Today in History - Historical Events - 1912

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Notable Historical Events - 1912

1912Alfred Wegener, geophysicist and meteorologist, presents his controversial theory of continental drift in a lecture at a the Geological Association (Geologischen Vereinigung) at the Senckenberg-Museum, Frankfurt.

1912Ty Cobb rushes a heckler at a NY Highlander game & is suspended

1912Progressive (Bull Moose) Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for pres

1912The Chicago national Republican Convention splits between President Taft and Theodore Roosevelt; after Taft is nominated, Roosevelt and progressive elements of the Party form the Progressive Party (also known as the 'Bull Moose Party')

1912NYC ticker tape parade for Jim Thorpe & victorious US Olympians

1912Robert Scott's diary & body found in Antarctica

1912Robert Scott expedition arrives at South Pole, 1 month after Amundsen

1912AL Pres Ban Johnson tells Tigers if they continue protest of Ty Cobb's suspension, they will be banned from baseball

1912Capt Robert Scott, storm-bound in a tent near South Pole, makes last entry in his diary "the end cannot be far"

1912Gopal Krishna Gokhale, at invitation of Gandhi, arrives in South Africa on a 26-day tour; he also visits Tolstoy Farm

1912Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low

1912Woodrow Wilson (D) defeats Theodore Roosevelt (Prog) & President Taft (R)

