Today in History - Historical Events - 1905

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Notable Historical Events - 1905

1905Claude Debussy's "La Mer" premieres

1905Tsar Nicholas II (Russia) and Kaiser Wilhelm II (Germany) sign the Björkö Treaty, whereby each country agrees to come to the other's defense if attacked by European powers

1905The physics journal Annalen der Physik publishes Albert Einstein's paper "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?", introducing the equation E=mc².

1905George Bernard Shaw's "Mrs Warren's Profession" premieres in NYC

1905Tiger Ty Cobb makes his debut, doubling off Yank Jack Chesbro

1905Csar Nicholas II of Russia signs a document of amnesty for the political prisoners.

1905Mistaking her husband for a burglar, Ty Cobb's mother kills him

1905Orville/Wilbur Wright's "Flyer III" flight 38.5 km in 38.3"

1905Tsar Nicolas II of Russia, unsettled by the rising violence and protest, enacts reforms to improve the conditions of workers; these changes will do little to stop disorder throughout Russia in ensuing months

1905Albert Einstein introduces his theory of relativity

1905Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to summon a 'consultative assembly' and concedes other points including an edict of religious toleration, relief for Jews, and the cancellation of certain debts

1905Wilfrid Laurier oversees Alberta and Saskatchewan joining the Confederation of Canada

1905"October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties and accepts the first Duma (Parliament)

