Today in History - Historical Events - 1939

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Notable Historical Events - 1939

1939Hitler threatens the Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag (parliament)

1939John Steinbeck novel "The Grapes of Wrath" published

1939Failed assassination attempt on Hitler in Burgerbraukeller, Munich

1939"The Hound of Baskervilles", starring Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes and Nigel Bruce as Dr. Watson for the first time, is released

1939Hitler claims German-Polish non-attack treaty still in effect

1939Hitler named Adolf Eichmann leader of "Referat IV B"

193959th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Bobby Riggs beats E Cooke (2-6 8-6 3-6 6-3 6-2)

1939FDR declares US neutrality at start of WW II in Europe

1939"Ninotchka," with Greta Garbo premieres

1939Stalin requests British, French & Russian anti-nazi pact

1939Hitler announces plans to regulate Jewish problem

1939Joe Louis TKOs Tony Galent in 4 for heavyweight boxing title

1939Bradman scores 251* SA v NSW, 271 minutes, 38 fours 2 sixes

1939Franco conquers Barcelona

1939SA wicketkeeper Bradman gets his 6th straight ton, 135* v NSW

193953rd US Womens Tennis: Alice Marble beats Helen Hull Jacobs (6-0 8-10 6-4)

1939Joe Louis KOs Bob Pastor in 11 for heavyweight boxing title

1939Ted Williams' 1st hit (off of Yankee Red Ruffing) a double

1939George Kaufman/Moss Hart's "Man Who Came to Dinner" premieres in NYC

1939Joe DiMaggio wins AL MVP, Jimmie Foxx is runner-up

1939NBC/RCA 1st public TV demo with FDR at opening of NY World's Fair

193911th Academy Awards - "You Can't Take It With You," Spencer Tracy & Bette Davis wins

1939Netherlands recognizes Franco regime in Spain

1939Lou Gehrig ends 2,130 consecutive game streak, Yanks beat Tigers 22-2

1939Spanish Civil War ends, Madrid falls to Francisco Franco

1939Hermann Goering appoints Reinhard Heydrich head of Jewish Emigration

1939In Mumbai (Bombay), Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest against autocratic rule in India.

1939Molotov-Ribbentrop pact: Eastern Europe divided between Hitler & Stalin

1939Hermann Goering begins plunder through Nazi's occupied areas

1939Lou Gehrig day; Gehrig makes "luckiest man" speech

1939Bugsy Siegel, Whitey Krakower, Frankie Carbo and Albert Tannenbaum kill Harry "Big Greenie" Greenberg outside his apartment after Greenberg had threatened to become a police informant

1939Joe Louis KOs John Henry Lewis in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

1939Bradman scores 267 SA v Vic, world record 34th double cricket century

1939Hitler & Benito Mussolini sign "Pact of Steel"

1939George Kaufman & Moss Hart's "American Way," premieres in NYC

1939German U boat fails on attack of English battleship Nelson with Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound & Charles Forbes aboard

1939Albert Einstein informs FDR of possibilities of atomic bomb

1939Boston Red Sox Ted Williams hits his 1st HR

1939Gen George Marshall sworn in as the United States Army Chief of Staff

1939FDR lays cornerstone of Jefferson Memorial in Wash DC

1939US recognizes Franco government in Spain at end of Spanish civil war. Pope Pius XII congratulates Generalissimo Franco's victory in Spain

1939"Mr. Smith Goes to Washington", starring Jimmy Stewart and Jean Arthur, is released

1939Yankees retire 1st uniform (Lou Gehrig #4), 1st Old Timers Day

1939Stalin signs British-France-Russian anti-Nazi pact

1939King & Queen of England taste 1st "hot dogs" at FDR's party

1939Kate Smith first sings Irving Berlin's "God Bless America"

1939FDR declares "limited national emergency" due to war in Europe

1939Bradman hits 186 SA v Qld before Christ catches him at short-leg

1939Hitler orders extermination of mentally ill

1939Victor Fleming replaces George Cukor as director of Gone With the Wind

1939Hitler proclaims he wants to move into Poland

1939USSR & Germany agree on partitioning Poland, Hitler deports Jews

1939Adolf Hitler denies he intends to go to war against France & Britain

1939NY Yankees announce Lou Gehrig's retirement after doctors reveal he has amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

1939Bradman scores 138 in South Australia's 7-821 v Queensland

193943rd US Golf Open: Byron Nelson shoots a 284 at Phila CC in Phila

1939Bradman scores 107 SA v Victoria, his 4th consecutive century

1939Frank Sinatra makes his recording debut

1939Al Capone freed from Alcatraz jail

1939First (tethered) flight of the Vought-Sikorsky VS-300, one of the first viable American helicopters, flown by Igor Sikorsky

1939Joe Louis KOs Jack Roper in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

1939Bronko Nagurski beats Lou Thesz in Houston, to become wrestling champ

1939"Of Mice and Men", starring Burgess Meredith as George Lon Chaney Jr. as Lennie, is released

1939Hitler occupies Bohemia & Moravia (Czechoslovakia); Slovakia independent

193952nd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Alice Marble beats Kay Stammers (62 60)

