Today in History - Historical Events - 1891

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Notable Historical Events - 1891

1891Thomas Edison patents motion picture camera

1891Cy Young pitches 1st game played in Cleveland's League Park Cleveland Spiders 12, Cincinnati Redlegs 3

1891History of cinema: The first public display of Thomas Edison's prototype kinetoscope.

1891Music Hall (Carnegie Hall) opens in NY, Tchaikovsky as guest conductor

1891Oscar Wilde's "Duchess of Padua," premieres in NYC

1891James Naismith invents basketball (Canada)

1891John Abbott becomes Canada's third prime minister.

1891James Naismith creates the game of basketball

1891 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed 
Jan 1
King Pakketvaart sails to Neth Indies 
Jan 26
Oscar Wilde's "Duchess of Padua," premieres in NYC 
Jan 27
Mine explosion kills 109 at Mount Pleasant Pennsylvania 
Jan 29
Liliuokalani is proclaimed Queen of Hawaii, its last monarch. 
Jan 31
The first attempt of a Portuguese republican revolution breakes out in the northern city of Porto. 
Feb 6
1st great train robbery by Dalton Gang (Southern Pacific #17) 
Feb 7
Great Blizzard of 1891 begins in England 
Feb 9
1st shipment of asparagus arrives in SF from Sacramento 
Feb 15
AIK is founded at Biblioteksgatan 8 in Stockholm by Isidor Behrens. 
Feb 18
Capt Archinard's army fights with Nyamina of Niger in West-Sudan 
Feb 24
French troops under capt Archinard occupy Diena West Sudan 
Feb 26
1st buffalo purchased for Golden Gate Park 
Feb 26
Henrik Ibsens "Hedda Gabler," premieres in Oslo 
Feb 28
Oscar Grundén skates world record 500m (50.8 sec) 
Mar 3
Congress creates US Courts of Appeal 
Mar 3
Congress creates Office of Superintendent of Immigration (Treasury Dept) 
Mar 3
The Penalty Spot Kick rule in Association Football is conceived, but does not come into effect until the next season. 
Mar 10
Almon Strowger, an undertaker in Topeka, Kansas, patents the strowger switch, a device which led to the automation of telephone circuit switching. 
Mar 17
British Steamer "Utopia" sinks off Gibraltar killing 574 
Mar 18
Britain is linked to the continent by Telephone 
Mar 28
1st world weightlifting championship held 
Apr 1
London-Paris telephone connection opens 
Apr 1
Painter Gauguin leaves Marseille for Tahiti 
Apr 1
The Wrigley Company is founded in Chicago, Illinois. 
Apr 7
Nebraska introduces 8 hour work day 
Apr 11
8 year old Jewish tailor's daughter disappears in Greece, rumor spreads that she was a Christian girl ritually killed by Jews 
Apr 23
Jews are expelled from Moscow Russia 
Apr 24
Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Final Problem" 
Apr 25
Pres Benjamin Harrison visits SF 
May 1
Cy Young pitches 1st game played in Cleveland's League Park Cleveland Spiders 12, Cincinnati Redlegs 3 
May 5
Music Hall (Carnegie Hall) opens in NY, Tchaikovsky as guest conductor 
May 6
Conductors on London General Omnibus Company go on strike 
May 7
Battle in Bunyoro: Capt F Lugard stops Moslem rebellion, 300 killed 
May 11
The Otsu Scandal: While visiting Japan, Prince Nicholas (later Tsar Nicholas II) survives an assassination attempt 
May 12
Riot against tax increase in Paramaribo, Suriname 
May 13
17th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Kingman wins in 2:52.25 
May 15
British Central African Protectorate (now Malawi) forms 
May 15
Jules Massenet's opera "Griselde" premieres in Paris 
May 15
Operations begin at Philips & Co in Holland 
May 15
Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Rerum novarum 
May 16
George A Hormel & Co introduce Spam 
