Today in History - Historical Events - 1914

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Notable Historical Events - 1914

1914Balt Orioles' (IL) owner Jack Dunn offers Babe Ruth, Ernie Shore & Ben Egan for $10,000 to Connie Mack, who refuses, pleading poverty

1914Benito Mussolini leaves Italy's socialist party

191420th US Golf Open: Walter Hagen shoots a 290 at Midlothian CC Ill

1914First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill orders British Grand Fleet to Scapa Flow

1914The Indian Relief Act, passes after a protracted period of Passive Resistance led by Gandhi; it abolishes a £3 tax imposed on Indians who had not renewed their indentures and recognizes "the validity of Indian customary marriages"

1914Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip at 10.45, the casus belli of WWI

1914Boston Red Sox purchase Babe Ruth from Baltimore Orioles

1914An Indian mass meeting in Durban unanimously endorse the agreement between General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters

1914A male servant of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright sets fire to the living quarters of the architect's Wisconsin home, Taliesin, murders seven people and burns the living quarters to the ground.

1914Irving Berlin's musical "Watch your Step" premieres in NYC

19141st patent for liquid-fueled rocket design granted (Robert Goddard)

1914Babe Ruth debuts as a pitcher for Boston Red Sox, he beats Cleve 4-3

1914George Bernard Shaw's "Pygmalion" premieres

1914German assault at Dinant: Lt Charles de Gaulle (24), injured

1914Honus Wagner is 2nd to get 3,000 hits

1914After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilizations in response to Austria; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims

1914In accordance with the understanding reached by General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, 60 passive resistance prisoners are released from the Pietermaritzburg Prison; 40 passive resisters are released in Durban, 8 in Newcastle and 11 in Port Elizabeth

1914Babe Ruth's 1st professional game (as a pitcher) is a 6-hit 6-0 win

1914Walter Johnson accepts money from Federal League Chicago Whales Clark Griffith threatens to take Johnson to court

1914Connie Mack sells Eddie Collins to the White Sox

1914Gandhi leaves South Africa after successfully leading campaigns of Passive Resistance

1914Mahatma Gandhi's 1st arrest after campaigning for Indian rights in South Africa

1914The Gandhi-Smuts Agreement is reached between Gen. J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi,regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters

1914Henry Ford introduces an assembly line for Model T

1914Charlie Chaplin debuts "The Tramp" in "Kid Auto Races at Venice"

1914Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany declares war on his nephew Tsar Nicholas II (WW I) of Russia in WWI

1914Connie Mack asks waivers on Jack Coombs, Eddie Plank & Chief Colby

1914US President Woodrow Wilson issues "Proclamation of Neutrality"

1914First Lord of the Admiralty (British Minister of Navy) Winston Churchill orders British fleet to remain

1914Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der Bogen des Odysseus," premieres in Berlin

