Today in History - Historical Events - 1904

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Notable Historical Events - 1904

1904George Bernard Shaw's "John Bull's Other Island" premieres in London

1904Wilbur Wright makes his 1st airplane flight

1904Cy Young of Boston pitches perfect game against Phila A's (3-0)

1904Ty Cobb makes his pro debut for Augusta (South Atlantic League)

1904Bloomsday (date of events in James Joyce's Ulysses)

1904Nikola Tesla, in Electrical World and Engineer, describes the process of the ball lightning formation.

1904Giacomo Puccini's opera "Madama Butterfly," premieres in Milan

1904Marconi Co establishes "CQD" as 1st intl radio distress signal

1904Andrew Carnegie donates $1.5M to build a peace palace

1904George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premieres in London

1904Orville & Wilbur Wright fly a circle in their Flyer II

1904Theodore Roosevelt confirms Monroe-doctrine (Roosevelt Corollary)

1904james j jeffries TKOs Jack Munroe in 2 for heavyweight boxing title

1904American President Theodore Roosevelt (R) defeats Alton B Parker (D)

1904George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premiered in London

1904The US Democratic Party nominates little known New York judge Alton B Parker for presidential nominee - virtually assuring the election of Theodore Roosevelt

1904Anton Chekhov's "Cherry Orchard" opens at Moscow Art Theater

1904Theodore Roosevelt, appoints 7-man Panama Canal Commission to proceed with completing a canal at the Isthmus