1939Ernst Heinkel demonstrates 800 kph (500 mph) rocket plane to Hitler

1939Canada, under the leadership of Mackenzie King, declares war on Germany

1939Lou Gehrig, 36, is elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame

1939 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
Sydney, Australia, swelters in 45 ˚C (113 ˚F) heat, a record for the city. 
Jan 2
Bradman scores 107 SA v Victoria, his 4th consecutive century 
Jan 3
Gene Cox becomes 1st girl page in US House of Representatives 
Jan 4
Frieda Wunderlich elected 1st woman dean of a US graduate school 
Jan 4
Hermann Goering appoints Reinhard Heydrich head of Jewish Emigration 
Jan 6
Daily newspaper comic strip "Superman" debuts 
Jan 7
US worker's union leader Tom Mooney freed (jailed since 1916) 
Jan 10
Bradman hits 186 SA v Qld before Christ catches him at short-leg 
Jan 13
Belgian premier signs Burgos-treaty for trade relations with Franco 
Jan 13
The Black Friday bush fires burn 20,000 square kilometres of land in Australia, claiming the lives of 71 people. 
Jan 14
All commercial ferry service to East Bay ends 
Jan 14
Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica 
Jan 15
1st NFL pro bowl, NY Giants beat All Stars 13-10 in Wrigley Field 
Jan 15
Municipal Railway & Market St RR begin service to Transbay Terminal 
Jan 17
Ed Barrow is elected Yankee president succeeding deceased J Ruppert 
Jan 18
SA wicketkeeper Bradman gets his 6th straight ton, 135* v NSW 
Jan 19
Ernest Hausen of Wisconsin sets chicken-plucking record-4.4 sec 
Jan 20
Charles Ives' 1st Sonate "Concord," premieres 
Jan 21
George Kaufman & Moss Hart's "American Way," premieres in NYC 
Jan 21
US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer 
Jan 21
US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee 
Jan 22
Aquatic Park, near Fisherman's Wharf, SF, is dedicated 
Jan 24
30,000 killed by earthquake in Concepcion Chile 
Jan 24
Eddie Collins, Willie Keeler & George Sisler elected to Hall of Fame 
Jan 24
Spanish government moves to Figueras 
Jan 25
Earthquake hits Chillan Chile, 10,000 killed 
Jan 25
Joe Louis KOs John Henry Lewis in 1 for heavyweight boxing title 
Jan 26
Federal Hall National Monument established 
Jan 26
Filming begins on "Gone With the Wind" 
Jan 26
Franco conquers Barcelona 
Jan 27
First flight of the Lockheed P-38 Lightning. 
Jan 30
Hitler threatens the Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag (parliament) 
Jan 30
Heavy after shocks destroy some of Chile 
Feb 4
Glenn Cunningham (top miler) says 4-min mile beyond human effort 
Feb 6
Spanish government flees to France 
Feb 9
Belgian Spaak government falls 
Feb 14
Victor Fleming replaces George Cukor as director of Gone With the Wind 
Feb 15
German battleship Bismarck was launched 
Feb 15
Lillian Hellman's "Little Foxes," premieres in NYC 
Feb 17
Katwijk soccer team forms 
Feb 18
Golden Gate International Exposition opens on Treasure Island 
Feb 21
Belgian government of Pierlot forms 
Feb 22
Netherlands recognizes Franco regime in Spain 
Feb 23
Lou Thesz beats E Marshall in St Louis, to become wrestling champ 
Feb 23
11th Academy Awards - "You Can't Take It With You," Spencer Tracy & Bette Davis wins 
Feb 24
Roy Harris' 3rd Symphony, premieres in Boston 
Feb 25
1st Anderson bomb shelter in Britain erected in an Islington garden 
Feb 27
Belgian government of Pierlot falls 
Feb 27
English Spook house Borley Rectory destroyed in a fire 
Feb 27
France recognizes Franco's regime in Spain 
Feb 27
Supreme Court outlaws sit-down strikes 
Feb 28
Great-Britain recognizes Franco-regime in Spain 
Feb 28
The first issue of Serbian weekly magazine Politikin zabavnik is published. 
Feb 28
The erroneous word "Dord" is discovered in the Webster's New International Dictionary, Second Edition, prompting an investigation. 
Mar 1
Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump exploded at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94. 
Mar 2
Eugenio Pacelli chosen as Pope Pius XII 
Mar 2
Massachusetts Legislature votes to ratify the US Bill of Rights - 147 years late 
Mar 3
In Mumbai (Bombay), Mohandas Gandhi begins to fast in protest against autocratic rule in India. 
Mar 7
Glamour magazine begins publishing 
Mar 7
