 
Jul 2
Indians score 12 runs in 4th inning & beat Yankees 12-0 
Jul 2
Lt Charles Hall becomes 1st black pilot to shoot down a Nazi plane 
Jul 3
Liberator bombers sinks U-628 
Jul 5
Battle of Gulf of Kula 
Jul 5
Battle of Koersk, USSR begins (6,000 tanks) 
Jul 5
Liberator bombers sink U-535 in Gulf of Biskaye 
Jul 5
US invasion fleet (96 ships) sails to Sicily 
Jul 6
2nd day of battle at Kursk: 25,000 German killed 
Jul 6
US destroyer William D Porter [Willie Dee] launched 
Jul 7
-10] Japanese premier Hideki Tojo visits Java 
Jul 7
3rd day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Dubrova 
Jul 7
Erich Hartmann shoots 7 Russian aircraft at Kursk 
Jul 7
Liberator bombers sinks U-517 
Jul 7
U-951 sunk 
Jul 8
4th day of battle at Kursk: Gen Model uses last tank reserve 
Jul 8
British air raid sinks U-232 
Jul 8
NSB-leader A Mussert meets with Heinrich Himmler 
Jul 8
US invasion fleet passes Bizerta Tunisia 
Jul 9
5th day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Verchopenje 
Jul 9
British air raid sinks U-435 
Jul 10
6th day of battle at Kursk 
Jul 10
US, British and Canadian forces invade Sicily in WW II (Operation Husky) 
Jul 11
7th day of battle at Kursk 
Jul 11
Counter attack by Hermann Goering Armoured division in Sicily 
Jul 11
US 45th Division occupies airport Comiso Sicily 
Jul 11
US 82nd Airborne division shot at by "friendly fire" in Sicily 
Jul 11
Massacres of Poles in Volhynia. 
Jul 12
Battle of Kolombangara (2nd battle of Gulf of Kula) 
Jul 12
National Committee Freies Deutschland forms 
Jul 12
Pope Pius XII receives German ambassador baron von Weizsacker 
Jul 12
Russian offensive at Orel 
Jul 12
WWII: Battle of Prokhorovka - Russians defeat German forces in one of the largest ever tank battles 
Jul 13
11th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 5-3 at Shibe Park, Philadelphia 
Jul 13
Greatest tank battle in history ends with Russia's defeat of Germany at Kursk, almost 6,000 tanks take part, 2,900 were lost by Germany 
Jul 17
RAF bombs Germany rocket base Peenemunde 
Jul 18
British assault on Catania Sicily 
Jul 18
Giants & Phillies strand record 30 baserunners, NY wins, 10-6 
Jul 19
500 allied air forces raid Rome during WW II 
Jul 20
US Joint Chiefs of Staff question Admiral Nimitz over the landing on Gilbert Island 
Jul 22
US forces led by Gen George Patton liberate Palermo Sicily 
Jul 23
Battle of Koersk, USSR ends in Nazi defeat (6,000 tanks) 
Jul 23
US 45th Infantry division occupies north coast of Termini 
Jul 24
RAF bombs Hamburg (20,000 dead) 
Jul 25
1st warship named after an African American launched - USS Leonard Roy Harmon, a Buckley class destroyer 
Jul 25
Benito Mussolini dismissed as Italian Premier and arrested on authority King Victor Emmanuel II 
Jul 25
Opposition group Zwaantje forms in Delfzijl 
Jul 25
RAF bombs Fokker airplane factory in Amsterdam 
Jul 26
120°F (49°C), Tishmoningo, Oklahoma (state record) 
Jul 26
Otto Skorzeny's commando group arrives in Rome 
Jul 27
772 British bombers attack Hamburg 
Jul 28
Italian Facist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns 
Jul 28
Pres FDR announces end of coffee rationing in US 
Jul 28
World War II: Operation Gomorrah: The British bomb Hamburg causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians. 
