Today in History - Historical Events - 1901

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Notable Historical Events - 1901

1901First Nobel Prize in Physics awarded to Wilhelm Röntgen for his discovery of X-rays

1901james j jeffries TKOs Gus Ruhlin in 6 for heavyweight boxing title in San Francisco

1901Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der rote Hahn" premieres in Berlin

1901Butch Cassidy & Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner, Montana

1901Theodore Roosevelt is sword in as President, the youngest man to serve as President of the US, after William McKinley finally dies after an anarchist shoots him in Buffalo

19011st exhibition by Pablo Picasso, 19, opens in Paris

1901Winston Churchill makes his maiden speech in the British House of Commons.

1901President William McKinley inaugurated for 2nd term as president; Theodore |Roosevelt serves as Vice President

1901Guglielmo Marconi, the Italian electrical inventor, sends the first transatlantic radio signal

1901A showing of seventy-one Vincent van Gogh paintings in Paris, 11 years after his death, creates a sensation.

1901US President William McKinley is shot by Leon Czolgosz, an anarchist, while visiting the Pan-American Exposition in New York

1901Guglielmo Marconi sends the first transatlantic radio signal, from Poldhu in Cornwall to Newfoundland

1901Theodore Roosevelt renames "Executive Mansion," "The White House"

1901Chekhov's "Three Sisters" opens at Moscow Art Theater

1901William Howard Taft, a former Federal judge, is installed as first governor-general of the Philippines and declares amnesty for all insurgents who take an oath of allegiance

1901VP Theodore Roosevelt advises "Speak softly & carry a big stick"