Guy Lombardo & Royal Canadians 1st record "Auld Lang Syne" 
Mar 8
Lenore Coffee & William Joyce Cowan's "Family Portrait" premieres 
Mar 10
17 villages damaged by hailstones in Hyderabad India 
Mar 12
Pope Pius XII crowned in Vatican ceremonies 
Mar 14
England draw with South Africa at Durban on the 10th day 
Mar 14
Nazi Germany dissolves Republic of Czechoslovakia 
Mar 15
Hitler occupies Bohemia & Moravia (Czechoslovakia); Slovakia independent 
Mar 16
Germany occupies Czechoslovakia 
Mar 16
Hungary annexes republic of Karpato-Ukraine 
Mar 16
NHL record 10 goals in 1 period-NY Rangers (7), NY Americans (3) & a record 26 points in the 3rd period 
Mar 17
Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945): The Battle of Nanchang between the Kuomintang and the Japanese breaks out. 
Mar 20
7,000 Jews flee German occupied Memel Lithuania 
Mar 21
Nazi-Germany demands Gdansk (Danzig) from Poland 
Mar 22
Lithuania state, forced to give Memel territory to Germany 
Mar 25
Billboard Magazine introduces hillbilly (country) music chart 
Mar 27
1st NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: U of Oregon beats OH State 46-33 
Mar 28
Dutch hunter shoots down British bombers 
Mar 28
Philip Barry's "Philadelphia Story" premieres in NYC 
Mar 28
Renaissance Big 5 win 1st pro basketball championship 
Mar 28
Spanish Civil War ends, Madrid falls to Francisco Franco 
Mar 30
The Heinkel He 100 fighter sets the world airspeed record of 463 mph. 
Mar 30
First flight of the Australian C.A.C. CA-16 Wirraway. 
Mar 31
Britain & France agree to support Poland if invaded by Germany 
Mar 31
"The Hound of Baskervilles", starring Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes and Nigel Bruce as Dr. Watson for the first time, is released 
Apr 1
US recognizes Franco government in Spain at end of Spanish civil war. Pope Pius XII congratulates Generalissimo Franco's victory in Spain 
Apr 2
6th Golf Masters Championship: Ralph Guldahl wins, shooting a 279 
Apr 4
Faisal II ascends to throne of Iraq 
Apr 5
Membership in Hitler Youth becomes obligatory 
Apr 6
Great Britain & Poland sign military pact 
Apr 6
US & UK agree on joint control of Canton & Enderbury Is (Pacific) 
Apr 7
Italy invades Albania 
Apr 8
ACV soccer team forms in Axes 
Apr 8
King Zog I of Albania flees 
Apr 9
Marian Anderson sings before 75,000 at Lincoln Memorial 
Apr 10
Colijn's Dutch government opens camp Westerbork for German Jews 
Apr 10
Grens mobilization due to Italian invasion in Albania 
Apr 11
Hungary leaves League of Nations 
Apr 13
W Saroyan's "My Heart's in the Highlands" premieres in NYC 
Apr 13
In India, the Hindustani Lal Sena (Indian Red Army) is formed and vows to engage in armed struggle against the British. 
Apr 14
John Steinbeck novel "The Grapes of Wrath" published 
Apr 15
Albert Lebrun elected president of France 
Apr 16
Stalin requests British, French & Russian anti-nazi pact 
Apr 16
Stanley Cup: Boston Bruins beat Toronto Maple Leafs, 4 games to 1 
Apr 17
Joe Louis KOs Jack Roper in 1 for heavyweight boxing title 
Apr 17
SN Behrman's "No Time for Comedy" premieres in NYC 
Apr 17
Stalin signs British-France-Russian anti-Nazi pact 
Apr 18
Franz von Papen becomes German ambassador in Turkey 
Apr 18
Hubert Pierlot forms Belgian government 
Apr 19
43rd Boston Marathon won by Ellison Brown of RI in 2:28:51.8 
Apr 19
Connecticut finally approves Bill of Rights (148 years late) 
Apr 20
Ted Williams' 1st hit (off of Yankee Red Ruffing) a double 
Apr 23
1st performance of Béla Bartok's 2nd Concerto for violin 
Apr 23
Boston Red Sox Ted Williams hits his 1st HR 
Apr 28
Hitler claims German-Polish non-attack treaty still in effect 
Apr 29
Whitestone Bridge connecting Bronx & Queens opens 
Apr 30
New York World's Fair opens 
Apr 30
NBC/RCA 1st public TV demo with FDR at opening of NY World's Fair 
Apr 30
Tropicana ballet of Havana, Cuba, forms 
May 1
Batman comics hit street 
May 1
Pulitzer Prize awarded to Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings (Yearling) 
May 2
Lou Gehrig ends 2,130 consecutive game streak, Yanks beat Tigers 22-2 
May 3
The All India Forward Bloc is formed by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. 
May 5
Flash floods kill 75 in Northeast Kentucky 
May 6
