Today in History - Historical Events - 1900

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Notable Historical Events - 1900

1900The first modern submarine designed and built by John Philip Holland is purchased by the U.S. Navy

1900Gerhart Hauptmann's "Schluck und Jau," premieres in Berlin

1900First flight LZ-1, of a dirigible airship designed by Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin, at Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany.

1900Firestone Tire & Rubber Company founded.

1900james j jeffries KOs James J Corbett in 23 for heavyweight boxing title

1900The first modern submarine is commissioned by the U.S.Navy as the USS Holland, named for its designer John Philip Holland

1900Gerhart Hauptmann's "Michael Kramer" premieres in Berlin

1900Giacomo Puccini's opera "Tosca," premieres in Rome

1900In Canada, the Liberal Government led by Wilfrid Laurier retains its majority

1900Republican President William McKinley and his Vice President, Theodore Roosevelt, defeat Democrats' William Jennings Bryan in the US elections

1900George Bernard Shaw's "You Never Can Tell" premieres in London

1900james j jeffries KOs Jack Finnegan in 1 for heavyweight boxing title

1900 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
1st date in John dos Passos' USA trilogy (The 42nd Parallel) 
Jan 1
British protectorates of Northern & Southern Nigeria established 
Jan 1
Compulsory education in Netherlands goes into effect 
Jan 1
British protectorates of Northern and Southern Nigeria are established. 
Jan 2
E Verlinger begins manufacturing 7" single-sided records (Montreal) 
Jan 2
Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise," premieres in Paris 
Jan 2
John Hay announces the Open Door Policy to promote trade with China. 
Jan 3
Gerhart Hauptmann's "Schluck und Jau," premieres in Berlin 
Jan 3
Perihelion Passage 
Jan 5
Irish leader John Edward Redmond calls for a revolt against British rule. 
Jan 6
Boers attack at Ladysmith, about 1,000 killed or injured 
Jan 6
Maurice Ravel's "Albaradode Gracioso," premieres in Paris 
Jan 10
Lord Roberts & Lord Kitchener reach Capetown 
Jan 12
Freeland Colony founded in US 
Jan 14
Giacomo Puccini's opera "Tosca," premieres in Rome 
Jan 15
SCNEC soccer team forms 
Jan 16
The United States Senate accepts the Anglo-German treaty of 1899 in which the United Kingdom renounces its claims to the Samoan islands. 
Jan 16
The US gains control over Tutuila in Samoa and several smaller Pacific islands 
Jan 18
Jan Blockx's "Tÿl Uilenspiegel" premieres in Brussels 
Jan 21
The second contingent of Canadian troops sails from Halifax to fight in South Africa against the Boers 
Jan 24
Battle of Tugela-Spionkop, South Africa (Boers vs British army) 
Jan 24
Newcastle Badminton Club, world's oldest, forms in England 
Jan 26
Henrik Ibsen's "Naar vi Dode Vaaguer," premieres in Stuttgart 
Jan 27
Social Democrat Party of America (Debs' party) holds 1st convention 
Jan 27
Foreign diplomats in Peking, China, write formal notes of protest demanding that the Chinese Government stop the Boxes and other groups leading attacks on Westerners and Christians. 
Jan 29
Boers under Joubert beat British at Spionkop Natal, 2,000 killed 
Jan 29
American League organized in Buffalo, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Milwaukee & Minneapolis 
Jan 31
The final report of the USA's Philippine Commission is released, favouring territorial government for the islands with home rule in local affairs, but with US assumptions of ultimate responsibility for the government. 
Feb 2
Gustave Charpentiers opera "Louise" premieres in Paris 
Feb 3
Rival forces fight for control of the Union Park ball grounds in Balt 
Feb 3
Gubernatorial candidate William Goebel is assassinated in Frankfort, Kentucky. 
Feb 5
British troops under Gen Buller occupy Vaal Krantz, Natal 
Feb 5
The United States and the United Kingdom sign treaty for Panama Canal 
Feb 6
The Battle of Vaal Krantz, South Africa (Boers vs British army) 
Feb 7
British troops vacate Vaal Krantz, Natal 