1904Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund

1904Angelo G Roncalli (Pope John XXIII) becomes a priest

1904 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
Neth Indies colony begins opium production 
Jan 4
Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 beat Winnipeg Rowing Club, 2 games to 1 
Jan 4
In 'Gonzales v Williams', the US Supreme Court rules that Puerto Ricans are not aliens and may not be refused admission into continental United States; not until 1917 will citizenship rights be granted 
Jan 5
-34°F (-36.7°C), River Vale, New Jersey (state record) 
Jan 5
-42°F (-41.1°C), Smethport, Pennsylvania (state record) 
Jan 5
England beat Australia at the MCG, Rhodes 7-56 & 8-68 
Jan 7
Marconi Co establishes "CQD" as 1st intl radio distress signal 
Jan 8
Pope Pius X banned low cut dresses in the presence of churchmen 
Jan 11
Herero people of South West Africa, now Namibia, begin uprising 
Jan 12
Southwest-Africa uprising under Samuel Maherero against German garison 
Jan 17
Anton Chekhov's "Cherry Orchard" opens at Moscow Art Theater 
Jan 21
Leos Janacek's opera "Jenufa," premieres in Brno 
Jan 23
Ålesund Fire: the Norwegian coastal town Ålesund is devastated by fire, leaving 10,000 people homeless and one person dead. Kaiser Wilhelm II funds the rebuilding of the town in Jugendstil style. 
Jan 25
179 die in coal mine explosion at Cheswick, Pennsylvania 
Jan 25
J M Synge's "Ruders to the Sea," premieres in Dublin 
Jan 28
1st college sports letters given to Seniors who played on University of Chicago's football team are awarded blankets with letter "C" on them 
Jan 29
1st athletic letters given (Univ of Chicago football team) 
Jan 31
Bela Bartok's symphony "Kossuth," premieres 
Feb 4
John Millington Synges "Well of Saints," premieres in Dublin 
Feb 5
American occupation of Cuba ends 
Feb 6
Japan notifies Russia that in view of Russia's delaying tactics and provocative military action, Japan is ending negotiations and recalling its members from Moscow 
Feb 7
Baltimore catches fire (1500 buildings destroyed in 80 blocks) 
Feb 9
Japanese land troops at Chemulpo (Inchon), near Seoul, Korea; within the next three weeks they will have advanced to the Yalu River, border of Manchuria 
Feb 10
Japan and Russia declare war 
Feb 17
Giacomo Puccini's opera "Madama Butterfly," premieres in Milan 
Feb 21
National Ski Association forms in Ishpeming Mich 
Feb 22
The United Kingdom sells a meteorological station on the South Orkney Islands to Argentina; the islands are subsequently claimed by the United Kingdom in 1908. 
Feb 22
The Hague Tribunal gives its decision in claims against Venezuela; it sets the sum to be paid by Venezuela and gives preferential treatment to the three powers that initiated the block - Britain, Germany, and Italy 
Feb 23
US acquired control of the Panama Canal Zone for $10 million 
Feb 23
Having occupied Korea, Japan signs a treaty with Korea under which it becomes a Japanese protectorate in return for Japanese protection from other powers 
Feb 25
J M Synge's "Riders to the Sea" opens at Irish Natl Theater Society 
Feb 25
Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Toronto Marlboroughs in 2 games 
Feb 28
Vincent d'Indy's 2nd Symphony in B, premieres 
Feb 29
Theodore Roosevelt, appoints 7-man Panama Canal Commission to proceed with completing a canal at the Isthmus 
Mar 1
England regains cricket Ashes taking a 3-1 series lead v Australia 
Mar 2
"Official Playing Rules of Professional Base Ball Clubs" adopted 
Mar 2
Gabriele d'Annunzio's "La figlia di Iorio," premieres in Milan 
Mar 3
Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany becomes the first person to make a sound recording of a political document, using Thomas Edison's cylinder. 
Mar 5
Nikola Tesla, in Electrical World and Engineer, describes the process of the ball lightning formation. 
Mar 6
The Japanese fleet bombards Vladivostok, the major Russian port on the Pacific 
Mar 8
Hugh Trumble takes a hat-trick in his final Test Cricket match 
Mar 9
Brandon's Lester Patrick becomes 1st hockey defenseman to score a goal 
Mar 11
Stanley Cup: Ottawa Silver 7 sweep Brandon Wheat Kings in 2 games 
Mar 12
1st main line electric train in UK (Liverpool to Southport) 
Mar 12
Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund 
Mar 13