1901 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
Australia declares independence from federation of UK colonies 
Jan 8
New South Wales score 918 all out vs South Australia in 560 minutes 
Jan 9
NSW (918) defeat S Australia (157 & 156) by innings & 605 
Jan 10
Oil discovered in Texas 
Jan 18
Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Graves De Communi Re 
Jan 21
Clyde Fitch's "Climbers," premieres in NYC 
Jan 22
After 63 years Britain stops sale of Queen Victoria postage stamps series & begins King Edward VII series 
Jan 24
1st games played in baseball's American League 
Jan 24
Emily Hobhouse views the British administrated concentration camp at Bloemfontein for women and children 
Jan 24
Denmark and the US sign a treaty under which Denmark will sell the Danish West Indies to the USA for $5 million, but the sale will be postponed until 1917 
Jan 31
Boer general John Smuts & De la Rey conqueror Mud river Transvaal 
Jan 31
Chekhov's "Three Sisters" opens at Moscow Art Theater 
Jan 31
Winnipeg Victorias sweep Montreal Shamrocks in 2 for Stanley Cup 
Jan 31
Austro-Hungarian Empire: The Reichsrath, disolved on 7 September 1900 by Employer Franz Joseph, reopens after the recent elections have defeated extremists 
Feb 2
Female Army Nurse Corps established as a permanent organization 
Feb 2
Queen Victoria's funeral takes place. 
Feb 2
Mexican government troops are ambushed by Yaqui Indians, 100 killed 
Feb 2
The US Congress passes the Army Reorganization Act, placing the minimum number of men under arms at 58,000 
Feb 3
Dutch troops under Gen Van Heutsz conquer Batu Ilië on Sumatra 
Feb 4
Emperor of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Franz Joseph, gives a speech condemning the demands of national groups and calls for economic and social reform 
Feb 5
Loop-the-loop centrifugal RR (roller coaster) patented by Ed Prescot 
Feb 5
Pierpont Morgan forms US Steel Corp 
Feb 12
Dutch Penitentiary children's law proclaimed 
Feb 18
H Cecil Booth patented a dust removing suction cleaner 
Feb 18
Winston Churchill makes his maiden speech in the British House of Commons. 
Feb 20
1st territorial legislature of Hawaii convenes 
Feb 21
In Cuba, the constitutional delegates adopt a constitution much like that of the USA 
Feb 25
George Cohan's musical "Governor's Son," premieres in NYC 
Feb 25
US Steel Corp organized under J P Morgan 
Feb 26
British general Kitchener confers with Boer general Louis Botha about peace conditions, which break down over the question of amnesty for some Boers 
Feb 27
NL Rules Committee decrees that all fouls are to count as strikes except after two strikes 
Feb 27
A General Committee of National Liberal Federation meets and adopts a resolution deploring the continuation of the war in South Africa and condemning the British Government's insistence on unconditional surrender by the Boers 
Mar 2
Hawaii's 1st telegraph company opens 
Mar 2
The United States Congress passes the Platt amendment, limiting the autonomy of Cuba as a condition for the withdrawal of American troops. 
Mar 3
Congress creates National Bureau of Standards, in Dept of Commerce 
Mar 4
1st advanced copy of inaugural speech (Jefferson-Natl Intelligencer) 
Mar 4
President William McKinley inaugurated for 2nd term as president; Theodore |Roosevelt serves as Vice President 
Mar 4
Term of George H White, last of post-Reconstruction congressmen, ends 
Mar 6
In Bremen an assassin attempts to kill Wilhelm II of Germany. 
Mar 11
Cincinnati Enquirer reports Balt mgr John McGraw signed Cherokee Indian Tokohoma, who is really black 2nd baseman Charlie Grant 
Mar 12
Ground is broken for Boston's 1st AL ballpark (Huntington Ave Grounds) 
Mar 14
1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 6th Symphony in A 
Mar 14
Germany's Chancellor von Bulow declares that the agreement Germany signed with England in October 1900, to restrain foreign aggression and maintain open trade, does not apply to Manchuria 
Mar 15
Horse racing is banned in San Francisco, last race Mar 16th 
Mar 17
Free thinking-Democratic Union forms in Netherlands 
Mar 17
A showing of seventy-one Vincent van Gogh paintings in Paris, 11 years after his death, creates a sensation. 
Mar 23
Dame Nellie Melba, reveals secret of her now famous toast 
Mar 25
55 die as Rock Island train derailed near Marshalltown, Iowa 
Mar 29
Edmund Barton is elected Prime Minister in Australia's first election of its parliament 
Apr 5
Under threats from the Ottoman Turkish Government, Bulgaria is forced to arrest the leaders of the Macedonian Committee 
Apr 7
SDAP demands general voting right/abolishing First Chamber 
Apr 15
1st British motorized burial 
Apr 15
Pope Leo XIII issues an allocution deploring hostile actions against the Roman Catholic Church throughout Europe 
Apr 19
5th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:29:23.6 
Apr 19
James J Caffrey wins Boston marathon (2:29:23.6) 
Apr 19
In the Philippines, recently captured insurgent leader Emilio Aguinaldo issues a proclamation advising his countrymen to end their rebellion and use of peaceful means to work with the US toward independence. 
Apr 24
1st AL game, Chic beats Cleve Blues 8-2, 3 other games rained out 
Apr 25
Erve Beck hits American League's 1st home run 
Apr 25
New York becomes 1st state requiring auto license plates ($1 fee) 
Apr 25
In last of 9th, Detroit Tigers, trailing by 13-4, score 10 runs to win one of greatest comebacks in baseball (1st game in Detroit) 