May 19
Rice Institute, which became Rice University, is chartered 
May 20
History of cinema: The first public display of Thomas Edison's prototype kinetoscope. 
May 21
Boxers Peter Jackson & Jim Corbett fight to a draw in 61 rounds 
May 22
1st motion picture shown to Natl Federation of Women's Clubs 
May 31
Work on trans-Siberian railway begins 
Jun 9
Painter Gauguin arrives in Papeete, Tahiti 
Jun 10
25th Belmont: Ed Garrison riding Foxford wins in 2:08.75 
Jun 11
Puerto Rican flag adopted 
Jun 16
John Abbott becomes Canada's third prime minister. 
Jun 29
100°F (SF, CA) 
Jun 29
US National Forest Service organized 
Jun 29
Street railway in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, commences operation. 
Jul 5
Hail kills 6 horses in Rapid City, SD 
Jul 7
Travelers checks patents 
Jul 8
61°F, highest temp for July 1891, in Baltimore & Phila 
Jul 9
8th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Lottie Dod beats Blanche Hillyard (6-2 6-1) 
Jul 9
15th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Wilfred Baddeley beats Joshua Pim (6-4 1-6 7-5 6-0) 
Jul 14
John T Smith patents corkboard 
Jul 26
Henry James' "American" premieres in London 
Jul 26
France annexes Tahiti. 
Jul 27
Titus van Wyck succeeds M de Savornin Lohman as governor of Suriname 
Aug 5
1st travelers checks issued (American Express) 
Aug 15
San Sebastian Church in Manila, the first all-steel church in Asia, is officially inaugurated and blessed. 
Aug 17
1st public bathhouse with showers opens in NYC (People's Bath) 
Aug 17
Electric self-starter for automobile patented 
Aug 18
Hurricane hits Martinique, about 700 die 
Aug 19
William Huggins describes astronomical application of spectrum 
Aug 21
Dutch Mackay government resigns 
Aug 24
Thomas Edison patents motion picture camera 
Sep 3
11th US Men's Tennis: Oliver S Campbell beats C Hobart (2-6 7-5 7-9 6-1 6-2) 
Sep 3
Cotton pickers organize union & stage strike in Texas 
Sep 3
John Stephens Durham named US minister to Haiti 
Sep 7
Captain Frederick Lugard's army reaches Kavalli, Equatoria 
Sep 11
The Jewish Colonization Association is established by Baron Maurice de Hirsch. 
Sep 14
"Empire State Express" train goes from NYC to East Buffalo, a distance of 436 miles, in a record 7H6M 
Sep 18
Harriet Maxwell Converse is 1st white woman to become an Indian chief 
Sep 20
The first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States. 
Oct 1
In the U.S. state of California, Stanford University opens its doors. 
Oct 12
Astronomical Society of France is inaugurated 
Oct 18
1st international 6-day bicycle race in US (Madison Square Garden, NYC) begins 
Oct 20
1st International 6 day bike race (NY Madison Square Garden) begins 
Oct 25
1st International 6 day bike race (NY Madison Square Garden) ends 
Oct 28
Quake strikes Mino-Owari, Japan kills 7,300 
Nov 10
1st Women's Christian Temperance Union meeting held (in Boston) 
Nov 10
Granville T Woods patents electric railway 
Nov 30
Pope Leo XIII's encyclical "Rerum novarum" published 
Dec 1
James Naismith creates the game of basketball 
Dec 2
52nd Congress (1891-93) convenes 
Dec 7
52nd Congress (1st to appropriate $1 billion) holds 1st session 
Dec 15
James Naismith invents basketball (Canada) 
Dec 19
1st Negro Catholic priest ordained in US, Charles Uncles, Baltimore 
Dec 19
Canadian Rugby Union forms 
Dec 20
Strongman Louis Cyr withstands pull of 4 horses 
Dec 21
18 students play 1st basketball game (Springfield College) 
Dec 29
Edison patents "transmission of signals electrically" (radio) 
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