Bronze statue of Christ on Argentine-Chilean border dedicated 
Mar 14
In a landmark case, Northern Securities Company v United States, the Supreme Court finds that the company has violated the Sherman Anti-Trust Act; this is the first case that T. Roosevelt has undertaken in his 'trust-busting' campaign 
Mar 18
1st performance of Edward Elgar's "In the South (Alassio)" 
Mar 28
Japanese troops advance in Korea, defeat the Russians at Chengiu, and capture the town 
Apr 5
The first international rugby league match is played between England and an Other Nationalities team (Welsh & Scottish players) in Central Park, Wigan, England. 
Apr 8
Great Britain and France establish their Entente Cordiale, a technical treaty settling long-standing disagreements over Morocco, Egypt, Africa, and the Pacific 
Apr 8
British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the first chapter of the Book of the Law. 
Apr 13
Battle at Oviumbo Africa: Herero's chase away German army 
Apr 13
Congress authorizes Lewis & Clark Expo $1 gold coin 
Apr 13
A squadron of the Russian fleet is decoyed out of Port Arthur by Japanese maneuvers, when they realize they are sailing into a trap; their battleship Petropavlovsk hits a mine and sinks, with a loss of 700 men 
Apr 14
George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premiered in London 
Apr 18
L'Humanité, under Jean Jaurès begins publishing 
Apr 19
8th Boston Marathon won by Michael Spring of NY in 2:38:04.4 
Apr 19
Much of Toronto destroyed by fire 
Apr 20
George Bernard Shaw's "Candida" premieres in London 
Apr 20
Louisiana Purchase Exposition opens in St Louis 
Apr 21
Ty Cobb makes his pro debut for Augusta (South Atlantic League) 
Apr 23
American Academy of Arts & Letters forms 
Apr 24
President Loubet of France visits King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and pointedly ignores the Pope, exacerbating relations between France and the Roman Catholic Church 
Apr 25
NY Highlander Jack Chesbro's 1st of 41 wins this year 
Apr 26
Bell Telephone Company of Antwerp Belgium forms 
Apr 26
John C Watson leads the first Labour Government of Australian when Alfred Deakin resigns; Watson himself will resign in August 
Apr 26
General Kuroko leads the Japanese Army against the large Russian force at the Yalu river during the Russo-Japanese War 
Apr 27
The Australian Labor Party under Chris Watson becomes the first Labour government in the world 
Apr 30
Ice cream cone makes its debut 
May 2
30th Kentucky Derby: Shorty Prior riding Elwood wins in 2:08.50 
May 4
Construction begins by the United States on the Panama Canal. 
May 4
Charles Stewart Rolls meets Frederick Henry Royce at the Midland Hotel in Manchester, England. Go on to form Roll-Royce 
May 5
Cy Young of Boston pitches perfect game against Phila A's (3-0) 
May 6
American Lung Association holds its 1st meeting 
May 7
Flexible Flyer trademark registered 
May 9
The steam locomotive City of Truro becomes the first steam engine to exceed 100mph. 
May 11
Andrew Carnegie donates $1.5M to build a peace palace 
May 17
Maurice Ravel's "Shéhérazade" premieres in Paris 
May 18
In Morocco, a brigand, Raizuli, kidnaps Ion H. Perdicaris, an American citizen 
May 21
Federation Internationale de Football Association (Soccer) forms in Paris 
May 21
France recalls its ambassador to the Vatican to protest the Pope's attempt to discipline two French bishops; this is yet another incident driving France and the Catholic Church apart 
May 25
38th Belmont: George Odom aboard Delhi wins in 2:06.6 
May 26
In two days of bitter fighting, the Japanese Army soundly defeats the Russians at Kinchan and captures the forts at Nanshan 
May 27
NL record of 5 stolen bases in a game (Dennis McGann, NY Giants) 
May 28
29th Preakness: Eugene Hildebrand aboard Bryn Mawr wins in 1:44.2 
May 30
Frank Chance gets hit by pitch 5 times in a doubleheader 
May 30
The Japanese Army capture the City of Dairen after landing troops along the south coast of Manchuria 
Jun 2
Professor Schron finds microbe that causes photosynthesis 
Jun 6
National Tuberculosis Association organized, Atlantic City, NJ 
Jun 11
Cubs' Bob Wicker no-hits NY Giants, wins in 12th on 1 hitter, 1-0 
Jun 11
German Lt-Gen Lothar von Trotha lands in Swapokmund, SW-Africa 
Jun 14
Dutch troops occupy Kuto Reh, Sumatra, killing all inhabitants 
Jun 14