Feb 9
Dwight Davis established a new tennis trophy, the Davis Cup 
Feb 10
Peter Ostlund skates world record 500m (45.2 sec) 
Feb 14
Date of events in movie "Picnic at Hanging Rock" 
Feb 14
Russia responds to international pressure to free Finland by tightening imperial control over the country. 
Feb 15
General French relieves Kimberley/Cecil Rhodes 
Feb 15
British troops relieve Kimberly, South Africa, a city under siege by the Boers since October 1899, during the Boer War. 
Feb 16
1st Chinese daily newspaper in US publishes (Chung Sai Yat Po-SF) 
Feb 16
Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks beat Winnipeg Victorias, 3 games to 1 
Feb 18
Ajax soccer team forms in Amsterdam 
Feb 18
Battle at Paardeberg, 1,270 British killed/injured 
Feb 18
British troops occupy Monte Christo, Natal 
Feb 19
British troops occupy Hlangwane, Natal 
Feb 22
Battle at Wynne's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army) 
Feb 22
Hawaii became a US territory 
Feb 23
Battle at Hart's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army) 
Feb 23
Steamer "Rio de Janeiro" sinks in SF Bay 
Feb 27
Battle at Pietershoogte during the Boer War 
Feb 27
Boer General Cronjé surrenders to English in Pardenberg, South-Africa 
Feb 27
In London, the Trade Union Congress and the Independent Labour Party (formed in 1893) meet, resulting in a Labour Representative Committee and eventually the modern Labour Party in 1906 
Feb 28
General Buller's troops relieve Ladysmith Natal 
Mar 3
US Steel Corporation organizes 
Mar 5
American Hall of Fame founded 
Mar 6
After a meeting in Indianapolis, USA, a group forms the Social Democratic Party and nominates Eugene Debs as its candidate for President in the forthcoming election (becomes the Socialist Party in 1901) 
Mar 7
Battle at Poplar Grove South Africa, Pres Kruger flees 
Mar 7
Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2 games 
Mar 8
NL decides to go with 8 teams They exclude Baltimore, Cleveland, Louisville & Washington (in 1953 Boston Braves move to Milwaukee) 
Mar 10
Battle at Driefontein, South-Africa (Boers vs British army) 
Mar 10
Regents for the King of Uganda and leading chiefs sign a treaty with Great Britain agreeing to the organization of the government, taxation, courts, military, and other functions of their country, which is under British protection. 
Mar 11
British Prime Minister, Lord Salisbury rejects peace overtures from the Boer leader Paul Kruger (on 5 March) as demanding too-favourable terms 
Mar 12
President Steyn of Orange Free state flees from Bloemfontein 
Mar 13
British troops occupy Bloemfontein, capital of the Orange Free State 
Mar 13
In France the length of the workday for women and children is limited to 11 hours by law. 
Mar 14
Hugo de Vries rediscovers Mendel's laws of genetics 
Mar 14
US currency goes on gold standard after Congress passes the Currency Act 
Mar 16
AL meets in Chicago, Ban Johnson announces that an AL team will be in 
Mar 16
Sir Arthur Evans rediscovers the bronze age city of Knossos in Crete, home of the legendary Minotaur 
Mar 16
Chicago, KC, Minn, Milwaukee, Indianapolis, Detroit, Cleve & Buffalo 
Mar 17
Stanley Cup: Montreal Shamrocks sweep Halifax Crescents in 2 
Mar 17
In South Africa, British troops relieve Mafeking, besieged by the Boers since 13 October, 1899. 
Mar 18
Ajax (Amsterdam Football Club), forms 
Mar 18
Japan uses its influence over the government of Korea to deny Russia's efforts to obtain a concession for a naval station at the Korean Port of Masampo, a step in the lead up to the Russo-Japanese war 
Mar 20
US Secretary of State John Hay announces that all nations to whom he sent notes calling for an 'open door' policy in China have essentially accepted his stand. 
Mar 24
New York City Mayor Robert Anderson Van Wyck breaks ground for a new underground "Rapid Transit Railroad" that would link Manhattan and Brooklyn. 
Mar 25
US Socialist Party forms in Indianapolis 
Mar 26
1st edition The (Free) People (Neth, probably Amsterdam) 