1912 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
1st running of SF's famed "Bay to Breakers" race (7.63 miles/12.3 km) 
Jan 1
Sun Yat-sen forms Chinese Republic 
Jan 1
The Republic of China is established. 
Jan 3
South Pacific RR offers to bring Liberty Bell to Exposition, free 
Jan 3
10th Davis Cup: Australasia beats USA in Christchurch (5-0) 
Jan 4
Smallest earth-moon distance this century, 356,375 km center-to-ctr 
Jan 4
The Scout Association is incorporated throughout the British Commonwealth by Royal Charter. 
Jan 5
1st National Hockey Association game (Victoria) 
Jan 5
The Prague Party Conference takes place. 
Jan 6
New Mexico becomes 47th state 
Jan 6
Alfred Wegener, geophysicist and meteorologist, presents his controversial theory of continental drift in a lecture at a the Geological Association (Geologischen Vereinigung) at the Senckenberg-Museum, Frankfurt. 
Jan 8
Chiefs, representatives of people's and church organisations, and other prominent individuals form the African National Congress and declare its aim to bring all Africans together as one people to defend their rights and freedoms 
Jan 9
US marines invade Honduras 
Jan 10
Caillaux government in France resigns 
Jan 10
World's 1st flying boat's maiden flight, (Glenn Curtiss in NY) 
Jan 11
Bread & Roses Strike begins in Lawrence, Massachusetts 
Jan 12
-47°F (-44°C), Washta, Iowa (state record) 
Jan 13
-40°F (-40°C), Oakland, Maryland (state record) 
Jan 14
Raymond Poincaré becomes premier of France 
Jan 17
Robert Scott expedition arrives at South Pole, 1 month after Amundsen 
Jan 23
The International Opium Convention is signed at The Hague. 
Jan 29
Martial law declared in textile strike in Lawrence, MA 
Feb 2
Frederick R Law, parachutes from Statue of Liberty (stunt for Pathe) 
Feb 7
2nd Dutch 11 city skate (Coen de Koenig wins (11:40) 
Feb 8
1st eastbound US transcontinental flight lands in Jacksonville, Fla 
Feb 8
British Emissary journeys to Berlin to suggest that Britain might support German colonial aspirations in Africa if Germany agrees to hold her current naval strength 
Feb 9
US Tennis Association amends rule taking bye away from defending champion 
Feb 10
Hobbs & Rhodes make 323 cricket opening stand v Aust at MCG 
Feb 12
China adopts Gregorian calendar 
Feb 12
Last Ch'ing (Manchu) emperor of China, Hsuan T'ung, abdicates 
Feb 13
England regains the Ashes 
Feb 14
1st US submarines with diesel engines commissioned, Groton, Ct 
Feb 14
Arizona was admitted to the Union as the 48th state 
Feb 15
Fram reaches latitude 78° 41' S, farthest south ever by ship 
Feb 16
VSV soccer team forms in Ijmuiden 
Feb 20
Argentina beat the MCC in their inaugural cricket 1st-class fixture 
Feb 22
J Vedrines makes 1st airplane flight over 100 mph-161.29 kph 
Feb 25
Marie-Adélaïde, the eldest of six daughters of Guillaume IV, becomes the first reigning Grand Duchess of Luxembourg. 
Feb 26
Coal miners strike in Britain (settle on 1st March) 
Feb 27
Lord Kitchener opens Khartoum-El Obeid (Nyala) railway 
Feb 28
Victor Trumper's last Test Cricket innings c Woolley b Barnes 50 
Mar 1
Capt Albert Berry performs 1st parachute jump from an airplane 
Mar 1
Isabella Goodwin, 1st US woman detective, appointed, NYC 
Mar 5
Spanish steamer "Principe de Asturias" sinks NE of Spain, 500 die 
Mar 5
Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines. 
Mar 7
Roald Amundsen announces discovery of the South Pole 
Mar 11
1st Stanley Cup game to be played in 3 20-min periods, formerly played in 30-min halfs, Quebec beats Moncton 9-3 on way to sweep 
Mar 11
Eleftherios Venizelos, leader of the Liberal Party, wins the Greek elections again. 
Mar 12
Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low 
Mar 12
Helen Hayes Theater opens at 238 W 44th St NYC 
Mar 12
Establishment of the first football club in Bulgaria - Botev Plovdiv 
Mar 13
Stanley Cup: Quebec Bulldogs sweep Moncton (NB) in 2 games 
Mar 13
Bulgaria and Serbia conclude an alliance pact ostensibly against Austria, but it secretly provides for a possible war against Turkey 
Mar 14
King Vittorio Emanuel III of Italy injured in an assassination attempt 
Mar 15
Pitcher Cy Young retires from baseball with 511 wins 
Mar 16
Mrs William Howard Taft plants 1st cherry tree in Wash DC 
Mar 17
Camp Fire Girls organization announced by Mrs Luther Halsey Gulick 
Mar 22
Agnes Martin, Macklin Canada, Canadian-American abstract painter 
Mar 23
Dixie Cup invented 
Mar 27
