Today in History - Historical Events - 1884

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Notable Historical Events - 1884

1884Grover Cleveland (D) beats James G Blaine (R) for his 1st presidential term. The only American president to serve 2 non-consecutive terms

1884George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film

1884 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 4
Last sighting of an eastern cougar (Ontario) 
Jan 4
The Fabian Society is founded in London. 
Jan 8
Chrome tanning process for leather patented by Augustus Schultz 
Jan 18
General Charles Gordon departs London for Khartoum 
Jan 18
Dr. William Price attempts to cremate the body of his infant son, Iesu Grist (Welsh for Jesus Christ) Price, setting a legal precedent for cremation in the United Kingdom. 
Jan 19
Jules Massenet's opera "Manon," premieres in Paris 
Jan 26
1st Dutch Wagner version of Elizabeth aria 
Feb 1
1st volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, A-Ant, published 
Feb 7
Canadian Rugby Football Union forms 
Feb 18
General Charles Gordon arrives in Khartoum 
Feb 18
Police seize all copies of Tolstoy's "What I Believe In" 
Feb 19
Tornadoes in Miss, Ala, NC, SC, Tenn, Ky & In kill 800 people 
Feb 26
British & Portuguese treaty signed in Congo by Leopold II 
Mar 8
1st performance of Edward MacDowell's 2nd Piano suite 
Mar 8
Susan B. Anthony addresses the U.S. House Judiciary Committee arguing for an amendment to the U.S. Constitution granting women the right to vote. Anthony's argument came 16 years after legislators had first introduced a federal women's suffrage amendment. 
Mar 12
Mississippi establishes 1st US state college for women 
Mar 13
Siege of Khartoum Sudan begins 
Mar 13
US adopts Standard Time 
Mar 17
John Joseph Montgomery makes 1st glider flight, Otay, Calif 
Mar 27
1st long-distance telephone call, Boston-NY 
Apr 2
London prison for debtors closed 
Apr 10
US Senate accepts Belgian administration of Congo 
Apr 20
Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Freemasonry" 
Apr 21
Potters Field reopened as Madison Park 
Apr 22
Thomas Stevens starts 1st bike trip around world (2 yrs 9 mos) 
Apr 22
US recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State 
Apr 24
National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes (Atlanta) 
May 1
Construction begins on Chicago 1st skyscraper (10 stories) 
May 1
Moses Walker became 1st African American player in major league baseball in US 
May 1
Proclamation of the demand for eight-hour workday in the United States. 
May 13
Institute for Electrical & Electronics Engineers (IEEE) forms in New York 
May 14
Anti-Monopoly party forms in US 
May 16
10th Kentucky Derby: Isaac Murphy aboard Buchanan wins in 2:40.25 
May 17
Alaska becomes a US territory 
May 19
Ringling Brothers circus premieres 
May 22
1-armed pitcher Hugh Daily fanned 13 hitters 
May 23
12th Preakness: S Fisher aboard Knight of Ellerslie wins in 2:39.5 
May 24
Anti-Monopoly party & Greenback Party forms People's Party in US 
May 26
Fred Spofforth takes 7-34 & 7-3 v England XI in 4 hours 
May 29
1st steam cable trams start in highgate 
May 31
Dr John Harvey Kellogg patents "flaked cereal" 
Jun 3
John Lynch (R-MS) chosen 1st black major-party natl convention chair 
Jun 4
18th Belmont: Jim McLaughlin aboard Panique wins in 2:42 
Jun 5
William Sherman refuses Republican presidential nomination saying "I will not accept if nominated & will not serve if elected" 
Jun 16
1st roller coaster used (Coney Island NY) 
Jun 24
John Lynch is 1st black elected chairman of Republican convention 
Jul 3
Dow Jones published it's 1st stock avg 
Jul 4
1st US bullfight held (Dodge City Ks) 
Jul 4
Statue of Liberty presented to US in Paris 
Jul 5
German consul-general Gustav Nachtigal takes possession of Cameroon 
Jul 5