1st performance of Honegger/Claudel's "Jeanne d'Arc Ouch B-cher" 
May 6
65th Kentucky Derby: James Stout aboard Johnstown wins in 2:03.4 
May 7
Germany & Italy announced an alliance known as the Rome-Berlin Axis 
May 9
Catholic church beatified the 1st Native American, Kateri Tekakwitha 
May 13
65th Preakness: George Seabo aboard Challedon wins in 1:59.8 
May 13
SS St Louis departs Hamburg with 937 Jews fugitives 
May 14
Lina Medina becomes the world's youngest confirmed mother in medical history at the age of five. 
May 16
1st AL night game, Phila Shribe Park (Indians 8, Athletics 3 in 10) 
May 16
Food stamps are 1st issued 
May 17
1st sports telecast-Columbia vs Princeton-college baseball 
May 19
Churchill signs British-Russian anti-Nazi pact 
May 20
"3 Little Fishies" by Kay Kyser swam to #1 
May 20
1st regular transatlantic airmail (Pan Am: NY to Marsseille France) 
May 22
Hitler & Benito Mussolini sign "Pact of Steel" 
May 23
British parliament plans to make Palestine independent by 1949 
May 23
Dmitri Shostakovitch appointed professor at conservatory of Leningrad 
May 23
Hitler proclaims he wants to move into Poland 
May 23
Submarine Squalis sank off Portsmouth NH, 26 die 
May 23
Submarine USS Squalus sinks in the Gulf of Maine, drowning 26 men immediately. The 33 remaining crew are rescued from a depth of 243 ft (74 m) by divers using newly developed heliox air systems to prevent the cognitive impairment usually associated with deep dives. The rescue divers are later awarded the Medal of Honor for their bravery. 
May 25
Carl Storck becomes 2nd NFL president 
May 30
Indianapolis 500: Wilbur Shaw wins in 4:20:47.412 (185.131 km/h) 
Jun 1
1st boxing match to be televised, Lon Nova defeats Max Baer 
Jun 1
1st night game at Phil's Shribe Park (Pirates 5, Phillies 2) 
Jun 1
British submarine "Thetis" sinks in Liverpool Bay with all 99 aboard 
Jun 1
Retired German Col-gen Gerd von Runstedt returns to service 
Jun 3
71st Belmont: James Stout riding Johnstown wins in 2:29.6 
Jun 3
Beer Barrel Polka hits #1 on the pop singles chart by Will Glahe 
Jun 6
NY Giants beat Reds 17-3, with 5 HRs in 4th inning 
Jun 6
NY supreme court justice J F Crater legally declared dead 
Jun 7
George VI & Elizabeth become the 1st king & queen of Britain to visit USA 
Jun 7
Cleve Indians sets AL record of 16 inning game without striking out, however lose game 5-4 to NY Yankees 
Jun 10
MGM cartoon character Barney Bear debuts 
Jun 11
King & Queen of England taste 1st "hot dogs" at FDR's party 
Jun 12
43rd US Golf Open: Byron Nelson shoots a 284 at Phila CC in Phila 
Jun 12
Baseball Hall of Fame opens in Cooperstown NY 
Jun 12
Shooting begins on Paramount Pictures' Dr. Cyclops, the first horror film photographed in three-strip Technicolor. 
Jun 17
Last public guillotining in France. Eugen Weidmann, a convicted murderer, is guillotined in Versailles outside the prison Saint-Pierre. 
Jun 20
Test flight of 1st rocket plane using liquid propellants 
Jun 21
NY Yankees announce Lou Gehrig's retirement after doctors reveal he has amyotrophic lateral sclerosis 
Jun 22
Princes (future Queen) Elizabeth meets future husband Prince Philip of Greece (Midshipman Mountbatten, RN) 
Jun 23
Bronko Nagurski beats Lou Thesz in Houston, to become wrestling champ 
Jun 23
France turns over Sanjak of Alexandretta (Hatay) to Turkey 
Jun 23
US Congress establishes US Coast Guard Reserve (renamed US Coast Guard Auxiliary 1941) as uniformed volunteer units supporting the Coast Guard 
Jun 24
Pan Am's 1st US to England flight 
Jun 27
1st night game at Cleveland Municipal Stadium (Indians 5, Tigers 0) 
Jun 27
Brooklyn Dodgers tie Boston Braves, 2-2, in 23 innings 
Jun 27
Headley scores a cricket century in each innings v England at Lord's 
Jun 28
Joe Louis TKOs Tony Galent in 4 for heavyweight boxing title 
Jun 28
Pan Am opens southern route transatlantic air service (Dixie Clipper) 
Jun 28
Yanks hit 13 HRs, sweep A's 23-2 & 10-0 
Jun 29
4th Dutch government of Colijn falls 
Jun 29
Dixie Clipper completes 1st commercial plane flight to Europe 
Jun 30
Heinkel He 176 rocket plane flies for 1st time, at Peenemunde 
Jul 3
Ernst Heinkel demonstrates 800 kph (500 mph) rocket plane to Hitler 
Jul 3
