Today in History - Historical Events - 1895

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Notable Historical Events - 1895

1895Oscar Wilde sentenced to 2 years imprisonment for gross indecency

1895Alfred Nobel's will establishes Nobel Prizes

1895NC Legislature, adjourns for day to mark death of Frederick Douglass

1895Oscar Wilde's "Importance of Being Earnest," opens in London

1895Wilhelm Röntgen observes X-rays for the first time during an experiment at Würzburg University, Germany

1895Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" premieres, St Petersburg (1/27 NS)

1895Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices

1895Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband," premieres in London

1895Booker T. Washington delivers 'Atlanta Compromise' address

1895Tchaikovsky/Petipa's "Swan Lake," premieres in Petersburg

1895 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
Norway adopts Mid-European time 
Jan 1
Aguinaldo became a Freemason, joining Pilar Lodge No. 203, Imus, Cavite 
Jan 5
Henry James' play "Guy Domville" opens in London 
Jan 5
Victor Trumper makes first-class debut for NSW 17 yrs 64 days 
Jan 5
French Capt Alfred Dreyfus, convicted of treason, publicly stripped of his rank; later declared innocent 
Jan 12
The National Trust is founded in Britain. 
Jan 13
Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband," premieres in London 
Jan 15
Albert Trott takes 8-43 on Test debut, then a record 
Jan 15
French fleet reaches Majunga, Madagascar 
Jan 15
Tchaikovsky's ballet "Swan Lake" premieres, St Petersburg (1/27 NS) 
Jan 17
French president Casimir-Perier resigns 
Jan 17
Félix Faure installed as president of France 
Jan 18
Amsterdam's AFC soccer team forms 
Jan 22
National Association of Manufacturers organized in Cincinnati 
Jan 29
King Koko's Kopermannen assault on Akassa Niger, 100's killed 
Jan 30
C J Eady (Tas) 1st Australian to score twin centuries (v Vic) 
Jan 30
SS Elbe sinks after collision in North Sea, 332 killed 
Jan 30
Tasmania beat Victoria for 1st F-C victory in 41 years 
Jan 31
Jose Martí & others leave NYC for invasion of Spanish Cuba 
Feb 3
Wilhelm Mauseth skates world record 500 m (46.8 secs) 
Feb 4
1st rolling lift bridge opens, Chicago 
Feb 8
Tchaikovsky/Petipa's "Swan Lake," premieres in Petersburg 
Feb 9
1st intercollegiate basketball game (Minn Agricult beats Hamline, 9-3) 
Feb 9
Volleyball invented by W G Morgan in Massachusetts 
Feb 11
-17°F (-27.2°C) in Braemar, Grampian (UK record) 
Feb 11
Georgetown became part of Wash DC 
Feb 13
Moving picture projector patented 
Feb 14
Oscar Wilde's "Importance of Being Earnest," opens in London 
Feb 15
23 cm (9 inches) of snow falls on New Orleans 
Feb 20
Congress authorizes a US mint at Denver, Colorodo 
Feb 21
NC Legislature, adjourns for day to mark death of Frederick Douglass 
Feb 23
Jaap Eden skates world record 10km (17:56) 
Feb 23
William Heard, AME minister & educator, named minister to Liberia 
Feb 24
Cuban war for independence begins 
Feb 26
Michael Owens of Toledo, Ohio patents a glass-blowing machine 
Mar 4
Gustav Mahler's 2nd Symphony premieres in Berlin 
Mar 6
England beat Australia to win one of the best cricket series ever, 3-2 
Mar 6
J T Brown hits the fastest 50 in Test Crickets (28 mins) Eng v Aust 
Mar 9
Stanley Cup: Montreal Victorias awarded cup, as Queens University (Kingston Ont) loses to Montreal AAA, 5-1 
Mar 11
Spanish cruiser Reina Regente sinks in Straits of Gibraltar, over 400 die 
Mar 18
200 blacks leave Savannah, Ga for Liberia 
Mar 19
Los Angeles Railway established to provide streetcar service 
Mar 22
Auguste & Louis Lumiere show their 1st movie to an invited audience 
Mar 25
Italian troops invade Abyssinia (Ethiopia) 
Mar 26
King Alfonso plants pine sapling in Madrid, starts Spain's Arbor Day 
Mar 30
British inventor Birt Acres films Oxford and Cambridge boat race 
Apr 5
Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of 3 Students" (BG) 
Apr 5
Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices 
Apr 11
Anaheim completes its new electric light system 
Apr 13
Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Solitary Cyclist" (BG) 
Apr 14
1st performance of Gustav Mahler's (incomplete) 2nd Symphony 
Apr 15
Josephine Blatt (US) makes hip-and-harness lift of 3564 lb (record) 
Apr 17
Treaty of Shimonoseki signed, ends 1st Sino-Japanese War (1894-95) 
Apr 24
Joshua Slocum completes around-the-world voyage in 11-m boat 
May 6
21st Kentucky Derby: Soup Perkins aboard Halma wins in 2:37.50 
May 7
In Saint Petersburg, Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention - the world's first radio receiver. In the former Soviet Union the anniversary of this day is celebrated as Radio Day. 
May 8
China cedes Taiwan to Japan under Treaty of Shimonoseki 
May 17
W G Grace completes his 100th 100 v Somerset at Bristol 
May 20
1st commercial movie performance (153 Broadway, NYC) 
May 24
Henry Irving becomes 1st theatrical knight 
May 25
20th Preakness: Fred Taral aboard Belmar wins in 1:50.5 
May 25
Oscar Wilde sentenced to 2 years imprisonment for gross indecency 
May 25