1st Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Wash DC 
Mar 29
Capt Robert Scott, storm-bound in a tent near South Pole, makes last entry in his diary "the end cannot be far" 
Mar 30
French protectorate in Morocco established 
Apr 1
Greek athlete Konstantinos Tsiklitiras breaks the world record -in standing long jump jumping 3.47 metres. 
Apr 2
Sun Yet Sen forms Guomindang Party in China 
Apr 2
Titanic undergoes sea trials under its own power 
Apr 4
Army fires on striking mine workers at Lena-gold fields Siberia 
Apr 4
Chinese republic proclaimed in Tibet 
Apr 6
Electric starter 1st appeared in cars 
Apr 8
Steamers collide in Nile, drowning 200 
Apr 9
1st exhibition baseball game at Fenway Park (Red Sox vs Harvard) 
Apr 10
RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton for her maiden (and final) voyage 
Apr 11
RMS Titanic leaves Queenstown Ireland for NY 
Apr 11
Cornerstone of Technion in Haifa Palestine laid 
Apr 11
The British Parliament introduce a Irish home rule bill, granting Ireland its own bicameral parliament and be required to send a representative to the British House of Commons; Protestants in Ulster resist 
Apr 13
Royal Flying Corps forms (later RAF) 
Apr 14
RMS Titanic hits an iceberg at 11.40pm off Newfoundland 
Apr 15
RMS Titanic sinks at 2:27 AM off Newfoundland as band plays on 
Apr 16
Harriet Quimby becomes 1st woman pilot to cross English Channel 
Apr 16
Pirates turn a rare 5-3-7 doubleplay (left fielder covers 2nd base) 
Apr 17
1st unofficial gold record (Al Jolson's "Ragging The Baby To Sleep") 
Apr 18
The Cunard liner RMS Carpathia brings 705 survivors from the RMS Titanic to New York City. 
Apr 18
Tripolitan War: in continuing hostilities, Turkey closes the Dardanelles Straits after an Italian naval bombardment of the coastline 
Apr 19
16th Boston Marathon won by Mike Ryan of NY in 2:21:18.2 
Apr 20
Fenway Park officially opens, Red Sox beat NY Highlanders 7-6 in 11 
Apr 20
Tiger Stadium in Detroit opens, Tigers beat Cleve Indians 6-5 
Apr 26
1st homerun hit at Fenway Park (Hugh Bradley, Red Sox) 
Apr 27
Relief laws replaces those of 1854, in Netherlands 
Apr 29
108°F (42°C), Tuguegarao, Philippines (Oceania record) 
Apr 29
Frank Wedekind's "Tod und Teufel" premieres in Berlin 
May 1
Amsterdam-North soccer team DWV forms 
May 1
Beverly Hills Hotel opens 
May 4
Italian mariners occupy Turkish Island of Rhodes 
May 5
5th Olympic games open at Stockholm, Sweden 
May 5
Soviet Communist Party newspaper Pravda begins publishing (4/22 OS) 
May 7
Columbia University approves plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize in several categories The award is established by Joseph Pulitzer 
May 8
Film and television production/distribution studio Paramount Pictures is founded 
May 11
38th Kentucky Derby: Carol H Shilling aboard Worth wins in 2:09.4 
May 13
Royal Flying Corps forms in Great Britain 
May 15
37th Preakness: Clarnence Turner on Colonel Holloway wins in 1:56.6 
May 15
Ty Cobb rushes a heckler at a NY Highlander game & is suspended 
May 18
A's beat Tigers 24-2, who use amateurs protesting Ty Cobbs suspension 
May 18
Maurits Binger establishes 2 Dutch movie companies 
May 19
AL Pres Ban Johnson tells Tigers if they continue protest of Ty Cobb's suspension, they will be banned from baseball 
May 28
Jackie Matthews takes 2 cricket hat-tricks same day Aust v South Africa 
May 29
15 young women fired by Curtis Publishing for dancing "Turkey Trot" during their lunch break 
May 30
US Marines sent to Nicaragua 
May 30
Indianapolis 500: Joe Dawson wins in 6:21:06.144 (120.060 km/h) 
May 31
US marines land on Cuba 
Jun 1
Stormvogels soccer team forms in Ijmuiden 
Jun 4
Cone of Mount Katmai (Alaska) collapses 
Jun 4
Massachusetts passes 1st US minimum wage law 
Jun 5
US marines invade Cuba (3nd time) 
Jun 6
The eruption of Novarupta in Alaska begins. It is the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th century. 
Jun 7
St Pius X encyclical "On Indians of South America" 
Jun 7
US army tests 1st machine gun mounted on a plane 
Jun 8
Carl Laemmle incorporates Universal Pictures. 
Jun 13
NY Giant Christy Mathewson wins his 300th game 
Jun 15
26th US Women's Tennis: Mary K Browne beats Eleonora Sears (6-4 6-2) 
Jun 18
The Chicago national Republican Convention splits between President Taft and Theodore Roosevelt; after Taft is nominated, Roosevelt and progressive elements of the Party form the Progressive Party (also known as the 'Bull Moose Party') 