Jul 29
1 million inhabitants flee Hamburg 
Jul 29
Nazi's evacuate Hollandsche Theater in Amsterdam 
Jul 30
Last Judy Garland-Mickey Rooney movie released (Girl Crazy) 
Jul 30
US 45th Infantry division occupies San Stefano 
Jul 31
Transport nr 58 departs with French Jews to nazi Germany 
Aug 1
Japan declares Burma Independence under U Ba Maw 
Aug 1
Race riot in Harlem NYC 
Aug 1
Sunderland seaplanes sink U-454 & U-383 
Aug 2
Armed revolt breaks out in Treblinka 
Aug 2
Lt John F Kennedy's PT-boat 109 sinks at Solomon islands 
Aug 2
RAF bombs Hamburg 
Aug 2
Sunderland seaplanes sinks U-706 & U-106 
Aug 2
Uprising at Treblinka Concentration Camp (crematorium destroyed) 
Aug 3
Gen Patton slaps a US GI in hospital, accusing him of cowardice 
Aug 3
Nazi occupiers attack city of Orel, leave it on fire 
Aug 4
British premier Churchill travels on the Queen Mary to Canada 
Aug 4
Russian units reach suburbs of Orel 
Aug 4
USAAF bombs Germans in Troina 
Aug 5
Sicily: 3 US A-36's bomb British headquarter 
Aug 5
Soviet forces reconquer Orel & Bjelgorod 
Aug 5
World War II: at around 11 A.M during the Battle of Troina, Mount Etna erupts sending ash and lava miles into the sky. 
Aug 6
US 1st Infantry division occupies node Troina Sicily 
Aug 7
Red Army recaptures Bogodukov 
Aug 8
Common Chiefs of staff meet in Quebec 
Aug 8
US amphibians land at St Agata on North coast of Sicily 
Aug 8
Vegetables & fruit rationed in Holland 
Aug 9
Bertolt Brecht's "Leben des Galilei" premieres in Zurich 
Aug 10
Dutch submarine attacks Island Hertenbeest in NW Bali 
Aug 10
Gen Patton calls injured soldier "cowardly" 
Aug 10
Hitler watches lynching of allied pilots 
Aug 11
Red Army recaptures Tchukujev, at Kharkov 
Aug 11
Richard Strauss' 2nd Horn Concert, premieres 
Aug 11
US amphibians land at Brolo on north coast of Sicily 
Aug 12
Alleged date of the first Philadelphia Experiment test on United States Navy ship USS Eldridge. 
Aug 13
Red army recaptures Spas-Demensk 
Aug 14
-Aug 24th: Quadrant conference over strike in Pacific Ocean 
Aug 14
1st allied air raid on Borneo 
Aug 14
US 45th Division occupies Falcone 40 km outside of Messina 
Aug 15
Allies land on Kiska Aleutians 
Aug 16
1st Long Tom bombs on Italian mainland (from Sicily) 
Aug 16
Bulgarian Tsar Boris III visits Adolf Hitler 
Aug 17
498 British bombers attack Peenemunde 
Aug 17
Gen Patton enters Messina, completing conquest of Sicily by Allies 
Aug 17
US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17O at attack on Regensburg/Schweinfurt 
Aug 18
Carl Hubbell wins his 253rd & final game, all with Giants 
Aug 18
Final convoy of Jews from Salonika, Greece, arrives at Auschwitz 
Aug 18
Otto Skorzeny's Heinkel-111 shot down at Sardinia 
Aug 19
Belgian church excommunicates nazi Leon Degrelle 
Aug 19
US air raid on German bases at Gilze-Rijen/Vlissingen 
Aug 21
Gromyko named USSR-ambassador in Washington 
Aug 21
Japan leaves Aleutian Islands 
Aug 22
Soviet troops free Karkov 
Aug 23
Red army recaptures Charkow during WWII 
Aug 24
Phila A's drop AL record tying 20th game in a row, win the 2nd game 
Aug 25
10th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: All-Stars 27, Washington 7 (48,471) 
Aug 25
German occupiers impose 72-hour work week 
Aug 25
Lord Louis Mountbatten appointed Supreme Allied Commander in SE Asia 
Aug 25
Red Army under Gen Vatutin recaptures Achtyrka 
Aug 25
US forces overrun New Georgia in Solomon Islands during WW II 
Aug 28
Denmark declares a universal strike against Nazi occupiers 
Aug 28
Benito Mussolini transfered from La Maddalena Sardinia to Gran Sasso 
Aug 29
Danish Navy scuttles its warships so as not to be taken by Germany 
Aug 31