Mar 27
Recognising that the war in South Africa is going to take a major commitment, Parliament passes the War Loan Act, calling for £35 million to support the fight against the Boers. 
Mar 30
Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Compulsory education law 
Mar 31
At " Surprise of Sanna's Post" in the Second Boer War 150 troops under Brigadier General Robert Broadwood were killed. 
Apr 1
1st edition of Dutch newspaper "The People" 
Apr 2
1st edition of The Volk published (Amsterdam) 
Apr 4
Assassination attempt on Prince of Wales, later British King Edward VII when shot by Jean-Baptiste Sipido in protest over Boer war 
Apr 4
British garrison of Reddersberg surrenders to Boer general De Wet 
Apr 5
Attempted assassination of Edward, Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails 
Apr 6
james j jeffries KOs Jack Finnegan in 1 for heavyweight boxing title 
Apr 11
US Navy's 1st submarine made its debut 
Apr 11
The first modern submarine designed and built by John Philip Holland is purchased by the U.S. Navy 
Apr 12
The US Congress passes the Foraker Act, establishing Puerto Rico as an unincorporated territory (effective 1 May) 
Apr 14
Veteran's Hospital at Ft Miley forms 
Apr 15
Exposition Universelle/World Fair opens in Paris (till 12th Nov) 
Apr 15
An early 50 mile race is won by an electric car in over 2 hrs 
Apr 16
US Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps 
Apr 17
7 high chiefs of American Samoa sign Instrument of Cession 
Apr 19
4th Boston Marathon won by Jim Caffrey of Canada in 2:39:44.4 
Apr 19
Highest scoring opening game, Phils beat Braves 19-17 in 10 
Apr 23
1st know occurrence of word "hillbillie" (NY Journal) 
Apr 24
Passing of Andrew Halliday, cable car pioneer 
Apr 26
AL opener in Cleve draws 6,500 
Apr 30
165 lb Robert Fitzsimmons KOs 305 lb Ed Dunkhost in a boxing match 
Apr 30
USA annexes Hawaii 
Apr 30
Casey Jones dies in a train wreck in Vaughn, Mississippi, while trying to make up time on the Cannonball Express. 
May 1
Premature blast collapses mine tunnel killing 200 at Scofield, Utah 
May 1
Roermond soccer team forms in Netherlands 
May 2
George Bernard Shaw's "You Never Can Tell" premieres in London 
May 3
26th Kentucky Derby: Jimmy Boland aboard Lieut Gibson wins in 2:06.25 
May 5
"The Billboard" began weekly publication 
May 8
John McGraw & Wilbert Robinson sign with Cardinals 
May 11
james j jeffries KOs James J Corbett in 23 for heavyweight boxing title 
May 12
Boer attack under Sarel Eloff, about 70 killed 
May 12
Lord Roberts' troops occupy Crown city 
May 17
British troops relieve Mafeking (Cape Colony) 
May 17
In China, three villages within 100 miles of Peking are burned by Boxers and 60 Chinese Christians killed. 
May 18
Britain proclaims protectorate over kingdom of Tonga 
May 19
Great Britain annexes Tonga archipelago 
May 19
World's longest railroad tunnel (Simplon) links Italy & Switz, opens 
May 20
2nd modern Olympic games opens in Paris (lasted 5 months) 
May 22
Associated Press organizes in NYC as non-profit news cooperative 
May 22
Edwin S Votey patents pneumatic piano player 
May 23
Associated Press News Service forms in NY 
May 24
34th Belmont: Nash Turner aboard Ildrim wins in 2:21¼ 
May 25
Eyre M Shaw, 78, becomes oldest gold medalist in Olympics 
May 26
British troops under Ian Hamilton attack the Vaal in South Africa 
May 27
Lord Roberts' army fights the Vaal in South Africa 
May 28
Fire in Cincinnati nearly destroys Reds' grandstand 
May 28
Solar eclipse occurs 
May 28
In China, rioters provoked by Boxers burn the Fengtai Railway Station, where many Belgians work 
May 28
Paul Kruger, President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, flees its capital, Pretoria, and goes to Watervalboven to evade the advancing British. 
May 29
25th Preakness: H Spencer aboard Hindus wins in 1:48.4 
May 29
Trademark "Escalator" registered by Otis Elevator Co 
May 31
British troops under Lord Roberts occupy Johannesburg 
May 31
Piet de Law captures Lt Col BE Spragges, 13th Battalion Irish Imperial Yeomanry 