1914 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
1st scheduled airline flight, St Petersburg-Tampa (Tony Jannus pilot) 
Jan 1
Klaas ter Laan becomes Neth's 1st socialist mayor (Zaandam) 
Jan 1
Northern & Southern Nigeria united in British colony of Nigeria 
Jan 2
Philips installs research dept in Eindhoven 
Jan 3
Kelman/Cushing/Heath' musical "Sari," premieres in NYC 
Jan 5
Ford Motor Co wages jump from $2.40/9-hr day to $5.00/8-hr day 
Jan 6
Stock brokerage firm of Merrill Lynch founded 
Jan 7
1st steamboat passes through Panama Canal 
Jan 10
1st edition of Hague's Post under SF van Oss, published 
Jan 10
Oscar Mathisen skates world record 500 m in 43.7 sec in Oslo 
Jan 10
Yuan Shih-k'ai, president of the new Chinese republic, dissolves parliament and prepares a constitution of his own design: he will set himself up as dictator, preparatory to an attempt to make himself emperor 
Jan 13
IWW-leader/songwriter Joe Hill arrested "Girl from Utah" East-Prussia 
Jan 14
Henry Ford introduces an assembly line for Model T 
Jan 14
The Gandhi-Smuts Agreement is reached between Gen. J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi,regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters 
Jan 16
Writer Maksim Gorki returns to Russia 
Jan 17
Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der Bogen des Odysseus," premieres in Berlin 
Jan 20
The first group of Transvaal Indian women satyagrahis are released from Pietermaritzburg Prison in South Africa after three months imprisonment 
Jan 22
Paul Claudel's "L'échange," premieres in Paris 
Jan 24
Opera "Madeleine," premieres in NYC 
Jan 25
An Indian mass meeting in Durban unanimously endorse the agreement between General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi regarding voluntary registration, poll tax, recognition of Indian marriages and other matters 
Jan 26
600 Dutch textile workers go on strike 
Jan 26
Vatican puts Belgian Nobel winner Maeterlinck's works in their index 
Jan 27
A petition is written and submitted by the black and coloured women of the Orange Free State, an independent Boer sovereign republic in southern Africa, against the carrying of passes by women 
Jan 28
1st Millrose Games (athletics) held (NYC) 
Jan 28
Beverly Hills, Ca, is incorporated 
Feb 1
NY Giants & Chicago White Sox play an exhibition baseball game in Egypt 
Feb 1
Pennsylvania State Board of [motion picture] censors appointed 
Feb 1
Tanganyika Railway opens 
Feb 2
James Royce Shannon's musical "Shameen Dhu," premieres in NYC 
Feb 4
US Congress approves Burnett-anti-immigration law 
Feb 7
Charlie Chaplin debuts "The Tramp" in "Kid Auto Races at Venice" 
Feb 7
Steel work completed on Exposition (Civic) Auditorium, SF 
Feb 8
General Zamon becomes president of Haiti 
Feb 10
In accordance with the understanding reached by General J.C. Smuts and Mahatma Gandhi, 60 passive resistance prisoners are released from the Pietermaritzburg Prison; 40 passive resisters are released in Durban, 8 in Newcastle and 11 in Port Elizabeth 
Feb 12
Dedication ceremony for the about to be constructed Lincoln Memorial in Washington DC 
Feb 13
American Society of Composers, Authors & Publishers-ASCAP forms in NYC 
Feb 14
High Council of Labor forms in Hague Netherlands 
Feb 16
1st airplane flight from LA to SF 
Feb 19
Riccardo Zandonai's opera "Francesco da Rimini," premieres in Turin 
Feb 21
White Wolf troops attack Zhanjiang China 
Feb 21
In a secret meeting of civil and military leaders, Russian Foreign Minister Sazonov convinces them to support a plan for seizing the straits, controlled by Turkey, that block access to the Mediterranean 
Feb 24
Frank Craven's "Too Many Cooks," premieres in NYC 
Feb 26
New York Museum of Science & Industry incorporated 
Feb 26
HMHS Britannic, sister to the Titanic, is launched at Harland & Wolff, Belfast. 
Feb 28
Construction begins on Tower of Jewels for the Exposition (SF) 
Mar 1
Dutch Minister of war H Colijn named director of British Petroleum 
Mar 1
The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union. 
Mar 7
Prince Wilhelm von Wied becomes King of Albania 
Mar 9
Henry Colijn appointed as director of Bataafsche Petroleum Co 
Mar 9
US Sen Albert Fall (Teapot Dome) demands "Cubanisation of Mexico" 
Mar 10
Suffragettes in London damage Rokeby's painting Venus of Velasquez 
Mar 14
Serbia & Turkey sign peace treaty 
Mar 18
White Wolf gang beats government army in Jingdezhen China 
Mar 19
Stanley Cup: Tor Blueshirts (NHA) sweep Vict Capitals (PCHA) in 3 game 
Mar 20
1st international figure-skating tournament held in US, New Haven 
Mar 21
US Ladies' Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld 