Lou Gehrig day; Gehrig makes "luckiest man" speech 
Jul 4
Red Sox Jim Tabor hits 2 grand slams in 1 game 
Jul 4
Yankees retire 1st uniform (Lou Gehrig #4), 1st Old Timers Day 
Jul 6
German Nazis close last Jewish enterprises 
Jul 7
52nd Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Alice Marble beats Kay Stammers (62 60) 
Jul 7
74th British Golf Open: Dick Burton shoots a 290 at St Andrews 
Jul 8
59th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Bobby Riggs beats E Cooke (2-6 8-6 3-6 6-3 6-2) 
Jul 9
A meeting of 6,000 Indians, held at the Indian Sports Ground in Johannesburg South Africa, launch the Passive Resistance Campaign against apartheid and racial policy in South Africa 
Jul 11
7th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 3-1 at Yankee Stadium, New York NY Yankee/AL maanager Joe McCarthy starts 6 Yankees 
Jul 13
Frank Sinatra makes his recording debut 
Jul 15
Clara Adams (NYC) is 1st woman to complete round world flight 
Jul 17
22nd PGA Championship: Henry Picard at Pomonok CC Flushing NY 
Jul 19
Dr Roy P Scholz is 1st surgeon to use fiberglass sutures 
Jul 22
Jane Bolin becomes the 1st African American female judge (NY) 
Jul 25
5th & last Dutch government of Colijn, forms 
Jul 25
NY Yankee Atley Donald sets AL rookie record with 12 consecutive win 
Jul 26
Yankee catcher Bill Dickey hits 3 consecutive HRs 
Jul 28
5th Dutch government of Colijn falls 
Jul 30
Belgium Sylvere Maes wins 33rd Tour de France 
Aug 2
Hatch Act prohibits political activity by federal workers 
Aug 3
Jean Genet's "Ondine" premieres in Paris 
Aug 6
1st broadcast of "Dinah Shore Show" on NBC-radio 
Aug 10
2nd Dutch De Geer government forms (1st with Social Democrats) 
Aug 11
Sergei Rachmaninovs last appearance in Europe 
Aug 13
Yankees set AL shutout margin with 21-0 victory over A's 
Aug 13
Sabotage suspected in crash of 'City of San Francisco' 
Aug 14
1st night games at Comiskey Park (White Sox 5, Browns 2) 
Aug 15
First night game at baseball's Comiskey Park, Sox beat Browns 5-2 
Aug 15
13 Stukas dive into the ground during a disastrous air-practice at Neuhammer. No survivors. 
Aug 15
"The Wizard of Oz", premieres at Grauman's Chinese Theatre, Hollywood, stars Judy Garland (Dorothy), Ray Bolger (Scarecrow), Jack Haley (Tin Man), Bert Lahr (Cowardly Lion), Frank Morgan (Wizard), Billie Burke (Glinda), and Margaret Hamilton (Wicked Witch). 
Aug 17
"Wizard of Oz" opens at Loew's Capitol Theater in NY 
Aug 19
37.6 cm rainfall at Tuckerton, NJ (state record) 
Aug 20
1st black bowling league formed (National Bowling Assoc) 
Aug 20
Russian offensive under General Zjoekov against Japanese invasion in Mongolia 
Aug 22
Dutch border guards take positions for German invasion 
Aug 22
Premier De Geer recalls Dutch holidaymakers in Black Forest 
Aug 23
John Cobb (Britain) drives 365.85 MPH (593.48 KPH) at Bonneville Flats 
Aug 23
Molotov-Ribbentrop pact: Eastern Europe divided between Hitler & Stalin 
Aug 23
USSR & Germany sign a non-agression pact 
Aug 24
Germany & USSR sign 10-year non-aggression pact 
Aug 26
1st major league baseball telecast-Reds beat Bkln Dodgers (W2XBS NY) 
Aug 26
Belgium mobilizes 
Aug 26
Croatia gets autonomous status 
Aug 27
Erich Warsitz makes first jet-propelled flight (in a Heinkel He-178) 
Aug 27
Heinkel He-178 makes first manned flight with rocket/jet propulsion 
Aug 27
Nazi Germany demands Danzig & Polish corridor 
Aug 27
Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands receives German ambassador Grave Zech 
Aug 28
Gen Bernard Montgomery ("Monty") becomes commander of 3rd "Iron" Infantry division 
Aug 28
Netherland mobilizes 
Aug 28
Sammy Fain/Jack Yellen's musical "George White's Scandals" premieres 
Aug 29
Chaim Weizmann informs England that Palestine Jews will fight in WW II 
Aug 30
6th NFL Chicago All-Star Game: NY Giants 9, All-Stars 0 (81,456) 
Aug 30
General Reijnders appointed supreme commander of Dutch army 
Aug 30
Isoroku Yamamoto appointed supreme commander of Japanese fleet 
Aug 30
NY Yankee Atley Donald pitches a baseball a record 94.7 mph (152 kph) 
Aug 30
Poland mobilizes 
Aug 31
Japanese invasion army driven out of Mongolia 
Aug 31
Staged "Polish" assault on radio station in Gleiwitz 
Sep 1
Hitler orders extermination of mentally ill 
