Today in History - Historical Events - 1881

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Notable Historical Events - 1881

1881US President James Garfield shot by Charles J Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker; Garfield died 79 days later

1881James A Garfield inaugurated as 20th president

1881Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.

1881Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday & Clanton involved in gunfight at OK Corral, in Tombstone, Az

1881Chester A. Arthur sworn in as 21st president

1881Booker T. Washington establishes Tuskegee Institute (Alabama)

1881Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.

1881Frederick Douglass appointed recorder of deeds for Wash DC

1881Sioux Indian Chief Sitting Bull, surrenders to US federal troops

1881American Red Cross founded by Clara Barton

1881 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
Dr John H Watson is introduced to Sherlock Holmes 
Jan 2
Camille Saint-Saëns' 3rd Concerto in B, premieres 
Jan 4
Johannes Brahms' "Academic Festival Overture" premieres, Breslau 
Jan 22
Ancient Egyptian obelisk "Cleopatra's Needle" erected in Central Park, New York 
Jan 25
Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company. 
Jan 26
Union of Baptists Communities forms in Foxholl 
Jan 28
Battle at Laing's Neck Natal: Boers beat superior powered British 
Feb 1
US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri authorized 
Feb 5
Phoenix, Az incorporates 
Feb 7
Battle at Ingogo, Transvaal: Boers beat superior British forces 
Feb 10
Jacques Offenbach's opera "Les Contes d'Hoffman," premieres in Paris 
Feb 13
The feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is first published in Paris by the activist Hubertine Auclert. 
Feb 19
Kansas becomes 1st state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages 
Feb 24
De Lesseps' Co begins work on Panama Canal 
Feb 24
China and Russia sign the Sino-Russian Ili Treaty. 
Feb 26
-27] Natal: British troops under Major General Colley occupy Majuba Hill 
Feb 26
SS Ceylon begins 1st round-the-world cruise from Liverpool 
Feb 27
Battle at Amajuba, S Afr: Boers vs Brit army under Gen Colley 
Mar 4
California becomes 1st state to pass plant quarantine legislation 
Mar 4
Holmes & Watson begin "A Study in Scarlet", 1st case together 
Mar 4
James A Garfield inaugurated as 20th president 
Mar 4
South African president Kruger accepts ceasefire 
Mar 12
Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain. 
Mar 16
Barnum & Bailey Circus debuts 
Mar 18
Barnum & Bailey's Greatest Show on Earth opens (Madison Square Garden) 
Mar 23
Boers & Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war 
Mar 23
Gas lamp sets fire to Nice France opera house; 70 die 
Mar 26
Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again. 
Mar 27
Rioting takes place in Basingstoke, Hampshire, in protest against the daily vociferous promotion of rigid Temperance by the Salvation Army. 
Mar 28
"Greatest Show On Earth" was formed by PT Barnum & James A Bailey 
Apr 1
Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem 
Apr 1
Kingdom post office in Netherlands opens 
Apr 5
Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty 
Apr 11
River ferry "Princess Victoria" sinks in Thames River, Ontario, 180 die 
Apr 11
Spelman College founded 
Apr 14
The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight erupts in El Paso, Texas. 
Apr 16
In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle. 
Apr 18
Natural History Museum opens in South Kensington, England 
Apr 18
Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico. 
Apr 23
Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "Patience" produced in London 
Apr 25
250,000 Germans petition to bar foreign Jews from entering Germany 
Apr 25
French troops occupy Algeria & Tunisia 
Apr 27
Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad 
May 5
Anit-Jewish rioting in Kiev Ukraine 
May 8
Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolian monarch 
May 10
Lighthouse on Ameland begins operation 
May 11
Bedrich Smetana's opera "Libusa" premieres in Prague 
May 12
Treaty of Bardo, Tunisia becomes a French protectorate 
May 16
World's 1st electric tram goes into service in Lichterfelder (near Berlin) 
May 17
7th Kentucky Derby: Jim McLaughlin aboard Hindoo wins in 2:40 
May 17
Frederick Douglass appointed recorder of deeds for Wash DC 
May 17
Revised version of New Testament 
May 21
American Red Cross founded by Clara Barton 