1905james j jeffries retires as boxing champion

1905George Bernard Shaw's "Major Barbara" premieres in London

1905Gerhart Hauptmann's "Elga" premieres in Berlin

1905 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
9 hour work day for diamond miners 
Jan 2
Elara, a satellite of Jupiter, discovered by Charles Dillon Perrine in San Jose, California 
Jan 2
Japanese troops capture Port Arthur from Russia, a blow to national morale and causing further discontent within Russia 
Jan 2
The American anarcho-syndicalist union known as the Industrial Workers of the World forms. 
Jan 5
Charles Perrine announces discovery of Jupiter's 7th satellite, Elara 
Jan 5
National Association of Audubon Society, a non-profit, environmental organization dedicated to conservation, incorporates 
Jan 14
Hubbell, Shubert & Smith's musical "Fontana," premieres in NYC 
Jan 15
Coen de Koning becomes world champion all-round skater 
Jan 16
Baseball outfielder Frank Huelsman completes eighth transaction in 8 months 
Jan 16
Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Dawson City (Yukon) in 2 games Ottawa Silver 7 beats Dawson City (Yukon) 23-2 for Stanley Cup, this is most lopsided playoff game, Frank McGee scores 14 goals 
Jan 17
Punchboards patented by Charles Brewer & C G Scannell, Chicago 
Jan 18
French government of Combes falls 
Jan 20
The US begins supervision of the Dominican Republic's national and international debts, testing Roosevelt's 'Corollary' to the Monroe Doctrine 
Jan 22
In St Petersburg, Russia, a large demonstration of workers led by Father Gapon, march to the Winter Palace with a petition to the Tsar; troops fire on protesters in what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday' 
Jan 26
Arnold Schoenberg's "Pelleas und Melissande," premieres in Vienna 
Jan 26
Han Yong-woon [Bongwan, Manhae] (1879-1944) ordained a monk in Korea 
Jan 26
World's largest diamond, the 3,106-carat Cullinan, is found in South Africa 
Jan 27
Maurice Rouvier forms government in France 
Jan 29
Tsar Nicolas II of Russia, unsettled by the rising violence and protest, enacts reforms to improve the conditions of workers; these changes will do little to stop disorder throughout Russia in ensuing months 
Jan 31
1st auto to exceed 100 mph (161 kph), A G MacDonald, Daytona Beach 
Jan 31
Carroll Wright appointed 1st Commissioner of Labor, USA 
Feb 1
Hague soccer team ADO froms 
Feb 1
Hungarian premier Count István Tisza resigns 
Feb 7
Dominican Rep signs treaty turning over customs collection to US 
Feb 8
Cyclone hit Tahiti & adjacent islands, killing some 10,000 people 
Feb 11
James Blackstone, Seattle, bowls 299½-last pin breaks but stands 
Feb 11
Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Vehementer nos 
Feb 13
-29°F (-34°C) Pond, Arkansas (state record) 
Feb 13
-40°F (-40°C) Lebanon, Kansas (state record) 
Feb 13
-40°F (-40°C) Warsaw, Missouri (state record) 
Feb 15
1st race meet at Oaklawn Park (Hot Springs, Ark) 
Feb 16
1st US Esperanto club organizes in Boston 
Feb 17
Frances Willard becomes 1st women honored in National Statuary Hall 
Feb 18
Frank Wedekind's "Hidada, oder Sein und Haben," premieres in Munich 
Feb 23
Rotary Club International formed by 4 men in Chicago 
Feb 24
Simplon tunnel in Switzerland completed 
Feb 25
The Nederlands Verbond van Vakverenigingenwas, a Dutch social-democratic trade union, forms 
Mar 3
US Forest Service forms 
Mar 3
Tsar Nicholas II of Russia agrees to summon a 'consultative assembly' and concedes other points including an edict of religious toleration, relief for Jews, and the cancellation of certain debts 
Mar 4
Gerhart Hauptmann's "Elga" premieres in Berlin 
Mar 10
Japanese Army captures Mukden (Shenyang) 
Mar 11
Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 beat Rat Portage Thisles, 2 games to 1 
Mar 12
The continuing strikes and disorders that unsettle Italy force out Premier Giovanni Giolitti, though he will return in March, 1906 
Mar 24
A group of Cretans dedicated to Crete's union with Greece led by Eleutherios Venizelos, meet at the village of Therisso and proclaim a union in defiance of the Great Powers 
Mar 25