May 31
Tom Hayward scores 1,000th cricket run of season (sets record 1074) 
May 31
US troops arrive in Beijing, help put down Boxer Rebellion 
Jun 1
British army occupiers Pretoria South-Africa 
Jun 5
Pretoria, capital of the Boer Republic of South Africa, falls to the British led by General Buller 
Jun 6
In China, Boxers cut off all railroad links between Peking and Tientsin, main port city of Peking 
Jun 6
US Congress pass an act authorizing a civil code and government for the territory of Alaska after gold discoveries bring lawlessness and disorder to the area 
Jun 7
Boer general Christian de Law occupies British rail depot at Roodewal 
Jun 8
Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 6 Napoleons" (BG) 
Jun 9
In China, Boxers destroy the race course in Peking, a few miles from the legations and the center and symbol of diplomatic social life and Western privilege. 
Jun 10
In China, a relief column of some 2000 men set out from Tientsin to relieve foreigners trapped in Peking. 
Jun 11
-12] Battle at Diamond Hill: British troops chase General Botha 
Jun 12
In Germany, the Reichstag pass the second Navy Bill, which calls for doubling the German Navy within 20 years 
Jun 13
In China, Baron von Kettler, the German minister to China, beats two young Boxers with his walking stick; when word of this circulates, rioting and arson spread throughout Peking during the night. 
Jun 14
Hawaiian Territorial Government begins 
Jun 14
The Reichstag approves a second law that allows the expansion of the German navy. 
Jun 14
Having been annexed to the USA on 12 August 1898, Hawaii is constituted as an organised territory 
Jun 16
In China, a fire is set by Boxers, virtually destroying the Western Quarter and spreading to engulf many Chinese landmarks 
Jun 18
Empress Douairiere orders I-Ho-Chuan (Boxers) to kill all foreigners 
Jun 18
Gen Luigi Pelloux resigns as premier of Italy 
Jun 19
In the USA, the Republican Party nominate President William McKinley for re-election, but choose a new candidate for Vice-President: Theodore Roosevelt 
Jun 20
In China, most foreigners in the Peking legations now accept that they are under siege by Boxers 
Jun 20
Baron Von Ketteler, German Minister, decides to go to the Chinese authorities to demand more guards for European protection from Boxers and is killed by Boxers en route 
Jun 21
Dodgers score 7 in top of 11th to go ahead of Phillies, 20-13, In bottom of 11th Phillies stalls so umpire forfeits game to Dodgers 
Jun 21
In the Philippines, General Arthur McArthur, US military governor of the Philippines, issues an amnesty proclamation to those Filipinos who will renounce the insurgent movement and accept US sovereignty 
Jun 22
In China, practically the whole foreign community in Peking, including many Chinese Christians, retreat to British compounds 
Jun 23
British Governor Frederick Hodgson and some of his British supporters flee Fort Coomassie, Gold Coast, Africa, where they have been under siege since 6 April 
Jun 23
The Young Turks present a manifesto to the major foreign embassies in Constantinople demanding that these foreign powers end the Ottoman Sultan's rule 
Jun 24
Dutch Social-Democratic Workers' party & Socialistenbond merge 
Jun 25
Russia mobilizes its army in eastern Siberia preparatory to acting against the Chinese, but also in an attempt to diminish the influence of Japan on the Asian mainland 
Jun 26
Dr Walter Reed begins research that beats Yellow Fever 
Jun 26
Japan mobolizes 20,000 troops to help put down the Boxer uprising - but also advance long-term interest in gaining land and power in mainland Asia 
Jun 26
The Russian Tsar orders that Russian must be the official language of Finland, despite growing unrest within Finland and increasing international concern over Russia's behavior there 
Jun 29
The Imperial Chinese Court issues what is essentially a declaration of war against the foreigners in China and blames hostilities on them, giving license to Boxers for even greater ferocity 
Jun 30