The Republic of Formosa is formed, with Tang Ching-sung as the president. 
May 27
British inventor Birt Acres patents film camera/projector 
May 30
W G Grace scores his 1,000th Cricket run of the season after 22 days 
Jun 11
1st auto race 
Jun 11
Charles E Duryea patents a gas-driven automobile 
Jun 13
Emile Levassor wins 1st Paris-Bordeaux-Paris auto race (24 kph) 
Jun 17
US Ship Canal (W 225th St) in the Bronx completed; cutting Marble Hill off from Manhattan 
Jun 20
1st female PhD (science) earned (Caroline Willard Baldwin) from an American University 
Jun 20
Canal of Smock officially opens 
Jun 20
Nicaragua, El Salvador & Honduras form a short-lived confederation 
Jun 21
British Roseberry government falls 
Jun 28
El Salvador, Honduras & Nicaragua form Central American Union 
Jun 29
Doukhobors burn their weapons as a protest against conscription by the Tsarist Russian government. 
Jul 3
Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Black Peter" (BG) 
Jul 4
Katherine Lee Bates publishes "America the Beautiful" 
Jul 8
Delagoa Bay Railway opens in South-Africa 
Jul 11
Auguste & Louis Lumière show film for scientists 
Jul 15
12th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Charlotte Sterry beats H Jackson (7-5 8-6) 
Jul 15
19th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Wilfred Baddeley beats W Eaves (4-6 2-6 8-6 6-2 6-3) 
Jul 16
Archie MacLaren completes cricket 424 for Lancs v Somerset at Taunton 
Aug 10
1st Queen's Hall Promenade Concerto (Wagners "Rienzi") 
Aug 19
American frontier murderer and outlaw, John Wesley Hardin, is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas. 
Aug 20
Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Norwood Builder" (BG) 
Aug 26
Electric central at Niagara Falls gives 1st steam 
Aug 27
15th US Men's Tennis: Fred H Hovey beats Robert D Wrenn (6-3 6-2 6-4) 
Aug 29
The formation of the Northern Rugby Union at the George Hotel, Huddersfield, England. 
Aug 30
Belgium begins compulsory Roman Catholic education 
Aug 31
1st pro football game (QB John Brallier paid $10 & won 12-0) 
Sep 3
1st pro football game played, Latrobe beats Jeanette 12-0 (Penn) 
Sep 5
George Washington Murray elected to Congress from SC 
Sep 9
American Bowling Congress forms (NYC) 
Sep 11
FA Cup stolen in Birmingham 
Sep 12
Defender (US) beats Valkyrie III (England) in 10th America's Cup 
Sep 18
Booker T. Washington delivers 'Atlanta Compromise' address 
Sep 18
Daniel David Palmer of Davenport, Iowa gives the first chiropractic adjustment 
Sep 21
1st auto manufacturer opens-Duryea Motor Wagon Company 
Sep 23
French labor union CGT (Confederation Generale du Travail) forms 
Sep 24
1st round-the-world trip by a woman on a bicycle (took 15 months) 
Sep 26
Italian general Oreste Baratieri lands in Massawa, Eritrea 
Sep 30
France proclaims a protectorate over Madagascar 
Oct 1
Romanians in Costantinople massacred 
Oct 2
1st cartoon comic strip is printed in a newspaper 
Oct 4
Horace Rawlins wins 1st US Open golf tournament (Newport RI) 
Oct 4
1st US Golf Open: Horace Rawlins shoots a 173 at Newport GC RI 
Oct 5
The first individual time trial for racing cyclists is held on a 50-mile course north of London. 
Oct 8
Ohio Valley Improvement Association forms 
Oct 11
Emperor Menelik II of Addis Ababa draws against Italians 
Oct 21
The Republic of Formosa collapses as Japanese forces invade. 
Oct 22
David Belasco's "Heart of Maryland" premieres in NYC 
Oct 22
In Paris an express train overruns a buffer stop and crosses more than 30 metres of concourse before plummeting through a window at Gare Montparnasse. 
Nov 2
29th Belmont: Fred Taral aboard Belmar wins in 2:11½ 
Nov 5
1st US patent granted for auto (George B Selden) for gasoline driven car 
Nov 5
Edward, Prince of Wales, says "We are all Socialists nowadays" 
Nov 5
US state Utah accepts female suffrage 
Nov 8
German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produces and detects electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays 
Nov 8
Wilhelm Röntgen observes X-rays for the first time during an experiment at Würzburg University, Germany 
Nov 11
Bechuanaland becomes part of Cape Colony 
Nov 13
First shipment of canned pineapple from Hawaii 
Nov 19
Frederick E Blaisdell patents the pencil 
Nov 21
Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Bruce Partington Plans" (BG) 
Nov 26
Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association forms 
Nov 27
Alfred Nobel's will establishes Nobel Prizes 
Nov 28
America's 1st auto race starts; 6 cars, 55 miles, winner avg 7 MPH 
Dec 2
54th Congress (1895-97) convenes 
Dec 7
Battle at Amba Alagi: Abyssinians beat Italian armies 
Dec 8
Battle at Amba Alagi: Ethiopian emperor Menelik II drives Italian general Baratieri's out 
Dec 13
1st complete execution of Gustav Mahler's 2nd Symphony 
Dec 17
Anti-Saloon League of America formed, Washington, DC 
Dec 17
George Brownell patents a machine to make paper twine (Mass) 
Dec 28
Film makers the Lumiere brothers, hold the first commercial film screening at Salon Indien du Grand Café, Paris 
Dec 29
Dr L S Jameson begins failed raid on Johannesburg 
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