Today in History - Historical Events - 1885

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Notable Historical Events - 1885

1885Bismarck gives Carl Peters' firm management of East-Africa

1885Louis Riel's forces defeat Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Sask

1885German chancellor Bismarck takes possession of Cameroon & Togoland

1885Mark Twain publishes the "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn"

1885Grover Cleveland inaugrated as 1st US Democratic President since Civil War

1885The Battle of Batoche concludes. Louis Riel and and the Metis defeated by Frederick Middleton, leds to collapse of Provincial Government of Saskatchewan and surrender of Riel

1885Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Sask

1885Louis Pasteur successfully tests an anti-rabies vaccine

1885 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 2
Gen Wolseley receives last distress signal of Gen Gordon in Khartoum 
Jan 4
Dr W W Grant of Iowa, performs 1st appendectomy (on Mary Gartside, 22) 
Jan 11
Henrik Ibsen's "Vildauden," premieres in Oslo 
Jan 17
Brits beat Mahdists at Battle of Abu Klea in Sudan 
Jan 19
Battle at Abu Klea Sudan: 800-1000 killed 
Jan 25
Vincent d'Indy's "Saugefleurie," premieres 
Jan 26
Muhammad Ahmed ("Mahdi") rebels conquer Khartoum 
Feb 5
News of fall of Khartoum reaches London 
Feb 5
King Leopold II of Belgium establishes the Congo as a personal colonial possession 
Feb 9
1st Japanese arrive in Hawaii 
Feb 12
Carl Peters founds German East-Africa Society 
Feb 17
Bismarck gives Carl Peters' firm management of East-Africa 
Feb 18
Mark Twain publishes the "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" 
Feb 21
Washington Monument dedicated (Wash DC) 
Feb 25
US Congress condemns barbed wire around government grounds 
Feb 26
Congress of Berlin; gives Congo to Belgium & Nigeria to Great Britain 
Mar 3
1st US state (California) establishes a permanent forest commission 
Mar 3
American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates 
Mar 3
Congress passes Indian Appropriations Act (Indians wards of fed government) 
Mar 3
US Post Office offers special delivery for 1st-class mail 
Mar 4
Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "Mikado," premieres in London 
Mar 4
Grover Cleveland inaugrated as 1st US Democratic President since Civil War 
Mar 14
Gilbert & Sullivan's comic opera "Mikado" premieres in London 
Mar 15
1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Lesson Djinns" 
Mar 19
Louis Riel returns to Canada, proclaims provisional government, Sask 
Mar 20
John Matzeliger of Suriname patents shoe lacing machine 
Mar 20
Yiddish theater opens in NY with Golldfaden operetta 
Mar 21
2nd French government of Ferry resigns 
Mar 26
Eastman Film Co manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film 
Mar 26
Louis Riel's forces defeat Canadian forces at Duck Lake, Sask 
Mar 28
US Salvation Army officially organized 
Mar 30
The Battle for Kushka triggers the Pandjeh Incident which nearly gives rise to war between the British Empire and Russian Empire. 
Mar 31
Great Britain declares Bechuanaland a protectorate 
Apr 30
Boston Pops Orchestra forms 
May 1
Maria "Goeie Mie" Swanenburg sentence to life for killing 27 in Netherlands 
May 2
"Good Housekeeping" magazine is 1st published 
May 2
Congo Free State formed by King Leopold II of Belgium 
May 7
John E W Thompson named US minister to Haiti 
May 8
Sarah Ann Henley survives 76-m jump from Clifton Bridge, Avon, Engl 
May 12
The Battle of Batoche concludes. Louis Riel and and the Metis defeated by Frederick Middleton, leds to collapse of Provincial Government of Saskatchewan and surrender of Riel 
May 14
11th Kentucky Derby: Babe Henderson aboard Joe Cotton wins in 2:37.25 
May 15
Canadian Meti insurgent Louis Reil captured, Saskatchewan 
May 19
1st mass production of shoes (Jan Matzeliger in Lynn, Massachusetts) 
May 19