4 German liners burn at Hobokon Docks NJ, 326 die 
Jul 2
Sibelius' "Finlandia" premieres in Helsinki 
Jul 2
First flight LZ-1, of a dirigible airship designed by Graf Ferdinand von Zeppelin, at Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany. 
Jul 3
Trying in stem the growing popular resentment, Tsar Nicholas of Russia issues a decree that abolishes the banishment of dissidents and troublemakers to Siberia 
Jul 3
The British evacuate Rustenburg and occupy Commando Nek and Silkaatsnek in the Anglo-Boer war 
Jul 4
17th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Hillyard beats C Sterry (4-6 6-4 6-4) 
Jul 4
24th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Reginald Doherty beats S Smith (6-8 6-3 6-1 6-2) 
Jul 4
Williams Jennings Bryan nominated as Democratic Party presidential candidate, USA 
Jul 5
Compulsory education law passes Dutch 1st Chamber 
Jul 7
Boston hurler Kid Nichols notches his 300th career victory 
Jul 8
1st night baseball, league game (Zanesville at Grand Rapids) 
Jul 9
The Commonwealth of Australia is established by the British House of Commons 
Jul 11
Boer general De la Rey captures Scots Greys & Lincolns 
Jul 12
114°F (46°C), Basin, Wyoming (state record) 
Jul 13
Phillies beat Pittsburgh 23-8 
Jul 15
President Steyn/General De Law escape Brandwater Basin 
Jul 16
A report appears in London that all foreigners in Peking, China, have been massacred. Although soon exposed as false, the report helps mobolize support for relief of foreigners 
Jul 16
Russia launch an offensive against the Chinese in Manchuria 
Jul 17
NY Giant Christy Mathewson begins career losing to Bkln Superbas 
Jul 19
Michel Théato wins 2nd olympics marathon (2:59:45.0-40,260k) 
Jul 21
Pope Leo XIII encyclical to Greek-Melkite rite 
Jul 23
Pan-African Congress meets in London 
Jul 23
The Canadian government reviews immigration policy, prohibiting criminals and paupers from landing in Canada 
Jul 24
Race riot in New Orleans, 2 white policemen killed 
Jul 25
Gilbert Jessop hits his 2nd 100 before lunch in same cricket match 
Jul 28
Hamburger created by Louis Lassing in Connecticut 
Jul 29
In Italy, King Umberto I of Italy is assassinated by Italian-born anarchist Gaetano Bresci. 
Jul 30
British Parliament passes several progressive social acts: a Mines Act, a Workmen's Compensation Act and a Railway Act 
Jul 31
Boer Generals Prinsloo & Roux surrender in Brandwater Basin 
Aug 3
Firestone Tire & Rubber Company founded. 
Aug 4
An allied expeditionary force, made up of Japanese, Russian, British, French and American troops, sets off from Tientsin for Peking, China, to put down Boxer rebellion 
Aug 5
In Russia, anti-Jewish riots spread from Odessa into other parts of the country 
Aug 7
Diamond workers in Amsterdam strike 
Aug 8
1st Davis Cup tennis competition, named after Dwight Filley Davis, began at Longwood Cricket Club in Mass, & won by US 2 days later 
Aug 10
1st Davis Tennis Cup: USA beats British Isles at Longwood Cricket Club in Boston, Massachusetts (3-0) 
Aug 14
1st electric tram in Netherland (Leidseplein-Brouwersgracht) 
Aug 15
Russian troops advance further unto Manchuria 
Aug 15
In China, the Empress and some of her family, the court, and retainers flee while foreign troops move through Peking in an attempt to put down the Boxer Rebellion 
Aug 19
Start of the one & only olympic cricket match, in Paris 
Aug 20
Great Britain beats France in cricket in Olympic Games 
Aug 20
Japan's primary school law is amended to provide for four years of mandatory schooling. 
Aug 23
National Negro Business League organizes (Boston) 
Aug 27
Gabriel Faures opera/cantata "Prométhée" premieres in Beziers 
Aug 27
Battle of Bergendal: General Buller defeats the Boer under general Louis Botha 
Aug 29
Gaetano Bresci, the assassin of King Umberto I of Italy, is tried and sentenced to life imprisonment; he will commit suicide in jail on 22 May 1901 
Aug 30
Last 2,000 British prisoners in Nooitgedagt, South Africa, freed 
Aug 31
British troops over run Johannesburg 
Aug 31