Mar 21
US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Norman M Scott 
Mar 22
World's 1st airline, St Petersburg Tampa Airboat Line, begins 
Mar 27
1st successful blood transfusion (in Brussels) 
Apr 1
UVS Soccer team forms in Lead 
Apr 4
"Perils of Pauline" shown for 1st time in LA 
Apr 8
US & Colombia sign a treaty concerning Panama Canal Zone 
Apr 9
"World, the Flesh & the Devil", 1st color film, shown in London 
Apr 9
Tampico incident - US ship crew arrested in Mexico 
Apr 9
US President W Wilson refuses to recognize Huerta as President of Mexico on the ground that he has not been elected by the people 
Apr 11
George Bernard Shaw's "Pygmalion" premieres 
Apr 11
Mexican President Huerta breaks off diplomatic relations with the US 
Apr 13
1st Federal League Game: Balt Terrapins beat Buffalo 3-2 
Apr 14
Stacy G Carkhuff patents non-skid tire pattern 
Apr 20
18th Boston Marathon won by James Duffy of Canada in 2:25:01.2 
Apr 20
33 killed by soldiers during mine strike in Ludlow, Colo 
Apr 20
US President W Wilson, having dispatched more naval ships to Mexico, asks a joint session of Congress to approve armed force if necessary; Congress approves 
Apr 21
US marines occupy Vera Cruz, a major Mexican port; they will stay for 6 months 
Apr 22
Babe Ruth's 1st professional game (as a pitcher) is a 6-hit 6-0 win 
Apr 24
A shipment of 35,000 rifles and 5 million rounds of ammunition are landed at Larne for the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF, an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland 
Apr 25
US President W Wilson is persuaded by the ABC powers - Argentina, Brazil, and Chile - to accept mediation in the conflict with Mexico 
Apr 27
Honduras becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty. 
Apr 28
181 die in coal mine collapse at Eccles WV 
May 1
China's 1st president Yuan Shikai wins dictatorial qualification 
May 6
British House of Lords rejects women's suffrage 
May 7
US Congress establishes mother's day 
May 9
40th Kentucky Derby: John McCabe aboard Old Rosebud wins in 2:03.4 
May 9
US President Wilson proclaims Mother's Day 
May 9
J.T. Hearne becomes the first bowler to take 3000 first-class wickets. 
May 14
Chic Jim Scott no-hits Cleve, gives up 2 hits in 10th & loses 1-0 
May 15
Henri Rabaud's opera "Marouf, Savetier de Caire" premieres in Paris 
May 15
Bolivia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty. 
May 15
US Colonel Edward House sails for Europe to persuade major powers to reduce armies and navies; from Germany, House reports: 'Everybody's nerves are tense; it only needs a spark to set the whole thing off' 
May 16
American Horseshoe Pitchers Association organizes in Kansas City 
May 16
Ewing Field baseball park opens near Masonic Street, San Francisco. Relocated a year later. 
May 21
39th Preakness: Andy Schuttinger aboard Holiday wins in 1:53.8 
May 21
Greyhound Bus Co begins in Minnesota 
May 25
British House of Commons passes Irish Home Rule Bill 
May 29
Ship rams Canadian ship Empress of Ireland on St Lawrence River; 1,024 die 
May 30
The new and then largest Cunard ocean liner RMS Aquitania, 45,647 tons, sets sails on her maiden voyage from Liverpool, England to New York City. 
May 30
Indianapolis 500: René Thomas wins in 6:03:45.060 (132.729 km/h) 
May 31
Chicago White Sox Joe Benz no-hits Cleve Indians, 6-1 
Jun 2
Glenn Curtiss flies his Langley Aerodrome 
Jun 6
1st air flight out of sight of land (Scotland to Norway) 
Jun 8
34.7°F (1.5°C) in De Bilt, Netherlands 
Jun 9
Honus Wagner is 2nd to get 3,000 hits 
Jun 13
28th US Womens Tennis: Mary K Browne beats Marie Wagner (6-2 1-6 6-1) 
Jun 13
Eleftherios Venizelos annouces that Greece intends to annex Chios and Mytilene, two large islands off the Turkish coast; Greece and Turkey have been heading towards conflict for months over claims to Aegean islands 
Jun 19
54th British Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 306 at Prestwick Club 
Jun 20
46th Belmont: Merritt Buxton aboard Luke McLuke wins in 2:20 
Jun 24
King Peter I of Serbia names son Alexander the Prince-regent 
Jun 26
The Indian Relief Act, passes after a protracted period of Passive Resistance led by Gandhi; it abolishes a £3 tax imposed on Indians who had not renewed their indentures and recognizes "the validity of Indian customary marriages" 
Jun 27
Jack Johnson beats Frank Moran in 20 for heavyweight boxing title 
Jun 27
US signs treaty of commerce with Ethiopia 
Jun 28
Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria and his wife Sophie are assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip at 10.45, the casus belli of WWI 
Jun 29