At the battle of Telissu, the Japanese rout the Russians and inflict heavy casualties 
Jun 15
Side-wheeler passenger paddlesteamer "General Slocum" burns in NY's East River (1,031 die) 
Jun 16
Bloomsday (date of events in James Joyce's Ulysses) 
Jun 16
Eugen Schauman assassinates Nikolai Bobrikov, Governor-General of Finland. 
Jun 21
Boston Herald tells of Red Sox trade "Dougherty as a Yankee," 1st known reference to NY club as Yankees (became Yankees in 1913) 
Jun 21
The US Republican Party nominates Theodore Roosevelt for President, but not without opposition from those whom he calls 'malefactors of great wealth' 
Jun 22
Chinese laborers arrive in South Africa following a severe labor shortage 
Jun 28
International Anti-Military Cooperation (IAMV) forms in Amsterdam 
Jun 28
The SS Norge Runs aground and sinks 
Jun 29
2 prehistoric bones found in Weerdingerveen, Drenthe 
Jun 29
21st Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Dorothea Chambers beats C Sterry (6-0 6-3) 
Jun 29
28th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats F Riseley (6-1 7-5 8-6) 
Jul 1
3rd modern Olympic games opens in St Louis 
Jul 5
Giants 18-game winning streak ends as Phillies win 6-5 in 10 inn 
Jul 5
4th Davis Cup: British Isles beats Belgium in Wimbledon (5-0) 
Jul 6
Two Russian cruisers move into the Red Sea and begin to stop ships of Britain, Germany, and other nations they believe friendly to Japan 
Jul 6
The US Democratic Party nominates little known New York judge Alton B Parker for presidential nominee - virtually assuring the election of Theodore Roosevelt 
Jul 9
10th US Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 303 at Glen View Club IL 
Jul 15
1st Buddhist temple in US forms, Los Angeles 
Jul 16
Islands of Manu'a group (Samoa) ceded to US by their chiefs 
Jul 19
Dutch Premier Kuypers disbands 1st Chamber 
Jul 21
After 13 years, the 4,607-mile Trans-Siberian railway is completed 
Jul 21
Camille Jenatzy sets world auto speed record at 65.79 MPH 
Jul 23
Ice cream cone created by during St Louis World Fair - reputedly first by Charles E Menches 
Jul 28
Rafael Reyes becomes dictator of Colombia after losing Panama 
Jul 28
Interior Minister of Russia, Vyacheslav Plehve is assassinated; as leader of the most reactionary elements of government, he was hated for his repressive policies 
Aug 3
British journalist Francis Younghusband visits forbidden city Lhasa 
Aug 7
Train derailed on bridge in Eden Colo during a flash flood, kills 96 
Aug 9
Libanus McLouth Todd of Rochester, New York patents his check-writing machine, the Protectograph designed to protect against check forgers 
Aug 10
Angelo G Roncalli (Pope John XXIII) becomes a priest 
Aug 10
Dutch newspaper Volk fires gay journalist Jacob de Cock 
Aug 10
Japanese fleet defeat Russians off Port Arthur 
Aug 10
Higlanders Jack Chesbro ends string of 30 consecutive complete games 
Aug 11
German-ltalian General Von Trotha defeats Herero in SW Africa 
Aug 11
The Russian fleet in the harbor of at Port Arthur are exposed to Russian guns on the hill above the harbor; Russian trips attempt escape, but most are forced back into harbor by Japanese ships 
Aug 16
NYC begins building Grand Central Station 
Aug 17
Boston's Jesse Tannehell no-hits Chicago White Sox, 6-0 
Aug 17
George H Reid succeeds John Watson as Prime Minister of Australia 
Aug 18
Chris Watson resigns as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by George Reid. 
Aug 23
Automobile tire chain patented 
Aug 24
24th US Men's Tennis: Holcombe Ward beats William Clothier (10-8 6-4 9-7) 
Aug 24
Battle of Liao-Yang-200,000 Japanese against 150,000 Russian, Japanese tactical victory 
Aug 25
james j jeffries TKOs Jack Munroe in 2 for heavyweight boxing title 
Aug 29
1st Olympics in US are held (St Louis) 
Aug 29
3rd modern Olympic Games opens in St Louis 
Aug 30
Thomas Hicks wins 3rd Olympics marathon (3:28:53.0) (40 km) 
Sep 3
St Louis Olympics closes 
Sep 4
Dali Lama signs treaty allowing British commerce in Tibet 
Sep 6
Soccer team Rheden forms 
Sep 7
British forces in Tibet force the Dalai Lhama to sign a treaty that grants Britain trading posts in Tibet and guarantee that Tibet will not concede territory to foreign powers 
Sep 9
Mounted police 1st used in NYC 
Sep 9
Boston Herald again refers to NY baseball club as Yankees, when it reports "Yankees take 2," Yankee name not official till 1913 