Dodgers' Brickyard Kennedy walks 6 straight Phillies 
Sep 1
Cumann na nGaedheal (Irish Council) founded by Arthur Griffith in order to promote a buy Irish campaign 
Sep 2
Telegraph use between Germany & US begins 
Sep 2
A large demonstration by Nationalists in Dublin's Phoenix Park demand that Ireland be free of British rule 
Sep 3
With a proclamation by General Lord Roberts, Britain annexes the Boer Republic of South Africa 
Sep 3
Russian troops now control both sides of the Amur River on the Russo-Manchurian boundary 
Sep 5
France proclaims a protectorate over Chad 
Sep 6
British General Buller occupies Lydenburg, South Africa 
Sep 8
6,000 killed when a hurricane & tidal wave strikes Galveston, Texas 
Sep 10
20.3 cm rainfall at Elk Point, South Dakota (state record) 
Sep 11
President Paul Kruger crosses border into Mozambique 
Sep 13
Filipino resistance fighters defeat a small American column in the Battle of Pulang Lupa, during the Philippine-American War. 
Sep 14
There are now 62,000 foreign troops in Peking and nearby cities, still defeating Boxer Rebels. 
Sep 15
A Boer delegation issues an appeal at the Hague, Netherlands, that the major powers intervene in the war in South Africa 
Sep 17
Commonwealth of Australia proclaimed 
Sep 17
Philippine-American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat Americans under Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham at Mabitac. 
Sep 17
USA, Anthracite coal miners go out on strike for better wages until the October 25, by which time the owners are persuaded that their stand is harming President McKinley's campaign 
Sep 27
Victory Theater (Republic, Belasco) opens at 207 W 42nd St NYC 
Oct 3
Edward Elgar/Cardinal Newmans oratorium premieres in Birmingham 
Oct 4
Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Problem of Thor Bridge" (BG) 
Oct 4
In a final confrontation, some 4000 rebellious Ashantis are defeated by the British, Ashanti, Gold Coast, Africa 
Oct 5
6th US Golf Open: Harry Vardon shoots a 313 at Chicago GC Ill 
Oct 5
Harry Vardon wins US Open golf tournament 
Oct 6
Britain annexes Orange Free State (as Orange River Colony) 
Oct 7
The term "orienteering" is first used for an event 
Oct 9
8.3 magnitude earthquake shakes Cape Yakataga, Alaska 
Oct 10
Foreign ministers in Peking begin their first serious negotiations over what conditions their nations will impose on the Chinese after putting down the Boxer uprising 
Oct 10
In Manchuria, Russia captures the major city of Mukden, part of their own plan to take over the whole province 
Oct 12
The first modern submarine is commissioned by the U.S.Navy as the USS Holland, named for its designer John Philip Holland 
Oct 16
Queen Wilhelmina leaves duke Heinrich "Henry" von Mecklenburg-Schwerin 
Oct 16
Great Britain and Germany sign the Anglo-German Treaty, in which they agree to maintain the territorial integrity of China and support the 'open door' policy called for by US secretary of State 
Oct 18
Count Bernard von Bulow becomes Chancellor of Germany, famous for first referring to Germany's need for 'place in the sun' and global empire 
Oct 19
Henry O Tanner, painter, wins Medal of Honor at Paris Exposition 
Oct 19
South African President Paul Kruger departs for Europe 
Oct 24
General Redvers Buller returns to England 
Oct 25
Great Britain annexes the former Boer South African Republic, renaming it the Transvaal Colony 
Oct 26
After 4 years of work, first section of New York subway opens 
Oct 28
After over 5 months second Olympic games in Paris, France, close 
Oct 30
First-ever US auto show opens in Madison Square Garden in NYC 
Oct 31
AL pres Ban Johnson writes to NL pres Nick Young seeking peace 
Nov 3
First US automobile show opens at Madison Square Garden (NYC) 
Nov 5
Under US military control since the end of the Spanish-American War in 1898, Cuba now calls its own constitutional convention 
Nov 6
Battle at Bothaville: Major General Charles Knox beats Boers 
Nov 6
Republican President William McKinley and his Vice President, Theodore Roosevelt, defeat Democrats' William Jennings Bryan in the US elections 