Sep 1
Last day of 1st-class cricket in England for 6 years 
Sep 1
Physical Review publishes 1st paper to deal with "black holes" 
Sep 1
Switzerland proclaims neutrality 
Sep 1
WW II starts, Germany invades Poland, takes Danzig 
Sep 1
Gen George Marshall sworn in as the United States Army Chief of Staff 
Sep 1
The Wound Badge for Wehrmacht, SS, Kriegsmarine, and Luftwaffe soldiers is instituted. The final version of the Iron Cross was also instituted on this date. 
Sep 1
Switzerland mobilizes its forces and the Swiss Parliament elects Henri Guisan to head the Swiss Army (an event that can happen only during war or mobilization). 
Sep 3
German submarine U-30, commanded by Oberleutnant Fritz-Julius Lemp, sinks British passenger ship SS Athenia; 117 people die, among them 28 Americans 
Sep 3
Yanks beat Red Sox on a forfeit, their 4th forfeit win 
Sep 3
WWII: Britain declares war on Germany after invasion of Poland. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada 
Sep 4
Dutch 2nd Chamber affirms Neth's in a State of War 
Sep 4
German troops move into Danzig 
Sep 4
Netherlands & Belgium declare neutrality 
Sep 4
Mir, a Nazi ghetto in occupied Poland, is exterminated 
Sep 4
RAF bombs Wilhelmshafen 
Sep 5
34th Davis Cup: Australia beats USA in Haverford (3-2) 
Sep 5
FDR declares US neutrality at start of WW II in Europe 
Sep 5
New Zealand Prime Minister, Michael Joseph Savage declares New Zealand's support for Britain in the war with Germany; Savage famously told the nation 'where she goes, we go. Where she stands,we stand' 
Sep 6
1st German air attack on Great Britain in WW II 
Sep 6
South Africa declares war on Nazi-Germany 
Sep 6
World War II: The Battle of Barking Creek. 
Sep 7
Radio NY Worldwide-WRUL begins radio transmission 
Sep 8
FDR declares "limited national emergency" due to war in Europe 
Sep 8
Gen Von Reichenau's panzer division reaches suburbs of Warsaw 
Sep 8
Indians Bob Feller, 20, is youngest pitcher to win 20 games 
Sep 8
Yanks beat Red Sox 4-1 in 7, game called because of lightning 
Sep 9
Nazi army reaches Warsaw 
Sep 10
Canada declares war on Germany 
Sep 10
Canada, under the leadership of Mackenzie King, declares war on Germany 
Sep 11
Battle of Kutno-pocket: Germans advance to Warsaw 
Sep 11
British submarine Triton torpedoes British submarine Oxley 
Sep 11
Iraq & Saudi Arabia declare war on nazi-Germany 
Sep 13
First (tethered) flight of the Vought-Sikorsky VS-300, one of the first viable American helicopters, flown by Igor Sikorsky 
Sep 14
British fleet attacks German U-39 boat 
Sep 14
First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill visits Scapa Flow, Orkney 
Sep 16
53rd US Womens Tennis: Alice Marble beats Helen Hull Jacobs (6-0 8-10 6-4) 
Sep 16
59th US Mens Tennis: Robert L Riggs beats S Welby van Horn (64 62 64) 
Sep 16
NY Yankees clinch their 11th & 4th successive pennant 
Sep 17
German U-29 sinks British aircraft carrier Courageous, 519 die 
Sep 17
Poland's president Moscicki & PM Slawoj-Skladkowski flee to Romania 
Sep 17
Russia invades Eastern Poland, takes 217,000 Poles prisoner 
Sep 17
Soviet Union invades Poland during WW II 
Sep 17
Taisto Mäki becomes the first man to run the 10,000 metres in under 30 minutes, in a time of 29:52.6 
Sep 18
Polish government of Moscicki flees to Romania 
Sep 18
William Joyce's first Nazi propaganda broadcast. 
Sep 19
British Expeditionary Force reaches France 
Sep 19
Lord Haw-Haw (William Joyce) becomes radio host of Reichsrundfunk Berlin 
Sep 19
Wehrmacht (German regular army) murders 100 Jews in Lukov Poland 
Sep 20
British navy captures German U-27 boat 
Sep 20
Joe Louis KOs Bob Pastor in 11 for heavyweight boxing title 
Sep 21
Reinhard Heydrich meets in Berlin to discuss final solution of Jews 
Sep 23
Cookie Lavagetto goes 6 for 6-Dodgers get 27 hits & beat Phillies 22-4 
Sep 25
German Luftwaffe strikes Warsaw with (fire)bombs 
Sep 25
Versailles Peace Treaty forgot to include Andorra, so Andorra & Germany finally sign an official treaty ending WW I 
Sep 26
German seaplane shoots KLM-aircraft (1 killed) 
Sep 27
Warsaw Poland, surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance 
Sep 27
White Sox host 1st "day-night" doubleheader, lose to Cleve, 5-2 & 7-5 
Sep 28