Sep 15
Wilbur Wright makes his 1st airplane flight 
Sep 19
Gen Nogi's assault on Port Arthur: 16,000 Japanese casualties 
Sep 20
George Ade's "College Widow," premieres in NYC 
Sep 20
Orville & Wilbur Wright fly a circle in their Flyer II 
Sep 21
The general strike called by the Socialist Party that spread throughout Italy ends today 
Sep 23
Francis Younghusbands leaves Lhasa, Tibet 
Sep 25
Charles Follis is 1st black to play proessional American football 
Sep 26
Charles Kleins "Music Master" premieres in NYC 
Sep 26
Earl Grey is named British governor-general of Canada 
Sep 26
GB Shaw's "How He Lied to Her Husband" premieres in NYC 
Sep 28
Woman arrested for smoking a cigarette in a car on 5th Avenue, NYC 
Sep 29
1st monument honoring Spanish American War erected (Monroeville Ohio) 
Sep 30
White Sox lefty Doc White, pitches his 5th shutout in 18 days 
Oct 1
JB van Heutsz becomes governor general of Dutch East Indies 
Oct 1
Netherlands & Portugal lay down bounderies splitting Timor 
Oct 3
France & Spain sign treaty for Morocco Independence 
Oct 3
Giants Christy Mathewson strikes out then record 16 Cards 
Oct 3
Mary McLeod Bethune opens Daytona Normal & Industrial School 
Oct 4
1st day of NYC subway, 350,000 people ride 9.1 mile tracks 
Oct 7
NY Highlander Jack Chesbro wins record 41st game of season (41-12) 
Oct 8
1st Vanderbilt Cup auto race (Hicksville, Long Island, NY) 
Oct 10
Liberty Theater opens at 234 W 42nd St NYC 
Oct 10
Yanks 2 games out play 1st place Red Sox on final day doubleheader 41 game winner Chesbro loses 1st game & chance at pennant 
Oct 10
Boston pitchers achieve 148 complete games-an AL record, also record for total complete games AL 1,098, NL 1,089 
Oct 15
The Russians are driven back by the Japanese in the Battle of Shaho; both sides suffer high casualties: Japanese (16,000) and Russians (60,000) 
Oct 16
Russian Baltic fleet departs to Port Arthur 
Oct 17
Bank of Italy (Bank of America) opens its doors 
Oct 18
Gustav Mahler's 5th symphony premieres in Cologne 
Oct 19
Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American C.A. O'Reilley. 
Oct 20
Bolivia and Chile sign a treaty ending the War of the Pacific; it recognizes Chile's possession of the coast, but provides for construction of a railway to link La Paz, Bolivia, to Arica on the coast 
Oct 22
Russian fleet shoots at British fishing ship 
Oct 24
First New York subway opens 
Oct 27
IRT (Interborough Rapid Transit), opens in NYC, subway/bus fare is set at one nickel (Bkln bridge-145 & Bdwy) 
Oct 28
St Louis police try a new investigation method - fingerprints 
Oct 29
First intercity trucking service (Colorado City & Snyder, Texas) 
Oct 29
Interborough Rapid Transit subway opens in New York City 
Nov 1
George Bernard Shaw's "John Bull's Other Island" premieres in London 
Nov 2
British newspaper "Daily Mirror" begins publishing 
Nov 4
First stadium built specifically for football (Harvard Stadium) 
Nov 8
American President Theodore Roosevelt (R) defeats Alton B Parker (D) 
Nov 8
Inventor and manufacturer Harvey Hubbell receives the first U.S. patent for a separable electric attachment plug 
Nov 9
1st airplane flight to last more than 5 minutes 
Nov 14
King C Gillette patents Gillette razor blade 
Nov 17
George Cohan's musical "Little Johnny Jones" premieres in NYC 
Nov 18
General Esteban Huertas steps down after the government of Panama fears he wants to stage a coup. 
Nov 23
3rd Olympic games close in St Louis 
Nov 28
Germany defeats Hottentotten in Warmbad SW-Africa 
Dec 6
Theodore Roosevelt confirms Monroe-doctrine (Roosevelt Corollary) 
Dec 10
King Peter I of Serbia named nationalist regime 
Dec 10
Founding of Pi Kappa Phi Fraternity. 
Dec 12
CMS McClellans "Leah Kleschna" premieres in NYC 
Dec 19
Dawson City hockey team begins 9 day walk to get a boat to Seattle to catch a train to Ottawa to play in Stanley Cup on Jan 13 1905 
Dec 24
German SW Africa abolishes slavery of young children 
Dec 27
Duke of York Theatre opens in London (1st musical Peter Pan) 
Dec 27
W B Yeats/Lady Gregory's "On Baile's Strand," premieres in Dublin 
Dec 28
1st daily wireless weather forecasts published (London) 
Dec 31
The first New Year's Eve celebration is held in Times Square, then known as Longacre Square, in New York, New York. 
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