Confederate battle flags captured during the American Civil War are returned to South 
Mar 28
Paramaribo-Dam railway opens in Suriname, never used 
Mar 31
Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany visits Tangier, Morocco and proclaims Germany's support of Moroccan independence and equal opportunity for all powers to trade there 
Apr 1
British East African Protectorate becomes colony of Kenya 
Apr 1
SOS first adopted as a morse distress signal ( · · · — — — · · · ) by German government 
Apr 2
Cairo-Capetown railway opens 
Apr 4
Earthquake in Kangra India, kills 20,000 
Apr 5
James Barrie's "Alice-sit-by-the-fire" premieres in London 
Apr 6
Germany receives invitation from Sultan of Morocco to an international conference to discuss matters relating to Morocco 
Apr 12
French Dufaux brothers test helicopter 
Apr 12
Hippodrome arena opens (NYC) 
Apr 17
US Supreme court judges maximum work day unconstitutional 
Apr 17
The Supreme Court of the United States decides Lochner v. New York which held that the "right to free contract" was implicit in the due process clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution. 
Apr 19
9th Boston Marathon won by Fred Lorz of NY in 2:38:25.4 
Apr 21
The elective assembly of Crete proclaims union with Greece 
Apr 22
Operations begin uniting conservatory of Nature monument Amsterdam 
Apr 24
1st-class Cricket debut of Jack Hobbs, Surrey v Gentlemen (18 & 28) 
Apr 24
Senators execute a triple-play & beat Yankees 4-3 
Apr 25
Latest day of 1st-class cricket in an Aust season (NSW v Qld) 
Apr 25
Whites win right to vote in South Africa 
Apr 26
Cubs Jack McCarthy becomes only major league player to throw out 3 runners at plate in 1 game, all were ends of a double play 
Apr 27
World Exposition opens in Luik 
Apr 29
2" rain falls in 10 mins in Taylor, TX 
Apr 29
Pierre de Brazza lands in Libreville Gabon 
Apr 30
1st official soccer game between Belgium-Netherlands (1-4) 
May 2
French newspapers publish lists of Jules Vernes unpublished work 
May 5
Robert S Abbott published 1st issue of newspaper "Chicago Defender" 
May 8
In Russia, the Union of Unions organizes under the chairmanship of Paul Miliukov and joins liberal groups demanding parliamentary government and universal suffrage 
May 10
31st Kentucky Derby: Jack Martin aboard Agile wins in 2:100.75 
May 13
james j jeffries retires as boxing champion 
May 14
2nd official international soccer match, Netherlands beats Belgium 4-0 
May 15
Las Vegas Nevada founded 
May 15
Pierre de Brazza reaches Leopoldville 
May 17
Waseda U of Tokyo defeats LA High School 5-3 in baseball 
May 19
Tom Jenkins beats Frank Gotcha for heavyweight wrestling champ 
May 22
Royal Academy in Delft Holland becomes Technical High School 
May 24
39th Belmont: Eugene Hildebrand aboard Tanya wins in 2:08 
May 26
A pogrom against Jews in Minsk Belorussia 
May 27
30th Preakness: W Davis aboard Cairngore wins in 1:45.8 
May 27
Japanese fleet destroys Russian East Sea fleet in Straits of Tushima 
May 29
Pogrom against Jewish community in Brisk Lithuania 
May 31
Emperor Wilhelm II lands in Tanger 
Jun 1
Lewis & Clark Centennial Exposition opens in Portland, Oregon 
Jun 6
French Foreign minister Delcasse resigns on German request 
Jun 7
Norway dissolves union with Sweden (in effect since 1814) 
Jun 8
US President Roosevelt sends identical notes to Japan and Russia urging them to negotiate an to to war and offering his personal services 
Jun 10
1st forest fire lookout tower placed in operation, Greenville, Me 
Jun 11
Penns Railroad debuts fastest train in world (NY-Chicago in 18 hrs) 
Jun 13
NY Giant Christy Mathewson 2nd no-hitter, beats Chicago Cubs, 1-0 
Jun 25
Warsaw & Lodz revolt against Russian occupation 
Jun 27
Russian sailors mutiny aboard battleship "Potemkin" and sail for Odessa 
Jun 30
The crew of the Russian battleship "Georgei Pobiedonosets" mutinies in support of the "Potemkin", which mutinied three days earlier 
Jun 30
In Russia, the "Potemkin" arrives at Odessa, where sailors take the bodies of dead crewman ashore; sailors join civilians in revolutionary actions of the '1905 Revolution' 
Jun 30