Estonia accepts Soviet military bases 
Sep 28
Final broadcast of The Fleischmann Hour was heard on radio 
Sep 28
Soviet-German treaty agree on 4th partition of Poland (WW II) & gives Lithuania to USSR, last Polish troops surrender 
Sep 30
1st televised college football game (Fordham vs Waynesburg at NYC) 
Sep 30
41 U-boats sunk this month (153,000 ton) 
Sep 30
Germany & Russia agree to partition Poland 
Sep 30
White Sox reliever Clint Brown sets record of 61st relief appearance 
Sep 30
Britain first evacuates citizens in anticipation of war. 
Oct 1
Churchill calls Soviets "riddle wrapped in a mystery inside an enigma" 
Oct 1
After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile forces entered the city. 
Oct 2
Birdbaths installed in Union Square, SF 
Oct 3
Lemmer-Urk Dike closes 
Oct 4
Last Polish troops surrender 
Oct 6
Adolf Hitler denies he intends to go to war against France & Britain 
Oct 6
Hitler announces plans to regulate Jewish problem 
Oct 6
Last Polish army is defeated in World War II. 
Oct 8
Germany annexes Western Poland 
Oct 8
NY Yankees sweep Reds in 36th World Series, 4th straight WS win 
Oct 11
Albert Einstein informs FDR of possibilities of atomic bomb 
Oct 11
Bucky Harris signs to manage Washington again 
Oct 11
Gertrude Lawrence's "Skylark" premieres in NYC 
Oct 11
NAACP organized Legal Defense & Education Fund 
Oct 14
BMI (Broadcast Music Incorporated) formed 
Oct 14
German U-47 sinks British battleship HMS Royal Oak, 833 killed 
Oct 14
Sugar rationed in Netherlands 
Oct 15
LaGuardia Airport opens in NYC 
Oct 15
Yeshiva of Mir closes after 124 years 
Oct 16
Sugar rationing begins in Netherlands 
Oct 17
"Mr. Smith Goes to Washington", starring Jimmy Stewart and Jean Arthur, is released 
Oct 18
R Rodgers & Lorenz Harts "Too Many Girls," premieres in NYC 
Oct 19
Hermann Goering begins plunder through Nazi's occupied areas 
Oct 20
"All the Things You Are" recorded by Tommy Dorsey Orch 
Oct 20
Pope Pius XII publishes his 1st encyclical Summi pontificatus 
Oct 22
1st TV NFL game-Eagles vs Dodgers 
Oct 24
Benny Goodman records "Let's Dance" 
Oct 24
Joe DiMaggio wins AL MVP, Jimmie Foxx is runner-up 
Oct 24
Nazi require wearing of Star of David by Jews 
Oct 24
Nylon stockings go on sale for first time (Wilmington, Delaware) 
Oct 25
George Kaufman/Moss Hart's "Man Who Came to Dinner" premieres in NYC 
Oct 25
William Saroyan's "Time of Your Life" premieres in NYC 
Oct 26
Polish Jews forced into obligatory work service 
Oct 28
Anti-German demonstrations/strikes in Czechoslovakia 
Oct 28
Spitfire shoots German Heinkel-111 down above Scotland 
Oct 29
Golden Gate International Exposition closes (1st closure) 
Oct 29
NHL Babe Seibert Memorial Game: All-Stars beat Montreal 5-3 
Oct 30
USSR & Germany agree on partitioning Poland, Hitler deports Jews 
Oct 30
German U boat fails on attack of English battleship Nelson with Winston Churchill, Dudley Pound & Charles Forbes aboard 
Oct 31
27 U boats sunk this month (135,000 ton) 
Nov 1
First animal conceived by artificial insemination (rabbit) displayed 
Nov 1
First jet plane, Heinkel He 178, demonstrated to German Air Ministry 
Nov 1
Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Sertum laetitiae 
Nov 3
Clare Booth's "Margin for Error" premieres in NYC 
Nov 4
1940 Olympics awarded to Helsinki, Finland 
Nov 4
First air conditioned automobile (Packard) exhibited, Chicago, Illinois 
Nov 4
US allows "cash & carry" arms sales during WW II 
Nov 6
WGY-TV (Schenectady, NY), 1st coml TV station, begins service 
Nov 6
WRGB TV channel 6 in Schenectady-Alby-Troy, NY (CBS) 1st broadcast 
Nov 6
World War II: 'Sonderaktion Krakau' - a Nazi operation against academics in Kraków, Poland 
Nov 8
Failed assassination attempt on Hitler in Burgerbraukeller, Munich 
Nov 8
H Lindsay & R Crouse' "Life with Father" premieres in NYC 
Nov 9
"Ninotchka," with Greta Garbo premieres 
Nov 9
Nobel for physics awarded to Ernest O Lawrence (cyclotron) 
Nov 9
Venlo-incident: German Abwehr kills 2 English agents 
Nov 11
Kate Smith first sings Irving Berlin's "God Bless America" 
Nov 12
Jews in Lodz Poland ordered to wear yellow star of David 
Nov 14
Oil refinery fire kills 500 & destroys Lagunillas, Venezuela 
Nov 15