Jina Guseva attempts to assassinate Grigori Rasputin at his home town in Siberia. 
Jun 30
Mahatma Gandhi's 1st arrest after campaigning for Indian rights in South Africa 
Jul 1
Gen. J.B.M. Hertzog founds the Free State National Party 
Jul 4
1st US motorcycle race (300 miles, Dodge City Ks) 
Jul 4
31st Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothea Chambers beats E Larcombe (7-5 6-4) 
Jul 4
38th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Norman Brookes beats A Wilding (6-4 6-4 7-5) 
Jul 5
Boston Braves are 15 games back in NL, & win World Series 
Jul 5
Germany offers Austria war aid to fight against Russia in Serbia 
Jul 7
Balt Orioles' (IL) owner Jack Dunn offers Babe Ruth, Ernie Shore & Ben Egan for $10,000 to Connie Mack, who refuses, pleading poverty 
Jul 9
1st US duplicate auction bridge championship held, Lake Placid, NY 
Jul 10
Boston Red Sox purchase Babe Ruth from Baltimore Orioles 
Jul 11
Babe Ruth debuts as a pitcher for Boston Red Sox, he beats Cleve 4-3 
Jul 14
1st patent for liquid-fueled rocket design granted (Robert Goddard
Jul 14
NL's Boston Braves start climb from last place to world series sweep 
Jul 15
Mexican president Huerta flees with 2 million pesos to Europe 
Jul 16
Socialist conference in Brussels (Kautsky, Trotski & Rosa Luxemburg) 
Jul 17
Giants outfielder Red Murray is knocked unconscious by lightning after catching a flyball, ending 21 inning game, Giants win 3-1 
Jul 18
US army air service 1st comes into being, in Signal Corps 
Jul 18
Gandhi leaves South Africa after successfully leading campaigns of Passive Resistance 
Jul 19
Boston Braves begin drive from last to 1st place in NL 
Jul 20
Armed resistance against British rule begins in Ulster 
Jul 23
Austria-Hungary presents an ultimatum to Serbia; that A-H demands acceptance within 48 hours make peacekeeping difficult 
Jul 25
Germany Socialist-Democrat Party declares: "No German blood for Austrian tyrant" in response to German support of Austria-Hungary 
Jul 25
Last day of club cricket for W G Grace at age 66: he made 69 runs 
Jul 25
Serbia meets the deadlines of Austria-Hungary's ultimatum and gives a conciliatory reply, though Serbia is mobilizing 
Jul 26
First Lord of the Admiralty (British Minister of Navy) Winston Churchill orders British fleet to remain 
Jul 26
For the next two days, the foreign ministries and leaders of major states work feverishly to avert war 
Jul 26
Irish Volunteers unload a shipment of 1,500 rifles and 45,000 rounds of ammunition arrived from Germany aboard Erskine Childers' yacht the Asgard; British troops fire on jeering crowd on Bachelors Walk, Dublin, killing three citizens 
Jul 27
Roda JC soccer team forms in Kerkrade 
Jul 27
Felix Manalo registers the Iglesia ni Cristo with the Filipino government. 
Jul 28
Foxtrot 1st danced at New Amsterdam Roof Garden (NYC, by Harry Fox) 
Jul 28
First Lord of the Admiralty Winston Churchill orders British Grand Fleet to Scapa Flow 
Jul 28
Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia - first decalation of war of WWI 
Jul 29
In response to Austria's declaration of war on Serbia, Russian diplomats and general urge general mobilization, but the Tsar calls for partial mobilization 
Jul 29
1st transcontinental phone link made between NYC & SF 
Jul 29
Austrian-Hungary bombs Belgrade 
Jul 29
British fleet leaves Portland/passes Straits of Dover 
Jul 29
Russia mobilize troops along Austrian boundary 
Jul 29
The Austrians bombard Belgrade in Serbia 
Jul 30
Austrian-Hungary & Russia proclaim general mobilization 
Jul 30
French troops withdraw 10 km from German border 
Jul 30
John French appointed British supreme commander 
Jul 30
After initial reluctance, Tsar Nicholas II of Russia is persuaded to decree a general mobilizations in response to Austria; 'Think of the thousands and thousands of men who will be sent to their deaths!' he claims 
Jul 31
German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize 
Jul 31
Oil discovered in Lake of Maracaibo 
Aug 1
British fleet reaches Scapa Flow 
Aug 1
Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany declares war on his nephew Tsar Nicholas II (WW I) of Russia in WWI 
Aug 1
France & Germany mobilize their troops at outbreak of WWI 
Aug 1
Trois Vierges: German 69th infantry regiment enters Luxembourg on outbreak of WWI 
Aug 2
Belgian government receives German ultimatum 
Aug 2
German press falsely reports that French bombed Nuremberg 
Aug 2
German troops overthrows Luxembourg 
Aug 2
Germany & Turkey sign secret treaty of alliance 
Aug 2
Great Britain mobilizes 
Aug 2
Postdam Conference ended 
Aug 2
Russian troops invade Eastern Prussia 
Aug 2
