Today in History - Historical Events - 1894

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Notable Historical Events - 1894

18941st public showing of Thomas Edison's kinetoscope (moving pictures)

1894Serial killer H. H. Holmes is arrested in Boston after being tracked there from Philadelphia by the Pinkertons

1894George Bernard Shaw's "Arms & the Man" premieres in London

1894Claude Debussy's "Prélude à l'apres-midi d'un faune" premieres

1894Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies.

1894Mackenzie Bowell becomes the 5th Prime Minister of Canada

1894 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
Denmark adopts Mid-European time 
Jan 1
Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic 
Jan 1
South African Amateur Athletic Union is founded in Johannesburg. 
Jan 4
France ratifies Duple Alliance with Russia 
Jan 7
Early 5 second film of Fred Ott sneezing shot by Edison Manufacturing - 1st ever copyrited 
Jan 8
Columbus World's fair in Chicago destroyed by fire 
Jan 9
"Edison Kinetoscopic Record of a Sneeze" released in movie theaters 
Jan 9
Georges Feydeau's "Un à la Patte," premieres in Paris 
Jan 9
New England Telephone and Telegraph installs the first battery-operated telephone switchboard in Lexington, Massachusetts. 
Jan 13
Revolution in Sicily crushed by government troops 
Jan 21
Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 500m in 47.8 sec 
Jan 23
G W Bunbury of Dublin sets shorthand record of 250 wpm for 10 min 
Jan 25
James J Corbett KOs Charley Mitchell in 3 for heavyweight boxing title 
Jan 27
1st college basketball game, University of Chicago beats Chicago YMCA 19-11 
Jan 27
Midwinter Fair opens in Golden Gate Park 
Jan 30
Pneumatic hammer patented by Charles King of Detroit 
Jan 30
US flag fired on in Rio; prompt satisfaction exacted by Adm Benham 
Feb 2
US warship Kearsarge wrecked on Roncador Reef, near Solomon Island 
Feb 3
1st US steel sailing vessel, Dirigo, launched, Bath, Me 
Feb 5
Female suffrage organization in Amsterdam forms 
Feb 7
The Cripple Creek miner's strike, led by the Western Federation of Miners, begins in Cripple Creek, Colorado. 
Feb 8
Enforcement Act repealed, making it easier to disenfranchise blacks 
Feb 12
Anarchist Émile Henry hurls a bomb into Paris's Cafe Terminus, killing one and wounding 20. 
Feb 14
Venus is both a morning star & evening star 
Feb 16
British troops occupy Ilorin, Gold Coast 
Feb 23
Stanley Cup: Montreal AAA's awarded cup by trustees as Ottawa refuses to travel to Toronto to play 
Feb 24
Nicaragua captures Tegucigalpa, Honduras (National Day, sort of) 
Mar 3
1st Greek-language publication in US begins, "NY Atlantis" 
Mar 3
4th & last British government of Gladstone resigns 
Mar 4
Great fire in Shanghai; over 1,000 buildings destroyed 
Mar 5
Seattle authorizes 1st municipal employment office in US 
Mar 5
Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery becomes First Lord of the Treasury. 
Mar 8
The state of New York enacts the nation's first dog-licensing law. 
Mar 12
Pittsburgh issues free season tickets for ladies on Tuesday & Friday 
Mar 12
In Vicksburg, Mississippi, USA, Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time. 
Mar 13
J L Johnstone of England invents horse racing starting gate 
Mar 16
Jules Massenet's opera "Thaïs" premieres in Paris 
Mar 17
US & China sign treaty preventing Chinese laborers from entering US 
Mar 22
Stanley Cup: Mont AAA beat Ottawa Generals, 3-1 (1st Cup game ever) 
Mar 24
37 miners killed at Franklin, WA 
Mar 25
Coxey's Army of the unemployed sets out from Massillon, Ohio, for Washington DC 
Apr 5
11 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn 
Apr 5
Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Empty House" (BG) 
Apr 9
1st performance of Anton Bruckner's 5th Symphony in B in Graz 
Apr 12
British & Belgian secret accord on dividing Central-Africa 
Apr 14
1st public showing of Thomas Edison's kinetoscope (moving pictures) 
Apr 19
Jules Massenet's opera "Werther" premieres in NYC 
Apr 20
136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase 
Apr 21