Apr 28
1st soccer game between Belgium (8) & Netherlands (0) 
Apr 28
Cleveland's Bock Baker gives up a record 23 singles as White Sox beat Blues (Cleveland Blues!) 13-1 
Apr 29
27th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Winkfield on His Eminence wins in 2:07.75 
Apr 29
Antisemitic riot in Budapest 
May 1
Detroit Tigers commit 12 errors against Chicago White Sox 
May 1
Herb McFarland hit 1st grand slam in American League 
May 1
Pan-American Exposition opens in Buffalo 
May 3
Fire destroyed 1,700 buildings in Jacksonville, Florida 
May 8
In their long-delayed AL home opener, Boston defeats Phila 12-4 
May 8
A British appointed commission estimates today that some 1,250,000 Indians have died after a severe drought, lasting since 1899 
May 9
Cleve's Earl Moore no-hits Chicago White Sox 9 inn but loses in 10th 4-2 
May 9
The first Australian Parliament opens in Melbourne, though the first working session will not be until 21 May 
May 9
A financial panic begins in the USA following the struggle between two groups to control the railroads between the Great Lakes and the Pacific 
May 12
US President McKinley visits San Francisco 
May 16
Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Priory School" (BG) 
May 23
35th Belmont: H Spencer aboard Commando wins in 2:21 
May 23
Indians score 9 runs after 2 outs in 9th to beat Senators 14-13 
May 23
Ottawa Mint Act receives Royal Assent 
May 23
US captures leader of Filippino rebels, Emilio Aguinaldo 
May 24
Seventy-eight miners die in the Caerphilly pit disaster in South Wales. 
May 28
26th Preakness: Fred Landry aboard The Parader wins in 1:47.2 
May 28
Laws against phosphor matches enacted (inhibition white phosphorous) 
May 30
Hall of Fame for Great American on NYU campus dedicated 
May 31
At the opening of the Greek National Assembly, Prince George, High Commissioner of Crete, asks it to endorse the union of Crete with Greece; the proposal is later rejected 
Jun 2
Benjamin Adams arrested for playing golf on Sunday (NY) 
Jun 9
NY Giants get record 31 hits to beat Cin Reds 25-13 
Jun 11
Cook Islands annexed & proclaimed part of New Zealand 
Jun 12
In Cuba, the constitutional convention - knowing that the USA will not withdraw its troops until does so - adopts the Platt Amendment as part of its constitution 
Jun 14
1st golf championship is played 
Jun 15
7th US Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 331 at Myopia Hunt Club MA 
Jun 17
The College Board introduces its first standardized test, the forerunner to the SAT. 
Jun 20
Charlotte Manye is 1st native African to graduate from a US college 
Jun 24
1st exhibition by Pablo Picasso, 19, opens in Paris 
Jun 24
Jewish National Fund starts 
Jul 2
Butch Cassidy & Sundance Kid rob train of $40,000 at Wagner, Montana 
Jul 3
18th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Charlotte Sterry beats B Hillyard (6-2 6-2) 
Jul 3
25th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Arthur Gore beats R Doherty (4-6 7-5 6-4 6-4) 
Jul 4
William Howard Taft, a former Federal judge, is installed as first governor-general of the Philippines and declares amnesty for all insurgents who take an oath of allegiance 
Jul 12
Cy Young wins his 300th game 
Jul 12
Striking Canadian salmon fishermen on the Pacific coast, resentful of the nonunion Japanese who continue to fish, maroon and imprison 47 
Jul 12
In Germany a group of 104 aristocrats present a deceleration against dueling, though the tradition will go on 
Jul 15
NY Giant Christy Mathewson no-hits St Louis, 5-0 
Jul 16
The Fawcett Commission headed by Millicent Fawcett is established as a result of an outcry against the treatment of Afrikaners in concentration camps during the South African War 
Jul 20
Morocco signs an agreement with France fixing Morocco's frontier with Algeria, a French colony 
Jul 22
Serbia reactivates diplomatic relations with Montenegro 
Jul 22
British House of Lords, in its role as court, rules trade unions can be sued for actions of its members - in Taff Vale Case 
Jul 24
O. Henry is released from prison in Austin, Texas after serving three years for embezzlement from a bank. 
Jul 25
Emily Hobhouse addresses public meetings in Britain on the concentration camps during the South African War 
Jul 31
Abraham Kuyper becomes premier of Netherlands 
Aug 1
Burials within San Francisco City limits prohibited 
Aug 5
Peter O'Connor of Ireland, sets then long jump record at 24' 11 3/4" 
Aug 6
Kiowa land in Oklahoma is opened for white settlement, effectively dissolving the contiguous reservation. 
Aug 9
34-35°N/98-99°W open for US colonization 
Aug 10
Chicago White Sox Frank Isbell strands record 11 teammate base runners 
Aug 12
Boer general Kritzinger driven out of Cape colony 
Aug 14
SS Islander hits iceberg near Alaska & sinks killing 70 
Aug 14
The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21. 
Aug 15
Arch Rock, danger to Bay shipping, blasted with 30 tons of nitro 
Aug 15
Great Britain issues a proclamation calling on the Boers to surrender by 15 September or face banishment and confiscation of their property 
Aug 17
The Royal Titles Act adds the words 'and the British Dominions beyond the Seas' to the monarch's style 
Aug 20
The Fawcett Commission visits Mafeking concentration camp in Cape Colony 
Aug 21
21st US Men's Tennis: William Larned beats Beals C Wright (6-2 6-8 6-4 6-4) 
Aug 21