Nov 7
Battle of Leliefontein, a battle during which the Royal Canadian Dragoons win three Victoria Crosses. 
Nov 7
In Canada, the Liberal Government led by Wilfrid Laurier retains its majority 
Nov 8
Theodore Dreiser's novel "Sister Carrie" is published 
Nov 9
China has resumed nominal control of Manchuria, but in a secret agreement the Chinese governor of Manchuria grants Russia such rights as keeping troops along the railroad lines and controlling civil administration 
Nov 12
World's Fair (Exposition Universelle) in Paris closes (50 million visitors) - Art Nouveau style dominates 
Nov 13
Baltimore Orioles (now NY Yankees) enter baseball's American League 
Nov 22
Paul Kruger, exiled President of the Boer Republic of South Africa, is given a popular welcome when he lands at Marseilles, France 
Nov 29
General Horatio Kitchener assumes command of the British forces in South Africa from General Lord Roberts 
Nov 30
A German engineer patents front-wheel drive for automobiles 
Nov 30
The First Isthmian Canal Commission, appointed by the President having examined possible routes for a canal, issues its report favoring that through Nicaragua over the Panama route 
Dec 1
Exiled South African president Paul Kruger visits Flanders and on the same day is declined a visit from the German Kaiser 
Dec 1
Portifiro Diaz is inaugurated for his 6th consecutive term as President of Mexico 
Dec 2
Exiled South African president Paul Kruger arrives in Germany, though the Kaiser refuses the meet him 
Dec 7
Max Planck, in his house at Grunewald, on the outskirts of Berlin, discovers the law of black body emission. 
Dec 9
Dutch Pres Paul Kruger & Queen Wilhelmina have a triumphant procession 
Dec 12
National Negro Anthem, "Lift Every Voice & Sing", composed 
Dec 13
Battle at Nooitgedacht: generals The la Rey/Smuts beat Britten 
Dec 14
Birth of Quantum Physics: Max Planck presents a theoretical derivation of his black-body radiation law. 
Dec 14
France and Italy sign a secret agreement by which Italy recognizes France's right to exploit Morocco in return for France's conceding her the same right in Tripoli 
Dec 16
Boer army under gen Kritzinger take Cape colony 
Dec 16
A National Civic Federation is formed in the US to arbitrate labor disputes 
Dec 17
1st prize of 100,00 francs offered for communications with extraterrestrials. Martians excluded-considered too easy 
Dec 17
New Ellis Island Immigration station completed costing $1.5 million 
Dec 17
Pope Leo XIII closes the 'Holy Door' of St Peter's in Rome, ending the Jubilee Year of 1900 
Dec 18
The Upper Ferntree Gully to Gembrook Narrow-gauge (2 ft 6 in or 762 mm) Railway (now the Puffing Billy Railway) in Victoria, Australia is opened for traffic. 
Dec 19
Kitchener offers protections to all Boers who will surrender and asks the Dutch community of Pretoria to convey this offer, but leaders in the field refuse to surrender; although organised military operations are largely over, the guerrilla war continues 
Dec 20
Giacobini discovers a comet (will be 1st comet visited by spacecraft) 
Dec 21
Gerhart Hauptmann's "Michael Kramer" premieres in Berlin 
Dec 23
As American forces defeat the Filipino insurgents and impose civil authority, some Filipinos form a Federal Party with a platform recognizing US sovereignty 
Dec 24
Herman Heijermans' "Hope of Blessing" premieres in Amsterdam 
Dec 24
The French Chamber of Deputies and Senate pass a bill calling for an end to agitation or prosecutions against those involved in the Dreyfus affair, which has divided France since 1894 
Dec 24
Foreign powers present the Chinese Empress with their list of 'irrevocable conditions' before their nations will withdraw troops from China 
Dec 25
Arthur Schnitzlers "Leutnant Gustl" forbidden in Germany 
Dec 27
Carrie Nation's 1st public smashing of a bar (Carey Hotel, Wichita KS) 
Dec 29
General Viljoen surprise attack British garrison to Helvetia 
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