1st battle of Essex/new Yorktown: US assault on Marcus Island 
Aug 31
Japanse occupiers intern Jewish Congregation of Sorabajo 
Sep 3
British 8th Army lands in Southern Italy (Messina) 
Sep 3
General Castellano signs cease fire treaty in Sicily 
Sep 4
British 8th Army lands at Taranto, South Italy 
Sep 5
57th US Women's Tennis: Pauline Betz beats A Louise Brough (6-3 5-7 6-3) 
Sep 5
US airland at Nadzab, New-Guinea 
Sep 6
"Congressional Limited" train derails near Frankfort Pa, kills 79 
Sep 6
63rd US Men's Tennis: J R Hunt Seaman beats Jack Kramer (6-3 6-8 10-8 6-0) 
Sep 6
Carl Scheib becomes youngest pitcher in AL (16y 8 ms) of the A's 
Sep 7
987 Dutch Jewish transported to Auschwitz Concentration Camp 
Sep 7
Fire in decrepit old Gulf Hotel kills 45 (Houston, Texas) 
Sep 8
Italy surrenders to Allies in WWII 
Sep 8
Lt-Gen Bradley flies to Carthago/Algiers Sicily 
Sep 8
NY Giants' pitcher Ace Adams sets record by working in his 62nd game 
Sep 9
15 German JU-88's sink Italian flag ship Rome 
Sep 9
Lt-Gen Bradley flies from Algiers to to Marrakech/Prestwick 
Sep 9
Red Army occupies Bachmatsj 
Sep 9
US, British & French troops land in Salerno (operation Avalanche) 
Sep 10
British 8th army occupies Tarente 
Sep 10
German troops occupied Rome & took over the protection of Vatican City 
Sep 10
Italian fleet anchors at Malta 
Sep 10
Lt-Gen Bradley arrives in Prestwick/London 
Sep 11
Allied arm forces conquerors Salerno 
Sep 11
Jewish ghettos of Minsk & Lida Belorussia liquidated 
Sep 11
Last German Q/pirate ship sinks near Easter Island 
Sep 11
US & Australian troops join in Salamaua, New Guinea 
Sep 12
Free French lands on Corsica 
Sep 12
Waffen-SS (Skorzeny) frees Benito Mussolini at Gran Sasso 
Sep 13
Chiang Kai-shek became president of China 
Sep 13
German counter attack at Salerno 
Sep 13
Having been Generalissimo since 1928, Chiang Kai-shek elected pres 
Sep 13
The Municipal Theatre of Corfu is destroyed during an aerial bombardment by Luftwaffe. 
Sep 14
Yanks clinch pennant #14 
Sep 15
Benito Mussolini forms a rival fascist government in Italy 
Sep 15
Concentration Camp Vaivara in Estonia opens 
Sep 15
Concentration Camp Kauwen in Lithuania opens 
Sep 16
Montgomery's 8th army contacts invasion - arm forces at Salerno 
Sep 16
Soviet army under general Vatutin reconquer Romny 
Sep 17
Load of "ammunition in transit" explodes at Norfolk Naval Air Station 
Sep 17
Red Army recaptures Brjansk 
Sep 17
World War II: The Russian city of Bryansk is liberated from Nazis. 
Sep 18
Cardinals clinch NL pennant 
Sep 18
Hitler orders deportation of Danish Jews (unsuccessful) 
Sep 19
Fanny Whiteers-Koen breaks jumping world record 
Sep 19
Liberator bombers sinks U-341 
Sep 20
Liberator bomber sinks U-338 
Sep 21
Arundel (Solomon Island) in US hands 
Sep 21
Lynch Triangle (Square) in Bronx named 
Sep 21
Russian 13th/61st Army reconquer Chyernigov 
Sep 21
Soviet forces reach Dnjepr 
Sep 22
British dwarf submarines attack Tirpitz 
Sep 22
Destroyer HMS Itchen torpedoed & sinks 
Sep 22
Destroyer HMS Keppel sinks U-229 
Sep 24
Soviet forces reconquer Smolensk 
Sep 25
Russian troops liberate Smolensk 
Sep 27
Anti-fascism opposition begins in Naples 
Sep 27
Dutch opposition newspaper "The Slogan" publishes KZ-Lower letter 
Sep 29
1st Silbertanne-murder by German occupiers in Meppel 
Sep 29
Eisenhower & Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio sign an armistice 
Sep 29
German riots at Amsterdam Jews 
Sep 29
Zjadovs 5th Gardeleger/Managarovs 53rd Army reconquer Kremenchug 
Sep 30
Pope Pius XII encyclical on Divine spirit 
Oct 1
Allied forces captured Naples during WW II 
Oct 1
Averell Harriman named US ambassador to Moscow 
Oct 1