US Congress accept 2nd Chinese Exclusion Act 
Jul 10
1st Test Cricket to be played at Old Trafford 1st day washed out 
Jul 19
8th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats H Lawford (6-0 6-4 9-7) 
Jul 21
1st Test Cricket match played at Lord's 
Jul 27
The East Cleveland Street Railway Company begins the first U.S. commercial electric streetcar line in Cleveland, Ohio, on the Bentley-Knight system 
Aug 2
Dutch Queen Emma appointed regent 
Aug 5
Cornerstone for Statue of Liberty laid on Bedloe's Island (NYC) 
Aug 7
Germany annexes Angra Pequena (Southwest-Africa) 
Aug 11
1st double-century stand in Test cricket, McDonnell/Murdoch 207 Aust 
Aug 12
Bill Murdoch scores 1st Test Cricket double-century, 211 at The Oval 
Aug 28
First known photograph of a tornado is made near Howard, SD 
Aug 28
Mickey Welsh strikes-out 1st 9 men he faces 
Aug 30
Jack "Nonpareil" Dempsey wins middleweight title in 1st fight with boxing gloves 
Sep 4
Britain ends its policy of penal transportation to New South Wales in Australia. 
Sep 10
Congressman John R Lynch presides over Republican National Convention 
Sep 20
6.2 mile Arlberg railroad tunnel completed in Austria 
Sep 20
Equal Rights Party nominates female candidates for Pres & VP 
Sep 23
American Herman Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine. 
Sep 24
Dixey, Rice & Gill's musical "Adonis" premieres in NYC 
Sep 26
Suriname army shoots on British-Indian contract workers, 7 killed 
Oct 6
Naval War College forms in Newport RI 
Oct 13
Greenwich established as universal time meridian of longitude 
Oct 14
George Eastman patents paper-strip photographic film 
Oct 22
General Gordon receives letter of Mahdi 
Oct 22
Sporting Life announces that both pennant winners will meet in 3 game series Oct 23-25 at Polo Grounds NYC to determine baseball champion 
Oct 22
The International Meridian Conference in Washington, DC, USA adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) worldwide, creating 24 international time zones with longitude zero at the Greenwich meridian 
Oct 23
1st World Series OKed by AA, Providence (NL) beats NY Mets (AA) 6-0 
Oct 25
1st World Series OK by AA, Providence (NL) sweeps NY Mets (AA) in 3 
Oct 27
Architect Henry Hardenberghs Dakota-complex opens in NYC 
Nov 1
The Gaelic Athletic Association is founded to promote Irish sport and games; The association denies membership to the police and army and is immediately infiltrated by the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) 
Nov 4
Grover Cleveland (D) beats James G Blaine (R) for his 1st presidential term. The only American president to serve 2 non-consecutive terms 
Nov 6
British protectorate proclaimed over southeast New Guinea 
Nov 6
Montreal Foot Ball Club (QFRU) defeats Toronto Argonauts (ORFU) 30-0 in 1st CRFU Championship game 
Nov 8
German government recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State 
Nov 15
Colonization of Africa orgainized at international conference in Berlin 
Nov 17
Cops arrest John L Sullivan in 2nd round for being "cruel" 
Nov 22
T Thomas Fortune starts NY Freeman (NY Age) newspaper 
Nov 25
John B Meyenberg of St Louis patents evaporated milk 
Dec 1
American Old West: Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy. 
Dec 6
Aluminum capstone set atop Washington Monument, Wash, DC 
Dec 9
Levant Richardson patents ball-bearing skate 
Dec 12
1st Test match played at the Adelaide Oval 
Dec 16
Great Britain recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State 
Dec 19
Italy recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State 
Dec 24
Austria-Hungary admits King Leopold II's Congo Free State 
Dec 27
Netherlands recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State 
Dec 30
Anton Bruckner's 7th Symphony in E, premieres in Leipzig 
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