May 21
US Nation Lawn Tennis Association forms 
May 24
Canadian ferry Princess Victoria sinks near London Ontario, 200 die 
May 24
Turkey cedes Thessaly and Arta back to Greece. 
May 27
9th Preakness: T Costello aboard Saunterer wins in 2:40.5 
Jun 1
Bell Phone opens 1st Dutch telephone exchange 
Jun 2
Haarlem-Zandvoort Railway opens 
Jun 7
15th Belmont: T Costello aboard Saunterer wins in 2:47 
Jun 12
The USS Jeannette, under the command of George Washington De Long, is crushed by Arctic ice after 21 months of ice-bound drifting 
Jun 13
The USS Jeannette, under the command of George Washington De Long, sinks in the Arctic circle following 21 months of drifting after becoming trapped in the ice 
Jun 14
Player piano patented by John McTammany Jr (Cambridge, Mass) 
Jun 16
Austria-Hungary & Serbia sign military treaty 
Jun 19
Muhammad Ahmad becomes Mahdi of Sudan 
Jun 24
200 drown as train runs off bridge near Cuautla, Mexico 
Jun 29
Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Diuturnum illud 
Jun 30
Henry Highland Garnet named minister to Liberia 
Jul 1
1st international telephone conversation, Calais, ME-St Stephen, NB 
Jul 1
US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri opens 
Jul 1
General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army's organisation, comes into effect. 
Jul 2
US President James Garfield shot by Charles J Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker; Garfield died 79 days later 
Jul 4
Booker T. Washington establishes Tuskegee Institute (Alabama) 
Jul 13
5th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats J Hartley (6-0 6-1 6-1) 
Jul 20
Sioux Indian Chief Sitting Bull, surrenders to US federal troops 
Jul 26
French marines occupy Tunisian harbor city Sfax 
Aug 1
US Quarantine Station authorized for Angel Island, SF Bay 
Aug 3
Boers signs Convention of Pretoria: Transvaal semi-autonomous 
Aug 3
US National Lawn Tennis Association removes "National" from its name 
Aug 4
122°F (50°C), Seville, Spain (European record) 
Aug 13
Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolese monarch 
Aug 27
Hurricane hits Florida & Carolinas; about 700 die 
Aug 31
1st US men's single tennis championships (Newport, RI) 
Sep 3
1st US Men's Tennis: Richard D Sears beats William E Glyn (6-0 6-3 6-2) 
Sep 3
Anton Bruckner completes his 6th Symphony 
Sep 9
Egyptian military coup under colonel Arab "El Wahid" 
Sep 11
Triple landslides bury Elm Switz 
Sep 13
Lewis Latimer invents & patents electric lamp with a carbon filament 
Sep 18
Chicago Tribune reports on a televideo experiment 
Sep 20
Chester A. Arthur sworn in as 21st president 
Sep 24
Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch 
Sep 27
Chicago Cubs beat Troy 10-8 before record small "crowd" of 12 
Oct 4
Edward Leveaux patents automatic player piano 
Oct 11
David Houston patents roll film for cameras 
Oct 12
Henry M Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch 
Oct 13
Revival of Hebrew language as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda & friends agree to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations 
Oct 15
1st American fishing magazine, American Angler published 
Oct 22
Boston Symphony Orchestra gives its first concert 
Oct 24
Levi P Morton, US ambasador to France drives first rivet in Statue of Liberty 
Oct 26
Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday & Clanton involved in gunfight at OK Corral, in Tombstone, Az 
Oct 29
Judge (U.S. magazine) first published. 
Oct 31
Metropolitan club plays its last game of its non-league season They win 80 of 151 games (18-43 versus NL teams) 
Nov 2
Dutch New-Malthusiaanse Union forms 
Nov 5
French government-Ferry resigns 
Nov 5
1,600 police and volunteers attack Māori settlement at Parihaka in western Taranaki which had become the symbol of protest against the confiscation of Māori land, New Zealand 
Nov 14
Charles J Guiteau went on trial for assassination of President Garfield 
Nov 14
Leon Gambetta forms French government 
Nov 15
American Federation of Labor (AFL) founded (Pittsburgh) 
Nov 19
A meteorite lands near the village of Großliebenthal, southwest of Odessa, Ukraine. 
Dec 3
Henry Morton Stanley founds Leopoldville/Kinshasa 
Dec 4
The first edition of the Los Angeles Times is published. 
Dec 5
47th Congress (1881-83) convenes 
Dec 8
Vienna's Ring Theater destroyed by fire, kills between 640-850 
Dec 19
Opera "Hérodiade" is produced (Brussels) 
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