Germans attack Jews in Denmark 
Oct 1
1st King's Dragoon Guards (Royal Amoured Corps) liberates suburbs of Naples 
Oct 2
Japanse troops leave Kolombangara, Solomon Island 
Oct 2
Yankees sweep 14th doubleheader of year, beating Browns, 5-1 & 7-6 
Oct 3
British 8th army lands at Termoli, East Italy 
Oct 3
Operations begin at PETA Java, defending (Japanese) fatherland 
Oct 4
Corsica freed by Free French 
Oct 4
German occupiers forbid flying of kites (6 month jail sentence) 
Oct 5
US air raid on Wake 
Oct 6
Battle at Vella Lavella, Solomon Island 
Oct 6
Himmler wants acceleration of "Final Solution" 
Oct 7
Weill/Perelman/Nash' musical "One Touch of Venus" premieres in NYC 
Oct 8
Great Britain establishes bases on Azores 
Oct 10
Chiang Kai-shek takes oath of office as president of China 
Oct 10
US bombers accidentally strike Enschede Neth, causing 151 deaths 
Oct 11
NY Yankees beat Cards 4 games to 1, in 40th World Series, to become 1st team to win 10 World Series 
Oct 12
US bombs Rabaul, New Britain 
Oct 13
Italy declares war on former Axis partner Germany 
Oct 14
400 Jews escape in uprising at Sobibor extermination Camp in Poland 
Oct 14
Japan declares Philippine Independence (premier/pres Jose Laurel) 
Oct 14
Outbreak attempt in Sobibor concentration camp 
Oct 14
US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17s during assault on Schweinfurt 
Oct 16
Anti Jewish riot in Rome 
Oct 16
Chicago Mayor Ed Kelly opens city's new subway system 
Oct 16
Jewish quarter of Rome surrounded by Nazis, they are sent to Auschwitz 
Oct 16
US 1st Army establishes headquarter in Bristol 
Oct 17
Liberators sink U-540 & U-631 
Oct 18
US bombing of Bougainville, Solomon Island 
Oct 19
Conference of foreign ministers in Moscow 
Oct 19
Theater Guild presentation of "Othello" opens at Shubert 
Oct 19
Yankee 2nd baseman Joe Gordon announces retirement (hates NY) 
Oct 19
Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, is isolated by researchers at Rutgers University. 
Oct 23
First Jewish transport out of Rome reaches camp Birkenau 
Oct 23
Burma railway opens 
Oct 24
Anti-nazi Clandestine Radio Soldatsender Calais begins transmitting 
Oct 25
Burma railroad completed & opens 
Oct 26
World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 "Pfeil". 
Oct 28
U-220 sinks 
Oct 29
Three allied officers escape out camp Stalag Luft 3 
Oct 30
Molotov-Eden-Cordell Hull accord over operations at UN 
Oct 30
Soviet forces under Fyodor Ivanovich Tolbukhin commenced offensive on the 4th Ukranian Front 
Oct 31
Washington Redskin Sammy Baugh passes for 6 touchdowns vs Bkln (48-10) 
Oct 31
World War II: F4U Corsair accomplishes the first successful radar-guided interception. 
Nov 1
Dim-out ban lifted in SF Bay area 
Nov 1
US troops land on Bougainville Island on Solomon Island 
Nov 2
Jewish ghetto of Riga Latvia is destroyed 
Nov 3
Dmitri Sjostakovitch's 8th Symphony premieres in Moscow 
Nov 3
P-47D Thunderbolt shot down above North Holland 
Nov 5
-6] Vatican bombed 
Nov 6
Soviet troops land on Kertsj peninsula 
Nov 6
Soviet forces reconquer Kiev 
Nov 6
Stalin says: "The issue of German fascism is lost" 
Nov 7
Detroit Lions 0, NY Giants 0; last scoreless tie in NFL 
Nov 8
France arrests government of Lebanon after they abolish the French mandate 
Nov 11
Spud Chandler wins AL MVP; Stan Musial wins NL MVP 
Nov 11
US air raid on Rabaul, Papua New Guinea 
Nov 12
Landwacht (NSB-political party) forms in Netherlands 
Nov 14
Chic Bear Sid Luckman passes for 7 touchdowns vs NY Giants (56-7) 
Nov 14
J Postma, C Schalker, D Goulooze arrested for leading illegal CPN 
Nov 16
World War II: American bombers strike a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway. 