Conservative Australian Prime Minister George H. Reid is forced to resign and Alfred Deakin returns to power on July 5 
Jul 1
Albert Einstein introduces his theory of relativity 
Jul 3
Kuyper government forms in Holland 
Jul 3
Marvin Hart KOs Jack Hart in 12 for heavyweight boxing title 
Jul 4
Phila A's beat Boston Red Sox 4-2 in 20 inning game 
Jul 6
Alfred Deakin becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the second time. 
Jul 7
127°F (53°C), Parker Ariz (state record) 
Jul 8
Part of Angel Island allocated for Immigration Detention Center 
Jul 8
22nd Wimbledon Women's Tennis: May Bundy beats D Chambers (6-3 6-4) 
Jul 8
29th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats N Brookes (8-6 6-2 6-4) 
Jul 8
The soldiers of the Russian ship "Potemkin" who mutinied, surrender to Rumanian authorities, who turn ship over to Russian authorities soon after 
Jul 10
Dutch Queen Wilhelmina opens Technical Hague court 
Jul 11
Black intellectuals & activists lead by WEB Dubois organize the civil rights Niagara Movement 
Jul 12
The British and Japanese renew their alliance (of January 1902)for 10 years and agree to provide mutual support if attacked by other power 
Jul 22
Phila Athletic's Weldon Henley no-hits St Louis Browns, 6-0 
Jul 24
Tsar Nicholas II (Russia) and Kaiser Wilhelm II (Germany) sign the Björkö Treaty, whereby each country agrees to come to the other's defense if attacked by European powers 
Jul 24
5th Davis Cup: British Isles beats USA in Wimbledon (5-0) 
Jul 29
US Secretary of State W.H Taft makes secret agreement with Japanese Prime Minister Katsura agreeing to let Japan have free rein in Korea in return for Japan's non-interference with the US in the Philippines 
Jul 30
Dutch Covenant of Worker's union, NVV, forms 
Jul 31
Matumbi rebellion at Samanga German East Africa 
Aug 5
First meeting of the Russian and Japanese peace commissioners takes place in US President Roosevelt's home at Oyster Bay, New York 
Aug 6
26.7 cm rainfall at Princeton, Indiana (state record) 
Aug 9
Mistaking her husband for a burglar, Ty Cobb's mother kills him 
Aug 12
King Leopold II opens Central Station Antwerp 
Aug 14
Ngindo-rebellion killed 5 RC German clergymen in East-Africa 
Aug 15
Phila A's Rube Waddell no-hits St Louis Browns, 2-0 in 5 innings 
Aug 16
Mbunga-rebellion occupy German post Ifakara East-Africa 
Aug 17
Dutch government of De Master begins 
Aug 19
Russian Tsar installs "Imperial Duma", without legislative powers 
Aug 20
Sun Yat-sen, Chinese revolutionary, forms the first chapter of T'ung Meng Hui, a union of all secret societies determined to bringing down the Manchus 
Aug 24
Chicago Cubs beat Phillies 2-1 in 20 innings 
Aug 29
Pierre de Brazza leaves Brazzaville 
Aug 30
Pogoro/Ngindo attack Fort Mahenge German East-Africa 
Aug 30
Tiger Ty Cobb makes his debut, doubling off Yank Jack Chesbro 
Aug 31
25th US Men's Tennis: Beals C Wright beats Holcombe Ward (6-2 6-1 11-9) 
Aug 31
Mbunga-rebellion takes German Fort Mahenge East-Africa 
Sep 1
Alberta & Saskatchewan become 8th & 9th Canadian provinces 
Sep 1
Wilfrid Laurier oversees Alberta and Saskatchewan joining the Confederation of Canada 
Sep 5
Lillian Mortimer's "No Mother to Guide" premieres in Detroit 
Sep 5
50 prominent men meet in Sydney's Australia Hotel to found the National Defense League fueled by fear of Japan after it's victory over Russia 
Sep 5
The Treaty of Portsmouth is signed concluding the Russo-Japanese War; US President Roosevelt will receive the Nobel Peace Prize for his role as mediator 
Sep 6
Atlanta Life Insurance Company forms 
Sep 6
Chicago White Sox Frank Smith no-hits Detroit Tigers, 15-0 
Sep 6
General Trade journal publishes 1st Dutch photo (train accident) 
Sep 8
Pittsburgh Pirates strand NL record 18 men on base & lose to Reds 8-3 
Sep 10
Japanese battleship Mikasa explodes 
Sep 14
Albert Cuypstrat street market in Amsterdam inaugurated 
Sep 14
Dutch AR-politician AWF Idenburg named governor of Suriname 
Sep 14
RAC Tourist Trophy first run on Isle of Man 
Sep 18
Electric tramline opens in Rotterdam 
Sep 20
Cleveland makes AL record 7 errors in an inning 
Sep 21
