Today in History - Historical Events - 1897

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Notable Historical Events - 1897

1897The first successful submarine that can run submerged for any considerable distance and combines electric and gasoline engines is launched in the USA by its designer John Philip Holland

1897Dracula, a novel by Irish author Bram Stoker is published.

1897Thomas Edison patented his movie camera (Kinetograph)

1897William McKinley inaugurated as 25th president of US

1897John Dewey's essay "My Pedagogic Creed" appears in School Journal

1897Oscar Wilde is released from Reading Gaol.

1897 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
1st football game between black colleges-Atlanta U 10, Tuskegee 0 
Jan 8
Michael Eagan wins 1st US national amateur handball championship 
Jan 10
Henrik Ibsen's "John Gabriel Borkman," premieres in Helsingfors 
Jan 10
Vincent d'Indy's "Istar" premieres in Amsterdam & Brussels 
Jan 11
M H Cannon becomes 1st woman state senator in US (Utah) 
Jan 14
6,960 m (22,834 ft) Cerro Aconcagua (Argentina) 1st climbed 
Jan 16
John Dewey's essay "My Pedagogic Creed" appears in School Journal 
Jan 23
Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Abbey Grange" (BG) 
Jan 23
Elva Zona Heaster is found dead in Greenbrier County, West Virginia. The resulting murder trial of her husband is perhaps the only case in United States history where the alleged testimony of a ghost helped secure a conviction. 
Jan 26
Battle at Bida Gold Coast: British troops beat Nupe's army 
Jan 27
British troops occupy Bida Gold Coast (Ghana) 
Feb 1
Shinhan Bank, the oldest bank in South Korea, opens in Seoul. 
Feb 5
Marcel Proust meets Jean Lorrain in a pistol duel 
Feb 10
NY Times begins using slogan "All the News That's Fit to Print" 
Feb 11
White Rose Mission opens on East 97th Street, NYC 
Feb 17
National Organization of Mothers forms (Parent Teacher Association) 
Feb 17
Emilio Aguinaldo and a group of katipuneros defeat Spanish forces led by General Camilo de Polavieja at the Battle of Zapote Bridge in Cavite 
Mar 4
William McKinley inaugurated as 25th president of US 
Mar 5
American Negro Academy forms 
Mar 9
Premiere of (parts of) Gustav Mahler's 3rd Symphony (Berlin) 
Mar 9
Cleveland Spiders sign Louis Sockalexis, full-blooded Penobscot 
Mar 9
Indians fans start calling the team "Indians" (in 1915 becomes official) 
Mar 11
A meteorite enters the earth's atmosphere and explodes over New Martinsville, West Virginia. The debris causes damage but no human injuries are reported. 
Mar 12
Vincent d'Indy's opera "Fervaal" premieres in Brussells 
Mar 13
San Diego State University is founded. 
Mar 15
1st indoor fly casting tournament opens, at Madison Square Garden 
Mar 16
Start of Sherlock Holmes "The Adventure of The Devil's Foot" (BG) 
Mar 17
Bob Fitzsimmons KOs James J Corbett in 14 for heavyweight boxing title 
Mar 19
Yale defeated Penn, 30-10 in 1st major college basketball game 
Mar 20
1st US orthodox Jewish Rabbinical seminary (RIETS) incorporates in NY 
Mar 20
1st known intercollegiate basketball game, Yale beats Penn 32-10 
Mar 20
France signs treaty with emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia 
Mar 29
Japan adopts Gold Standard 
Apr 5
The Greco-Turkish War, also called "Thirty Days' War", is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire. 
Apr 19
1st American marathon ran, John J McDermott wins in 2:55:10 (Boston) 
Apr 19
1st performance of Debussy's "Pelléas et Mélisande" 
Apr 22
NYC Jewish newspaper "Forward" begins publishing (still active) 
Apr 24
1st reporter, William Price (Wash Star), assigned to White House 
Apr 27
Grant's Tomb (famed of song & legend) dedicated 
May 4
23rd Kentucky Derby: Buttons Garner aboard Typhoon II wins in 2:12.5 
May 4
Fire in Paris bazaar at Rue Jean Goujon kills 200 
May 8
22nd Preakness: T Thorpe aboard Paul Kauvar wins in 1:51¼ 
May 11
Wash Senator catcher Charlie Farrell throws out 8 attempted stealers 
May 12
1800-1900 year old fossil of "girl of Yde" found in Drente, Netherlands 
May 12
Battle at Thessalie: Turkish army beats Greece 
May 14
Great Britain signs treaty with Emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia 
May 15
The Greek army retreats with heavy losses in the Greco-Turkish War. 
May 17
The first successful submarine that can run submerged for any considerable distance and combines electric and gasoline engines is launched in the USA by its designer John Philip Holland 
May 18
Irish Music Festival 1st held (Dublin) 
May 18
American baseball NY Giant William (Bill) Joyce sets record of 4 triples in 1 game 
May 18
Paul Dukas' "L'Apprenti Sorcier Pruimtabak on the Market" premieres 
May 18
Dracula, a novel by Irish author Bram Stoker is published. 
May 19
Oscar Wilde is released from Reading Gaol. 
May 21
Yerkes Observatory 40" (1m) refractor used for 1st time 
May 22
The Blackwall Tunnel under the River Thames was officially opened 
May 29
31st Belmont: J Scherrer aboard Scottish Cheiftain wins in 2:23.25 