German chancellor Bismarck takes possession of Cameroon & Togoland 
May 22
13th Preakness: Jim McLaughlin aboard Tecumseh wins in 2:49 
Jun 6
19th Belmont: Paul Duffy aboard Tyrant wins in 2:43 
Jun 6
Opera "Lakmé" is produced (Paris) 
Jun 12
Roof collapse kills 30 at murder trial in France 
Jun 17
Statue of Liberty arrived in NYC aboard French ship `Isere' 
Jun 24
British government of Salisbury forms 
Jun 24
Samuel David Ferguson becomes 1st US black bishop 
Jul 1
The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada. 
Jul 2
Canada's North-west Insurrection ends with surrender of Big Bear 
Jul 6
Louis Pasteur successfully tests an anti-rabies vaccine 
Jul 17
9th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats H Lawford (7-5, 6-2 4-6 7-5) 
Aug 7
5 German warships anchor at Zanzibar 
Aug 10
Leo Daft opens America's 1st coml operated electric streetcar (Balt) 
Aug 11
$100,000 raised in US for pedestal for Statue of Liberty 
Aug 14
Japan's first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint. 
Aug 29
Gottlieb Daimler receives German patent for a motorcycle 
Aug 29
Phillies Charlie Ferguson no-hits Providence 1-0 
Aug 29
Boxing's 1st heavyweight title fight with 3-oz gloves & 3-minute rounds fought between John L Sullivan & Dominick McCaffrey 
Aug 30
13,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda 
Sep 2
In Rock Springs, Wyoming, 150 white miners, who were struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town. 
Sep 4
1st cafeteria opens (NYC) 
Sep 5
1st gasoline pump is delivered to a gasoline dealer (Ft Wayne, Ind) 
Sep 6
Eastern Rumelia declares its union with Bulgaria. The Unification of Bulgaria is accomplished. 
Sep 11
Moses Hopkins, named minister to Liberia 
Sep 12
Highest score (35) recorded in any 1st-class soccer match is set 
Sep 16
Puritan (US) beats Genesta (England) in 6th running of America's Cup 
Sep 18
Riots break out in Montreal to protest against compulsory smallpox vaccination. 
Sep 21
Dutch demonstrate for general voting right 
Sep 22
Lord Randolph Churchill makes a speech in Ulster in opposition to Home Rule e.g. "Ulster will fight and Ulster will be right". 
Sep 24
Five German warships depart to Zanzibar 
Sep 29
The first practical public electric tramway in the world is opened in Blackpool, England. 
Sep 30
Bechuanaland becomes a British protectorate 
Oct 1
Special delivery mail service begins in US 
Oct 13
The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is founded in Atlanta, Georgia. 
Oct 15
Hoss Radbourne pitches his 60th win of season 
Oct 17
Baseball sets all players salaries at $1,000-$2,000 for 1885 season 
Oct 22
John Ward & several teammates secretly form Brotherhood of Prof Base Ball Players, 1st baseball union 
Oct 24
Johann Strauss' operetta "Zigeunerbaron (Gypsy Baron)" premieres in Vienna 
Oct 25
John Brahms' 4th Symphony in E premieres 
Nov 1
Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Immortale Dei 
Nov 3
Tacoma vigilantes drive out Chinese, burn their homes & businesses 
Nov 6
US mint at Carson City, Nevada, directed to close 
Nov 7
Canadian Pacific Railway completed at Craigellachie 
Nov 9
Opera "Ermine," premieres in London 
Nov 10
Gottlieb Daimler's motorcycle, world's 1st, unveiled 
Nov 12
Montreal & Britannia Football Clubs (QRFU) defeat Ontario Combined Team (ORFU) 3-0 in CRFU Championship game 
Nov 13
Serbian army occupies Bulgaria 
Nov 23
Amsterdam police attack meeting of social-democrats united 
Nov 26
1st meteor photograph 
Nov 27
Earliest photograph of a meteor shower taken 
Nov 30
Opera "El Cid" premieres (Paris) 
Dec 2
Opera "Regina di Saba" premieres in Vienna 
Dec 7
49th Congress (1885-87) convenes 
Dec 17
France declares Madagascar a protectorate 
Dec 22
Pope Leo XIII proclaims extraordinary jubilee 
Dec 22
Itō Hirobumi, a samurai, becomes the first Prime Minister of Japan. 
Dec 29
Gottlieb Daimler patents 1st bike (Germany) 
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