Sherlock Holmes Adventure "His Last Bow" takes place 
Aug 3
1st seaworthy ship passes through the Panama Canal 
Aug 3
Belgium rejects demand to allow free crossing for German army 
Aug 3
French fleet sails to North Africa 
Aug 3
German battle cruiser Goeben leaves Messina 
Aug 3
Germany invades Belgium & declares war on France in WW I 
Aug 3
World Alliance for Promoting International Friendship through Churches forms 
Aug 3
Yankee catcher Nunamaker throws out 3 would be stealers in 1 inning 
Aug 4
WWI: German army shoots Belgian priests and burns down village of Battice 
Aug 4
German fleet under admiral Souchon fire on Algerian coast 
Aug 4
WWI: Germany declares war on Belgium; Britain declares war on Germany 
Aug 4
WWI: King Albert I becomes Supreme Commander of Belgian army after German declaration of war 
Aug 4
WWI: Field Marshal Lord Kitchener becomes British Minister of War after British declaration of war on Germany 
Aug 4
US declares neutrality on the outbreak of WWI 
Aug 5
1st traffic light installed in USA (Euclid Ave & E 105th St, Cleveland) 
Aug 5
Cuba, Uruguay, Mexico & Argentina proclaim neutrality in WW I 
Aug 5
Dutch Cort Van de Linden government issues silver bonds as money 
Aug 5
Massive German assault on forts around Liège 
Aug 5
Montenegro declares war against Austria-Hungary in World War I 
Aug 5
US and Nicaragua sign treaty granting canal rights to US 
Aug 5
Westerschelde leaves due to German invasion in Belgium 
Aug 6
WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia 
Aug 6
WWI: French cavalry enters Belgium 
Aug 6
WWI: German Zeppelin bombs Liege, 9 killed 
Aug 6
WWI: Serbia declares war against Germany 
Aug 6
Denis Patrick Dowd Jr. enlists in the French Foreign Legion, becoming the first American to fight in World War I. 
Aug 7
Engagement between British cruiser HMS Gloucester and German cruisers SMS Breslau and SMS Goeben off Greece 
Aug 7
French government awards King Albert of Belgium the Great Cross 
Aug 7
French troops under Gen Bonneau occupy Altkitrch at Elzas 
Aug 7
German army occupies city of Liege, Belgium 
Aug 7
Lord Kitchener says "Your country needs you" poster spreads over UK 
Aug 7
Russia invades East Prussia 
Aug 8
3rd pole expedition Ernest Shackleton "Endurance" 
Aug 8
French troops under Gen Bonneau occupy Mulhouse at Elzas 
Aug 8
Montenegro declares war on Germany 
Aug 9
German U-15 was sunk by the British cruiser, H.M.S. Birmingham 
Aug 10
At Liege, German 12"/16.5" guns reach Belgian boundary 
Aug 10
German battle cruiser Goeben reaches Dardanellen/Turkey joins Germany 
Aug 10
German troops reconquer Mulhouse in Elzas 
Aug 10
WWI: French fall back at Alsace 
Aug 11
France declares war on Austria-Hungary 
Aug 11
Jews are expelled from Mitchenick Poland 
Aug 11
John Wray patents animation 
Aug 11
Mitchenick Poland, expels Jews 
Aug 12
Cavalry battle at Halen, Belgium ("Battle of the Silver Helmets") 
Aug 12
German 16.5"/12" guns fires on forts round Liege 
Aug 12
Great Britain declares war on Austria-Hungary 
Aug 12
Russian troops take East-Prussia & occupy Marggrabowa 
Aug 13
-14] German army occupies forts at Liege 
Aug 13
Carl Wickman begins Greyhound, the 1st US bus line, in Minnesota 
Aug 13
France declares war on Austria-Hungary 
Aug 14
British field marshal John French & Gen Wilson land in France 
Aug 15
13th Davis Cup: Australasia beats USA in New York (3-2) 
Aug 15
Dinant Belgium destroyed by German bombs 
Aug 15
German assault at Dinant: Lt Charles de Gaulle (24), injured 
Aug 15
Japan joins side of allies 
Aug 15
Panama Canal opens (under cost) 
Aug 15
A male servant of American architect Frank Lloyd Wright sets fire to the living quarters of the architect's Wisconsin home, Taliesin, murders seven people and burns the living quarters to the ground. 
Aug 15
The first large public gathering of Boers in South Africa who do not want to support Britain in a war against Germany; British authorities will try to repress this movement, but discontent spreads 
Aug 15
US Secretary of State William Jennings Bryan, in a letter to J P Morgan, declares that loans to any of the belligerents go against US neutrality 
Aug 16
German army occupies last fort at Liege, Belgian general Leman caught 
Aug 16
Zapata & Pancho Villa over run Mexico 
Aug 16
World War I: Battle of Cer begins. 
Aug 17
French troops under gen de Castelnau occupy Chateau Salins 
Aug 17
Lithuiana surrenders to Germans 
Aug 18
Oscar Egg sets new cycling hour record (44,247 km) 
Aug 18
-20] Belgian army withdraws to Antwerp 
Aug 18
French troops under general Dubail occupy Sarrebourg 
Aug 18
US President Woodrow Wilson issues "Proclamation of Neutrality" 