Jun 19
Tennessee University opened as Tennessee A & L State College 
Jun 20
NY Giant Josh Devore steals 4 bases in an inning (2nd & 3rd twice) 
Jun 20
NY Giants lead Bost Braves 14-2 into 9th, Giants win 21-12 
Jun 26
Gustav Mahler's 9th Symphony premieres in Vienna 
Jul 3
NY Giant pitcher Rube Marquard ties record of 19 game win-streak 
Jul 4
Detroit Tiger George Mullen no-hits St Louis Browns, 7-0 
Jul 4
Jack Johnson TKOs Jim Flynn in 9 for heavyweight boxing title 
Jul 6
Donald Lippincott runs world record 100m (10.6) 
Jul 8
G E V Crutchley (Oxford) 99 retired measles v Cambridge 
Jul 8
Giants Rube Marquard loses after winning 21 straight 
Jul 8
29th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Ethel Larcombe beats C Sterry (6-3 6-1) 
Jul 8
36th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Anthony Wilding beats A Gore (6-4 6-4 4-6 6-4) 
Jul 10
Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record 5000m (14:36.6) 
Jul 12
1st foreign feature film exhibited in US-"Queen Elizabeth"-NYC 
Jul 14
Kenneth McArthur runs Olympic record marathon (2:36:54.8) 
Jul 15
British National Health Insurance Act goes into effect 
Jul 16
Naval torpedo launched from an airplane patents by B A Fiske 
Jul 17
IAF (Intl Amateur Athletic Federation) forms in Sweden 
Jul 18
Chicago Cubs get 21 hits but lose to Philadelphia Phillies in 11 innings 
Jul 19
A meteorite of estimated 190kg mass explodes over Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona, causing approximately 16,000 pieces of debris to rain down on the town. 
Jul 20
Phillies Sherry Magee steals home twice in 1 game 
Jul 22
5th Olympic games in Stockholm, Sweden closes 
Jul 22
In the face of ever-increasing German naval power, the British Admiralty decides to recall British warships from the Mediterranean and base them in the North Sea 
Jul 25
Comoros proclaimed a French colonies 
Jul 31
RBC soccer team forms in Roosendaal 
Jul 31
US government prohibits movies & photos of prize fights (censorship) 
Aug 2
18th US Golf Open: John McDermott shoots a 294 at CC of Buffalo NY 
Aug 5
Japan's first taxicab service begins in Ginza, Tokyo. 
Aug 7
Progressive (Bull Moose) Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for pres 
Aug 14
2,500 US marines invade Nicaragua; US remains until 1925 
Aug 15
Yankee Guy Zinn sets record by stealing home twice in a game 
Aug 19
Percy Aldridge Grainger's "Shepherd's Key" premieres 
Aug 20
Plant Quarantine Act goes into effect 
Aug 20
Wash Senator Carl Cushion no-hits Cleve Indians, 2-0 in 6 innings 
Aug 21
Mr Carter-Cotton chosen 1st chancellor of Univ of British Columbia 
Aug 22
England defeat Australia to win the Triangular Tournament 
Aug 22
Richard Catling, commissioner of police (Kenya) 
Aug 24
NYC ticker tape parade for Jim Thorpe & victorious US Olympians 
Aug 24
District of Alaska becomes an organized incorporated territory of the United States 
Aug 24
US passes Anti-gag law, federal employees right to petition government 
Aug 25
1st time an aircraft recovers from a spin 
Aug 25
Different nationalities battle with each other in Macedonia 
Aug 25
The Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, is founded. 
Aug 26
32nd US Men's Tennis: M E McLoughlin beats W F Johnson (3-6 2-6 6-2 6-4 6-2) 
Aug 26
Walter Johnson's 16-game winning streak ends 
Aug 27
Edgar Rice Burroughs publishes "Tarzan of the Apes" 
Aug 30
St Louis Brown Earl Hamilton no-hits Detroit Tigers, 5-1 
Sep 3
Arnold Schoenberg's "Funf Orchesterstucke" premieres 
Sep 4
First accident (collision) in London Underground: 22 people injured 
Sep 6
NY Giant Jeff Tesreau no-hits Phila, 3-0 
Sep 7
Eddie Collins steals record 6 bases in 9-7 Athletics win over Detroit 
Sep 9
J Verdrines becomes 1st to fly over 100 mph (107 mph/172 kph) 
Sep 11
Netherland Olympic Committee forms 
Sep 11
Phila A's Eddie Collins steals 6 bases in 1 game 
Sep 12
Dutch Olympian Committee forms (NOC) 
Sep 15
Red Sox pitcher Joe Wood ties then record of 16 straight wins 
Sep 15
War between Turkey & Montenegro breaks out in Albania 
Sep 17
Center fielder Casey Stengel breaks in with Brooklyn & hits 4 singles 
Sep 19
Pius X encyclical Singular quadam, against interconfess unions 
Sep 19
Soccer team NAC (Noad Advendo Combination) forms in Breda 
Sep 22
Eddie Collins repeats record of stealing 6 bases in a game (9/7/12) 
Sep 23
1st Mack Sennett "Keystone Comedy" movie released 
Sep 23
Mack Sennet presents 1st Keystone Cops film (Cohen Collects a Debt) 