George Bernard Shaw's "Arms & the Man" premieres in London 
Apr 24
French cyclist Henri Desgrange rides 100km in world record 2:39:18 
Apr 24
Phillies Lave Cross hits for cycle vs Bkln Dodgers 
Apr 29
Commonwealth of Christ (Coxey's Army) arrives in Wash, DC 500 strong to protest unemployment; Coxey arrested for trespassing at Capitol 
May 11
American RR Union strikes Pullman Sleeping Car Co 
May 12
Ludwig Englander's musical "Passing Show" premieres in NYC 
May 14
Fire in Boston bleachers spreads to 170 adjoining buildings 
May 15
20th Kentucky Derby: Frank Goodale aboard Chant wins in 2:41 
May 16
Fire in Boston destroys baseball stadium & 170 other buildings 
May 17
19th Preakness: Fred Taral aboard Assignee wins in 1:49.25 
May 21
22-year-old French Anarchist Émile Henry is executed by guillotine. 
May 23
William Love hosts ground breaking ceremonies for Love Canal 
May 26
Emanuel Lasker (26) becomes World Champion chess player 
May 30
Bobby Lowe is 1st to hit 4 HRs in 1 baseball game 
Jun 15
Phillies beat Cincinnati Reds, 21-8 
Jun 17
1st US poliomyelitis epidemic breaks out, Rutland, Vermont 
Jun 18
Premier Roseberry declares Uganda a British protectorate 
Jun 19
28th Belmont: Willie Simms aboard Henry of Navarre wins in 1:56.5 
Jun 21
Workers in Pittsburgh strike Pullman sleeping car company 
Jun 23
The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sorbonne, Paris, at the initiative of Baron Pierre de Coubertin. 
Jun 24
Decision to hold modern Olympics every 4 years 
Jun 24
Marie Francois Sadi Carnot is assassinated by Sante Geronimo Caserio. 
Jun 25
American Railway Union under Eugene V Debs goes on strike 
Jun 25
Boer leader Paul Kruger meets the British High Commissioner, Sir Henry Loch, on Pretoria station in South Africa and accompanies him to his hotel to discuss the grievances of the Uitlanders (Foreigners) 
Jun 26
Karl Benz of Germany receives US patent for gasoline-driven auto 
Jun 28
Labor Day established as a holiday for federal employees 
Jun 28
The Natal Legislature plans to introduce the Indian Franchise Bill, South Africa 
Jun 30
Korea declares independence from China, asks for Japanese aid 
Jun 30
London's Tower Bridge opens 
Jul 2
Government obtains injunction against striking Pullman Workers 
Jul 4
Elwood Haynes successfully tests one of 1st US autos at 6 MPH 
Jul 4
Republic of Hawaii proclaimed, Sanford B Dole as president 
Jul 6
Cleveland sends 2,000 troops to Chicago to suppress Pullman strike 
Jul 16
Many negro miners in Alabama killed by striking white miners 
Jul 16
Treaty of Aoki-Kimberley signed between Japan & England 
Jul 18
11th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Blanche Hillyard beats E Austin (6-1 6-1) 
Jul 18
18th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Joshua Pim beats Wilfred Baddeley (10-8 6-2 8-6) 
Jul 20
2000 fed troops recalled from Chicago, having ended Pullman strike 
Aug 2
Death duties 1st introduced in Britain 
Aug 2
Dutch Society for Women Suffrage gets royal charter 
Aug 14
Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge demonstrates wireless telegraphy (radio) using Morse code at a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science at Oxford University 
Aug 16
Indian chiefs from the Sioux & Onondaga tribes met to urge their people to renounce Christianity & return to their old Indian faith 
Aug 17
Phils get 36 hits, Sam Thompson hits for cycle beating Louisville 29-4 
Aug 18
Congress creates Bureau of Immigration 
Aug 22
Mahatma Gandhi forms the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in order to fight discrimination against Indian traders in Natal 
Aug 25
-26] Balinese troops assault Dutch army, 97 killed 
Aug 25
Shibasaburo Kitasato discovers the infectious agent of the bubonic plague and publishes his findings in The Lancet. 
Aug 26
Netherlands Social-Democratic Worker's party (SDAP) forms 
Aug 27
Congress passes Wilson-Gorman Tariff Act, which includes a graduated income tax later struck down by the Supreme Court 
Aug 30
Frederick Lugard's expedition to Niger 
Aug 31
Phillies Billy Hamilton steals 7 bases 