Nov 18
First US ambassador to Canada, Ray Atherton, nominated 
Nov 18
444 British bombers attack Berlin 
Nov 18
U-211 sinks in Atlantic Ocean 
Nov 19
U-536 sinks in Atlantic Ocean 
Nov 20
U-538 sinks in Atlantic Ocean 
Nov 20
US forces land on Tarawa & Makin Atoll in Gilbert Island 
Nov 21
7 Belgian ministers in London criticise King Leopold III for surrendering to Germany 
Nov 22
FDR, Churchill & Chiang Kai-shek meet to discuss ways to defeat Japan 
Nov 22
France officially recognises the independence of Lebanon, releasing the imprison Lebanese government 
Nov 22
RAF begins air bombing of Berlin 
Nov 22
US troops land on Abemada, Gilbert Island 
Nov 23
1st printing of illegal "Warheid" 
Nov 23
British Forces Broadcasting Service begins operation 
Nov 23
US forces take control of Tarawa, Gilbert Island & Makin from Japanese 
Nov 23
Phils owner William D Cox is permanently banned from baseball for having bet on his own team 
Nov 25
U-600 sinks in Atlantic Ocean 
Nov 27
31st CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Flying Wildcats defeat Winn Bombers, 23-14 
Nov 27
Conference of Teheran (Churchill-Roosevelt-Stalin
Nov 28
FDR, Churchill & Stalin met at Tehran to map out strategy 
Nov 29
Partisan Tito forms temporary government in Jajce, Bosnia 
Nov 29
U-86 sinks in Atlantic Ocean 
Nov 29
US aircraft carrier Hornet launched 
Dec 1
FDR, Churchill & Stalin agree to Operation Overlord (D-Day) 
Dec 2
1st RSHA transport out of Vienna reaches Birkenau camp 
Dec 3
9th Heisman Trophy Award: Angelo Bertelli, Notre Dame (QB) 
Dec 3
Battle of Monte Cassino, Italy begins 
Dec 3
Howard Hanson's 4th Symphony premieres 
Dec 4
-Dec 6] 2nd conference of Cairo: FDR, Churchill & Turkish pres Inonu 
Dec 4
Commissioner Landis announces any baseball club may sign Negroes 
Dec 4
Yugoslavian resistance forms provisionary government under Dr Ribar 
Dec 5
NFL Phila Eagle-Pitts Steeler merger disolves 
Dec 7
Cairo: president Roosevelt travels back to the US 
Dec 8
John Van Druten's "Voice of the Turtle" premieres in NYC 
Dec 10
British 8th Army (1st Canadian Infantry Division) occupies Orsogna/Ortona Italy 
Dec 13
150 US Marauders bomb Schiphol 
Dec 16
"Tamiami Champion" (New York to Florida) trains collide, kills 73 & injures 200 
Dec 17
Transport 63 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany 
Dec 19
Military coup in Bolivia 
Dec 20
"Internationale" is no longer USSR National Anthem 
Dec 22
Manufacturers get permission to use synthetic rubber for baseball core 
Dec 23
1st telecast of a complete opera (Hansel & Gretel), Schenectady, NY 
Dec 23
Gen Montgomery told he is appointed commandant for D-day 
Dec 24
FDR appoints Gen Eisenhower supreme commander of Allied forces 
Dec 24
Terence Rattigan's "While the Sun Shines" premieres in London 
Dec 26
British sink German battle cruiser Scharnhorst 
Dec 26
Chicago Bears win NFL championship 
Dec 26
Earl Claus von Stauffenberg vain with bomb to Hitlers headquarter 
Dec 27
France transfers most of her powers in Lebanon to Lebanese government 
Dec 27
German warship "Scharnhorst" sinks in Barents Sea 
Dec 27
Montgomery discusses Overlord with Eisenhower & Bedell Smith 
Dec 28
All Kalmyk inhabitants of of the Russian Republic of Kalmukkie deported by the Soviet Union to Central Asia and Siberia. Many die on route 
Dec 30
Phillies trade Babe Dahlgren to Pitts for Babe Phelps & cash 
Dec 30
Subhash Chandra Bose raises the flag of Indian independence at Port Blair. 
Dec 31
NYC's Times Square greets Frank Sinatra at Paramount Theater 
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