Atlanta Life Insurance Co forms 
Sep 22
11th US Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 314 at Myopia Club Mass 
Sep 22
Race riot in Atlanta Georgia (10 blacks & 2 whites killed) 
Sep 23
Mbunga-siege of Fort Mahenge German East-Africa broken 
Sep 27
1st published blues composition forms sale, WC Handy Memphis Blues 
Sep 27
Boston's Bill Dinneen no-hits Chicago White Sox, 2-0 
Sep 27
The physics journal Annalen der Physik publishes Albert Einstein's paper "Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?", introducing the equation E=mc². 
Oct 1
František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janáček to the piano composition 1. X. 1905. 
Oct 5
Orville/Wilbur Wright's "Flyer III" flight 38.5 km in 38.3" 
Oct 9
Phila A's meet Giants in World Series, Giants win 3-0 
Oct 14
NY Giants beats Phila A's, 4 games to 1 in 2nd World Series 
Oct 14
Giant's Christy Mathewson's 3rd straight World Series shutout 
Oct 15
Claude Debussy's "La Mer" premieres 
Oct 15
Union workers at NVV rejects safety demands 
Oct 16
The Partition of Bengal (India) occurred. 
Oct 20
Great General Strike in Russia begins; lasts 11 days 
Oct 20
Russian Tsar allows Polish people to speak Polish 
Oct 21
England Pilgrim Association beats All NY 11, 7-1 in soccer at Polo Grounds 
Oct 23
Edward Milton Royle's "Squaw Man" premieres in NYC 
Oct 26
First Soviet (workers' council) formed, St Petersburg, Russia 
Oct 26
Union of Sweden & Norway ends 
Oct 29
Hottentot chief Hendrik Witbooi fataly injured 
Oct 30
"October Manifesto" Russian Tsar Nicholas II grants civil liberties and accepts the first Duma (Parliament) 
Oct 30
George Bernard Shaw's "Mrs Warren's Profession" premieres in NYC 
Oct 31
Great revolutionary demonstration for amnesty in St Petersburg 
Nov 3
Csar Nicholas II of Russia signs a document of amnesty for the political prisoners. 
Nov 4
Dock strike against importing grain elevators in Rotterdam 
Nov 9
Swedish mine workers win 5 month strike for minimum wages 
Nov 10
Sailors revolt in Kronstadt, Russia 
Nov 11
High Commissioner Prince George declares amnesty for all leaders of the insurrection that has been disturbing Crete during the recent months - but which never gained mass supprt 
Nov 12
(November 12 & November 13) Norway holds a referendum in favor of monarchy over republic. 
Nov 14
David Belasco's "Girl of Golden West" premieres in NYC 
Nov 16
Neth/Russ Count Witte becomes premier of Russia 
Nov 17
The Eulsa Treaty is signed between Japan and Korea. 
Nov 18
George Bernard Shaw's "Major Barbara" premieres in London 
Nov 18
Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway 
Nov 21
1st game ever played in the Australian Tennis Open 
Nov 22
British, Italian, Russian, French & Austro-Hungarian fleet attacks Lesbos 
Nov 23
Henry Watson Furness, an Indiana physican, named minister of Haiti 
Nov 24
Moshav Hertzlia forms in Israel 
Nov 28
Arthur Griffith forms Sinn Fein in Dublin 
Dec 4
British government of Balfour resigns 
Dec 5
Henry Campbell-Bannermam (Lib) becomes UK PM 
Dec 9
French Assembly National votes for separation of church & state 
Dec 9
Richard Strauss' opera "Salome" premiers in Dresden 
Dec 11
120°F (49°C), Rivadavia, Argentina (South American record) 
Dec 11
British government of Campbell-Bannerman forms 
Dec 11
A workers uprising occurs, establishing the Shuliavka Republic in Kiev. 
Dec 15
The Pushkin House is established in St. Petersburg to preserve the cultural heritage of Alexander Pushkin 
Dec 16
"Variety" covering all phases of show business, 1st published 
Dec 18
H V Hordern takes 8-81 in 2nd innings of F-C debut (NSW v Qld) 
Dec 22
Arrest of St Petersburg Soviet members leads to an uprising of Moscow workers and fighting in the street 
Dec 25
V Herbert/H Blossoms musical "Mlle Modiste" premieres in NYC 
Dec 27
M A Noble scores 281 (369 mins, 21 fours) NSW v Victoria 
Dec 28
Intercollegiate Athletic Association of US founded (becomes NCAA in 1910) 
Dec 28
NSW all out for 805 vs Victoria, win by innings & 253 
Dec 30
Former Governor Frank Steunenberg is assassinated near his home in Caldwell, Idaho. 
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