Anti-German demonstrations in Czechoslovakia 
Nov 15
FDR lays cornerstone of Jefferson Memorial in Wash DC 
Nov 15
Nazis begin mass murder of Warsaw Jews 
Nov 15
US Social Security Administration approves 1st unemployment check 
Nov 16
Al Capone freed from Alcatraz jail 
Nov 16
German U-boat torpedoes tanker Sliedrecht near Ireland 
Nov 17
German U-boat torpedoes passenger ship 
Nov 17
Jerome Kern/Hammerstein II's "Very Warm for May" premieres in NYC 
Nov 17
The Rome-Rio de Janeiro air connection is created. 
Nov 18
Neth KNSM passenger ship Simon Bolivar hits German mine, 86 die 
Nov 19
Don Lash wins 6th straight AAU cross-country 10K championship 
Nov 22
Bugsy Siegel, Whitey Krakower, Frankie Carbo and Albert Tannenbaum kill Harry "Big Greenie" Greenberg outside his apartment after Greenberg had threatened to become a police informant 
Nov 23
Nazi Gov of Poland Hans Frank requires Jews to wear a blue star 
Nov 26
4 soviet soldiers killed on Finnish-Russian border 
Nov 27
Maxwell Anderson's "Key Largo" premieres in NYC 
Nov 28
Hans Frank, Nazi Governor-General of Poland, organizes Judenrat 
Nov 28
Soviet government revokes Russian-Finnish non-aggression treaty 
Nov 29
Cor Klint swims world record 200 m backstroke (2:38.8) 
Nov 29
USSR drops diplomatic relations with Finland 
Nov 30
21 U boats sunk this month (52,000 ton) 
Nov 30
Paul Osborn's "Mornings at 7" premieres in NYC 
Nov 30
USSR invades Finland, bombs Helsinki 
Dec 1
SS-Fuhrer Himmler begins deportation of Polish Jews 
Dec 2
British Imperial Airways & British Airways merge to form BOAC 
Dec 2
NY's La Guardia Airport began operations as an airliner from Chicago lands, 1 minute after midnight 
Dec 3
Dmitri Shostakovich's 6th Symphony premieres 
Dec 6
5th Heisman Trophy Award: Nile Kinnick, Iowa (HB) 
Dec 6
Cole Porter's musical "Du Barry was a Lady" premieres in NYC 
Dec 7
Lou Gehrig, 36, is elected to Baseball's Hall of Fame 
Dec 7
William Walton's violinist concert premieres in Cleveland 
Dec 9
27th Grey Cup: Winnipeg Blue Bombers defeats Ottawa Rough Riders, 8-7 
Dec 9
Russian air raid on Helsinki 
Dec 10
Green Bay Packers win NFL championship, beat NY Giants 27-0 
Dec 10
KNVB celebrates 50th anniversary 
Dec 11
New anti Jewish measurements in Poland, proclaimed 
Dec 12
Russ Indigirka capsizes in blizzard off Japanese coast; 750 die 
Dec 13
Battle of the River Plate - 3 British cruisers vs German pocket battleship Graf Spee 
Dec 14
Soviet Union attacks Finland-League of Nations drops Soviet Union 
Dec 15
"Gone With the Wind" premieres in Atlanta 
Dec 15
1st commercial manufacture of nylon yarn, Seaford, Delaware 
Dec 15
Snip departs for 1st flight to Paramaribo/Curacao 
Dec 16
Bradman scores 251* SA v NSW, 271 minutes, 38 fours 2 sixes 
Dec 17
German pocket battleship Graf Spee scuttled by its crew off Uruguay 
Dec 18
Finnish army recaptures Agläjärvi 
Dec 19
Russian air & ground attack against Finnish positions near Summa 
Dec 20
Radio Australia begins overseas shortwave service 
Dec 21
Hitler named Adolf Eichmann leader of "Referat IV B" 
Dec 22
125 die in train wreck at Magdeburg Germany 
Dec 22
Bradman scores 138 in South Australia's 7-821 v Queensland 
Dec 22
Finnish counter offensive at Petsamo 
Dec 22
99 die in 2nd wreck at Friedrichshafen Germany 
Dec 23
Finnish counter offensive at Summa 
Dec 23
South Australia score 7-821 against Queensland 
Dec 24
World War II: Pope Pius XII makes a Christmas Eve appeal for peace. 
Dec 25
Grimmett & Ward rip through Qld except Bill Brown (156) 
Dec 25
Montgomery Ward introduces Rudolph the 9th reindeer 
Dec 26
Earthquake in East Anatolia Turkey 
Dec 26
Mine strikes in Borinage Brussels 
Dec 27
1st American skimobiles (North Conway, NH) 
Dec 27
Between 20,000 & 40,000 die in magnitude 8 quake in Erzincam Turkey 
Dec 29
First flight of the Consolidated B-24 Liberator bomber prototype 
Dec 30
Bradman scores 267 SA v Vic, world record 34th double cricket century 
Dec 30
O'Reilly takes 14-45 (8-23 & 6-22) as NSW crush Qld in 2 days 
Dec 30
"Of Mice and Men", starring Burgess Meredith as George Lon Chaney Jr. as Lennie, is released 
Dec 31
25 U boats sunk this month (81,000 ton) 
Dec 31
Dutch national debt hits ƒ4,218,553,180.99 
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