Today in History - Historical Events - 1880

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Notable Historical Events - 1880

1880John Philip Sousa becomes new director of US Marine Corps Band

1880James A Garfield (R) elected 20th US President

1880Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan.

1880Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp

1880 Historical Events
Date Event
Jan 1
Building of Panama Canal, begins 
Jan 6
Record snow cover in Seattle - 120 cm 
Jan 9
6' (1.8 meters) of snow falls in Seattle in 5 days 
Jan 9
The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow. 
Jan 21
1st US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains, Memphis, Tennessee 
Jan 27
Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp 
Feb 1
The first edition of theatrical newspaper The Stage is published. 
Feb 2
SS Strathleven arrives in London with 1st Australian frozen mutton 
Feb 4
Steele MacKay's "Hazel Kirke," premieres in NYC 
Feb 4
The Black donnelly massacre. James (63), Johannah (56), John (32), Thomas (25) and Bridget (21) Donnelly are murdered in their home by members of the Vigilance Committee 
Feb 10
Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Arcanum about Christian marriage 
Feb 12
US National Croquet League organizes (Phila) 
Feb 13
Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels's primary river and creating the modern central boulevards. 
Feb 16
American Society of Mechanical Engineers forms (NYC) 
Feb 17
Tsar Alexander II of Russia survives an assassination attempt 
Feb 29
Gotthard railway tunnel between Switzerland & Italy completed 
Mar 4
NY Daily Graphic publishes 1st half-tone engraving, by S H Horgan 
Mar 10
General Wolseley opens new legislative council in Pretoria 
Mar 10
Salvation Army of England sets up US welfare & religious activity 
Mar 23
Flour rolling mill patented (John Stevens of Wisc) 
Mar 24
Tobacco Growers' Mutual Insurance Company incorporates in CT 
Mar 31
1st town completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, IN) 
Apr 18
An F4 tornado strikes Marshfield, Missouri, killing 99 people and injuring 100. 
Apr 24
Amateur Athletic Association, governing body for men's athletics in England & Wales, is founded in Oxford, England 
May 10
General Wolseley opens new legislative council in Pretoria 
May 18
6th Kentucky Derby: George Lewis aboard Fonso wins in 2:37.5 
May 28
8th Preakness: L Hughes aboard Grenada wins in 2:40.5 
May 31
League of American Wheelmen (1st US bicycle association), forms in Newport RI 
Jun 1
1st pay telephone installed 
Jun 1
US census at 50,155,783 
Jun 7
War of the Pacific: The Battle of Arica, assault and capture of Morro de Arica (Arica Cape), that ended the Campaña del Desierto (Desert Campaign). 
Jun 10
Charlie Jones becomes 1st to hit 2 HRs in 1 inning 
Jun 12
John Lee Richmond pitches 1st major league perfect game, Worcester 1, Cleveland's Forest City 0 
Jun 14
14th Belmont: L Hughes aboard Grenada wins in 2:47 
Jun 16
Salvation Army forms in London 
Jun 17
John Ward, Providence, pitches perfect game vs Buffalo 
Jun 24
First performance of "O Canada," the song that would become the national anthem of Canada, at the Congrès national des Canadiens-Français. 
Jun 28
Ned Kelly the Australian bushranger captured at Glenrowan. 
Jun 29
France annexes Otaheite (Tahiti) 
Jul 15
4th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: John Hartley beats H Lawford (6-2 6-3 6-2 2-6 6-3) 
Jul 16
Dr. Emily Stowe becomes the first woman licenced to practice medicine in Canada. 
Jul 19
SF Public Library starts lending books 
Jul 21
Compressed air accident kills 20 workers on Hudson River tunnel, NY 
Jul 23
1st commercial hydroelectric power planet begins, Grand Rapids, Michigan 
Jul 27
A P Abourne patents a process for refining coconut oil 
Jul 27
Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson is wounded, breaks out 
Aug 2
British Parliament officially adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) 
Aug 14
Construction of Cologne Cathedral, largest Gothic cathedral in Nthn Europe finally completed (began in 1248) 
Sep 6
Commencement of 1st Test Cricket in England, v Australia at The Oval 
Sep 6
W G Grace scores 152 in debut Test Cricket innings, v Aust The Oval 
Sep 7
Geo Ligowsky patents device to throw clay pigeons for trapshooters 
Sep 9
President Hayes visits SF 
Sep 10
Pierre de Brazza signs treaty with King Makoko of Congo 
Sep 23
Jules Ferry forms French government 
Sep 29
1st pro baseball game at Polo Grounds, NY Metropolitans beat Washington Nationals 4-2 in 5 innings 
Sep 30
Henry Draper takes that 1st photograph of Orion Nebula 
Oct 1
John Philip Sousa becomes new director of US Marine Corps Band 
Oct 4
University of California founded in Los Angeles 
Oct 15
Koln cathedral completed, 633 years after it begun 
Oct 15
Mexican soldiers kill Victorio, one of the greatest Apache military strategists. 
Oct 20
Amsterdam Free University opens 
Nov 2
James A Garfield (R) elected 20th US President 
Nov 8
Sarah Bernhardt, French actress, made US debut at NY's Booth Theater 
Nov 11
Australian Bushranger and outlaw Ned Kelly is hanged at Melbourne Gaol 
Nov 21
Henry Stanley & Pierre de Brazza quarrel about possession of Congo 
Nov 24
Southern University forms 
Dec 8
5,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal South-Africa 
Dec 16
Transvaal region declares itself as the Republic of South Africa 
Dec 20
Battle at Bronker's Spruit, Transvaal: Farmers beat Britten 
Dec 20
NY's Broadway lit by electricity, becomes known as "Great White Way" 
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