Sep 25
Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism is founded in New York, New York. 
Sep 27
W C Handy publishes "Memphis Blues" 1st Blues Song, 1912 
Sep 28
SS Kichemaru disappears in storm off Japanese coast, 1,000 die 
Sep 29
French/British troops lands on Samoa 
Oct 1
Yanks lose game #100 en route to a 50-102 season 
Oct 2
Gopal Krishna Gokhale, at invitation of Gandhi, arrives in South Africa on a 26-day tour; he also visits Tolstoy Farm 
Oct 5
Billy Mallett of Hamilton Tigers kicks 9 singles in a game 
Oct 5
Red Sox defeat A's 3-0 for then AL record 105th win 
Oct 5
Yanks win final game at Hilltop stadium 
Oct 6
Pirates Owen "Chief" Wilson hits record 36th triple of season 
Oct 7
The Helsinki Stock Exchange sees its first transaction. 
Oct 8
Montenegro declares war on Turkey, beginning 1st Balkan War 
Oct 14
Bull Moose Teddy Roosevelt shot while campaigning in Milwaukee 
Oct 14
Cretan representatives are admitted to the Greek assembly; in doing so the Greek Government challenges the Turkish Government 
Oct 15
Red Sox Tris Speaker's makes only world series unassisted double play, from the outfield 
Oct 16
Arnold Schoenberg's "Pierrot Lunaire," premieres 
Oct 16
Boston beats NY Giants, 4 games to 3 with a tie in 9th World Series 
Oct 17
Bulgaria, Greece & Serbia declares war on Turkey 
Oct 18
The First Balkan War breaks out, with Bulgaria, Serbia, and Greece opposed to Turkey 
Oct 18
The Treaty of Lausanne ends the Tripolitan War between Turkey and Italy 
Oct 19
Tripoli (Libya) passes from Turkish to Italian control 
Oct 20
Cort Theater opens at 148 W 48th St NYC 
Oct 20
Hannes Kolehmainen runs world record marathon (2:29:39.2) 
Oct 26
Serbian troops over run Skopje (Uskup) 
Oct 26
Woolwich Tunnel under Thames opens 
Nov 5
Arizona, Kansas & Wisconsin vote for female suffrage 
Nov 5
Bulgarian troops in Constantinople blockade drinking water 
Nov 5
Woodrow Wilson (D) defeats Theodore Roosevelt (Prog) & President Taft (R) 
Nov 7
The Deutsche Opernhaus (now Deutsche Oper Berlin) opens in the Berlin neighborhood of Charlottenburg, with a production of Beethoven's Fidelio. 
Nov 9
Ferenc Molnàrs "Farkas," premieres in Budapest 
Nov 12
Robert Scott's diary & body found in Antarctica 
Nov 23
Hamilton Alerts suspended by ORFU for refusing to field a full team in a replay of a protested game 
Nov 24
Conflict in the Balkans grows into an acute international crisis with major powers supporting either Austria or Serbia 
Nov 25
American College of Surgeons incorporates in Springield, Illinois 
Nov 25
Socialist International rejects that world war is coming 
Nov 27
Albanian National Flag adopted 
Nov 27
Spanish protectorate in Morocco forms 
Nov 28
Ismail Qemali declares Albania independent from Turkey 
Nov 30
4th CFL Grey Cup: Hamilton Alerts defeats Toronto Argonauts, 11-4 
Nov 30
11th Davis Cup: British Isles beats Australasia in Melbourne (3-2) 
Dec 3
Gerrit Brinkman becomes 1st Dutch traffic officer 
Dec 3
Turkey, Serbia, Montenegro, Greece & Bulgaria sign weapons pact 
Dec 3
First Balkan War: The Naval Battle of Elli takes place. 
Dec 5
The Triple Alliance among Italy, Austria, and Germany (originally signed in 1882) is renewed for six years, beginning in 1914, a move inspired by instability in the Balkans 
Dec 6
China votes for universal human rights 
Dec 7
Bust of Queen Nefertete found in El-Amarna, Egypt 
Dec 12
R Friml/O Harbachs musical "Firefly" premieres in NYC 
Dec 16
1st US postage stamp picturing an airplane, 20 cent parcel post, issued 
Dec 16
Austria-Hungary engage in conflict with Serbia 
Dec 18
Piltdown Man, later discovered to be a hoax, is supposedly found in the Piltdown Gravel Pit, by Charles Dawson. 
Dec 20
J Hartley Manners' "Peg O' My Heart" premieres in NYC 
Dec 20
Paul Claudels "L'Annonce Faite à Marie" premieres in Paris 
Dec 21
Denmark, Norway & Sweden declare neutrality in Comende war 
Dec 23
1st "Keystone Kops" film, entitled "Hoffmeyer's Legacy" 
Dec 23
Aswan Dam in Nile begins operation 
Dec 23
In Delhi, India, terrorist agitation continues as British Viceroy Lord Hardinge is wounded by a bomb explosion 
Dec 24
Irving Fisher patents archiving system with index cards 
Dec 28
National Council of Young Israel convenes 
Dec 28
SF Municipal Railway starts operation at Geary St (MUNI) 
Dec 28
The first municipally owned streetcars take to the streets in San Francisco, California. 
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