Aug 19
Elmer Rice' "On Trial" premieres in NYC 
Aug 19
German army executed 150 Belgians by firing squad 
Aug 19
German fleet bombs English coast 
Aug 19
Harris Theater (Candler, Coan & Harris) opens at 226 W 42nd St NYC 
Aug 19
In a message to the Senate, US President Wilson urges the American people to be 'neutral in fact as well as name' 
Aug 20
German General von Bulow executes 211 Belgians 
Aug 20
-24] Battle of Bounderies: Lorraine, Ardennen, Sambre & Meuse, Mons 
Aug 20
Battle at Gumbinnen, East-Prussia: Russians beat Germans 
Aug 20
Battle at Morhange: German troops chase French, killing thousands 
Aug 20
Bavarian troops kill 50 inhabitants of Nomeny, France 
Aug 20
German army captured Brussels as the Belgian army retreated to Antwerp 
Aug 21
20th US Golf Open: Walter Hagen shoots a 290 at Midlothian CC Ill 
Aug 21
Belgium: German troops occupy Tamines 
Aug 21
French offensive in the Ardennen/Sambre 
Aug 22
Battle at Charleroi begins: Gen von Bulows troops beat French 
Aug 22
1st encounter between British & German troops (in Belgium) 
Aug 22
Battle in Ardennen: Neufchateau, Rossignal, Tintigny & Virton 
Aug 22
Canada's Finance Act, 1914, receives assent 
Aug 22
General Martos' troops occupy Soldau/Neidenburg East Prussia 
Aug 22
German troops execute 384 inhabitants of Tamines Belgium 
Aug 22
Von Ludendorff & von Hindenburg move into East Prussia enroute to Russia 
Aug 23
-24] German troops plunder Belgium 
Aug 23
Battle at Mons: general von Klucks troops beat Britten 
Aug 23
Gen von Hausen executes 612 inhabitants of Dinant Belgium 
Aug 23
Japan declares war on Germany in World War I 
Aug 24
Battle at Bergen: Germans defeat Belgian/British troops 
Aug 24
German troops occupy Namur, Belgium 
Aug 24
Jerome Kern & Michael E Rourles musical premieres in NYC 
Aug 25
-26] Belgian offensive at Antwerp 
Aug 25
Belgium: German army begins 6 week plundering of Leuven, Belgium 
Aug 25
German Zeppelins bomb Antwerp, Belgium, 10 die 
Aug 25
German troops march into France and push French army to the Sedan 
Aug 26
-9/10] Russian army attacks Austrian army in Galicia 
Aug 26
Battle of Tannenberg (WWI) - 8th German army defeats Russian Narev army 
Aug 27
Second day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): Germans bombard Usdau 
Aug 27
US war reporter Richard H Davis visits Leuven 
Aug 28
Third day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): violent German/Russian battles 
Aug 28
Battle of Helgoland: British fleet beats German, 1,100 killed 
Aug 28
British General John French evacuate Amiens 
Aug 29
4th day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): Russian Narev-army panics, Gen Martos caught 
Aug 29
Arizonian is 1st vessel to arrive in SF via Panama Canal 
Aug 29
Battle of St Quentin: French counter attack under General Lanrezac 
Aug 29
New Zealand force capture German Samoa 
Aug 30
1st German plane bombs Paris, 2 killed 
Aug 30
Battle of Tannenberg (WWI) ends in destruction of Russian 2nd Narev army ca. 170,000 killed or injured 
Aug 31
24.8 cm rainfall at Bloomingdale, Michigan (state record) 
Aug 31
General von Kluck decides not to attack Paris 
Aug 31
German troops reconquer Soldau/Neidenburg East-Prussia 
Aug 31
Ecuador becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty. 
Sep 1
34th US Men's Tennis: R Norris W III beats M E McLoughlin (6-3 8-6 10-8) 
Sep 1
Lord Kitchener arrives in Paris 
Sep 1
St Petersburg, Russia changes name to Petrograd 
Sep 1
Von Gluck's army meets up with British expeditionary army 
Sep 1
The last passenger pigeon, a female named Martha, dies in captivity in the Cincinnati Zoo. 
Sep 2
-3] Gen von Hausen & countess of France regime flees to Bordeaux 
Sep 2
The US Treasury Department establishes the Bureau of War Risk Insurance to provide up to $5 million worth of insurance for merchant ships and their crews 
Sep 3
British expeditionary army/general Lanrezacs army attack the Marne 
Sep 3
Cardinal Giacome della Chiesa becomes Pope Benedict XV 
Sep 3
French troops vacate Rheims 
Sep 3
Prince Wilhelm von Wied leaves Albania 
Sep 3
Lemburg capital of Galicia, is taken after a three-day battle in which the Russians rout the Austrians 
Sep 4
General von Moltke ceases German advance in France 
Sep 4
France, Russia, and Britain agree in a Pact of London that none will make a separate peace 
Sep 5
US President Wilson orders the US Navy to make its wireless stations accessible for any transatlantic communications - even to German diplomats sending coded messages; this will lead to the interception of the Zimmermann telegram, helping to bring the US into the war 
Sep 5