Joe McGinnity, suspended from NL for punching & spitting on an umpire 
Aug 22
Cadillac Motor Company is founded. 
Aug 30
Hubert Cecil Booth patents vacuum cleaner 
Sep 1
Construction begins on NY Stock Exchange 
Sep 2
VP Theodore Roosevelt advises "Speak softly & carry a big stick" 
Sep 3
Boer General Smuts enters Kiba Drift in Cape Colony 
Sep 5
National Association of Professional Baseball Leagues forms 
Sep 6
US President William McKinley is shot by Leon Czolgosz, an anarchist, while visiting the Pan-American Exposition in New York 
Sep 7
Peace of Peking - Ends Boxer Rebellion in China 
Sep 12
Arabs attack Gedara Palestine 
Sep 14
Theodore Roosevelt is sword in as President, the youngest man to serve as President of the US, after William McKinley finally dies after an anarchist shoots him in Buffalo 
Sep 16
Alturas, California, is incorporated as the only city in Modoc County. 
Sep 17
Battle of Blood River Port: Boer Gen Botha beats Major Gough's cavalry 
Sep 17
Battle at Elands River Port: Boer Gen Smuts destroys unit 17th Lancers 
Sep 19
11 baseball games canceled due to funeral of Pres William McKinley 
Sep 26
Boer General Botha fails to capture Fort Itala in Natal 
Sep 26
Great Britain annexes the Ashanti Kingdom and places it under the governor of the Gold Coast (Ghana) 
Sep 28
Guerrilla's assault unarmed US soldiers in Balangiga Phil, 38 killed 
Oct 2
First Royal Naval submarine launched at Barrow 
Oct 4
Columbia (US) beats Shamrock II (England) in 12th America's Cup 
Oct 12
Theodore Roosevelt renames "Executive Mansion," "The White House" 
Oct 14
Justin Huntly McCarthy's "If I were King" premieres in NYC 
Oct 16
Baron Hayashi of Japan begins negotiations in London to make an alliance with the British and strengthen Japan's position against Russians 
Oct 18
Belgium's Louise of den Plas begins activities towards women rights 
Oct 19
Edward Elgar's "Pomp & Circumstance March," premieres in Liverpool 
Oct 19
Santos-Dumont proves airship maneuverable by circling Eiffel Tower 
Oct 24
First woman to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel (Anna Taylor) 
Oct 25
In Great Britain, Joseph Chamberlain, Colonial Affairs Secretary, makes an anti-German speech in Edinburgh; when word reaches Germany it leads to widespread agitation against the British and eventual breakdown of negotiations for an Anglo-German alliance 
Oct 26
First recorded use of "getaway car" occurs after holding up a shop in Paris 
Oct 27
1st complete performance of Debussy's "Nocturnes" 
Oct 29
In Amherst, Massachusetts, nurse Jane Toppan is arrested for murdering the Davis family of Boston with an overdose of morphine. 
Oct 30
Battle at Bakenlaagte: lt-col Benson's unit vs Boers 
Nov 1
Sigma Phi Epsilon, the largest national male collegiate fraternity is established at Richmond College, in Richmond, VA. 
Nov 4
Clyde Fitch's "Way of the World" premieres in NYC 
Nov 7
A French fleet seizes the customs house on the Turkish-ruled island of Mytilene after Turks refuse to settle France's indemnity claims for losses suffered by French subjects in 1896 
Nov 8
Bloody clashes take place in Athens following the translation of the Gospels into demotic Greek. 
Nov 11
Maurice Ravel composition "Jeux d'eau" premieres 
Nov 13
The 1901 Caister Lifeboat Disaster. 
Nov 15
james j jeffries TKOs Gus Ruhlin in 6 for heavyweight boxing title in San Francisco 
Nov 16
3 autos race on Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, fastest speed achieved by Henry Fournier who drives a mile in 51 4/5 seconds 
Nov 18
The USA and Great Britain sign the Second Hay-Pauncefote Treaty, or Interoceanic Ship Canal Treaty 
Nov 20
Opera "Grisélidis" is produced (Paris) 
Nov 21
Richard Strauss' opera "Feuersnot" premieres in Dresden 
Nov 26
Italy and Britain sign an agreement fixing the frontier between their colonies of Eritrea and Sudan in East Africa 
Nov 27
Army War College forms in Washington DC 
Nov 27
Gerhart Hauptmann's "Der rote Hahn" premieres in Berlin 
Nov 27
U.S. Army War College is established. 
Nov 27
Prince Ito of Japan comes to St Petersburg hoping to get the Russians to grant Japan concessions in Korea, but later drops this goal and decides to make an alliance with Britain 
Nov 28
Gustav Mahler's 4th Symphony in G premieres 
Nov 29
East 182nd Street in Bronx is paved & opened 
Dec 2
King Camp Gillette begins selling safety razor blades 
Dec 3
Milwaukee is dropped from the AL & replaced by St Louis Browns 
Dec 4
Anne Russell's 'Girl and the judge' premieres in NYC 
Dec 10
1st Nobel Peace Prizes (to Jean Henri Dunant, Frederic Passy) 
Dec 10
First Nobel Prize in Physics awarded to Wilhelm Röntgen for his discovery of X-rays 
Dec 11
Guglielmo Marconi, the Italian electrical inventor, sends the first transatlantic radio signal 
Dec 12
Guglielmo Marconi sends the first transatlantic radio signal, from Poldhu in Cornwall to Newfoundland 
Dec 13
Test debut of S F Barnes v Aust SCG, took 5-65 in 1st innings 
Dec 14
1st table tennis tournament is held (London Royal Aquarium) 
Dec 16
Boer general Kritzinger captured 
Dec 25
Battle at Tweefontein Orange-Free state: Boers surprise attack Brits 
Dec 25
At Tweefontein, a British force is camped on a hill slope; at 2am it is attacked by Boers coming down from the other side 
Dec 31
In the first election under their new constitution, Cuba elects a Congress and their first president, Tomas Estrada Palma 
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