Jun 12
Possibly most severe quake in history strikes Assam India, shock waves felt over an area size of Europe (low mortality rate given size of earthquake, 1500 casualties) 
Jun 15
Liberals/social-democrats win Dutch 2nd Parliamentary election 
Jun 16
A treaty annexing the Republic of Hawaii to the United States is signed; the Republic would not be dissolved until a year later. 
Jun 17
William Frank Powell, NJ educator, named minister to Haiti 
Jun 19
Wee Willie Keeler's 44 game hitting streak ends 
Jun 24
Hail injures 26 in Topeka, Kansas 
Jun 28
Marquis C de Bonchamps' expedition reaches Gore Ethiopia 
Jun 29
Chicago beats Louisville 36-7 (baseball) 
Jul 1
Bronx acquires Hutton Square 
Jul 1
14th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Blanche Hillyard beats C Sterry (5-7 7-5 6-2) 
Jul 1
21st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Reginald Doherty beats H Mahony (6-4 6-4 6-3) 
Jul 8
Harbor Hospital formally opens 
Jul 11
Solomon Andree leaves Spitsbergen by balloon towards North Pole 
Jul 16
The South African Committee, investigating the Jameson Raid releases its report finding that it was conducted almost implicitly through the support and encouragement of Cecil John Rhodes and the mining houses in the Transvaal 
Jul 17
1st ship arrives in Seattle carrying gold from Yukon 
Jul 18
Cap Anson is 1st to get 3,000 hits 
Jul 21
Tate Gallery opens in England 
Jul 25
Writer Jack London sails to join the Klondike Gold Rush where he will write his first successful stories. 
Jul 26
37.5 cm rainfall at Jewell, Maryland (state record) 
Jul 27
14.75" (37.5 cm) of rainfall, Jewell, Maryland (state 24-hr record) 
Jul 27
Dutch government of Pierson/Goeman Borgesius resigns 
Aug 3
John McNally's musical "Good Mr Best" premieres in NYC 
Aug 4
Henry A Rucker appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for Georgia 
Aug 10
Automobile Club of Great Britain established (now: Royal Automobile Club) 
Aug 14
The town of Anosimena is captured by French troops from Menabe defenders in Madagascar. 
Aug 17
W B Purvis patents electric railway switch 
Aug 19
1st electric taxis drive in London 
Aug 21
Oldsmobile begins operation as a General Motors Corp division 
Aug 27
Roger Bresnahan debuts as Wash Senator pitcher (later HOF catcher) 
Aug 30
The town of Ambiky is captured by France from Menabe in Madagascar. 
Aug 31
General Kitchener occupies Berber, North of Khartoum 
Aug 31
Thomas Edison patented his movie camera (Kinetograph) 
Sep 1
The Boston subway opens, becoming the first underground rapid transit system in North America. 
Sep 2
"McCal" magazine first published 
Sep 7
George Davis (Giants) HR off Sport McAllister (Spiders) in DH 
Sep 10
Lattimer Massacre - a sheriff's posse kills twenty unarmed immigrant miners in Pennsylvania, United States. 
Sep 11
After months of pursuit, generals of Menelik II of Ethiopia capture Gaki Sherocho, the last king of Kaffa, bringing an end to that ancient kingdom. 
Sep 12
Tirah Campaign: Battle of Saragarhi 
Sep 17
3rd US Golf Open: Joe Lloyd shoots a 162 at Chicago GC in Wheaton Ill 
Sep 18
Gustave Kecker/Hugh Martin's musical "Belle of NYC," premieres in NYC 
Sep 21
NY Sun runs famous "Yes, Virginia there is a Santa Claus," editorial 
Sep 23
1st frontier days rodeo celebration (Cheyene Wyoming) 
Sep 25
1st British bus service opens 
Oct 4
George Bernard Shaw's "Devil's Disciple," premieres in NYC 
Oct 5
Solomon Andrees baloon/polar expedition reaches White Island 
Oct 8
Emperor Karl Joseph I named Gustav Mahler director of Opera 
Oct 15
Aaron/Samuel Bloch carry 1st Mail Pouch 
Oct 15
King Leopold II takes Belgian crown 
Oct 21
Yerkes Observatory of University of Chicago is dedicated 
Oct 22
World's first car dealer opens in London 
Nov 6
'Peter Pan' opens in NY at Empire Theater 
Nov 23
Andrew J Beard invents "jerry coupler" to connect railroad cars 
Nov 23
Pencil sharpener patented by J L Love 
Nov 24
Canadian Intercollegiate Rugby Football Union forms in Kingston 
Nov 25
Spain grants Puerto Rico autonomy 
Nov 29
1st motorcycle race (Surrey, England) 
Dec 6
London becomes the world's first city to host licenced taxicabs. 
Dec 9
Activist Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper, La Fronde in Paris. 
Dec 12
Anti-Jewish violence breaks out in Bucharest Romania 
Dec 12
Rudolph Dirks' 1st Katzenjammer cartoon strip in NY Journal 
Dec 12
Belo Horizonte, the first planned city of Brazil, is founded. 
Dec 14
Emilio Aguinaldo signs the Pact of Biak-na-Bato, to end hostilities and dissolve his government, in exchange for amnesty and "$800,000 (Mexican)" as an indemnity 
Dec 16
1st submarine with an internal combustion engine demonstrated 
Dec 27
Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias beat Ottawa Capitals, 15-2 
Dec 28
Edmond Rostand's "Cyrano de Bergerac," premieres in Paris 
Dec 30
Province of Zululand annexed to Natal colony 
Dec 31
Brooklyn's last day as a city, it incorporates into NYC (1/1/1898) 
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