- till the 12th Sept Battle of Marne (WWI) begins French and British forces prevent German forces advancing on Paris 
Sep 5
French headquarters move to Chatillon-sur-Seine 
Sep 5
Gr Britain/France/Belgium/Russia sign pact of London 
Sep 5
Proclamation prohibits Canadian mint from issuing gold coins 
Sep 7
NY Post Office Building opens to public 
Sep 8
HMS (formerly RMS) Oceanic, sister ship of RMS Titantic, sinks off Scotland 
Sep 8
Private Thomas Highgate becomes the first British soldier to be executed for desertion during WW1 
Sep 9
-12] Belgian offensive from Antwerp 
Sep 9
Boston Brave George Davis no-hits Philadelphia Phillies, 7-0 
Sep 9
World War I: The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army. 
Sep 9
Meeting held at Gaelic League headquarters between Irish Republican Brotherhood and other extreme republicans; initial decision made to stage an uprising while Britain is at war 
Sep 11
William Christopher Handy publishes "St Louis Blues" 
Sep 11
Australia invades New Britain, defeating a German contingent there. 
Sep 12
Yankee shortstop Roger Peckinpaugh, 23, becomes youngest manager 
Sep 14
German staff-of-chief Helmut von Moltke replaced by Erich von Falkenhayn 
Sep 14
German troops withdraw from Aisne/invent trenches 
Sep 15
Battle of Aisne begins between Germans & French during WW I 
Sep 15
US Marines march out of Vera Cruz, Mexico 
Sep 17
Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time. 
Sep 18
Battle of Aisne ends with Germans beating French during WW I 
Sep 18
Gen Paul von Hindenburg named commander of German armies on Eastern Front 
Sep 18
Irish Home Rule bill receives Royal assent 
Sep 18
South African troops land in German South West Africa 
Sep 19
Brooklyn's Ed Lafitte no-hits KC (Federal League), 6-2 
Sep 20
John Redmond urges Irish Volunteers to enlist in the British Army 
Sep 22
1 German submarine sinks 3 British ironclads, 1,459 die 
Sep 22
Louis Botha, premier of the Union of South Africa, assumes command of the armed forced after having dismissed General Beyers because of his resistance to aiding British in the war against Germany 
Sep 23
Reds drop their 19th straight game, then beat Boston Braves 
Sep 26
Federal Trade Commission formed to regulate interstate commerce 
Sep 26
Germans arrest A Max, mayor of Brussels 
Sep 27
Cleveland 2nd baseman Nap Lajoie collects his 3,000th hit 
Sep 28
German forces move into Antwerp Belgium (WW I) 
Sep 29
Boston Braves, who were in last place in mid-July, clinch NL pennant 
Oct 1
The Prince of Asir, the southern region of Arabia, rises in revolt against the Turks; his actions will inspire other Arab leaders to revolt 
Oct 1
The first division of Canadian troops, 33,000 sail for Britain; most Canadians are volunteers, anxious to prove their loyalty to the Commonwealth 
Oct 4
Dardanellen (French & English) fleet bombs Turkish forts 
Oct 5
World War I first aerial combat resulting in a kill. 
Oct 6
The Russians fall back along the Eastern Front in Poland and Galicia 
Oct 9
German troops take Antwerp in World War I 
Oct 10
German forces route Belgians in Antwerp Belgium (WW I) 
Oct 11
German troops occupy Gent 
Oct 12
1st battle at Ypres begins 
Oct 13
Belgian regime forms at St Adresse at Le Havre 
Oct 13
Boston Braves sweep Phila A's, 1st sweep in World Series history 
Oct 13
Garrett Morgan invents & patents gas mask 
Oct 13
Pro-German Boers begin opposition to British authority in South Africa 
Oct 14
German troops occupy Brug 
Oct 15
ASCAP (American Society of Composers, Authors & Publishers) founded 
Oct 15
Battle of Warsaw, begins (ends Oct 21) 
Oct 15
Clayton Anti-trust Act passed (union & strike rights) 
Oct 18
The Schoenstatt Movement is founded in Germany. 
Oct 19
US post office 1st used an automobile to collect & deliver mail 
Oct 21
Battle of Warsaw ends with German defeat 
Oct 27
British battleship Audacious sunk by mine 
Oct 28
German battle cruiser Goeben enters Black Sea 
Oct 28
Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, founded at Howard University, incorporates 
Oct 29
Turkish warships storm Black Sea 
Oct 30
Allied offensive at Ypres (Belgium), aka 'Wipers', begins 
Oct 31
Great Britain & France declare war on Turkey 
Nov 1
Connie Mack asks waivers on Jack Coombs, Eddie Plank & Chief Colby 
Nov 1
German-British naval battle at Coronel, Chile 
Nov 1
Pope Benedictus Xv's encyclical Ad beatissimi, against integrity 
Nov 1
Von Hindenburg named marshal of Eastern front 
Nov 2
Great Britain annexes Cyprus 
Nov 2
Great Britain declares the entire North Sea a military area: neutral ships will transit it at their own risk 
Nov 2
V Herbert & H Blossoms "Only Girl" premieres in NYC 
Nov 2
Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire 
Nov 4
Vogue holds 1st model show ("Fashion Fete", NYC) 
Nov 5
Britain declares war on Turkey and annexes Cyprus, occupied since 1878; the immediate reason is to keep it from being taken by Turkey 
Nov 6
The British land troops (mostly from the Indian Army) at the head of the Persian Gulf in Mesopotamia, and will begin to move westward in an attempt to draw Turkish troops from other fronts 
Nov 7
Japanese attack German concession on Chinese peninsula of Shanghai 
Nov 7
The first issue of The New Republic magazine is published. 
Nov 7
The German colony of Kiaochow Bay and its centre at Tsingtao are captured by Japanese forces. 
Nov 9
Off Cocos Island, near Sumatra, the Australian cruiser 'Sydney' sinks German cruiser 'Emden', which has been attacking ships in the Pacific 
Nov 12
Turks sultan Jamal Pasja declares a German holy war 
Nov 14
Billy Mallett of Hamilton Tigers kicks 10 singles in a game 
Nov 15
Italian socialist Benito Mussolini founds newspaper Il Populo d'Italia 
Nov 16
Federal Reserve System formally opens 
Nov 16
Pope Benedict XV calls for peace 
Nov 17
US declares Panama Canal Zone neutral 
Nov 20
US State Department starts requiring photographs for passports 
Nov 21
Billy Mallett of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game 
Nov 21
British army conquerors Bazra 
Nov 22
Ypres, Belgium, burned by German bombing 
Nov 22
Indian troops take Basra in Mesopotamia 
Nov 23
The US Army retreats from Mexico. 
Nov 24
Benito Mussolini leaves Italy's socialist party 
Nov 24
Dutch Overseas Trustmaatschappij (NOT) forms 
Nov 26
Battleship HMS Bulwark explodes at Sheerness Harbour, England, 788 die 
Nov 27
1st British woman elected political agent (Grantham, Linconshire) 
Nov 28
World War I: Following a war-induced closure in July, the New York Stock Exchange re-opens for bond trading. 
Dec 2
Austria army occupies Belgrade Serbia 
Dec 3
Dutch army opens fire on interned Belgian soldiers: 8 killed 
Dec 4
Walter Johnson accepts money from Federal League Chicago Whales Clark Griffith threatens to take Johnson to court 
Dec 5
6th CFL Grey Cup: Toronto Argonauts defeats U of Toronto, 14-2 
Dec 5
The Italian Parliament proclaims the neutrality of the country. 
Dec 6
German troops over run Lodz 
Dec 8
British & German fleets battle at Falkland Island 
Dec 8
Connie Mack sells Eddie Collins to the White Sox 
Dec 8
Irving Berlin's musical "Watch your Step" premieres in NYC 
Dec 8
Boers rebelling against the British have recently suffered several defeats; today, one of their leaders, General Beyers, accidently drowns 
Dec 10
French government returns to Paris 
Dec 11
Stockton Street Tunnel (SF) completed 
Dec 12
The largest one-day percentage drop in the history of Dow Jones Industrial Average, down 24.39%. 
Dec 14
Lisandro de la Torre and others found the Democratic Progressist Party (Partido Demócrata Progresista, PDP) at the Hotel Savoy, Buenos Aires. 
Dec 15
Battle of Lodz ends; Russians retreat toward Moscow 
Dec 15
British fleet forfeits chance to destroy German fleet in North Sea 
Dec 15
Serbian troops retake Belgrade in Austria-Hungary 
Dec 16
French offensive in Artois (Pétain) 
Dec 16
World War I: German battleships under Franz Von Hipper bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough. 
Dec 17
Austrian troops beat Russians in Limanova Poland 
Dec 17
Great Britain declares Egypt a protectorate 
Dec 17
Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv by Turkish authorities 
Dec 21
"Tillie's Punctured Romance" 1st six-reel feature comedy debuts 
Dec 21
1st feature-length silent film comedy "Tillie's Punctured Romance" released. (Marie Dressler, Mabel Normand & Charles Chaplin) 
Dec 21
2,800 African miners strike at the Van Rhyn Deep mines in a bid to redress some of their grievances 
Dec 23
World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt. 
Dec 24
German plane drops bombs on Dover England 
Dec 25
Legendary "Christmas Truce" takes place on the battlefields of WWI b/w British & Germans troops - gifts exchanged and football played 
Dec 26
The US Government protests British interference with American merchant ships at sea, but this same day the German announce they will treat food as contraband, subject to seizure; this will weaken America's protest 
Dec 28
Turks are repulsed by the Russians after fighting in Armenia for weeks 
Dec 31
Colonel Jacob Ruppert & Cap Huston purchase NY Yankees for $460,000 
Dec 31
As the year ends, the world finds itself engulfed in a war that would have seemed like and unimaginable nightmare only six months before 
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