Aug 31
The Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration Act passed by Richard Seddon's Liberal government, making New Zealand the first country in the world to outlaw strikes in favour of compulsory arbitration 
Sep 2
-3] Amsterdam Municipal theater opens 
Sep 2
Forest fires destroy Hinckley Minnesota: about 600 die 
Sep 4
In NYC, 12,000 tailors went on strike protesting sweat shops 
Sep 4
Soccer team Veendam 1894 forms 
Sep 10
London taxi driver George Smith is first fined for drunk driving 
Sep 14
Hottentotten uprising in Southwest-Africa fails 
Sep 15
Japan defeats China in Battle of Ping Yang 
Sep 27
Aqueduct racetrack opens in NY 
Sep 28
Simon Marks & Tom Spencer open Penny Bazaar in Manchester 
Oct 1
Civic organization, Knights of Ak-Sar-Ben founded in Omaha, Nebraska 
Oct 1
First meeting of The Owl Club of Cape Town. 
Oct 15
Capt Alfred Dreyfus arrested accused of espionage in France 
Oct 17
Ohio national guard kills 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man 
Oct 28
German emperor Wilhelm II fires chancellor Leo von Caprivi & premier Botho zu Eulenburg 
Oct 29
First election of Hawaiian Republic 
Oct 30
Daniel Cooper patents time clock 
Oct 30
Domenico Melegatti obtains a patent for a procedure to be applied in industrial production of pandoro (a traditional Italian sweet yeast bread). 
Nov 1
Vaccine for diphtheria announced by Dr Roux of Paris 
Nov 1
Nicholas II becomes the new Tsar of Russia after his father, Alexander III, dies. 
Nov 5
Frederick Lugards expedition reaches Nikki 
Nov 5
Richard Strauss' "Till Eulenspiegels" premieres 
Nov 10
Fred Lugard signs accord with king Lafia "Absalamu" of Nikki 
Nov 12
Lawrence Hargrave, Australian aeronautical pioneer and inventor of the box kite, linked four huge box kites together and flew - but remained attached to the ground by piano wire 
Nov 14
Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Golden Pince-Nez" (BG) 
Nov 16
6,000 Armenians massacred by Turks in Kurdistan 
Nov 16
French captain Henri Decoeurs troops reach Nikki, West Africa 
Nov 17
Daily Racing Form founded 
Nov 17
Serial killer H. H. Holmes is arrested in Boston after being tracked there from Philadelphia by the Pinkertons 
Nov 18
1st newspaper Sunday color comic section published (NY World) 
Nov 18
1st comic strip "Origin of a New Species" by Richard Outcault 
Nov 19
1st mushroom on a stamp (China 1 & 5 Ap) 
Nov 19
Dutch troops occupy & plunders palace of Tjakra Negara, Lombok 
Nov 20
US intervenes in Bluefields, Nicaragua 
Nov 25
Greenback (Independent) Party organizes in Indianapolis 
Nov 26
King Lafia "Absalamu" of Nikki signs accord with France 
Dec 5
Georges Feydeaus' "L'hôtel du libre échange" premieres in Paris 
Dec 9
Roman Catholics win Parliamentary election in Belgium 
Dec 14
Day One 1st Test Cricket Aus v Eng Aust 5-346 (Giffen 161, Gregory 85) 
Dec 14
Test Cricket debut of Joe Darling, Ernie Jones, Archie MacLaren 
Dec 15
Cricket day 2 1st T Aus v Eng Aus 586 (Gregory 201) England 3-130 
Dec 17
Cricket day 3 1T Aus v Eng Eng 325 all out, 261 behind on 1st inn 
Dec 18
Cricket day 4 1T Aus v Eng England following on 4-268, 7 in front 
Dec 19
Cricket day 5 1T Aus v Eng Eng 437 all out, Aus need 177 are 2-113 
Dec 20
England beat Australia by 10 runs in the 1st six-day Test Cricket, Australia needed 177 to win, all out at 166 on 6th day 
Dec 21
Mackenzie Bowell becomes the 5th Prime Minister of Canada 
Dec 22
-23] Dutch coast hit by hurricane 
Dec 22
Claude Debussy's "Prélude à l'apres-midi d'un faune" premieres 
Dec 22
United States Golf Association forms (NYC) 
Dec 22
French officer Alfred Dreyfus court-martialed for treason, triggers worldwide charges of anti-Semitism (Dreyfus later vindicated) 
Dec 23
Debussy's ballet "L'aprés-midi d'un faune" premieres in Paris 
Dec 24
Scheveningse fishing boats destroyed by storm 
Dec 24
Soccer team Achilles '94 forms in Axes 
Dec 25
1st midwestern football team to play on west coast, University of Chicago defeats Stanford 24-4 at Palo Alto, CA in football 
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